ARE the BLACK AFRICAN Negroid People



QUESTION #1. WHO are the ANCIENT Egyptians?

Basically, the two questions are, Were the ancient Egyptians the SAME as the modern-day Egyptians being of dark skin, but NOT being of full-blooded Black African Negroid people?

OR were the ancient Egyptians the full-blooded Black African Negroid people?

QUESTION #2. WHO are the Hebrews?

Are the HEBREW people, the chosen people of God, the Black African Negro people?


If so be that all Hebrew people, the chosen people of God, are Black African people, AND if so be that all ANCIENT Egyptians were Black African people, then this would mean that ALL the Black African EGYPTIAN people were HEBREW people as well. And therefore ALL ancient EGYPTIAN people were the CHOSEN people of God, the Israelite people?

Therefore, IF your answer to the first question above is YES the ancient EGYPTIANS were Black African Negro people.

And IF your answer to the second question above is YES Israelite chosen people of God were Black African Negro people as well, then according to the Bible, the Black African Negro people ENSLAVED their OWN people. In other words, the HEBREW people were enslaved by the HEBREW people living in Egypt IF SO BE that one dogmatically demands that BOTH the Hebrew people AND the Egyptian people were the Black African Negroid people.

But this is NOT what the Bible ITSELF teaches us. The Hebrew people were STRANGERS in the land of Egypt. Therefore the Hebrew people AND the Egyptian people cannot BOTH be the Black African people.

Please read Genesis 15:13-21.

“And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that your seed shall be a STRANGER in a land that is NOT theirs, and shall SERVE them (Or work for them, till for them, cultivate for them, be enslaved by them); and they shall AFFLICT them four hundred years;

14. And also that nation,(Speaking of a DIFFERENCE nation than the Hebrew people) whom they shall SERVE (The Hebrew people were in BONDAGE in Egypt and Pharaoh would NOT let them GO), will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance (AFTER the judgments of God, the Hebrew people were delivered out of the hands of the Egyptians).

15. And you shall go to your fathers in peace; you shall be buried in a good old age.

16. But in the fourth generation, they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.

17. And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

18. In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto your seed have I given this land, FROM the river of Egypt (The Nile River) UNTO the great river, the river Euphrates:

19. The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites,

20. And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims,

21. And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.”

Exodus 12:40,41.

“Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

41. And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.”

Acts 7:2-7.

“And he said, Men, brethren, and fathers, hearken; The God of glory appeared unto our father Abraham, WHEN he was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Charran,

3. And said unto him, Get you out of YOUR country, and from YOUR kindred, and come into the land which I shall show you.

4. Then came he out of the land of the Chaldaeans, and dwelt in Charran: and from thence, when his father was dead, he removed him into this land, wherein you now dwell.

5. And he gave him none inheritance in it, no, not so much as to set his foot on: yet he promised that he would give it to him for a possession, and to his seed after him, when as yet he had no child.

6. And God spoke on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange land; and that they should bring them into BONDAGE, and entreat them EVIL four hundred years.

7. And the nation to whom they shall be in BONDAGE will I judge, said God: and after that shall they come forth, and serve me in this place.”

Galatians 3:16-29.

“Now TO Abraham AND his seed were the promises made. He said not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to your seed, which is Christ.

17. And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God IN Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.

18. For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.

19. Wherefore then serves the law? It was added because of transgressions, TILL the SEED should come to WHOM the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

20. Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.

21. Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.

22. But the scripture has concluded all under sin, that (or so that or in order that) the promise BY FAITH of Jesus Christ might be given to them that BELIEVE.

23. But BEFORE faith came, we were KEPT under the law, shut up unto the faith which should after wards be revealed.

24. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified BY FAITH.

25. But AFTER that faith is come, we are NO LONGER UNDER a schoolmaster.

26. For you are ALL the children of God BY FAITH IN Christ Jesus.

27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.

28. There is NEITHER Jew NOR Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for you are ALL ONE IN Christ Jesus.

29. And if you be Christ's, then are you Abraham's SEED, and heirs according to the promise.”

So then, WHO were the Egyptian people and from WHOM did they descend or who was the ancestor of the Egyptian people?

Well, Psalm 105:23 and 106:22 teaches us that Egypt is the land of HAM the youngest son of Noah. The name “Ham” in Hebrew means to be hot, as in, hot from the tropical habitat, and to be burnt, which most Bible scholars agree indicates the brown color of his skin, but NOT necessarily deep dark brown or near black skin of the Negroid people of west, central and southern Africa. There are many different tribes in Africa. Now, while all native Africans have dark-colored skin, not all African people are the same. Like all the different groups of people, there are DIVISIONS among each group. Let us focus on one group at a time by taking a look at where the descendants of HAM settled.

Psalm 105:23.

“Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.”

Psalm 106:21,22.

“They forgot God their savior, which had done great things in Egypt;

22 Wondrous works in the land of Ham, and terrible things by the Red sea.”

Now the Egyptian people of today are NOT considered what most people know as the Black African Negroid people. And when one considers the ancient artifact of Egypt, most agree that the Ancient Egyptians did NOT have the same features of the Black African people of today. Please keep in mind that there are many DIVISIONS of physical features among EACH of the three major divisions of people.

Noah had THREE sons, Shem. Ham and Japheth and the ethnic divisions of all people are divided into THREE basic groups:

#1. The Caucasians or the white people with FAIR light colored skin.

#2. The Mongoloid or yellow/red people with light brown to medium brown colored skin.

#3. The Negroid or black people with dark brown to almost near black colored skin. The lighter brown skin among the Black African people is usually due to MIX marriages with light skin people.

Some group the people of different colored skin into basically THREE groups referring to them as either:

#1. European

#2. Asian, or

#3. African

Please read Genesis 9:18 through Genesis 10:32 for what the Bible ITSELF teaches us about the divisions of the peoples of the earth.

Genesis 9:18,19.

“And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan.

19. These are the THREE sons of Noah: and of them was the WHOLE earth overspread.

Genesis 10:1-32.

“Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood.

2. The sons of Japheth (Which many believe is the eldest son of Noah); Gomer, and Magog (A tribe in modern-day Turkey), and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal (A tribe in modern-day Turkey), and Meshech (A tribe in modern-day Turkey), and Tiras.

3. And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

4. And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

5. By these were the isles of the GENTILES divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.”

So then, it is believed by many Bible scholars that the descendant of Japheth are the Caucasian white people, who many refer to as being the European people, and also called the GENTILE nations in the Bible. Please keep in mind that ALL the descendants of Noah INITIALLY settled in the Middle East where the ark of Noah came to rest in the mountain of what is called today as Turkey. Please see the map of where many of the descendants of Japheth first settled.

Many believe that the descendants of Japheth continue to migrate northward to what is known today as the European countries. None the less, the descendants of Japheth were NOT the ancestors of the HEBREW people. So then, the Caucasian WHITE people are NOT the true HEBREW people. The name Japheth means FAIR and it also means to extend or expand, as in, inhabit places all over the world.

Let us continue reading Genesis 10:6-14 to learn what the Bible ITSELF teaches us about the descendants of HAM.

Genesis 10:6.

6. “And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.”

As we have already seen the name “Ham” in Hebrew means to be hot, as in, hot from the tropical habitat, and to be burnt, which most Bible scholars agree indicates the brown color of his skin, but NOT necessarily deep dark brown or near black skin of the Negroid people of west, central and southern Africa. As most people will agree the darkest skinned people are native to Africa, but Northern Africa, for the most part, has remained of a lighter skin color, which some say is due to the MIX marriages of the Arab people.

But what does the Bible ITSELF teach us? Where did the sons of HAM eventually settle? Let us continue read Genesis 10:7-32.

Genesis 10:7-32.

And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtecha: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.

8. And Cush begot Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth.

9. He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD.

10. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. (Which was later called Babylon that is known today as Iran)

11. Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,

12. And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city.

13. And Mizraim begot Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

14. And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.

15. And Canaan begot Sidon his firstborn, and Heth,

16. And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite,

17. And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,

18. And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.

19. And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as you come to Gerar, unto Gaza; as you go, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.

20. These are the sons of Ham, after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, and in their nations.

21. Unto Shem also, the father of ALL the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born. (The HEBREW people are of the seed of SHEM)

22. The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

23. And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.

24. And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begot EBER.

25. And unto EBER were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name was Joktan.

26. And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,

27. And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,

28. And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba,

29. And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan.

30. And their DWELLING was from Mesha, as you go unto Sephar a mount of the east.

31. These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.

32. These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.”

Peleg became the ancestor of Abraham, who was the first to be called Hebrew, a word that is strikingly similar to the name Eber. In other words, in the true sense, Abraham was actually the FIRST to be called a HEBREW, but in truth, the lineage of the Hebrew people goes through Shem, then back to Noah all the way to Adam the first man, who was RUDDY, or RED.

Abraham is the great-great-great-great-grandson of Eber and again was the first person to be called Hebrew or Eberite in the Bible.

Please read Genesis 14:13.

“And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.”

God later changed Arbam's name to Abraham in Genesis 17:5.

Genesis 17:6.

“Neither shall name any more be called Abram, but you name shall be Abraham; for (Or because) a father of MANY NATIONS have I made you.”

This means that through the SEED of Abraham, referring to JESUS, shall it be made possible for ANYONE of ANY NATION to become a child of Almighty God and be given ETERNAL LIFE in the world yet to come.

My main point of this study is to show my readers and seekers of the TRUTH that the MOST IMPORTANT thing of all is that a person is IN Jesus Christ no matter what the color of your skin. Please read Galatians 3:28,29 again and again until it becomes rooted and grounded deep in your heart.

Genesis 3:28.29.

There is NEITHER Jew NOR Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for you are ALL ONE IN Christ Jesus.

29. And if you be Christ's, then are you Abraham's SEED, and heirs according to the promise.”

In other words, being a HEBREW is NOT what matters, but what truly matters are YOU a BELIEVER on Jesus as being the CHRIST, the SON OF the living and one true God? Do YOU truly BELIEVE with all your heart that Jesus suffered and died on the cross for YOUR sins? Do YOU believe that God raised his Son Jesus from the dead and that Jesus is alive for evermore never to die again? If you do not have a clue what I am saying here, then please, I implore you, to read the study “HOW CAN I BE SAVED?” for being saved is ALL that matters in the end.

Let us move on to point #2 to ponder.

POINT #2. Moses and his Cushite or Ethiopian wife.

Moses was a Hebrew.

And the descendants of CUSH one of the sons of HAM eventually settled in the southern region of what is known today as Ethiopia.

Jeremiah the prophet, speaking for God, asks the question in Jeremiah 13:23, is an Ethiopian able to change the color of his skin?

Are not all native-born Ethiopians of darker skin people who live on the continent of Africa? Yes, they are. Therefore they fall in the group of people some call AFRICANS that others call the Negroid or Black people.

Now IF so be that Moses was a Black African Negro person, as the Black African Israelite movement dogmatically demands, and ALL Hebrew people are and have always been the Black African Negro people, then WHY was it a problem for Moses to marry a Black African Ethiopian woman of dark skin?

Surely there should be NO doubt that the marriage of Moses and this CHUSHITE or Ethiopian woman was a MIXED marriage, involving the COLOR of their skin. For you see, when Miriam got angry at her brother Moses for marrying this Ethiopian woman, God allows the plague of leprosy to come upon Miriam. But WHY?

It is because God is AGAINST the HATRED that comes from RACISM. The true definition of racism is where a person of one color, ethnic group, or race THINKS that they are SUPERIOR over others who are NOT of their same group of people.

One article I read, the writer asks his readers to consider this possibility, what if in God’s anger at Miriam, Moses’ sister, God says something to the effect, “You think that you are SUPERIOR because of your light skin color Miriam? Well then, I’ll make you even lighter skinned.”

Then we read in Numbers 12:10.

“When the cloud removed from over the tent, behold, Miriam was leprous, like SNOW.”

Now if God was angry at Moses for marrying a person who was NOT a HEBREW person, then WHY did not God allow leprosy to come upon Moses? Can you not see dear child of God that the issue with God was not because Moses married a person who was NOT a Hebrew. NOR was the issue with God that Moses married a woman of a DIFFERENT color of SKIN. But rather the issue with God was Miriam's RACIST ATTITUDE toward Moses marrying a DARK skin woman.

This brings us to point #3 to ponder.

Esau is called Edom several places in the Bible.

Please read the following verses:

Genesis 25:30.

“And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom.”

Genesis 32:3.

“And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom.”

Genesis 36:1.

“Now these are the GENERATIONS OF Esau, who is Edom.”

Genesis 36:8.

“Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau is Edom.”

Now the meaning of the word “EDOM” is RUDDY or red, as in red showing blood. Also, Hebrew word “Edom” comes from the Hebrew word “Adom”, which comes from the root word “Adam” meaning the EXACT SAME thing as EDOM: ruddy, red, or blood showing in the face, to blush, as in, red or rosy cheeks.


Therefore, IF so be that one dogmatically demands that Esau was a Caucasian white man, then one needs to be consistent in interpreting the Bible and dogmatically demand that Adam was a Caucasian white man as well. Therefore the FIRST man God created was a Caucasian WHITE man ACCORDING to those in the Black African Israelite Movement who dogmatically demand that ESAU is the father of ALL Caucasian WHITE people.

Now, if so be that RUDDY, red, or blood showing in the face, to blush, as in, red cheeks is, in fact, to mean that ALL people called RUDDY in the Bible are indeed the Caucasian white people, then Adam, the first man, and Esau along with many other HEBREW people like Joseph, King David, king Solomon were ALL the Caucasian white people. Please read the following verses where this SAME Hebrew root word “ADAM” is used to describe the physical appearance of these other HEBREW people.

King David is also called ruddy of red in 1 Samuel 16:12.

1 Samuel 16:12.

“And he sent, and brought him in (The lad David). Now he (David) was RUDDY (From the root word ADAM), and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he.”

Also, read 1 Samuel 17:42.

“And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and RUDDY (From the root word ADAM, which means red, as in blood showing in the face, to blush, red or rosy cheeks), and OF A FAIR countenance.”

The word FAIR can mean beautiful, good looking OR BRIGHT, as in, of a LIGHT complexion or countenance.

Solomon is described as being WHITE and RUDDY in the Song of Solomon 5:10.

Song of Solomon 5:10.

“My beloved is WHITE and RUDDY, the chiefest among ten thousand.”

Then we read Lamentations 4:7 that the NAZARITE people of whom Jesus OF NAZARETH was of the NAZARITE HEBREW people are WHITE and RUDDY as well.

Lamentations 4:7.

“Her Nazarites were purer than snow, they were whiter than milk, they were more RUDDY in body than rubies, their polishing was of sapphire:”

The color WHITE in the Bible represents PURITY and not the color of a person's skin. However, the Nazarite Hebrew people were indeed being described as RUDDY, which comes from the root word ADAM in the Hebrew, which means red, as in blood showing in the face, to blush, red or rosy cheeks.

Therefore, according the INTERPRETATION of those in the Black African Israelite Movement who dogmatically demand that ESAU and ALL his descendants are Caucasian white people based entirely on the meaning of the name EDOM to be RUDDY or red, as in, blood showing in the face, to blush, as in, red cheeks, then that would mean ALL the HEBREW people were CAUCASIAN white people!

Again, it may be that the Hebrew people were indeed the Caucasian white people, but I personally lean to the side who believe that the Hebrew people, which INCLUDE Jesus, as being in the MIDDLE group of people who were neither WHITE NOR BLACK, but rather Mongoloid, more ruddy or reddish-brown skin people who are darker than the Caucasian white people but at the same time NOT as dark skinned as the Black African Negroid people.

Let us continue this study in God's word following the lineage of Abraham, the FIRST who was called a HEBREW and CHOSEN by God to make a covenant.

Please read Genesis 21:2-21.

“For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him.

3. And Abraham called the name of his son that was born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac.

4. And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac being eight days old, as God had commanded him.

5. And Abraham was a hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him.

6. And Sarah said, God hath made me to laugh, so that all that hear will laugh with me.

7. And she said, Who would have said unto Abraham, that Sarah should have given children suck? for I have born him a son in his old age.

8. And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned.

9. And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking.

10. Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac.

11. And the thing was very grievous in Abraham's sight because of his son.

12. And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called.

13. And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is your seed.

14. And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba.

15. And the water was spent in the bottle, and she cast the child under one of the shrubs.

16. And she went, and sat her down over against him a good way off, as it were a bowshot: for she said, Let me not see the death of the child. And she sat over against him, and lift up her voice, and wept.

17. And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, What ailes you, Hagar? fear not; for God has heard the voice of the lad where he is.

18. Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in your hand; for I will make him a great nation. (This is the Arab Ishmaelite nation)

19. And God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and gave the lad drink.

20. And God was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer.

21. And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt.”

Thus it may be that the Arab people have DARKER skin due to the MIXED married of Ishmael and his Egyptian wife.

You see some hold the opinion that SHEM is actually the ancestor of the Caucasian white people and NOT Japheth who is said to be the father of the GENTILE people. They argue and say that the GENTILE people comprise of more than just the Caucasian white people. Therefore, they conclude that Japheth is the father of the MONGOLOID yellow to reddish ASIAN people, which would include all the Islamic Muslim nations as well.

In other words, some say Ham’s descendants were “dark”, BUT NOT ALL necessarily black, and that Shem’s descendants were fair with “red” or ruddy complexions. Japheth is the father of the Mongoloids, the yellow and brown people of Asia and the native Indian tribes of North, Central and South America. Also, many of the olive-skinned peoples who inhabited the countries of the northern rim of the Mediterranean Sea, such as the Greeks, are also descendants of Japheth and his sons.

Shem, on the other hand, is the father of the Caucasian white people who are the fair-skinned blonds, red-heads, and brunets that again are often called the "white" people. The Semites, they are of the Caucasian people.

Shem, as we have already seen above, is called RUDDY with fair skin. Such words could never be used to describe either Hamites or Japhethites.

Now, I myself. can go either way, but for now, I am still yet seeing the greater of the evidence pointing to Jesus and the Hebrew people being medium to light skinned people, but NEITHER white NOR black. One thing for SURE, without a doubt, Jesus and the TRUE HEBREW people were NOT Black Africans.

Let us examine some extra-Biblical evidence. Now I have not checked the Dead Sea scrolls myself, but one writer quotes below about Sarah, the wife of Abraham, from the Dead Sea scrolls.

There is a description of Sarah, "In the seventh Dead Sea Scroll, whoever wrote this extolled Sarah's perfection from head to foot and while it was written in prose poem, the description as it appeared in the news media was as follows:

"Her skin was pure white;

"She had long lovely hair;

"Her limbs were smooth and rounded (her thighs were shapely ;)

"She had slender legs and small feet;

"Her hands were slim and long and so were her fingers.'

"Unfortunately as far as is known, no description of Abraham appears in the Dead Sea scrolls, but as Sarah's description is that of her racial attributes, one can only conclude that Abraham [being a relative of Sarah, see Gen 20:12] would be identical" (R. Weliland, God's Covenant People, p.340, emphasis added).

Please do your own research on all extra-Biblical material for verification.

The word “FAIR” in the Bible does mean to be BRIGHT and the word FAIR is used as well to describe people of very LIGHT or even white complexion. And many Hebrew people in the Bible as described as being FAIR, but also keep in mind that the context may mean beautiful. As for me, one can not dogmatically demand that FAIR must without fail mean white of light skin.

Also, the name “LABAN” means white as well and Abraham entrusted his servant Nahor to go to the families of Laban to bring back a wife for his son Isaac.

Please read Genesis 24:1-10.

“And Abraham was old, and well stricken in age: and the LORD had blessed Abraham in all things.

2.  And Abraham said unto his eldest servant of his house, that ruled over all that he had, Put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh:

3.  And I will make thee swear by the LORD, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell:

4.  But thou shalt go unto my country, and to my kindred, and take a wife unto my son Isaac.

5.  And the servant said unto him, Peradventure the woman will not be willing to follow me unto this land: must I needs bring thy son again unto the land from whence thou camest?

6.  And Abraham said unto him, Beware thou that thou bring not my son thither again.

7.  The LORD God of heaven, which took me from my father's house, and from the land of my kindred, and which spake unto me, and that sware unto me, saying, Unto thy seed will I give this land; he shall send his angel before thee, and thou shalt take a wife unto my son from thence.

8.  And if the woman will not be willing to follow thee, then thou shalt be clear from this my oath: only bring not my son thither again.

9.  And the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his master, and sware to him concerning that matter.

10.  And the servant took ten camels of the camels of his master, and departed; for all the goods of his master were in his hand: and he arose, and went to Mesopotamia, unto the city of Nahor.”

Isaac as well instructed his son Jacob to take for himself a wife of Rebekah's brother Laban's house.

Please read Genesis 28:1,2.

“And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged him, and said unto him, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan.

2.  Arise, go to Padanaram, to the house of Bethuel thy mother's father; and take thee a wife from thence of the daughters of Laban thy mother's brother.”

Now, some Christians in the Black African Israelite movement use the illustration of DIRT being DARK brown to BLACK to try and prove that Adam was a BLACK man.

But the TRUTH of the matter is that NOT ALL soil is black. In fact, the soil over where the Garden of Eden is believed to be, the soil is light TAN to a medium REDDISH color. RUDDY or reddish dirt, the COLOR of ADAM, which means RUDDY or reddish.

Also, some Christians in the Black African Israelite Movement make the CLAIM that the APOCRYPHA books were taken out of the Bible to HIDE the truth that the Israelite people were the Black African people.

Well, here is a quote that is taken from the book of Enoch, which is one of the Apocrypha books that clearly and plainly comes straight out and states in simplicity that the THREE sons of Noah were of THREE DIFFERENT skin types, where Noah and his son SHEM where both WHITE people. In this account, we read about Enoch telling of a vision he received from God about the flood of Noah describing Noah as a WHITE man.

Book of Enoch chapter 89:1-9.

LXXXIX. 1-9. The Deluge and the Deliverance of Noah.


And one of those four went to that white bull and instructed him in a secret, without his being terrified: he was born a bull and became a man, and built for himself a great vessel and dwelt thereon; and three bulls dwelt with him in that vessel and they were covered in.

2. And again I raised mine eyes towards heaven and saw a lofty roof, with seven water torrents thereon, and those torrents flowed with much water into an enclosure.

3. And I saw again, and behold fountains were opened on the surface of that great enclosure, and that water began to swell and rise upon the surface, and I saw that enclosure till all its surface was covered with water.

4. And the water, the darkness, and mist increased upon it; and as I looked at the height of that water, that water had risen above the height of that enclosure, and was streaming over that enclosure, and it stood upon the earth.

5. And all the cattle of that enclosure were gathered together until I saw how they sank and were swallowed up and perished in that water.

6. But that vessel floated on the water, while all the oxen and elephants and camels and asses sank to the bottom with all the animals, so that I could no longer see them, and they were not able to escape, (but) perished and sank into the depths.

7. And again I saw in the vision till those water torrents were removed from that high roof, and the chasms of the earth were levelled up and other abysses were opened.

8. Then the water began to run down into these, till the earth became visible; but that vessel settled on the earth, and the darkness retired and light appeared.

9. But that white bull which had become a man came out of that vessel, and the three bulls with him, and one of those three was WHITE like that bull, and one of them was RED as blood, and one BLACK: and that white bull departed from them.”

So according to the book of Enoch, Noah was a Caucasian WHITE person and ONE of his sons, most believe it was SHEM was a Caucasian WHITE person. One of Noah's sons, most believe that JAPHETH was a Mongoloid, RED /YELLOW person. And one of Noah's son, most believe that was HAM was a Negroid Black African person.

Once again, NOT ALL Africans are black. North Africa and much of Egypt was and still is of a lighter skin like the Arabic people.

Please understand that this study is not about racism, but rather it is about exposing the ERRORS of INTERPRETATION of God's word.

Racism is NOT a black and white issue, but rather one race, no matter the color of their skin, THINKING that they are SUPERIOR over another race.



Now those of the Black African Israelite Movement will QUOTE Deuteronomy 28:68 where the Israelite people are taken as SLAVES upon SHIPS to Egypt, which they say means “House of BONDAGE” and then they INTERPRET this verse to mean the Black Africans who were taken by SHIP to the Americas both South America and North America to be SLAVES.

So then, is their INTERPRETATION a correct interpretation based upon the WHOLE word of God?

Let us see what the BIBLE ITSELF teaches us with Deuteronomy being LEFT IN its CONTEXT. Always remember that any verse when taken OUT of its context and viewed ALONE, apart from the REST of God's word, may SEEM or be MADE to say something that that verse is NOT TRULY saying. Therefore, any interpretation or conclusion that one may draw from a verse of scripture, MUST always AGREE with the REST of God's word.

Some Bible scholars teach that Deuteronomy 28:45-68 was fulfilled by the Romans in 70 AD, which may indeed be true, but with many passages of scriptures in the Bible, there is ALSO what Bible scholars call a DUAL fulfillment, which means that one fulfillment has already taken place in history, while the last and final fulfilled will NOT take place UNTIL the very last days right before Jesus returns.

Let us now examine the CONTEXT closely to see what the Bible ITSELF teaches us.

Deuteronomy 28:45-68.

“Moreover all these curses shall come upon you, and shall pursue you, and overtake you, till you be destroyed; because you hearkened NOT unto the voice of the LORD your God, to keep his commandments and his statutes which he commanded you:

46. And they shall be upon they for a sign and for a wonder, and upon your seed for ever.

47. Because you served NOT the LORD your God with joyfulness, and with gladness of heart, for the ABUNDANCE of ALL THINGS; (WHO has God BLESSED? Has God ABUNDANTLY blessed the Black African Negro people?)

48. Therefore shall you serve your ENEMIES (WHO are the ENEMIES of the Israelite people the Jews? Is America the ENEMY of Israel? Is America the enemy of the Black African people? BUT the Islamic Muslim countries are most assuredly the ENEMIES of Israel.) which the LORD shall send against you, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in want of all things: and he shall put a yoke of iron upon you neck, until he have destroyed you. (Now, much in this verse can fit ANY nation who has been enslaved by another nation if one takes this verse OUT of it's CONTEXT)

49. The LORD shall bring a nation against you from far, from the end of the earth (Meaning beyond the end of the LAND of Israel. The word “earth” in the Bible refers to dirt, soil and the borders of the LAND and NOT the whole planet. Other verses speak of this nation as being to the NORTH of Israel, which many Bible scholars in the past always identified as Russia, but in recent time many Bible scholars are looking at TURKEY as the king of the NORTH.), as swift as the eagle flies (All this verse is saying is that this nation shall come upon the LAND of Israel in SWIFTNESS and it has NOTHING whatsoever to do with the EAGLE being the symbol of America, In fact the LITERAL translation reads, “...a nation he is swooping the VULTURE nation whose tongue of him not you are hearing” Which could mean a surprise attack, but is translated in the King James version as); a nation whose tongue you shall not understand; (Simply meaning that the enemy of Israel will not speak the same language of Israel or Israel cannot understand WHY the  Islamic Muslim nation will not leave them alone)

50. A nation of fierce countenance, which shall not regard the person of the old, nor show favor to the young:

51. And he shall eat the fruit of your cattle, and the fruit of your land, until you be destroyed: which also shall not leave you either corn, wine, or oil, or the increase of your kine, or flocks of your sheep, until he have destroyed you.

52. And he shall besiege you in all YOUR GATES, until your HIGH and FENCED WALLS come down, wherein you trusted, THROUGHOUT ALL your land: and he shall besiege you in all YOUR GATES THROUGHOUT ALL your land, which the LORD your God has GIVEN YOU. (First of all, the Lord God of Israel NEVER gave Israel the continent of Africa. Second, WHEN has Africa ever been high fenced and WALLED with high walls to protect the Black African people?)

53.  And you shall eat the fruit of your own body, the flesh of your sons and of your daughters, (Just as some Bible scholars teach this has indeed taken place during the Romans siege on the WALLED city of Jerusalem in 70 AD. However, if you have taken a look at the land of Israel today, they have built many high walls and high fences throughout the land to protect themselves against their ENEMIES. As they say history REPEATS itself and many Bible scholars see this same thing happening again in the walled city of Jerusalem where their food supply is cut off and they eat their own sons and daughters,) which the LORD your God has given you, in the siege, and in the straitness, wherewith your enemies shall distress you:

54. So that the man that is tender among you, and very delicate, his eye shall be evil toward his brother, and toward the wife of his bosom, and toward the remnant of his children which he shall leave:

55. So that he will not give to any of them of the flesh of his children whom he shall eat: because he has nothing left him in the siege, and in the straitness, wherewith your enemies shall distress you in ALL YOUR GATES. (In other words, all this AFFLICTION, starvation, and cannibalism took and will again take place in the LAND that was GIVEN to the Israelite people by God. So then, did ANY of this happen to the Black African Negro people OVER in AFRICA at the time when the slave traders brought many Negro people over to the Americas? No it did NOT! Did the slave traders have to make WAR against Africa until the Negro people were STARVED to the point of cannibalism before they surrendered and were taken as slaves? No, they did NOT!)

56. The tender and delicate woman among you, which would not adventure to set the sole of her foot upon the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward the husband of her bosom, and toward her son, and toward her daughter,

57. And toward her young one that comes out from between her feet, and toward her children which she shall bear: for she shall eat them for want of all things secretly in the siege and straitness, wherewith your ENEMY shall distress you in YOUR GATES. (Again, ALL of this took and will take place again OVER in the LAND that God gave the Israelite WITHIN THEIR GATES or WALLED city Jerusalem)

58. If you will not observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that you may fear this glorious and fearful name, THE LORD YOUR GOD;

59. Then the LORD will make your plagues wonderful, and the plagues of your seed, even great plagues, and of long continuance, and sore sicknesses, and of long continuance.

60. Moreover he will bring upon you all the diseases of Egypt, which you were afraid of; and they shall cleave unto you.

61. Also every sickness, and every plague, which is not written in the book of this law, them will the LORD bring upon you, until you be destroyed.

62. And you shall be left FEW in number, whereas you were as the stars of heaven for multitude; because you would not obey the voice of the LORD your God. (Now, a lot of people seem to be DESIRING to be a TRUE Israelite descendant, but when one considers the WHOLE word of God, to ME, being an Israelite would be the LAST person that I myself would want to be. First of all, you will have to be one of the lucky FEW who survive the Muslims killing the Jew BEFORE Jesus comes and rescues only those FEW who have survived and remained alive. Secondly, ONLY those who believe in Jesus AT his coming, who are found faithful, will be given ETERNAL LIFE and a place to rule and reign WITH Jesus OVER the twelve tribes of Israel and those left alive of the nations. So to ME, it is FAR BETTER to be a believer and faithful follower of Jesus than it is to be a Jew)

63. And it shall come to pass, that as the LORD rejoiced over you to do you good, and to multiply you; so the LORD will rejoice over you to destroy you, and to bring you to nought; and you shall be plucked from off the land whither you go to possess it. (So then, the Jews or at least some of the Jews are ALREADY over in the LAND that God gave to them to possess, but the Jews over in the land of Israel are NOT obeying God's NEW COVENANT which he made with THEM through the shed blood of his only begotten Son Jesus. Therefore, God’s WRATH is kindled against the Israelite people which Jesus will execute AT his second coming upon the Israelite people and upon those Islamic Muslim nations, the ENEMIES of Israel, who are making WAR against God's people and ENSLAVING the Israelite people)

64. And the LORD shall scatter you among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there you shall serve other gods, which neither you nor your fathers have known, even wood and stone. (As with most DUAL prophecy passages of scripture, there are some things that only apply to the historical fulfillment while other things apply to the END TIME fulfillment. After 70 AD the Jews were scattered BY the ROMANS all other the earth. Whereas in the last days they will only be taken captive in the places in the Middle East, like Egypt and other Islamic Muslim dominated countries or nations. There are many Jews still yet scattered all over the world that the whole world knows are the true Jews. The TRUE Jews do not stand on street corners proclaiming that they are the true Jews.)

65. And among these nations shall you find no ease (Or peace. Throughout the world, the Jews are hated by many people and for the most part, they live in their OWN little communities. This is not to say that some Jews have not befriended people in the world and have become quite successful in business. But the SAME can be said of some Black African Negro people as well, for example, Will Smith has made billions of dollars. Slavery ended long ago here in America. Black Africans are FREE people and they can travel or move and live anywhere in the world if they so desire.), neither shall the sole of your foot have rest: but the LORD shall give you there a trembling heart (Now, I myself, do not see a trembling heart among those caught up in this Black African Israelite Movement. If anything, they have a stout and stubborn heart, not fearful of anyone, to make their beliefs made known), and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind:

66. And your life shall hang in doubt before you; and you shall fear day and night, and shalt have none assurance of your life:

67. In the morning you shall say, Would God it were even! and at even you shall say, Would God it were morning! for the fear of your heart wherewith you shall fear, and for the sight of your eyes which you shall see. (Again, when taken OUT of context these verses could apply to almost ANY persecuted group of people including the Black African Americans, WHILE they were SLAVES. But this is NOT the way we are supposed to interpret the scriptures. It is the CONTEXT that teaches us the TRUE meaning of these verses and ALL the way through the ENTIRE CONTEXT all these verses clearly and plainly refers the Jews who are OVER IN THE LAND of ISRAEL WITHIN THEIR GATES and WALLED CITY. So WHY then would this last verse be impossible to not be able to apply to the Jews over is Israel, but rather must without fail ONLY apply to the Black African Negro people who were brought over by SHIP to the Americas as INTERPRETED by those caught up in the Black African Israelite Movement?)

68. And the LORD shall bring you into EGYPT AGAIN with SHIPS, (Where the Black African Negro people ever slaves in EGYPT? If so be that the Hebrew people were the Black African people, which the Bible ITSELF does NOT teach, then IN EGYPT will they AGAIN be taken, only THIS time in the last days they will be taken by SHIP as opposed to WALKING by foot) by the WAY whereof I spoke unto you, you shall see it: (The WAY in which you came into EGYPT the first time) no more again (It is the WAY that Israelite people came to Egypt the FIRST time as being the subject under discussion. The FIRST time they came to Egypt they WALKED in as a few people. And then they grew and multiplied. But this next time the WAY will be DIFFERENT. First, they will be BROUGHT by ship. Second, NO man will BUY them, Third, their stay will NOT be long enough to multiply in population. Please read Deuteronomy 17:16, which we will cover in a moment) and there you shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and NO man shall BUY you (Now, since NO man will BUY the Israelite people as SLAVES, then HOW can this verse apply to the Black African Negro people where people DID INDEED BUY them?).”

Please read Deuteronomy 17:16.

“But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the END that he should multiply horses: for as much as the LORD has said unto you, You shall henceforth return no more that WAY.”

In other words, when you have come again to possess the LAND that I gave you to possess and you still do not OBEY my NEW COVENANT, then I will bring your ENEMIES upon you to only leave a REMNANT for myself and that remnant shall be taken captive in the nations around you. And they will bring you to Egypt AGAIN, but NOT in the WAY you went into Egypt in the day of Abraham on foot and there you were made SLAVES and you grew to become a mighty nation. But rather the WAY that you will come BACK into the land of Egypt, this time, in the latter days, is your ENEMY will bring you by SHIPS to sell you as slaves, but NO man will BUY you. Also, you will not be in Egypt long enough to multiply and grow in number again as in the days from Abraham to Moses.

That is what this verse is saying in the LIGHT of the WHOLE word of God. If you take a look at the world map over in the Middle East that shows the Red Sea with what some say looks like two rabbit ears at the top. The left ear connects to Egypt while the right ear connects to EDOM which is one of the ENEMIES of the TRUE Israelite people over in the land of Israel.

You can see the land of Goshen in Egypt where the Israelite people lived while in bondage to the Egyptians the first time. You can see the small strips of land that will allow people to enter on foot from Israel to Egypt the WAY they came into Egypt the FIRST time.

But in order to come by SHIP, they must be brought to Egypt by WAY of either the great sea known as the Mediterranean Sea OR by THAT of the RED SEA. Please keep in mind that both the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Agada were called the RED SEAS in ancient times.

Please read 1 Kings 9:26 where we see that the land of EDOM or the land of the EDOMITES, who are one of the ENEMIES of the TRUE Israelite people over in the land of Israel, bordered the RED SEA.

1 Kings 9:26.

“And king Solomon made a navy of SHIPS in Eziongeber, which is beside Eloth, on the SHORE of the Red sea, in the land of EDOM.”

You see dear children of God, America is NOT the only nation who has SHIPS. EDOM is NOT American. Edomites are the ENEMY of the Israelite people and NOT the Americans.

Now, in 70 AD the Roman Empire was an enemy to Israel and according to no less than three historians, Josephus, Munter and Emil Schurer who all record a historical record that the Romans took the Israelite people by SHIPS to the land of EGYPT.

Also, I might add that the EDOMITES are NOT the America Caucasian WHITE people whom those in the Black African Israelite Movement in America dogmatically demand will be made by Jesus to bow down and worship at the feet of ALL Black African Negro people.

Let us go to Revelation 2:9,10 and Revelation 3:9 to see what these verses are TRULY saying in the LIGHT of the WHOLE word of God.

First, they, speaking of the Black African Negro who CLAIM that they only are the true Israelite people, quote Revelation 2:9,10, which says,

Revelation 2:9,10.

“I know your works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but you are rich) and I know the BLASPHEMY of them which SAY they are JEWS, and are NOT, but ARE the synagogue of Satan. (Or they are being TAUGHT by SATAN. A synagogue is where the Jews went to LEARN of God, whereas, SATAN teaches the opposite of what God desires us to learn and follow)

10. Fear NONE of those things which you shall suffer: behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that you may be tried; and you shall have tribulation ten days: be you faithful unto death, and I will give you a crown of life.”

And then, ACCORDING to those who are CLAIMING that THEY are the only TRUE Israelite people and that the Jews over in the land of Israel, who most everyone in the world KNOWS are the TRUE JEWS, have INTERPRETED this verse to mean that the JEWS over in the land of Israel are FAKE Jews, who are SAYING that they are Jews, but they are NOT the TRUE Jews according to the INTERPRETATION of those in the Black African Israelite Movement.

But is this what Jesus INTENDED this verse to mean? I mean, from where I am standing, I see that this verse could just as easily be saying that those who are NOT over in the land of Israel, speaking of these Black Africans, who are dogmatically demanding that THEY are the TRUE JEWS are the ones who are speaking BLASPHEMY and are of the synagogue of Satan. Let me say this another way.

You see dear children of God, one could just as easily interpret Revelation 2:9,10 to mean that these Jews who are SAYING that THEY are the true Jews to whom this verse is speaking, are those Black Africans, who are wrongly teaching that the Jews over in the land of Israel are not true Jews. In other words, it is those in this Israelite movement, who SAY that THEY are the TRUE Jews, that are the ones speaking BLASPHEMY and they are ones who are of the synagogue of SATAN.

I mean, from where I am standing, I can see this verse being wrongly interpreted assaying that those who are NOT over in the land of Israel who are dogmatically demanding that THEY are the TRUE JEWS, as being the ONES who are speaking BLASPHEMY and are of the synagogue of Satan by SAYING that THEY are the true Jews, when they are NOT. Let me say this yet another way.

Now to ME, this verse can be INTERPRETED just as easily to say WHO these Jews are, to whom this verse is speaking, as being the Jews who SAY they are Jews but are NOT are those Black Africans, who are wrongly teaching that the Jews over in land of Israel are not true Jews and that THEY THEMSELVES, the Black Africans alone are the true Israelites.

So to ME, one can just as easily interpret Revelation 2:9,10 as speaking of those in this Israelite movement, who SAY that THEY are the TRUE Jews, that are the ones speaking BLASPHEMY and therefore it is those Black Africans who make the CLAIM they are the TRUE Jews, who are of the synagogue of SATAN.

Now, I mean no offense and neither does Jesus by saying that false teachers of the synagogue of Satan. A synagogue is a school or place of teaching. In other words, Jesus is saying that false teaching to being taught by the devil and not by God. Jesus is not necessarily saying that those who believe and teach false teaching are LOST, unsaved or children of the devil, but rather what they TEACH is a doctrine of the devil.

Let us read Revelation 3:9, which will give us a little more LIGHT on the matter. You see dear child of God, LIGHT always dispels darkness. So once you see and understand that the word of TRUTH does not teach that Christians will bow down to the JEWS, but rather teaches us that the JEWS will bow down to Christians in the world to come. So to ME, it seems puzzling WHY anyone wants to be a JEW. I mean the Jews are appointed to the WRATH of God whereas we as Christians are NOT appointed to the WRATH of God. We will get into WHY it is FAR BETTER to be a Christians than it is to be a JEW who is NOT a Christian further on in this study of God's word, but for now let us see what Jesus is truly saying in Revelation 3:9.

Revelation 3:9.

“Behold, I will make THEM of the synagogue of Satan, which SAY they are JEWS, and are NOT, but do LIE; behold, I will make THEM to come and worship before YOUR feet, and to KNOW that I have loved YOU.”

Now ask yourself the very simple question, WHO is Jesus speaking TO in these letters to the CHURCHES? Is Jesus speaking to the JEWS, natural BORN Israelites who are NOT believers on Jesus as their Messiah, or is Jesus speaking to his FAITHFUL Christians, who will NOT DENY Jesus as being their Lord and Savior, who died for their sins?

That is correct dear children of God, Jesus is speaking to US, his faithful followers, no matter what COLOR your skin may be.

So then, according to the words of Jesus TO his faithful believers and followers of him that Jesus is saying, it will be those who are EXALTING THEMSELVES SAYING or CLAIMING that THEY are JEWS but in truth they are NOT Jews, the CHOSEN people of God, because God has put in force a NEW COVENANT established in the shed blood of his SON Jesus and there is given NO OTHER NAME under heaven or in the earth whereby all of mankind MUST be saved or CHOSEN to be a child of God.

Other verses used by some in the Black African Israelite movement are the verses in the Bible making a reference to BLACK SKIN or being BLACK.

Please read Lamentations 5:10.

“Our SKIN was BLACK like an oven because of the terrible famine.”

The CONTEXT of this verse is referring to the last days of great persecution of Israel. Please notice the REASON for their skin being BLACK. It was BECAUSE of the terrible famine. So HOW does a famine make a person's skin to become BLACK. The answer is a famine does NOT make a person' skin BLACK.

So then, what does this verse mean? The phrase black LIKE an OVEN teaches us that their skin was dehydrated and wrinkled up like an oven dries up the moisture and causes shrinkage and wrinkles. You see the word that is translated as “black” means shriveled and wrinkled and has nothing to do with the color black, but rather something as a bad undesirable thing, having no hope, gloom, and doom.

In truth, the actual WAY in which the Hebrew language describes BLACK and WHITE is by saying DUSK and BRIGHT. So dusk would mean dark and bright would mean light. But not giving the exact degree of how dark or how light. So then, somehow described a FAIR or BRIGHT would be white or a light color, and DUSK would be of a darker color, but NOT always meaning black.

Another verse they use is Job 30:30.

“My SKIN is BLACK upon me, and my bones are burned with heat.”

Again, this is a metaphor describing the intense pain of persecution, famine, war, and so forth. It would be a stretch to interpret this verse as Job saying he was a BLACK man. Do the BONES of African Black people BURN with heat? In the previous verse, Job says that he is the BROTHER to the dragon. Are we supposed to interpret these words literally and say that Job was a DRAGON? No of course not, these are metaphors describing the pain of a people in the future and NOT Job's pain. This passage of scripture is actually a prophecy. Read the CONTEXT and compare to places where Job is describing his OWN pain. As I have already said black in these contexts means loss of hope, being in despair.

They also quote Song of Solomon 1:5,6 which is indeed describing a dark-skinned woman, who was one of the lovers of Solomon.

Song of Solomon. 1:5,6.

“I am black, BUT comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem (In other words, this black woman is defending herself saying to the daughters of Jerusalem that she was black, BUT she is still pretty, being a black woman, black), as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon.

6. Look NOT upon me (The LITERAL translation says you must not be STARING at me), because I am black, because the sun has looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; but mine own vineyard have I not kept.”

The rest of this verse appears as if her father may have been a black man and her mother was a Caucasian woman, because her mother's children, possibly from a previous marriage MADE her do the chores. There is no doubt that this woman is black, but this does NOT prove that all HEBREW people are Black Africans. We do not even know who this woman is for sure. She is called a Shulamite, but Bible scholars cannot agree with what this means.

I myself find a clue in verse 9 mentioning Pharaoh, so we can assume or at least take a guess that she MAY be an Egyptian woman possibly Nubian or perhaps Ethiopian, but not necessarily Black African as those in west, central and southern Africa. Also to me her being a dark-skinned woman makes her feel OUT of PLACE among the daughters of Jerusalem. This tells me that the daughters of Jerusalem where of a LIGHTER skin color. Please understand that I am not saying that the daughters of Jerusalem were white, but rather that they were of a LIGHTER skin than the darker skin woman. Let us read the CONTEXT to see what else we can learn from the Bible ITSELF.

Song of Solomon 1:1-17.

“The song of songs, which is Solomon's.

2. Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for your love is better than wine.

3. Because of the savor of your good ointments your name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love you.

4. Draw me, we will run after you: the king has brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in you, we will remember your love more than wine: the upright love you.

5. I am BLACK, BUT comely, O you daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon.

6. Look not upon me (Still talking TO the daughters of Jerusalem telling them NOT to STARE at me), BECAUSE I am BLACK, (Now it would make no sense at all for the HEBREW daughters of Jerusalem to STARE at this Shulamite woman BECAUSE she was BLACK, if so be that the Hebrew women were black as well. There is no doubt that this Shulamite woman is saying that SHE is BLACK) because the sun has looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they MADE me the keeper of the vineyards; but mine own vineyard have I not kept (The LITERAL reads that she was made to keep the vineyard which SHE did NOT have custody, which to me makes it seem as if she was a SLAVE to her own kinfolk. Her mother may have been white or of a lighter skin as where your sisters as well being of a DIFFERENT father, which would make her of a MIXED race.)

7. Tell me, O you whom my soul loves, where you feed, where you make your flock to rest at noon: for WHY should I be as one that turns aside by the flocks of your companions?

8. If you know not, O you fairest among women, go your way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed your kids beside the shepherds' tents.

9. I have compared you, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots. (This verse gives us a clue that this black woman is an Egyptian)

10. Your cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, your neck with chains of gold.

11. We will make your borders of gold with studs of silver.

12. While the king sits at his table, my spikenard sends forth the smell thereof.

13. A bundle of myrrh is my well beloved unto me; he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts.

14. My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of Engedi.

15. Behold, you are FAIR (Meaning BRIGHT is another possible meaning of FAIR skin. One of the definitions of fair means pale, light complexion. This dark-skinned Egyptian woman is describing Solomon as being FAIR. This could mean Solomon had LIGHTER, bright fair skin or that Solomon was beautiful to her), my love; behold, you are FAIR; you have doves' eyes.

16. Behold, you are FAIR, my beloved, yea, pleasant: also our bed is green.

17. The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.”

Fair can mean beautiful or it can mean having light colored skin. So the daughters of Jerusalem and Solomon as well were described as being FAIR. Interpret the meaning of fair how you will, but the context certainly implies a DIFFERENCE between this dark skin woman and the Hebrew people.

The last verse they use in Jeremiah 8:21.

“For (Or because of) the HURT of the daughter of my people am I HURT; I am black; astonishment has taken HOLD on me.”

Here again, it would be a stretch to interpret this verse to mean Jeremiah is saying that he is a BLACK man. The context tells us that Jeremiah is void of LIGHT or understanding; he is ASTONISHED at what will take place. Jeremiah hurts because of this revelation of seeing his people being hurt. This brings him DARKNESS or sorrow. A person's SKIN does not become black because of hurt and astonishment.

Below is a quote from another website using both the Bible and extra-Biblical source, which show that the Hebrew Israelite chosen people of God were NOT Black African.

Bible Proof Texts

Joseph the Egyptian

Some people claim that the Israelites were of the Egyptian race because the Canaanites called them, "Egyptians" (Gen 50:11). Since the Egyptians are from the race of Ham, the Israelites are therefore of the black race. Is this true?

The Egyptians themselves called Joseph a "Hebrew" (Gen 39:14, 17; 41:12). So the Egyptians themselves knew the difference between them and the Hebrews. They even called Canaan the "land of the Hebrews" (Gen 40:15).

When Joseph found favor in Pharaoh’s sight, he dressed him in Egyptian apparel and jewelry (Gen 41:42), riding Egyptian vehicles (Gen 41:43). Then gave him an Egyptian name, "And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphnathpaaneah;" (Gen 41:45). Now if the Canaanites see people dressed in Egyptian clothing, and jewels, and drive Egyptian vehicles, obviously they are going to call them "Egyptians" even though racially they are not. In Ex 2:16-19 Moses was called an Egyptian as well. So racially Joseph was NOT an Egyptian.

What of Joseph’s wife? Many believe he married an Egyptian; therefore their sons were of the Egyptian race as well. "…he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On" (Gen 41:45). It does not state that she was an Egyptian at all. Now, given that "On" was in the Goshen area where many Arameans and their aristocracy settled, it is reasonable to assume that he married into that stock for the Egyptians proper were driven southwards. White says, "Around 1750 BC the Babylonians overthrew the Kingdom of Mari (ie the Aramaeans – sometimes incorrectly labeled as Amorites by historians). Many of the tribes under Mari control migrated westwards and infiltrated into the Goshen or delta region of northern Egypt." (A note on the Hyskos and Joseph’s Marriage, p.1). This is why Pharaoh told the Israelites to dwell in Goshen so they can dwell with their own people who were also shepherds (Gen 46:34).

"for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians." (Gen 46:34). If they were such an abomination to the Egyptians what reason would they have to intermarry with them?

The Arameans were of the same stock as Israel (Gen 10:22). Although her name is Egyptian, remember that most Black Americans, for example, have names of Whites, so a name itself is not proof for her being a Black Egyptian.

The Aramaeans were closely akin to the Hebrews. Aram is a son of Shem (Genesis 10:22).

The Israelites were even taught to say "A Syrian (Aramaean) ready to perish was my father"

(Deuteronomy 26:5). In Genesis 24 and 29 we find that the kinship of the Hebrews and Arameans was cemented by the marriage of Isaac with Rebekah, the sister Aramaean, Laban; and later of Jacob with his daughters. In I Chronicles 7:14 the Israelite Manasseh marries an Aramaean woman. This demonstrates the ethnic closeness of the descendants of Arphaxad through the generations to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, with the descendants of Aram.

It has also been stated in Egypt that the Tribes tended to marry only within themselves and thus physical differences between different tribes were emphasized (Rabbi Avigdor Miller, A Nation is Born, Parshat Beshelach, Exodus 15; 27). So Joseph's wife was of the same race as Joseph Aramean.

Moses the Egyptian

As noted above Moses was called an "Egyptian." Others outside of Egypt would of called him an Egyptian because of his dress, but racially he was not an Egyptian. The Egyptians themselves knew the difference between them and the Israelites.

Moses was of the tribe of Levi (Ex 2:1). When Moses was found, the Egyptian the daughter of Pharaoh herself said, "This is one of the Hebrews' children." (Ex 2:6). Even she knew the difference between the Egyptians and the Hebrews. At that time there were many non-Egyptians in Egypt. The  Hebrew-Canaanite-Egyptian combination known as the Hyskos had ruled over the country.  The Israelites were now enslaved in Egypt but not necessarily that distinguishable in dress, etc, from the others. This would apply especially to Moses who had been raised by Egyptians in the Egyptian manner.

Judging by archaeological remains, The Ancient Egyptians were on the whole not black but rather mainly of Mediterranean Type.  Egypt is on the fringe of Africa passing into Asia. Due to climate AND environment the further south you go in Egypt the darker the people become. Some of the Egyptians could be quite fair, others very dark.  This applies today and it applied then even though the racial stock may have changed somewhat.

You will note most have dark hair; some are darkish, some of brown or  yellowish complexion, others light skinned. There are a few women
of blondish and light brown-haired appearance, etc, and these may have been of foreign origin or not. Blondish types elsewhere, without outside admixture, account for ca.15% of the Mediterranean physical type. Also, amongst the Ancient Libyans, and the modern Hamitic Berbers both of whom were close of kin  to the Ancient Egyptians blondish types are found.

It is admitted that most Ancient Egyptians where darkish when compared to modern Westerners. Some more fair haired types however were also present. These too, in the eyes of outsiders, would have been considered Egyptian. So when the daughters of Jethro saw Moses, they knew he was Egyptian, not by race, but more by appearance, since the overall racial features of Egyptians were dark, there were also light colored Egyptians as well.

A Midrash says that albino blond and red-haired types ("Bohakanim") were common amongst the Tribes of Simeon and Levi. One relatively recent and somewhat obscure commentator (Etz Yoseph, ca. 1845, on Midrash Tanchuma) opines that most of the high Priests had red or golden hair. At all events red-hair is fairly common amongst Jews. It could be that those who are Levites may have a slightly higher percentage of red-heads amongst them. Most likely Moses was a red head.

What of Moses' wife. The Bible says, "for he had married an Ethiopian woman" (Num 12:1). Was she black?

Moses fled to Midian (Ex 2:15), and met Jethro or Reuel (Ex 2:18), and married “Zipporah his daughter.” (Ex 2:21). These were also called the Kenites. Judges 1:16 says, “And the children of the Kenite, Moses' father in law.” And Moses father in-law was, “Hobab, the son of Raguel the Midianite, Moses' father in law” (Numbers 10:29).

The Hebrew word for Ethiopian is “kûshı̂yth” (Strong’s#3571). A Cushite.

In Habakkuk 3 it says, “I saw the tents of Cushan in affliction: and the curtains of the land of Midian did tremble.” (v.7). Cushan (kûshân Strong’s #3572), is the same  word as Cushite.

Gill’s Commentary writes, “The same with Cush or Ethiopia; hence the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions render it, ‘the tents of the Ethiopians’; and these are the same with ‘the curtains of Midian’ in the next clause, tents being made of curtains, and the Ethiopians and Midianites the same people; so the daughter of the priest of Midian, whom Moses married, is called an Ethiopian woman, Exo 2:21.” (Emphasis added). 

The JFB Commentary says the same thing, “the same as Cush; made “Cush-an” to harmonize with “Midi-an” in the parallel clause. So Lotan is found in the Hebrew of Genesis for Lot. Bochart therefore considers it equivalent to Midian, or a part of Arabia. So in Num 12:1, Moses’ Midianite wife is called an Ethiopian (Hebrew, Cushite).” (Emphasis theirs and mine).  

The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia under “Cushan” writes, “ ‘the tents of Cushan’ are mentioned in an individualizing description of the effects of a theophany. Parallel is the phrase ‘the curtains of the land of Midian.’ Septuagint renders Cushan, כּוּשׁן, kūshān, by Αἰθιόπων, Aithiópōn, reading perhaps כּוּשׁים, kūshı̄m, or כּוּשׁין, kūshı̄n (כּוּשׁן, kūshin). The context indicates that the same land or people is intended…” (emphasis added). So Cushan and Midian is one and the same people. But why are they called “Cushan”? Some seem to think its Cush of the black races, but clearly Midian in meant, who are Semitic. The Midianites are descendant of Abraham and Keturah (Gen 25:1-2).The answer lies in the Bible.

In Judges 3 the Israelites were

oppressed by a power in Syria, where the Midianites dwelt at that time! It was headed by “Chushan-rishathaim.” He was “King of Mesopotamia.” (v.8). “or Aramnaharaim; that is, Syria, between the two rivers, which were Tigris and Euphrates; hence the Greek name of this place is as here called Mesopotamia” (Gill’s Commentary).

This name “Cushan” was “analogous to other Oriental titles of royalty” (JFB Commentary) like “Hur” or the Hurranians, the warrior class of the Midiantes. Since Jethro was a priest Of Midian, Cushan was one of the titles he also had since he was a man of importance. Hence Moses’ wife was called a “Cushite.” So Moses did not marry a black woman but the Midianite meaning  Zipporah who was of Semitic white stock. The Midianites today are the modern day Ukrainians. 

Jesus Christ

Since Jesus is a descendant of David and Solomon, its only logical that Jesus looks or resembles David.

Publius Lentrelus, a resident of Judea in Jesus Time wrote about Jesus and said that he had "...eyes bright blue..." (Weiland., p.341). Just like David! Jesus most likely had reddish or blond Hair, Maybe even freckles? Many writers like the letter to Caesar himself by Pontius Pilate, and "Gamaliel's interview," about Jesus all describe Jesus with light colored hair and eyes, see ibid., pp.340-341.

Now also with the Shroud of Turin being proved as genuine, the experts say that the man on the Shroud, who is Jesus is "male Caucasian" (Robert Bucklin M.D., J.D. Las Vegas, Nevada). And that Jesus Had "light blonde hair" (Unlocking the Secrets of the Shroud, p.137, Gilbert Lavoie).

Some argue that Jesus went to Egypt (Matthew 2:14) when he was a boy because he would of blend in with the other Egyptians because he was the same color as them. Again this is pure speculation and not based on the facts. In fact the reason Egypt would of been a great place for them to flee is because "Mary and Joseph's flight to Egypt was not an odd move. Eighty-Five percent of all Jews lived outside of Israel, and Alexandria, Egypt, contained a large and old Jewish population. Joseph and Mary may have had friends or relatives there" (McDowell He Walked Among Us, p.199, emphasis mine). That's why they went to Egypt not because he looked Egyptian, but because he was JEWISH (John 4:9).

Some say that the reason why Simon the Cyrene was called to carry the cross for Christ (Matthew 27:32) is because he was of Cyrene. "Cyrene was a city of Libya, in Africa, lying west of Egypt." (Barnes Commentary). However at the time Cyrene was a Phoenician colony "where Jews and Phoenicians and their descendants had been working together for centuries [see Acts 11:19-26]...Large populations of our race [meaning Phoenicians] permanently settled in Africa, in Egypt and other parts about Cyrene...both Crete and Cyrene had a large Jewish population... "(Coming of the Saints John Taylor, pp.16, 49, 52). The Phoenicians are the Israelites of the Bible as we have proved in our booklet the USA and the British in prophecy. They also had a large Jewish population as well. Most likely Simon was either Jewish or Phoenician, most likely Jewish since he was in Palestine for the Passover. Barnes even admits, "There were many Jews there [in Cyrene], and they were in the habit, like others, of going frequently to Jerusalem."


Now if the Israelites were black why is it they do not have the blessings of Israel? They are not a nation and a company of nations (Gen 35:10-11; 48 and 49).

They are not the leader nations of the world (Jer 31:7).

God said after the deportations into captivity 7 times would pass, and then they would receive their blessings. 2520 years passed, which comes to 1800 A.D. and who  became a nation and a company of nations? The British and American peoples, not the black Africans. 

The Israelites would also administer justice and judgment around the world (Gen 18:19). They would be God's battle axe against tyrants and dictators (Jer 51:20). They would a have strong global military (Gen 49:23-24; Micah 5:7-15). These blessings all belong to the British and American peoples.

They would be Christian nations (Gen 49:24).

In fact there is a prophecy that the black people would go to them and become part of their country, and convert because they know God is with them, and that the Israelites would set them free from slavery, "Thus saith the LORD, The labour of Egypt, and merchandise of Ethiopia and of the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over unto thee, and they shall be thine: they shall come after thee; in chains they shall come over, and they shall fall down unto thee, they shall make supplication unto thee, saying, Surely God is in thee; and there is none else, there is no God." (Isa 45:14).

The verse itself speaks of an ultimate acknowledgement of the God of Israel by the captives. According to our understanding of the Prophet Isaiah (43;3 and 45;14 and the verses around them) it was predicted that the Lost Ten Tribes  would rule over India, Egypt and much of Africa. The trade with India would be theirs, the recompense arriving (via the Suez Canal) at Egypt would be theirs, and they would transport Africans (many of whom were large-bodied) across the seas. Notice it says, "in chains they shall come over." The black slaves were brought to them by the Muslim masters who controlled the slave trade at the time in chains.

The British ruled India. Economically they gained very much from trade with India, they ruled Egypt and controlled the Suez Canal linking the Mediterranean Sea with the East. They also controlled much of Africa and the Negro Slaves in chains were sent by them and others acting on their behalf across the Sea to North America and to the West Indies.

During that time of great colonization, when Israel was, "to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages;" (Isaiah 49:8). The prophecy says, "That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures shall be in all high places." (Isaiah 49:9). The British let the prisoners go in North America and the West indies, as well as Australia into the colonies, and they became part of the citizens of America, Canada and Australia and became Christian in religion.

The British and American possess the "gates of their enemies" (Gen 24:60). During the last of the nineteenth century and much of the twentieth,  Britain had possessions all over the globe! Here are some of them: Palestine, Trans-Jordan, Gibraltar, Malta, Crete, the Suez Canal, The Khyber Pass, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Ceylon, Rhodesia, Kenya, and Tanganyika; Singapore and the Straits of Malacca; Hong Kong, Brunei, the Gilberts and Solomons, New Georgia and New Guinea; Santa Cruz. In the Atlantic, Britain controlled the Hebrides, the Falklands, Bermuda, Bahamas, Barbuda, Antigua, St. Vincent, St. Lucia, Barbados, the Cayman Islands, and British Honduras, as well as British Guiana.

The major sea and land gates of the world were possessed almost entirely by the British and the United States.

For our own part, the strategic location of the United States itself, protected from Europe's wars by the vast Atlantic and Pacific oceans, has played a vital role in the preservation of freedom in America. We possessed vitally important sea gates and strategic island defenses in the Panama Canal; Guantanamo on Cuba, the Hawaiian Islands; Midway, Guam, and Wake. We possessed the frigid island chain of the Aleutians with Dutch Harbor. Only a cursory knowledge of history would serve to impress upon anyone the vital, all-important strategic value of these areas.

Britain possessed Gibraltar and Suez, thereby bottling up the Mediterranean, and with Malta, Crete and Cyprus available as naval bases, not to mention Alexandria, in Egypt, as well as the Bosporus-Dardanelles between European Turkey and the Anatolian Peninsula, bottling up the Black Sea. Britain stood astride the most vital sea lanes in the world.

Add to this the huge naval base at Singapore and the Straits of Malacca, Hong Kong on the Chinese littoral, together with Brunei, and one gets a picture of how and why Britain was able, together with the Dutch (who are the descendants of Zebulon, another of the so-called "lost ten tribes") who possessed the East Indies, to maintain a powerful naval and military presence in the Far East. What about the possession between those two SAXON BROTHERS, the Great Company of Nations of Britain, and America, a Great single Powerful Nation "Possessing the Gates of their enemies." THE STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE OF ALL OF THOSE AREAS, IS IMPOSSIBLE TO OVER EMPHASIZE!

Israel were also to be a missionary people. God says, "Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen" (Isaiah 43:10). Britain and America and the great missionary movements of the 17th to the 20th centuries that converted many peoples to  Christianity including the Black Africans is unprecedented. Missionaries gave their lives to delivering the Gospel to the heathen. The Colonial charters of the American colonies specifically say that the colonies were created for the spreading of the Gospel to the heathen. Only British, Americans, and other Northwestern Europeans can make this claim, while the Black Africans were still lost in heathenism.

In conclusion, according to the blessings in the Bible. The races and where the migrated to. The description of the Israelite and the Semites in the Bible, one can only come to the conclusion that the Israelites are of the white race and not black.

Now, from viewing some of the videos made by some in the Black African Israelite Movement, I myself, see some racial tension, which seems to be drawing from when the Black Africans were once slaves in America.

Please keep in mind that this study is NOT about any racial issue, but rather about CORRECT INTERPRETATION of the Bible.

I have also viewed many videos where many Black Africans are OVER what happened in the PAST.

In all honesty, should an ENTIRE race be judged by what a FEW within that race did in the PAST? If it was the other way around, should the white people hold ALL Black people accountable for the BAD which only SOME Black people are responsible?

So then, in the case of Black African Negro slavery, the blame actually should fall on BOTH sides, seeing the Black Africans SOLD their OWN people. And what I mean by BOTH sides is NOT speaking of people TODAY, but rather those responsible for slavery in the PAST. Now, this does not clear those who BOUGHT slaves, but rather I am pointing out that ALL the blame is not to be placed on the WHITE race and particularly on white AMERICANS alone.

The truth of the matter, Black African Negro people ALSO owned Black African slaves as well. The countries leading African American historian, Duke University professor John Hope Franklin, records that in New Orleans over 3000 FREE Negroes OWNED slaves or 28 percent of free Negroes in that city ALSO owned Negroe slaves.

Secondly, which of those in the Black supremacy movement were slaves THEMSELVES? So again, why keep digging up the past? It is in the past! It is NOT right to hold accountable a whole race of people for what a FEW people did in the PAST. For you see, every white person did NOT own any slaves. In fact. most white people were AGAINST slavery.

What these records show is that the modern slave trade flourished in the early middle ages, as early as 869, especially between Muslim traders and western African kingdoms. For moralists, the most important aspect of that trade should be that Muslims were selling goods to the African kingdoms and the African kingdoms were paying with their own people. In most instances, no violence was necessary to obtain those slaves.

The Dutch were the first, apparently, to import black slaves into North America, but black slaves had already been employed all over the world, including South and Central America. We tend to focus on what happened in North America because the United States would eventually fight a war over slavery (and it's in the U.S. that large sectors of the population would start condemning slavery, contrary to the indifference that Muslims and most Europeans showed for it).

Even after Europeans began transporting black slaves to America, most trade was just that: "trade". In most instances, the Europeans did not need to use any force to get those slaves. The slaves were "sold" more or less legally by their (black) owners. Scholars estimate that about 12,000,000 Africans were sold by Africans to Europeans (most of them before 1776, when the USA wasn't yet born) and 17,000,000 were sold to Arabs.

It is also fair to say that, while everybody tolerated it, very few whites practiced slavery: in 1860 there were 385,000 USA citizens who owned slaves, or about 1.4% of the white population (there were 27 million whites in the USA). That percentage was zero in the states that did not allow slavery (only 8 million of the 27 million whites lived in states that allowed slavery). Incidentally, in 1830 about 25% of the free Negro slave masters in South Carolina owned 10 or more slaves: that is a much higher percentage (ten times more) than the number of white slave owners. Thus slave owners were a tiny minority (1.4%) and it was not only whites: it was just about anybody who could, including blacks themselves.

Moral opposition to slavery became widespread even before Lincoln, and throughout Europe. On the other hand, opposition to slavery was never particularly strong in Africa itself, where slavery is slowly being eradicated only in our times.

So to ME, in the LIGHT of all the evidence, I myself conclude that the HEBREW Israelite chosen people of God were NOT the Black Africans.

I myself see the TRUE Jews as ORIGINALLY being the descendants of SHEM, which were the Caucasian white people, BUT over time due to MIXED marriages, the HEBREW Israelite chosen people of God were a MIXED people primarily having the skin color of the Mongoloid ASIAN people, who in the MIDDLE EAST are of a darker skin color than the Caucasian people who settled in the most Northern parts of the earth and who inhabit NORTH America. Now, this is NOT to say that not one single Black African person is not of the lineage of those Hebrew people who were of MIXED marriages.

Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies that I gave links to throughout this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below along with all the studies that I have on this subject. Also, below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.

Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

Brother Mark.




Some Christians CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's day.

Please read all the studies linked within this study and all the studies linked below. This study was just the TIP of the iceberg of exposing the ERRORS of interpretation made by the Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping churches, and the Sunday first day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians. All of the studies listed below can be sent to a brother or sister caught up in the Hebrew Roots Movement or a Sabbath-keeping church by sending them this one link “>>>WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?<<<”

Or you can pick and choose any of the links below to send to them or read for yourself. Be sure to read the HISTORICAL evidence if you have not already done so. I post the SAME historical evidence at the end of almost every study on this subject of the Sabbath day. But if you want to read it again you may see something that did not stand out before.














“HAS GOD'S LAW BEEN ABOLISHED? (Matthew 5:17-19)”

















Again, some Christians make the CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's Day.

Here is a NON BIAS historical account found in a letter from Pliny the Younger to Trojan concerning the Christians.

Pliny was a Roman who persecuted and killed Christians, so again this is a historical NON BIAS account of WHEN Christians gathered together.

Here is what Pliny says in his letter to Trojan. The EMPHASIS and comments in parenthesis are my own:

“That they were WONT (Or as they were ACCUSTOMED and USED to do, or in the HABIT of doing)on a STATED day (Or on a CERTAIN preset day)to meet together BEFORE IT WAS LIGHT, and to sing a hymn to Christ, as to a god, alternately; and to oblige themselves by a sacrament [or oath], not to do anything that was ill: but that they would commit no theft, or pilfering, or adultery; that they would not break their promises, or deny what was deposited with them, when it was required back again; after which it was their CUSTOM to depart, AND to meet AGAIN at a common but innocent meal,(So after they had worship service early morning beginning before day light, they would depart and they come back together later that same day to share a common simple meal together and most likely break bread together as other early church writers give more detail) which they had left off upon that edict which I published at your command, and wherein I had forbidden any such conventicles (Or religious meetings).”

Below are some quotes of early church writers that clearly teach us that the early church did NOT keep the Sabbath day, as in, on SATURDAY, the 7th day of the week, but rather the early church throughout history from it's beginning worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, which is sometimes referred to as the EIGHTH day of the week or the day AFTER the Sabbath day, or the LORD'S DAY. (The emphasis is mine in these quotes given below):

The year AD or date is given first and then the source is given at the end followed by the quote from that historical source. The Apostle John was still alive until 100 AD.

#1. 90 AD DIDACHE:

"Christian Assembly on the Lord's Day:

1. But every Lord's day do ye gather yourselves together, and break bread, and give thanksgiving after having confessed your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure.

2. But let no one that is at variance with his fellow come together with you, until they be reconciled, that your sacrifice may not be profaned.

3. For this is that which was spoken by the Lord: In every place and time offer to me a pure sacrifice; for I am a great King, saith the Lord, and my name is wonderful among the nations." (Didache: The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, Chapter XIV)

#2. 100 AD BARNABAS:

"We keep the eighth day [Sunday] with joyfulness, the day also on which Jesus rose again from the dead" (The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD 15:6-8).

#3. 100 AD BARNABAS:

Moreover, God says to the Jews, 'Your new moons and Sabbaths I cannot endure.' You see how he says, 'The present Sabbaths are not acceptable to me, but the Sabbath which I have made in which, when I have rested [heaven: Heb 4] from all things, I will make the beginning of the eighth day which is the beginning of another world.' Wherefore we Christians keep the eighth day for joy, on which also Jesus arose from the dead and when he appeared ascended into heaven. (15:8f, The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, pg. 147)

#4. 110 AD Pliny:

They were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a god, and bound themselves by a solemn oath not to (do) any wicked deeds, never to commit any fraud, theft, or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up; after which it was their custom to separate, and then reassemble to partake of good food—but food of an ordinary and innocent kind. (About three years after the death of Ignatius in 250, an important official communication was sent from one Pliny to Trojan the Roman emperor. Pliny, the Roman governor of Bithynia, wrote of the Christians who had been congregating there probably from at least A.D. 62 onwards. In this remark, it is explicitly stated that these early Christians observed the substance of most of the Ten Commandments, and it is implied that they observed all ten as far as they were able to do so. As far as they were able, for as most of the early Christians were of slave stock or from other lower classes'-, and those who had heathen masters or employers—the vast majority—would be forced to work on THEIR day of rest, which was unfortunately an official working day throughout the empires' until Constantine's "Sabbath" Edict in 321 A.D. gave them some measure of public protection. Hence one reads that after meeting "on a certain FIXED day before it was light", the first century Bithynian Christians had "to separate"—many of them having to labor for their masters and/or employers from dawn to dusk—"and then reassemble to partake of . . . food". The "certain fixed day" [stato die"'] on which the Christians met, is regarded by Seventh-day Adventists as Saturday'-. Certainly, the expression would seem to indicate a regular day of meeting, probably each week. But Sunday is FAR more likely to have been the "certain fixed day" than Saturday. For if Pliny had been referring to the old Saturday Sabbath, as a Roman he would doubtless have referred to the "later" meeting first and only then to the morning meeting on the day after the "certain fixed day", seeing that the old Saturday Sabbath was demarcated from the evening of one day to the evening of the following day. But Pliny makes no such reference. Instead, he mentions that the pre-dawn meeting took place first—and only afterward, the later meeting; and that both meetings took place on the SAME "certain fixed day". This rather points to the Roman (and—more importantly!—New Testament) midnight to midnight demarcation of modern Sunday-keepers than to the evening to evening demarcation of the Jews and the Seventh-day Adventists.) (The Covenantal Sabbath, Francis Nigel Lee, Pg 242)

Also, I myself will further add to the comment of the writer above that mere common sense plainly teaches us that Pliny was clearly speaking of SUNDAY because the LAW that Constantine passed was not to mandate work on SUNDAY, so that these Christians could worship God on SUNDAY. So the CLAIM by the Seventh Day Advent church that the fixed day of worship for Christians was a Saturday is FALSE. Otherwise, Constantine would have made it a law that employers allow Christians off for work on a Saturday rather than on a Sunday. 

This PROVES beyond any shadow of a doubt that the Christians were ALREADY worshiping God on SUNDAY, the FIRST DAY of the week from the very beginning of the church on the day of Pentecost. The truth of the matter is that Constantine only made it easier for Christians to worship God on Sunday without being persecuted by their employers or owners by passing the EDICT making it a LAW to force heathen employers to let their employees have at least some time off from work so that they could worship God on SUNDAY. 

Every Sabbath keeper will AGREE that Constantine's “SABBATH” is referring to SUNDAY as the day of the week and NOT as Saturday being the REST for Christians. Again, all that Constantine did was to pass a law making it EASIER for Christians to worship on the DAY that they had ALREADY been worshiping on since the very beginning, at the DAY of PENTECOST, which is on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week that Christian called the LORD'S day, the day our Lord rose from the grave. 

Open your EYES dear child of God and read what these early church writings are teaching us about the EARLIEST believers as to which day the early church worshiped God. SUNDAY has ALWAYS been the Sabbath or the day of REST of the early church and the church throughout its entire history.


-I [Christ] have come into being on the eighth day which is the day of the Lord. (18)

#6. 150 AD JUSTIN.

"He then speaks of those Gentiles, namely us, who in every place offer sacrifices to Him, i.e., the bread of the Eucharist, and also the cup of the Eucharist, affirming both that we glorify His name, and that you profane [it]. The command of circumcision, again, bidding [them] always circumcise the children on the eighth day, was a type of the true circumcision, by which we are circumcised from deceit and iniquity through Him who rose from the dead on the first day AFTER the Sabbath, [namely through] our Lord Jesus Christ. For the first day after the Sabbath, remaining the first of all the days, is called, however, the eighth, according to the number of all the days of the cycle, and [yet] remains the first." (Justin, Dialogue 41:4)

#7. 150 AD JUSTIN:

...those who have persecuted and do persecute Christ, if they do not repent, shall not inherit anything on the holy mountain. But the Gentiles, who have believed on Him, and have repented of the sins which they have committed, they shall receive the inheritance along with the patriarchs and the prophets, and the just men who are descended from Jacob, even although they neither keep the Sabbath, nor are circumcised, nor observe the feasts. Assuredly they shall receive the holy inheritance of God. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 207)

#8. 150 AD JUSTIN:

But if we do not admit this, we shall be liable to fall into foolish opinion, as if it were not the same God who existed in the times of Enoch and all the rest, who neither were circumcised after the flesh, nor observed Sabbaths, nor any other rites, seeing that Moses enjoined such observances... For if there was no need of circumcision before Abraham, or of the observance of Sabbaths, of feasts and sacrifices, before Moses; no more need is there of them now, after that, according to the will of God, Jesus Christ the Son of God has been born without sin, of a virgin sprung from the stock of Abraham. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 206)

#9. 150 AD JUSTIN:

Moreover, all those righteous men already mentioned [after mentioning Adam. Abel, Enoch, Lot, Noah, Melchizedek, and Abraham], though they kept no Sabbaths, were pleasing to God; and after them Abraham with all his descendants until Moses... And you [fleshly Jews] were commanded to keep Sabbaths, that you might retain the memorial of God. For His word makes this announcement, saying, "That you may know that I am God who redeemed you." (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 204)

#10. 150 AD JUSTIN.

There is no other thing for which you blame us, my friends, is there than this? That we do not live according to the Law, nor, are we circumcised in the flesh as your forefathers, nor do we observe the Sabbath as you do. (Dialogue with Trypho 10:1. In verse 3 the Jew Trypho acknowledges that Christians 'do not keep the Sabbath.')

#11. 155 AD Justin Martyr:

"[W]e too would observe the fleshly circumcision, and the Sabbaths, and in short all the feasts, if we did not know for what REASON they were enjoined [on] you--namely, on account of your transgressions and the hardness of your heart. . . . [H]ow is it, Trypho, that we would not observe those rites which do not harm us--I speak of fleshly circumcision AND Sabbaths AND feasts? . . . God enjoined you [Jews] to keep the Sabbath and impose on you other precepts for a sign, as I have already said, on account of your unrighteousness and that of your fathers" (Dialogue with Trypho the Jew 18, 21).

#12. 180 AD ACTS OF PETER:

Paul had often contended with the Jewish teachers and had confuted them (Or refuted them completely), saying 'it is Christ on whom your fathers laid hands. He abolished their Sabbath and fasts and festivals and circumcision.' (1: I)-2


Early in the morning when (the Sabbath dawned, a multitude from Jerusalem and the surrounding country came to see the scaled sepulcher. In the night in which the Lord's day dawned, while the soldiers in pairs for each watch were keeping guard, a great voice came from heaven. [There follows an account of the resurrection. Early in the morning of the Lord's day Mary Magdalene, a disciple of the Lord .... came to the sepulcher. (9:34f.; 12:50f.)


(in commenting on each of the Ten Commandments and their Christian meaning:) The seventh day is proclaimed a day of rest, PREPARING by abstention from evil FOR the Primal day, our TRUE rest. (Ibid. VII. xvi. 138.1)

I will add that the meaning of the word “Primal” means an “ARCHETYPAL” which means an original TYPE pointing to the TRUE. So this early church writer is saying what Paul teaches us in scripture that the things in the OLD Testament are TYPES and SHADOWS or the TRUE which was to come. Jesus became our SABBATH, and we have entered into our REST being in Jesus Christ. The SABBATH was an ARCHETYPAL pointing toward our TRUE REST which was to come being FULFILLED in the ATONEMENT of Jesus.


He does the commandment according to the Gospel and keeps the Lord's day, whenever he puts away an evil mind . . . glorifying the Lord's resurrection in himself. (Ibid. Vii.xii.76.4)


Plato prophetically speaks of the Lord's day in the tenth book of the Republic, in these words: 'And when seven days have passed to each of them in the meadow, on the eighth they must go on." (Miscellanies V.xiv.106.2)


Wherever we are, we are all called after the one name of Christ Christians. On one day, the first of the week, we assemble ourselves together (On Fate)


"We solemnize the day AFTER Saturday in contradistinction to those who call this day their Sabbath" (Tertullian's Apology, Ch 16)

In other words, Tertullian is saying that we Christians DISTINGUISH us from the JEWS who hold Saturday as THEIR Sabbath by solemnizing or referencing the day AFTER Saturday as our day of worship and rest.


It follows, accordingly, that, in so far as the abolition of carnal circumcision and of the old law is demonstrated as having been consummated at its specific times, so also the observance of the Sabbath is demonstrated to have been temporary. (An Answer to the Jews 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 155)


Let him who contends that the Sabbath is still to be observed a balm of salvation, and circumcision on the eighth day because of the threat of death, teach us that in earliest times righteous men kept Sabbath or practiced circumcision, and so were made friends of God. .. ...Therefore, since God originated Adam uncircumcised, and inobservant of the Sabbath, consequently his offspring also, Abel, offering Him sacrifices, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was by Him commended... Noah also, uncircumcised - yes, and inobservant of the Sabbath - God freed from the deluge. For Enoch, too, most righteous man, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, He translated from this world... Melchizedek also, "the priest of most high God," uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was chosen to the priesthood of God. (An Answer to the Jews 2:10; 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 153)


Others . . . suppose that the sun is the god of the Christians because it is well-known that we regard Sunday as a day of joy. (To the Nations 1: 133)

Keep in mind that this was well BEFORE Constantine SUPPOSEDLY CHANGED the day of rest and worship to Sunday as the Seventh Day Adventist church CLAIMS. But in TRUTH, Christians had ALREADY been worshiping God on Sunday, the FIRST day of the week that they also called the Lord’s Day, the day that our Lord and Savior Jesus rose from the dead. 

So, as early as Tertullian in 200 AD there were groups of JEWS and Christian JEWS who ASSUMED or who SUPPOSED, or who FALSELY ACCUSED Christians of worshiping God on SUNDAY that they were worshiping a sun god and not the true God.


To us Sabbaths are foreign. (On Idolatry, 14:6)4

#23. 220 AD ORIGEN:

"On Sunday none of the actions of the world should be done. If then, you abstain from all the works of this world and keep yourselves free for spiritual things, go to church, listen to the readings and divine homilies, meditate on heavenly things. (Homil. 23 in Numeros 4, PG 12:749)

#24. 220 AD Origen:

"Hence it is not possible that the [day of] rest after the Sabbath should have come into existence from the seventh [day] of our God. On the contrary, it is our Savior who, after the pattern of his own rest, caused us to be made in the likeness of his death, and hence also of his resurrection" (Commentary on John 2:28).

#25. 225 AD The Didascalia:

"The apostles further appointedOn the first day of the week let there be service, and the reading of the Holy Scriptures, and the oblation, because on the first day of the week our Lord rose from the place of the dead, and on the first day of the week he arose upon the world, and on the first day of the week he ascended up to heaven, and on the first day of the week he will appear at last with the angels of heaven" (Didascalia 2).

And I add further that the church BEGAN on the day of Pentecost, on a SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week. The early church evidence and the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible, make it quite clear that the early church worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, called the LORD'S day and that they did NOT KEEP the Sabbath day as the JEWS.

#26. 250 AD CYPRIAN:

The eight day, that is, the first day after the Sabbath, and the Lord's Day." (Epistle 58, Sec 4)

#27. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

"If, therefore, those who were brought up in the ancient order of things have come to the possession of a new hope, no longer observing the Sabbath, but living in the observance of the Lord's Day, on which also our life has sprung up again by Him and by His death-whom some deny, by which mystery we have obtained faith, and therefore endure, that we may be found the disciples of Jesus Christ, our only Master-how shall we be able to live apart from Him, whose disciples the prophets themselves in the Spirit did wait for Him as their Teacher? And therefore He whom they rightly waited for, being come, raised them from the dead. If, then, those who were conversant with the ancient Scriptures came to newness of hope, expecting the coming of Christ, as the Lord teaches us when He says, "If ye had believed Moses, ye would have believed Me, for he wrote of Me; " and again, "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad; for before Abraham was, I am; " how shall we be able to live without Him? The prophets were His servants, and foresaw Him by the Spirit, and waited for Him as their Teacher, and expected Him as their Lord and Saviour, saying, "He will come and save us." Let us therefore NO longer keep the Sabbath after the Jewish manner, and rejoice in days of idleness; for "he that does not work, let him not eat." For say the [holy] oracles, "In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat thy bread." But let every one of you keep the Sabbath after a spiritual manner, rejoicing in meditation on the law, NOT in relaxation of the body, admiring the workmanship of God, and not eating things prepared the day before, nor using lukewarm drinks, and walking within a prescribed space, nor finding delight in dancing and plaudits which have no sense in them. And after the observance of the Sabbath, let every friend of Christ keep the Lord's Day as a festival, the resurrection-day, the queen and chief of all the days [of the week]. Looking forward to this, the prophet declared, "To the end, for the eighth day," on which our life both sprang up again, and the victory over death was obtained in Christ, whom the children of perdition, the enemies of the Saviour, deny, "whose god is their belly, who mind earthly things," who are "lovers of pleasure, and not lovers of God, having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof." These make merchandise of Christ, corrupting His word, and giving up Jesus to sale: they are corrupters of women, and covetous of other men's possessions, swallowing up wealth insatiably; from whom may ye be delivered by the mercy of God through our Lord Jesus Christ! (Epistle of Ignatius to the Magnesians, Chapter IX)

#28. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

"On the day of the preparation, then, at the third hour, He received the sentence from Pilate, the Father permitting that to happen; at the sixth hour He was crucified; at the ninth hour He gave up the ghost; and before sunset He was buried. During the Sabbath He continued under the earth in the tomb in which Joseph of Arimathaea had laid Him. At the dawning of the Lord's day He arose from the dead, according to what was spoken by Himself, "As Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of man also be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. "The day of the preparation, then, comprises the passion; the Sabbath embraces the burial; the Lord's Day contains the resurrection." (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians, chapter 9)

#29. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

If anyone fasts on the Lord's Day or on the Sabbath, except on the paschal Sabbath only, he is a murderer of Christ. (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Philippians, chapter 8)

#30. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

"This [custom], of not bending the knee upon Sunday, is a symbol of the resurrection, through which we have been set free, by the grace of Christ, from sins, and from death, which has been put to death under Him. Now this custom took its rise from apostolic times, as the blessed Irenaeus, the martyr and bishop of Lyons, declares in his treatise On Easter, in which he makes mention of Pentecost also; upon which [feast] we do not bend the knee, because it is of equal significance with the Lord's day, for the reason already alleged concerning it." (Ignatius, Fragments)

#31. 300 AD Victorinus:

"The sixth day [Friday] is called parasceve, that is to say, the preparation of the kingdom. . . . On this day also, on account of the passion of the Lord Jesus Christ, we make either a station to God or a fast. On the seventh day, he rested from all his works, and blessed it, and sanctified it. On the former day, we are accustomed to fast rigorously, that on the Lord's day we may go forth to our bread with giving of thanks. And let the parasceve become a rigorous fast, lest we should APPEAR to observe ANY Sabbath with the Jews . . . which Sabbath he [Christ] in his body ABOLISHED" (The Creation of the World).

#32. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:

"They did not, therefore, regard circumcision, NOR observe the Sabbath NEITHER do we; ... because such things as these do NOT belong to Christians" (Ecc. Hist., Book 1, Ch. 4)

#33. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:

[The Ebionites] were accustomed to observe the Sabbath and other Jewish customs but on the Lord's days to celebrate the same practices as we in remembrance of the resurrection of the Savior. (Church History Ill.xxvii.5)

I will also add that the Ebionites were Christians who were seduced by the Jews to keep the Jewish customs. In other words, the Ebionites were Judaized Christians. The Ebionites also taught the need to be circumcised in the flesh in order to be saved. Some today would not even consider Ebionites as being true Christians since they went back to trusting the Law of Moses to be saved.

#34. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:

"They [the pre- Mosaic saints of the Old Testament] did not care about circumcision of the body, neither do we [Christians]. They did not care about observing Sabbaths, nor do we. They did not avoid certain kinds of food, neither did they regard the other distinctions which Moses first delivered to their posterity to be observed as symbolsnor do Christians of the present day do such things" (Church History 1:4:8).

#35. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:

"The day of his [Christ's] light . . . was the day of his resurrection from the dead, which they say, as being the one and only truly holy day and the Lord's day, is better than any number of days as we ordinarily understand them, and better than the days set apart by the Mosaic Law for feasts, new moons, and Sabbaths, which the Apostle [Paul] teaches are the shadow of days and not days in reality" (Proof of the Gospel 4:16:186).

#36. 345 AD Athanasius:

"The Sabbath was the end of the first creation, the Lord's day was the beginning of the second, in which he renewed and restored the old in the same way as he prescribed that they should formerly observe the Sabbath as a memorial of the end of the first things, so we honor the Lord's day as being the memorial of the new creation" (On Sabbath and Circumcision 3).


Be not careless of yourselves, neither deprive your Saviour of His own members, neither divide His body nor disperse His members, neither prefer the occasions of this life to the word of God; but assemble yourselves together every day, morning and evening, singing psalms and praying in the Lord's house: in the morning saying the sixty-second Psalm, and in the evening the hundred and fortieth, but principally on the Sabbath-day. And on the day of our Lord's resurrection, which is the Lord's day, meet more diligently, sending praise to God that made the universe by Jesus, and sent Him to us, and condescended to let Him suffer, and raised Him from the dead. Otherwise what apology will he make to God who does not assemble on that day to hear the saving word concerning the resurrection, on which we pray thrice standing in memory of Him who arose in three days, in which is performed the reading of the prophets, the preaching of the Gospel, the oblation of the sacrifice, the gift of the holy food? (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 2)


"How We Ought to Assemble Together and to Celebrate the Festival Day of Our Saviour's Resurrection. On the day of the resurrection of the Lord, that is, the Lord's day, assemble yourselves together, without fail, giving thanks to God, and praising Him for those mercies God has bestowed upon you through Christ and has delivered you from ignorance, error, and bondage, that your sacrifice may be unspotted, and acceptable to God,..." (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 7)

#39. 350 AD Cyril of Jerusalem:

"Fall NOT AWAY either into the sect of the Samaritans or into Judaism, for Jesus Christ has henceforth ransomed you. Stand aloof from ALL observance of Sabbaths and from calling any indifferent meats common or unclean" (Catechetical Lectures 4:37).

#40. 360 AD Council of Laodicea:

"Christians should NOT Judaize and should NOT be idle on the Sabbath, but should work on that day; they should, however, particularly reverence the Lord's day and, if possible, not work on it, because they were Christians" (canon 29).

#41. 387 AD John Chrysostom:

"You have put on Christ, you have become a member of the Lord and been enrolled in the heavenly city, and you still grovel in the Law [of Moses]? How is it possible for you to obtain the kingdom? Listen to Paul's words, that the observance of the Law overthrows the gospel, and learn, if you will, how this comes to pass, and tremble, and shun this pitfallWhy do you keep the Sabbath and fast with the Jews?" (Homilies on Galatians 2:17).

#42. 412 AD Augustine:

"Well, now, I should like to be told what there is in these Ten Commandments, except the observance of the Sabbath, which ought NOT to be kept by a Christian . . . Which of these commandments would anyone say that the Christian ought not to keep? It is possible to contend that it is not the Law which was written on those two tables that the apostle [Paul] describes as 'the letter that kills' [2 Cor. 3:6], but the law of circumcision and the other sacred rites which are now abolished" (The Spirit and the Letter 24).

#43. 597 AD Gregory I:

"But after that, the grace of Almighty God, our Lord Jesus Christ, has appeared, the commandments of the Law which were spoken figuratively cannot be kept according to the letter. For if anyone says that this about the Sabbath is to be kept, he must need to say that carnal sacrifices are to be offered. He must say too that the commandment about the circumcision of the body is still to be retained. But let him hear the apostle Paul saying in opposition to him: 'If you be circumcised, Christ will profit you nothing' (Gal. 5:2)" (Letters 13:1).

Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies I gave links to at the beginning of this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below. Also below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.

          Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

        Brother Mark.






A Black man speaks out against RACISM supremacy movement among SOME Black African Americans


Black on Black crime:


Blacks who do not blame the white people for the problems among Black African Americans.


A JEW proves that the Hebrew Israelite people were NOT Black African. Please understand that being a JEW is NOT the answer for one who is seeking the TRUTH and who desires to receive ETERNAL LIFE at the second coming of Jesus.


A Play list of videos by different people exposing the errors of interpretation made by those among the Black African Israelite Movement. Please understand that I do NOT support ANY who have a racial ATTITUDE of supremacy. Some of the videos in this play list come off to ME as being somewhat racial in the attitude in which they are presented in my own opinion.