Now, to most Christians, this may sound like a meaningless question. Every Christian that I know would say, of course, Jesus is a Jew because the Bible says that he came to his OWN people and salvation is of the Jews.

John 1:11,12.

“He came unto his own, and his own received him not.

12.  But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:”

In other words, Jesus came to preach the kingdom to his OWN people the Jews and some of the Jews believed that he was their Messiah but the majority of his own people, the Jews, did not receive Jesus as their Messiah. So most Christians would say that Jesus is without question a JEW because salvation is of the Jews. Please read John 4:21,22 where Jesus is talking to a Samaritans woman and Jesus speaks of himself as being a JEW.

John 4:21,22.

“Jesus said unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour comes, when you shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.

22.  You (Being a Samaritan) worship you know not what: WE know what WE worship: for salvation is of the JEWS.”

However, there are some Christians who dogmatically insist that the Jews are NOT a part of ISRAEL and that Jesus came to save the children of Israel ONLY. They say that the Jews are the children of the Devil and thus the Jews can NOT be saved. And they sincerely believe that calling Jesus a JEW is blasphemy.

So, now the question becomes, are the Jews spoken of in the Bible true Hebrew Israelites?


Are the Jews the Hebrew Israelites


Again, some Christians are teaching that the name or term Jews was invented in modern times and it never existed in the day of Jesus. And I agree that the letter “J” in the English language was not invented until modern times but the English translation does not affect what was written in the original Greek text. These same Christians teach that salvation is for Israel ONLY and that the Jews are NOT Hebrew Israelites. They also teach the Jews living in Israel today are FAKE Jews. And again some of them take offense when other Christians say that Jesus is a JEW.


But what does the Bible itself teach us?


Are the Jews one and the same PEOPLE as the Hebrew Israelite people? Or were the Jews, in the days of Jesus, the descendants of Esau called the Edomites as the salvation for Israel only believers claim?


Let us begin this study in God’s word by reading Acts 13:13-16 where Paul is preaching to the men of ISREAL and those who fear God.


Acts 13:13-16.


“But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went INTO the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and sat down.

15.  And after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers of the synagogue sent unto them, saying, You men and brethren, if you have any word of exhortation for the people, say on.

16. Then Paul stood up, and beckoning with his hand said, Men of Israel, and you that fear God, give audience.”


Paul continues to IDENTIFY to whom he is preaching throughout the entire context. Please see the following verses.


Acts 13:17.

“The God of this people of Israel chose OUR fathers, (So Paul was including himself as being a Hebrew Israelite and thus one of the children of ISRAEL along with THOSE IN the synagogue to whom he was preaching the Gospel of Jesus Christ) and exalted the people when they dwelt as strangers in the land of Egypt, and with an high arm brought he them out of it.”


Acts 13:23.


“Of this man's seed has God according to his promise raised unto Israel a Savior, Jesus:”


Acts 13:24.


“When John had first preached before his coming the baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel.”



Now skip down to verse 26 where Paul again IDENTIFIES to whom he is preaching the Gospel of Jesus Christ.




“Men and brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you fears God, to YOU is the word of this salvation sent.”



All the way through the entire context of Paul preaching the gospel he is bringing this word of salvation to the children of ISRAEL. Now skip down to verse 42 of this SAME context where Paul again IDENTIFIES those to whom has just finished preaching the Gospel of Jesus Christ.


Act 13:42,43.  


“And when the JEWS were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next Sabbath.   

43. Now when the congregation was broken up, many of the JEWS AND religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God.”



So then, Paul clearly identifies the men of ISRAEL as being JEWS. Also, we clearly see that there were some PROSELYTES among the natural born children of Israel as well. A proselyte is someone who is not a Hebrew by birth but has BECOME a follower of Yahweh by being CIRCUMCISED. We will get into the scriptures that prove this further on in this study, in God’s word, but right at the moment, I want to continue with the verses that use the word “Jew” and the word “Israel” interchangeably speaking of the SAME Hebrew race of people called the children of Israel.


Please read Acts 28:17-21.


“And it came to pass, that after three days Paul called the chief of the JEWS together: and when they were come together, he said unto them, Men and brethren, though I have committed nothing against the people, or customs of OUR fathers, yet was I delivered prisoner from Jerusalem into the hands of the Romans.

18.  Who, when they had examined me, would have let me go, because there was no cause of death in me.

19.  But when the Jews spake against it, I was constrained to appeal unto Caesar; not that I had ought to accuse MY nation of.

20.  For this cause therefore have I called for you (Speaking of the chief elders of the JEWS), to see you (My fellow brethren of my nation), and to speak with you (The people of OUR fathers): because that for the hope of ISRAEL I am bound with this chain.

21.  And they (The chief elders of the JEWS) said unto him, We neither received letters out of Judaea concerning you, neither ANY of the BRETHREN that came showed or spake any harm of you.”


So again, we see that Luke records the JEW being one and the selfsame PEOPLE of God called Israel sometimes and called the Jews every other time. Now, even if one tries to argue that Acts 13:26 says the stock of Abraham, to mean ALL the children of Abraham including the seed of Ishmael and the seed of Esau, the Edomites verse 26 ALSO says that the word of salvation was sent to YOU speaking of ALL the stock of Abraham and those who feared God which would include the proselytes as well.




“Men and brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you fears God, to YOU is the word of this salvation sent.”


Paul uses the same wording “men and BRETHREN” speaking to the chief JEWS as he does when speaking to the children of the stock of Abraham. And he is saying to the JEWS that to YOU is the word of SALVATION sent.


Lets us continue with Philippians 3:3-9.


“For WE are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh. (In other words, Paul is saying to the Jewish Christians that we are the children of the seed of promise that are circumcised in the flesh according to the covenant God made with our father Abraham. Who believed in God’s Son to NOW worship God is Spirit and in truth)

4.  Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinks that he has whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more:

5.  Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee; (Here in this verse we clearly see that Paul was a circumcised HEBREW of the stock of the house of ISRAEL who was a descendant from the tribe of Benjamin. Paul was also a Pharisee which he says is the straightest or most exact sect of the Jewish religion. Please read Acts 26:4-7. “My manner of life from my youth, which was at the first among mine own nation at Jerusalem, know all the Jews;

Act 26:5  Which knew me from the beginning, if they would testify, that after the most straitest sect of OUR religion I lived a Pharisee.

Act 26:6  And now I stand and am judged for the hope of the promise made of God unto OUR fathers:

Act 26:7  Unto which promise OUR twelve tribes, instantly serving God day and night, hope to come. For which hope's sake, king Agrippa, I am accused of the Jews So clearly, the Bible ITSELF teaches us that the RELIGION of the TWELVE TRIBES of ISRAEL was the SAME religion of the JEWS because the Jews and Israel are one and the selfsame HEBREW people of God. Paul was preaching the gospel of salvation to his OWN people ISRAEL desiring for all of ISRAEL to be saved and he called himself and THEM as well by the title or the name the JEWS. But BEFORE Paul converted to Christianity he was a Jew who persecuted the church like all the Jews are now persecuting Paul)

6.  Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.

7.  But what things were (In the PAST) gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ.

8.  Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ,

9.  And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:”


Paul being a HEBREW of the stock of ISRAEL called himself a JEW who is now being persecuted by the Jews.


Please read Acts 21:39,40.


“But Paul said, I am a man which am a JEW of Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city: and, I beseech thee, suffer me to speak unto the people.

40.  And when he had given him license, Paul stood on the stairs, and beckoned with the hand unto the people. And when there was made a great silence, he spake unto them in the Hebrew tongue, saying,”


Paul continues speaking in the next chapter which is the SAME CONTEXT saying.

Acts 22:1-5.


“Men, brethren, and fathers, hear you my defense which I make now unto you.

2.  (And when they heard that he spake in the Hebrew tongue to them, they kept the more silence: and he said,)

3.  I am verily a man which am a JEW, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect manner of the LAW of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as YOU ALL are this day. (So Paul is speaking to the JEWS of the SAME religion of Paul BEFORE Paul converted to Christianity. Keep in mind that Paul also identifies the JEWS as being the men of ISRAEL having the SAME fathers and the SAME LAW of Moses. So then Judaism is the SAME religion as Hebrewism. I agree that that are different SECTS which differ on some doctrines such as the resurrection but they ALL have the SAME LAW of Moses)

4.  And I persecuted this WAY (Speaking of the believers in Jesus called the WAY) unto the death, binding and delivering into prisons both men and women.

5.  As also the high priest does bear me witness, and all the estate of the elders: from whom also I received letters unto the brethren, (In other words, most of you JEWS to whom I am giving my defense know right well that you gave me the letters of authority to arrest Christians) and went to Damascus, to bring them which were there bound unto Jerusalem, for to be punished.”




Peter who was a Hebrew Israelite ALSO called himself a JEW.


Acts 10:28.  


“And he said unto them, You know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a JEW to keep company, or come unto one of another nation; BUT God has showed ME that I should not call any man common or unclean.”


Peter also called the men of Israel JEWS.


Acts 2:5.  


“And there were dwelling at Jerusalem JEWS, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.”


These Jews who were born in other countries traveled to Jerusalem to celebrate the feast of weeks and the day of Pentecost. And there were some who BECAME Jews that are called PROSELYTES.


Acts 2:10.


“Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes,”


And some of those present hearing the first sermon being preached by Peter on the day of Pentecost to ONLY the JEWS were men from Judaea. So this teaches us that the men of Galilee had the same religion and law of Moses as the men of Judaea


Act 2:14.  


“But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, You men of Judaea, and all you that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:”


Then Peter IDENTIFIES these SAME men who were called JEWS and men of Judaea as being men of ISREAL in verse 22 of the same context.


Act 2:22.  


You men of ISRAEL, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as you yourselves also know:”




Now skip down to Act 2:36-38 which is still yet the SAME context and the SAME sermon being preached where Peter clearly identifies all the JEWS as being of ALL the house of ISRAEL.


Acts 2:36-38.


“Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God has made that same Jesus, whom YOU have crucified, both Lord and Christ.

37.  Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, (Calling Peter, who said he was a JEW, a brother of the children of ISRAEL. They were not yet brothers in Jesus Christ as yet because they were asking what they must do to be saved) what shall we do?

38.  Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.”


Now, if so be, that salvation is for ISRAEL ONLY and if so be the JEWS are NOT a part of the children of Israel then WHY does the Bible itself say that the gospel was to be preached to the JEWS first and the word ISRAEL is not even mentioned in any of those passages of scripture that have the phrase “to the JEW first”? It is because ALL the house of Israel had the SAME religion, the SAME LAW of Moses s the men of Judaea who were called JEWS.

We, who believe in Jesus, are all called Christians because we have the SAME faith in the New Covenant established by the shed blood of Jesus. We may be from different SECTS or church denominations but we all have the same basic core faith in Jesus as the atonement for our sins. Salvation is to ALL races of people but the gospel was FIRST preached to the JEWS.


Romans 1:16.  


“For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believes; to the Jew first, and ALSO to the Greek.”


Romans 2:9.  


“Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that does evil, of the Jew first, and ALSO of the Gentile;”


Romans 2:10.


“But glory, honor, and peace, to every man that worketh good, to the Jew first, and ALSO to the Gentile:”



The gospel was preached to the JEWS FIRST but yet there is not a word about ISRAEL in the context of any of these verses with the phrase “to the JEW first”. Could it be that the salvation of Israel ONLY Christians have it WRONG and the words “JEW” and “ISRAEL” are interchangeable? Could it be that those PEOPLE who are being CALLED Jews in the Bible are of the tribe of Judah which is one of the twelve tribes of ISRAEL and thus these PEOPLE who are called the JEWS in the Bible are Hebrew Israelites no matter what “NAME” they are called?


Acts 11:19.  


“Now they which were scattered abroad upon the persecution that arose about Stephen traveled as far as Phenice, and Cyprus, and Antioch, preaching the word to none but unto the Jews ONLY.”


This was right at the time that God was just beginning to turn the Gospel to the Gentiles. You see dear children of God, for the first 3 plus years, the gospel was preached ONLY to God’s chosen people, the Hebrew Israelites who were of BOTH the house of ISRAEL and ALSO of the house of JUDAH. And THEN after Israel as a whole rejected Jesus as their Messiah God turned the gospel to the Gentiles in order to PROVOKE Israel to jealousy.


Please read the following verses.


Romans 10:19.  


“But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses said, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are NO people, AND by a foolish nation I will anger you.”


Romans 11:11.  


“I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall  (Speaking of God concluding ALL the children of Israel to be under sin and CUT OFF the natural Olive tree) salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy.”


God concluded all the children of Israel to be under sin and they were all cut off the natural Olive tree because the Old Covenant ended at the cross. And the only way to God the Father now is through the NEW COVENANT. So the only way any of Israel to be saved and graft back into the ROOT of the Olive tree is to believe in Jesus as their Messiah. In Romans 11:11 Paul is quoting the prophecy written in Deuteronomy chapter 32 where we learn WHY God partially blinds Israel and turns the gospel to the Gentiles to anger Israel and provoke her to jealousy.


Deuteronomy 32:16-21.


“They (Speaking of the children of Israel) provoked him (Speaking of Almighty God) to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations provoked they him to anger. (So Israel provoked God to anger first)

17.  They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not, to new gods that came newly up, whom your fathers feared not.

18.  Of the Rock that begat you, you are unmindful, and have forgotten God that formed you.

19.  And when the LORD saw it, he abhorred them, because of the provoking of his sons, and of his daughters.

20.  And he said, (Or God prophesied) I will hide my face from them, I will see what their end shall be: for they are a very froward generation, children in whom is no faith.

21.  They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with those which are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.”


Now, there are two nations being spoken of here in verse 21. There are the GENTILE people who are NOT a people of God and NOT being a descendant of Abraham in any way. And then there is the foolish nation who is of the seed of Abraham but NOT of the seed of promise who will make war with Israel in the last days to anger Israel.

Obviously, the Gentile nation that REMAINS dead in their sins will not provoke Israel to jealousy in the last days. But those of us who are Gentiles that BELIEVE in Jesus as the atonement for our sins will indeed provoke Israel to jealousy when they SEE the Christians being raptured or caught up to be with our Messiah and they are left behind to suffer the wrath of Almighty God. Please see the studies that I have on the 1000 year reign of Jesus and the coming of Jesus. Here is a link that has a list of all the studies that I have on the end times, >>>PROPHECY-THE COMING OF JESUS<<<.


Back to the study at hand to learn what the Bible ITSELF teaches us as to WHO the Jewish people are. Those Hebrew Israelites of the house of Judah who dwelt mainly in the southern part of the kingdom of Israel are called the JEWS. Any Bible scholar will tell you that being a Jew means that a person observes the Jewish RELIGION. They will also tell you that technically a NATURAL BORN Jew is a descendant from the tribe of Judah. And as we will see further on in this study in God’s word that Jesus is a descendant of the tribe of Judah who also calls himself a JEW. But for now, I want to share why I ask the question “Is Jesus a Jew?” and how I came to write this study.


A dear brother in our Lord Jesus Christ wrote to me to tell me that the word “Jew” was invented and it did not exist in the days of Jesus. He went on to say that the Jews of today in the land of Israel are NOT true Hebrew Israelite people and that they are FAKE Jews.

I answered him by saying that when Jesus returns he will fight against the armies that are surrounding the city of Jerusalem seeking to exterminate the JEWS. I said that these people in Israel could be called by the name, term, or title “ELEPHANTS” and it would not matter because God is sending his Son Jesus to deliver the REMNANT of his people ISRAEL who will be left alive after the great tribulation and the wrath of God.

But he kept insisting that the Jews in Israel are NOT God’s people Israel and that God’s people Israel are still scattered all over the world.

I then said to him, WHO are the remnant in the land of Israel that Jesus is coming to DELIVER? I mean some TRUE Hebrew Israelite MUST be living in the land of Israel to be fighting the Islamic Muslim armies who will one day surround the city of Jerusalem to seek to wipe the children of Israel off the face of the earth. He kept coming back with the same argument that the word “JEW” did not even exist until modern times.

So I said, you are missing the whole point. There must be some TRUE Israelite Hebrew people in Israel in the last days otherwise Jesus is returning to deliver the WRONG people whom you are calling FAKE Jews. So I said think of it this way. Let us ASSUME that what we call elephants today only came about in modern times. In other words, the name “elephants” was only invented ten years ago. And before ten years ago this big grey animal was CALLED the big great beast. That is all the people knew to call this bid grey animal in the days of Jesus. It is the SAME animal back then in the days of Jesus as it is today but NOW that big grey beast is called an elephant.

So then, back in the day of Jesus those of the tribe of Judah were called “men of Judah” or “men of Judaea” “Judaeans” but today those SAME people are now called the JEWS. And the Jews are part of the children of ISRAEL because they are one of the twelve tribes of Israel.

But more than just being natural born children of the tribe of Judah there are ALSO those who BECAME Jews. And this speaks of the word “Jews” also meaning the FAITH of the Hebrew Israelite people. In other words, ANYONE could BECOME a part of the family of the people of ISRAEL by being CIRCUMCISED and OBEYING the Law of Moses.


Please read the following verses which clearly teach us that any person of any nation or nationality could become a part of ISREAL and be considered by Almighty God himself as a NATURAL BORN Hebrew Israelite.


Genesis 17:10-14.


This is my covenant, (Speaking of the covenant that God gave to Abraham) which you shall keep, between me and you and your seed after you; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.

11.  And you shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a TOKEN (or a SIGN, the EVIDENCE) of the covenant betwixt me and you.

12.  And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, (Strong’s #5236) which is NOT of your seed.

13.  He that is born in your house, and he that is bought with your money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.

14.  And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant.”


So then, the SIGN or the EVIDENCE of being in a covenant relationship with Almighty God is the sign of CIRCUMCISION. And we, as Christians KEEP the law of CIRCUMCISION by our FAITH IN Jesus as the circumcision of our hearts to cut away the sins of the flesh. In other words, Jesus did NOT abolish the law of circumcision but rather Jesus FULFILLED the law of circumcision to become our TRUE circumcision of the heart made by Almighty God himself and NOT by our OWN hands of the flesh.

The Hebrew word “NEKAR” that is translated as a foreigner is used 35 times in the Old Testament and not one time is it ever used to refer to a Hebrew Israelite. It always speaks of someone OTHER THAN the Hebrew Israelites and it is mostly used to refer to a false god of the heathen foreigners and their pagan religions.


Now please read Exodus 12:43,44.


“And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the Passover: There shall no stranger (Strong’s #5236 which is NOT of your seed) eat thereof:

44.  But every man's servant that is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, THEN shall he eat thereof.”


Then in a few verses later we read in verse 48 another Hebrew word translated as stranger which means the same thing as the Hebrew “nekar” but also carries the meaning of being a GUEST.


Exodus 12:48.


“And when a stranger (Strong’s #1616 meaning alien, or foreigner who is a guest or who DESIRES to eat the Passover and follow Yahweh) shall sojourn with you, and will keep the Passover to the LORD (or who desires to eat the Passover with you then), let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is BORN in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.”


In other words, BEFORE a person who was NOT a natural born Hebrew could EAT the Passover lamb they MUST be CIRCUMCISED first and THEN they can eat the Passover Lamb. And Yahweh says they will be just as if they are God’s CHOSEN NATURAL BORN Hebrew people.

This is a SHADOW of being BORN-AGAIN by the word of God FIRST before we can EAT or UNDERSTAND the scriptures. Jesus did not abolish the feast of the Passover Lamb but rather Jesus FULFILLED the feast of the Passover Lamb to BECOME OUR TRUE Passover Lamb. The feast of eating the Passover lamb was a SHADOW pointing to the TRUE Passover Lamb, the Son of man, Jesus. So, we, as Christians, no longer keep the SHADOW because we ARE KEEPING the TRUE by our FAITH in Jesus as our Passover Lamb.

Now read Numbers 15:29.

“You shall have one law for him that sins through ignorance, both for him that is born among the children of Israel, and for the stranger (Strong’s #1616 meaning alien, or foreigner who is a guest or who DESIRES to follow Yahweh) that sojourns among them.”

So clearly the Bible ITSELF teaches us that God has provided salvation for ALL of mankind. God’s plan of salvation from before the foundation of the world was ordained to be IN his SON Jesus, the Christ.

Please read Ephesians 1:1-14.

“Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ BY the WILL of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful IN Christ Jesus:

2.  Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.

3.  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places IN Christ:

4.  According as he has chosen us IN him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:

5.  Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children BY Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

6.  To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he has made us accepted IN the beloved.

7.  IN whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;

8.  Wherein he has abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;

9.  Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he has purposed in himself:

10.  That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in ONE all things (Speaking of THE ALL of whosoever believes IN Jesus might be gathered together in ONE) IN Christ, (The word “things” is NOT in the original Greek text. The whole context of this passage of scripture is speaking about God foreordained SALVATION being IN his SON Jesus, the Christ, that he might gather THE ALL who are saved together in ONE body of BELIEVERS IN Jesus Christ) BOTH which are in heaven (Speaking of the dead IN Jesus Christ who are present with our Lord in heaven under the altar awaiting their new glorified immortal bodies of flesh and blood), AND which are on earth;(Speaking of those Christians who will be alive and remain unto the coming of Jesus.) even IN him:

11.  IN whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who works all things after the counsel of his own will: (What is the PURPOSE of the sacrifice of Jesus and the PREACHING of the Gospel of Jesus Christ? The purpose or WILL of Almighty God is to save all of mankind through each individual person BELIEVING the GOSPEL of salvation. The PURPOSE of the Gospel is to be PREACHED to the entire world so that WHOSOEVER, any person in the whole world, who BELIEVES might be saved)

12.  That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted IN Christ.

13.  IN whom you also trusted, AFTER that you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: IN whom also AFTER that you believed, you were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,

14.  Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.”

Almighty God Yahweh watches over his word to PERFORM what he has prophesied or spoken IN his WORD. We must consider the WHOLE counsel of God’s will that he purposes to do. And the whole counsel of God’s written word is for the gospel of salvation IN his SON Jesus Christ to be preached FIRST to the Jews and THEN to the Gentiles after Israel rejected Jesus as their Messiah.

Please read John 4:22 from several translations where Jesus himself says that salvation is OF the JEWS in the King James Version but in other translations says that salvation is FOR the Jews, FROM the Jews, and or BECAUSE OF the Jews which to me speaks of the ONE JEW, Jesus the Christ, the Son of the living God.

Here is John 4:22 from the King James Version.


“You (Speaking of the Samaritans) worship you know not what: WE know what WE worship: for salvation is OF the JEWS.”



Here is John 4:22 from the American Standard Version.


“You worship that which you know not: WE worship that which WE know; for salvation is FROM the JEWS.”



Here is John 4:22 from the Bible in Basic English.


“You give worship, but without knowledge of what you are worshipping: WE give worship to what WE have knowledge of: for salvation COMES FROM the JEWS.”



Here is John 4:22 from the New Century Version.


“You Samaritans worship something you don't understand. WE understand what WE worship, BECAUSE salvation COMES FROM the JEWS.”



Here is John 4:22 from the New Living Translation.


“You Samaritans know very little about the one you worship, while WE JEWS know all about him, for salvation COMES THROUGH the JEWS.”


So then, Jesus HIMSELF is saying that he is a JEW. But we also know that Jesus identifies himself as being one of the children of ISRAEL by saying OUR God is one Lord. Jesus was of the tribe of Judah which is one of the twelve tribes of the children of ISRAEL but yet Jesus also called himself a JEW. So according to the Bible itself, a JEW is indeed a Hebrew Israelite. And salvation came THROUGH the tribe of JUDAH.


Please read Mark 12:29.


“And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord OUR God is one Lord:”

Now read Acts 7:37.

“This is that Moses, which said unto the children of ISREAL, A PHROPHET shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of YOUR BRETHREN, like unto me; him shall you hear.”

Then in Acts 3, we can clearly see that Jesus is that PROPHET, whom God promised ISRAEL, that he would raise up to be their Savior.

Acts 3:20-23.

And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you:

21.  Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God has spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began.

22.  For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall you hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you.

23.  And it shall come to pass, that every soul, which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people.”

The truth of the whole matter is that the preaching of the gospel was commissioned by Jesus to be preached to the WHOLE world so that or in order that WHOSOEVER of any human being who BELIEVES might be saved.

The Gospel COMMISSIONED to the entire world.


Matthew 28:18-20.  


“And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. (Jesus was given all power AFTER the cross and his glorification to become the eternal Son of Almighty God to rule for Yahweh for 1000 years in the world to come)

19.  Go you therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

20.  Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world. Amen.”


So then, BEFORE the CROSS Jesus was not yet given all power and authority to preach the kingdom of God to the WHOLE world and that is WHY Jesus himself was sent ONLY to the lost sheep of Israel.

But AFTER or BY the cross Jesus conquered death hell and the grave and he NOW has the KEYS of death.


Revelation 1:18.  


“I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.”


Right before Jesus ascended into heaven he commissioned his disciples to preach the gospel to the entire world beginning at Jerusalem.


Acts 1:8.  


“But you shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and you shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.”


Matthew 24:14.


 “And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.”


Mark 16:15.  


“And he said unto them, Go you into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.”


There are many more verses that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that Jesus died for the sins of the WHOLE world which I cover in several other Bible studies. The main point of this study in God’s word to show my readers that the Bible itself clearly teaches us that Jesus was indeed a JEW and a Hebrew Israelite. Jesus is called the lion of the tribe of JUDAH which again is one of the twelve tribes of Israel. And ALL twelve tribes of Israel are of the seed of promise through the seed of Jacob.

Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies that I gave links to throughout this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below along with all the studies that I have on this subject. Also, below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.

Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

Brother Mark.




Some Christians CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's day.

Please read all the studies linked within this study and all the studies linked below. This study was just the TIP of the iceberg of exposing the ERRORS of interpretation made by the Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping churches, and the Sunday first day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians. All of the studies listed below can be sent to a brother or sister caught up in the Hebrew Roots Movement or a Sabbath-keeping church by sending them this one link “>>>WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?<<<”

Or you can pick and choose any of the links below to send to them or read for yourself. Be sure to read the HISTORICAL evidence if you have not already done so. I post the SAME historical evidence at the end of almost every study on this subject of the Sabbath day. But if you want to read it again you may see something that did not stand out before.














“HAS GOD'S LAW BEEN ABOLISHED? (Matthew 5:17-19)”

















Again, some Christians make the CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's Day.

Here is a NON BIAS historical account found in a letter from Pliny the Younger to Trojan concerning the Christians.

Pliny was a Roman who persecuted and killed Christians, so again this is a historical NON BIAS account of WHEN Christians gathered together.

Here is what Pliny says in his letter to Trojan. The EMPHASIS and comments in parenthesis are my own:

“That they were WONT (Or as they were ACCUSTOMED and USED to do, or in the HABIT of doing)on a STATED day (Or on a CERTAIN preset day)to meet together BEFORE IT WAS LIGHT, and to sing a hymn to Christ, as to a god, alternately; and to oblige themselves by a sacrament [or oath], not to do anything that was ill: but that they would commit no theft, or pilfering, or adultery; that they would not break their promises, or deny what was deposited with them, when it was required back again; after which it was their CUSTOM to depart, AND to meet AGAIN at a common but innocent meal,(So after they had worship service early morning beginning before day light, they would depart and they come back together later that same day to share a common simple meal together and most likely break bread together as other early church writers give more detail) which they had left off upon that edict which I published at your command, and wherein I had forbidden any such conventicles (Or religious meetings).”

Below are some quotes of early church writers that clearly teach us that the early church did NOT keep the Sabbath day, as in, on SATURDAY, the 7th day of the week, but rather the early church throughout history from it's beginning worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, which is sometimes referred to as the EIGHTH day of the week or the day AFTER the Sabbath day, or the LORD'S DAY. (The emphasis is mine in these quotes given below):

The year AD or date is given first and then the source is given at the end followed by the quote from that historical source. The Apostle John was still alive until 100 AD.

#1. 90 AD DIDACHE:

"Christian Assembly on the Lord's Day:

1. But every Lord's day do ye gather yourselves together, and break bread, and give thanksgiving after having confessed your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure.

2. But let no one that is at variance with his fellow come together with you, until they be reconciled, that your sacrifice may not be profaned.

3. For this is that which was spoken by the Lord: In every place and time offer to me a pure sacrifice; for I am a great King, saith the Lord, and my name is wonderful among the nations." (Didache: The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, Chapter XIV)

#2. 100 AD BARNABAS:

"We keep the eighth day [Sunday] with joyfulness, the day also on which Jesus rose again from the dead" (The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD 15:6-8).

#3. 100 AD BARNABAS:

Moreover, God says to the Jews, 'Your new moons and Sabbaths I cannot endure.' You see how he says, 'The present Sabbaths are not acceptable to me, but the Sabbath which I have made in which, when I have rested [heaven: Heb 4] from all things, I will make the beginning of the eighth day which is the beginning of another world.' Wherefore we Christians keep the eighth day for joy, on which also Jesus arose from the dead and when he appeared ascended into heaven. (15:8f, The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, pg. 147)

#4. 110 AD Pliny:

They were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a god, and bound themselves by a solemn oath not to (do) any wicked deeds, never to commit any fraud, theft, or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up; after which it was their custom to separate, and then reassemble to partake of good food—but food of an ordinary and innocent kind. (About three years after the death of Ignatius in 250, an important official communication was sent from one Pliny to Trojan the Roman emperor. Pliny, the Roman governor of Bithynia, wrote of the Christians who had been congregating there probably from at least A.D. 62 onwards. In this remark, it is explicitly stated that these early Christians observed the substance of most of the Ten Commandments, and it is implied that they observed all ten as far as they were able to do so. As far as they were able, for as most of the early Christians were of slave stock or from other lower classes'-, and those who had heathen masters or employers—the vast majority—would be forced to work on THEIR day of rest, which was unfortunately an official working day throughout the empires' until Constantine's "Sabbath" Edict in 321 A.D. gave them some measure of public protection. Hence one reads that after meeting "on a certain FIXED day before it was light", the first century Bithynian Christians had "to separate"—many of them having to labor for their masters and/or employers from dawn to dusk—"and then reassemble to partake of . . . food". The "certain fixed day" [stato die"'] on which the Christians met, is regarded by Seventh-day Adventists as Saturday'-. Certainly, the expression would seem to indicate a regular day of meeting, probably each week. But Sunday is FAR more likely to have been the "certain fixed day" than Saturday. For if Pliny had been referring to the old Saturday Sabbath, as a Roman he would doubtless have referred to the "later" meeting first and only then to the morning meeting on the day after the "certain fixed day", seeing that the old Saturday Sabbath was demarcated from the evening of one day to the evening of the following day. But Pliny makes no such reference. Instead, he mentions that the pre-dawn meeting took place first—and only afterward, the later meeting; and that both meetings took place on the SAME "certain fixed day". This rather points to the Roman (and—more importantly!—New Testament) midnight to midnight demarcation of modern Sunday-keepers than to the evening to evening demarcation of the Jews and the Seventh-day Adventists.) (The Covenantal Sabbath, Francis Nigel Lee, Pg 242)

Also, I myself will further add to the comment of the writer above that mere common sense plainly teaches us that Pliny was clearly speaking of SUNDAY because the LAW that Constantine passed was not to mandate work on SUNDAY, so that these Christians could worship God on SUNDAY. So the CLAIM by the Seventh Day Advent church that the fixed day of worship for Christians was a Saturday is FALSE. Otherwise, Constantine would have made it a law that employers allow Christians off for work on a Saturday rather than on a Sunday. 

This PROVES beyond any shadow of a doubt that the Christians were ALREADY worshiping God on SUNDAY, the FIRST DAY of the week from the very beginning of the church on the day of Pentecost. The truth of the matter is that Constantine only made it easier for Christians to worship God on Sunday without being persecuted by their employers or owners by passing the EDICT making it a LAW to force heathen employers to let their employees have at least some time off from work so that they could worship God on SUNDAY. 

Every Sabbath keeper will AGREE that Constantine's “SABBATH” is referring to SUNDAY as the day of the week and NOT as Saturday being the REST for Christians. Again, all that Constantine did was to pass a law making it EASIER for Christians to worship on the DAY that they had ALREADY been worshiping on since the very beginning, at the DAY of PENTECOST, which is on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week that Christian called the LORD'S day, the day our Lord rose from the grave. 

Open your EYES dear child of God and read what these early church writings are teaching us about the EARLIEST believers as to which day the early church worshiped God. SUNDAY has ALWAYS been the Sabbath or the day of REST of the early church and the church throughout its entire history.


-I [Christ] have come into being on the eighth day which is the day of the Lord. (18)

#6. 150 AD JUSTIN.

"He then speaks of those Gentiles, namely us, who in every place offer sacrifices to Him, i.e., the bread of the Eucharist, and also the cup of the Eucharist, affirming both that we glorify His name, and that you profane [it]. The command of circumcision, again, bidding [them] always circumcise the children on the eighth day, was a type of the true circumcision, by which we are circumcised from deceit and iniquity through Him who rose from the dead on the first day AFTER the Sabbath, [namely through] our Lord Jesus Christ. For the first day after the Sabbath, remaining the first of all the days, is called, however, the eighth, according to the number of all the days of the cycle, and [yet] remains the first." (Justin, Dialogue 41:4)

#7. 150 AD JUSTIN:

...those who have persecuted and do persecute Christ, if they do not repent, shall not inherit anything on the holy mountain. But the Gentiles, who have believed on Him, and have repented of the sins which they have committed, they shall receive the inheritance along with the patriarchs and the prophets, and the just men who are descended from Jacob, even although they neither keep the Sabbath, nor are circumcised, nor observe the feasts. Assuredly they shall receive the holy inheritance of God. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 207)

#8. 150 AD JUSTIN:

But if we do not admit this, we shall be liable to fall into foolish opinion, as if it were not the same God who existed in the times of Enoch and all the rest, who neither were circumcised after the flesh, nor observed Sabbaths, nor any other rites, seeing that Moses enjoined such observances... For if there was no need of circumcision before Abraham, or of the observance of Sabbaths, of feasts and sacrifices, before Moses; no more need is there of them now, after that, according to the will of God, Jesus Christ the Son of God has been born without sin, of a virgin sprung from the stock of Abraham. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 206)

#9. 150 AD JUSTIN:

Moreover, all those righteous men already mentioned [after mentioning Adam. Abel, Enoch, Lot, Noah, Melchizedek, and Abraham], though they kept no Sabbaths, were pleasing to God; and after them Abraham with all his descendants until Moses... And you [fleshly Jews] were commanded to keep Sabbaths, that you might retain the memorial of God. For His word makes this announcement, saying, "That you may know that I am God who redeemed you." (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 204)

#10. 150 AD JUSTIN.

There is no other thing for which you blame us, my friends, is there than this? That we do not live according to the Law, nor, are we circumcised in the flesh as your forefathers, nor do we observe the Sabbath as you do. (Dialogue with Trypho 10:1. In verse 3 the Jew Trypho acknowledges that Christians 'do not keep the Sabbath.')

#11. 155 AD Justin Martyr:

"[W]e too would observe the fleshly circumcision, and the Sabbaths, and in short all the feasts, if we did not know for what REASON they were enjoined [on] you--namely, on account of your transgressions and the hardness of your heart. . . . [H]ow is it, Trypho, that we would not observe those rites which do not harm us--I speak of fleshly circumcision AND Sabbaths AND feasts? . . . God enjoined you [Jews] to keep the Sabbath and impose on you other precepts for a sign, as I have already said, on account of your unrighteousness and that of your fathers" (Dialogue with Trypho the Jew 18, 21).

#12. 180 AD ACTS OF PETER:

Paul had often contended with the Jewish teachers and had confuted them (Or refuted them completely), saying 'it is Christ on whom your fathers laid hands. He abolished their Sabbath and fasts and festivals and circumcision.' (1: I)-2


Early in the morning when (the Sabbath dawned, a multitude from Jerusalem and the surrounding country came to see the scaled sepulcher. In the night in which the Lord's day dawned, while the soldiers in pairs for each watch were keeping guard, a great voice came from heaven. [There follows an account of the resurrection. Early in the morning of the Lord's day Mary Magdalene, a disciple of the Lord .... came to the sepulcher. (9:34f.; 12:50f.)


(in commenting on each of the Ten Commandments and their Christian meaning:) The seventh day is proclaimed a day of rest, PREPARING by abstention from evil FOR the Primal day, our TRUE rest. (Ibid. VII. xvi. 138.1)

I will add that the meaning of the word “Primal” means an “ARCHETYPAL” which means an original TYPE pointing to the TRUE. So this early church writer is saying what Paul teaches us in scripture that the things in the OLD Testament are TYPES and SHADOWS or the TRUE which was to come. Jesus became our SABBATH, and we have entered into our REST being in Jesus Christ. The SABBATH was an ARCHETYPAL pointing toward our TRUE REST which was to come being FULFILLED in the ATONEMENT of Jesus.


He does the commandment according to the Gospel and keeps the Lord's day, whenever he puts away an evil mind . . . glorifying the Lord's resurrection in himself. (Ibid. Vii.xii.76.4)


Plato prophetically speaks of the Lord's day in the tenth book of the Republic, in these words: 'And when seven days have passed to each of them in the meadow, on the eighth they must go on." (Miscellanies V.xiv.106.2)


Wherever we are, we are all called after the one name of Christ Christians. On one day, the first of the week, we assemble ourselves together (On Fate)


"We solemnize the day AFTER Saturday in contradistinction to those who call this day their Sabbath" (Tertullian's Apology, Ch 16)

In other words, Tertullian is saying that we Christians DISTINGUISH us from the JEWS who hold Saturday as THEIR Sabbath by solemnizing or referencing the day AFTER Saturday as our day of worship and rest.


It follows, accordingly, that, in so far as the abolition of carnal circumcision and of the old law is demonstrated as having been consummated at its specific times, so also the observance of the Sabbath is demonstrated to have been temporary. (An Answer to the Jews 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 155)


Let him who contends that the Sabbath is still to be observed a balm of salvation, and circumcision on the eighth day because of the threat of death, teach us that in earliest times righteous men kept Sabbath or practiced circumcision, and so were made friends of God. .. ...Therefore, since God originated Adam uncircumcised, and inobservant of the Sabbath, consequently his offspring also, Abel, offering Him sacrifices, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was by Him commended... Noah also, uncircumcised - yes, and inobservant of the Sabbath - God freed from the deluge. For Enoch, too, most righteous man, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, He translated from this world... Melchizedek also, "the priest of most high God," uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was chosen to the priesthood of God. (An Answer to the Jews 2:10; 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 153)


Others . . . suppose that the sun is the god of the Christians because it is well-known that we regard Sunday as a day of joy. (To the Nations 1: 133)

Keep in mind that this was well BEFORE Constantine SUPPOSEDLY CHANGED the day of rest and worship to Sunday as the Seventh Day Adventist church CLAIMS. But in TRUTH, Christians had ALREADY been worshiping God on Sunday, the FIRST day of the week that they also called the Lord’s Day, the day that our Lord and Savior Jesus rose from the dead. 

So, as early as Tertullian in 200 AD there were groups of JEWS and Christian JEWS who ASSUMED or who SUPPOSED, or who FALSELY ACCUSED Christians of worshiping God on SUNDAY that they were worshiping a sun god and not the true God.


To us Sabbaths are foreign. (On Idolatry, 14:6)4

#23. 220 AD ORIGEN:

"On Sunday none of the actions of the world should be done. If then, you abstain from all the works of this world and keep yourselves free for spiritual things, go to church, listen to the readings and divine homilies, meditate on heavenly things. (Homil. 23 in Numeros 4, PG 12:749)

#24. 220 AD Origen:

"Hence it is not possible that the [day of] rest after the Sabbath should have come into existence from the seventh [day] of our God. On the contrary, it is our Savior who, after the pattern of his own rest, caused us to be made in the likeness of his death, and hence also of his resurrection" (Commentary on John 2:28).

#25. 225 AD The Didascalia:

"The apostles further appointedOn the first day of the week let there be service, and the reading of the Holy Scriptures, and the oblation, because on the first day of the week our Lord rose from the place of the dead, and on the first day of the week he arose upon the world, and on the first day of the week he ascended up to heaven, and on the first day of the week he will appear at last with the angels of heaven" (Didascalia 2).

And I add further that the church BEGAN on the day of Pentecost, on a SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week. The early church evidence and the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible, make it quite clear that the early church worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, called the LORD'S day and that they did NOT KEEP the Sabbath day as the JEWS.

#26. 250 AD CYPRIAN:

The eight day, that is, the first day after the Sabbath, and the Lord's Day." (Epistle 58, Sec 4)

#27. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

"If, therefore, those who were brought up in the ancient order of things have come to the possession of a new hope, no longer observing the Sabbath, but living in the observance of the Lord's Day, on which also our life has sprung up again by Him and by His death-whom some deny, by which mystery we have obtained faith, and therefore endure, that we may be found the disciples of Jesus Christ, our only Master-how shall we be able to live apart from Him, whose disciples the prophets themselves in the Spirit did wait for Him as their Teacher? And therefore He whom they rightly waited for, being come, raised them from the dead. If, then, those who were conversant with the ancient Scriptures came to newness of hope, expecting the coming of Christ, as the Lord teaches us when He says, "If ye had believed Moses, ye would have believed Me, for he wrote of Me; " and again, "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad; for before Abraham was, I am; " how shall we be able to live without Him? The prophets were His servants, and foresaw Him by the Spirit, and waited for Him as their Teacher, and expected Him as their Lord and Saviour, saying, "He will come and save us." Let us therefore NO longer keep the Sabbath after the Jewish manner, and rejoice in days of idleness; for "he that does not work, let him not eat." For say the [holy] oracles, "In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat thy bread." But let every one of you keep the Sabbath after a spiritual manner, rejoicing in meditation on the law, NOT in relaxation of the body, admiring the workmanship of God, and not eating things prepared the day before, nor using lukewarm drinks, and walking within a prescribed space, nor finding delight in dancing and plaudits which have no sense in them. And after the observance of the Sabbath, let every friend of Christ keep the Lord's Day as a festival, the resurrection-day, the queen and chief of all the days [of the week]. Looking forward to this, the prophet declared, "To the end, for the eighth day," on which our life both sprang up again, and the victory over death was obtained in Christ, whom the children of perdition, the enemies of the Saviour, deny, "whose god is their belly, who mind earthly things," who are "lovers of pleasure, and not lovers of God, having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof." These make merchandise of Christ, corrupting His word, and giving up Jesus to sale: they are corrupters of women, and covetous of other men's possessions, swallowing up wealth insatiably; from whom may ye be delivered by the mercy of God through our Lord Jesus Christ! (Epistle of Ignatius to the Magnesians, Chapter IX)

#28. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

"On the day of the preparation, then, at the third hour, He received the sentence from Pilate, the Father permitting that to happen; at the sixth hour He was crucified; at the ninth hour He gave up the ghost; and before sunset He was buried. During the Sabbath He continued under the earth in the tomb in which Joseph of Arimathaea had laid Him. At the dawning of the Lord's day He arose from the dead, according to what was spoken by Himself, "As Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of man also be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. "The day of the preparation, then, comprises the passion; the Sabbath embraces the burial; the Lord's Day contains the resurrection." (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians, chapter 9)

#29. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

If anyone fasts on the Lord's Day or on the Sabbath, except on the paschal Sabbath only, he is a murderer of Christ. (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Philippians, chapter 8)

#30. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

"This [custom], of not bending the knee upon Sunday, is a symbol of the resurrection, through which we have been set free, by the grace of Christ, from sins, and from death, which has been put to death under Him. Now this custom took its rise from apostolic times, as the blessed Irenaeus, the martyr and bishop of Lyons, declares in his treatise On Easter, in which he makes mention of Pentecost also; upon which [feast] we do not bend the knee, because it is of equal significance with the Lord's day, for the reason already alleged concerning it." (Ignatius, Fragments)

#31. 300 AD Victorinus:

"The sixth day [Friday] is called parasceve, that is to say, the preparation of the kingdom. . . . On this day also, on account of the passion of the Lord Jesus Christ, we make either a station to God or a fast. On the seventh day, he rested from all his works, and blessed it, and sanctified it. On the former day, we are accustomed to fast rigorously, that on the Lord's day we may go forth to our bread with giving of thanks. And let the parasceve become a rigorous fast, lest we should APPEAR to observe ANY Sabbath with the Jews . . . which Sabbath he [Christ] in his body ABOLISHED" (The Creation of the World).

#32. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:

"They did not, therefore, regard circumcision, NOR observe the Sabbath NEITHER do we; ... because such things as these do NOT belong to Christians" (Ecc. Hist., Book 1, Ch. 4)

#33. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:

[The Ebionites] were accustomed to observe the Sabbath and other Jewish customs but on the Lord's days to celebrate the same practices as we in remembrance of the resurrection of the Savior. (Church History Ill.xxvii.5)

I will also add that the Ebionites were Christians who were seduced by the Jews to keep the Jewish customs. In other words, the Ebionites were Judaized Christians. The Ebionites also taught the need to be circumcised in the flesh in order to be saved. Some today would not even consider Ebionites as being true Christians since they went back to trusting the Law of Moses to be saved.

#34. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:

"They [the pre- Mosaic saints of the Old Testament] did not care about circumcision of the body, neither do we [Christians]. They did not care about observing Sabbaths, nor do we. They did not avoid certain kinds of food, neither did they regard the other distinctions which Moses first delivered to their posterity to be observed as symbolsnor do Christians of the present day do such things" (Church History 1:4:8).

#35. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:

"The day of his [Christ's] light . . . was the day of his resurrection from the dead, which they say, as being the one and only truly holy day and the Lord's day, is better than any number of days as we ordinarily understand them, and better than the days set apart by the Mosaic Law for feasts, new moons, and Sabbaths, which the Apostle [Paul] teaches are the shadow of days and not days in reality" (Proof of the Gospel 4:16:186).

#36. 345 AD Athanasius:

"The Sabbath was the end of the first creation, the Lord's day was the beginning of the second, in which he renewed and restored the old in the same way as he prescribed that they should formerly observe the Sabbath as a memorial of the end of the first things, so we honor the Lord's day as being the memorial of the new creation" (On Sabbath and Circumcision 3).


Be not careless of yourselves, neither deprive your Saviour of His own members, neither divide His body nor disperse His members, neither prefer the occasions of this life to the word of God; but assemble yourselves together every day, morning and evening, singing psalms and praying in the Lord's house: in the morning saying the sixty-second Psalm, and in the evening the hundred and fortieth, but principally on the Sabbath-day. And on the day of our Lord's resurrection, which is the Lord's day, meet more diligently, sending praise to God that made the universe by Jesus, and sent Him to us, and condescended to let Him suffer, and raised Him from the dead. Otherwise what apology will he make to God who does not assemble on that day to hear the saving word concerning the resurrection, on which we pray thrice standing in memory of Him who arose in three days, in which is performed the reading of the prophets, the preaching of the Gospel, the oblation of the sacrifice, the gift of the holy food? (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 2)


"How We Ought to Assemble Together and to Celebrate the Festival Day of Our Saviour's Resurrection. On the day of the resurrection of the Lord, that is, the Lord's day, assemble yourselves together, without fail, giving thanks to God, and praising Him for those mercies God has bestowed upon you through Christ and has delivered you from ignorance, error, and bondage, that your sacrifice may be unspotted, and acceptable to God,..." (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 7)

#39. 350 AD Cyril of Jerusalem:

"Fall NOT AWAY either into the sect of the Samaritans or into Judaism, for Jesus Christ has henceforth ransomed you. Stand aloof from ALL observance of Sabbaths and from calling any indifferent meats common or unclean" (Catechetical Lectures 4:37).

#40. 360 AD Council of Laodicea:

"Christians should NOT Judaize and should NOT be idle on the Sabbath, but should work on that day; they should, however, particularly reverence the Lord's day and, if possible, not work on it, because they were Christians" (canon 29).

#41. 387 AD John Chrysostom:

"You have put on Christ, you have become a member of the Lord and been enrolled in the heavenly city, and you still grovel in the Law [of Moses]? How is it possible for you to obtain the kingdom? Listen to Paul's words, that the observance of the Law overthrows the gospel, and learn, if you will, how this comes to pass, and tremble, and shun this pitfallWhy do you keep the Sabbath and fast with the Jews?" (Homilies on Galatians 2:17).

#42. 412 AD Augustine:

"Well, now, I should like to be told what there is in these Ten Commandments, except the observance of the Sabbath, which ought NOT to be kept by a Christian . . . Which of these commandments would anyone say that the Christian ought not to keep? It is possible to contend that it is not the Law which was written on those two tables that the apostle [Paul] describes as 'the letter that kills' [2 Cor. 3:6], but the law of circumcision and the other sacred rites which are now abolished" (The Spirit and the Letter 24).

#43. 597 AD Gregory I:

"But after that, the grace of Almighty God, our Lord Jesus Christ, has appeared, the commandments of the Law which were spoken figuratively cannot be kept according to the letter. For if anyone says that this about the Sabbath is to be kept, he must need to say that carnal sacrifices are to be offered. He must say too that the commandment about the circumcision of the body is still to be retained. But let him hear the apostle Paul saying in opposition to him: 'If you be circumcised, Christ will profit you nothing' (Gal. 5:2)" (Letters 13:1).

Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies I gave links to at the beginning of this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below. Also below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.

          Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

        Brother Mark.