WAS PAUL A JUDAIZING CHRISTIAN?


EDITED


WAS PAUL A JUDAIZING CHRISTIAN?



For those of you who may not know what a Judaizing Christians are, they are Christians who wrongly teach other Christians to KEEP the Law of Moses contained in ordinances. And what the Law of Moses contained in ORDINANCES means is the ceremonial laws of Moses. The ceremonial laws of Moses are the Sabbath days, the dietary laws, the ceremonial washings, the law of circumcision in the flesh made with hands, and obviously all the animal sacrifices. In other words, did the apostle Paul TEACH Christians to KEEP the LAW OF MOSES, speaking of the CEREMONIAL laws of Moses?

And the answer is an OBVIOUS NO to most Christians. But there are some Judaizing Christians that sincerely believe with all their heart that the entire Orthodox Christians world has been DECEIVED. And to THEM, Paul was indeed teaching Christians to KEEP the Law of Moses. And some of them would even offer up animal sacrifices IF there was a Temple in Jerusalem and the priesthood was restored.


But is THEIR INTERPRETATION of the scriptures SOUND?

Does the New Testament teach us that Christians must KEEP the LAW OF MOSES?


Let us begin this study in God word by reading Acts 15:24. And then we will just keep reading verse after verse with little to no comments or interpretations.


Acts 15:24.


Forasmuch as we have heard, that certain which went out from us have TROUBLED you with words, SUBVERTING your souls, saying, You must be CIRCUMCISED. AND KEEP the LAW: to whom WE gave NO such commandment:”


Galatians 4:9-11.


“But now, after that you have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn you again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto you desire again to be in bondage?

10. You observe days, and months, and times, and years.

11. I am AFRAID of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labor in VAIN.”


Galatians 5:2.


“Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if you CIRCUMCISED, Christ shall PROFIT YOU NOTHING.”


Romans 2:25.


“For circumcision verily profits, IF you keep the law: but if you be a breaker of the law, your circumcision is MADE UNCIRCUMCISION.”



James 2:10.


For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in ONE point, he is GUILTY of ALL.”


Galatians 5:3,4.


For I testify AGAIN to every man that is CIRCUMCISED, that he is a DEBTOR to DO the WHOLE.

4. Christ is become of NO effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; YOU are FALLEN from GRACE.”


Galatians 2:21.


I do not frustrate the GRACE of God: for if righteousness come by the LAW, then Christ is dead in VAIN.”


Hebrews 10:26-39.


“For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, (This means that any Christian that keeps the LAW of MOSES to be SAVED has no more sacrifice for their sins UNTIL they return to trusting in the NEW COVENANT ONLY and repent of the sin for trusting in the Law of Moses to obtained eternal life in the world to come. In other words, if you are trusting in the Law of Moses there is no more sacrifice for you IF you break even ONE point of the WHOLE Law of Moses)

27. But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries.

28. He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:

29. Of how much sorer punishment, suppose you, shall he be thought worthy, who have trodden under foot the Son of God, and has counted the blood of the COVENANT, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and have done despite unto the Spirit of GRACE? (It is an unholy thing to wrongly believe that the sacrifice of Jesus was NOT GOOD ENOUGH to save you and you have done DESPITE the Spirit of GRACE to believe the lie of the enemy to try and keep BOTH Covenants to receive eternal life in the world to come. By this you slap Jesus in the face not trusting in the BLOOD of the NEW COVENANT to save you)

30. For we know him that has said, Vengeance belongs unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.

31. It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God. (This is why Paul warned the Judaizing Christians to work out the OWN salvation with FEAR and TREMBLING for those who persist in believing that they MUST keep the Law of Moses in order to receive ETERNAL LIFE in the world to come. Please read the study “WHAT DOES REVELATION 22:14 TRULY MEAN?”)

32. But call to REMEMBRANCE the former days, in which, after you were ILLUMINATED, (Speaking of being illuminated BY the TRUTH of the GOSPEL of Jesus Christ to be saved BY GRACE through your FAITH and how) you endured a great fight of afflictions; (Or persecutions for the sake of the GOSPEL of TRUTH)

33. Partly, while you were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, while you became companions of them that were so used.

34. For you had compassion of me in my bonds, (Was Paul ever in BONDS for KEEPING the Law of Moses? Not in any translation of any Bible that I have ever read!) and took joyfully the spoiling of your goods, knowing in yourselves that you have in heaven a better and an enduring substance.

35. Cast not away, therefore, your confidence, which has a great recompense of reward.

36. For you have need of patience, that, after you have done the WILL OF God, you might receive the promise. (The WILL of Almighty God is to BELIEVE on his Son Jesus to be saved and then to OBEY the commandments that Jesus taught his disciples under the NEW COVENANT written down in the New Testament. The Law of Moses was a SCHOOLMASTER leading to Jesus the MESSIAH)

37. For yet a little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry.

38. Now the just shall live BY FAITH:(And NOT by the keeping of the Law of Moses contained in ORDINANCES) but if any man draws back, (To keep the Law of Moses. Or to go back to living in sin) my soul shall have no pleasure in him.

39. But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition;(Or unto eternal destruction in the lake of fire on the Day of Judgment) but of them that BELIEVE to the saving of the soul.”



Peter WARNED the Judaizing Jewish Christians that some of the teachings of Paul were hard to understand and receive. And that they were wrestling with the scripture to their OWN DESTRUCTION.


Please read 2 Peter 3:15-18.


“And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him has written unto you;

16. As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their OWN DESTRUCTION. (IF they continue to be teachers of the Law of Moses compelling Christians to KEEP Torah)

17. You therefore, beloved, seeing you know these things before, BEWARE lest you also, being led away with the ERROR of the wicked, (Anyone that does not obey the WILL of God is wicked) FALL from your own stedfastness.

18. BUT (Or but rather) GROW IN GRACE, and IN the KNOWLEDGE OF our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and forever. (And NOT to Moses) Amen.”


And the WILL of God is for us to OBEY the commandments of Jesus under the New Covenant written in the New Testament.


Galatians 5:7-10.


“You did run well; who did HINDER you that you should NOT obey the TRUTH?

8. This persuasion comes NOT OF HIM that calls you.

9. A little leaven leavens the whole lump.

10. I have confidence in you through the Lord, that you will be none otherwise minded: (Or that you will no longer be DECEIVED to keep the law of Moses) but he that TROUBLES you (To keep the Law of Moses) shall BEAR his JUDGMENT, whosoever he be.”


And this is WHY Paul WARNED the Jewish Judaizer Christians in the Philippian church that was contending with him over KEEPING the Law of Moses, for them to work you their OWN salvation with FEAR and TREMBLING. For if they break just ONE point of the Law of Moses then they are guilty of the whole Law of Moses and there is no more sacrifice for them under the Old Covenant. The care of the church came upon Paul so much that he finally told the Judaizing Christians to trouble him NO MORE.


Please read Galatians 6:15-17.


For IN Christ Jesus neither circumcision avails any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a NEW CREATURE.

16. And as many as walk according to THIS RULE, (Or becoming a NEW CREATURE created IN Jesus Christ BY FAITH. And that circumcision avails NOTHING) PEACE be on them, and MERCY, and (Or and MERCY YET) upon the Israel of God.

17. From henceforth let NO man TROUBLE ME: (With this matter of whether or not a Christians should be circumcised in the flesh AND keep the Law of Moses) for I bear in my body the marks of the Lord Jesus.”


Then at the very end of the book of Acts, the apostle Paul breaks off from preaching to the Jews UNLESS they came to him.


Acts 28:22-31.


“But we desire to hear of you what you think: for as concerning this sect, (Speaking of the sect of Jews that CONVERTED to Christianity) we (The UNSAVED Jews) know that everywhere it is spoken against. (By every unsaved Jew)

23. And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into his lodging; to whom he (Paul) expounded and testified the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus, both OUT OF the law of Moses, and out of the prophets, from morning till evening. (This is what we should be doing. We should be EXPLAINING the MEANING of the feast days as to WHY the Law of Moses was given to the children of Israel for THEM to keep throughout THEIR GENERATIONS in the first place)

24. And some believed the things which were spoken, and some believed not.

25. And WHEN they AGREED NOT among themselves, they departed, AFTER that Paul had spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias the prophet unto our fathers,

26. Saying, Go unto this people, and say, Hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing you shall see, and not perceive:

27. For the heart of this people is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they closed; lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.

28. Be it KNOWN therefore unto you, that the SALVATION of God is SENT unto the Gentiles, and that they will hear it.

29. And WHEN he had said these words, the Jews departed, and had great reasoning among themselves.

30. And Paul dwelt two whole years in his OWN hired house, and received ALL that CAME in UNTO HIM,

31. Preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching those things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all confidence, no man forbidding him.”



This tells me that toward the end of the ministry of Paul he stopped going into synagogues to preach the gospel to the Jews. And unless the Jews came to him Paul preached to the Gentiles only from that day forward. And NO man forbade Paul for teaching OUT of the LAW of Moses the things concerning Jesus Christ.


Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies that I gave links to throughout this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below along with all the studies that I have on this subject. Also, below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.

Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

Brother Mark.

 

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Some Christians CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's day.

Please read all the studies linked within this study and all the studies linked below. This study was just the TIP of the iceberg of exposing the ERRORS of interpretation made by the Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping churches, and the Sunday first day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians. All of the studies listed below can be sent to a brother or sister caught up in the Hebrew Roots Movement or a Sabbath-keeping church by sending them this one link “>>>WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?<<<”

Or you can pick and choose any of the links below to send to them or read for yourself. Be sure to read the HISTORICAL evidence if you have not already done so. I post the SAME historical evidence at the end of almost every study on this subject of the Sabbath day. But if you want to read it again you may see something that did not stand out before.

 

“YES CHRISTIANS MUST KEEP THE SABBATH!”

“JESUS IS LORD OF THE SABBATH!”

“MATTHEW 5:17-19 SABBATH TRUTH!”

“MATTHEW 24:20 FUTURE SABBATH KEEPING!”

“SABBATH TRUTH REMEMBER THE SABBATH!”

“REALLY ONLY NINE OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS?”

“MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE 4th COMMANDMENT?”

“SABBATH KEEPING VERSUS SUNDAY WORSHIP?”

“60 ARGUMENTS FOR THE SABBATH!”

“IS JESUS OUR SABBATH REST?”

“THE SABBATH REST IS A SIGN!”

“THE SABBATH, SUNDAY, OR NEITHER DAY?”

“WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?”

“HAS GOD'S LAW BEEN ABOLISHED? (Matthew 5:17-19)”

“IS SATURDAY THE LORD'S DAY?”

“WAS JESUS RESURRECTED ON SUNDAY?”

“JESUS WORDS ONLY! SABBATH TRUTH!”

“IS PAUL A TRUE APOSTLE OF JESUS?”

“IS THE APOSTLE PAUL A FALSE TEACHER?”

“DO PAUL'S TEACHINGS CONTRADICT JESUS?”

“MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE DIETARY LAWS?”

“ACTS 10 PETER'S VISION OF CLEANSED MEATS?”

“IS THE HEBREWS ROOT MOVEMENT BIBLICAL?”

“119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 1”

“119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 2”

“WHO ARE THE TRUE JEWS?”

“ARE BLACK AFRICANS THE TRUE HEBREWS?”

“WHAT IS THE ONE TRUE CHURCH?”

 

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Again, some Christians make the CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's Day.

Here is a NON BIAS historical account found in a letter from Pliny the Younger to Trojan concerning the Christians.

Pliny was a Roman who persecuted and killed Christians, so again this is a historical NON BIAS account of WHEN Christians gathered together.

Here is what Pliny says in his letter to Trojan. The EMPHASIS and comments in parenthesis are my own:

 

“That they were WONT (Or as they were ACCUSTOMED and USED to do, or in the HABIT of doing), on a STATED day (Or on a CERTAIN preset day), to meet together BEFORE IT WAS LIGHT, and to sing a hymn to Christ, as to a god, alternately; and to oblige themselves by a sacrament [or oath], not to do anything that was ill: but that they would commit no theft, or pilfering, or adultery; that they would not break their promises, or deny what was deposited with them, when it was required back again; after which it was their CUSTOM to depart, AND to meet AGAIN at a common but innocent meal,(So after they had worship service early morning beginning before day light, they would depart and they come back together later that same day to share a common simple meal together and most likely break bread together as other early church writers give more detail) which they had left off upon that edict which I published at your command, and wherein I had forbidden any such conventicles (Or religious meetings).”

 

Below are some quotes of early church writers that clearly teach us that the early church did NOT keep the Sabbath day, as in, on SATURDAY, the 7th day of the week, but rather the early church throughout history from it's beginning worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, which is sometimes referred to as the EIGHTH day of the week or the day AFTER the Sabbath day, or the LORD'S DAY. (The emphasis is mine in these quotes given below):

The year AD or date is given first and then the source is given at the end followed by the quote from that historical source. The Apostle John was still alive until 100 AD.

 

#1. 90 AD DIDACHE:

"Christian Assembly on the Lord's Day:

 

1. But every Lord's day do ye gather yourselves together, and break bread, and give thanksgiving after having confessed your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure.

2. But let no one that is at variance with his fellow come together with you, until they be reconciled, that your sacrifice may not be profaned.

3. For this is that which was spoken by the Lord: In every place and time offer to me a pure sacrifice; for I am a great King, saith the Lord, and my name is wonderful among the nations." (Didache: The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, Chapter XIV)

 

#2. 100 AD BARNABAS:

 

"We keep the eighth day [Sunday] with joyfulness, the day also on which Jesus rose again from the dead" (The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD 15:6-8).

 

#3. 100 AD BARNABAS:

 

Moreover, God says to the Jews, 'Your new moons and Sabbaths I cannot endure.' You see how he says, 'The present Sabbaths are not acceptable to me, but the Sabbath which I have made in which, when I have rested [heaven: Heb 4] from all things, I will make the beginning of the eighth day which is the beginning of another world.' Wherefore we Christians keep the eighth day for joy, on which also Jesus arose from the dead and when he appeared ascended into heaven. (15:8f, The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, pg. 147)

 

#4. 110 AD Pliny:

 

They were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a god, and bound themselves by a solemn oath not to (do) any wicked deeds, never to commit any fraud, theft, or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up; after which it was their custom to separate, and then reassemble to partake of good food—but food of an ordinary and innocent kind. (About three years after the death of Ignatius in 250, an important official communication was sent from one Pliny to Trojan the Roman emperor. Pliny, the Roman governor of Bithynia, wrote of the Christians who had been congregating there probably from at least A.D. 62 onwards. In this remark, it is explicitly stated that these early Christians observed the substance of most of the Ten Commandments, and it is implied that they observed all ten as far as they were able to do so. As far as they were able, for as most of the early Christians were of slave stock or from other lower classes'-, and those who had heathen masters or employers—the vast majority—would be forced to work on THEIR day of rest, which was unfortunately an official working day throughout the empires' until Constantine's "Sabbath" Edict in 321 A.D. gave them some measure of public protection. Hence one reads that after meeting "on a certain FIXED day before it was light", the first century Bithynian Christians had "to separate"—many of them having to labor for their masters and/or employers from dawn to dusk—"and then reassemble to partake of . . . food". The "certain fixed day" [stato die"'] on which the Christians met, is regarded by Seventh-day Adventists as Saturday'-. Certainly, the expression would seem to indicate a regular day of meeting, probably each week. But Sunday is FAR more likely to have been the "certain fixed day" than Saturday. For if Pliny had been referring to the old Saturday Sabbath, as a Roman he would doubtless have referred to the "later" meeting first and only then to the morning meeting on the day after the "certain fixed day", seeing that the old Saturday Sabbath was demarcated from the evening of one day to the evening of the following day. But Pliny makes no such reference. Instead, he mentions that the pre-dawn meeting took place first—and only afterward, the later meeting; and that both meetings took place on the SAME "certain fixed day". This rather points to the Roman (and—more importantly!—New Testament) midnight to midnight demarcation of modern Sunday-keepers than to the evening to evening demarcation of the Jews and the Seventh-day Adventists.) (The Covenantal Sabbath, Francis Nigel Lee, Pg 242)

 

Also, I myself will further add to the comment of the writer above that mere common sense plainly teaches us that Pliny was clearly speaking of SUNDAY because the LAW that Constantine passed was not to mandate work on SUNDAY, so that these Christians could worship God on SUNDAY. So the CLAIM by the Seventh Day Advent church that the fixed day of worship for Christians was a Saturday is FALSE. Otherwise, Constantine would have made it a law that employers allow Christians off for work on a Saturday rather than on a Sunday.

This PROVES beyond any shadow of a doubt that the Christians were ALREADY worshiping God on SUNDAY, the FIRST DAY of the week from the very beginning of the church on the day of Pentecost. The truth of the matter is that Constantine only made it easier for Christians to worship God on Sunday without being persecuted by their employers or owners by passing the EDICT making it a LAW to force heathen employers to let their employees have at least some time off from work so that they could worship God on SUNDAY.

Every Sabbath keeper will AGREE that Constantine's “SABBATH” is referring to SUNDAY as the day of the week and NOT as Saturday being the REST for Christians. Again, all that Constantine did was to pass a law making it EASIER for Christians to worship on the DAY that they had ALREADY been worshiping on since the very beginning, at the DAY of PENTECOST, which is on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week that Christian called the LORD'S day, the day our Lord rose from the grave.

Open your EYES dear child of God and read what these early church writings are teaching us about the EARLIEST believers as to which day the early church worshiped God. SUNDAY has ALWAYS been the Sabbath or the day of REST of the early church and the church throughout its entire history.

 

#5. 150 AD EPISTLE OF THE APOSTLES:

 

-I [Christ] have come into being on the eighth day which is the day of the Lord. (18)

 

#6. 150 AD JUSTIN.

 

"He then speaks of those Gentiles, namely us, who in every place offer sacrifices to Him, i.e., the bread of the Eucharist, and also the cup of the Eucharist, affirming both that we glorify His name, and that you profane [it]. The command of circumcision, again, bidding [them] always circumcise the children on the eighth day, was a type of the true circumcision, by which we are circumcised from deceit and iniquity through Him who rose from the dead on the first day AFTER the Sabbath, [namely through] our Lord Jesus Christ. For the first day after the Sabbath, remaining the first of all the days, is called, however, the eighth, according to the number of all the days of the cycle, and [yet] remains the first." (Justin, Dialogue 41:4)

 

#7. 150 AD JUSTIN:

 

...those who have persecuted and do persecute Christ, if they do not repent, shall not inherit anything on the holy mountain. But the Gentiles, who have believed on Him, and have repented of the sins which they have committed, they shall receive the inheritance along with the patriarchs and the prophets, and the just men who are descended from Jacob, even although they neither keep the Sabbath, nor are circumcised, nor observe the feasts. Assuredly they shall receive the holy inheritance of God. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 207)

 

#8. 150 AD JUSTIN:

 

But if we do not admit this, we shall be liable to fall into foolish opinion, as if it were not the same God who existed in the times of Enoch and all the rest, who neither were circumcised after the flesh, nor observed Sabbaths, nor any other rites, seeing that Moses enjoined such observances... For if there was no need of circumcision before Abraham, or of the observance of Sabbaths, of feasts and sacrifices, before Moses; no more need is there of them now, after that, according to the will of God, Jesus Christ the Son of God has been born without sin, of a virgin sprung from the stock of Abraham. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 206)

 

#9. 150 AD JUSTIN:

 

Moreover, all those righteous men already mentioned [after mentioning Adam. Abel, Enoch, Lot, Noah, Melchizedek, and Abraham], though they kept no Sabbaths, were pleasing to God; and after them Abraham with all his descendants until Moses... And you [fleshly Jews] were commanded to keep Sabbaths, that you might retain the memorial of God. For His word makes this announcement, saying, "That you may know that I am God who redeemed you." (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 204)

 

#10. 150 AD JUSTIN.

 

There is no other thing for which you blame us, my friends, is there than this? That we do not live according to the Law, nor, are we circumcised in the flesh as your forefathers, nor do we observe the Sabbath as you do. (Dialogue with Trypho 10:1. In verse 3 the Jew Trypho acknowledges that Christians 'do not keep the Sabbath.')

 

#11. 155 AD Justin Martyr:

 

"[W]e too would observe the fleshly circumcision, and the Sabbaths, and in short all the feasts, if we did not know for what REASON they were enjoined [on] you--namely, on account of your transgressions and the hardness of your heart. . . . [H]ow is it, Trypho, that we would not observe those rites which do not harm us--I speak of fleshly circumcision AND Sabbaths AND feasts? . . . God enjoined you [Jews] to keep the Sabbath and impose on you other precepts for a sign, as I have already said, on account of your unrighteousness and that of your fathers" (Dialogue with Trypho the Jew 18, 21).

 

#12. 180 AD ACTS OF PETER:

 

Paul had often contended with the Jewish teachers and had confuted them (Or refuted them completely), saying 'it is Christ on whom your fathers laid hands. He abolished their Sabbath and fasts and festivals and circumcision.' (1: I)-2

 

 

#13. 180 AD GOSPEL OF PETER:

 

Early in the morning when (the Sabbath dawned, a multitude from Jerusalem and the surrounding country came to see the scaled sepulcher. In the night in which the Lord's day dawned, while the soldiers in pairs for each watch were keeping guard, a great voice came from heaven. [There follows an account of the resurrection. Early in the morning of the Lord's day Mary Magdalene, a disciple of the Lord .... came to the sepulcher. (9:34f.; 12:50f.)

 

 

#14. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:

 

(in commenting on each of the Ten Commandments and their Christian meaning:) The seventh day is proclaimed a day of rest, PREPARING by abstention from evil FOR the Primal day, our TRUE rest. (Ibid. VII. xvi. 138.1)

 

I will add that the meaning of the word “Primal” means an “ARCHETYPAL” which means an original TYPE pointing to the TRUE. So this early church writer is saying what Paul teaches us in scripture that the things in the OLD Testament are TYPES and SHADOWS or the TRUE which was to come. Jesus became our SABBATH, and we have entered into our REST being in Jesus Christ. The SABBATH was an ARCHETYPAL pointing toward our TRUE REST which was to come being FULFILLED in the ATONEMENT of Jesus.

 

 

#15. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:

 

He does the commandment according to the Gospel and keeps the Lord's day, whenever he puts away an evil mind . . . glorifying the Lord's resurrection in himself. (Ibid. Vii.xii.76.4)

 

 

#16. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:

 

Plato prophetically speaks of the Lord's day in the tenth book of the Republic, in these words: 'And when seven days have passed to each of them in the meadow, on the eighth they must go on." (Miscellanies V.xiv.106.2)

 

 

#17. 200 AD BARDESANES:

 

Wherever we are, we are all called after the one name of Christ Christians. On one day, the first of the week, we assemble ourselves together (On Fate)

 

 

#18. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

"We solemnize the day AFTER Saturday in contradistinction to those who call this day their Sabbath" (Tertullian's Apology, Ch 16)

 

In other words, Tertullian is saying that we Christians DISTINGUISH us from the JEWS who hold Saturday as THEIR Sabbath by solemnizing or referencing the day AFTER Saturday as our day of worship and rest.

 

 

#19. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

 

It follows, accordingly, that, in so far as the abolition of carnal circumcision and of the old law is demonstrated as having been consummated at its specific times, so also the observance of the Sabbath is demonstrated to have been temporary. (An Answer to the Jews 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 155)

 

 

#20. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

 

Let him who contends that the Sabbath is still to be observed a balm of salvation, and circumcision on the eighth day because of the threat of death, teach us that in earliest times righteous men kept Sabbath or practiced circumcision, and so were made friends of God. .. ...Therefore, since God originated Adam uncircumcised, and inobservant of the Sabbath, consequently his offspring also, Abel, offering Him sacrifices, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was by Him commended... Noah also, uncircumcised - yes, and inobservant of the Sabbath - God freed from the deluge. For Enoch, too, most righteous man, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, He translated from this world... Melchizedek also, "the priest of most high God," uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was chosen to the priesthood of God. (An Answer to the Jews 2:10; 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 153)

 

 

#21. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

 

Others . . . suppose that the sun is the god of the Christians because it is well-known that we regard Sunday as a day of joy. (To the Nations 1: 133)

 

Keep in mind that this was well BEFORE Constantine SUPPOSEDLY CHANGED the day of rest and worship to Sunday as the Seventh Day Adventist church CLAIMS. But in TRUTH, Christians had ALREADY been worshiping God on Sunday, the FIRST day of the week that they also called the Lord’s Day, the day that our Lord and Savior Jesus rose from the dead.

So, as early as Tertullian in 200 AD there were groups of JEWS and Christian JEWS who ASSUMED or who SUPPOSED, or who FALSELY ACCUSED Christians of worshiping God on SUNDAY that they were worshiping a sun god and not the true God.

 

 

#22. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

 

To us Sabbaths are foreign. (On Idolatry, 14:6)4

 

 

#23. 220 AD ORIGEN:

 

"On Sunday none of the actions of the world should be done. If then, you abstain from all the works of this world and keep yourselves free for spiritual things, go to church, listen to the readings and divine homilies, meditate on heavenly things. (Homil. 23 in Numeros 4, PG 12:749)

 

 

#24. 220 AD Origen:

 

"Hence it is not possible that the [day of] rest after the Sabbath should have come into existence from the seventh [day] of our God. On the contrary, it is our Savior who, after the pattern of his own rest, caused us to be made in the likeness of his death, and hence also of his resurrection" (Commentary on John 2:28).

 

 

#25. 225 AD The Didascalia:

 

"The apostles further appointed: On the first day of the week let there be service, and the reading of the Holy Scriptures, and the oblation, because on the first day of the week our Lord rose from the place of the dead, and on the first day of the week he arose upon the world, and on the first day of the week he ascended up to heaven, and on the first day of the week he will appear at last with the angels of heaven" (Didascalia 2).

 

And I add further that the church BEGAN on the day of Pentecost, on a SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week. The early church evidence and the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible, make it quite clear that the early church worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, called the LORD'S day and that they did NOT KEEP the Sabbath day as the JEWS.

 

 

#26. 250 AD CYPRIAN:

 

The eight day, that is, the first day after the Sabbath, and the Lord's Day." (Epistle 58, Sec 4)

 

 

#27. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

 

"If, therefore, those who were brought up in the ancient order of things have come to the possession of a new hope, no longer observing the Sabbath, but living in the observance of the Lord's Day, on which also our life has sprung up again by Him and by His death-whom some deny, by which mystery we have obtained faith, and therefore endure, that we may be found the disciples of Jesus Christ, our only Master-how shall we be able to live apart from Him, whose disciples the prophets themselves in the Spirit did wait for Him as their Teacher? And therefore He whom they rightly waited for, being come, raised them from the dead. If, then, those who were conversant with the ancient Scriptures came to newness of hope, expecting the coming of Christ, as the Lord teaches us when He says, "If ye had believed Moses, ye would have believed Me, for he wrote of Me; " and again, "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad; for before Abraham was, I am; " how shall we be able to live without Him? The prophets were His servants, and foresaw Him by the Spirit, and waited for Him as their Teacher, and expected Him as their Lord and Saviour, saying, "He will come and save us." Let us therefore NO longer keep the Sabbath after the Jewish manner, and rejoice in days of idleness; for "he that does not work, let him not eat." For say the [holy] oracles, "In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat thy bread." But let every one of you keep the Sabbath after a spiritual manner, rejoicing in meditation on the law, NOT in relaxation of the body, admiring the workmanship of God, and not eating things prepared the day before, nor using lukewarm drinks, and walking within a prescribed space, nor finding delight in dancing and plaudits which have no sense in them. And after the observance of the Sabbath, let every friend of Christ keep the Lord's Day as a festival, the resurrection-day, the queen and chief of all the days [of the week]. Looking forward to this, the prophet declared, "To the end, for the eighth day," on which our life both sprang up again, and the victory over death was obtained in Christ, whom the children of perdition, the enemies of the Saviour, deny, "whose god is their belly, who mind earthly things," who are "lovers of pleasure, and not lovers of God, having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof." These make merchandise of Christ, corrupting His word, and giving up Jesus to sale: they are corrupters of women, and covetous of other men's possessions, swallowing up wealth insatiably; from whom may ye be delivered by the mercy of God through our Lord Jesus Christ! (Epistle of Ignatius to the Magnesians, Chapter IX)

 

 

#28. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

 

"On the day of the preparation, then, at the third hour, He received the sentence from Pilate, the Father permitting that to happen; at the sixth hour He was crucified; at the ninth hour He gave up the ghost; and before sunset He was buried. During the Sabbath He continued under the earth in the tomb in which Joseph of Arimathaea had laid Him. At the dawning of the Lord's day He arose from the dead, according to what was spoken by Himself, "As Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of man also be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. "The day of the preparation, then, comprises the passion; the Sabbath embraces the burial; the Lord's Day contains the resurrection." (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians, chapter 9)

 

 

#29. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

 

If anyone fasts on the Lord's Day or on the Sabbath, except on the paschal Sabbath only, he is a murderer of Christ. (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Philippians, chapter 8)

 

 

#30. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

 

"This [custom], of not bending the knee upon Sunday, is a symbol of the resurrection, through which we have been set free, by the grace of Christ, from sins, and from death, which has been put to death under Him. Now this custom took its rise from apostolic times, as the blessed Irenaeus, the martyr and bishop of Lyons, declares in his treatise On Easter, in which he makes mention of Pentecost also; upon which [feast] we do not bend the knee, because it is of equal significance with the Lord's day, for the reason already alleged concerning it." (Ignatius, Fragments)

 

 

#31. 300 AD Victorinus:

 

"The sixth day [Friday] is called parasceve, that is to say, the preparation of the kingdom. . . . On this day also, on account of the passion of the Lord Jesus Christ, we make either a station to God or a fast. On the seventh day, he rested from all his works, and blessed it, and sanctified it. On the former day, we are accustomed to fast rigorously, that on the Lord's day we may go forth to our bread with giving of thanks. And let the parasceve become a rigorous fast, lest we should APPEAR to observe ANY Sabbath with the Jews . . . which Sabbath he [Christ] in his body ABOLISHED" (The Creation of the World).

 

 

#32. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:

 

"They did not, therefore, regard circumcision, NOR observe the Sabbath NEITHER do we; ... because such things as these do NOT belong to Christians" (Ecc. Hist., Book 1, Ch. 4)

 

 

#33. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:

 

[The Ebionites] were accustomed to observe the Sabbath and other Jewish customs but on the Lord's days to celebrate the same practices as we in remembrance of the resurrection of the Savior. (Church History Ill.xxvii.5)

 

 

I will also add that the Ebionites were Christians who were seduced by the Jews to keep the Jewish customs. In other words, the Ebionites were Judaized Christians. The Ebionites also taught the need to be circumcised in the flesh in order to be saved. Some today would not even consider Ebionites as being true Christians since they went back to trusting the Law of Moses to be saved.

 

 

#34. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:

 

"They [the pre- Mosaic saints of the Old Testament] did not care about circumcision of the body, neither do we [Christians]. They did not care about observing Sabbaths, nor do we. They did not avoid certain kinds of food, neither did they regard the other distinctions which Moses first delivered to their posterity to be observed as symbols; nor do Christians of the present day do such things" (Church History 1:4:8).

 

#35. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:

 

"The day of his [Christ's] light . . . was the day of his resurrection from the dead, which they say, as being the one and only truly holy day and the Lord's day, is better than any number of days as we ordinarily understand them, and better than the days set apart by the Mosaic Law for feasts, new moons, and Sabbaths, which the Apostle [Paul] teaches are the shadow of days and not days in reality" (Proof of the Gospel 4:16:186).

 

 

#36. 345 AD Athanasius:

 

"The Sabbath was the end of the first creation, the Lord's day was the beginning of the second, in which he renewed and restored the old in the same way as he prescribed that they should formerly observe the Sabbath as a memorial of the end of the first things, so we honor the Lord's day as being the memorial of the new creation" (On Sabbath and Circumcision 3).

 

 

#37. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:

 

Be not careless of yourselves, neither deprive your Saviour of His own members, neither divide His body nor disperse His members, neither prefer the occasions of this life to the word of God; but assemble yourselves together every day, morning and evening, singing psalms and praying in the Lord's house: in the morning saying the sixty-second Psalm, and in the evening the hundred and fortieth, but principally on the Sabbath-day. And on the day of our Lord's resurrection, which is the Lord's day, meet more diligently, sending praise to God that made the universe by Jesus, and sent Him to us, and condescended to let Him suffer, and raised Him from the dead. Otherwise what apology will he make to God who does not assemble on that day to hear the saving word concerning the resurrection, on which we pray thrice standing in memory of Him who arose in three days, in which is performed the reading of the prophets, the preaching of the Gospel, the oblation of the sacrifice, the gift of the holy food? (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 2)

 

 

#38. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:

 

"How We Ought to Assemble Together and to Celebrate the Festival Day of Our Saviour's Resurrection. On the day of the resurrection of the Lord, that is, the Lord's day, assemble yourselves together, without fail, giving thanks to God, and praising Him for those mercies God has bestowed upon you through Christ and has delivered you from ignorance, error, and bondage, that your sacrifice may be unspotted, and acceptable to God,..." (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 7)

 

 

#39. 350 AD Cyril of Jerusalem:

 

"Fall NOT AWAY either into the sect of the Samaritans or into Judaism, for Jesus Christ has henceforth ransomed you. Stand aloof from ALL observance of Sabbaths and from calling any indifferent meats common or unclean" (Catechetical Lectures 4:37).

 

 

#40. 360 AD Council of Laodicea:

 

"Christians should NOT Judaize and should NOT be idle on the Sabbath, but should work on that day; they should, however, particularly reverence the Lord's day and, if possible, not work on it, because they were Christians" (canon 29).

 

 

#41. 387 AD John Chrysostom:

 

"You have put on Christ, you have become a member of the Lord and been enrolled in the heavenly city, and you still grovel in the Law [of Moses]? How is it possible for you to obtain the kingdom? Listen to Paul's words, that the observance of the Law overthrows the gospel, and learn, if you will, how this comes to pass, and tremble, and shun this pitfall. Why do you keep the Sabbath and fast with the Jews?" (Homilies on Galatians 2:17).

 

#42. 412 AD Augustine:

 

"Well, now, I should like to be told what there is in these Ten Commandments, except the observance of the Sabbath, which ought NOT to be kept by a Christian . . . Which of these commandments would anyone say that the Christian ought not to keep? It is possible to contend that it is not the Law which was written on those two tables that the apostle [Paul] describes as 'the letter that kills' [2 Cor. 3:6], but the law of circumcision and the other sacred rites which are now abolished" (The Spirit and the Letter 24).

 

#43. 597 AD Gregory I:

 

"But after that, the grace of Almighty God, our Lord Jesus Christ, has appeared, the commandments of the Law which were spoken figuratively cannot be kept according to the letter. For if anyone says that this about the Sabbath is to be kept, he must need to say that carnal sacrifices are to be offered. He must say too that the commandment about the circumcision of the body is still to be retained. But let him hear the apostle Paul saying in opposition to him: 'If you be circumcised, Christ will profit you nothing' (Gal. 5:2)" (Letters 13:1).

 

 

Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies I gave links to at the beginning of this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below. Also below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.

 

Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

Brother Mark.

        

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