Who were the Galilaeans in the Bible and WHY does it matter? Were the Galilaeans Jews? Were the Galilaeans Hebrew Israelites? Were the 11 Apostles of Jesus Galilaeans? Was Jesus a Galilaean? Can a Jew be a Galilean? Was Jesus a Jew? These are some of the questions that will be answered in this study in God’s word. Let us begin by reading Acts 1:11 where two men or two angels addressed the disciples of Jesus with the greeting, “You men of Galilee” as they watched Jesus ascend into heaven out of their sight.

Acts 1:11.

“Which also said, You men of Galilee, why stand you gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as you have seen him go into heaven.”

Then later, on the day of Pentecost, many Jews who were assembled at Jerusalem for the feast of weeks asked the question concerning the 120 disciples of Jesus who were all filled with the Holy Spirit and speaking in other tongues saying, “Are not all these which speak Galilaeans?”

Acts 2:7.

“And they were all amazed and marveled, saying one to another, Behold, are not ALL these which speak Galilaeans?”

Songs and books have been written about Jesus being the man from Galilee. But what does being a man from Galilee mean? Does it mean that Jesus was Galilaean? And if so what does being a Galilaean mean? Does it mean that all Galilaeans are Hebrew Israelites? Does it mean that ONLY Galilaeans are Hebrew Israelites? Does this mean that all Galilaeans cannot possibly be Jews?

Can a Hebrew Israelite be a Jew? Can a Jew be a Hebrew Israelite? Is there a difference between being the men of Judah from being the men of Israel? Are the men of Judah Hebrew Israelites? Are all the people who live in the land of Judaea all JEWS? Are all Judaeans Edomites? What does Acts 2:7 mean by the 120 on the day of Pentecost ALL being Galilaeans?

The purpose of this study in God’s word is to see why some Christians claim that the Jews in the Bible are NOT Hebrew Israelites of the twelve tribes of Israel. And one of the verses they use is Acts 2:7 to try and prove that salvation is for ISRAEL ONLY and that the Jews in the Bible are the children of Satan and thus the Jews cannot be saved. And the verse they use to try and prove that ALL Jews are the children of Satan the Devil is John 8:44. So let us take a moment and read this verse as well being taken OUT of its CONTEXT.

John 8:44.

You are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father you will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.”

Now the reason that these Christians who claim that salvation is for the children of Israel ONLY try to prove that ALL Jews are of the seed of Esau is because of the prophecies in Obadiah and Malachi of the Edomites being cut off from God forever. Some of my readers may be wondering who are the Edomites so let us take a look at a few verses which teach us who the Edomite people are and the prophecies concerning the Edomites.

Genesis 36:9.  

“And these are the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in mount Seir:”

And if you remember Esau sold his birthright to his brother Jacob for a bowl of soup.

Genesis 25:33.  

“And Jacob said, Swear to me this day; and he sware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob.”

Hebrews 12:16.  

“Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright.”

Esau is also called EDOM.

Genesis 36:1.

“Now these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom.”

So then, the descendants of Esau which are EDOM and the Edomites are indeed of the seed of Abraham BUT they are not of the seed of PROMISE because Esau SOLD his birthright to Jacob. And being the seed of Abraham they followed the laws of Moses. In other words, they were the same RACE of people called the Hebrew people who had the SAME religion as the children of Israel BUT they are NOT of the seed of PROMISE.

Now, what does this all mean? Does it mean that God predestined every single descendant of Esau to eternal damnation and no matter what they do not even one single Edomite can ever be saved? Well, that is what some Christians believe based on some verses in Obadiah and Malachi which we will look at shortly but for now, the issue at hand is WHO are the JEWS according to the Bible itself and NOT according to the salvation for Israel ONLY Christians.

You see, the Israel ONLY Christians claim that ALL the Jews are EDOMITES of the seed of Esau and therefore NOT ONE single Jew can be saved. They insist that that land of Judah was conquered by the Edomites who drove out every last one of the men of Judah who were the descendants of the tribe of Judah and the land became known as Judaea and the Edomites became known as Judaeans transliterated today as being the JEWS. And, therefore, to THEM, anyone living in Judaea in the days of Jesus who are called Jews are ALL Edomites. They also claim that the religion of Judaea called Judaism is NOT the same religion of the children of Israel which they call Hebrewism.

Now the reason that they claim that the religion of the JEWS is NOT the same religion of the children of Israel is that they NEED it to be a DIFFERENT religion so that they can keep on keeping the law of Moses to be saved. You see, all salvation of Israel ONLY Christians are the seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians who sincerely believe and teach that Paul is a self-appointed false Apostle who had a vision from Satan and NOT from Jesus and thus to THEM Paul is a FALSE teacher. Some of them have gone as far to call Peter a false teacher as well and they call themselves Jesus words ONLY believers.

For the sake of just mere logical thinking let us ASSUME that the salvation of Israel ONLY Christians are correct and ALL the Jews are Edomites and not one single Edomite can be saved because ALL Jews according to THEM are LITERALLY the children of Satan. And by literally being the seed of Satan they mean that all Jews are of the literal biological seed of Satan. They go back to the garden of Eden and claim that Cain was the literal offspring of Satan who has sex with Eve. Please read the study “WHAT IS THE SERPENT SEED DOCTRINE?”

So again, for the sake of mere common sense and simple LOGIC let us ASSUME that the serpent seed doctrine is true and Cain was a literal offspring of Satan to be a literal biological child of the Devil. And let us assume that ALL the Jews who according to Israel only believers are also literal biological offspring of Satan. This would then mean one of two things. It would mean that Isaac who IS of the seed of PROMISE was ALSO a literal offspring of Satan as well in order for his offspring, Esau, to be the offspring of Satan. Or it would mean that Satan supposedly also had sex with Rebecca as well just like Satan supposedly had sex with Eve. But where is the Scriptural evidence for Satan having sex with Rebecca?

The whole doctrine of salvation for Israel ONLY is a doctrine of devils. And their claim that only the Galileans were saved is simple pour and incorrect interpretation of the Scriptures. So let us get back to the study at hand to prove that Jesus was indeed a Galilean who was also a JEW.

Please read Luke 23:5-7.

“And they were the more fierce, saying, He (Speaking of Jesus) stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, (Speaking of Jesus preaching ONLY to those of the Jewish religion. Or teaching throughout the land of Judah the southern kingdom of Israel to ONLY those of the Jewish religion. The word Jewry means both the land of Judah and the Jewish religion. Jesus came to his own people who followed the law of Moses) beginning from Galilee to THIS place.

6.  When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man (Speaking of Jesus if he) were a Galilaean.

7  And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction,(Whose jurisdiction was in Galilee) he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.”

So then, Jesus was a Galilaean simply because he LIVED in the land of Galilee. Jesus was raised in the city of Nazareth with is a city in Galilee which is in the northern kingdom of Israel.

Please read Luke 4:14-16.

“And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.

15.  And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.

16.  And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.”

This was the very BEGINNING of the ministry of Jesus which BEGAN in Galilee. And in this same context, we also see that Jesus’ OWN COUNTRY was the country surrounding the city of Capernaum which is also in Galilee. So let us continue reading the context and as you read pay close attention to WHOM Jesus is preaching.

Luke 4:17-24.

“And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,

18.  The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he has sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,

19.  To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

20.  And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.

21.  And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

22.  And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And THEY said, Is not this Joseph's son?

23.  And he said unto them, YOU will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal yourself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in your country.

24.  And he said, Verily I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country.”

Now we all know and agree that Jesus himself was a true Hebrew Israelite of the tribe of Judah because Jesus FULFILLED the PROPHECY concerning his first coming that testified of him in the Old Testament.

Please read Genesis 49:8-12.

Judah, you are he whom your brethren shall praise: your hand shall be in the neck of your enemies; your father's children shall bow down before you.

9.  Judah is a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, you are gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up?

10.  The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.

11.  Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes:

12.  His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.”

Jesus is also called the Lion of the tribe of Judah in the book of Revelation.

Revelation 5:5,6.

“And one of the elders said unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, has prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.

6.  And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.”

Jesus is the Lamb of Almighty God slain in the eyes of God before the foundation of the world who was a descendant of King David who was a descendant from the tribe of Judah. Jesus was also BORN in Bethlehem which is a town in the land of JUDAH called the city of David. Please read Luke chapter 2 but I will just quote a few verses.

Luke 2:4,5,

“And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:)

5.  To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child….

...11. For unto you is BORN this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.”

Also read Matthew 2:1-6.

“Now when Jesus was BORN in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,

2.  Saying, Where is he that is born King of the JEWS? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.

3.  When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.

4.  And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be BORN.

5.  And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet,

6.  And you Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, are not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of you shall come a Governor, that shall rule MY people ISRAEL.”

Even though Jesus was BORN in the city of David of the house of David in the land of Judah or the tribe of Judah to be born as the King of the JEWS to rule over ISRAEL Jesus was also a Galilaean as he HIMSELF testifies.

John 4:44.  

“For Jesus himself testified, that a prophet has no honor in his own country.”

And we just read in Luke where Jesus prophesied to those to whom he was preaching that THEY would say to Jesus heal yourself, physician.

Please read Luke 4:23,24 again.

“And he said unto them, YOU will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal yourself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in your country.

24.  And he said, Verily I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country.”

So Jesus himself was testifying that he was a Galilaean. But again, what does it mean to be a Galilaean? Now, those who are the salvation of Israel ONLY Christians want or need you to believe that ALL Galileans are ISRAEL ONLY and therefore to THEM the JEWS are NOT true Hebrew Israelites but rather to THEM ALL Jews are EDOMITES of the seed of Esau. Let us continue reading the context of Jesus himself testifying that he is a Galilaean.

John 4:44,45.

“For Jesus himself testified, that a prophet hath no honor in his own country.

45.  Then when he was come into Galilee, the Galilaeans received him, having seen all the things that he did at Jerusalem at the feast: for THEY also went unto the feast.

So then, both Jesus and the Galilaeans were true Hebrew Israelites BECAUSE they kept the FEAST in Jerusalem as commanded in the law of Moses which by the way is the SAME feast that the men of Judaea also kept.

Please read John 5:1.

After this there was a feast of the JEWS; and JESUS went up to Jerusalem.”

Now, WHY would Jesus who is a true Hebrew Israelite go up to Jerusalem to keep the feast of the JEWS if so be that ALL Jews are Edomite children of Satan and Judaism is supposed NOT the SAME religion of the Hebrew Israelites?

Keep reading and you will see that the feast of Passover was also called the feast of the JEWS.

John 6:4.  

“And the Passover, a feast of the JEWS, was nigh”

Keep reading and you will see that the feast of Tabernacles was also the feast of the JEWS as well.

John 7:2.  

“Now the JEW’S' feast of tabernacles was at hand.”

Now, the salvation for Israel ONLY Christians can TRY and argue that the Jews’ feast was NOT the same feast of true Hebrewism but then they will have to explain why Jesus himself kept the feast of the JEWS WITH the JEWS.

John 7:11.  

“Then the Jews sought him AT the feast, and said, Where is he?”

John 4:45.  

“Then when he was come into Galilee, the Galilaeans received him, having seen all the things that he (Jesus) did at Jerusalem at the feast: for THEY ALSO went unto the feast.”

The mere FACTS are these. Jesus kept the SAME feasts of the JEWS with the JEWS in the same city of Jerusalem as the Galilaeans ALSO kept were they saw Jesus doing miracles. So then, the same feasts on the same day in the same city of Jerusalem mean that the Galilaeans and the JEWS had the SAME religion called the religion of the Jews or the Jewish religion in the Bible.

Please read Galatians 1:13,14.

“For you have heard of my conversation in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and wasted it:

14.  And profited in the Jews' religion above many my equals in mine own nation, being more exceedingly zealous of the traditions of my fathers.”

So then, being a TRUE JEW also means being ANY true Hebrew Israelite of the seed of PROMISE who keeps the Law of Moses as their religion. BUT there were also those of the seed of Abraham through the seed of Ishmael and Esau who kept the law of Moses as well. Remember that it was those PARTICULAR Galilaeans to whom Jesus prophesied that THEY would say to Jesus, Physician heal yourself. So let us see who these Galileans were who fulfilled this prophecy of Jesus.

Please read Matthew 27:22-43.

“Pilate said unto THEM, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? THEY ALL all say unto him, Let him be crucified.

23.  And the governor said, Why, what evil has he done? But THEY cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.

24.  When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see YOU to it.

25.  Then answered ALL the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.

26.  Then released he Barabbas unto them: (Speaking of the Hebrew Israelite people who desired the Roman soldiers to crucify Jesus) and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified. (This is NOT to say that every single Hebrew Israelite desired to have Jesus crucified because many Jews BELIEVED that Jesus was their Messiah)

27.  Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers. (So verse 27 through verse 37 are speaking of the Roman soldiers mocking Jesus)

28.  And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe.

29.  And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!

30.  And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head.

31.  And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him.

32.  And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.

33.  And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull,

34.  They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink.

35.  And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.

36.  And sitting down they watched him there;

37.  And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

38. Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left.

39.  And THEY that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads,

40.  And saying, You that destroy the temple, and build it in three days, save yourself. If you be the Son of God, come down from the cross. (The Greek word translated as “save” here in this verse in the same Greek word “sozo” that is translated as “heal” yourself in the prophecy given to the GALILAEANS who Jesus said the THEY would say to him, Physician heal or “sozo” yourself. Now since Jesus was sent ONLY to the lost sheep of Isreal then ONLY the lost sheep of Israel were told by Jesus that the temple of his body would be destroyed and raised up again in three days. So then, let us now see WHO these Galilaeans were to whom Jesus said, destroy this temple and I will raise it up in three days. John 2:18-21, “Then answered the JEWS and said unto him, What SIGN show you unto us, seeing that you do these things?

19.  Jesus answered and said unto THEM, (Speaking of the JEWS, the Galilaeans along with other Jews of the Jewish religion of the lost sheep of Israel) Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.

20.  Then said the JEWS, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days?

21.  But he spake of the temple of his body.” So then, the people who passed by that were mocking Jesus saying save yourself were the JEWS and some of those JEWS were Galilaeans because Jesus prophesied to THEM saying that THEY would say to him heal or “sozo” or save yourself. And of those Galilaeans MAY have been some who were of the seed of Ishmael and Esau. ALL the children of Abraham were all mingled together throughout both the northern kingdom and the southern kingdom)

41.  Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders, said,

42.  He saved (Or “sozo” or healed) others; himself he cannot save (SOZO). If he be the King of ISRAEL, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him. (Jesus being the King of the JEWS means the exact same thing as Jesus being the King of ISRAEL because the true Jews are true Hebrew Israelites of the seed of JACOB. But there were ALSO some children of Abraham who kept the Jewish Hebrew religion to follow the Torah and the law of Moses that were NOT of the seed of PROMISE.)

43.  He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God.”

Now, it should be clear to most of my readers that the problem of interpretation by the salvation for Israel only Christians is with their interpretation claiming that ALL Jews are Edomites who are NOT of the seed of PROMISE. And thus they wrongly concluding that not one single Jew can be a TRUE Hebrew Israelite. And one of the verses that they use is where Jesus calls those who CLAIM that they are Jews to be of the synagogue of Satan.

Please read Revelation 3:9.

“Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which SAY they are Jews, and are NOT, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before your feet, and to know that I have loved you.”

Now since Jesus is speaking to the churches let me re-phrase this verse a couple of different ways so that you can see what Jesus is saying.

Revelation 3:9 Paraphrased.

“Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which SAY they are TRUE CHRISTIANS and are NOT TRUE CHRISTIANS, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before your feet, and to know that I have loved you.”

Revelation 3:9 Paraphrased.

“Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which SAY they are TRUE JEWS, and are NOT JEWS, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before your feet, and to know that I have loved you.”

Revelation 3:9 Paraphrased.

“Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which SAY they are TRUE SEED of PROMISE, and are NOT of the TRUE SEED of PROMISE, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before your feet, and to know that I have loved you.”

In other words, there are some who SAY that they are Christians but they are NOT true born-again Christians. And in the same way, there are those of the seed of Abraham who SAY that they are the TRUE chosen people of God but they are NOT the TRUE JEWS but rather they are of the seed of Ishmael and Esau. You see dear children of God, in order for there to be COUNTERFEIT or FAKE Jews there must be TRUE Jews. And, therefore, Jesus will say to those who CLAIM to be the true chosen people of PROMISE but they are NOT of the seed of promise and do lie that they are of the synagogue or of the school of Satan. And to ME, these fake Jews, so to speak, are the Muslims who follow the school or teachings of Muhammad and their religion of Islam.

Jesus was speaking to a group of JEWS where SOME believed and some did NOT believe his teachings. And to those Jews who BELIEVED Jesus called them his DISCIPLES if they continue in his word. But to those Jews who did not believe his teachings, he called THEM, speaking of the unbelieving Jews, the children of Satan. Let us now read John 8:44 in its CONTEXT.

John 8:30-48.

“As he spake these words, many believed on him.

31.  Then said Jesus to those JEWS which believed on him, If you continue in my word, then are you my disciples indeed;

32.  And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.

33.  They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how say you, You shall be made free? (These particular Jews misunderstood what Jesus was saying to them concerning being in bondage to SIN and they thought Jesus was talking about physical bondage, as in, being captives and slaves of their enemies. Now either these “particular” Jews lied about being captives of war or they were not of the seed of PROMISE. In other words, these PARTICULAR Jews were of the seed of Ishmael and Esau because ALL the TRUE Jews of the seed of promise were in bondage at one time or another. But Jesus is talking about the bondage of SIN)

34.  Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever commits sin is the servant of sin. (Or SLAVE of sin)

35.  And the servant abides not in the house for ever: but the Son abides ever.

36.  If the Son therefore shall make you free, you shall be free indeed.

37.  I KNOW that you are Abraham's seed; BUT you seek to KILL me, because my word has no place in you.

38.  I speak that which I have seen with my Father: and you do that which you have seen with your father. (In other words, their seeking to KILL Jesus is NOT a work of our TRUE Father but rather killing or murder is the WORK of Satan)

39.  They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus said unto them, If you were Abraham's children, you would do the WORKS of Abraham.

40.  BUT now you seek to KILL me, (Which is the WORK of Satan. Your desire is to MURDER) a man that has told you the TRUTH, which I have heard of God: this did NOT Abraham.

41.  You do the DEEDS of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God.

42.  Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would LOVE me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me.

43.  Why do ye not understand my speech? (That by you WORKS you show whose father you are of. Whoever you yeild yourself to obey his servant you are. If you do good you are of God and if you do evil you are of Satan. How can you not understand my words?) Even because you cannot hear my word.

44.  You are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father you will DO. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.

45.  And because I tell you the truth, you believe me not.

46.  Which of you convinces me of sin? And if I say the truth, why do you not believe me?

47.  He that is of God heard God's words: you therefore hear them not, because you are not of God.

48.  Then answered the JEWS, and said unto him, Say we not well that you are a Samaritan, and have a devil?”

Now, the reason that I myself believe that SOME of the Jews were of the seed of Ishmael and Esau is that Jesus also said in John that the particular Jews who did NOT believe that they would believe ANOTHER prophet who would come after Jesus. And I believe that other prophet to be the prophet, Muhammad. And those who follow Muhammad are of the lineage of Ishmael and Esau.

Please read John 5:42,43.

“But I know you (Or I perceive of you), that you have NOT the LOVE of God in you.

43.  I am come in my Father's name, and you receive me not: if ANOTHER shall come in his own name, him you will receive.”

And this is exactly what happened with those of the seed of Abraham through the seed of Ishmael and Esau. They believed another prophet, the prophet Muhammad. And Muslims sincerely believe that because they are of the seed of Ishmael, the FIRSTBORN son of Abraham, that THEY are the TRUE seed of PROMISE. Some Muslims believe that the Jews have corrupted the Bible to change the seed of promise coming through JACOB and NOT through Ishmael.

Jesus is teaching us that it is the HATE and the PRIDE that makes people the child of the Devil. That is how Jesu knew that they were NOT of God. He went on to tell them that if they truly believed Moses then they would also believe the teaching of him because Moses prophesied of the Messiah being raised up first as a prophet among his own people to then become the Saviour of Israel.

Now, the closest bloodline relatives of Jesus are the descendant of the tribe of JUDAH and this is why Jesus says that salvation is OF the JEWS. Please read John 4:22 form several translations where Jesus himself says that salvation is OF the JEWS.

Here is John 4:22 from the King James Version.

“You (Speaking of the Samaritans) worship you know not what: WE know what WE worship: for salvation is OF the JEWS.”

Here is John 4:22 from the American Standard Version.

“You worship that which you know not: WE worship that which WE know; for salvation is FROM the JEWS.”

Here is John 4:22 from the Bible in Basic English.

“You give worship, but without knowledge of what you are worshipping: WE give worship to what WE have knowledge of: for salvation COMES FROM the JEWS.”

Here is John 4:22 from the New Century Version.

“You Samaritans worship something you don't understand. WE understand what WE worship, BECAUSE salvation COMES FROM the JEWS.”

Here is John 4:22 from the New Living Translation.

“You Samaritans know very little about the one you worship, while WE JEWS know all about him, FOR (Or BECAUSE) salvation COMES THROUGH the JEWS.”


So then, Jesus HIMSELF is saying that he is a JEW. But we also know that Jesus identifies himself as being one of the children of ISRAEL by saying hear O ISRAEL OUR God is one Lord. Jesus was of the tribe of Judah which is one of the twelve tribes of the children of ISRAEL but yet Jesus also called himself a JEW. So according to the Bible itself, a TRUE JEW is indeed a Hebrew Israelite. And salvation came THROUGH the tribe of JUDAH being one of the twelve tribes of ISRAEL.

Please read Mark 12:29.

“And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord OUR God is one Lord:”


Now read Acts 7:37.


“This is that Moses, which said unto the children of ISREAL, A PHROPHET shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of YOUR BRETHREN, like unto me; him shall you hear.”


Then in Acts 3, we can clearly see that Jesus is that PROPHET, whom God promised ISRAEL, that he would raise up to be their Savior.


Acts 3:20-23.


And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you:

21.  Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God has spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began.

22.  For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall you hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you.

23.  And it shall come to pass, that every soul, which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people.”


Now anyone with eyes to see and ears to hear can clearly see that Jesus was BORN a JEW to become the King of the JEWS the King of ISRAEL. We can also see that Jesus was raised up in the city of Nazareth in Galilee and that is why Jesus is also called a Galilaean. So then being a Galilaean does NOT mean that it is impossible for a Galilaean to be a JEW because Jesus was BOTH a Galilaean AND a JEW.

And anyone with eyes to see and ears to hear can also see that the Bible identifies Peter and being both a Galilaean AND a JEW. We have already seen from Acts1:11 and Acts 2:7 that Peter was a Galilaean. So now let us look at some verses where Peter is called a JEW.


Please read Galatians 2:14-16.  


“But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If YOU, being a JEW, (And YOU yourself) live after the manner of Gentiles, and NOT as DO the Jews, why compel you the Gentiles to live as do the JEWS?

15.  WE who are JEWS by nature, (Or we speaking of all the apostles of Jesus including Peter to who he is speaking as being natural BORN JEWS) and not sinners of the Gentiles,

16.  Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.”

We also know that Paul was a JEW as well who was a HEBREW of Hebrews born of the tribe of Benjamin. And we also know that the RELIGION of Paul is called the religion of the JEWS in the Bible and the SAME religion that the Galilaean ALSO kept.

Please read Galatians 1:13.13 again.

“For you have heard of my conversation in time past in the Jews' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church of God, and wasted it:

14.  And profited in the Jews' religion above many my equals in mine OWN nation, being more exceedingly zealous of the traditions of my fathers.”

And we also know that the Bible itself teaches us that ALL the children of ISRAEL of the twelve tribes of Israel are called JEWS.

Please read Acts 13:13-16.

“But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went INTO the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and sat down.

15.  And after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers of the synagogue sent unto them, saying, You men and brethren, if you have any word of exhortation for the people, say on.

16. Then Paul stood up, and beckoning with his hand said, Men of Israel, and you that fear God, give audience.”


Here we see Paul who was a JEW or the JEWISH religion going into the Synagogue to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ to the men of ISRAEL. Paul continues to IDENTIFY to whom he is preaching throughout the entire context. Please see the following verses.

Acts 13:17.


“The God of this people of Israel chose OUR fathers, (So Paul was including himself as being a Hebrew Israelite and thus one of the children of ISRAEL along with THOSE IN the synagogue to whom he was preaching the Gospel of Jesus Christ) and exalted the people when they dwelt as strangers in the land of Egypt, and with an high arm brought he them out of it.”

Acts 13:23.

“Of this man's seed has God according to his promise raised unto ISRAEL a Savior, Jesus:”

Acts 13:24.

“When John had first preached before his coming the baptism of repentance to ALL the people of Israel.”

Now skip down to verse 26 where Paul again IDENTIFIES to whom he is preaching the Gospel of Jesus Christ.


“Men and brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you fears God, to YOU is the word of this salvation sent.”

All the way through the entire context of Paul preaching the gospel in the synagogue he is bringing this word of salvation to the children of ISRAEL. Now skip down to verse 42 of this SAME context where Paul again IDENTIFIES those to whom has just finished preaching the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

Act 13:42,43.  

“And when the JEWS were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next Sabbath.   

43. Now when the congregation was broken up, many of the JEWS AND religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God.”

So then, Paul clearly identifies ALL the men of ISRAEL as being JEWS. Also, we clearly see that there were some PROSELYTES among the natural born children of Israel as well. A proselyte is someone who is not a Hebrew by birth but has BECOME a follower of Yahweh by being CIRCUMCISED. Please read the study “WAS JESUS A JEW?” for all the verses that proved that anyone can become a JEW of the JEWISH religion by be circumcised.


We know that Jesus preached the kingdom of God all around the sea of Galilee to the Galilaeans but that is NOT the only area that Jesus was sent to the lost sheep of ISRAEL. Jesus also preached the kingdom of God all over the land of Judah and in the city of Jerusalem which is the capital city of the lower kingdom of Judah.


Please read Matthew 4:23-25.


“And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness and all manner of disease among the people.

24.  And his fame went throughout all Syria: and they brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those that had the palsy; and he healed them.

25.  And there followed him great multitudes of people from Galilee, and from Decapolis, and from Jerusalem, and from Judaea, and from beyond Jordan.”


Matthew 19:1.  

“And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these sayings, he departed from Galilee, and came into the coasts of Judaea beyond Jordan;”

Luk 5:17.  

“And it came to pass on a certain day, as he was teaching, that there were Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by, which were come out of every town of Galilee, and Judaea, and Jerusalem: and the power of the Lord was present to heal them.”

This proves that not ALL Galilaeans dwelt in the northern kingdom of Israel because Jesus had disciples from all over BOTH kingdoms of Israel. In other words, Jesus was sent ONLY to the lost sheep of ISREAL who were scattered all over the whole land of Israel in both the northern and the southern kingdoms. But just because Jesus HIMSELF was only sent to the lost sheep of Israel does NOT mean that the disciples of Jesus were sent ONLY to the lost sheep of Isreal.

Yes, the disciples of Jesus were told to preach the gospel to the JEWS first but when the children of Israel as a whole rejected Jesus and their Messiah then God turned to the Gentiles who were never a people of God.

Again, Peter who was a Hebrew Israelite ALSO called himself a JEW.

Acts 10:28.  

“And he said unto them, You know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a JEW to keep company, or come unto one of another nation; BUT God has showed ME that I should not call any man common or unclean.”

Peter also called the men of Israel JEWS.

Acts 2:5.  

“And there were dwelling at Jerusalem JEWS, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.”

These Jews who were born in other countries traveled to Jerusalem to celebrate the feast of weeks and the day of Pentecost. And there were some who BECAME Jews that are called PROSELYTES.

Acts 2:10.

“Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes,”

And some of those present hearing the first sermon being preached by Peter on the day of Pentecost to ONLY the JEWS were men from Judaea. So this teaches us that the men of Galilee had the same religion and law of Moses as the men of Judaea

Act 2:14.  

“But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, You men of JUDAEA, and all you that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:”

Then Peter IDENTIFIES these SAME men who were called JEWS and men of Judaea as being men of ISREAL in verse 22 of the same context.

Act 2:22.  

You men of ISRAEL, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as you yourselves also know:”


Now if so be that salvation is for Israel ONLY then why does the Bible itself say that salvation is to EVERYONE who BELIEVES to the JEW FIRST and THEN ALSO to the GENTILES and does not even mention the word ISRAEL?


Romans 1:16.  


“For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to EVERYONE that BELIEVES; to the Jew first, and ALSO to the Greek.”


It does not mention ISRAEL because this is NOT the only verse in the Bible and neither is Matthew 15:24 the only verse in the Bible. But that is the way the salvation for Israel ONLY Christians treat Matthew 15:24.


Matthew 15:24.


“But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”


The doctrine of salvation for Israel ONLY is a doctrine of devils because it wrongly teaches that Jesus died for the sin of Israel ONLY and NOT for the sins of the WHOLE world. This salvation for Israel only doctrine is just another form of Calvinism and predeterminism teaching but even WORSE because it is a RACIST doctrine claiming that Jesus only died for a SINGLE RACE of people. There is the salvation for Israel only Christians who are Black Africans. And there is also the salvation only Christians that are white Caucasian people.

But thanks be to God that Jesus died on the cross for ALL races of people so the WHOSOEVER of any human being of ANY race of people who BELIEVES in Jesus might be saved.


Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies that I gave links to throughout this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below along with all the studies that I have on this subject. Also, below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.

Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

Brother Mark.




Some Christians CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's day.

Please read all the studies linked within this study and all the studies linked below. This study was just the TIP of the iceberg of exposing the ERRORS of interpretation made by the Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping churches, and the Sunday first day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians. All of the studies listed below can be sent to a brother or sister caught up in the Hebrew Roots Movement or a Sabbath-keeping church by sending them this one link “>>>WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?<<<”

Or you can pick and choose any of the links below to send to them or read for yourself. Be sure to read the HISTORICAL evidence if you have not already done so. I post the SAME historical evidence at the end of almost every study on this subject of the Sabbath day. But if you want to read it again you may see something that did not stand out before.














“HAS GOD'S LAW BEEN ABOLISHED? (Matthew 5:17-19)”

















Again, some Christians make the CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's Day.

Here is a NON BIAS historical account found in a letter from Pliny the Younger to Trojan concerning the Christians.

Pliny was a Roman who persecuted and killed Christians, so again this is a historical NON BIAS account of WHEN Christians gathered together.

Here is what Pliny says in his letter to Trojan. The EMPHASIS and comments in parenthesis are my own:

“That they were WONT (Or as they were ACCUSTOMED and USED to do, or in the HABIT of doing)on a STATED day (Or on a CERTAIN preset day)to meet together BEFORE IT WAS LIGHT, and to sing a hymn to Christ, as to a god, alternately; and to oblige themselves by a sacrament [or oath], not to do anything that was ill: but that they would commit no theft, or pilfering, or adultery; that they would not break their promises, or deny what was deposited with them, when it was required back again; after which it was their CUSTOM to depart, AND to meet AGAIN at a common but innocent meal,(So after they had worship service early morning beginning before day light, they would depart and they come back together later that same day to share a common simple meal together and most likely break bread together as other early church writers give more detail) which they had left off upon that edict which I published at your command, and wherein I had forbidden any such conventicles (Or religious meetings).”

Below are some quotes of early church writers that clearly teach us that the early church did NOT keep the Sabbath day, as in, on SATURDAY, the 7th day of the week, but rather the early church throughout history from it's beginning worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, which is sometimes referred to as the EIGHTH day of the week or the day AFTER the Sabbath day, or the LORD'S DAY. (The emphasis is mine in these quotes given below):

The year AD or date is given first and then the source is given at the end followed by the quote from that historical source. The Apostle John was still alive until 100 AD.

#1. 90 AD DIDACHE:

"Christian Assembly on the Lord's Day:

1. But every Lord's day do ye gather yourselves together, and break bread, and give thanksgiving after having confessed your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure.

2. But let no one that is at variance with his fellow come together with you, until they be reconciled, that your sacrifice may not be profaned.

3. For this is that which was spoken by the Lord: In every place and time offer to me a pure sacrifice; for I am a great King, saith the Lord, and my name is wonderful among the nations." (Didache: The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, Chapter XIV)

#2. 100 AD BARNABAS:

"We keep the eighth day [Sunday] with joyfulness, the day also on which Jesus rose again from the dead" (The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD 15:6-8).

#3. 100 AD BARNABAS:

Moreover, God says to the Jews, 'Your new moons and Sabbaths I cannot endure.' You see how he says, 'The present Sabbaths are not acceptable to me, but the Sabbath which I have made in which, when I have rested [heaven: Heb 4] from all things, I will make the beginning of the eighth day which is the beginning of another world.' Wherefore we Christians keep the eighth day for joy, on which also Jesus arose from the dead and when he appeared ascended into heaven. (15:8f, The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, pg. 147)

#4. 110 AD Pliny:

They were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a god, and bound themselves by a solemn oath not to (do) any wicked deeds, never to commit any fraud, theft, or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up; after which it was their custom to separate, and then reassemble to partake of good food—but food of an ordinary and innocent kind. (About three years after the death of Ignatius in 250, an important official communication was sent from one Pliny to Trojan the Roman emperor. Pliny, the Roman governor of Bithynia, wrote of the Christians who had been congregating there probably from at least A.D. 62 onwards. In this remark, it is explicitly stated that these early Christians observed the substance of most of the Ten Commandments, and it is implied that they observed all ten as far as they were able to do so. As far as they were able, for as most of the early Christians were of slave stock or from other lower classes'-, and those who had heathen masters or employers—the vast majority—would be forced to work on THEIR day of rest, which was unfortunately an official working day throughout the empires' until Constantine's "Sabbath" Edict in 321 A.D. gave them some measure of public protection. Hence one reads that after meeting "on a certain FIXED day before it was light", the first century Bithynian Christians had "to separate"—many of them having to labor for their masters and/or employers from dawn to dusk—"and then reassemble to partake of . . . food". The "certain fixed day" [stato die"'] on which the Christians met, is regarded by Seventh-day Adventists as Saturday'-. Certainly, the expression would seem to indicate a regular day of meeting, probably each week. But Sunday is FAR more likely to have been the "certain fixed day" than Saturday. For if Pliny had been referring to the old Saturday Sabbath, as a Roman he would doubtless have referred to the "later" meeting first and only then to the morning meeting on the day after the "certain fixed day", seeing that the old Saturday Sabbath was demarcated from the evening of one day to the evening of the following day. But Pliny makes no such reference. Instead, he mentions that the pre-dawn meeting took place first—and only afterward, the later meeting; and that both meetings took place on the SAME "certain fixed day". This rather points to the Roman (and—more importantly!—New Testament) midnight to midnight demarcation of modern Sunday-keepers than to the evening to evening demarcation of the Jews and the Seventh-day Adventists.) (The Covenantal Sabbath, Francis Nigel Lee, Pg 242)

Also, I myself will further add to the comment of the writer above that mere common sense plainly teaches us that Pliny was clearly speaking of SUNDAY because the LAW that Constantine passed was not to mandate work on SUNDAY, so that these Christians could worship God on SUNDAY. So the CLAIM by the Seventh Day Advent church that the fixed day of worship for Christians was a Saturday is FALSE. Otherwise, Constantine would have made it a law that employers allow Christians off for work on a Saturday rather than on a Sunday. 

This PROVES beyond any shadow of a doubt that the Christians were ALREADY worshiping God on SUNDAY, the FIRST DAY of the week from the very beginning of the church on the day of Pentecost. The truth of the matter is that Constantine only made it easier for Christians to worship God on Sunday without being persecuted by their employers or owners by passing the EDICT making it a LAW to force heathen employers to let their employees have at least some time off from work so that they could worship God on SUNDAY. 

Every Sabbath keeper will AGREE that Constantine's “SABBATH” is referring to SUNDAY as the day of the week and NOT as Saturday being the REST for Christians. Again, all that Constantine did was to pass a law making it EASIER for Christians to worship on the DAY that they had ALREADY been worshiping on since the very beginning, at the DAY of PENTECOST, which is on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week that Christian called the LORD'S day, the day our Lord rose from the grave. 

Open your EYES dear child of God and read what these early church writings are teaching us about the EARLIEST believers as to which day the early church worshiped God. SUNDAY has ALWAYS been the Sabbath or the day of REST of the early church and the church throughout its entire history.


-I [Christ] have come into being on the eighth day which is the day of the Lord. (18)

#6. 150 AD JUSTIN.

"He then speaks of those Gentiles, namely us, who in every place offer sacrifices to Him, i.e., the bread of the Eucharist, and also the cup of the Eucharist, affirming both that we glorify His name, and that you profane [it]. The command of circumcision, again, bidding [them] always circumcise the children on the eighth day, was a type of the true circumcision, by which we are circumcised from deceit and iniquity through Him who rose from the dead on the first day AFTER the Sabbath, [namely through] our Lord Jesus Christ. For the first day after the Sabbath, remaining the first of all the days, is called, however, the eighth, according to the number of all the days of the cycle, and [yet] remains the first." (Justin, Dialogue 41:4)

#7. 150 AD JUSTIN:

...those who have persecuted and do persecute Christ, if they do not repent, shall not inherit anything on the holy mountain. But the Gentiles, who have believed on Him, and have repented of the sins which they have committed, they shall receive the inheritance along with the patriarchs and the prophets, and the just men who are descended from Jacob, even although they neither keep the Sabbath, nor are circumcised, nor observe the feasts. Assuredly they shall receive the holy inheritance of God. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 207)

#8. 150 AD JUSTIN:

But if we do not admit this, we shall be liable to fall into foolish opinion, as if it were not the same God who existed in the times of Enoch and all the rest, who neither were circumcised after the flesh, nor observed Sabbaths, nor any other rites, seeing that Moses enjoined such observances... For if there was no need of circumcision before Abraham, or of the observance of Sabbaths, of feasts and sacrifices, before Moses; no more need is there of them now, after that, according to the will of God, Jesus Christ the Son of God has been born without sin, of a virgin sprung from the stock of Abraham. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 206)

#9. 150 AD JUSTIN:

Moreover, all those righteous men already mentioned [after mentioning Adam. Abel, Enoch, Lot, Noah, Melchizedek, and Abraham], though they kept no Sabbaths, were pleasing to God; and after them Abraham with all his descendants until Moses... And you [fleshly Jews] were commanded to keep Sabbaths, that you might retain the memorial of God. For His word makes this announcement, saying, "That you may know that I am God who redeemed you." (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 204)

#10. 150 AD JUSTIN.

There is no other thing for which you blame us, my friends, is there than this? That we do not live according to the Law, nor, are we circumcised in the flesh as your forefathers, nor do we observe the Sabbath as you do. (Dialogue with Trypho 10:1. In verse 3 the Jew Trypho acknowledges that Christians 'do not keep the Sabbath.')

#11. 155 AD Justin Martyr:

"[W]e too would observe the fleshly circumcision, and the Sabbaths, and in short all the feasts, if we did not know for what REASON they were enjoined [on] you--namely, on account of your transgressions and the hardness of your heart. . . . [H]ow is it, Trypho, that we would not observe those rites which do not harm us--I speak of fleshly circumcision AND Sabbaths AND feasts? . . . God enjoined you [Jews] to keep the Sabbath and impose on you other precepts for a sign, as I have already said, on account of your unrighteousness and that of your fathers" (Dialogue with Trypho the Jew 18, 21).

#12. 180 AD ACTS OF PETER:

Paul had often contended with the Jewish teachers and had confuted them (Or refuted them completely), saying 'it is Christ on whom your fathers laid hands. He abolished their Sabbath and fasts and festivals and circumcision.' (1: I)-2


Early in the morning when (the Sabbath dawned, a multitude from Jerusalem and the surrounding country came to see the scaled sepulcher. In the night in which the Lord's day dawned, while the soldiers in pairs for each watch were keeping guard, a great voice came from heaven. [There follows an account of the resurrection. Early in the morning of the Lord's day Mary Magdalene, a disciple of the Lord .... came to the sepulcher. (9:34f.; 12:50f.)


(in commenting on each of the Ten Commandments and their Christian meaning:) The seventh day is proclaimed a day of rest, PREPARING by abstention from evil FOR the Primal day, our TRUE rest. (Ibid. VII. xvi. 138.1)

I will add that the meaning of the word “Primal” means an “ARCHETYPAL” which means an original TYPE pointing to the TRUE. So this early church writer is saying what Paul teaches us in scripture that the things in the OLD Testament are TYPES and SHADOWS or the TRUE which was to come. Jesus became our SABBATH, and we have entered into our REST being in Jesus Christ. The SABBATH was an ARCHETYPAL pointing toward our TRUE REST which was to come being FULFILLED in the ATONEMENT of Jesus.


He does the commandment according to the Gospel and keeps the Lord's day, whenever he puts away an evil mind . . . glorifying the Lord's resurrection in himself. (Ibid. Vii.xii.76.4)


Plato prophetically speaks of the Lord's day in the tenth book of the Republic, in these words: 'And when seven days have passed to each of them in the meadow, on the eighth they must go on." (Miscellanies V.xiv.106.2)


Wherever we are, we are all called after the one name of Christ Christians. On one day, the first of the week, we assemble ourselves together (On Fate)


"We solemnize the day AFTER Saturday in contradistinction to those who call this day their Sabbath" (Tertullian's Apology, Ch 16)

In other words, Tertullian is saying that we Christians DISTINGUISH us from the JEWS who hold Saturday as THEIR Sabbath by solemnizing or referencing the day AFTER Saturday as our day of worship and rest.


It follows, accordingly, that, in so far as the abolition of carnal circumcision and of the old law is demonstrated as having been consummated at its specific times, so also the observance of the Sabbath is demonstrated to have been temporary. (An Answer to the Jews 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 155)


Let him who contends that the Sabbath is still to be observed a balm of salvation, and circumcision on the eighth day because of the threat of death, teach us that in earliest times righteous men kept Sabbath or practiced circumcision, and so were made friends of God. .. ...Therefore, since God originated Adam uncircumcised, and inobservant of the Sabbath, consequently his offspring also, Abel, offering Him sacrifices, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was by Him commended... Noah also, uncircumcised - yes, and inobservant of the Sabbath - God freed from the deluge. For Enoch, too, most righteous man, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, He translated from this world... Melchizedek also, "the priest of most high God," uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was chosen to the priesthood of God. (An Answer to the Jews 2:10; 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 153)


Others . . . suppose that the sun is the god of the Christians because it is well-known that we regard Sunday as a day of joy. (To the Nations 1: 133)

Keep in mind that this was well BEFORE Constantine SUPPOSEDLY CHANGED the day of rest and worship to Sunday as the Seventh Day Adventist church CLAIMS. But in TRUTH, Christians had ALREADY been worshiping God on Sunday, the FIRST day of the week that they also called the Lord’s Day, the day that our Lord and Savior Jesus rose from the dead. 

So, as early as Tertullian in 200 AD there were groups of JEWS and Christian JEWS who ASSUMED or who SUPPOSED, or who FALSELY ACCUSED Christians of worshiping God on SUNDAY that they were worshiping a sun god and not the true God.


To us Sabbaths are foreign. (On Idolatry, 14:6)4

#23. 220 AD ORIGEN:

"On Sunday none of the actions of the world should be done. If then, you abstain from all the works of this world and keep yourselves free for spiritual things, go to church, listen to the readings and divine homilies, meditate on heavenly things. (Homil. 23 in Numeros 4, PG 12:749)

#24. 220 AD Origen:

"Hence it is not possible that the [day of] rest after the Sabbath should have come into existence from the seventh [day] of our God. On the contrary, it is our Savior who, after the pattern of his own rest, caused us to be made in the likeness of his death, and hence also of his resurrection" (Commentary on John 2:28).

#25. 225 AD The Didascalia:

"The apostles further appointedOn the first day of the week let there be service, and the reading of the Holy Scriptures, and the oblation, because on the first day of the week our Lord rose from the place of the dead, and on the first day of the week he arose upon the world, and on the first day of the week he ascended up to heaven, and on the first day of the week he will appear at last with the angels of heaven" (Didascalia 2).

And I add further that the church BEGAN on the day of Pentecost, on a SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week. The early church evidence and the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible, make it quite clear that the early church worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, called the LORD'S day and that they did NOT KEEP the Sabbath day as the JEWS.

#26. 250 AD CYPRIAN:

The eight day, that is, the first day after the Sabbath, and the Lord's Day." (Epistle 58, Sec 4)

#27. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

"If, therefore, those who were brought up in the ancient order of things have come to the possession of a new hope, no longer observing the Sabbath, but living in the observance of the Lord's Day, on which also our life has sprung up again by Him and by His death-whom some deny, by which mystery we have obtained faith, and therefore endure, that we may be found the disciples of Jesus Christ, our only Master-how shall we be able to live apart from Him, whose disciples the prophets themselves in the Spirit did wait for Him as their Teacher? And therefore He whom they rightly waited for, being come, raised them from the dead. If, then, those who were conversant with the ancient Scriptures came to newness of hope, expecting the coming of Christ, as the Lord teaches us when He says, "If ye had believed Moses, ye would have believed Me, for he wrote of Me; " and again, "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad; for before Abraham was, I am; " how shall we be able to live without Him? The prophets were His servants, and foresaw Him by the Spirit, and waited for Him as their Teacher, and expected Him as their Lord and Saviour, saying, "He will come and save us." Let us therefore NO longer keep the Sabbath after the Jewish manner, and rejoice in days of idleness; for "he that does not work, let him not eat." For say the [holy] oracles, "In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat thy bread." But let every one of you keep the Sabbath after a spiritual manner, rejoicing in meditation on the law, NOT in relaxation of the body, admiring the workmanship of God, and not eating things prepared the day before, nor using lukewarm drinks, and walking within a prescribed space, nor finding delight in dancing and plaudits which have no sense in them. And after the observance of the Sabbath, let every friend of Christ keep the Lord's Day as a festival, the resurrection-day, the queen and chief of all the days [of the week]. Looking forward to this, the prophet declared, "To the end, for the eighth day," on which our life both sprang up again, and the victory over death was obtained in Christ, whom the children of perdition, the enemies of the Saviour, deny, "whose god is their belly, who mind earthly things," who are "lovers of pleasure, and not lovers of God, having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof." These make merchandise of Christ, corrupting His word, and giving up Jesus to sale: they are corrupters of women, and covetous of other men's possessions, swallowing up wealth insatiably; from whom may ye be delivered by the mercy of God through our Lord Jesus Christ! (Epistle of Ignatius to the Magnesians, Chapter IX)

#28. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

"On the day of the preparation, then, at the third hour, He received the sentence from Pilate, the Father permitting that to happen; at the sixth hour He was crucified; at the ninth hour He gave up the ghost; and before sunset He was buried. During the Sabbath He continued under the earth in the tomb in which Joseph of Arimathaea had laid Him. At the dawning of the Lord's day He arose from the dead, according to what was spoken by Himself, "As Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of man also be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. "The day of the preparation, then, comprises the passion; the Sabbath embraces the burial; the Lord's Day contains the resurrection." (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians, chapter 9)

#29. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

If anyone fasts on the Lord's Day or on the Sabbath, except on the paschal Sabbath only, he is a murderer of Christ. (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Philippians, chapter 8)

#30. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

"This [custom], of not bending the knee upon Sunday, is a symbol of the resurrection, through which we have been set free, by the grace of Christ, from sins, and from death, which has been put to death under Him. Now this custom took its rise from apostolic times, as the blessed Irenaeus, the martyr and bishop of Lyons, declares in his treatise On Easter, in which he makes mention of Pentecost also; upon which [feast] we do not bend the knee, because it is of equal significance with the Lord's day, for the reason already alleged concerning it." (Ignatius, Fragments)

#31. 300 AD Victorinus:

"The sixth day [Friday] is called parasceve, that is to say, the preparation of the kingdom. . . . On this day also, on account of the passion of the Lord Jesus Christ, we make either a station to God or a fast. On the seventh day, he rested from all his works, and blessed it, and sanctified it. On the former day, we are accustomed to fast rigorously, that on the Lord's day we may go forth to our bread with giving of thanks. And let the parasceve become a rigorous fast, lest we should APPEAR to observe ANY Sabbath with the Jews . . . which Sabbath he [Christ] in his body ABOLISHED" (The Creation of the World).

#32. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:

"They did not, therefore, regard circumcision, NOR observe the Sabbath NEITHER do we; ... because such things as these do NOT belong to Christians" (Ecc. Hist., Book 1, Ch. 4)

#33. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:

[The Ebionites] were accustomed to observe the Sabbath and other Jewish customs but on the Lord's days to celebrate the same practices as we in remembrance of the resurrection of the Savior. (Church History Ill.xxvii.5)

I will also add that the Ebionites were Christians who were seduced by the Jews to keep the Jewish customs. In other words, the Ebionites were Judaized Christians. The Ebionites also taught the need to be circumcised in the flesh in order to be saved. Some today would not even consider Ebionites as being true Christians since they went back to trusting the Law of Moses to be saved.

#34. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:

"They [the pre- Mosaic saints of the Old Testament] did not care about circumcision of the body, neither do we [Christians]. They did not care about observing Sabbaths, nor do we. They did not avoid certain kinds of food, neither did they regard the other distinctions which Moses first delivered to their posterity to be observed as symbolsnor do Christians of the present day do such things" (Church History 1:4:8).

#35. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:

"The day of his [Christ's] light . . . was the day of his resurrection from the dead, which they say, as being the one and only truly holy day and the Lord's day, is better than any number of days as we ordinarily understand them, and better than the days set apart by the Mosaic Law for feasts, new moons, and Sabbaths, which the Apostle [Paul] teaches are the shadow of days and not days in reality" (Proof of the Gospel 4:16:186).

#36. 345 AD Athanasius:

"The Sabbath was the end of the first creation, the Lord's day was the beginning of the second, in which he renewed and restored the old in the same way as he prescribed that they should formerly observe the Sabbath as a memorial of the end of the first things, so we honor the Lord's day as being the memorial of the new creation" (On Sabbath and Circumcision 3).


Be not careless of yourselves, neither deprive your Saviour of His own members, neither divide His body nor disperse His members, neither prefer the occasions of this life to the word of God; but assemble yourselves together every day, morning and evening, singing psalms and praying in the Lord's house: in the morning saying the sixty-second Psalm, and in the evening the hundred and fortieth, but principally on the Sabbath-day. And on the day of our Lord's resurrection, which is the Lord's day, meet more diligently, sending praise to God that made the universe by Jesus, and sent Him to us, and condescended to let Him suffer, and raised Him from the dead. Otherwise what apology will he make to God who does not assemble on that day to hear the saving word concerning the resurrection, on which we pray thrice standing in memory of Him who arose in three days, in which is performed the reading of the prophets, the preaching of the Gospel, the oblation of the sacrifice, the gift of the holy food? (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 2)


"How We Ought to Assemble Together and to Celebrate the Festival Day of Our Saviour's Resurrection. On the day of the resurrection of the Lord, that is, the Lord's day, assemble yourselves together, without fail, giving thanks to God, and praising Him for those mercies God has bestowed upon you through Christ and has delivered you from ignorance, error, and bondage, that your sacrifice may be unspotted, and acceptable to God,..." (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 7)

#39. 350 AD Cyril of Jerusalem:

"Fall NOT AWAY either into the sect of the Samaritans or into Judaism, for Jesus Christ has henceforth ransomed you. Stand aloof from ALL observance of Sabbaths and from calling any indifferent meats common or unclean" (Catechetical Lectures 4:37).

#40. 360 AD Council of Laodicea:

"Christians should NOT Judaize and should NOT be idle on the Sabbath, but should work on that day; they should, however, particularly reverence the Lord's day and, if possible, not work on it, because they were Christians" (canon 29).

#41. 387 AD John Chrysostom:

"You have put on Christ, you have become a member of the Lord and been enrolled in the heavenly city, and you still grovel in the Law [of Moses]? How is it possible for you to obtain the kingdom? Listen to Paul's words, that the observance of the Law overthrows the gospel, and learn, if you will, how this comes to pass, and tremble, and shun this pitfallWhy do you keep the Sabbath and fast with the Jews?" (Homilies on Galatians 2:17).

#42. 412 AD Augustine:

"Well, now, I should like to be told what there is in these Ten Commandments, except the observance of the Sabbath, which ought NOT to be kept by a Christian . . . Which of these commandments would anyone say that the Christian ought not to keep? It is possible to contend that it is not the Law which was written on those two tables that the apostle [Paul] describes as 'the letter that kills' [2 Cor. 3:6], but the law of circumcision and the other sacred rites which are now abolished" (The Spirit and the Letter 24).

#43. 597 AD Gregory I:

"But after that, the grace of Almighty God, our Lord Jesus Christ, has appeared, the commandments of the Law which were spoken figuratively cannot be kept according to the letter. For if anyone says that this about the Sabbath is to be kept, he must need to say that carnal sacrifices are to be offered. He must say too that the commandment about the circumcision of the body is still to be retained. But let him hear the apostle Paul saying in opposition to him: 'If you be circumcised, Christ will profit you nothing' (Gal. 5:2)" (Letters 13:1).

Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies I gave links to at the beginning of this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below. Also below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.

          Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

        Brother Mark.