WHAT DOES ROMANS 2:13 TRULY MEAN?


EDITED


WHAT IS THE TRUE MEANING OF ROMANS 2:13?



Let us first read Romans 2:13 out of its context and then I will explain why I even ask this question.


Please read Romans 2:13.


“For NOT the hearers of the law are just before God, but the DOERS of the LAW shall be justified.”


Now, the reason that I ask the question, “What is the TRUE meaning of Romans 2:13?” is because some Christians are using this verse out of its CONTEXT in order to try and prove that Christians must keep the Law of Moses. And according to them, if a Christian does NOT keep all the law of Moses then they will NOT receive eternal life in the world to come. They argue that Paul is speaking about the Law of Moses in Romans 2:13 by asking  the question “What law is there but the one law of Almighty God?” So in their minds, the Law of Moses is the ONLY LAW that Almighty God has given.

They go on to argue that the New Covenant was God’s promise to write the LAW of Moses upon the hearts of his chosen people Israel.


Let us start with Deuteronomy 30:10-14 which is a PROPHECY for Israel in the future. Israel was indeed given the law of Moses in this same context. But these five verses are a PROPHECY of ANOTHER COMMANDMENT in the FUTURE. Keep in mind that the Hebrew people read and write the Hebrew language. And thus they would be reading the Scriptures in their Hebrew language.

You see, there are two Hebrew letters that are NOT translated into our English Bibles. So what I am about to show you is often read right over by Christians while reading the English translation of the Bible IF their focus is on reading INTO the text their own preconceived teaching of keeping the Law of Moses to be saved.

What I mean by this is that Christians who are caught up in the Hebrew Roots Movement read the words “THIS COMMANDMENT” in the SINGULAR in Deuteronomy 30:11 as being “THESE COMMANDMENTS in the plural. They totally MISS that the words “THIS commandment” is SINGULAR, as in, just ONE single commandment. They also fail to see that these five verses are a PROPHECY for Israel in the future.


Please read Deuteronomy 30:10-14.


“If you shall hearken unto the voice of the LORD (Yahweh) your God, to keep his commandments and his statutes which are written in this book of the law (Speaking of the law and the prophets testifying of the Messiah), AND IF you TURN unto the LORD (Yahweh) your God with all thine heart, and with all your soul. (Speaking of the FUTURE at the end of days. If you read the CONTEXT starting with verse 1 you will see that this whole passage of scripture is prophecy the future RETURNING of Israel back to God at the coming of the Messiah. Some Jews received the THIS COMMANDMENT to believe on Jesus as their Messiah. But most of Israel REJECTED Jesus as their Messiah. In other words, they did NOT obey the THIS COMMANDMENT to receive God’s NEW COVENANT)

11. FOR (Or BECAUSE) THIS COMMANDMENT (In the SINGULAR) which I command you this day (Actually speaking about the day of the New Covenant. But also THIS COMMANDMENT was given to them in these verses as well. In English we have the clue by the SINGULAR of just ONE COMMANDMENT. But in the Hebrew language there are RED flags, so to speak, all through the Hebrew Scriptures), it is NOT hidden from you, neither is it far off. (Speaking of God’s commandment to believe the words that he will put into the mouth of his prophet that he promised to raise up among the people to be his Messiah)

12. IT (The ONE commandment) is not in heaven, that you should say, Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, that we may hear IT, and do IT? (Please notice that all the pronouns referring back to THIS COMMANDMENT are all SINGULAR. It does NOT say do THEM, as in, keep the commandments. But rather the word of God says to do IT, as in, you must keep THIS ONE COMMANDMENT)

13. Neither is IT beyond the sea, that you should say, Who shall go over the sea for us, and bring IT unto us, that we may hear IT, (They have ALREADY HEARD the Law of Moses. So THIS COMMANDMENT is NOT the law of Moses. It is in the law of Moses contained in ordinances, as in, the MEANING OF why the law contained in ordinances was ADDED UNTIL the Messiah came. It is a NEW COMMANDMENT that they will HEAR IT in the future) and do IT?

14. But the word is very nigh unto you, in your mouth, and in your heart, that you may do IT.”


Again, the scripture says, Do “IT” in the singular! Do WHAT? That you may BELIEVE in HIM and CONFESS HIM as your Messiah. And that you OBEY HIS teachings. The Messiah is the “THIS COMMANDMENT” for Israel to do “IT”, which is to BELIEVE on Jesus as their Messiah. Paul refers to this passage of scripture in Romans 10:1-13.

Let us first read Romans 10:1-13 and then I will place Deuteronomy 30:14 and Romans 10:8 side by side for you.


Romans 10:1-13.


“Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved.

2. For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but NOT according to knowledge. (There are many Jews who keep the Law of Moses the best that they can possibly do even more so than some Christians that have been subverted to keep the Law of Moses. But even though they sincerely love God and they serve God having a great zeal like many Christians caught up in the Hebrew Roots Movement, they are NOT worshipping Yahweh is Spirit and in TRUTH in the way God is commanding us to do under his New Covenant. They are NOT serving God according to the knowledge of the TRUTH of the GOSPEL written in the New Testament)

3. For they (Speaking of the children of Israel that do NOT believe that Jesus is their Messiah. And ALSO speaking of some Christians who have been subverted to keep the Law of Moses to be saved) being IGNORANT of God's righteousness,(Speaking of God’s GIFT of RIGHTEOUSNESS that is freely given to all who BELIEVE that Jesus is their Messiah) and going about to establish their OWN righteousness, have NOT SUBMITTED themselves unto the righteousness of God.

4. For (Or for you see) Christ (Or the Messiah, the THIS COMMANDMENT) is the END of the law, FOR RIGHTEOUSNESS to everyone that BELIEVES.

5. FOR (Or BECAUSE the law of) Moses  DESCRIBES the righteousness which is OF the law, (Speaking of the law written on our CONSCIENCE that even the Gentiles have WITHOUT the law contained in ordinances given ONLY to the CHILDREN of Israel after they were delivered from the bondage of Egypt. Selah, pause and think about this my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ. The LAW of Moses was ADDED because the children of Israel kept disobeying the LAW. What LAW were they disobeying BEFORE the LAW of Moses was ADDED? It was the law written upon the heart, their CONSCIENCE which they hardened. So the LAW that Moses DESCRIBES is the MORAL law of RIGHTEOUSNESS) That the man which does THOSE things (Speaking of walking in RIGHTEOUSNESS obeying the moral law of righteousness written on our CONSCIENCE) shall live by them. (IF they never ever disobey the Law of God written on their CONSCIENCE, which is why the law of Moses was ADDED UNTIL the SEED should COME, speaking of the Messiah and the New Covenant)

6. BUT the righteousness which is of FAITH (Or the NEW LAW of FAITH, the THIS COMMANDMENT, that was shut up to those written about in the Scriptures from Genesis to Malachi UNTIL their Messiah came) speaks on this wise, Say not in your heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (That is, to bring Christ [The Messiah, the TEACHING of God's so great a salvation, or more precisely the GIFT of RIGHTEOUSNESS and the ANOINTING of the Holy Spirit to walk in RIGHTEOUSNESS] down from above:)

7. Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ [The Messiah, the THIS COMMANDMENT] again from the dead.)

8. But what says it? (Speaking of the word of prophecy concerning the Messiah, THIS COMMANDMENT in the SINGULAR) The word is nigh you, even in your mouth, and in your heart: that is, the word of FAITH, which we PREACH; (Speaking of the THIS COMMANDMENT, the gospel of our salvation to BELIEVE that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of the living God who is the END of the law FOR RIGHTEOUSNESS)

9. That IF you (DO IT, as in, IF you OBEY the THIS COMMANDMENT that Yahweh prophesied would come. If you shall) shall CONFESS with your mouth the Lord Jesus, and shall BELIEVE in your heart that God hath raised him from the dead, you shall be saved.

10. For with the heart man believes unto RIGHTEOUSNESS; and with the mouth CONFESSION is made unto SALVATION.

11. For the scripture says, Whosoever BELIEVES on him shall not be ashamed.

12. For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.

13. For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.”


Please understand that the Bible does NOT teach a grace ALONE with NO works salvation. Yes, the initials step of being cleansed of all our past sins is completely by grace without any works of righteousness. But every TRUE born-again Christians knows that they must work, labor, strive, resist, and fight against the temptations to sin. TRUE Christianity is NOT doing whatever your flesh begs you to do. More on this later but for now let us read Deuteronomy 30:14 alongside Romans 10:8 which is the beginning of the fulfillment of the law and the prophets.


Deuteronomy 30:14.


But the word is very nigh unto you, in your mouth, and in your heart, that you may do IT.” (Speaking of the THIS COMMANDMENT in the SINGULAR)


Romans 10:8.


“But what says it? (Speaking of the word of PROPHECY concerning the Messiah) The word is nigh you, even in your mouth, and in your heart: that is, the word of FAITH, which we PREACH;  (That you may DO IT by BELIEVING the gospel of Jesus Christ and CONFESS HIM as your Messiah, the THIS COMMANDMENT prophesied in Deuteronomy 30:10-14)


Now I want you to read the LITERAL translation and pay close attention to the UNTRANSLATED Hebrew letters, the Aleph, and the Tav. The English pronunciation is “ath”. Someone far more knowledgeable in the Hebrew language taught me about the Aleph and the Tav as being a marker or a Selah or a pause and think about these verse pertaining to the Messiah. So simply replace the untranslated Aleph tav with the name Jesus, Yeshua, or the Messiah, the word made flesh. Also, notice that the LITERAL translation uses the pronouns he and him as opposed to the pronoun it.


Deuteronomy 30:14 from the LITERAL translation.


“That near to you the word exceedingly in the mouth of you and in HEART of you to to do OF HIM.”


So you see that verse 14 literally reads to do of HIM speaking of to obey the commandments of the MESSIAH. In other words, the phrase THIS COMMANDMENT is the ONE commandment that Yahweh gave to the children of Israel to obey. And this ONE commandment is a prophecy to the children of Israel that is given as a SIGN for them to believe in their Messiah when he comes.


Now read the fulfillment again in Romans 10:1-13.


...that is, the word of FAITH, which we PREACH;  (That you may DO IT by BELIEVING the gospel of Jesus Christ and CONFESS HIM as your Messiah and OBEY HIM who I Yahweh have commanded HIM to SPEAK. NOTICE that in the LITERAL the pronoun  “IT” is translated as to do OF HIM. In other words, the meaning of THIS COMMANDMENT is that God shall write upon your heart to OBEY what my MESSIAH teaches you to DO. And if you disobey HIM you shall be destroyed. Acts 3:23)


In other words, we are not commanded to obey what Jesus DID. But rather we are commanded to obey what Jesus TAUGHT his disciples to do.  Can you not see that, IF SO BE, that we are to obey what Jesus DID, then we all must die on the cross or suffer martyrdom in order to be saved? The Bible teaches us in the New Testament that we are to follow his steps or his example of overcoming SIN. And IF we fall into temptation and sin then we overcome those sins by CONFESSING those sins. This is what Jesus means when he says the LEAST of these commandments.

To say this another way, the LEAST that we are required to do is to OVERCOME the world. And 1 John 5:5 teaches us that whosoever BELIEVES in Jesus has OVERCOME the world.


“Who is he that overcomes the world, but he that BELIEVES that Jesus is the Son of God?”


Let us read that verse in its context.


Please read 1 John 5:1-5.


Whosoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God: (And as soon as a person believes they have OVERCOME the world. But there is more to being saved than just saying a sinner's prayer. We must CONTINUE to believe unto the END. And the end means to the end of our physical life or when Jesus returns. And if we truly BELIEVE then we will OBEY the commandments that Jesus has given us to obey. Remember that Yahweh gave us the THIS COMMANDMENT in the SINGULAR that we must obey what his MESSIAH tells us to do. And what Jesus has taught us to do is written down for us in the New Testament of our Bible. So when you see the word commandments in the New Testament that we are being taught to keep it is NOT referring to the Law of Moses contained in ordinances) and everyone that loves him that begat loves him also that is begotten of him.

2. By this, we know that we love the children of God when we love God and keep his commandments.

3. For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous. (Again, the commandments that Yahweh gave to Jesus to give to us, as Christians, are not grievous. But the keeping of the Law of Moses IS INDEED VERY GRIEVOUS. But to obey the LAW of FAITH is NOT grievous)

4. For whatsoever is born of God overcomes the world: and this is the VICTORY that overcomes the world, EVEN OUR FAITH.(The THIS COMMANDMENT to believe on the Messiah and to obey HIS teachings that were prophesied to come)

5. Who is he that OVERCOMES the world, but he that BELIEVES that Jesus is the Son of God?”


That is the LEAST that we must do in order to receive eternal life in the world to come. But Jesus also taught us to do GOOD WORKS. We are to have the mind of Jesus Christ and esteem others better than ourselves. We are to do the same good works that Jesus did. And some of these good works are healing the sick in the name of Jesus. And good works like helping the poor, being kind to others, and simply bearing the fruits of the Spirit.

You see, the Christians that sincerely believe with all their heart that they must obey the Law of Moses are reading INTO the scriptures that are in the New Testament their own personal interpretation of the words LAW, and COMMANDMENTS. In other words, every time that seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians read the words LAW and COMMANDMENTS in the New Testament they wrongly interpret these words to always mean the LAW of MOSES.


Let us now go back and read Romans 2:13 in its CONTEXT.


Please read Romans 2:13-15.


“(For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified.(NOT the law of Moses but rather the MORAL Law of God written upon of CONSCIENCE because the context is speaking about the Gentiles who do NOT have the law of Moses)

14.  FOR (Or BECAUSE) when the Gentiles, which have NOT the law (Speaking of the Law of Moses contained in ORDINANCES of all the feast days, animal sacrifices, the Sabbath day, the dietary laws and all the rudimentary services to God), do by nature the things contained in the law (Speaking of the MORAL laws of God CONTAINED it the Law of Moses), these, having NOT the law (Of Moses contained in ORDINANCES), are a law (Or have the MORAL Law of God) unto themselves:

15. Which show the work of the law (Speaking of the MORAL law of God to know right from wrong) written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)”


So then, the LAW that Paul is referring to in Romans 2:13 is the MORAL LAW of knowing what is right and what is wrong that is written on the CONSCIENCE of every human being. It is NOT the LAW of Moses that justifies anyone. Paul is saying that IF a Gentile who has never even heard of the Law of Moses should obey or be a DOER of the LAW written on his CONSCIENCE then that obedience to the law of God written on his conscience would be accounted to him for righteousness.

But then Paul goes on to say that the Gentiles obey the law written on their consciences only some of the time. And when they sin against the law written of their conscience they make excuses that they are not sinning. The key word is IF. And that is the whole problem, Everyone has sinned at least one time in their life. So we ALL have fallen short of the glory of God.

My point right now is that the word LAW does NOT always mean the Law of Moses. As we have just seen, the word LAW can also mean the MORAL LAW that is written upon of CONSCIENCE. Yes, the MORAL law is indeed CONTAINED within the Law of Moses, but the Law of Moses is ALSO contained in many ORDINANCES. More on this in a moment. For now, let us look at the LAW of FAITH.


Please read Romans 3:23-31.


“For ALL have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; (And not only that but God has CONCLUDED every last Jew to be UNDER SIN. Please read Romans 11:32.For God has CONCLUDED them ALL in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.” And that means that EVERY BRANCH of the natural Olive tree which we know is that is symbolic for the children of Israel has been CUT OFF. And the ONLY way for the Jews to be graft back into the root or trunk of the natural Olive tree to become a people that are accepted by God as being righteous is to believe and obey the THIS COMMANDMENT that was prophesied to come in Deuteronomy 30:10-14.)

24. Being justified freely BY his GRACE through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:

25. Whom God has set forth to be a propitiation through FAITH in his blood, to declare HIS RIGHTEOUSNESS for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;

26. To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that HE might be just, and the justifier of him which believes in Jesus. (God's WILL is that we be HIS WORKMANSHIP and NOT our OWN workmanship)

27. Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what LAW? of works (Speaking of being a DOER of the law of Moses)? NAY (Or absolutely NOT): but BY the LAW OF FAITH. (Speaking of the THIS COMMANDMENT prophesied in Deuteronomy 30: 11-14 that we must keep in order to be saved)

28. THEREFORE we (The very Apostles of Jesus Christ) CONCLUDE that a man is justified BY FAITH WITHOUT the deeds of the LAW. (Speaking of the law of Moses contained in ORDINANCES)

29. Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also:

30. Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision BY FAITH, and uncircumcision THROUGH FAITH.

31. Do we then make void the LAW (Speaking of the MORAL law written on our CONSCIENCE that is also CONTAINED in the Law of Moses. God word never make void his MORAL LAW) through FAITH? God forbid: yea, we establish the LAW.”


Again, speaking of the MORAL LAW of God written upon the CONSCIENCE of every human being. And now God has written his MORAL LAW upon our HEARTS. You see it takes FAITH in the PROMISE of Almighty God to overcome sin. One day I asked God why I could not seem to overcome this one sin. I mean that I could overcome it for a WHILE, but I would always give in to that temptation in the future. And God told me to my face that I was not BELIEVING that I could overcome that sin. God then asked me a question. He said to me, have you ever resisted a sin, any sin, just one time in your life and you successfully did not give in to that temptation to not sin? I answered back and said, of course, I have many times. Then God told me to my face that if I have resisted just one sin, any sin, to not give in to that temptation to sin then I could resist ANY sin EVERY time if I just BELIEVED that I could.

It took awhile for that to sink in and fully understand what God was telling me. But after I starting BELIEVING the PROMISE of God I did indeed overcome that one sin that I thought that I would never overcome. I cannot put in words the JOY of being FREE from the bondage of sin knowing that I do NOT have to do what my flesh begs me to do. And eventually, the enemy left off tempting me. Oh, he comes back every now and then but only for one or two attempts to try to get me to give in to one of his temptations. And then he leaves again for months at a time. Please read the study “HOW TO LIVE YOUR LIFE FREE FROM SIN!”

What I want my readers to see in this study is that the words, LAW, and COMMANDMENTS do NOT always mean the law of Moses. We have already seen that the word “law” can also mean the law written on our CONSCIENCE before we became a Christian. And that the word “law” also means the MORAL law of God that he writes upon our heart AFTER we become a true born-again Christian. Now let us look at the teachings of Jesus to see that the law and the commandments can also mean the NEW COMMANDMENTS that Jesus gave to us under the NEW COVENANT written in the New Testament.


Please read Matthew 22:33-40.


“And when the multitude heard this, they were astonished at his doctrine. (Or his TEACHINGS)

34. But when the Pharisees had heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, they were gathered together. (Those who do not truly believe the TEACHINGS of Jesus will try to twist his words)

35. Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying,

36. Master, which is the great commandment in the law?

37. Jesus said unto him, You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.

38. This is the first and great commandment.

39. And the second is like unto it, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.

40. On these TWO commandments hang ALL the law AND the prophets.”


The apostles of Jesus taught us the SAME two commandments by summing them together saying that if we say that we love God, then we will LOVE the brethren.

 

Please read 1 John 4:20,21.

 

“If a man says, I love God, and hates his brother, he is a liar: for he that loves not his brother whom he has seen, how can he love God whom he has not seen?

21. And THIS COMMANDMENT have we from him, That he who loves God love his brother also.”

 


I personally think that Paul summarizing the two commandments of Jesus the best in Romans 13:8-10 by saying that when we walk in love toward one another we will NOT break any of the MORAL commandments of Yahweh that he gave to Moses to give to the children of Israel for them to keep throughout their generations.

 

Please read Romans 13:8-10.

 

“Owe no man anything, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.

9. For this, (Or for you see, in doing this one commandment to one another) You shall not commit adultery, You shall not kill, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness, You shall not covet; and if there be ANY OTHER commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, You shall LOVE your neighbor as yourself. (This ONE commandment to walk in love toward one another is easy to remember. And if you forget the Holy Spirit dwelling in you will REMIND you when you are NOT walking in LOVE toward others. For you see, the Holy Spirit will convict us when we break any MORAL Law of God. He even warns us when we are about to sin by not doing unto others as we would have them do unto us.)

10. LOVE works NO ill to his neighbor: THEREFORE LOVE is the FULFILLING of the LAW.

 

But even as SIMPLE as the gospel of Jesus Christ makes it there as still some Christians that desire to be TEACHERS of the law of Moses. Paul says that they have SWERVED and turned to the side desiring to be teachers of the Law of Moses which is VAIN jangling or empty meaningless talk that brings discord among the brethren.

 

Please read 1 Timothy 5:5-11.

 

Now the END of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned: (In other words, the END of the LAW OF MOSES is the one commandment to walk in LOVE toward one another to do unto others as we would have them do unto us and therefore FULFILLING the law of God)

6. From which SOME having SWERVED have TURNED ASIDE unto VAIN jangling;

7. Desiring to be teachers of the law;(Of Moses) understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm. (Not that they do not understand the LETTER of the law. But rather that they are wrongly teaching Christians the keep the LETTER of the Law of Moses when they should be teaching the SPIRITUAL MEANING of why the Law of Moses contained in ORDINANCES was ADDED in the first place)

8. But we know that the law is good IF a man uses it lawfully; (In other words, we should be teaching the MEANING OF why the Law of Moses contained in ORDINANCES was given to the children of Israel for THEM to keep throughout THEIR GENERATIONS. The children of Israel need to know and understand that the ceremonial laws contained in ordinances are a SCHOOLMASTER to lead them to their Messiah who we know to be Jesus)

9. Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, (Meaning that we, as Christians, who are made RIGHTEOUS through Jesus Christ are not under the law of Moses) but (The law of Moses was ADDED) for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,

10. For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;

11. ACCORDING TO the glorious GOSPEL of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust.”


Please notice that verses 10 and 11 say SOUND DOCTRINE ACCORDING TO the glorious GOSPEL and NOT according to the Law of Moses. The New Testament teaches that we are to obey the TRUTH of the GOSPEL. There is nothing taught by the apostles of Jesus that we as Christians are to obey the Law of Moses for ANY reason. And the entire Old Testament points to the Messiah. Therefore, Romans 2:13 has nothing whatsoever to do with being a doer of the Law of Moses as some Judaizing Christians wrongly interpret this verse to mean. Again, the seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians WRONGLY interpret the word LAW and COMMANDMENTS to mean the Law of Moses. And by doing so they are twisting the scriptures to the OWN DESTRUCTION as Peter warns in 2 Peter 3:16. Please read the study WHAT DOES REVELATION 22:14 TRULY MEAN? In that study I will cover the warning in 2 Peter 3:16 and also reveal to you what I used to teach in error concerning Revelation 22:14.

And if you are truly seeking the TRUTH about whether or not Christians should keep the weekly Sabbath day please read the studies under the heading “>>>WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?<<<


Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies that I gave links to throughout this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below along with all the studies that I have on this subject. Also, below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.

Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

Brother Mark.

 

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Some Christians CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's day.

Please read all the studies linked within this study and all the studies linked below. This study was just the TIP of the iceberg of exposing the ERRORS of interpretation made by the Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping churches, and the Sunday first day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians. All of the studies listed below can be sent to a brother or sister caught up in the Hebrew Roots Movement or a Sabbath-keeping church by sending them this one link “>>>WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?<<<”

Or you can pick and choose any of the links below to send to them or read for yourself. Be sure to read the HISTORICAL evidence if you have not already done so. I post the SAME historical evidence at the end of almost every study on this subject of the Sabbath day. But if you want to read it again you may see something that did not stand out before.

 

“YES CHRISTIANS MUST KEEP THE SABBATH!”

“JESUS IS LORD OF THE SABBATH!”

“MATTHEW 5:17-19 SABBATH TRUTH!”

“MATTHEW 24:20 FUTURE SABBATH KEEPING!”

“SABBATH TRUTH REMEMBER THE SABBATH!”

“REALLY ONLY NINE OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS?”

“MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE 4th COMMANDMENT?”

“SABBATH KEEPING VERSUS SUNDAY WORSHIP?”

“60 ARGUMENTS FOR THE SABBATH!”

“IS JESUS OUR SABBATH REST?”

“THE SABBATH REST IS A SIGN!”

“THE SABBATH, SUNDAY, OR NEITHER DAY?”

“WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?”

“HAS GOD'S LAW BEEN ABOLISHED? (Matthew 5:17-19)”

“IS SATURDAY THE LORD'S DAY?”

“WAS JESUS RESURRECTED ON SUNDAY?”

“JESUS WORDS ONLY! SABBATH TRUTH!”

“IS PAUL A TRUE APOSTLE OF JESUS?”

“IS THE APOSTLE PAUL A FALSE TEACHER?”

“DO PAUL'S TEACHINGS CONTRADICT JESUS?”

“MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE DIETARY LAWS?”

“ACTS 10 PETER'S VISION OF CLEANSED MEATS?”

“IS THE HEBREWS ROOT MOVEMENT BIBLICAL?”

“119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 1”

“119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 2”

“WHO ARE THE TRUE JEWS?”

“ARE BLACK AFRICANS THE TRUE HEBREWS?”

“WHAT IS THE ONE TRUE CHURCH?”

 

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Again, some Christians make the CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's Day.

Here is a NON BIAS historical account found in a letter from Pliny the Younger to Trojan concerning the Christians.

Pliny was a Roman who persecuted and killed Christians, so again this is a historical NON BIAS account of WHEN Christians gathered together.

Here is what Pliny says in his letter to Trojan. The EMPHASIS and comments in parenthesis are my own:

 

“That they were WONT (Or as they were ACCUSTOMED and USED to do, or in the HABIT of doing), on a STATED day (Or on a CERTAIN preset day), to meet together BEFORE IT WAS LIGHT, and to sing a hymn to Christ, as to a god, alternately; and to oblige themselves by a sacrament [or oath], not to do anything that was ill: but that they would commit no theft, or pilfering, or adultery; that they would not break their promises, or deny what was deposited with them, when it was required back again; after which it was their CUSTOM to depart, AND to meet AGAIN at a common but innocent meal,(So after they had worship service early morning beginning before day light, they would depart and they come back together later that same day to share a common simple meal together and most likely break bread together as other early church writers give more detail) which they had left off upon that edict which I published at your command, and wherein I had forbidden any such conventicles (Or religious meetings).”

 

Below are some quotes of early church writers that clearly teach us that the early church did NOT keep the Sabbath day, as in, on SATURDAY, the 7th day of the week, but rather the early church throughout history from it's beginning worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, which is sometimes referred to as the EIGHTH day of the week or the day AFTER the Sabbath day, or the LORD'S DAY. (The emphasis is mine in these quotes given below):

The year AD or date is given first and then the source is given at the end followed by the quote from that historical source. The Apostle John was still alive until 100 AD.

 

#1. 90 AD DIDACHE:

"Christian Assembly on the Lord's Day:

 

1. But every Lord's day do ye gather yourselves together, and break bread, and give thanksgiving after having confessed your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure.

2. But let no one that is at variance with his fellow come together with you, until they be reconciled, that your sacrifice may not be profaned.

3. For this is that which was spoken by the Lord: In every place and time offer to me a pure sacrifice; for I am a great King, saith the Lord, and my name is wonderful among the nations." (Didache: The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, Chapter XIV)

 

#2. 100 AD BARNABAS:

 

"We keep the eighth day [Sunday] with joyfulness, the day also on which Jesus rose again from the dead" (The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD 15:6-8).

 

#3. 100 AD BARNABAS:

 

Moreover, God says to the Jews, 'Your new moons and Sabbaths I cannot endure.' You see how he says, 'The present Sabbaths are not acceptable to me, but the Sabbath which I have made in which, when I have rested [heaven: Heb 4] from all things, I will make the beginning of the eighth day which is the beginning of another world.' Wherefore we Christians keep the eighth day for joy, on which also Jesus arose from the dead and when he appeared ascended into heaven. (15:8f, The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, pg. 147)

 

#4. 110 AD Pliny:

 

They were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a god, and bound themselves by a solemn oath not to (do) any wicked deeds, never to commit any fraud, theft, or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up; after which it was their custom to separate, and then reassemble to partake of good food—but food of an ordinary and innocent kind. (About three years after the death of Ignatius in 250, an important official communication was sent from one Pliny to Trojan the Roman emperor. Pliny, the Roman governor of Bithynia, wrote of the Christians who had been congregating there probably from at least A.D. 62 onwards. In this remark, it is explicitly stated that these early Christians observed the substance of most of the Ten Commandments, and it is implied that they observed all ten as far as they were able to do so. As far as they were able, for as most of the early Christians were of slave stock or from other lower classes'-, and those who had heathen masters or employers—the vast majority—would be forced to work on THEIR day of rest, which was unfortunately an official working day throughout the empires' until Constantine's "Sabbath" Edict in 321 A.D. gave them some measure of public protection. Hence one reads that after meeting "on a certain FIXED day before it was light", the first century Bithynian Christians had "to separate"—many of them having to labor for their masters and/or employers from dawn to dusk—"and then reassemble to partake of . . . food". The "certain fixed day" [stato die"'] on which the Christians met, is regarded by Seventh-day Adventists as Saturday'-. Certainly, the expression would seem to indicate a regular day of meeting, probably each week. But Sunday is FAR more likely to have been the "certain fixed day" than Saturday. For if Pliny had been referring to the old Saturday Sabbath, as a Roman he would doubtless have referred to the "later" meeting first and only then to the morning meeting on the day after the "certain fixed day", seeing that the old Saturday Sabbath was demarcated from the evening of one day to the evening of the following day. But Pliny makes no such reference. Instead, he mentions that the pre-dawn meeting took place first—and only afterward, the later meeting; and that both meetings took place on the SAME "certain fixed day". This rather points to the Roman (and—more importantly!—New Testament) midnight to midnight demarcation of modern Sunday-keepers than to the evening to evening demarcation of the Jews and the Seventh-day Adventists.) (The Covenantal Sabbath, Francis Nigel Lee, Pg 242)

 

Also, I myself will further add to the comment of the writer above that mere common sense plainly teaches us that Pliny was clearly speaking of SUNDAY because the LAW that Constantine passed was not to mandate work on SUNDAY, so that these Christians could worship God on SUNDAY. So the CLAIM by the Seventh Day Advent church that the fixed day of worship for Christians was a Saturday is FALSE. Otherwise, Constantine would have made it a law that employers allow Christians off for work on a Saturday rather than on a Sunday.

This PROVES beyond any shadow of a doubt that the Christians were ALREADY worshiping God on SUNDAY, the FIRST DAY of the week from the very beginning of the church on the day of Pentecost. The truth of the matter is that Constantine only made it easier for Christians to worship God on Sunday without being persecuted by their employers or owners by passing the EDICT making it a LAW to force heathen employers to let their employees have at least some time off from work so that they could worship God on SUNDAY.

Every Sabbath keeper will AGREE that Constantine's “SABBATH” is referring to SUNDAY as the day of the week and NOT as Saturday being the REST for Christians. Again, all that Constantine did was to pass a law making it EASIER for Christians to worship on the DAY that they had ALREADY been worshiping on since the very beginning, at the DAY of PENTECOST, which is on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week that Christian called the LORD'S day, the day our Lord rose from the grave.

Open your EYES dear child of God and read what these early church writings are teaching us about the EARLIEST believers as to which day the early church worshiped God. SUNDAY has ALWAYS been the Sabbath or the day of REST of the early church and the church throughout its entire history.

 

#5. 150 AD EPISTLE OF THE APOSTLES:

 

-I [Christ] have come into being on the eighth day which is the day of the Lord. (18)

 

#6. 150 AD JUSTIN.

 

"He then speaks of those Gentiles, namely us, who in every place offer sacrifices to Him, i.e., the bread of the Eucharist, and also the cup of the Eucharist, affirming both that we glorify His name, and that you profane [it]. The command of circumcision, again, bidding [them] always circumcise the children on the eighth day, was a type of the true circumcision, by which we are circumcised from deceit and iniquity through Him who rose from the dead on the first day AFTER the Sabbath, [namely through] our Lord Jesus Christ. For the first day after the Sabbath, remaining the first of all the days, is called, however, the eighth, according to the number of all the days of the cycle, and [yet] remains the first." (Justin, Dialogue 41:4)

 

#7. 150 AD JUSTIN:

 

...those who have persecuted and do persecute Christ, if they do not repent, shall not inherit anything on the holy mountain. But the Gentiles, who have believed on Him, and have repented of the sins which they have committed, they shall receive the inheritance along with the patriarchs and the prophets, and the just men who are descended from Jacob, even although they neither keep the Sabbath, nor are circumcised, nor observe the feasts. Assuredly they shall receive the holy inheritance of God. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 207)

 

#8. 150 AD JUSTIN:

 

But if we do not admit this, we shall be liable to fall into foolish opinion, as if it were not the same God who existed in the times of Enoch and all the rest, who neither were circumcised after the flesh, nor observed Sabbaths, nor any other rites, seeing that Moses enjoined such observances... For if there was no need of circumcision before Abraham, or of the observance of Sabbaths, of feasts and sacrifices, before Moses; no more need is there of them now, after that, according to the will of God, Jesus Christ the Son of God has been born without sin, of a virgin sprung from the stock of Abraham. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 206)

 

#9. 150 AD JUSTIN:

 

Moreover, all those righteous men already mentioned [after mentioning Adam. Abel, Enoch, Lot, Noah, Melchizedek, and Abraham], though they kept no Sabbaths, were pleasing to God; and after them Abraham with all his descendants until Moses... And you [fleshly Jews] were commanded to keep Sabbaths, that you might retain the memorial of God. For His word makes this announcement, saying, "That you may know that I am God who redeemed you." (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 204)

 

#10. 150 AD JUSTIN.

 

There is no other thing for which you blame us, my friends, is there than this? That we do not live according to the Law, nor, are we circumcised in the flesh as your forefathers, nor do we observe the Sabbath as you do. (Dialogue with Trypho 10:1. In verse 3 the Jew Trypho acknowledges that Christians 'do not keep the Sabbath.')

 

#11. 155 AD Justin Martyr:

 

"[W]e too would observe the fleshly circumcision, and the Sabbaths, and in short all the feasts, if we did not know for what REASON they were enjoined [on] you--namely, on account of your transgressions and the hardness of your heart. . . . [H]ow is it, Trypho, that we would not observe those rites which do not harm us--I speak of fleshly circumcision AND Sabbaths AND feasts? . . . God enjoined you [Jews] to keep the Sabbath and impose on you other precepts for a sign, as I have already said, on account of your unrighteousness and that of your fathers" (Dialogue with Trypho the Jew 18, 21).

 

#12. 180 AD ACTS OF PETER:

 

Paul had often contended with the Jewish teachers and had confuted them (Or refuted them completely), saying 'it is Christ on whom your fathers laid hands. He abolished their Sabbath and fasts and festivals and circumcision.' (1: I)-2

 

 

#13. 180 AD GOSPEL OF PETER:

 

Early in the morning when (the Sabbath dawned, a multitude from Jerusalem and the surrounding country came to see the scaled sepulcher. In the night in which the Lord's day dawned, while the soldiers in pairs for each watch were keeping guard, a great voice came from heaven. [There follows an account of the resurrection. Early in the morning of the Lord's day Mary Magdalene, a disciple of the Lord .... came to the sepulcher. (9:34f.; 12:50f.)

 

 

#14. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:

 

(in commenting on each of the Ten Commandments and their Christian meaning:) The seventh day is proclaimed a day of rest, PREPARING by abstention from evil FOR the Primal day, our TRUE rest. (Ibid. VII. xvi. 138.1)

 

I will add that the meaning of the word “Primal” means an “ARCHETYPAL” which means an original TYPE pointing to the TRUE. So this early church writer is saying what Paul teaches us in scripture that the things in the OLD Testament are TYPES and SHADOWS or the TRUE which was to come. Jesus became our SABBATH, and we have entered into our REST being in Jesus Christ. The SABBATH was an ARCHETYPAL pointing toward our TRUE REST which was to come being FULFILLED in the ATONEMENT of Jesus.

 

 

#15. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:

 

He does the commandment according to the Gospel and keeps the Lord's day, whenever he puts away an evil mind . . . glorifying the Lord's resurrection in himself. (Ibid. Vii.xii.76.4)

 

 

#16. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:

 

Plato prophetically speaks of the Lord's day in the tenth book of the Republic, in these words: 'And when seven days have passed to each of them in the meadow, on the eighth they must go on." (Miscellanies V.xiv.106.2)

 

 

#17. 200 AD BARDESANES:

 

Wherever we are, we are all called after the one name of Christ Christians. On one day, the first of the week, we assemble ourselves together (On Fate)

 

 

#18. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

"We solemnize the day AFTER Saturday in contradistinction to those who call this day their Sabbath" (Tertullian's Apology, Ch 16)

 

In other words, Tertullian is saying that we Christians DISTINGUISH us from the JEWS who hold Saturday as THEIR Sabbath by solemnizing or referencing the day AFTER Saturday as our day of worship and rest.

 

 

#19. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

 

It follows, accordingly, that, in so far as the abolition of carnal circumcision and of the old law is demonstrated as having been consummated at its specific times, so also the observance of the Sabbath is demonstrated to have been temporary. (An Answer to the Jews 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 155)

 

 

#20. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

 

Let him who contends that the Sabbath is still to be observed a balm of salvation, and circumcision on the eighth day because of the threat of death, teach us that in earliest times righteous men kept Sabbath or practiced circumcision, and so were made friends of God. .. ...Therefore, since God originated Adam uncircumcised, and inobservant of the Sabbath, consequently his offspring also, Abel, offering Him sacrifices, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was by Him commended... Noah also, uncircumcised - yes, and inobservant of the Sabbath - God freed from the deluge. For Enoch, too, most righteous man, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, He translated from this world... Melchizedek also, "the priest of most high God," uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was chosen to the priesthood of God. (An Answer to the Jews 2:10; 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 153)

 

 

#21. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

 

Others . . . suppose that the sun is the god of the Christians because it is well-known that we regard Sunday as a day of joy. (To the Nations 1: 133)

 

Keep in mind that this was well BEFORE Constantine SUPPOSEDLY CHANGED the day of rest and worship to Sunday as the Seventh Day Adventist church CLAIMS. But in TRUTH, Christians had ALREADY been worshiping God on Sunday, the FIRST day of the week that they also called the Lord’s Day, the day that our Lord and Savior Jesus rose from the dead.

So, as early as Tertullian in 200 AD there were groups of JEWS and Christian JEWS who ASSUMED or who SUPPOSED, or who FALSELY ACCUSED Christians of worshiping God on SUNDAY that they were worshiping a sun god and not the true God.

 

 

#22. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

 

To us Sabbaths are foreign. (On Idolatry, 14:6)4

 

 

#23. 220 AD ORIGEN:

 

"On Sunday none of the actions of the world should be done. If then, you abstain from all the works of this world and keep yourselves free for spiritual things, go to church, listen to the readings and divine homilies, meditate on heavenly things. (Homil. 23 in Numeros 4, PG 12:749)

 

 

#24. 220 AD Origen:

 

"Hence it is not possible that the [day of] rest after the Sabbath should have come into existence from the seventh [day] of our God. On the contrary, it is our Savior who, after the pattern of his own rest, caused us to be made in the likeness of his death, and hence also of his resurrection" (Commentary on John 2:28).

 

 

#25. 225 AD The Didascalia:

 

"The apostles further appointed: On the first day of the week let there be service, and the reading of the Holy Scriptures, and the oblation, because on the first day of the week our Lord rose from the place of the dead, and on the first day of the week he arose upon the world, and on the first day of the week he ascended up to heaven, and on the first day of the week he will appear at last with the angels of heaven" (Didascalia 2).

 

And I add further that the church BEGAN on the day of Pentecost, on a SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week. The early church evidence and the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible, make it quite clear that the early church worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, called the LORD'S day and that they did NOT KEEP the Sabbath day as the JEWS.

 

 

#26. 250 AD CYPRIAN:

 

The eight day, that is, the first day after the Sabbath, and the Lord's Day." (Epistle 58, Sec 4)

 

 

#27. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

 

"If, therefore, those who were brought up in the ancient order of things have come to the possession of a new hope, no longer observing the Sabbath, but living in the observance of the Lord's Day, on which also our life has sprung up again by Him and by His death-whom some deny, by which mystery we have obtained faith, and therefore endure, that we may be found the disciples of Jesus Christ, our only Master-how shall we be able to live apart from Him, whose disciples the prophets themselves in the Spirit did wait for Him as their Teacher? And therefore He whom they rightly waited for, being come, raised them from the dead. If, then, those who were conversant with the ancient Scriptures came to newness of hope, expecting the coming of Christ, as the Lord teaches us when He says, "If ye had believed Moses, ye would have believed Me, for he wrote of Me; " and again, "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad; for before Abraham was, I am; " how shall we be able to live without Him? The prophets were His servants, and foresaw Him by the Spirit, and waited for Him as their Teacher, and expected Him as their Lord and Saviour, saying, "He will come and save us." Let us therefore NO longer keep the Sabbath after the Jewish manner, and rejoice in days of idleness; for "he that does not work, let him not eat." For say the [holy] oracles, "In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat thy bread." But let every one of you keep the Sabbath after a spiritual manner, rejoicing in meditation on the law, NOT in relaxation of the body, admiring the workmanship of God, and not eating things prepared the day before, nor using lukewarm drinks, and walking within a prescribed space, nor finding delight in dancing and plaudits which have no sense in them. And after the observance of the Sabbath, let every friend of Christ keep the Lord's Day as a festival, the resurrection-day, the queen and chief of all the days [of the week]. Looking forward to this, the prophet declared, "To the end, for the eighth day," on which our life both sprang up again, and the victory over death was obtained in Christ, whom the children of perdition, the enemies of the Saviour, deny, "whose god is their belly, who mind earthly things," who are "lovers of pleasure, and not lovers of God, having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof." These make merchandise of Christ, corrupting His word, and giving up Jesus to sale: they are corrupters of women, and covetous of other men's possessions, swallowing up wealth insatiably; from whom may ye be delivered by the mercy of God through our Lord Jesus Christ! (Epistle of Ignatius to the Magnesians, Chapter IX)

 

 

#28. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

 

"On the day of the preparation, then, at the third hour, He received the sentence from Pilate, the Father permitting that to happen; at the sixth hour He was crucified; at the ninth hour He gave up the ghost; and before sunset He was buried. During the Sabbath He continued under the earth in the tomb in which Joseph of Arimathaea had laid Him. At the dawning of the Lord's day He arose from the dead, according to what was spoken by Himself, "As Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of man also be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. "The day of the preparation, then, comprises the passion; the Sabbath embraces the burial; the Lord's Day contains the resurrection." (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians, chapter 9)

 

 

#29. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

 

If anyone fasts on the Lord's Day or on the Sabbath, except on the paschal Sabbath only, he is a murderer of Christ. (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Philippians, chapter 8)

 

 

#30. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

 

"This [custom], of not bending the knee upon Sunday, is a symbol of the resurrection, through which we have been set free, by the grace of Christ, from sins, and from death, which has been put to death under Him. Now this custom took its rise from apostolic times, as the blessed Irenaeus, the martyr and bishop of Lyons, declares in his treatise On Easter, in which he makes mention of Pentecost also; upon which [feast] we do not bend the knee, because it is of equal significance with the Lord's day, for the reason already alleged concerning it." (Ignatius, Fragments)

 

 

#31. 300 AD Victorinus:

 

"The sixth day [Friday] is called parasceve, that is to say, the preparation of the kingdom. . . . On this day also, on account of the passion of the Lord Jesus Christ, we make either a station to God or a fast. On the seventh day, he rested from all his works, and blessed it, and sanctified it. On the former day, we are accustomed to fast rigorously, that on the Lord's day we may go forth to our bread with giving of thanks. And let the parasceve become a rigorous fast, lest we should APPEAR to observe ANY Sabbath with the Jews . . . which Sabbath he [Christ] in his body ABOLISHED" (The Creation of the World).

 

 

#32. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:

 

"They did not, therefore, regard circumcision, NOR observe the Sabbath NEITHER do we; ... because such things as these do NOT belong to Christians" (Ecc. Hist., Book 1, Ch. 4)

 

 

#33. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:

 

[The Ebionites] were accustomed to observe the Sabbath and other Jewish customs but on the Lord's days to celebrate the same practices as we in remembrance of the resurrection of the Savior. (Church History Ill.xxvii.5)

 

 

I will also add that the Ebionites were Christians who were seduced by the Jews to keep the Jewish customs. In other words, the Ebionites were Judaized Christians. The Ebionites also taught the need to be circumcised in the flesh in order to be saved. Some today would not even consider Ebionites as being true Christians since they went back to trusting the Law of Moses to be saved.

 

 

#34. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:

 

"They [the pre- Mosaic saints of the Old Testament] did not care about circumcision of the body, neither do we [Christians]. They did not care about observing Sabbaths, nor do we. They did not avoid certain kinds of food, neither did they regard the other distinctions which Moses first delivered to their posterity to be observed as symbols; nor do Christians of the present day do such things" (Church History 1:4:8).

 

#35. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:

 

"The day of his [Christ's] light . . . was the day of his resurrection from the dead, which they say, as being the one and only truly holy day and the Lord's day, is better than any number of days as we ordinarily understand them, and better than the days set apart by the Mosaic Law for feasts, new moons, and Sabbaths, which the Apostle [Paul] teaches are the shadow of days and not days in reality" (Proof of the Gospel 4:16:186).

 

 

#36. 345 AD Athanasius:

 

"The Sabbath was the end of the first creation, the Lord's day was the beginning of the second, in which he renewed and restored the old in the same way as he prescribed that they should formerly observe the Sabbath as a memorial of the end of the first things, so we honor the Lord's day as being the memorial of the new creation" (On Sabbath and Circumcision 3).

 

 

#37. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:

 

Be not careless of yourselves, neither deprive your Saviour of His own members, neither divide His body nor disperse His members, neither prefer the occasions of this life to the word of God; but assemble yourselves together every day, morning and evening, singing psalms and praying in the Lord's house: in the morning saying the sixty-second Psalm, and in the evening the hundred and fortieth, but principally on the Sabbath-day. And on the day of our Lord's resurrection, which is the Lord's day, meet more diligently, sending praise to God that made the universe by Jesus, and sent Him to us, and condescended to let Him suffer, and raised Him from the dead. Otherwise what apology will he make to God who does not assemble on that day to hear the saving word concerning the resurrection, on which we pray thrice standing in memory of Him who arose in three days, in which is performed the reading of the prophets, the preaching of the Gospel, the oblation of the sacrifice, the gift of the holy food? (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 2)

 

 

#38. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:

 

"How We Ought to Assemble Together and to Celebrate the Festival Day of Our Saviour's Resurrection. On the day of the resurrection of the Lord, that is, the Lord's day, assemble yourselves together, without fail, giving thanks to God, and praising Him for those mercies God has bestowed upon you through Christ and has delivered you from ignorance, error, and bondage, that your sacrifice may be unspotted, and acceptable to God,..." (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 7)

 

 

#39. 350 AD Cyril of Jerusalem:

 

"Fall NOT AWAY either into the sect of the Samaritans or into Judaism, for Jesus Christ has henceforth ransomed you. Stand aloof from ALL observance of Sabbaths and from calling any indifferent meats common or unclean" (Catechetical Lectures 4:37).

 

 

#40. 360 AD Council of Laodicea:

 

"Christians should NOT Judaize and should NOT be idle on the Sabbath, but should work on that day; they should, however, particularly reverence the Lord's day and, if possible, not work on it, because they were Christians" (canon 29).

 

 

#41. 387 AD John Chrysostom:

 

"You have put on Christ, you have become a member of the Lord and been enrolled in the heavenly city, and you still grovel in the Law [of Moses]? How is it possible for you to obtain the kingdom? Listen to Paul's words, that the observance of the Law overthrows the gospel, and learn, if you will, how this comes to pass, and tremble, and shun this pitfall. Why do you keep the Sabbath and fast with the Jews?" (Homilies on Galatians 2:17).

 

#42. 412 AD Augustine:

 

"Well, now, I should like to be told what there is in these Ten Commandments, except the observance of the Sabbath, which ought NOT to be kept by a Christian . . . Which of these commandments would anyone say that the Christian ought not to keep? It is possible to contend that it is not the Law which was written on those two tables that the apostle [Paul] describes as 'the letter that kills' [2 Cor. 3:6], but the law of circumcision and the other sacred rites which are now abolished" (The Spirit and the Letter 24).

 

#43. 597 AD Gregory I:

 

"But after that, the grace of Almighty God, our Lord Jesus Christ, has appeared, the commandments of the Law which were spoken figuratively cannot be kept according to the letter. For if anyone says that this about the Sabbath is to be kept, he must need to say that carnal sacrifices are to be offered. He must say too that the commandment about the circumcision of the body is still to be retained. But let him hear the apostle Paul saying in opposition to him: 'If you be circumcised, Christ will profit you nothing' (Gal. 5:2)" (Letters 13:1).

 

 

Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies I gave links to at the beginning of this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below. Also below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.

 

Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

Brother Mark.

        

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