WHAT DAY WAS JESUS CRUCIFIED?
WAS JESUS CRUCIFIED
Some teach that Jesus was crucified on Good Friday, was laid in the tomb just before sunset at the start of the weekly Jewish sabbath day on a Saturday and then was raised from the dead on Sunday just before sunrise.
Others teach that a Friday resurrection is not possible because Jesus needed to be in the heart of the earth for three full days and three full nights.
And there are even a few who teach that Jesus was crucified on a Thursday and was laid in the tomb just before sunset of the high sabbath day, the first day of unleavened bread and was raised from the dead on Sunday just before sunrise.
We will take a look at these three possible days that Jesus was crucified as we continue this study in God's word. But before we get into the actual DAY of the WEEK that Jesus was crucified, let us take a look at some Biblical facts that we do know straight from the Bible with no interpretation needed.
Fact #1. Most every Christian knows that Jesus is our PASSOVER LAMB that was SLAIN from the foundation of the world for our sins. And we know that Jesus was crucified on the 14th day in the FIRST month of the Jewish year called Nissan on the Feast of Passover. The month of Nissan on the Jewish calender is the month of ABIB when God delivered his people Israel from Egypt.
1 Corinthians 5:7 teaches us that Jesus is OUR PASSOVER that was offer for the sins of the world.
And in Revelation 13:8 we learn that Almighty God had in his mind or PLAN of salvation to slay his OWN LAMB form before the foundation of the world.
The in John 1:29-36 we again read that Jesus is LAMB of God who was SLAIN for the sins of the world.
33. And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom you shall see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizes with the Holy Ghost.
Then in Leviticus 23:5 we read that the LORD'S PASSOVER in observed on the 14th day of the FIRST month according to the Jewish calender.
In Exodus 12:1-14 we read about the very first Passover lamb that was KILLED on the FOURTEENTH DAY which BECAME the FIRST month of the year for God's people Israel from that time on to this present day.
4. And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.
12. For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.
13. And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.
In Deuteronomy 16:1 we learn that the first month was called ABIB.
In 2 Chronicles 35:1 we read where they kept the feast of the Passover in JERUSALEM every year on the 14th day of the FIRST month. We also see again that the Passover LAMB was KILLED in the evening on the 14th day of the first month.
So then, we know for sure that Jesus was KILLED or CRUCIFIED on the 14th day of the FIRST month called ABIB or Nissan on the Jewish calender.
#2. We also
know that Jesus was crucified on a day BEFORE a SABBATH day. Now most
Christians know that Saturday the SEVENTH day of the week is a sabbath day
that was kept by the Jews under the first covenant found in the Old
Testament. This is called the WEEKLY sabbath day.
This is most likely the reason why the Catholic church picked a FRIDAY to observe the DAY of the week that Jesus was crucified and called it Good Friday, because obviously Friday is the day before Saturday which is the WEEKLY sabbath day observed by the Jews. We will cover the church history of Good Friday momentarily after we take a look at the FACTS, which we can clearly and plainly see from the Bible without any need for interpretation.
Please read Mark 15:37-47, which clearly and plainly teaches us that Jesus was CRUCIFIED, DIED, and was BURIED on a day BEFORE a SABBATH day.
But the question is was this day BEFORE the SABBATH day a FRIDAY? In other words, was this SABBATH day the WEEKLY sabbath day, which is a Saturday?
Or was this particular sabbath day the YEARLY FEAST day called PASSOVER in which the FIRST day of unleavened bread was observed as a SABBATH day?
Let us closely examine what the clear, plain, and simple word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible, has to say about this PARTICULAR sabbath day. Please read Matthew 28:1-5, which clearly teaches us that the Jews did NOT want to have Jesus killed on the FEAST DAY.
"And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples,
Please notice that the word of truth does NOT say, "...Not ON the SABBATH day...", but rather SPECIFICALLY points out to us that this PARTICULAR sabbath day was the ANNUAL FEAST day, the 15th of Nissan, the first day of unleavened bread, the FEAST of PASSOVER where the sacrificial LAMB was KILLED on the day of PREPARATION the 14th of Nissan by saying,
"4. And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtilty, and KILL him.
5. But they said, Not ON the FEAST day, lest there be an uproar among the people."
Please understand that the feast of Passover and the 7day feast of unleavened bread are used interchangeably. Also know that the ANNUAL feast days, that were also SABBATH days as well, were called HIGH holy days, which took precedence over the weekly sabbath days. And in John 19:31 we read were this particular SABBATH day that the Jews did NOT want Jesus to be crucified upon was called a HIGH day.
"The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation (the day BEFORE the sabbath day), that the bodies should NOT remain upon the cross ON the SABBATH day, (for THAT SABBATH day was an HIGH DAY,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away."
Clearly! The plain simple word of God is spelling out for us that this particular SABBATH day was NOT the WEEKLY sabbath day.
Now I myself came to the conclusion long before I ever studied this controversy on Jesus being crucified on Good Friday that it was impossible for Jesus to have died on Friday as be raised from the dead on Sunday right before sunrise, because there were NOT THREE DAYS and THREE NIGHTS from Friday evening to Sunday morning.
But those who do NOT want to let go of church TRADITION try to squeeze three days in between Friday evening and Sunday morning by using a Hebrew or Jewish IDIOM, which states that any portion or part of a single day may be deemed as a whole day. In other words, the remaining part of FRIDAY evening though it was only an hour or so could be counted as a WHOLE day according to this Jewish IDIOM. Therefore those who teach that Jesus was crucified on a FRIDAY conclude that the last part of Friday was ONE day, then Saturday was the SECOND day, and the first part of Sunday before sunrise was the THIRD day.
So then, let us EXAMINE this teaching of the Jewish IDIOM to see if it is a SOUND BIBLICAL teaching in this PARTICULAR passage of scripture.
Now IF Jesus had just said in Matthew 12:40 "I will be THREE DAYS in the heart of the earth.", then this IDIOM may apply.
However, Jesus did NOT just merely say three DAYS, but rather Jesus clearly and plainly spelled out to us very SPECIFICALLY that he would be three DAYS, AND three NIGHTS in the heart of the earth as a SIGN.
You see, Matthew 12:38-40 not only specifically states that Jesus would be in the heart of the earth three days AND three nights, but also said that it would be a SIGN as proof that he is the Messiah. And surely Jesus would FULFILL this most important SIGN to the letter of his very own spoken word.
39. But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a SIGN; and there shall no sign be given to it, BUT the SIGN of the prophet Jonas:
And the ONLY way you can get three FULL days AND three FULL nights where Jesus was in the heart of the earth AND to be resurrected on Sunday the FIRST day of the week is for Jesus to have been CRUCIFIED on a WEDNESDAY.
You may be able to twist the meaning of the clear word of God and squeeze in three DAYS between Friday evening and Sunday morning using the Jewish IDIOM that is found nowhere in the Bible, but you CANNOT get three NIGHTS no matter how hard you try.
The SAME is true with a THURSDAY crucifixion, because the Jewish IDIOM says a part of any day counts as a full DAY. But this idiom says nothing about part of a NIGHT counting as a full NIGHT. And Jesus himself plainly stated as a sign that he would be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.
Now you can twist the clear word of God if you desire, but as for ME, I am going with the interpretation of the CLEAR, PLAIN, and SIMPLE word of truth, which teaches us that Jesus was in the heart of the earth THREE FULL DAYS AND THREE FULL NIGHTS as a SIGN. And the ONLY way that I myself see to meet ALL the evidence of the whole word of God is for Jesus to have been crucified on a WEDNESDAY.
But again there are some who teach a FRIDAY crucifixion argue that IF the WEDNESDAY crucifixion were correct, then WHY would Mary Magdalene and the other women WAIT all the way till SUNDAY to anoint the body of Jesus, when they could have just as easily taken the spices and anointed his body on FRIDAY, which was NOT a sabbath day? And they use Luke 23:50-56 to try and prove that the SABBATH day that the Jews did NOT want Jesus to be crucified upon nor REMAIN on the cross was the WEEKLY sabbath, because this passage of scripture says that they rested on the sabbath ACCORDING to the COMMANDMENT.
for ME, this is NOT proof leaving absolutely no doubt that this
sabbath that they rested according to the commandment was the WEEKLY
sabbath, because God also COMMANDED his people Israel to rest on the
ANNUAL FEAST day SABBATH as well. However I do believe that these women prepare the spices on FRIDAY after the YEARLY sabbath that occurred on Thursday that particular year and then they rested on Saturday the weekly sabbath before going to the tomb to anoint the body of Jesus early on Sunday morning before dawn while it was yet dark.
In other words, we have two possibilities. They either returned from the tomb after Jesus was taken down from the cross and laid in the tomb and prepared spices that very same evening before sundown resting on BOTH the ANNUAL sabbath and the weekly sabbath without doing anything on that Friday between the TWO sabbath days before going to the tomb early on Sunday morning before sunrise.
Or they returned from the tomb and rested on the ANNUAL feast day sabbath, then they prepared the spices on Friday, which was not a sabbath and then they rested again on the weekly sabbath before going back to the tomb early Sunday morning before dawn.
Again those who teach a Good Friday crucifixion say that it makes no sense that these women would WAIT all the way to Sunday when they could just as easily went to the tomb on FRIDAY to anoint the body of Jesus with the spices they had prepared.
But again, to ME, this argument given by those who do not want to give up the church TRADITION of a Good Friday crucifixion does not prove without any shadow for a doubt that the SABBATH that the Jews did NOT want Jesus to be crucified upon nor remain on the cross was the WEEKLY sabbath, because if you remember the tomb was GUARDED for three days and nights by Roman soldiers who had SEALED the tomb, which would PREVENT any one from anointing the body of Jesus UNTIL AFTER the three days and three nights had past.
Also some scholars say that after the ninth hour on the day of preparation nothing can be bought or sold. So unless these women already had all the spices they needed they could not have went straight home to prepare the spices. In other words, they would have needed to WAIT until FRIDAY to buy the spices they needed. Also we do not know for sure how LONG it took to prepare the spices. So then, another question arises, was there enough time that evening from the time they left the tomb and returned home to prepare the spices before sunset? The Greek word that is translated as returned also means returned back AGAIN. With this meaning it can easily be see that they may have tried to go to anoint the body of Jesus on Friday, but had to return AGAIN, because the tomb was sealed.
A dear brother in the Lord wrote to me asking me if I knew about Mark 16:1 where we are told that the women BOUGHT spices AFTER the sabbath had PAST. I must confess and say NO, and that I did not properly understand this verse. The reason being is that I somehow has always read the word BOUGHT and in PURCHASED as being BROUGHT as in they were BRINGING the spices that they had already prepared to the tomb after the weekly sabbath. I want to thank you brother for bring this verse to my attention. Now I know from the word of God what I already knew in my heart and could not explain very well. Please read Mark 16:1, which does indeed clearly teach us that these women came back from the tomb Wednesday evening, then rested on the ANNUAL sabbath. Then Mark 1:16 picks up where the went out on Thursday and BOUGHT or PURCHASED some spices and RETURNED home to prepare the spices and then rested again on the WEEKLY sabbath.
"And when the sabbath was past , Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him."
Then verse 2 tells us that after they rested on the weekly sabbath that they went to the tomb very early in the morning before sunrise to anoint the body of Jesus, but when they got to the tomb they discover that Jesus had already risen from the dead like he said he would. For me, there is overwhelming evidence from the word of God that clearly teaches us of a WEDNESDAY crucifixion.
However, some wanting to hold on to church TRADITION argue that the day of PREPARATION was the day before the WEEKLY sabbath so therefore Jesus had to have been crucified on a FRIDAY.
Now the day before the weekly sabbath may have been the day that the Jew "PREPARED" for their weekly sabbath, but the clear, plain, word of God teaches us in Mark 15:42-47 that the day that Jesus was CRUCIFIED, which was the day before the FEAST of the PASSOVER was actually called the day of PREPARATION by name.
My point is that the ANNUAL SABBATH day is actually called by name the day of PREPARATION, but nowhere in the Bible is the weekly sabbath specifically called by name the day of "PREPARATION". In other words, the ONLY day that is specifically called by NAME the day of PREPARATION in the word of truth, the Holy Bible, is the day before the ANNUAL PASSOVER FEAST, the day BEFORE the FIRST day of unleavened bread, which was a HIGH SABBATH day.
Please remember that the word of TRUTH specifically points out to us that Jesus was killed ON the FEAST day of PASSOVER on the day of PREPARATION the day BEFORE the SABBATH, which was a HIGH day meaning the ANNUAL sabbath day and NOT the weekly sabbath. Please read again Matthew 28:1-5, which clearly teaches us that the Jews did NOT want to have Jesus killed on the FEAST DAY.
"And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples,
Please notice that the word of truth does NOT say, "Not ON the SABBATH day", but rather SPECIFICALLY points out to us that this PARTICULAR sabbath day was the ANNUAL FEAST day, the 15th of Nissan, the first day of unleavened bread, the FEAST of PASSOVER where the sacrificial LAMB was KILLED on the day of PREPARATION the 14th of Nissan by saying,
"4. And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtilty, and KILL him.
5. But they said, Not ON the FEAST day, lest there be an uproar among the people."
And we also know from John 19:31 that this ANNUAL SABBATH FEAST day was called a HIGH day, which distinctly distinguished this particular HIGH SABBATH from the weekly sabbath.
"The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for THAT SABBATH was a HIGH DAY) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away."
In other words, THAT
particular SABBATH day called a HIGH DAY was the FEAST of the first
day of unleavened bread and NOT the weekly sabbath as some FALSELY
teach by demanding that Jesus was crucified on Good Friday the day before the WEEKLY sabbath.
Again this is not a matter of salvation to what day of the week you believe that Jesus was crucified upon. The reason that I wrote this study was for those who were troubled with the three days and three nights fitting in between Friday and Sunday morning. I do want to WARN my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ that there are those who falsely teach that Jesus rose from the grave on Saturday who do dogmatically teach that if you do not believe that Jesus was crucified on a WEDNESDAY and rose from the grave on SATURDAY the SABBATH day, then you are NOT SAVED.
NOT be troubled by this FALSE teaching that you must without fail
keep the sabbath day and if you do not then you are deliberately
sinning against God and therefore you are NOT SAVED. If you are
questioning your faith, because of this false teaching that a
Christian must keep ALL the law of God contained in some 613 carnal
ordinances written to the people of Israel under the first covenant,
then please read the studies given at the end of this study to become
thoroughly rooted and grounded in the word of TRUTH. But for now let us continue this study in God's word by taking a look at church HISTORY to learn how and when the tradition of a Good Friday crucifixion began.
Fact #3. The church HISTORY.
Let us now take a close look at the church history to learn HOW and WHEN it came to be that the Catholic church establish FRIDAY as the day of the week that Jesus was CRUCIFIED.
From the research that I have done I have come to discover that Good Friday is a fast day created by the Roman Catholic Church in the 4th century A.D., which was some 350 years after the death and resurrection of Jesus. The purpose of Good Friday according to the Catholic church history is to commemorate the crucifixion and death of Jesus.
Here is the following explanation given by the Catholic Church itself:
"Good Friday is the English designation of Friday in Holy Week -- that is, the Friday on which the Church keeps the anniversary of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
"From the earliest times the Christians kept every Friday as a feast day; and the obvious reasons for those usages explain why Easter is the Sunday par excellence, and why the Friday which marks the anniversary of Christ's death came to be called the Great or the Holy or the Good Friday. The origin of the term Good is not clear. Some say it is from "God's Friday" (Gottes Freitag); others maintain that it is from the German Gute Freitag, and not specially English." (The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VI, 1909)
Here is another source which clarifies why the Catholics called for a Good Friday fast. This source also shows how someone might observe Good Friday, and what time of day the death of Jesus is actually celebrated:
"The Catholic Church treats Good Friday as a fast day, which in the Latin Rite of the Church is understood as having only one full meal (but smaller than a regular meal) and two collations (a smaller repast, two of which together do not equal one full meal) and on which the faithful abstain from eating meat. In countries where Good Friday is not a day of rest from work, the afternoon liturgical service is usually put off until a few hours after the recommended time of 3 p.m.
"The Celebration of the Passion of the Lord takes place in the afternoon, ideally at three o'clock, but for pastoral reasons a later hour may be chosen. The vestments used (by Roman Catholic priests) are red (more commonly) or black (more traditionally)." (Wikipedia, article 'Good Friday')
Again according to Catholic dogma and tradition, which has widely been carried over into the Protestant churches as well, states that Jesus was killed on Friday and resurrected Sunday morning.
Here is a quote I found in my research which states that the first SCIENTIST to calculate the year and day for the crucifixion of Jesus was Sir Isaac Newton:
"Isaac Newton was one of the first scientists to estimate the date of the crucifixion by calculating the relative visibility of the crescent of the new moon between the Hebrew and Julian calendars. Newton suggested the date as Friday, April 23 AD 34. Writing in the Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1991, John Pratt argued that Newton’s reasoning was effectively sound, but included a minor error at the end. Pratt suggested the year 33 AD as the accurate answer. Using similar computations, in 1990 astronomer Bradley Schaefer arrived at the same date, Friday, April 3 33 AD. Thus it can be concluded that Newton’s argument favors the April 3 33 AD date. Somewhat earlier than Pratt, in a 1983 article in the journal Nature, Humphreys and Waddington of Oxford University also confirmed Friday April 3 33 AD as the date of the Crucifixion. This date was further confirmed in 2003. Using a computer program, astronomers Liviu Mircea and Tiberiu Oproiu again estimated that Jesus died at 3 pm on Friday, April 3, 33 AD, and rose on Sunday, April 5, dates that agree with Schaefer. Another computer calculation suggests somewhat different dates."
This scientific calculation which was done by the famous scientist Sir Isaac Newton AGREE with the computer calculations for the Hebrew calendar that I used to find Nissan 14 for the ten years of the reign of Pontius Pilate, which are from 26 AD to 36 AD.
Please see the study "WHAT YEAR WAS JESUS CRUCIFIED?" for a deeper understanding of why 31 AD is the most likely year that Jesus was crucified and resurrected from the dead. And for even more compelling evidence that Jesus was crucified on WEDNESDAY April 25th in the year 31 AD please read the study called "WAS JESUS BORN ON DECEMBER 25th?", but for now let us continue this study in God's word by looking at the secular HISTORY surrounding the crucifixion of Jesus.
However, Sir Isaac Newton, did not consider any other year before the year 31 AD. Sir Isaac Newton only considered the years 31 AD through 36 AD and did make a very compelling case for why he believed that Christ was crucified in A.D. 34. Here is a first person narrative of Sir Isaac Newton:
I take it for granted that the passion was on Friday the 14th day of the month Nisan, the great feast of the Passover on Saturday the 15th of Nisan,3 and the resurrection on the day following. Now the 14th day of Nisan always fell on the full moon next after the vernal equinox; and the month began on the new moon before, not at the true conjunction, but at the first appearance of the new moon: . . . Computing, therefore, the new moons of the first month according to the course of the moon . . . and thence counting 14 days, I find that the fourteenth day of this month in the year of Christ 31 fell on Tuesday March 27; in the year 32, on Sunday, April 13; in the year 33, on Friday April 3 . . . .
The 14th day of Nisan will fall in the year of Christ 31, on Wednesday, March 28; in the year 32, on Monday, April 14; in the year 33, on Friday, April 3; in the year 34, on Friday, April 23; in the year 35, on Wednesday, April 13 . . . By this comparison therefore the year 32 is absolutely excluded, because the Passion cannot fall on Friday without making it five days after the full moon, or the next day. For the same reason the years 31 and 35 are excluded, because in them the Passion cannot fall on Friday, without making it three days after the full moon, or four days before it: errors so enormous, that they would be very conspicuous in the heavens to every vulgar eye. . . . Thus, all the characters of the Passion agree to the year 34; and that is the only year to which they all agree.
Now you must keep in mind that Newton did not have all the resources that we have today. He did seem to know the basics of how the Jewish calendar worked, but because he was influenced by the teaching of the Catholic church that Jesus was crucified on a Friday he therefore looked only for the possible years that Jesus was crucified on a Friday.
Therefore even though this very famous scientist Sir Isaac Newton calculated that the Passover to fall on WEDNESDAY, March 28 in A.D. 31, he eliminated it as the year in which Christ was crucified. Please notice that Newton actually gave two dates for Nisan 14 in A.D. 31: Tuesday, March 27, and Wednesday, March 28. This is because he believed that the Jews counted their days from sunset to sunset.
Now because of this early date it appears that Newton was unaware was that the Jewish New Year was tied to the barley harvest and not the vernal equinox. Consequently, no Passover ever fell in March.
In other words, the first sliver of the visible new moon AFTER the harvest was ready in the year 31 AD appeared the evening of Wednesday, April 11, making Nisan 1 fall on Thursday, April 12, which would make Nisan 14 fall on WEDNESDAY, April 25, in the year 31 AD.
We also have some compelling evidence given to us by so Astronomers who confirm that there was a full moon on Nissan 14 on the Jewish calender which corresponds to Wednesday, April 25th, 31 AD on the Gregorian calender. The Astronomer Karl Schoch when trying to calculate the year that Jesus was crucified wrote the following:
I now come to the year 31 A.D. when the new moon for the Nisan new light came on April 10, 2:10 in the afternoon, Jerusalem. After 28 hours, on the eve of April 11, at this time of the year, every new light is quite easily seen in Jerusalem
However, Karl Schoch’s very accurate calculations of the visible new moon in the year 31 AD being on April 10th consequently led him to reject the year 31 AD as the year of Christ’s crucifixion, because just like Newton he also was swayed by TRADITIONAL teaching of the Catholic church and therefore tried to force a Friday crucifixion.
I bring these scientific calculations of these famous scientist to your attention, because these scientific calculation,which were done by the famous scientist Sir Isaac Newton and the Astronomer Karl Schoch AGREE with the computer calculations for the Hebrew calendar that I used to find Nissan 14 for the ten years of the reign of Pontius Pilate, which are from 26 AD to 36 AD.
Again please see the study "WHAT YEAR WAS JESUS CRUCIFIED?" for a deeper understanding of why 31 AD is the most likely year that Jesus was crucified and resurrected from the dead. Here is the link to the Hebrew calendar that I used in the above study. Please notice that both March 14th and April 25 fall on a WEDNESDAY the ONLY day of the week that fits ALL the BIBLICAL evidence for the day of the week where upon our Lord and savior Jesus Christ was crucified.
Now while most people ASSUME that Jesus was crucified on a Friday and rose before sunrise on a Sunday morning, those who have “done the math”, so to speak, have come to realize that a Friday crucifixion simple does not add up to three FULL days and three FULL nights for Jesus to have been in the heart of the earth as he plainly told us he would be and then AFTER three days and three nights he would arise from the dead.
It also has been the TRADITION of the Catholic church to observe what they call Holy Thursday, where some Catholic Christians celebrate the mass and have communion in remembrance of the Lord's last supper. Now although “the last supper” is often observed on a Thursday by the Catholic church and some Protestant churches, most Christians do not seem to realize that even certain Greco-Roman sources taught that Jesus observed the Passover on a Tuesday, which is the THIRD day of the week. Please consider following which written around the late second century to the early third century. The emphasis is mine.
For when we had eaten the passover on the THIRD day of the week at even, we went forth to the Mount of Olives; and in the night they seized our Lord Jesus. And the next day, which was the FOURTH of the week, He remained in ward in the house of Caiaphas the high priest. And on the same day the chiefs of the people were assembled and took counsel against Him.
Now the FOURTH day of the week is a WEDNESDAY the day our Lord was delivered to Pontius Pilate by the counsel of high priest to be crucified.
Also in the third century, a Catholic bishop known as saint Victorinus wrote:
Now is manifested the reason of the truth why the fourth day is called the Tetras, why we fast even to the ninth hour, or even to the evening, or why there should be a passing over even to the next day…
The man Christ Jesus, the originator of these things whereof we have above spoken, was taken prisoner by wicked hands, by a quaternion of soldiers. Therefore on account of His captivity by a quaternion, on account of the majesty of His works,–that the seasons also, wholesome to humanity, joyful for the harvests, tranquil for the tempests, may roll on,–therefore we make the fourth day a station or a supernumerary fast (Victorinus. On the Creation of the World. Excerpted from Ante-Nicene Fathers, Volume 7. Edited by Alexander Roberts & James Donaldson. American Edition, 1886. Online Edition Copyright © 2004 by K. Knight).
Again Wednesday is the FOURTH day of the week. The word "TETRAS" is a Latin word that means FOUR in which this Catholic bishop says that they fasted at the ninth hour, which is 3:00 pm. The first hour of the Jewish day is 6:00 am, so then the ninth hour would be 3 pm in the afternoon. This is the time that the bible teaches us that Jesus actually died. Victorinus is clearly showing us that Jesus was arrested on Wednesday.
Here is the BIBLICAL chronology of the passion week from the time that Jesus ate the Lord's supper to the time he was resurrected from the dead.
Tuesday evening on April 23 or Nissan 13, which would actually be considered Wednesday at SUNSET by the Hebrew calender, Jesus and his disciples ate the Lord's supper. In other words, Jesus sent his disciples to prepare the LORD'S SUPPER during the daytime on the THIRD day of the week, which was Tuesday, Nissan 13, then that same EVENING, which would be the START of the NEXT day Wednesday, Nissan 14 they ate the LORD'S SUPPER. Please read Matthew 26:17-20; Mark 14:12-17, and Luke 22:7-14.
Then later that same evening all the way through the night, which again would now be considered the next day, Wednesday Nissan 14, because the Hebrew calender starts the new day in the EVENING at SUNSET, they ate the Lord's supper. Then after they ate the Lord's supper Judas left to betray Jesus while Jesus prayed in the garden of Gethsemane, then the counsel of the high came to arrest Jesus where Judas betrayed Jesus with a kiss Also that same night being a Tuesday night by our calender, but on the Jewish calender it was considered Nissan 14, which would be Wednesday April 25th on our calender, Peter denied the Lord three times before the cock crowed the next morning. Please read Matthew 27:21-75, Mark 14:18-72 and Luke 22:15-71.
Wednesday Morning on April 25th, also being on Nissan 14 the counsel of the high priest delivered Jesus bound to Pontius Pilate to be tried. Judas repented of his evil betrayal of Jesus, through away the money and hung himself. And the murderer Barabbas was released according to the custom of the Jews. Jesus is delivered to be crucified, but first he is mocked, a crown of thorns place on his head, he is spit upon and scoured by the Roman soldiers before being crucified. Please read Matthew 27:1-25, Mark 15:1-25, and Luke 23:1-25.
In Mark 15:25 we see that it is the THIRD HOUR of the day that Jesus is actual crucified or nailed to the cross. Again the third hour would be 9:00 am on WEDNESDAY morning.
Wednesday Afternoon on Nissan 14 at the sixth hour darkness began to cover the land. Please read Mark 15:31.
Wednesday Evening on Nissan 14 at the ninth hour or at 3:00 pm Jesus DIED. In other words, the LAMB of God was SLAIN in the EVENING on Nissan the 14th as prophesied by the types and shadows of the FEAST day called PASSOVER. Please read Matthew 27:31-56, Mark 15:31-41, Luke 23:26-49.
Then that SAME Wednesday evening just before sunset on Nissan 14 they took the dead body of Jesus down off the cross and after wrapping his body in linen they place him in a tomb and rolled a large stone in front of the entrance closing the tomb and returned home to keep the HIGH SABBATH day the first day of unleavened bread. Please read John 19:30-42.
"When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
31. The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for THAT sabbath day was an HIGH DAY,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
38. And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus.
42. There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for the sepulcher was nigh at hand."
Wednesday Evening on Nissan 14 just before sunset, which would be the start of the HIGH SABBATH day they placed Jesus in the tomb.
So then, from sunset on Wednesday to sunset on Thursday is Nissan 15 the HIGH SABBATH day called the FIRST day of the FEAST of UNLEAVENED BREAD.
So from sunset to sunrise on Thursday would be ONE NIGHT.
Then from sunrise to sunset on Thursday would be ONE DAY.
Then from sunset to sunrise on Friday would be TWO NIGHTS.
And from sunrise to sunset on Friday would be TWO DAYS.
Then from sunset to sunrise on Saturday would be THREE NIGHTS.
And from sunrise to sunset on Saturday would be THREE DAYS.
Then from sometime AFTER the weekly sabbath had ENDED and had already PAST at SUNSET, but BEFORE the sun arose that Sunday morning Jesus arose form the dead AFTER being in the heart of the earth three FULL days AND three FULL nights just like the whole word of God clearly and plainly teaches us.
for reading, and again if you don't agree with this study in God's
word it is NOT a matter of salvation as some FALSELY teach. But for
ME, this study has settled all the questions that I myself have had
and I know that other dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus
Christ may have struggled with as well. Below I have added a letter from a dear brother in our Lord Jesus Christ who is an Adventist, or at least he used to be a 7th Day Adventist, who believe that Jesus rose from the dead on a SATURDAY as opposed to being raised from the dead on Sunday. Now my brother does make a good argument for a Saturday resurrection, saying that if Jesus was risen of Sunday, then that would mean that Jesus was in the grave FOUR NIGHTS instead of three. As you already know I myself do not believe that Jesus rose from the dead on Saturday, but rather that Jesus arose from the dead on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week. This particular study was not intended to show what day Jesus arose, but rather was written to show what day upon which Jesus was CRUCIFIED. However I will explain why his argument is invalid after his letter.
May God bless you richly as you continue to seek the truth of the whole word of God.
Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,
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My dear brother in the Lord states that if Jesus was resurrected on Sunday, then this would mean that Jesus would have been in the heart of the earth FOUR nights rather that THREE nights as the scripture says. Here again is how you count the three full days and three full nights without adding the partial night as a whole night by using the Jewish IDIOM. Remember that the Jews started their new day at sunset.
So then, Jesus was crucified on the ninth hour, which would be 3:00 pm in the afternoon. The Jews wanted the bodies off the cross before sunset the start of the annual sabbath feast day of Passover the first day of unleavened bread. However they needed permission from Pontius Pilate first. This mean that they needed to go to Pontius Pilate and ask that the bodies be taken down. Joseph of Arimathaea went to Pilate when EVENING had come to ask for the body of Jesus. Please read Mark 15:42-45.
"And now when the EVEN was come,(in other words, sunset was approaching and the start of a new day) because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, (again the ANNUAL sabbath that occurred on Thrusday that particular year in 31 AD and NOT the WEEKLY sabbath)
43. Joseph of Arimathaea, an honorable counselor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came , and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.
44. And Pilate marveled if he were already dead: and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead.
45And when he knew it of the centurion, he gave the body to Joseph."
So then, it was now EVENING when Joseph first went into ask for the body of Jesus. But Pilate marveled that Jesus could have been ALREADY dead so he sent some soldiers to make absolute sure that those being crucified were indeed dear. In John 19: we read that the soldiers then came and broke the legs of the two who were crucified along with Jesus but when they came to Jesus they saw that he was already dead.
"The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
32. Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him.
33. But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs:
34. But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water."
My point is this, it took some TIME for all of this to transpire meaning that it was very NEAR SUNSET that Jesus was laid in the tomb, which would be the starting of the next day which was the yearly sabbath day that year. In other words, you cannot count what little time that remained on Wednesday evening as either a day or a night by using the Jewish IDIOM.
So then, from sunset Wednesday evening to sunrise Thursday is ONE NIGHT.
Then from sunrise Thursday morning to sunset Thursday evening would be ONE DAY.
Then from sunset Thursday evening to sunrise Friday morning would be TWO NIGHTS.
And from sunrise Friday morning to sunset Friday evening would be TWO DAYS.
Then from sunset Friday evening to sunrise Saturday morning would be THREE nights.
And from sunrise Saturday morning to sunset Saturday evening would be THREE days.
At sunset Saturday evening starts the next day, which would be the FIRST day of the week that we call Sunday. Jesus rose from the dead AFTER being in the grave for three full days and three full nights. Remember that we do not count any partial days or or partial nights and being full days or full nights as those who falsely teach a Good Friday crucifixion by using a Jewish IDIOM. You can not have it BOTH ways. Either you count the days and nights as being full or whole days and nights or you use the Jewish IDIOM. If you try and use BOTH, then to ME you are TWISTING the scriptures to fit your own bias interpretation.
Anyway Jesus was raised from the dead sometime between SUNSET on Saturday evening and BEFORE sunrise on Sunday morning. Even if Jesus was raised just one minute before sunrise it would not still not be a full night. But we know from the word of God that Jesus was already risen from the dead while it was yet dark before dawn which is most certainly more than just one minute before sunrise and the ending of that night in order to make it a FULL night.
The word of truth also teaches us that Jesus rose from the dead AFTER these three days and three nights. Please read Matthew 27:62-66, which teaches us that a GUARD was set to seal the tomb and make sure that three full days had past before the guard was to be removed so that the body of Jesus could NOT be stolen and then said that he raised from the dead.
"Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,
63. Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, AFTER THREE DAYS I WILL RISE AGAIN. (whenever we INTERPRET scripture we must consider ALL the verses and this verse clearly say AFTER three days that Jesus is rise from the dead, which means that Jesus could NOT have risen on Saturday, because no time on Saturday would be AFTER three days. Therefore without fail, for ME, Jesus rose from the grave on the SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, which most Christians call the LORD'S DAY.)
64. Command therefore that the sepulcher be made sure UNTIL the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.
65. Pilate said unto them, You have a watch: go your way, make it as sure as you can.
66. So they went, and made the sepulcher sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch."
Also please read Mark 8:31 where Jesus himself teaches us that he would rise AFTER being in the grave for three full days and three full nights, which again proves without a doubt that Jesus could not have risen from the dead on Saturday, because it would NOT be AFTER the three full days and three full nights.
"And he (Jesus) began to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected of the elders, and of the chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and AFTER THREE DAYS RISE AGAIN. "
Now my dear brother in the Lord also brings up Mark 16:9 as being mistranslated, and because of the BIAS of the translators was the reason that the comma was placed after the word "week" instead of after the word "risen", which is where the comma should have been placed according to the 7th Day Adventist and other Sabbath Keepers, who want to compell Christians to keep ALL the law of God contained in some 613 carnal ordinances written to the children of Israel under the first covenant, Here is what Mark 16:9 states in the King James Version.
"Now when Jesus was risen early the FIRST day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils.".
Obviously every Sabbath Keeper does NOT want this verse to read this way, because this one verse alone would prove without a doubt that the Jesus was risen on the FIRST day of the week just like the word of God clearly and plainly teaches us. Now they CLAIM that it was the BIAS of the TRANSLATORS that placed this comma incorrectly, but to ME. it appears to be the BIAS of the 7th Day Adventist, who want to twist the word of God to fit their OWN personal translation of God's word. Again please read all the studies that I have written exposing the many ERRORS of the 119 Ministries and other Sabbath Keepers being deceived by the Hebrew Roots Movement. I will post the links to these studies below. But for now let us take a look at several other translations to see how Mark 16:9 reads. In other words, have ALL the other translations made the same "BIAS" misplaced comma?
Mark 16:9 CJB
When Yeshua rose early Sunday, he appeared first to Miryam of Magdala, from whom he had expelled seven demons.Read Mark 16 CJB | Read Mark 16:9 CJB in parallel
Mark 16:9 ASV
Now when he was risen early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons.Read Mark 16 ASV | Read Mark 16:9 ASV in parallel
Mark 16:9 KJV
Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils.Read Mark 16 KJV | Read Mark 16:9 KJV in parallel | Interlinear view
Mark 16:9 NIRV
Jesus rose from the dead early on the first day of the week. He appeared first to Mary Magdalene. He had driven seven demons out of her.Read Mark 16 NIRV | Read Mark 16:9 NIRV in parallel
Mark 16:9 NLT
It was early on Sunday morning when Jesus rose from the dead, and the first person who saw him was Mary Magdalene, the woman from whom he had cast out seven demons.Read Mark 16 NLT | Read Mark 16:9 NLT in parallel
Mark 16:9 BBE
Now when he came back from the dead early on the first day of the week, he went first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had sent out seven evil spirits.Read Mark 16 BBE | Read Mark 16:9 BBE in parallel
Mark 16:9 CEB
[They promptly reported all of the young man's instructions to those who were with Peter. Afterward, through the work of his disciples, Jesus sent out, from the east to the west, the sacred and undying message of eternal salvation. Amen. ][[After Jesus rose up early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons.Read Mark 16 CEB | Read Mark 16:9 CEB in parallel
Mark 16:9 RHE
But he rising early the first day of the week, appeared first to Mary Magdalen; out of whom he had cast seven devils.Read Mark 16 RHE | Read Mark 16:9 RHE in parallel
Mark 16:9 ESV
[[Now when he rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons.Read Mark 16 ESV | Read Mark 16:9 ESV in parallel
Mark 16:9 GW
After Jesus came back to life early on Sunday, he appeared first to Mary from Magdala, from whom he had forced out seven demons.Read Mark 16 GW | Read Mark 16:9 GW in parallel
Mark 16:9 GNT
After Jesus rose from death early on Sunday, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had driven out seven demons.Read Mark 16 GNT | Read Mark 16:9 GNT in parallel
Mark 16:9 HNV
Now when he had risen early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Miryam from Magdala, from whom he had cast out seven demons.Read Mark 16 HNV | Read Mark 16:9 HNV in parallel
Mark 16:9 CSB
Early on the first day of the week, after He had risen, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had driven seven demons.Read Mark 16 CSB | Read Mark 16:9 CSB in parallel
Mark 16:9 LEB
Now early on the first [day] of the week, [after he] rose, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had expelled seven demons.Read Mark 16 LEB | Read Mark 16:9 LEB in parallel
Mark 16:9 NAS
[Now after He had risen early on the first day of the week, He first appeared to Mary Magdalene, from whom He had cast out seven demons.Read Mark 16 NAS | Read Mark 16:9 NAS in parallel | Interlinear view
Mark 16:9 NCV
After Jesus rose from the dead early on the first day of the week, he showed himself first to Mary Magdalene. One time in the past, he had forced seven demons out of her.Read Mark 16 NCV | Read Mark 16:9 NCV in parallel
Mark 16:9 NIV
When Jesus rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had driven seven demons.Read Mark 16 NIV | Read Mark 16:9 NIV in parallel
Mark 16:9 NKJV
Now when He rose early on the first day of the week, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had cast seven demons.Read Mark 16 NKJV | Read Mark 16:9 NKJV in parallel
Mark 16:9 NRS
#[Now after he rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons.Read Mark 16 NRS | Read Mark 16:9 NRS in parallel
Mark 16:9 RSV
Now when he rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons.Read Mark 16 RSV | Read Mark 16:9 RSV in parallel
Mark 16:9 DBY
Now when he had risen very early, the first [day] of the week, he appeared first to Mary of Magdala, out of whom he had cast seven demons.Read Mark 16 DBY | Read Mark 16:9 DBY in parallel
Mark 16:9 MSG
[After rising from the dead, Jesus appeared early on Sunday morning to Mary Magdalene, whom he had delivered from seven demons.Read Mark 16 MSG | Read Mark 16:9 MSG in parallel
Mark 16:9 WBT
Now when [Jesus] was risen early, the first [day] of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven demons.Read Mark 16 WBT | Read Mark 16:9 WBT in parallel
Mark 16:9 TMB
Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had cast seven devils.Read Mark 16 TMB | Read Mark 16:9 TMB in parallel
Mark 16:9 TNIV
When Jesus rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene," "out of whom he had driven seven demons."Read Mark 16 TNIV | Read Mark 16:9 TNIV in parallel
Mark 16:9 WNT
[But He rose to life early on the first day of the week, and appeared first to Mary of Magdala from whom He had expelled seven demons.Read Mark 16 WNT | Read Mark 16:9 WNT in parallel
Mark 16:9 WEB
Now when he had risen early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons.Read Mark 16 WEB | Read Mark 16:9 WEB in parallel
Mark 16:9 WYC
And Jesus rose early the first day of the week, and appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven devils [of whom he had cast out seven devils].Read Mark 16 WYC | Read Mark 16:9 WYC in parallel
Mark 16:9 YLT
Even the Greek to English Interlinear New Testament reads WITHOUT any punctuation that Jesus rose early on the first day of the week. Here is the exact way the Greek is LITERALLY translated to English.
"Now having risen early [the] first [day] of the week he appear first to Mary the Magdalene from whom he had cast out seven demons."
The words in brackets were added by the translators, but this verse is still yet easily understood without their being added. This mean of this verse is very clear to those seeking the TRUTH of the WHOLE word of God as saying that Jesus having risen first of the week HE appeared first to Mary the Magdalene from whom he had cast out seven devils. Even with NO commas added the meaning is clear to all seeking the TRUTH.
Therefore for ME, the BIAS is NOT the translators of all the many different translations, but rather the BIAS is in the INTERPRETATION of the 7th Day Adventist and all the other Sabbath Keepers who do NOT want this verse to read the way that it does indeed read even in the original Greek.
Here are the links to all the studies that I have written thus far exposing the ERRORS that have been made by the 119 Ministries and other Sabbath Keeping groups such as the 7th Day Adventist who have been deceived by the Hebrew Roots Movement
"IS THE HEBREW ROOTS MOVEMENT BIBLICAL?"
Thanks again for reading. May God bless you richly as you continue to seek the TRUTH of the WHOLE word of Almighty God.
Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,
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