WHAT MAKES A JEW A JEW?


EDITED

WHAT MAKES A JEW A JEW?



Now, I was taught from Pastors, different church denominations, and Bible commentaries that the children of Israel are called Jews because of their religion. And if you dig deeper you will find that some Bible commentaries teach that a Jew is a person who is BORN of the tribe of JUDAH. But I have also found that some Bible commentaries have NOT been correct concerning some topics.

So then, since one of my readers accused me of being a false teacher of the Bible simply for me using the word “Jews” when referring to the children of Israel and HE also claimed that ALL the Bible commentaries are wrong, I decided to search the word of God for myself to see if what I had been taught is the truth or not.

Now, in order to give you some more background as to how this Bible study has grown to several Bible studies on this same subject concerning various groups of Christians who sincerely believe with all their heart that Jesus died for the sins of the children of Israel ONLY. Then I will need to share a little of what three different readers wrote to me. All three of these readers were salvation for Israel ONLY Christians. This means to THEM that they sincerely believe that Jesus died for the sins of ONLY ONE RACE of people. And that one race, according to them, is the Hebrew Israelite race of people. So then, according to these Christians, if you are not born of one of the twelve tribes of Israel, then you cannot be saved. To THEM it is impossible for you to be saved if you are NOT a natural born Hebrew Israelite.

Now, you may be thinking to yourself of how ridiculous this sounds to you. But I assure you that to THEM, they sincerely believe with all their heart that the Jews in the land of Israel today are NOT the TRUE Jews. They believe that THEY are the true Hebrew Israelite people. And whatever caused them to come to this conclusion has also caused them to sincerely believe that even the Jews back in the days of Jesus were also NOT TRUE Jews.

Again, I know this may sound confusing to some of my readers who have not yet come across any salvation for Israel only Christians because you can clearly see that the Bible ITSELF says that many of those who believed the Gospel of Jesus Christ in order to be saved were in fact called JEWS in the Bible. So then, in our minds we are wondering how anyone can even think that the Jews talked about in the Bible were NOT TRUE Jews. And that is why I am writing these studies in God’s word. I not only want to help those who have been deceived to not see the truth but I also want all my readers to be rooted and grounded in the truth, so that you will never be deceived by false teaching.


One of my readers who wrote to me first on this subject was a dear sister in our Lord Jesus Christ. She was a salvation for Israel only believing Christian. Now, she was a white Caucasian Christian who sincerely believes that Jesus died ONLY for the white race of people. She went on to explain that I was in error for MIXING the children to Israel with the Jews. And she was very insistent to say that only those of the tribe of JUDAH are called Jews while all of the other chosen people of God, from the other 11 tribes of Israel, are called the children of Israel, the house of Israel, the men of Israel, and just plain Israel. So, I tried to explain to her that all of the twelve tribes of Israel are the children of Israel and that they all had the same religion. And I also told her that both the house of Israel and the house of Judah had the same law of Moses. But she kept insisting that only the tribe of Judah can be called Jews.

Now before this dear sister in the Lord wrote to me, I had encountered some Black African American Hebrew Israelites who said many of the same things. They also sincerely believe that Jesus died only for the Hebrew race of people. And thus, according to them, Jesus died to save only the black race of people. And they teach as well that the Jews are those born of the tribe of JUDAH. But they too sincerely believe that the Jews that in Israel today are NOT the TRUE JEWS.  

So then, according to both of these groups of salvation for Israel only Christians, they AGREE with all the Bible commentaries and with what all the mainstream church denominations teach. And that is that “technically” those of the tribe of Judah are the men of Judah who are called Jews. And also that their religion is called the Jewish religion or the religion of the Jews which is also known as Judaism. And the whole word of God teaches us that all the children of Israel, of all twelve tribes, have the same religion. However, I had one brother in the Lord who kept insisting that Jesus died on the cross for the Hebrew race only and that the Jews are NOT of the seed of PROMISE.

I finally convinced him that Jesus did indeed die for the sins of the Gentiles as well but he still insists that the whole world has been deceived. He wrongly believes that all the Bible commentaries are wrong concerning this subject of the JEWS being a part of the children of Israel because they are born from the tribe of JUDAH. He keeps insisting that a Jew is called a Jew because they live in the land of Judah just the same as those who live in Galilee are called Galileans.

And in one sense he is correct because the Greek word that is translated as Jew and Jewsliterally means Judaean. And the children of Israel who lived in Galilee where called indeed called Galileans. Even Jesus was said to be a Galilean because he was raised in the city of Nazareth. However, the Bible itself ALSO calls Jesus a JEW because he was BORN of the tribe of JUDAH that is in the city of Bethlehem, which is in the LAND of JUDAH. And also the RELIGION of Jesus was the religion of the JEWS.

Now, what this dear brother in our Lord Jesus Christ means by his insisting that the Jews are FAKE Jews is that the word “Jew” is a modern-day invention. He explained that the tribe of Judah that dwelt in the lower kingdom, which called Judah or the house of Judah, was taken captive and driven out of their land to be replaced with mostly Edomites of the seed of Esau. And that even in the day of Jesus, the land of Judah, was predominately the Edomite people who were NOT of the seed of promise. But we both finally agreed that not ALL the Jews were Edomites and that they there were some true Hebrew Israelites living in the land of Judah.

He went on to say that everyone living in the land of Judah was called Judeans. Again, he explained that the Greek word translated as “Jew” is actually “Ioudaios” and it means Judaean. In other words, even the Edomites are Jews simply because they LIVE in the land of Judaea. And according to his theology, even the GENTILES who lived in the land of Judah, in the days of Jesus, were ALSO Jews simply because they LIVED in the land of Judah. And thus to HIM, the whole world has been deceived by the word “Jew” in the Bible to be made to THINK that Jesus was a JEW.

Now, to him, it is blasphemy to say that Jesus is a JEW because he sincerely believes that most of the Jews in the Bible were Edomites of the seed of Esau and the word Jew simply means that those people LIVED in Judaea and were called Judeans that was translated as JEWS. And to him, it would be like saying that ALL those who lived in Galilee were children of Israel and thus it would be alright for the Bible translators to translate the Greek word for Galileans to say ISRAEL.


So then, this study in God’s word is to show from the Bible that Jesus is a JEW for two sound Biblical reasons.


REASON #1.


Jesus was a Jew because he was BORN in the LAND OF Judah in the city of Bethlehem as prophesied in the Bible. Jesus was BORN of the seed of Jacob through the tribe of JUDAH. And thus Jesus is a NATURAL BORN JEW of the Hebrew race of people through the lineage of the tribe of JUDAH.


REASON #2.


Jesus was born under the LAW of Moses and kept the exact same FEAST days as the Jews or the “Ioudaios” which again means Judaean that is TRANSLATED as the English word “JEWS”. In other words, Jesus was a JEW because of the religion he believed and followed.


Now, TODAY, after the cross and shed blood of Jesus to establish God’s NEW COVENANT, a person can be a JEW for a number of reasons as well.


REASON #1.


A person can be a natural BORN Jew of the tribe of Judah who was born anywhere in the world.


REASON #2.


A person can be a natural born Hebrew Israelite of ANY of the twelve tribes of Israel who was born anywhere in the world whether they are practicing the Jewish religion called Judaism or not.


REASON #3.


A person can be CONVERTED to the Jewish religion by becoming circumcised in the flesh and keeping the Law of Moses which is also called the religion of Judaism or the Jewish religion.


REASON #4.


According to the Bible, a Jew is one who is a Jew INWARDLY. In other words, anyone in the whole world who BELIEVES in Jesus as the atonement of their sins BECOME the ELECT of God through the NEW COVENANT and thus INWARDLY they are God’s chosen people. To say this another way, the natural born Jews can BECOME a TRUE Jew INWARDLY by becoming a true born-again Christian.


Please read Romans 2:26-29.


“Therefore if the UNCIRCUMSION (Speaking of the unsaved uncircumcised Gentile) keep the righteousness of the law, (Speaking of the law written on their CONSCIENCE to know right from wrong) shall not his uncircumcision be counted for circumcision?

27.  And shall not uncircumcision which is by nature, if it fulfill the law, judge you, who by the letter and circumcision do transgress the law?

28.  For he is NOT a Jew, which is one OUTWARDLY; (In other words, the natural born children of Israel have ALL been cut off from God because God no longer accepts the OLD COVENANT. And therefore, a natural born Jew is NOT a TRUE Jew because God has concluded ALL of Israel to be under sin. And the ONLY way they can be grafted back into the root of the Olive tree is to receive God's NEW COVENANT) neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:

29.  But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.”


What Paul is saying here is that a person being BORN as a Hebrew Israelite matters NOTHING if so be that they TRANSGRESS God’s LAW. And thus, God will accept even a heathen Gentile if so be they OBEY God’s moral laws from the desires of their heart. Please understand that Paul is NOT saying that a person can be saved by keeping the Law of Moses.

You see, the Jews were BOASTING that they were BORN as God’s chosen people but Paul saw that their hearts were far from God. The TRUE Gospel of Jesus Christ teaches us that Jesus suffered and died on the cross for the sin of the WHOLE world. And the reason Jesus died for the sin of every human being is so that WHOSOEVER of ANY person in the whole world who BELIEVES that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God, might be saved.

So then, Paul is saying that a TRUE Jew is a born-again Christian who has been circumcised INWARDLY with the TRUE circumcision of the HEART not made with human hands. And being a true Jew INWARDLY means that you are in a covenant relation with Almighty God. The TRUTH of the matter is that a true born-again Christian is a NEW CREATURE created IN Jesus Christ. And thus, Christians are NEITHER a Jew or a Gentile. We are simply sons and daughters of Almighty God being conformed into the image of Jesus Christ.

Please read two verses that clearly teaches us that God has CONCLUDED all the Hebrew Israelite, chosen people of God to be UNDER SIN just the same as God has CONCLUDED ALL of mankind to be under sin.


Romans 11:32.  


For God has CONCLUDE THEM ALL in unbelief (Speaking of every last branch of ISRAEL being cut OFF the natural Olive tree), THAT (Or so that or in order that) he might have mercy upon all.”


Galatians 3:22.


“But the scripture has CONCLUDED ALL under sin, THAT (Or so that or in order that) the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.”



So then, God has CONCLUDED every single human being, no matter how righteous they may be, INCLUDING his OWN chosen people, ISRAEL, so that he could show his love, mercy, and Grace to those who BELIEVE in his Son Jesus, as their Messiah, who suffered and died on the cross for their sins. In other words, under the Old Covenant, God chose a NATION of people but under the NEW COVENANT, God chooses INDIVIDUAL people based upon their FAITH IN his SON Jesus, as the atonement for their sins. So then, even those born of Abraham through the seed of Ishmael and Esau can come to Jesus to be saved along with every Gentile, every Jew, every race of people, and every religion of the world.



Please read Ephesians 2:8-19.



“For by grace are you saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:

9.  Not of works, (Specifically speaking of the works of the Law of Moses but also means the work of every religion of the world as well as the works that are ADDED by different Christian church denominations)

lest any man should boast.

10.  For we are HIS workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, (Which we do through the power of the Holy Spirit dwelling in us as true born-again new creatures and not by our own strength and power) which God has before ordained that we should walk in them.

11.  Wherefore remember, that you being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision (Speaking of the Jews, the children of Israel who were circumcised as the children of Abraham) in the flesh made by hands;

12.  That AT THAT TIME (Before you, as a NON-Hebrew Israelite chosen people of God, became true born-again Christians) you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of ISRAEL, and strangers from the COVENANTS of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: (Speaking of every person in the whole world of every world religion who were NOT given the COVENANTS of the one true God which he gave ONLY to the children of Israel. The children of Israel were ONCE the ONLY CHOSEN people of God under the old covenant. But NOW, God offers his NEW COVENANT to whosoever BELIEVES in his Son Jesus as the atonement for their sins. In other words, under the New Covenant both Jews and Gentiles become one as a NEW CREATURES created in Jesus Christ. There is not more DISTINCTION between Jewish Christians and Gentile Christians. The is no more distinction between male and female when it comes to being ACCEPTED of God. Plain and simple, Christians do NOT become JEWS. Remember that every last child of Israel was CUT OFF from God’s old covenant of Moses in order that God could save them BY his GRACE and mercy through their FAITH in his so great a salvation. A Jew does not REMAIN a Jew under the Jewish religion when he of she become a Christians. Jews become new creatures the same as Gentiles when they become true born-again Christians)

13.  BUT NOW IN Christ Jesus you who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.

14.  For he is our peace, who has made BOTH one (Speaking of saving the natural born Jews who were circumcised the eighth day under the law of Moses in order to be under the old covenant relationship with God that he made ONLY with the children of ISRAEL. BUT when the Jews receive God’s NEW COVENANT through their FAITH IN Jesus, then they become new creatures created in Jesus Christ. They are NO LONGER under the OLD COVENANT. AND likewise, ALSO the Gentiles or every NON Hebrew Israelite who had NO COVENANT with God could now come to God through their FAITH IN Jesus to become new creatures created in jesus Christ as well. God has made ONE NEW covenant so that he could save ALL of mankind of WHOSOEVER BELIEVES and OBEY his NEW COVENANT), and has broken down the middle wall of partition between us; (Between the Jews and the Gentiles. Or between the circumcised in the flesh according to the law of Moses and the uncircumcised in the flesh. In other words, God destroyed the WALL of the OLD covenant between the Hebrew Israelite race of people and every other human being so that he could create ONE NEW people that would be equal in every way in their relationship with God and his Son)

15.  Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace; (What Paul is saying here is that Jesus FULFILLED that law contained in ordinances that were fleshly services to God. For, example that Law of circumcision in the outward flesh was a sign or a shadow pointing to the TRUE circumcision of the HEART, the INWARD circumcision that is not made with our own human hands as our OWN WORK of the law of Moses. In other words, Jesus BECAME our true circumcision and thus FULFILLED the law of circumcision for those who BELIEVE in Jesus as the atonement for their sins.)

16.  And that he might reconcile BOTH (The Jews AND the Gentiles) unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:

17.  And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, AND to them that were nigh. (Meaning that the true Gospel of Jesus Christ is to BOTH the Jews AND the Gentiles, so that WHOSOEVER BELIEVES might be saved.)

18.  For through him we BOTH (The Jews who BELIEVE in God’s Son AND the Gentiles who BELIEVE in God’s Son) have access by one Spirit unto the Father.

19.  Now therefore you (Gentiles who BELIEVE in Jesus as the atonement for your sins) are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints, and of the household of God;”



Now, this does NOT mean that Gentiles who believe in Jesus become JEWS and that we must keep the Law of Moses, as the Jews, as some Christian wrongly teach. The Bible itself clearly teaches that ALL believers in Jesus whether they are Jewish Christians or Gentile Christians become NEW CREATURES who are created in Jesus Christ.



Please read Galatians 6:15.



“For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision avails anything, nor uncircumcision, but a NEW CREATURE.”



Now read 1 Corinthians 7:19.



Circumcision is NOTHING, and uncircumcision is NOTHING, but the keeping of the commandments of God.”  



But WHAT commandments must Christians keep in order to receive eternal life in the world to come. We have already seen in Ephesians 2:15 that Jesus abolishes or more precisely Jesus FULFILLED the Law of Moses contained in ordinances for those of us who BELIEVE.



Ephesians 2:15.



“Having abolished (Remember that Jesus said in Matthew 5:15-19 that he came not to abolish the law but to FULFILL the law and the prophets. So some CHANGES in the WAY that we KEEP the law of Moses have been made by the suffering and dying on the cross of the Son of man) in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;”



Every Christian can easily see that the WAY in which we, as Christians. KEEP the Law of Moses when it comes to the law of sacrifices and shedding of blood for sin. Almost every single Christian understands that the WAY in which we KEEP the shedding of blood for the forgiven of sins has been CHANGED from animal sacrifices to our FAITH IN Jesus as our sacrifice or atonement for our sins. So in truth, the LAW of sacrificing animals, or more precisely, the shedding of blood for the remission of sins was NOT abolished. But rather  the Old Covenant law of Moses of the shedding of blood was CHANGED to become a different WAY in which we now KEEP that law of the shedding of blood under the NEW COVENANT.

You see dear children of God, we as Christians, ARE KEEPING the law of sacrificing, speaking of the shedding of blood, BY our FAITH IN Jesus as our TRUE sacrifice for sins. The animal sacrifices were ORDINANCES that pointed to Jesus. They were added UNTIL the Messiah came. And once Jesus came there is no more need to keep those ORDINANCES of the law of Moses. ALL of the law of Moses contained in ORDINANCES have been FULFILLED by Jesus

And as we have already seen, we now KEEP the law of CIRCUMCISION as well by our FAITH in Jesus. You see, the law of circumcision is the SIGN of being in a covenant relationship with God. And the OLD WAY of keeping the law of circumcision has now been CHANGED to a NEW WAY of KEEPING the law of circumcision. Under the New Covenant we now KEEP the law of circumcision of our HEARTS by having FAITH IN Jesus. In other words, Jesus has BECOME our TRUE circumcision. And therefore all Christians ARE KEEPING the law of circumcision THROUGH our FAITH IN Jesus who has circumcised our heart. And the same is true with ALL the ceremonial laws of Moses contained in ordinances. They were all figures or SHADOWS pointing to the TRUE. We as Christians ARE KEEPING all the law of Moses contained in ORDINANCES BY our FAITH IN Jesus.

Jesus has become our law of sacrifice for sins.

Jesus has become our true circumcision.

Jesus has become our true Passover Lamb.

And Jesus has become our TRUE Sabbath REST by our FAITH in him when we ceased from our own works of righteousness to be saved.



Now, all of this which you have just read answers the sound Biblical question of being a TRUE JEW INWARDLY. But what does the Bible say a Jew is who is a Jew outwardly? Keep in mind as you read section two that those who wrongly teach that the Jews are NOT the children of Israel are all seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians that also sincerely believe that Paul is a FALSE teacher. They believe that Paul saw a vision of Satan disguised as an angle of light to deceive Paul to pervert the true Gospel of Jesus Christ to wrongly teach that Christians do NOT have to keep the Law of Moses. In other words, for some reason they NEED the Jews in the Bible to be Edomites and NOT of the seed of PROMISE so that they can justify their keeping the law of Moses to be saved. But is TRUTH, they are TWISTING the scriptures to their OWN DESTRUCTION as the Apostle Peter WARNS them in 2 Peter 3:16.


Please read the context by reading 2 Peter 3:15-18.


“And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him has written unto you;

16. As also in ALL his epistles, speaking in them of these things; (Speaking about NOT being bewitch to keep the law of Moses contained in ORDINANCES in order to be saved) in which are some things hard to be understood, (Or hard to be RECEIVED by Jewish Christians and even by Gentile Judaizing Christians) which they that are unlearned and unstable wrestle, (Or TWIST) as they do also the other scriptures, unto their OWN DESTRUCTION.

17. You therefore, beloved, seeing you know these things before, BEWARE lest you also, being led away with the ERROR of the wicked, fall from your own steadfastness. (Of your FAITH in the THRUTH of the GOSPEL of Jesus Christ to also be brought under bondage to keep the law of Mose contained in ORDINANCE in order to be saved)

18. BUT GROW IN GRACE, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. (Where there can never be any BOASTING in own own works of keeping the law of Moses contained in ORDINANCES) To him be glory both now and forever. Amen.”




SECTION TWO



Let us begin this section of this study in God’s word by reading Esther 2:5.



“Now in Shushan the palace there was a certain Jew, whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite;”



The Hebrew word that is translated as “Jew” in the Old Testament also means Judaean which again all Bible scholars agree refers to the RELIGION of the Judeans and also means those who are born of the tribe of Judah.

Now in this verse we see a certain man named Mordecai who was a JEW who was BORN of the tribe of Benjamin which was one of the twelve tribes of ISRAEL. And it appears rather certain that Mordecai was born to his parents while they were in exile, otherwise he would have been around 120 years old having his cousin Esther to be around 100 years younger than him. So this would mean that Mordecai was NOT born in the LAND of Judah to be called a JEW. Therefore, the obvious answer to ME, as to why the Bible calls a BENJAMITE a JEW is because Mordecai kept the same RELIGION as every single Hebrew Israelite. And this includes the Hebrew Israelites born of the tribe of JUDAH that is one of the twelve tribes of Israel. And that means that whether they were born IN the land of Judah or whether they were born somewhere else other than the land of Judah, they are still JEWS or Judeans. You see, Judeans are called JEWS because of their RELIGION.

The Bible also says that the Apostle Paul was a Hebrew Israelite of the tribe of BENJAMIN who was a JEW. You see, Paul called himself a Judaean NOT because he was born of the TRIBE of Judah. Paul called himself a Jew NOT because he was born in the LAND of Judah. But rather Paul called himself a JEW because he believed and obeyed the same RELIGION as all the children of Israel.


Please read Acts 21:39.



But Paul said, I am a man which am a JEW of Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city: and, I beseech you, suffer me to speak unto the people.”



So Paul was born in the city of Tarsus which is a city in Cilicia that is in Modern day Turkey. In other words, Paul was NOT born in the land of JUDAH but yet Luke records in the book of Acts that Paul is a JEW. Paul also tells us that he was brought up or raised in a different city.



Acts 22:3.  



“I am verily a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, YET brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel (Speaking of the city of Jerusalem the capital city of the land of Judah), and TAUGHT according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as ye all are this day.”





So again, Paul was a Jew because he was a HEBREW of Hebrews of the tribe of BENJAMIN. Paul was an ISRAELITE who kept the Law of Moses as all the children of Israel.



Please read Philippians 3:3-6.



For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh. (Speaking of Paul clearly identifying himself as a Hebrew Israelite of the tribe of Benjamin who was taught the Law of Moses and who excelled in the Jewish religion but then he converted to Christianity. In other words, Paul was a CIRCUMCISED Hebrew Christian who no longer kept the law of Moses contained in ORDINANCES)

4.  Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinks that he has whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more:

5.  Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of ISRAEL, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, (Speaking of the whole law of Moses) a Pharisee;

6.  Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.”



So according to the Bible itself, Paul was a Hebrew of the stock of Israel who was NOT born in the land of Judah. Nor was he born of the tribe of Judah. But yet he was still a JEW. So once again to ME, being a JEW, according to the Bible, means that anyone who is born of any of the twelve tribes of Israel INCLUDING the tribe of Judah who keeps the Law of Moses is a JEW. Therefore, according to the Bible, a Jew is any person who has been circumcised in the flesh in accordance to the Law of Moses and who follows the teachings written in the Torah and the Old Testament of the Bible. In other words, a Jew is ANYONE who has been circumcised and follows the Jewish RELIGION that is now called Judaism. Even though the religion of Judaism has had to make some changes since the destruction of the Temple in 70 AD they still keep the SAME Law of Moses which every Hebrew Israelite was taught back in the days of Jesus.

Now this fact that a Jew is a Jew because of what they BELIEVE can be clearly seen over and over again and again in the Bible. You see, the men of Israel who were called Galileans ALSO on the day of Pentecost kept the SAME FEAST as the JEWS. Please read the following verses.



Luke 2:41.  



“Now his parents (Speaking of Mary and Joseph the parents of Jesus) went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover.”


Luke 2:42.  



“And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast.”

So then, it was the CUSTOM of Mary and Joseph to go up to the city of Jerusalem every year to keep the yearly feast of Passover, which is taught in the LAW of Moses, under the Old Covenant, written in the Old Testament. And both Mary and Joseph were born of the lineage of King David and thus they were both true Hebrew Israelite children of Israel.



Now read where Jesus goes up to Jerusalem to keep the feast of the JEWS, the “Ioudeans”.



John 5:1.



“After this there was a feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.”

Now some may argue that this verse does not specifically state that Jesus actually kept this feast. So it may be a DIFFERENT feast that only the JEW kept. Well, we know with absolute certainty that Jesus KEPT the Law of Moses and that he kept the FEAST of Passover. So please read the next verse.



John 6:4  



“And the PASSOVER, a FEAST of the JEWS (Or a feast of the “Ioudeans”), was nigh.”

So then, the JEWS kept the SAME feast of Passover as taught in the LAW of Moses that Jesus kept, on the same day, in the same city of Jerusalem. This proves to anyone who has eyes to see and ears to hear that the RELIGION of the children of Israel that the salvation for Israel only calls HEBREWISM, is the SAME exact religion of the JEWS called JUDAISM. I fully understand that Judaism today is not the exact same Judaism that it was from Moses to Jesus. But the Jews today still keep the law of Moses contained in ordinances the best that they know how, seeing that there is no more sacrifice to cover their sins.



John 7:2.  



“Now the Jews' feast of tabernacles was at hand.”

The JEW’S feast of tabernacles is that SAME feast of tabernacles that is taught in the Law of Moses which the children of Israel keep. Do NOT be deceived by those Christians who claim that Hebrewism is not the same religion as Judaism. One of the reasons that Christians, who are the seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians, need for there to be a DIFFERENCE between Judaism and what they call Hebrewism is to try and explain away the teachings of Paul. They CLAIM that Paul is saying, in Colossians 2:16, to not allow others to judge you for you’re KEEPING of the Law of Moses. And they go on to explain that Paul is supposedly CORRECTING them to not keep the perverted, or incorrect way of keeping the law of Moses as the Pharisees do by teaching commandments of MEN.



Colossians 2:16.



“Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:”



And when that argument or line of reasoning of Christians misunderstanding the writings of Paul did NOT work, then some of the seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians began to become HATERS of the apostle Paul. And they try to argue that Paul is a FALSE teacher but yet they KEPT some of their OLD arguments for keeping the Law of Moses that Christians have misunderstood the teachings of Paul. Well, you cannot use what you claim is a FALSE teaching to try and prove that something is Biblical.



Anyway, what I have observed is that it is ONLY the seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians who teach that salvation is for the children of Israel ONLY. Please read the study “WHY THE HEBREW ROOTS MOVEMENT?” which answers the question as to WHY some Christians are drawn away from the true Gospel of Jesus Christ to embrace the teachings of the Hebrew Roots Movement and the seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping groups of Christians.

And here is a link to a list of all the studies that I have related to the weekly Sabbath day and those groups that have gone to the EXTREME, to teach that Jesus suffered and died on the cross for the children of Israel ONLY, who are the natural born Hebrew Israelite race of people. Simply clink of this link, “WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?”, and then click on the desire in-depth Bible study that you feel led by the Holy Spirit to read.



Now in closing, I would like for those of my readers who may still DOUBT that the Jews in the Bible were TRUE Jews, whose religion was indeed JUDAISM, to watch the following video.

REBEL RABBIS: ANTI-ZIONIST JEWS.



And as you watch this video please pause the video and read the sign in the window in this strict Orthodox Jewish synagogue. The sign in the window will be around 4:57 but you can see it better at 5:11 and it says,



CHILDREN OF YISROEL

A TORAH PEOPLE - NOT NATIONALIST



A JEW IS NOT A ZIONIST



THE ZIONIST STATE IS NOT A STATE OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE



Now please notice that these people, whoever they may be, are very strict TORAH keeping people who are protesting AGAINST the people, living in Israel, who say that they are the Jewish people. So, the point that I am making here is that even the Jewish people call themselves JEWS. And even the very strictest sect of Torah keeping, Law of Moses keeping people, who are protesting AGAINST Zionist, Israel, call themselves JEWS and the JEWISH PEOPLE and the children of YISROEL or the children of Israel.

Therefore the term or word “JEW” is interchangeable with the phrase “THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL”. And then at 10:18 you can see another poster or sign that says that Zion has no right to rule over the Holy land. So, basically, this strict sect of Jews are saying that the Jews can live anywhere in the world but they are NOT obeying God by their RULING in the land of Israel BEFORE God HIMSELF gathers them all into the Holy land to restore the kingdom to Israel.

And this is indeed taught in the Bible but it is ALSO prophesied, in the Bible, that SOME of the children of Israel would gather themselves together but it would not be God who is doing the gathering. In other words, this first gathering of the Jews is NOT the SAME gathering that will take place AT the coming of Jesus, to restore the kingdom to Israel and Jesus will rule over them for 1000 years.



Please read Isaiah 54:15.



“Behold, they shall SURELY gather together, BUT NOT BY ME: whosoever shall gather together against you shall fall for your sake.”



Also read Hosea 8:2-4.



“Set the trumpet to your mouth. (Speaking of the seventh trumpet in the book of Revelation) He (Jesus) shall come as an eagle against the house of the LORD, (Speaking of Jesus executing the WRATH of God upon his people Israel from the air with his armies of the saints and the angels) because they have transgressed my covenant, and trespassed against my law.

2.  Israel shall cry unto me, My God, we know you. (They shall call upon the name of the Lord to be saved alive)

3.  Israel has cast off the thing that is good: the enemy shall pursue him.

4. They have set up kings, BUT NOT BY ME: they have made princes, (Or they have made themselves a nation or State to govern themselves) and I knew it not:(Or this is not my desire for my desire is to be their King) of their silver and their gold have they made them idols, THAT they may be cut off.”




The Hebrew word translated as “cut off” here means to cut down for the specific purpose of making a COVENANT. In other words, God will use his WRATH to get the REMNANT of Israel to repent and call upon him to be saved alive.



Also as you are watching this video I want you to notice the FLAG that these strict sects of Jewish people carry that is a PALESTINIAN flag. And at 0:34 you can see Palestinian Jew written on this Palestinian flag. So, this makes me wonder, is this strict sect off track, as in, are they misguided? In other words, are they people of the seed of Ishmael and Esau? It does appear that the Palestinians seem to be welcoming this particular sect of Jews. Whereas the Palestinians hate the other Jews. So you have to wonder which Jews are the true Jews.

One thing is for sure. They ALL are being DECEIVED to sincerely believe that the Muslims seek only to wipe the STATE of Israel off the map and NOT the Jewish PEOPLE.  But that is NOT what the Bible itself teaches us.



Please read Psalm 83:1-8.



“A Song or Psalm of Asaph. Keep not you silence, O God: hold not your peace, and be not still, O God.

2.  For, lo, your enemies make a tumult: and they that hate you have lifted up the head.

3.  They have taken crafty counsel against YOUR people (Speaking of the children of Israel, the Jewish people), and consulted against your hidden ones. (Speaking of the Christians and more particularly, the Christians in that part of the world)

4.  They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance. (Now if you know anything about the Quran you will know that the radical Muslims seek to kill every last Jew that they find.)

5.  For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against you: (Speaking of the TEN kings in Revelation chapter 17. And all ten countries named below are all Islamic Muslim countries today)

6.  The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes;

7.  Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre;

8.  Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah.”





Now, while the gathering together of the Jewish people to become the STATE of Israel is not the gathering together of the children of Israel that are prophesied to come to pass at the END of this present world, that does not prove that they are not true Jews. You see, AT the second coming of Jesus, Almighty God will gather together ALL the children of Israel form all over the world to their homeland. And God himself will restore the kingdom to the children of Israel NOT to become a nation but to become the people of God that the gentiles will seek to learn of God. That is what is PROPHESIED in the Bible.

Now, I myself do not understand how anyone can believe that Jesus is returning to rescue FAKE Jews. You see, Jesus will return to FIGHT AGAINST those nations that are fighting against the JEW that are in the land of Israel. And IF SO BE that they are all FAKE Jews as some CLAIM then it makes no sense to ME that Jesus will return to deliver those so-called FAKE Jews.

That is, of course, if so be that the Jews in Israel today are NOT the TRUE children of Israel. God promised in his word in Isaiah 11,12, that he would turn to his people Israel a SECOND time to recover a REMNANT that will be taken captive in the Muslims countries. So to ME, the Jews in Israel are indeed TRUE children of Israel.


Isaiah 11:11,12.



“And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the SECOND TIME to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.

12.  And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, AND shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.”



So, those people of God in verse 11 will be CAPTIVES in the Muslims countries. And after the wrath of God has ended, then all the Jews being held captive will be set free and returned to the land of Israel. And along with the children of Israel that are IN the land of Israel and surrounding countries being delivered God will gather together all the Jews from all over the world back to the land that he promised to them I believe that many Jews that are scattered all over the world will be protected from this Islamic Muslim war against the Jews and the Christians in the Middle East and the old Roman Empire. For sure no less that 144,000 Jews will be preserved alive in their mortal Bodies to go into the Millenium. But I personally believe that the REMNANT of Jews will include far more than just the 144,000 sealed Jews spoken about in the book of Revelation.


Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies that I gave links to throughout this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below along with all the studies that I have on this subject. Also, below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.

Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

Brother Mark.


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Some Christians CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's day.

Please read all the studies linked within this study and all the studies linked below. This study was just the TIP of the iceberg of exposing the ERRORS of interpretation made by the Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping churches, and the Sunday first day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians. All of the studies listed below can be sent to a brother or sister caught up in the Hebrew Roots Movement or a Sabbath-keeping church by sending them this one link “>>>WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?<<<”

Or you can pick and choose any of the links below to send to them or read for yourself. Be sure to read the HISTORICAL evidence if you have not already done so. I post the SAME historical evidence at the end of almost every study on this subject of the Sabbath day. But if you want to read it again you may see something that did not stand out before.


“YES CHRISTIANS MUST KEEP THE SABBATH!”

“JESUS IS LORD OF THE SABBATH!”

“MATTHEW 5:17-19 SABBATH TRUTH!”

“MATTHEW 24:20 FUTURE SABBATH KEEPING!”

“SABBATH TRUTH REMEMBER THE SABBATH!”

“REALLY ONLY NINE OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS?”

“MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE 4th COMMANDMENT?”

“SABBATH KEEPING VERSUS SUNDAY WORSHIP?”

“60 ARGUMENTS FOR THE SABBATH!”

“IS JESUS OUR SABBATH REST?”

“THE SABBATH REST IS A SIGN!”

“THE SABBATH, SUNDAY, OR NEITHER DAY?”

“WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?”

“HAS GOD'S LAW BEEN ABOLISHED? (Matthew 5:17-19)”

“IS SATURDAY THE LORD'S DAY?”

“WAS JESUS RESURRECTED ON SUNDAY?”

“JESUS WORDS ONLY! SABBATH TRUTH!”

“IS PAUL A TRUE APOSTLE OF JESUS?”

“IS THE APOSTLE PAUL A FALSE TEACHER?”

“DO PAUL'S TEACHINGS CONTRADICT JESUS?”

“MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE DIETARY LAWS?”

“ACTS 10 PETER'S VISION OF CLEANSED MEATS?”

“IS THE HEBREWS ROOT MOVEMENT BIBLICAL?”

“119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 1”

“119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 2”

“WHO ARE THE TRUE JEWS?”

“ARE BLACK AFRICANS THE TRUE HEBREWS?”

“WHAT IS THE ONE TRUE CHURCH?”


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Again, some Christians make the CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's Day.

Here is a NON BIAS historical account found in a letter from Pliny the Younger to Trojan concerning the Christians.

Pliny was a Roman who persecuted and killed Christians, so again this is a historical NON BIAS account of WHEN Christians gathered together.

Here is what Pliny says in his letter to Trojan. The EMPHASIS and comments in parenthesis are my own:


“That they were WONT (Or as they were ACCUSTOMED and USED to do, or in the HABIT of doing)on a STATED day (Or on a CERTAIN preset day)to meet together BEFORE IT WAS LIGHT, and to sing a hymn to Christ, as to a god, alternately; and to oblige themselves by a sacrament [or oath], not to do anything that was ill: but that they would commit no theft, or pilfering, or adultery; that they would not break their promises, or deny what was deposited with them, when it was required back again; after which it was their CUSTOM to depart, AND to meet AGAIN at a common but innocent meal,(So after they had worship service early morning beginning before day light, they would depart and they come back together later that same day to share a common simple meal together and most likely break bread together as other early church writers give more detail) which they had left off upon that edict which I published at your command, and wherein I had forbidden any such conventicles (Or religious meetings).”


Below are some quotes of early church writers that clearly teach us that the early church did NOT keep the Sabbath day, as in, on SATURDAY, the 7th day of the week, but rather the early church throughout history from it's beginning worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, which is sometimes referred to as the EIGHTH day of the week or the day AFTER the Sabbath day, or the LORD'S DAY. (The emphasis is mine in these quotes given below):

The year AD or date is given first and then the source is given at the end followed by the quote from that historical source. The Apostle John was still alive until 100 AD.


#1. 90 AD DIDACHE:

"Christian Assembly on the Lord's Day:


1. But every Lord's day do ye gather yourselves together, and break bread, and give thanksgiving after having confessed your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure.

2. But let no one that is at variance with his fellow come together with you, until they be reconciled, that your sacrifice may not be profaned.

3. For this is that which was spoken by the Lord: In every place and time offer to me a pure sacrifice; for I am a great King, saith the Lord, and my name is wonderful among the nations." (Didache: The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, Chapter XIV)


#2. 100 AD BARNABAS:


"We keep the eighth day [Sunday] with joyfulness, the day also on which Jesus rose again from the dead" (The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD 15:6-8).


#3. 100 AD BARNABAS:


Moreover, God says to the Jews, 'Your new moons and Sabbaths I cannot endure.' You see how he says, 'The present Sabbaths are not acceptable to me, but the Sabbath which I have made in which, when I have rested [heaven: Heb 4] from all things, I will make the beginning of the eighth day which is the beginning of another world.' Wherefore we Christians keep the eighth day for joy, on which also Jesus arose from the dead and when he appeared ascended into heaven. (15:8f, The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, pg. 147)


#4. 110 AD Pliny:


They were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a god, and bound themselves by a solemn oath not to (do) any wicked deeds, never to commit any fraud, theft, or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up; after which it was their custom to separate, and then reassemble to partake of good food—but food of an ordinary and innocent kind. (About three years after the death of Ignatius in 250, an important official communication was sent from one Pliny to Trojan the Roman emperor. Pliny, the Roman governor of Bithynia, wrote of the Christians who had been congregating there probably from at least A.D. 62 onwards. In this remark, it is explicitly stated that these early Christians observed the substance of most of the Ten Commandments, and it is implied that they observed all ten as far as they were able to do so. As far as they were able, for as most of the early Christians were of slave stock or from other lower classes'-, and those who had heathen masters or employers—the vast majority—would be forced to work on THEIR day of rest, which was unfortunately an official working day throughout the empires' until Constantine's "Sabbath" Edict in 321 A.D. gave them some measure of public protection. Hence one reads that after meeting "on a certain FIXED day before it was light", the first century Bithynian Christians had "to separate"—many of them having to labor for their masters and/or employers from dawn to dusk—"and then reassemble to partake of . . . food". The "certain fixed day" [stato die"'] on which the Christians met, is regarded by Seventh-day Adventists as Saturday'-. Certainly, the expression would seem to indicate a regular day of meeting, probably each week. But Sunday is FAR more likely to have been the "certain fixed day" than Saturday. For if Pliny had been referring to the old Saturday Sabbath, as a Roman he would doubtless have referred to the "later" meeting first and only then to the morning meeting on the day after the "certain fixed day", seeing that the old Saturday Sabbath was demarcated from the evening of one day to the evening of the following day. But Pliny makes no such reference. Instead, he mentions that the pre-dawn meeting took place first—and only afterward, the later meeting; and that both meetings took place on the SAME "certain fixed day". This rather points to the Roman (and—more importantly!—New Testament) midnight to midnight demarcation of modern Sunday-keepers than to the evening to evening demarcation of the Jews and the Seventh-day Adventists.) (The Covenantal Sabbath, Francis Nigel Lee, Pg 242)


Also, I myself will further add to the comment of the writer above that mere common sense plainly teaches us that Pliny was clearly speaking of SUNDAY because the LAW that Constantine passed was not to mandate work on SUNDAY, so that these Christians could worship God on SUNDAY. So the CLAIM by the Seventh Day Advent church that the fixed day of worship for Christians was a Saturday is FALSE. Otherwise, Constantine would have made it a law that employers allow Christians off for work on a Saturday rather than on a Sunday. 

This PROVES beyond any shadow of a doubt that the Christians were ALREADY worshiping God on SUNDAY, the FIRST DAY of the week from the very beginning of the church on the day of Pentecost. The truth of the matter is that Constantine only made it easier for Christians to worship God on Sunday without being persecuted by their employers or owners by passing the EDICT making it a LAW to force heathen employers to let their employees have at least some time off from work so that they could worship God on SUNDAY. 

Every Sabbath keeper will AGREE that Constantine's “SABBATH” is referring to SUNDAY as the day of the week and NOT as Saturday being the REST for Christians. Again, all that Constantine did was to pass a law making it EASIER for Christians to worship on the DAY that they had ALREADY been worshiping on since the very beginning, at the DAY of PENTECOST, which is on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week that Christian called the LORD'S day, the day our Lord rose from the grave. 

Open your EYES dear child of God and read what these early church writings are teaching us about the EARLIEST believers as to which day the early church worshiped God. SUNDAY has ALWAYS been the Sabbath or the day of REST of the early church and the church throughout its entire history.


#5. 150 AD EPISTLE OF THE APOSTLES:


-I [Christ] have come into being on the eighth day which is the day of the Lord. (18)


#6. 150 AD JUSTIN.


"He then speaks of those Gentiles, namely us, who in every place offer sacrifices to Him, i.e., the bread of the Eucharist, and also the cup of the Eucharist, affirming both that we glorify His name, and that you profane [it]. The command of circumcision, again, bidding [them] always circumcise the children on the eighth day, was a type of the true circumcision, by which we are circumcised from deceit and iniquity through Him who rose from the dead on the first day AFTER the Sabbath, [namely through] our Lord Jesus Christ. For the first day after the Sabbath, remaining the first of all the days, is called, however, the eighth, according to the number of all the days of the cycle, and [yet] remains the first." (Justin, Dialogue 41:4)


#7. 150 AD JUSTIN:


...those who have persecuted and do persecute Christ, if they do not repent, shall not inherit anything on the holy mountain. But the Gentiles, who have believed on Him, and have repented of the sins which they have committed, they shall receive the inheritance along with the patriarchs and the prophets, and the just men who are descended from Jacob, even although they neither keep the Sabbath, nor are circumcised, nor observe the feasts. Assuredly they shall receive the holy inheritance of God. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 207)


#8. 150 AD JUSTIN:


But if we do not admit this, we shall be liable to fall into foolish opinion, as if it were not the same God who existed in the times of Enoch and all the rest, who neither were circumcised after the flesh, nor observed Sabbaths, nor any other rites, seeing that Moses enjoined such observances... For if there was no need of circumcision before Abraham, or of the observance of Sabbaths, of feasts and sacrifices, before Moses; no more need is there of them now, after that, according to the will of God, Jesus Christ the Son of God has been born without sin, of a virgin sprung from the stock of Abraham. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 206)


#9. 150 AD JUSTIN:


Moreover, all those righteous men already mentioned [after mentioning Adam. Abel, Enoch, Lot, Noah, Melchizedek, and Abraham], though they kept no Sabbaths, were pleasing to God; and after them Abraham with all his descendants until Moses... And you [fleshly Jews] were commanded to keep Sabbaths, that you might retain the memorial of God. For His word makes this announcement, saying, "That you may know that I am God who redeemed you." (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 204)


#10. 150 AD JUSTIN.


There is no other thing for which you blame us, my friends, is there than this? That we do not live according to the Law, nor, are we circumcised in the flesh as your forefathers, nor do we observe the Sabbath as you do. (Dialogue with Trypho 10:1. In verse 3 the Jew Trypho acknowledges that Christians 'do not keep the Sabbath.')


#11. 155 AD Justin Martyr:


"[W]e too would observe the fleshly circumcision, and the Sabbaths, and in short all the feasts, if we did not know for what REASON they were enjoined [on] you--namely, on account of your transgressions and the hardness of your heart. . . . [H]ow is it, Trypho, that we would not observe those rites which do not harm us--I speak of fleshly circumcision AND Sabbaths AND feasts? . . . God enjoined you [Jews] to keep the Sabbath and impose on you other precepts for a sign, as I have already said, on account of your unrighteousness and that of your fathers" (Dialogue with Trypho the Jew 18, 21).


#12. 180 AD ACTS OF PETER:


Paul had often contended with the Jewish teachers and had confuted them (Or refuted them completely), saying 'it is Christ on whom your fathers laid hands. He abolished their Sabbath and fasts and festivals and circumcision.' (1: I)-2



#13. 180 AD GOSPEL OF PETER:


Early in the morning when (the Sabbath dawned, a multitude from Jerusalem and the surrounding country came to see the scaled sepulcher. In the night in which the Lord's day dawned, while the soldiers in pairs for each watch were keeping guard, a great voice came from heaven. [There follows an account of the resurrection. Early in the morning of the Lord's day Mary Magdalene, a disciple of the Lord .... came to the sepulcher. (9:34f.; 12:50f.)



#14. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:


(in commenting on each of the Ten Commandments and their Christian meaning:) The seventh day is proclaimed a day of rest, PREPARING by abstention from evil FOR the Primal day, our TRUE rest. (Ibid. VII. xvi. 138.1)


I will add that the meaning of the word “Primal” means an “ARCHETYPAL” which means an original TYPE pointing to the TRUE. So this early church writer is saying what Paul teaches us in scripture that the things in the OLD Testament are TYPES and SHADOWS or the TRUE which was to come. Jesus became our SABBATH, and we have entered into our REST being in Jesus Christ. The SABBATH was an ARCHETYPAL pointing toward our TRUE REST which was to come being FULFILLED in the ATONEMENT of Jesus.



#15. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:


He does the commandment according to the Gospel and keeps the Lord's day, whenever he puts away an evil mind . . . glorifying the Lord's resurrection in himself. (Ibid. Vii.xii.76.4)



#16. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:


Plato prophetically speaks of the Lord's day in the tenth book of the Republic, in these words: 'And when seven days have passed to each of them in the meadow, on the eighth they must go on." (Miscellanies V.xiv.106.2)



#17. 200 AD BARDESANES:


Wherever we are, we are all called after the one name of Christ Christians. On one day, the first of the week, we assemble ourselves together (On Fate)



#18. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

"We solemnize the day AFTER Saturday in contradistinction to those who call this day their Sabbath" (Tertullian's Apology, Ch 16)


In other words, Tertullian is saying that we Christians DISTINGUISH us from the JEWS who hold Saturday as THEIR Sabbath by solemnizing or referencing the day AFTER Saturday as our day of worship and rest.



#19. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


It follows, accordingly, that, in so far as the abolition of carnal circumcision and of the old law is demonstrated as having been consummated at its specific times, so also the observance of the Sabbath is demonstrated to have been temporary. (An Answer to the Jews 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 155)



#20. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


Let him who contends that the Sabbath is still to be observed a balm of salvation, and circumcision on the eighth day because of the threat of death, teach us that in earliest times righteous men kept Sabbath or practiced circumcision, and so were made friends of God. .. ...Therefore, since God originated Adam uncircumcised, and inobservant of the Sabbath, consequently his offspring also, Abel, offering Him sacrifices, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was by Him commended... Noah also, uncircumcised - yes, and inobservant of the Sabbath - God freed from the deluge. For Enoch, too, most righteous man, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, He translated from this world... Melchizedek also, "the priest of most high God," uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was chosen to the priesthood of God. (An Answer to the Jews 2:10; 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 153)



#21. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


Others . . . suppose that the sun is the god of the Christians because it is well-known that we regard Sunday as a day of joy. (To the Nations 1: 133)


Keep in mind that this was well BEFORE Constantine SUPPOSEDLY CHANGED the day of rest and worship to Sunday as the Seventh Day Adventist church CLAIMS. But in TRUTH, Christians had ALREADY been worshiping God on Sunday, the FIRST day of the week that they also called the Lord’s Day, the day that our Lord and Savior Jesus rose from the dead. 

So, as early as Tertullian in 200 AD there were groups of JEWS and Christian JEWS who ASSUMED or who SUPPOSED, or who FALSELY ACCUSED Christians of worshiping God on SUNDAY that they were worshiping a sun god and not the true God.



#22. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


To us Sabbaths are foreign. (On Idolatry, 14:6)4



#23. 220 AD ORIGEN:


"On Sunday none of the actions of the world should be done. If then, you abstain from all the works of this world and keep yourselves free for spiritual things, go to church, listen to the readings and divine homilies, meditate on heavenly things. (Homil. 23 in Numeros 4, PG 12:749)



#24. 220 AD Origen:


"Hence it is not possible that the [day of] rest after the Sabbath should have come into existence from the seventh [day] of our God. On the contrary, it is our Savior who, after the pattern of his own rest, caused us to be made in the likeness of his death, and hence also of his resurrection" (Commentary on John 2:28).



#25. 225 AD The Didascalia:


"The apostles further appointedOn the first day of the week let there be service, and the reading of the Holy Scriptures, and the oblation, because on the first day of the week our Lord rose from the place of the dead, and on the first day of the week he arose upon the world, and on the first day of the week he ascended up to heaven, and on the first day of the week he will appear at last with the angels of heaven" (Didascalia 2).


And I add further that the church BEGAN on the day of Pentecost, on a SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week. The early church evidence and the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible, make it quite clear that the early church worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, called the LORD'S day and that they did NOT KEEP the Sabbath day as the JEWS.



#26. 250 AD CYPRIAN:


The eight day, that is, the first day after the Sabbath, and the Lord's Day." (Epistle 58, Sec 4)



#27. 250 AD IGNATIUS:


"If, therefore, those who were brought up in the ancient order of things have come to the possession of a new hope, no longer observing the Sabbath, but living in the observance of the Lord's Day, on which also our life has sprung up again by Him and by His death-whom some deny, by which mystery we have obtained faith, and therefore endure, that we may be found the disciples of Jesus Christ, our only Master-how shall we be able to live apart from Him, whose disciples the prophets themselves in the Spirit did wait for Him as their Teacher? And therefore He whom they rightly waited for, being come, raised them from the dead. If, then, those who were conversant with the ancient Scriptures came to newness of hope, expecting the coming of Christ, as the Lord teaches us when He says, "If ye had believed Moses, ye would have believed Me, for he wrote of Me; " and again, "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad; for before Abraham was, I am; " how shall we be able to live without Him? The prophets were His servants, and foresaw Him by the Spirit, and waited for Him as their Teacher, and expected Him as their Lord and Saviour, saying, "He will come and save us." Let us therefore NO longer keep the Sabbath after the Jewish manner, and rejoice in days of idleness; for "he that does not work, let him not eat." For say the [holy] oracles, "In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat thy bread." But let every one of you keep the Sabbath after a spiritual manner, rejoicing in meditation on the law, NOT in relaxation of the body, admiring the workmanship of God, and not eating things prepared the day before, nor using lukewarm drinks, and walking within a prescribed space, nor finding delight in dancing and plaudits which have no sense in them. And after the observance of the Sabbath, let every friend of Christ keep the Lord's Day as a festival, the resurrection-day, the queen and chief of all the days [of the week]. Looking forward to this, the prophet declared, "To the end, for the eighth day," on which our life both sprang up again, and the victory over death was obtained in Christ, whom the children of perdition, the enemies of the Saviour, deny, "whose god is their belly, who mind earthly things," who are "lovers of pleasure, and not lovers of God, having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof." These make merchandise of Christ, corrupting His word, and giving up Jesus to sale: they are corrupters of women, and covetous of other men's possessions, swallowing up wealth insatiably; from whom may ye be delivered by the mercy of God through our Lord Jesus Christ! (Epistle of Ignatius to the Magnesians, Chapter IX)



#28. 250 AD IGNATIUS:


"On the day of the preparation, then, at the third hour, He received the sentence from Pilate, the Father permitting that to happen; at the sixth hour He was crucified; at the ninth hour He gave up the ghost; and before sunset He was buried. During the Sabbath He continued under the earth in the tomb in which Joseph of Arimathaea had laid Him. At the dawning of the Lord's day He arose from the dead, according to what was spoken by Himself, "As Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of man also be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. "The day of the preparation, then, comprises the passion; the Sabbath embraces the burial; the Lord's Day contains the resurrection." (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians, chapter 9)



#29. 250 AD IGNATIUS:


If anyone fasts on the Lord's Day or on the Sabbath, except on the paschal Sabbath only, he is a murderer of Christ. (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Philippians, chapter 8)



#30. 250 AD IGNATIUS:


"This [custom], of not bending the knee upon Sunday, is a symbol of the resurrection, through which we have been set free, by the grace of Christ, from sins, and from death, which has been put to death under Him. Now this custom took its rise from apostolic times, as the blessed Irenaeus, the martyr and bishop of Lyons, declares in his treatise On Easter, in which he makes mention of Pentecost also; upon which [feast] we do not bend the knee, because it is of equal significance with the Lord's day, for the reason already alleged concerning it." (Ignatius, Fragments)



#31. 300 AD Victorinus:


"The sixth day [Friday] is called parasceve, that is to say, the preparation of the kingdom. . . . On this day also, on account of the passion of the Lord Jesus Christ, we make either a station to God or a fast. On the seventh day, he rested from all his works, and blessed it, and sanctified it. On the former day, we are accustomed to fast rigorously, that on the Lord's day we may go forth to our bread with giving of thanks. And let the parasceve become a rigorous fast, lest we should APPEAR to observe ANY Sabbath with the Jews . . . which Sabbath he [Christ] in his body ABOLISHED" (The Creation of the World).



#32. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:


"They did not, therefore, regard circumcision, NOR observe the Sabbath NEITHER do we; ... because such things as these do NOT belong to Christians" (Ecc. Hist., Book 1, Ch. 4)



#33. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:


[The Ebionites] were accustomed to observe the Sabbath and other Jewish customs but on the Lord's days to celebrate the same practices as we in remembrance of the resurrection of the Savior. (Church History Ill.xxvii.5)



I will also add that the Ebionites were Christians who were seduced by the Jews to keep the Jewish customs. In other words, the Ebionites were Judaized Christians. The Ebionites also taught the need to be circumcised in the flesh in order to be saved. Some today would not even consider Ebionites as being true Christians since they went back to trusting the Law of Moses to be saved.



#34. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:


"They [the pre- Mosaic saints of the Old Testament] did not care about circumcision of the body, neither do we [Christians]. They did not care about observing Sabbaths, nor do we. They did not avoid certain kinds of food, neither did they regard the other distinctions which Moses first delivered to their posterity to be observed as symbolsnor do Christians of the present day do such things" (Church History 1:4:8).


#35. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:


"The day of his [Christ's] light . . . was the day of his resurrection from the dead, which they say, as being the one and only truly holy day and the Lord's day, is better than any number of days as we ordinarily understand them, and better than the days set apart by the Mosaic Law for feasts, new moons, and Sabbaths, which the Apostle [Paul] teaches are the shadow of days and not days in reality" (Proof of the Gospel 4:16:186).



#36. 345 AD Athanasius:


"The Sabbath was the end of the first creation, the Lord's day was the beginning of the second, in which he renewed and restored the old in the same way as he prescribed that they should formerly observe the Sabbath as a memorial of the end of the first things, so we honor the Lord's day as being the memorial of the new creation" (On Sabbath and Circumcision 3).



#37. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:


Be not careless of yourselves, neither deprive your Saviour of His own members, neither divide His body nor disperse His members, neither prefer the occasions of this life to the word of God; but assemble yourselves together every day, morning and evening, singing psalms and praying in the Lord's house: in the morning saying the sixty-second Psalm, and in the evening the hundred and fortieth, but principally on the Sabbath-day. And on the day of our Lord's resurrection, which is the Lord's day, meet more diligently, sending praise to God that made the universe by Jesus, and sent Him to us, and condescended to let Him suffer, and raised Him from the dead. Otherwise what apology will he make to God who does not assemble on that day to hear the saving word concerning the resurrection, on which we pray thrice standing in memory of Him who arose in three days, in which is performed the reading of the prophets, the preaching of the Gospel, the oblation of the sacrifice, the gift of the holy food? (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 2)



#38. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:


"How We Ought to Assemble Together and to Celebrate the Festival Day of Our Saviour's Resurrection. On the day of the resurrection of the Lord, that is, the Lord's day, assemble yourselves together, without fail, giving thanks to God, and praising Him for those mercies God has bestowed upon you through Christ and has delivered you from ignorance, error, and bondage, that your sacrifice may be unspotted, and acceptable to God,..." (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 7)



#39. 350 AD Cyril of Jerusalem:


"Fall NOT AWAY either into the sect of the Samaritans or into Judaism, for Jesus Christ has henceforth ransomed you. Stand aloof from ALL observance of Sabbaths and from calling any indifferent meats common or unclean" (Catechetical Lectures 4:37).



#40. 360 AD Council of Laodicea:


"Christians should NOT Judaize and should NOT be idle on the Sabbath, but should work on that day; they should, however, particularly reverence the Lord's day and, if possible, not work on it, because they were Christians" (canon 29).



#41. 387 AD John Chrysostom:


"You have put on Christ, you have become a member of the Lord and been enrolled in the heavenly city, and you still grovel in the Law [of Moses]? How is it possible for you to obtain the kingdom? Listen to Paul's words, that the observance of the Law overthrows the gospel, and learn, if you will, how this comes to pass, and tremble, and shun this pitfallWhy do you keep the Sabbath and fast with the Jews?" (Homilies on Galatians 2:17).


#42. 412 AD Augustine:


"Well, now, I should like to be told what there is in these Ten Commandments, except the observance of the Sabbath, which ought NOT to be kept by a Christian . . . Which of these commandments would anyone say that the Christian ought not to keep? It is possible to contend that it is not the Law which was written on those two tables that the apostle [Paul] describes as 'the letter that kills' [2 Cor. 3:6], but the law of circumcision and the other sacred rites which are now abolished" (The Spirit and the Letter 24).


#43. 597 AD Gregory I:


"But after that, the grace of Almighty God, our Lord Jesus Christ, has appeared, the commandments of the Law which were spoken figuratively cannot be kept according to the letter. For if anyone says that this about the Sabbath is to be kept, he must need to say that carnal sacrifices are to be offered. He must say too that the commandment about the circumcision of the body is still to be retained. But let him hear the apostle Paul saying in opposition to him: 'If you be circumcised, Christ will profit you nothing' (Gal. 5:2)" (Letters 13:1).



Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies I gave links to at the beginning of this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below. Also below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.


          Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

        Brother Mark.

         

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