KEEPING of the SABBATH on SATURDAY?
Some Christians may be totally unaware of the controversy among some of the brethren over which DAY of the week that we, as true born again believers in Jesus Christ, are to worship our Lord. Some brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ are not aware of the beliefs of others who would dogmatically demand that, SUNDAY worship is of the Devil, and it is the SABBATH day, the SEVENTH day of the week, that we are to keep Holy unto the Lord!
Now I myself like most Christians was raised in church that worshiped God on Sunday, so therefore I have always worshiped God and his Son Jesus on Sunday. And thus for a long period of my life I myself was as well totally and completely unaware of other Christians, who dogmatically insist and demand that SATURDAY, the 7th day of the week, is ONLY day of the week that a true Christian can truly honor the Lord, because they claim that the SABBATH is the LORD'S DAY and therefore they concluded that to worship God the Father or his Son Jesus on Sunday is a SIN, because Christians, who do not keep the "SEVENTH DAY" as Sabbath day are breaking the 4th commandment.
So then, when I did first learn of the Seventh Day Advent church I was told by the church that I had attended at the that time in my life that Sabbath keeping churches were a cult. Therefore at that time in my life I simply accepted what the church that I was attending at the time as being the truth. So therefore I concluded that the Seventh Day Adventist and all other churches who keep the Sabbath day as being keepers of the Old Testament laws such as circumcision which has been abolished by the cross of Jesus.
Now I myself have never once been convicted by the Holy Spirit that I am sinning for worshiping God on SUNDAY as opposed to keeping the "SEVENTH DAY" as a Sabbath day. However, because of all the controversy between dear brothers and sisters in the Lord, I felt impressed of the Holy Spirit to do an in depth study on this subject for myself. So then, chances are you are here reading this study because you have questions about what you have been TAUGHT by the church that you attend. In other words, you are either a Sabbath keeper, who have doubts about the teachings in your church and you want to know the truth of the whole word of God. OR you are a Sunday keeper and you are wondering if you are sinning by not keeping the Sabbath day. Now it may be that you are just curious and simply want to know the truth. What ever the case may be let us begin this study in God's word to learn what the early church taught and practiced following what the Bible ITSELF teaches us. Did the early church keep Sunday, the Lord's day, the FIRST day of the week, or did the early church keep the "SEVENTH DAY" as their Sabbath day of rest?
So then, the question of this study in God's word is which DAY is the Lord's DAY according to the WHOLE word of Almighty God? Is SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week, the LORD'S DAY or is SATURDAY, the seventh day, the day in which God ordained for REST, the LORD'S DAY?
Let us begin this study in God's word by reading the ONLY place in the Bible were the phrase "the Lord's day" is found. But before we begin I would like to point out to ALL the brethren that it is ONLY our dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ, who dogmatically demand that the early church kept the SABBATH day by worshiping God on the SEVENTH DAY, who have how made the meaning of the word "Sabbath" to mean the LORD's DAY, the day that Jesus rose from the dead. In other words, to those who have always worshiped God on Sunday there has never been any question as to whether or not that Sunday was indeed the Lord's day.
Also I would like to point out that it is ONLY the Sabbath keepers who FOCUS only on the meaning of the word "Sabbath" to mean the SEVENTH day of the week. But the TRUTH of the matter is that the word "Sabbath" actually means "REST" and NOT the SEVENTH day. Yes in Genesis we do indeed read from many translations of the original text that God RESTED on the SEVENTH day, but the literal translation reads in the present tense showing that God will be ceasing "IN" the seventh day pointing to the yet future seventh 1000 year long day known as the Millennial reign of Jesus or the 1000 year reign of Jesus. God is still yet working on his creation. And we also read in the ten commandments of God he instructed the children of Israel to WORK SIX days and then REST on the SEVENTH day. Thus God's FOCUS was more on the RESTING after six days a week rather than upon which DAY of the week his people were to REST.
And thirdly seeing that God's focus for even having a "Sabbath day" at all is REST, I want my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ, to know that the true spiritual PURPOSE of REST on the Sabbath day was FIGURE, a TYPE, or SHADOW of God's people future REST that was prophesied to come pointing to Jesus. You see dear child of God, Christians ENTER that REST the very moment when they accepted Jesus as their ATONEMENT for their sins. Jesus said in Matthew 11:28,
"Come unto me all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you REST."
In other words, Jesus is our Sabbath or REST. We will go deeper into this truth of Jesus being fulfillment of the scriptures of already entering into our REST further on in this study, and I also have an in depth study called "IS JESUS OUR SABBATH REST?", but for now I want to point out some other sound Biblical facts about the early church gathering together on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week, and the CONNECTION of the SABBATH meaning REST or CEASING from our OWN works of righteousness as opposed to dogmatically man made meaning or focus of Sabbath being on the SEVENTH DAY only. In other words, let us remove man's FOCUS of Sabbath being a "DAY" of rest so we can see the true God intended spiritual meaning of RESTING in God to become HIS work of righteousness by ceasing from our OWN works of righteousness. Again the true meaning of the word Sabbath is CEASING, the ending of WORKS, to REST.
You see my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ, the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible, ALSO clearly teaches us that the were seven non weekly Sabbaths where some of which NEVER fall on the SEVENTH "day" of the week. This again shows that the word "Sabbath" means REST and NOT the seventh "day" as many dogmatically demand. The day of Pentecost for example, which WAS and still IS a SABBATH day for the JEWS, was always observed on the FIRST day of the week. Now to ME, this has GREAT significance seeing that the CHURCH was FOUNDED on that VERY DAY, the FIRST DAY of the week. You have to realize and understand that when one becomes a Christian they do NOT become a Jew. The Bible itself clearly teaches us that we as Christians are a NEW creation. We are no longer Jews or Gentiles.
With that being said let us now begin this study in God's word by reading Revelation 1:9,10, which is the ONLY verse in the Bible where we read the actual word's "the Lord's DAY". Please understand and know that the Lord's day is NOT to be confused with the Day of the Lord, which speaks of the coming wrath of Almighty God.
"I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.
10. I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,"
Now from just reading this ONE verse ALONE being viewed or interpreted APART from the WHOLE word of God there is simply NOT ENOUGH information to make a SOUND BIBLICAL judgment as to whether or not this "Lord's DAY" that John was caught up in the Spirit was on Saturday, the 7th day of the week, the day set aside for REST, called the SABBATH day, OR whether or not this "Lord's day" was on Sunday, the FIRST day of the week, which some Christians call the LORD'S DAY, because this is the day on which Jesus was raised from the dead. Please read the study called "WAS JESUS RESURRECTED ON SUNDAY?" for all the sound Biblical in depth evidence as to what day of the week Jesus was raised from the dead, but for now let us continue this study in God's word to learn the truth as to which day of the week the early church observed as the Lord's DAY.
So then, all we know for sure at this point in this study of God's word is that the Apostle John SIMPLY calls this DAY that he was caught up in the Spirit the LORD'S DAY, not really specifying as to which day of the week he was caught up in the Spirit. Please notice if you have not already taken note that I have been emphasizing the word "SPIRIT". The reason that I have emphasized the word "Spirit" is because of the words of Jesus, who taught us that God is seeking those who will WORSHIP him in SPIRIT and in TRUTH, and I myself find it interesting that the John calls the very day that he was CAUGHT UP in the SPIRIT as being the Lord's DAY.
The Bible teaches us that we are NOT to serve God in the "LETTER" of the law, but rather we are to serve God in the SPIRIT of the law. For example ISRAEL kept the feast of Passover to the LETTER of the law, but we, as Christians, now KNOW the true SPIRITUAL God intended meaning and purpose of the feast of Passover was a SHADOW pointing to Jesus, who has now become OUR Passover Lamb.
And thus, we as CHRISTIANS, do NOT keep the feast of Passover as the Jews under the old covenant, because we KNOW the true spirit meaning of why God gave the children of Israel the feast of Passover. To say this another way the feast of Passover was a TYPE of SHADOW of that which is true which was prophesied to come. So then when that which is true did come there is no need to continue to keep the Passover.
Can you not see dear child of God that the Passover was a feast day POINTING to Jesus being the LAMB of God to be slain for the sins of the people. Jesus is the FULFILLMENT of the feast day of Passover for Christians of the type or shadow of the true which was being TAUGHT to the Jews or Israel.
Now the Jews or Israel still yet keep the feast of Passover, because they have not RECEIVED Jesus as their sacrificial Lamb to cleanse them from their sins. In the same way some Christians have not yet RECEIVED the knowledge of the truth as Jesus as being their true spiritual SABBATH or true spiritual REST and therefore they feel that they must keep the Sabbath "day" of rest, which again is a type or shadow of pointing to the true, which was prophesied to come. Again we will cover some more scriptures on Jesus being our REST further on in this study, but for now I want to focus on WHY John spoke of there being a "LORD'S DAY".
So then, if we simply ask our self the question WHY? If we ask the question WHY did the apostle John refer to this particular DAY that he was caught up in the Spirit as the LORD'S DAY, then we can logically draw a conclusion by some other things that we definitely know about the Apostle John? One thing we know is that the apostle John most CERTAINLY KNEW without a doubt which day of the week was the SABBATH day, because everywhere in scripture, other than this ONE place in Revelation 10:1, when John spoke of the SABBATH day, the seventh day of the week, or any other yearly Sabbath day he always used the word Greek word "SABBATON", which is translated every single time as SABBATH or SABBATHS.
And YET on this particular DAY that he was caught up in the Spirit John chose to use the Greek words "KYRIAKOS HEMERA", which is the possessive form of the Greek word "KYRIOS" that is translated as Lord rather than Lord's with the possessive tense. The word "kyrios" can refer to either Almighty God the Father, or it may refer to his Son Jesus, or this word "kyrios" can also be used to refer to a lord as in one having authority over another, such as a land owner to a servant, a land lord. Thus we must depend on the context in order to know whom the Greek word "kyrios" is referring.
But on the other hand this Greek word "KYRIAKOS" that the apostle John SPECIFICALLY CHOSE to use is the possessive form of Lord, which is translated as LORD'S showing that this DAY belongs to the Lord, speaking of our Lord Jesus Christ.
How do we know this? This Greek word "KYRIAKOS" is used only two times in the entire New Testament, once here in Revelation chapter 1 and verse 10, and one time in 1 Corinthians 11:20 when referring to the Lord's SUPPER where the context speaks of our Lord Jesus Christ and does not refer to Almighty God the Father as being the Lord in either of these two cases.
So once again the Lord's supper is referring to a SUPPER that BELONGS to our Lord Jesus Christ, or a "DAY" that BELONGS to our Lord Jesus Christ called the Lord's DAY. Now in ALL the other times in the New Testament when the possessive sense for Lord is used in English the Greek word "KYRIOS" is always used as opposed to "KRYIAKOS", which is ONLY used on TWO occasions, which are in respect of a specific "DAY" of the week belonging to the Lord and a specific "SUPPER" belonging to the Lord where we were given the ordinance of communion as a remembrance of our Lord's death. For example the Lord's
death, the Lord's body, the Lord's sake all use the Greek word
"KRYIOS" rather than the Greek word "KRYIAKOS", which was used specifically by John only TWO times. Again I myself find this bit of evidence quite interesting.
So to me, these interesting FACTS point to the a sound Biblical fact that John wanted to DISTINGUISH the LORD'S SUPPER from the Old Testament PASSOVER meal.
And likewise John want to DISTINGUISH the LORD'S DAY from the Old Testament SABBATH day.
I want to take a little side journey for a moment and have you read the entire CONTEXT of 1 Corinthians chapter 11, verses 16 through 34, because I want you to understand the DIFFERENCE between the PASSOVER meal and the LORD'S SUPPER, and to truly understand this Bible TRUTH you need to understand the CONTEXT of verse 20.
Again, in order to properly understand this passage of scripture we need to consider the WHOLE CONTEXT of this entire chapter. Paul first addresses an issue of women having their heads covered when they pray in verses 1-15, which you can read on your own later. But for now I simply want to point out that in these verses Paul addresses an area of contention among the brethren of whether or not a woman's head should be covered when she prays.
After discussing the matter Paul CONCLUDES for the brethren to judge for themselves, because the CHURCH itself has NO such CUSTOM or specific set rule as to which way a women must pray. It is clear that Paul gives his own OPINION, but the FINAL judgment is for YOU to decide for YOURSELF, because the CHURCH as a WHOLE has NO such CUSTOM either way. You see at this point in time of the CHURCH all the Christians were Jews, who became Christians and they were DIVIDED among themselves, because the Jews, who were NOT Christians, were putting pressure on them to observe ALL the customs and laws of the OLD Testament.
In other words, Paul and the other disciples were still YET LEARNING what to do as the HOLY SPIRIT was leading them into all truth. It may surprise you, but the early church made some MISTAKES along the way as they were YET LEARNING what God wanted them to do. This is very important to understand and also to know that there was DIVISION in the early church as well. I teach more about the church yet LEARNING in these early days in some of my other studies more in depth so if you want to learn more on this subject I suggest reading the study "ACTS 10---PETER'S VISION".
But for now I would like you to please read 1 Corinthians 11:16-19, which starts off with a CLOSING statement of this controversy of whether or not a woman's head should be covered or not when she prays, and then in verse 17 we see Paul OPENING up with a DIFFERENT issue where Paul is very displeased with this church or fellowship of believers at Corinth.
"But if any man seem to be CONTENTIOUS (argumentative or in disagreement), we have NO such CUSTOM, neither the churches of God. (in other words, over this issue of a woman's head being covered or not when a woman prays, we apostles NOR does the church itself as a whole have ANY SET RULING on the matter, do what you feel is right in your OWN heart, but do not condemn others for the way they choose to pray whether their heads are covered or uncovered.)
17. Now in THIS (speaking of what Paul is about to cover next, in THIS) that I declare unto you I praise you not (or BUT in THIS ISSUE that I present before you next I find NO PRAISE for you, WHY?), THAT (or because) you come together NOT for the better, but for the worse. (WHY? Why is Paul is CONDEMNING the WAY that these believers in Corinth COME TOGETHER?)
18. FOR (or because) FIRST of all, when you come together IN the CHURCH, (Please note that it does NOT say when you COME TOGETHER in the SYNAGOGUE. The early CHURCH made a clear DISTINCTION between themselves and the JEWS. Yes it is true that there are verses in the Bible where the Apostles went into the synagogue, but their very PURPOSE for doing so was to PREACH the GOSPEL and to PURSUED the Jews to become BELIEVERS in Jesus Christ as their Messiah and become part of his CHURCH. It is made clear to us from the NEW Testament that believers in Jesus Christ came together in the CHURCH to worship God. In other words, the body of Jesus Christ met, assembled or came together to worship God in a DIFFERENT place OTHER than the SYNAGOGUE on the SABBATH day. The came together in the CHURCH.on the FIRST day of the week, which the early church called the Lord's day. Proof of this fact is given further on in this study with many quotes from early church writers. So then, Paul was saying that when you come together IN the CHURCH or in the church building, or in a house where you assemble to worship God) I hear that there be divisions among you; and I partly believe it.
19. For there must be ALSO heresies among you, that (or so that) they which are APPROVED may be made manifest among you.(in other words, the only reasons these HERESIES or FALSE teachings are among you is so that those teaching these things will be noticed and approved by others.)"
So FIRST of all Paul has heard that they have some DIVISIONS among them when they come together IN the CHURCH building. And then Paul says and I can believe this what I am hearing about you, because you squabble over whether or not a woman's head is covered when she prays. Please remember that Paul taught us that IN the CHURCH we have NO such custom to dogmatically demand that a women's head be COVERED when she prays. And then Paul states at the very end of his letter to the CHURCH at Cornith that he will address this OTHER issue or AREA of divisions among them, when he comes to them in person.
Again I want you notice in verse 18 that Paul is saying to the BELIEVERS that when we COME TOGETHER in the CHURCH, which teaches us a DIFFERENCE between the Jews of the Old Testament, who came together to meet in the SYNAGOGUE and the Christians, who come together for communion and to worship God in the CHURCH and NOT in the SYNAGOGUES of the Jews.
Paul then lays out in 1 Corinthians 11:20-34 how these believers at Corinth do NOT partake of the Lord's SUPPER in the proper way as our Lord Jesus Christ TAUGHT us to break the bread in REMEMBRANCE of how his BODY was broken for our physical bodily HEALING and to drink of the cup of wine in REMEMBRANCE of HOW Jesus shed his BLOOD for the forgiveness of our SINS. The LORD'S supper is a CHRISTIAN ordinance where ONLY BELIEVERS in Jesus Christ are taught to observe in REMEMBRANCE of the suffering and death of our LORD Jesus Christ.
And the early church observed this ordinance of taking communion or the breaking of bread, or the eating of the Lord's SUPPER on the LORD'S DAY, Sunday, the FIRST day of the week. Please read Acts 20:7 which clearly teaches us that believers in Jesus met on the FIRST day of the week to partake of the Lord's supper, which has come to be called the breaking of bread.
"And upon the FIRST day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight."
Paul goes on to teach us in 1 Corinthians about the Lord's supper that it is for this very REASON, being that we do NOT DISCERN the DIFFERENCE between how Jesus suffered in his PHYSICAL BODY to be BROKEN specifically for the HEALING of OUR PHYSICAL BODIES from how Jesus suffered the shedding of his BLOOD for the forgiveness or remission of our SINS, that for this very REASON of NOT discerning the DIFFERENCE between the broken BODY and the shed BLOOD that there are those in the church that NEEDLESSLY DIE PREMATURELY and suffer NEEDLESSLY sickness and disease in their PHYSICAL bodies. Please read the study "IT IS ALWAYS GOD'S WILL TO HEAL YOU!" for a deeper understanding on God's provision of physical healing, but for now let us continue studying these words of the apostle Paul and the early church.
"20. When you COME TOGETHER therefore into ONE PLACE (Again please notice that the word of TRUTH the Holy Bible does NOT say that when you come together therefore in the SYNAGOGUE, but rather the Bible clearly and plainly states that the early church came together in ONE PLACE. Or in other words Paul was saying that when you assemble yourselves together as a large body of believers into ONE PLACE), this is NOT to eat the Lord's supper. (the literal translation is, "Coming together therefore you into one place not it is the Lord's supper to eat." (Now to ME, I believe this should read, When you come together therefore into one place IS IT NOT to eat the LORD'S supper? In other words, Paul is saying, the REASON we come together is to eat the LORD'S supper in the WAY our Lord TAUGHT us and NOT as a COMMON supper that you eat in your homes.)
21. For (or BECAUSE) in eating every one takes before another his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken. (or in other words, the WAY that you come together and eat being hungry and getting drunk is NOT the WAY you should eat the Lord's` supper. Again Paul is making a DISTINCTION between the Old Testament Passover MEAL to the Lord's SUPPER where the CHURCH comes to together to remember our Lord's death by the breaking of bread and sharing a drink from the cup of wine. Remember that Jesus has fulfilled the feast of Passover by becoming our Passover Lamb and for this reason the church no longer keeps the Old Testament feast of Passover under the old covenant knowing that Jesus is the fulfillment of this type or shadow or the true which was prophesied to come.)
22. WHAT? (or what are you thinking by gorging yourselves with a big meal when some have nothing to eat and getting drunk on wine when Jesus taught us to take just a drink of wine to remember his shed blood? Now you can see why the apostle Paul was NOT at all pleased with this church at Corinth.) Have you not houses to eat and to drink in? Or despise you the CHURCH of God (again NOT the SYNAGOGUE of the JEWS where the Jews kept the Sabbath day, but rather distinguishing that they were despising the CHURCH), and shame (or and also bring shame upon) them that have not? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you in this? I praise you not. (Now I myself believe that Paul was NOT condemning the eating of a meal when Christians come together, but RATHER Paul was teaching us the DIFFERENCE between the PASSOVER meal under the old covenant in COMPARISON to the LORD'S SUPPER in which during or rather after the PASSOVER MEAL Jesus took bread and wine and instituted a symbolic ordinance of REMEMBRANCE of his death. I say this because some wrongly teach that it is a sin to eat in a church building. Now I agree that it is disrespectful to eat in the sanctuary, but I do not consider it a sin. Again I believe that Paul was not teaching against eating a MEAL in the church building, but rather if a meal is to be eaten in the church, then plenty should be provided for those who have little or even nothing to bring to eat. But the main teaching of this passage of scripture is to show the DIFFERENCE between the Lord's supper and the Passover MEAL. There was a CHANGE from eating a full MEAL to the breaking of bread and sharing a drink from a single cup of wine. God is doing a NEW thing under a NEW covenant.)
23. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread: (speaking of AFTER the Passover meal Jesus then took bread to teach the new ordinance of communion)
25. After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the NEW testament in my blood (Some translations say, this cup is God's NEW COVENANT sealed in my blood): this do you, as often as you drink it, in REMEMBRANCE of me.
26. For as often as you EAT this bread, and DRINK this cup, you do show the Lord's DEATH till he come. (In other words, THIS, what Paul just told us in these verses, is the LORD'S SUPPER. Jesus taught his disciples THIS, the breaking of bread and the drinking of the cup of wine, is God's NEW covenant established with the shedding of my blood, THIS is HOW you should eat the LORD'S SUPPER. This is the NEW covenant that our Lord himself established with his CHURCH by his shed blood, death and resurrection.)
27. Wherefore whosoever shall
eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily,
shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. (Notice that there is no mention of preparing a LAMB and eating a PASSOVER lamb any more, but that the LORD'S supper is God's NEW COVENANT. Also please understand that ONLY believers in Jesus as the Christ are to partake in communion for only believers have been made worthy by the shed blood of the Lamb. In much the same way that ONLY the Jews were permitted to partake of the PASSOVER Lamb under the OLD covenant so also God's word teaches us that ONLY true born again Christians are made worthy to partake of the LORD'S supper, the breaking of bread, that is more widely known today as taking COMMUNION.)
28. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. (In other words, examine your heart and confess any sin and questionable area of your life before taking communion. And also closely consider any sickness in your physical body being already healed by the stripes Jesus bore in his body. I remember crying out to God saying that I cannot go through this pain again and God spoke back to me saying, "My Son did not bear those stripes in VAIN" and knowing in my heart that God was saying to me that all you need to do my son is to REST in me that you ARE already healed by the stripes my Son Jesus bore for YOU for the healing of your physical body. This is one of the few times that I was instantly healed. All the pain left and my eyes became filled with tears of great joy and thanksgiving. I was not literally taking communion at that moment, but I was spiritually DISCERNING or truly understanding in my heart that the broken and bruised physical body of Jesus was for the HEALING of our PHYSICAL bodies.)
29. For he that eats and drinks unworthily (or in UNBELIEF), eats and drinks damnation to himself, NOT DISCERNING the Lord's BODY. (damnation here does not refer to eternal damnation, but rather speaks of DISCERNING or judging in oneself whether they believe or they do not believe that the broken body of Jesus was for their physical healing. In other words, eating the broken bread at communion unworthily means eating the broken bread in unbelief that you are healed physically and thus you DISCERN or judge YOURSELF to remain sick by NOT discerning the Lord's body broken for YOU.)
30. For THIS CAUSE many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep (or die prematurely. Through the years I have heard many testimonies of Christians being HEALED while taking communion. The Bible teaches us that BY his STRIPES that Jesus bore just before he was crucified on the cross we are HEALED. So the Bible teaches us that PHYSICAL HEALING to our bodies has been provide for us in the ATONEMENT of Jesus. Paul is saying that for THIS CAUSE of NOT RIGHTLY DISCERNING or understanding the difference between the suffering of our Lord's BODY and the shedding of our Lord's BLOOD that many Christians remain sick and even die prematurely for LACK of knowledge that HEALING is provided for us in the ATONEMENT for mankind. We must BELIEVE that Jesus died for our sins and in like manner we must also BELIEVE that with his STRIPES we ARE HEALED in our physical bodies).
31. For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. (examine ourselves and repent of any sins we may have committed. Living in a lifestyle of sin is definitely in my own opinion a door opener for the enemy to come in and oppress a believer with sickness and disease. So it is wise to repent speedily and confess our sins as soon as we are convicted by the Holy Spirit. This is judging ourselves BEFORE we are accused by our adversary before God, and then God must allow the enemy to oppress those living in sin which has not been confessed and repented. The devil knows when a Christian sins because he is the one who TEMPTS mankind to do evil.)
32. But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. (Sometimes sickness and disease are indeed a direct result or a CONSEQUENCE of sin so this is why we should repent immediately as the Holy Spirit prompts us to do. Now this is NOT to say that ALL sickness and oppression from the devil is because we have sin in our life, but I have found that examining our hearts openly and honestly before the Lord often reveals that at times sin is the cause that opens the door to the enemy to oppress us.)
33. Wherefore, my brethren, when you come together to eat, tarry one for another. (Here again Paul is not speaking of coming together to eat a full MEAL, but rather he is referring back to the eating of the LORD'S supper, the breaking of bread. To my knowledge the early church used LOAFS of unleavened bread and they broke the loafs in half sharing the other half with a brother or sister in the Lord next to them, who broke off a piece and passed to remaining part on to another beside them and so forth. So there was more bread than we have today in many churches where we now use a small wafer of bread, but not a full meal of bread or any other full meal like the Passover meal. Also to tarry for one another means to wait and give others time to examine themselves before God to repent of any sins they may not have confessed.)
34. And if any man hunger, let him eat at home (again showing the the LORD'S supper in NOT a full Passover meal as in the OLD Testament); that you come not together unto condemnation.(in other words, if you feel condemnation from the Holy Spirit do not casually or flippantly take communion trying to hide your sin. It would be better to not take communion at all that day rather than to take communion knowing that you are under condemnation of sin by the Holy Spirit prompting you to repent and confess your sin. You do not have to confess you sin openly before the whole congregation. Some teach that you must, but the Bible itself does not teach this as a MUST.) And the rest will I set in order when I come."
Again please notice that Paul refers to us as believers as the CHURCH of God. In other words, there is a DIFFERENCE between the OLD covenant given to God's people Israel and the NEW COVENANT put into FORCE or established by the shed blood of Jesus given to WHOSOEVER BELIEVES that Jesus is their Messiah, and that he died for their sins and that God raised his Son Jesus from the dead.
You see my dear brothers and sisters in the Lord, there is a DIFFERENCE between the PASSOVER meal and the LORD'S SUPPER, which many in the church today call COMMUNION or the BREAKING of BREAD and partaking of a sip of WINE or fruit of the vine in REMEMBRANCE of our Lord's bodily suffering, which included being beaten with stripes from a whip for our healing AND our Lord's death, or his shedding his blood for the forgiveness of not only our sins but also forgiveness of the sins of the whole world.
I know that verse 20 in the King James Version on the surface may sound like Paul is saying at first that when you come together it is NOT for the reason of eating the LORD'S SUPPER, which some Christians misunderstand and think Paul is saying the we should NOT take COMMUNION when we come together, which would CONTRADICT the WHOLE word of God. When I say the whole word of God I am speaking of any other part of God's word which CONTRADICTS what one interprets a verse to mean. So to INTERPRET these words of Paul to dogmatically mean that it is wrong to take communion when we come together in the church CONTRADICTS other parts of God's word.
Please read 1 Corinthian 10:16-18, which says,
"The cup of blessing which we bless IS IT NOT the COMMUNION (or the Lord's supper) of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, IS IT NOT the COMMUNION (or the Lord's supper) of the body of Christ? (you see, we have this SAME phase "IS IT NOT", which somehow got TRANSLATED as "IT IS NOT" in 1 Corinthians 11:20 that we just read. I say this because some Christians say, Well you are CHANGING the word of God, because they do not understand that the ENGLISH we read is a TRANSLATION of the Greek in which the word of God was originally written in the New Testament. So I am not changing what the original text teaches us when correctly translated by the CONTEXT. So then, from the CONTEXT of 1 Corinthians chapter ELEVEN you can clearly see that the phrase "IT IS NOT" makes NO SENSE when compared with other scripture, which plainly teach us that we are in fact instructed to take communion when we come together. So then, CLEARLY most Christians do indeed understand that the LORD'S SUPPER is NO LONGER a full Passover meal using a LAMB without spot or blemish to be eaten every bit with nothing remaining as they did in the Old Testament under the OLD covenant, which was given to the children of Israel as a SHADOW pointing to the coming of Jesus to be our sacrificial LAMB that was SLAIN from before the foundation of the world in God's mind's eye as his PLAN to redeem mankind back to himself. So it is my pray that you who are reading this study may also you see the DIFFERENCE between the PASSOVER meal and the NEW TESTAMENT ordinance of the LORD'S SUPPER. Remember that the Holy Spirit inspired the writers of the New Testament to CHOSE the words that he wanted them to write and the writers chose to use the Greek word "KYRIAKOS" only TWO times in the entire New Testament showing us the importance of the LORD'S SUPPER and the LORD'S DAY as being connected and special for the CHURCH. So just as the Lord's SUPPER is clearly seen as being DIFFERENT from the Passover MEAL we can also clearly see that the Lord's DAY is a DIFFERENT day than the seventh day Sabbath day by the mere fact of John carefully choosing of the Greek word "KYRIAKOS".)
17. For we being many are one BREAD, and one BODY: for WE (speaking of believers in Jesus Christ, the CHURCH) are all PARTAKERS of that ONE BREAD (speaking of Jesus who suffered and whose body was broken and SACRIFICED for the whole world, especially for us who BELIEVE).
18. Behold ISRAEL after the FLESH: are not THEY which eat of the sacrifices (speaking of the MANY PASSOVER sacrifices that they offer from year to year, which were a SHADOW or type of the Jesus becoming the PASSOVER LAMB that the JEWS have not yet come to understand and therefore remain to this day to be) PARTAKERS of the altar?"
In other words, just as ISRAEL, who AFTER the FLESH still keep the PASSOVER are therefore partakers of the PASSOVER of the OLD COVENANT. But you see NOW, after the CROSS, Jesus has now become OUR PASSOVER who BELIEVE that Jesus is the LAMB of God offered ONCE for our sins. And therefore Jesus CHANGED the OLD covenant to the NEW covenant by his shed blood, and thus FULFILLING the prophecies of scripture pointing to Jesus being the MESSIAH to put into FORCE the NEW TESTAMENT or a NEW COVENANT in HIS BLOOD, which he shed for our SINS to purge us and make us UNLEAVENED BREAD.
Likewise or in the same way, I believe that the LORD'S DAY is ALSO DIFFERENT than the SABBATH day of the OLD COVENANT, because the LORD'S DAY is kept in REMEMBRANCE of celebrating our Lord's RESURRECTION, which occurred on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week as opposed to taking place on the SABBATH day.
1 Corinthians 5:7,8 teaches us that the feast of the
PASSOVER is NOW kept in a DIFFERENT manner than it was under the OLD covenant in the OLD Testament. Also please keep in mind that the church was still yet learning and receiving revelation knowledge from the Holy Spirit. Many of the Old Testament ordinances that the church kept like we read in Acts chapter 10 where Peter is still yet keeping the Old covenant law to never eating anything that was unclean does NOT mean that the NEW Testament teaches us that we are to keep all the law written in the Old Testament to God's people Israel, because later we see this same Peter EATING foods with the Gentiles that were forbidden under the OLD covenant. Again please read the study called "ACTS 10---PETER'S VISION?" for a deeper understanding that the church was still yet LEARNING by VISIONS and revelation knowledge through the teaching of the Holy Spirit. They were still LEARNING how to PURGE OUT that OLD LEAVEN that they being mostly Jews early on in the birth of the CHURCH were taught all their lives. As they say old habits die hard or in this case old customs are hard to change. The word "LEAVEN" in the Bible is used as an analogy for doctrine or teaching and more specifically WRONG teaching or teaching that we should NOT follow. Jesus warns us not to follow the LEAVEN or the doctrine or teaching of the Pharisees. the Bible teaches us that we are to PURGE OUT the OLD LEAVEN that we are NO LONGER to follow.
"Purge OUT therefore the
OLD leaven, that you may be a NEW LUMP, as YOU are unleavened.
For EVEN Christ OUR PASSOVER is SACRIFICED for us:(in other words, Jesus Christ is NOW become OUR Passover that we are to keep as OUR LORD and SAVIOR has TAUGHT us at his last supper when he broke the bread and drank of the cup. We are to PURGE out the OLD teaching that was taught in the OLD Testament of eating the Passover meal, because we are a NEW lump of unleavened bread being IN Jesus Christ and we are to follow the teachings of Jesus to observe the NEW covenant to show the Jews that Jesus has become OUR PASSOVER.)
8. THEREFORE (or for this reason) let us keep the FEAST (or let us the CHURCH keep the PASSOVER in the WAY that our Lord TAUGHT us to keep the Passover. In other words, let us keep the FEAST by taking communion or the LORD'S SUPPER as often as we feel led to do so by the Holy Spirit in REMEMBRANCE that Jesus has died for our sins by becoming the LAMB of God.), NOT with OLD leaven,(or NOT in the way we were taught under the OLD COVENANT in the law of Moses to keep the FEAST of Passover) neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and TRUTH."
Paul uses the word "neither" to also include that we are not to have fellowship with sinners. Paul is not speaking of the world here, but rather he is addressing believers who are living in a lifestyle of sin as the ones we are not to have fellowship, as in, EXCUSING their sin. Please see the study on "IS SHUNNING BIBLICAL?" for the sound Biblical way we are to handle situations where a brother or sister in our congregation is living is sin.
Can you not see my dear brothers and sisters in the Lord, that this is NOT speaking of literal bread here, but rather is speaking of US, who have now been PURGED from our OLD LEAVEN or our PAST SINS to NOW become UNLEAVENED or WITHOUT SIN so that we can partake of the breaking of bread and the cup of wine with SINCERITY and TRUTH. This is why we are taught to tarry or wait fro each other to examine their self and confess their sins to God.
Jesus has become OUR Passover and NOW the CHURCH keeps the Passover feast as many times as a believer partakes of COMMUNION, the breaking of bread, also called in the Bible as eating the LORD'S SUPPER in the WAY that our Lord TAUGHT us to do in REMEMBRANCE of is death and resurrection. Also please know and understand that the Lord's supper is not to be observed just once a year as was the feast of Passover, but rather we can partake of the Lord's supper as OFTEN as we feel led of the Holy Spirit. A believer is free to take communion by his our herself alone without being gathered together with other believers. This taking communion as OFTEN as one so desires again clearly shows us the DIFFERENCE between the Lord's supper and the feast of Passover.
So then, what matters when we come together in the CHURCH to worship Almighty God? What truly matters is this; we must worship Almighty God and his Son Jesus in SPIRIT and in TRUTH.
Now to summarize just a little, we partake of COMMUNION, that is to say, we partake of the LORD'S SUPPER, the breaking of bread and drinking the sip of wine in REMEMBRANCE of our Lord's BODILY SUFFERING and his DEATH, thus or therefore it is his LIFE that we celebrate on the LORD'S DAY, the day that Jesus arose from the grave, which is the FIRST DAY of the week, speaking of SUNDAY, which most Christians call the LORD'S DAY.
So then once again, the OLD Testament Passover feast has NOW become the LORD'S SUPPER to a Christian in which we the CHURCH do REMEMBER our Lord's DEATH as OUR PASSOVER LAMB. And we the CHURCH have ENTERED into his REST, because we BELIEVE that Jesus was raised from the dead and we the CHURCH SHOW our belief in the RESURRECTION by our keeping the LORD'S DAY, the FIRST DAY of the week as our day of worship and praising God for the REST that he has provided us through the death and resurrection of his Son Jesus instead of keeping the Sabbath day as the Jews, which was given to the children of Israel as a SIGN pointing to Jesus.
To say this another way Jesus has become our SABBATH, our REST, which is what the Greek word "Sabbaton" actually means and to show the DIFFERENCE between the Jews and Christians the early church gathered together on the Lord's day to break bread in remembrance of our Lord's death and resurrection, because Jesus rose from the grave on the FIRST day of the week.
Now some Christians, who dogmatically teach that Christians must without fail keep the SABBATH day just as the JEWS in order to be saved, will argue and say that our Lord Jesus Christ did NOT rise from the grave on Sunday, but rather they try and argue that Jesus rose from the dead on SATURDAY the 7th day of the week, which is the SABBATH day. Therefore they try and argue that the SABBATH DAY is the LORD'S DAY.
The TRUTH of the matter is that the WHOLE word of God teaches us that Jesus was in the belly or the heart of the earth for three FULL days and three FULL nights and that it was only AFTER those three FULL days and those three FULL nights that Jesus was raised from the dead BEFORE sunrise on the FIRST day of the week AFTER the Sabbath day.
Please remember that each new day started at SUNSET and went to SUNSET the next day as the marking of the END of each day. So then, from SUNSET on FRIDAY evening to SUNSET on SATURDAY evening is called the Sabbath day. That leaves from SUNSET Saturday evening to SUNRISE on Sunday morning for Jesus to have risen from the dead. But Sabbath keeping Christians argue that Jesus was resurrection on Saturday the seventh day, the Sabbath day, which would require Jesus to have risen BEFORE SUNSET on Saturday and this does NOT agree with the whole word of God.
Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday and was laid in the tomb just before SUNSET, which would START the first FULL NIGHT that the body of Jesus would be in the tomb. That particular Thursdays that year, which began at SUNSET that Wednesday evening, was a HIGH Sabbath day or a yearly Sabbath and NOT the weekly Sabbath day being on a Saturday as many Christians have failed to understand saying that Jesus died on a FRIDAY. But in TRUTH Jesus was crucified on a WEDNESDAY and at SUNSET that Wednesday evening was the start of a HIGH Sabbath day that particular year, which would be the Biblical day of Thursday, because each day began with the NIGHT time at sunset.
So then, from EVENING to the MORNING on Thursday was the 1st FULL night that Jesus was laid in the tomb. Then from morning to evening or sunset that Thursday was the 1st FULL day. Then from sunset or evening on Thursday to the morning of Friday was the 2nd FULL night, then from morning on Friday to evening on that Friday was the 2nd FULL day. Remember that the Sabbath day BEGINS at SUNSET on FRIDAY evening and ENDS at SUNSET on SATURDAY evening.
Thus from sunset on Friday or from the evening on Friday to sunrise of the morning of SATURDAY, the WEEKLY Sabbath, was the 3rd FULL night or the first HALF of the Sabbath day. Then from the morning of Saturday on that weekly Sabbath to Saturday at SUNSET would be the 3rd FULL DAY and the END of the SABBATH day. AND as well it was the START of the NEXT day, which would be the START of the FIRST DAY of the week. So then, AFTER the three FULL days and three FULL night that the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible teaches us that Jesus would be in the grave or in the belly of the earth Jesus was raised from the dead on the FIRST day of the week.
The Bible says AFTER the third DAY that Jesus would rise from the dead. So then, just like the word of God clearly states Jesus rose from the grave BEFORE the sunrise of the FIRST day AFTER the Sabbath had ENDED, as well as also AFTER the FULL three days and the FULL three nights that Jesus said he would be in the heart of the earth as a SIGN to the Jews to BELIEVE that he is their MESSIAH. Please read the study called "WAS JESUS RESURRECTED ON SUNDAY? for all the scriptures that without a doubt prove that Jesus rose from the grave on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, which has come to be called the LORD'S DAY by most every Christian and the early church as proven by the early church writers as well. Please read the quotes from the early church writers at the end of this study and for many more quotes of our early church fathers please read the study called the "HISTORY OF SABBATH KEEPING CHURCHES".
Please understand that I do indeed realize that some Sabbath keeping Christians believe that to worship God on SUNDAY and to call SUNDAY the LORD'S DAY is equivalent of a Christian taking the MARK of the beast. Now for ME, when I first became aware that some Sabbath day churches were teaching such a ridiculous doctrine as other brothers and sisters in the Lord for taking the MARK of the beast simply because they worship God on Sunday I became unglued so to speak. There arose in me a righteous anger. I mean how far will some Sabbath keeping groups go to put fear in their congregation to keep them from searching for the truth and to subvert other Christians as well to be deceived by their incorrect interpretation of the scriptures
This is when I began to search the EVIDENCE of scripture, as well as EVIDENCE of the history of the early church from it's very beginning on the day of Pentecost, which to me clearly shows that Christians gathered together on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week, and they called this day, the FIRST day of the week, the LORD'S DAY in observance of our Lord being raised from the dead on the FIRST day of the week.
Back then the Jews did not NAME the days of the week like we do today, but rather they counted the days of the week from the weekly Sabbath day. So in the language of the Jews they would call Sunday the FIRST day of ONE of the Sabbaths, meaning that the day FOLLOWING the Sabbath day was the FIRST day of ONE of the Sabbaths or one of the many weekly Sabbaths or ONE day after the weekly Sabbath. The Jews also counted the weeks after the yearly Sabbath to the day of Pentecost, which is the FIFTIETH day after Passover that always falls on a SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week after ONE of the Sabbaths. The Bible scholars knew this and thus rightly translated the Greek texts to say the FIRST day of the week. This is another study in and of itself so we will not even attempt to get into the original Greek language on the verses that are translated as the first day of the week.
Again we will look at some history of the early church later at the end of this study in God's word, but for now let us continue this study in God's word by closely considering the fact that many of the things in the Old Testament were FULFILLED in Jesus Christ at his FIRST coming to SUFFER and DIE for the sins of the world. For example:
Jesus is our PASSOVER LAMB that was SLAIN for the sins of the WHOLE world.
But those Jews, who REJECT this word of TRUTH, this gospel or good news of this NEW COVENANT, and who make the CHOICE to REMAIN under the OLD COVENANT are therefore PARTAKERS of the OLD COVENANT and must KEEP EVERY jot and tittle of the OLD COVENANT to the LETTER of the LAW in order to receive forgiveness or a COVERING for of their sins. This therefore means the KEEPING of the LAW of offering animal sacrifices for the covering of sins, and the KEEPING of the LAW of circumcision in the flesh in order to be able to partake of the Passover meal. Also the keeping of the 613 ordinances and laws in the Torah must be kept to the letter of the law, which we know that NONE were nor yet are able to keep as clearly taught to us in Acts 15:10.
You see dear child of God, we all know that the devil deceives people by adding a little truth along with his lies. Now that Sabbath keeping churches that I myself have been made aware of all START with this little truth of keeping the commandments of God, where to them the commandments mean the TEN commandments, not considering the commandments Jesus taught us in the NEW Testament under the NEW covenant. And then they add more and more of the Old Testament laws that must be kept in order to please God. These Sabbath keeping churches are doing the very same thing that the early JEWISH Christians did at the founding of the church, who also did not understand that they were under a NEW COVENANT with NEW COMMANDMENTS. For a deeper understanding of these TWO DIFFERENT covenants please read the study "THE SABBATH REST IS A SIGN!"
But for now please read Acts 15:1-11 where we read that some of the Jews, who are now believers in Jesus Christ, but who had not YET learned to PURGE OUT that OLD LEAVEN, or the OLD doctrine, or the OLD teaching of the OLD Testament law of Moses where COMPELLING the Gentile believers to be CIRCUMCISED in the FLESH in order to be saved. Yes I said in ORDER to be SAVED, because this is what the Bible records as being what these Christians Jews were dogmatically teaching and compelling Christians to obey in order to be saved.
Now I realize that Sabbath keeping churches today do not come right out and say that keeping the Sabbath is a matter of SALVATION, but in truth the keeping of the MORAL commandments according to the whole word of God is indeed a matter of salvation. But the fourth commandment is NOT a MORAL commandment of God. Rather the fourth commandment was a SIGN as a shadow pointing to the true SPIRITUAL REST which come only through Jesus our Messiah. Please read the study "IS ONCE SAVED ALWAYS SAVED BIBLICAL?" for all the sound Biblical evidence that we as Christians must keep the MORAL commandments of God in order to inherit eternal life in the world to come, but for now let us read Acts 15:1-11 where Christian Jews were compelling Gentile Christians to be circumcised in order to be saved.
"And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, and said, EXCEPT you be circumcised AFTER the manner of Moses, you CANNOT be SAVED. (Please keep in mind that the Bible itself is NOT teaching that Gentile must be circumcised in order to be saved, but rather it is the JEWS, who became Christians, who were compelling Gentiles to be circumcised in order to be saved. So to INTERPRET these words to mean that the Bible itself teaches us to be circumcised in the FLESH as the Jews is like the JEWS saying that Jesus had devil and to believe the words of the JEWS over the WHOLE word of God. No this is NOT what the word of God teaches just because there is a single VERSE in the Bible saying these things. One verse does not teach us what the WHOLE word of God is teaching us. This is called taking things OUT of CONTEXT by quoting only what I highlighted in yellow above.)
2. When therefore Paul and Barnabas had NO SMALL dissension and disputation with them, they (these certain men) determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them (or both Paul and Barnabas and their group along WITH these CERTAIN men), should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question. (In other words, these Christian Jews were NOT satisfied with what Paul and Barnabas and the rest of the Christians were teaching them about certain laws and ordinances of the OLD Testament being FULFILLED in Jesus Christ so they wanted to take the matter to Jerusalem to see what the church at Jerusalem had to say regarding this matter of dispute.)
3. And being brought on their way by the church, they passed through Phenice and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles: and they caused great joy unto all the brethren.
4. And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the CHURCH, and of the apostles and elders, and they declared all things that God had done with them. (Again these early Christians did NOT hold their CHURCH meetings or gatherings in the SYNAGOGUE.)
5. But there rose up certain of the SECT of the Pharisees which believed (or certain of these men that were indeed believers in Jesus as their Messiah who came up to Jerusalem with Paul and Barnabas to settle this matter of CIRCUMCISION according the the law of Moses), saying, That it was NEEDFUL (or that it was necessary as a matter of salvation) to circumcise them, AND to COMMAND them to keep the law of Moses.(in other words, there were JEWS who indeed became believers in Jesus Christ, but they were still yet HOLDING on to the OLD LEAVEN of what they had been TAUGHT all their life as a JEW. They FALSELY believed that Christians MUST keep ALL the law of Moses, which would INCLUDE the keeping of the SABBATH day according to the LAW of Moses and being CIRCUMCISED in the flesh in order to be SAVED. But what did the CHURCH have to say on this matter?)
6. And the apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matter.
7. And when there had been much disputing, (proving that the early church was still yet LEARNING and receiving REVELATION knowledge from the leading of the Holy Spirit) Peter rose up, and said unto them, Men and brethren, you know how that a good while ago God made choice among us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should hear the word of the gospel, and believe.
8. And God, which knows the hearts, bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, EVEN as he did unto us (JEWS who BELIEVE);
9. And put no difference between us and them, PURIFYING their hearts by FAITH.
10. Now therefore WHY tempt you God, to put a YOKE upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were ABLE to BEAR?
11. But WE believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they." (That is to say, WE BELIEVE, in that, the WE includes, WE JEWS shall be SAVED BY our FAITH in Jesus even as the Gentiles are SAVED BY their FAITH in Jesus and that God did indeed PURIFY their HEART by their FAITH in Jesus WITHOUT being circumcised in the FLESH as we Jews.)
Now further down in this same passage of scripture we learn that James spoke up and said that it seemed good to the CHURCH and to the Holy Spirit that they should lay no greater burden upon these Gentile believers than to abstain from meats offered to IDOLS. Please read Acts 15:24-29, which teaches us the outcome of this matter of keeping ALL the law of Moses up to this point in time of the growth of the church was to lay NO OTHER BURDEN on BELIEVERS except to abstain from meat being offered to IDOLS. That means NO OTHER BURDEN or YOKE of the OLD Testament law and ordinances are to be placed upon believers in Jesus Christ was the decision of the CHURCH and the Holy Spirit. Now please keep in mind that the early church was STILL YET LEARNING and receiving revelation knowledge as what to do and not to do by the Holy Spirit, but at this point in time the ONLY burden that was to be placed on believers was to abstain from eating meat offered to IDOLS. Let us continue with verse 24.
24. "For as much as we have heard, that certain (or YOU have heard from a few believers) which went out from us have TROUBLED you with words, SUBVERTING your souls, (or leading you AWAY from the TRUTH causing the salvation of your souls to be in danger) saying, You MUST be circumcised, AND keep the LAW: to whom WE (the CHURCH) gave NO such commandment: (Now how can it get any plainer than this? The word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible, is clearly , plainly and in simplicity with absolute clarity teaching all Christians that WE, speaking of the apostles of Jesus, the leaders of the church gave NO such commandment that a Christian must be circumcise OR keep the LAW. This verse clearly teaches us that those who compel Christians to keep the LAW are SUBVERTING souls. Now I realize that this one verse in not the whole word of God and that the early church was yet learning what God desired to church to do and not to do, but this verse along with the rest of the NEW Testament clearly makes NO mention that Christian must without fail keep the Sabbath day as the Jews. Please read the study "ONLY NINE OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS?" for a deeper understanding of WHY the 4th commandment is NOT repeated or taught in the New Testament.)
25. It seemed good unto us, being assembled with one accord, to send chosen men unto you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul,
26. Men that have HAZARDED their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.(or have put their very lives in great danger to preach the TRUTH of the gospel of Jesus Christ to you)
28. For it seemed good to the HOLY GHOST, and to us, to lay upon you NO greater burden than these necessary things;
29. That you abstain from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from which if you keep yourselves, you shall do well. Fare you well."
Please notice that the WHOLE CHURCH was in AGREEMENT that NONE of the law of Moses was to be placed upon believers except these four things which pertained to meats offered to IDOLS. There is NO mention of of KEEPING the law of God concerning being CIRCUMCISED in the FLESH, NOR is there any mention of Christians KEEPING the SABBATH according to the law of Moses either at this church council at Jerusalem.
Now logically speaking this would have been the perfect place to teach the church that they were to keep the SABBATH day, and ALL the LAW of the OLD Testament IF SO BE that this is what Jesus and the Holy Spirit had truly taught his disciples and his APOSTLES. But yet there is NO mention of the church being commanded to keep the Sabbath day in the entire NEW Testament nor in the early church writers. However there are early church writings that clearly show that the early church did NOT keep the Sabbath day as the JEWS, which we will read at the end of this study in God's word.
Some may be thinking how or why would God do away with just ONE of his commandments while keeping the other nine commandments as being required to be kept? Well this question came to my mind as well so I did a thorough reading of the New Testament specifically looking for any hint of teaching that instructs us as Christians to keep the Sabbath day, which is the 4th commandment. Now I personally have found only nine of the ten commandments that are REPEATED and TAUGHT in the NEW TESTAMENT for the church to keep. Again please read the study "ONLY NINE of the TEN COMMANDMENTS?" for the scriptures that teach the church that we are indeed to keep only NINE of the ten commandments under the NEW covenant. Now some argue that there was NO need to mention keeping the Sabbath day because it was a way of life and EVERYONE kept the Sabbath day.
Well to this line of REASONING can only applies to JEWS who became Christians. The Gentiles Christians never kept the Sabbath day. For that matter ALL Jews also knew very well what the ten commandment said and in fact many could quote word for word the ten commandments as being part of their way of life so WHY did the writers of the NEW Testament even bother REPEATING and EMPHASIZING only NINE of the ten commandments? The reason is obvious for those who are truly seeking the truth of the whole word of God. The NEW Testament only repeats NINE of the ten commandments, because the early church worshiped God on the FIRST day of the week, LORD'S DAY, and thus they did not keep the Sabbath day as the JEWS. You see dear child of God a Christian does NOT become a JEW when they accept Jesus as their savior, but rather we become a NEW creature in Jesus Christ.
I mean think about it. The Jews hated the Christians and wanted to KILL them. So then, if so be that this line of REASONING that Christians came TOGETHER with the Jews in the Synagogues to keep the Sabbath and keep all the laws of Moses were true, then WHY were the Jews ready to KILL Christians. This make absolutely no sense.
The truth of the matter is that there is a DIFFERENCE between Christians and the Jews. We as Christians believe that Jesus is our REST and the Jews do NOT. Now SOME of the Jews, who became Christians were having difficulty UNDERSTANDING that Jesus is their REST, because of what they were previously taught being a JEW, so they were compelling Gentile Christians to be circumcised and to keep all the law of Moses in order to be being saved based upon what they were PREVIOUSLY taught as a JEW.
And as we have already seen this ARGUMENT has already been SETTLED. The word of God says that it seemed good to the HOLY SPIRIT and to the leaders of the church, the first apostles of Jesus, to give NO such commandment to keep all the law of Moses. Now clearly seeing from the word of TRUTH ITSELF that this matter has ALREADY been settled by the first Apostles of Jesus and the Holy Spirit HIMSELF, then by what authority do Sabbath keepers stand upon to try and overthrow what the Holy Spirit HIMSELF has settled and taught us under the NEW COVENANT? Jesus fulfilled the SIGN of the Sabbath by becoming our Sabbath REST just like Jesus fulfilled the law of circumcision to become our true spiritual circumcision and our true spiritual Passover lamb. God did not do away with anything not even sacrifice for sin, but rather Jesus became our sacrifice for sin,
Let me say this again. In the early church where it did not seem logical to some of the Jewish Christians for God to do away with circumcision and other ordinances in the Old Testament these FEW Jewish Christians were compelling other Christians to keep ALL the law of Moses in order to be saved.
Now we have a similar thing happening today. There are some Christians in the church of today that have been SUBVERTED by the teachings of Sabbath Keeping groups that falsely conclude that if the New Testament teaches us that we are to keep the TEN COMMANDMENTS of God, then WHY do we keep only NINE of the TEN commandments? Why not ALL TEN commandments? Why does the church NOT keep the FOURTH commandment of keeping the SABBATH day?
Well in TRUTH the church does keep the SPIRIT of the keeping of the Sabbath day, which is the REST that is given to us through the sacrifice that our Lord Jesus Christ made for us at the cross when Jesus became LORD of the Sabbath to become our SABBATH meaning that Jesus became our REST through FAITH. We are circumcised by FAITH and therefore circumcision in the FLESH is indeed still yet being kept by FAITH. You see our FAITH in Jesus fulfills the law of circumcision whereby the law of circumcision is now being kept SPIRITUALLY by FAITH meaning that God himself no longer accepts circumcision in the FLESH and ONLY accepts the keeping of the SPIRIT of the law. Now in the case of circumcision it is not possible to become uncircumcised in the flesh, but in the case of keeping all the ritual ceremonial laws it is possible to cease doing those works of the FLESH.
Sabbath keeping churches fail to understand that ONLY some of the laws under the OLD covenant are kept in force under the NEW covenant while all the OTHERS are either ABOLISHED or they are being kept by Christians in the SPIRIT of the law rather than being kept in the LETTER of the law of fleshly ceremonial ritual services. Think of it like this. When the United States separated from England we were FREED from the ALL the laws of England. But when the founders of this NEW country wrote the laws they did not ABOLISH ALL the old laws. In others words, SOME of the laws were kept, while others were indeed ABOLISHED.
In a like manner Almighty God has chosen to ABOLISH some of the OLD Testament laws and ordinances. And it is NOT so much that God has CHANGED anything, but rather that these TYPES and SHADOWS have been FULFILLED by the first coming of Jesus and the rest of the prophecies, types and shadows will be FULFILLED by the second coming of Jesus and the end of the 1000 year reign of Jesus. In the end there will be NO laws written down for us to keep, because ALL of what God desires us to do or not to do will be written upon our hearts and ALL WICKEDNESS will be destroyed. There will be NO TEMPTER, NO ENEMY of God any more. Only the RIGHTEOUS and RIGHTEOUSNESS will remain after the final judgment at the end of the 1000 year reign of Jesus. Eye has not seen nor ear has heard what God has prepare for those of us who love the Lord.
You see, SOME JEWS, who had not yet PURGED OUT that OLD LEAVEN, those OLD Testament doctrines of what they had been TAUGHT all their lives UNDER the OLD COVENANT to keep ALL the law of Moses, were subverting Gentile Christians to keep all the law of Moses. So then, it was these Jews, who became Christians, that were FALSELY compelling the brethren that they MUST be CIRCUMCISED and KEEP all the law of Moses in order to be SAVED. No matter how sincere they may have been does not take away the truth that they were DECEIVED by the enemy to SUBVERT the souls of true believers to lead them AWAY from the TRUTH. And part of the truth is that Jesus has become our Sabbath REST.
The New Testament teaches us that we are UNDER a NEW COVENANT. One of the things that Seventh Day Adventists and other Sabbath keepers like the Hebrews Root Movement and the 119 Ministries, who dogmatically demand that keeping of the Sabbath day is a MUST, is that they fail to keep in mind that Almighty God turned to a people, who were not his people after his own people rejected his NEW COVENANT.
These Sabbath keepers of today seem to have forgotten that the OLD COVENANT was given to God's people ISRAEL, who did not even keep God's OLD covenant, and that this was the very reason of why Almighty God established a NEW covenant in the shed blood of his beloved Son Jesus made upon BETTER promises.
You see my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ, Almighty God offered this NEW covenant to his people Israel FIRST, and then when they REJECTED so great a salvation to enter into his REST, God then turned to the GENTILES and offered them and US this same NEW covenant in order to provoke his people Israel to jealousy.
Now keep in mind that Israel or ANY JEW can still come to God, but in their coming they must come to God through his NEW covenant established in the shed blood of Jesus, because there is NO OTHER NAME given under heaven among men whereby we MUST be SAVED. Jesus is the ONLY WAY to Almighty God the Father. Every true born again Christian believes this TRUTH in God's word. We are SAVED BY FAITH and NOT BY WORKS or keeping all the law of Moses under the OLD covenant.
Now please read Hebrews 8:6-13, which teaches us that the OLD COVENANT has passed away.
7. For IF that first covenant had been faultless, THEN should no place have been sought for the SECOND (speaking of the SECOND COVENANT or the NEW COVENANT that Jesus ESTABLISHED by his DEATH and RESURRECTION).
8. For finding fault with them (speaking of Israel with whom Almighty God made a COVENANT with in the Old Testament under the OLD covenant), he says, Behold, the days come, says the Lord, when I will make a NEW COVENANT with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
9. NOT according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; BECAUSE they continued NOT in my covenant, and I regarded them NOT, says the Lord.
10. For this is the covenant (again the NEW COVENANT) that I will make with the house of Israel AFTER those days (speaking of BOTH after the FIRST coming of the promised MESSIAH where only some of Israel came to BELIEVE in Jesus as their Messiah, and ALSO after the age of the church at the SECOND coming of the MESSIAH, when a remnant of Israel RECOGNIZES Jesus as their Messiah and go into the 1000 year reign of Jesus in their mortal bodies), says the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:(now this NEW COVENANT began with the FIRST coming of Jesus to his people the Jews and when the majority of the Jews REJECTED this good news of no more bondage to the law of Moses such as no more animal sacrifices because God had wiped away there sins through the shed blood of his Son Jesus ONCE and for ALL time, then God turned to the Gentiles to PROVOKE them to JEALOUSY so that they would REPENT and turn to him once again. THEN at the SECOND coming of Jesus the Jews will then recognize Jesus as their MESSIAH and God will establish this NEW COVENANT with the remnant of Israel during the 1000 year reign of Jesus and all Israel, at least all of Israel living at that time who call upon the name of the Lord will be saved.)
13. In that he says, a NEW COVENANT, he (Almighty God HIMSELF) has made the first OLD. Now that which decays and waxes old is ready to vanish away." (So then, when Jesus comes again at his second coming, the old covenant will be vanished away entirely, because ALL who remain of Israel and the nations will KNOW without a doubt the Lord from the least to the greatest, and they will accept the NEW COVENANT by calling upon the name of the Lord to be saved alive to go into the 1000 year reign of Jesus in their MORTAL bodies. I myself find that ONLY the feast of the tabernacles will be kept by those in their mortal bodies during the 1000 year reign of Jesus, because Almighty God himself will not come down from heaven to TABERNACLE with mankind until the END of the 1000 year reign of Jesus. Clearly the NINE of the TEN COMMANDMENTS of God will still yet be taught to those in their mortal bodies during this 1000 year reign of Jesus, because this 1000 years or this 7th day is the DAY of REST that the Sabbath day of rest FORESHADOWED was to come that God established as an everlasting COVENANT with ISRAEL. Those who teach that Christians MUST keep the Sabbath day do so because God established this covenant with children Israel as an EVERLASTING covenant FOREVER, but what they have failed to see and understand that God's FOCUS is on the REST being eternal and NOT the SEVENTH day being eternal. Also they fail to see that God made the FIRST covenant with the CHILDREN of ISRAEL and NOT with the CHURCH. Please read the other related studies I have on this subject for all the verses that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that God id NOT make the OLD covenant written in the OLD Testament with the CHURCH.)
You see, we as Christians have ENTERED into our REST when we became a BELIEVER in Jesus as the Son of God who died for our sin. Now obviously we have not entered into our FULL reward of REST until we actually receive our reward of ETERNAL LIFE in the world to come AT the second coming of Jesus where the SECOND death will have NO power over us.
Of course we know that Israel, as a whole, has REJECTED this NEW COVENANT for NOW during the church age and because the JEWS rejected his so great a salvation God has partially blinded the eyes of his people Israel, until the second coming of Jesus, but this does not mean that Jews cannot be saved the same as Gentiles. But rather that, Almighty God has now turned to the Gentiles offering us this GOOD NEWS of having our sins purged and being brought into a COVENANT relationship with Almighty God, which we never had before this time and thereby INCLUDES us in this so great a salvation.
So again this does NOT mean that God has forgotten his people Israel. ANY Jew may still yet respond to this GOSPEL of Jesus Christ and become a Christian at ANY time just as ANY Gentile is offered this so great a salvation to enter into REST. But the JEWS as a WHOLE will NOT enter into this REST until the 1000 year reign of Jesus, which IS the PROMISED SEVENTH DAY of REST wherein a REMNANT of his people Israel will be given their PARTIAL REST as we as Christians have now and WE who are already IN Jesus Christ NOW will be given IMMORTALITY to enter into or FULL COMPLETE REST during the 1000 year reign of Jesus.
So you see dear child of God the command for the children of ISRAEL to observe the SEVENTH day to REST on the SEVENTH day was a TYPE or shadow of the SEVENTH 100 year long day of the Lord, the 1000 year reign of Jesus, where the REMNANT of Israel will enter into REST. BUT it will be a "PARTIAL" rest seeing that they will not yet be given immortality UNTIL they are found to be faithful unto the end. Their full rest will come at the second resurrection an the END of the seventh 1000 year long day if so be they are found faithful unto death or at the end of the 1000 year reign of Jesus which ever comes first.
So to all Jews. Gentiles and Christians be READY now by being found faithful IN Jesus Christ in order to receive eternal life AT the second coming of Jesus.
Can you not see dear child of God, that the FOCUS of the Sabbath day is to enter into REST. It is not about being so dogmatic for God's people resting on a SPECIFIC day of the week as what God had in mind or intended, but rather God's FOCUS was on his people RESTING from their works after six days of work have ended. The Bible teaches us that a DAY with the LORD is as a thousand years and a thousand years is as a DAY. We are nearing the end of 6000 years since the fall of Adam which on God's time table is near the end of the SIXTH day or the sixth 1000 year long day just before the SEVENTH day of REST where all that REMAIN of mankind will enter into God's REST.
Can you not see that the WORKING by the sweat of our brow was a consequence of SIN and when we accept Jesus as our savior our SINS are forgiven and we enter into REST, the REST that we find ONLY in Jesus Christ as our ATONEMENT for sin. Most Christians UNDERSTAND that Jesus is our REST.
The early church understood this truth and the HISTORY of the early church writers clearly and plainly teaches us that they did NOT keep the SABBATH day as the JEWS, but rather the early church worship God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week that they called the LORD's day or the EIGHTH day making it perfectly clear that they did NOT keep the Sabbath day as the Jews.
At the end of the 1000 year reign of Jesus the FAITHFUL Jews and the Gentiles who were in the MORTAL bodies being taught about the Lord will be given ETERNAL LIFE and enter into their reward of complete full ETERNAL REST in the ages to come where there will be NO WORK to rest from. No I cannot prove this without a shadow of a doubt, but if we work backwards and go back to the garden of Eden God's we see that creation of mankind did NOT WORK by the SWEET of their brow and therefore since work did not create sweat on the brow before the fall then why would not WORK be permanently done away with in the ages to come? At least work as we know it today. This is just a side issue to ponder upon and it does not matter in regards to salvation.
My main point is that Sabbath Keepers have in their minds that rest MUST mean absolutely no PHYSICAL work so they fail to see that Jesus is our SPIRITUAL REST where we REST from our OWN WORKS of righteousness. They fail to see that the children of Israel under the OLD covenant had NO Jesus, NO Messiah, and ONLY had their OWN WORKS of righteousness. Jesus said the the Sabbath was made FOR man and NOT that man was made FOR the Sabbath.
Now the reason of WHY the punishment was so SEVER is that it was a SIGN or a SHADOW pointing to JESUS, who would become the ONLY name under heaven given among men whereby we MUST be saved. In other words, NO Jesus NO REST. The Jews can keep the PHYSICAL Sabbath rest perfectly and it will never given them their TRUE SPIRITUAL REST.
Anyway AT the second coming of Jesus the REMNANT of Israel who survived the WRATH of God will recognized Jesus as their MESSIAH and then that REMNANT of Israel will ACCEPT this NEW COVENANT as well as many of the Gentiles of the NATIONS who have survived and remain alive after the WRATH of God. To say this another way, that yet future day in the world to come, all NON believers in Jesus who have survived the WRATH of God will call upon the name of the Lord to be saved just as some of the Jews and many Gentiles have already done throughout the history of the church in this PRESENT age.
In other words, we who are in this present age, who call on Jesus, are saved, but we have NOT yet received our immortal bodies, but rather we have only ENTERED into REST. Thus those who call on the name of the Lord AFTER the rapture will be saved ALIVE to go into the 1000 years in their MORTAL bodies to be taught of the Lord. So they are SAVED, in that they have accepted Jesus, but the DEADLINE to accept Jesus in order to receive eternal to rule and reign WITH Jesus DURING the 1000 years is BEFORE the RAPTURE of the church.
What I mean by this is that at that point in time the rapture of the church will have ALREADY occurred and it will be too late for them to receive eternal life AT that time, because they were NOT true born again faithful Christians BEFORE the rapture. Therefore when they call upon the name of the Lord AFTER the rapture of the church they will be saved, AS IN, saved ALIVE in their MORTAL bodies to go into the 1000 year reign of Jesus to be taught of the Lord. And then if so be that they are found to be faithful unto the end they will receive eternal life and JOIN us who receive eternal life BEFORE the 1000 year rear of Jesus AT the second coming of Jesus.
In other words, right NOW we as Christians have indeed ENTERED into our spiritual REST, but we have not yet received eternal life, which we will not actually receive until we are found faithful when we die our when Jesus returns at his second coming, which ever comes first a Christian dying or the second coming. And likewise in a similar manner all NON Christians who survive the wrath of God AFTER the rapture, which is when we who are Christians NOW are given immortality AT the second coming of Jesus, will also be saved ALIVE in their MORTAL bodies and will not be given eternal life until they also are found to be faithful unto the end and the resurrected in the SECOND resurrection at the END of the 1000 year reign of Jesus.
Now the end for US means the end of a person's mortal physical life, and the end also means the second coming of Jesus, because some who are in Christ being found worthy to receive eternal life will remain ALIVE at the second coming of Jesus. So then, the end for them be likewise where some will not actually physically die, but rather their mortal bodies will be changed in a moment and a twinkling of an eye at the END of the 1000 year reign of Jesus.
For US in this present world the dead in Christ shall rise FIRST and then ALL who are IN Jesus Christ shall be changed of given immortality at the second coming of Jesus. Please read all the studies related to the second coming of Jesus for all the scriptures and a deeper understanding on that subject for I am getting off track.
Getting back to the subject at hand my point is this, while the majority of JEWS still keep the OLD covenant, the CHURCH is taught to KEEP the NEW COVENANT, which means that we, as BELIEVERS in Jesus, no longer partake of the PASSOVER feast in the same manner as the JEWS are taught in the OLD Testament. Nor do we as Christians KEEP the SABBATH in the SAME manner as taught in the law of Moses under the OLD COVENANT.
We, the church, see and understand that Jesus has become our SPIRITUAL REST and we REST in JESUS for the remainder of our physical life or until Jesus returns, because Jesus has already FULFILLED the type or shadow of the SABBATH REST by becoming our ATONEMENT for our sins. We have now become God's workmanship and thus we are to CEASE for our OWN works of righteousness to REST in Jesus.
Now before anyone takes this the wrong way let me make it perfectly clear that we are commanded in the NEW Testament under the NEW covenant to keep all the MORAL laws of God, but NOW we have HELP. We have the Holy Spirit dwelling IN us to EMPOWER us to live without sin by FAITH believing and RESTING on the PROMISES of God. We BELIEVE on the promises of God and then God does the WORK to perform his OWN word and thereby eliminating all sin of BOASTING.
Now I am not Sabbath keeper such as a Seventh Day Adventist (or SDA as it is commonly abbreviated) nor have I ever attended any Sabbath keeping church, so I do not know all that they teach. But I do know that the SDA or as some refer to as Sabbatarians teach that as TRUE believer in Jesus Christ you MUST KEEP the SEVENTH day of the week, which is SATURDAY, or the SABBATH as it is called in the Bible as the ONLY TRUE day to worship Almighty God. And some Seventh Day Adventist FALSELY teach that if a believer worships God on SUNDAY then they are SINNING. And still yet some Sabbath keeping churches goes as far to teach that Christians who worship God on SUNDAY have taken the MARK of the BEAST. One of the arguments they use is that SUNDAY is the day named after a day associated with the pagan worship of the SUN god.
Well in rebuttal to this, one could EQUALLY say that SATURDAY was ALSO named after a PAGAN day for worshiping the god of SATURN. Actually EVERY DAY of the week is named after a PAGAN god. So then, according to this kind of logic there is NO day that is worthy of worshiping Almighty God, because EVERY day is named after a PAGAN god.
Sunday = Sun's day
Monday = Moon's day: derived from the Anglo-Saxon monandaeg,
Tuesday = Tiu's day named after the Norse god of war, Tiu, or Tiw
Wednesday = Woden's day named to honor Odin, or Woden, chief god in Norse mythology.
Thursday = Thor's day named after Thor, Norse god of thunder.
Friday = Fria's day named after the Anglo-Saxon frìgedaeg; from Old High German Frìa, a goddess
Saturday = Saturn's day: named in honor of the Roman god Saturn.
Please see this link for Wikipedia for further information:
Now of course I personally do not believe that the
Seventh Day Adventists worship the PAGAN god SATURN, because they
just so happen to make the choice to assemble themselves together on
SATURDAY, any more than other BELIEVERS in the SAME body of Christ
worship a pagan SUN god, just because they assemble together to
worship Almighty God and his Son Jesus on SUNDAY.
Most Christians already know that SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week, is the DAY that the church has come together to worship and partake of the breaking of bread both in the NEW Testament and also throughout the history or the church. Again I will share more on the history of the church meeting on Sunday as opposed to Saturday later on in this study in God's word to answer the question, 'Which DAY is the CORRECT DAY to WORSHIP Almighty God? SUNDAY or the KEEPING of the SABBATH?'
Now in truth I myself find nowhere in the NEW Testament under the NEW covenant where we are command or taught to keep ANY SPECIFIC day of the week lest we sin. Please read the study "THE SABBATH, SUNDAY, OR NEITHER?"
But for now I will give you one quote from an early church writer named Barnabas who wrote in the year 100 AD to show you that the early church did NOT keep the seventh day Sabbath day as the Jews who were under the OLD covenant.
"We keep the eighth day [Sunday] with joyfulness, the day also on which Jesus rose again from the dead" (The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD 15:6-8).
Now this was long before the Roman Catholic church was SUPPOSEDLY to have made the change from the SEVENTH day Sabbath to the SUNDAY worship in the church.
So NO! A thousand times NO! The Roman Catholic church nor Constantine changed the Sabbath.
The early church did NOT keep the seventh day of the week as their Sabbath day. The early church was keeping the LORD'S DAY, the FIRST day of the week since the very beginning. This is WHY the apostle John wrote that he was caught up in the SPIRIT on the LORD'S DAY. Again more on the HISTORY of the church at the end of this study in God's word.
For now I have another point I would like to make which is this.
Do the Seventh Day Adventist or other Sabbatarians TRULY KEEP the SABBATH day HOLY to the LETTER of the LAW AS the Sabbath is outlined in SCRIPTURE under the OLD COVENANT?
Please do not misunderstand me as you read the following examples. I am not judging any one for worshiping God on Saturday, but rather I am simple asking these simple questions for you the reader, who is seeking the TRUTH, in order for you to judge your own motives for keeping the Sabbath day.
Are you doing so to try and please God. Are you keeping the Sabbath as a matter of salvation? Are you keeping the Sabbath following the law of God written in the Old Testament to keep ALL the law every jot and tittle of the law to the letter of the law? If your answer to any of these questions is yes, then in all honesty to yourself and to God are you truly trying to keep every jot and tittle of the law of God as outlined in the scriptures of the Old Testament under the Old covenant?
Now to ME if a Sabbath keeper does NOT keep the Sabbath ACCORDING to the exact way that is outlined in Scripture, then they are NOT TRULY keeping Sabbath day as commanded under the OLD covenant. In other words, to just have a church service on a Saturday is NOT keeping the Sabbath day according to the Scriptures under the OLD covenant. Here is what the OLD covenant REQUIRED as keeping the Sabbath:
#1. NO work done at ALL on the Sabbath. (Exodus 20:10; Leviticus 23:3; Jeremiah 17:21-22). So then do these modern day Sabbath keepers truly observe the Sabbath day according to the law of God written in the OLD Testament? Or do they CHANGE the WAY that they actually keep the Sabbath to fit their own needs of today? Under the OLD covenant just TRYING to keep the law was NOT sufficient. Break just ONE point and you broke the WHOLE law and were found guilty before God.
#2. In Numbers 15:32-36 if a man was caught collecting sticks on the Sabbath, then the punishment for DISOBEYING this fourth commandment according to the law was to be STONED to DEATH. To me, there is no doubt that this part of the law is still being kept by the Sabbath keepers of today, who SAY that they are keeping the Sabbath law. So then, I ask the simple question of what gives Sabbath Keepers the right to CHANGE this PART of the law of God NOT to punish those in their congregation, who are found guilty of WORKING on the Sabbath day, by STONING them to DEATH? I mean HOW can PART of the law be done away with while other parts of the law remain a requirement. Is this not the same line of reasoning that is used by Sabbath keeping churches as one of their main arguments for keeping the Sabbath day. Do not Sabbath keepers argue and say HOW can God do away with just ONE of his commandment while keeping the other NINE commandments as a requirement? Well how can Sabbath keeping churches pick and chose what part of the Sabbath stipulations they keep while NOT keeping ALL the requirements of keeping the Sabbath day as written in the Old Testament under the OLD covenant?
#3. No kindling of a fire. And according to #1, then NONE of your servants are to work in any manner also. (Ex. 35:3) So then, this means NO going to any restaurant, because the workers there in the restaurant are in fact your hired servants. You PAY them to cook the food FOR you so they are your servants and YOU are causing them to work for YOU when you eat out of the Sabbath. No food catering or fast food delivering aloud if you are a TRUE Sabbath keeper, because you are CAUSING another person to WORK for YOUR benefit on the Sabbath. It does not matter if they are ALREADY working for OTHERS. What matters is that they become YOUR SERVANT when you pay for their services.
#4. No traveling. Even your car being a combustion engine could be viewed as kindling a fire to do your work for you. (Ex. 16:29) If the place where you fellowship is more than a Sabbath day's journey, then even gathering together to keep the Sabbath would be breaking the Sabbath. You see how the LETTER of the law KILLS as the NEW Testament teaches us?
#5. No buying or selling or trading of any kind. (Amos 8:5; Nehemiah 10:31; 13:15,19) So then, if you run out of gas on your Sabbath day's journey then you had better leave you car until the next day, because buying gas on the Sabbath day would be breaking the law of God. Also no quick stop at the store to buy any desert or already prepared food for the Sabbath dinner on your way to the Sabbath meeting or on your way home.
#6. Do Sabbath keeping Christian farmers keep the Sabbath of rest for their land? Do Christians bankers, who are Sabbath keepers forgive the debt on the seventh year Sabbath or on the jubilee? I doubt any would have the AUTHORITY to do so and even if they did have the authority to forgive every ones debt I doubt that any would indeed KEEP this letter of the LAW to forgive every ones debt.
#7. Of course NONE of the sacrificial offerings are being kept according to the law of God written in the Old Testament, because there is NO TEMPLE or no continuing priesthood after the order of the Levites. Therefore it is IMPOSSIBLE to keep the Sabbath according to the LETTER of the law of God written in the OLD Testament under the OLD covenant on this point. This is WHY Christians in the church throughout history keep only the SPIRIT of law. Once again God did NOT do away with sacrifice for the forgiveness of sin, but rather established a HIS NEW COVENANT whereby HE provided his OWN sacrifice for the forgiveness of sin and thus we as CHRISTIANS under the NEW covenant KEEP the law of sacrifice for sin by our FAITH in Jesus, the Christ. And in the SAME way the PHYSICAL keeping of the PHYSICAL Sabbath DAY of rest from PHYSICAL work is indeed being KEPT BY our FAITH in Jesus as becoming our SPIRITUAL REST. More on this REST and the SPIRIT of the law coming up as we continue this study in God's word, but I have a study devoted totally to this subject called "IS JESUS OUR SABBATH REST?"
#8. Again the PENALTY for breaking this fourth commandment was DEATH. But TODAY under the NEW COVENANT the penalty for breaking the commandments of God have been nailed to the cross, IF SO BE that we repent of our sins. No more animal sacrifices for by FAITH we believe that Jesus became our sacrifice of sin. So each time we confess our sins we are KEEPING God's LAW for sacrificing or the shedding of blood for the forgiveness of sin. The OLD COVENANT has been ABOLISHED at the cross of Jesus, but not abolished in the way we use this word. Rather all the ordinances and ceremonial laws were given as "LESSONS" or teaching tools to the children of Israel to see and understand that Jesus is their Messiah. The OLD covenant was filled with PHYSICAL WORKS. But all we need do when we disobey any of God's commandments under the NEW COVENANT is to ask for forgiveness of our sins and the blood of Jesus cleanses us from all our sins. So how can any one say that Jesus is NOT our REST?
The TRUTH of the matter is that the Sabbath was made FOR man and NOT that man was made FOR the Sabbath to be brought under the bondage of FEAR of NOT keeping the Sabbath DAY to the very letter of the law. It is the SPIRIT of REST in which we the CHURCH keep the Sabbath or REST in the NEW Testament under the NEW covenant and NOT in the letter of the law under the OLD covenant. We are NOT taught in the NEW Testament to REST on ANY day of the week. Later around the fourth and fifth century the early church in PART began to dogmatically teach that Christians should not work on Sunday, but this is NOT taught in the Bible ITSELF. Once the Roman Church became dominate, then this ADDED WORK became common place for the church along with many other WORKS that are NOT taught in the Bible itself.
In Matthew 12:1-14 Jesus himself teaches us that it is LAWFUL to do GOOD on the SABBATH day, BUT the Jews had a DISAGREEMENT with Jesus and sought to ACCUSE Jesus of NOT TRULY KEEPING the SABBATH, because he was always doing good WORKS of HEALING on the SABBATH day.
So then, was Jesus CHANGING the way that the Sabbath was to be KEPT or were
the Jews not keeping the Sabbath CORRECTLY? In other words, was the FOCUS of the Jews misguided from the TRUE purpose of why God instituted the Sabbath day of REST? Should we then KEEP the Sabbath the way Jesus TAUGHT, or the way the Jews KEEP the Sabbath according to the OLD Testament?
How do the Seventh Day Adventists and other Sabbath keepers truly KEEP the SABBATH? Do they keep the Sabbath as a matter of SALVATION. And if NOT, then WHY NOT since the KEEPING of all the other MORAL COMMANDMENTS of God are CONDITIONAL and are indeed a matter of the end of our salvation to receive eternal life in the world to come. The receiving the END of our salvation means the receiving of our reward of eternal life in the world to come.
In other words, IF SO BE that a Christians falls back into SIN and then should happen to DIE while living in that state of SIN, then does not their DISOBEDIENCE to KEEP these other NINE COMMANDMENTS of God keep them from receiving their reward of ETERNAL LIFE in the world to come? Again I implore you, the seeker of the TRUTH, to read the study called "IS ONCE SAVED ALWAYS SAVED BIBLICAL?", which covers in great detail all of the arguments of those who teach eternal security and once saved always saved doctrines. The truth of the whole matter is that our salvation IS conditional. But for now please read Matthew 12:1-14, which says,
2. But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, your disciples do that which is NOT LAWFUL to do upon the Sabbath day (so according to the Jews who FOLLOWED the Old Testament LAW of Moses it was NOT LAWFUL to pluck corn to eat even if you were hungry on the Sabbath day, but Jesus himself DEFENDED his disciples for WORKING on the Sabbath day to pick corn to eat because they were hungry).
8. For the Son of man is Lord even of the Sabbath day. (God established the Sabbath day as a day of REST for his people as a TYPE and a SHADOW fore showing the FUTURE REST that he would give them. Jesus IS that REST that God has promised would come. Jesus is Lord even of the Sabbath day and Jesus tells us that his disciple were GUILTLESS for working on the Sabbath day picking corn because they were hungry. There are times when a true born again Christian HAS to WORK on both Saturday and on Sunday to FEED his family and I believe that God finds them GUILTLESS because God did NOT make man FOR the Sabbath day, but rather God instituted a REST for man. In fact as I said before the Bible ITSELF in the NEW Testament does NOT command us to rest on ANY day of the week under the NEW covenant. Resting on Sunday came to be around the forth and fifth century when the Roman Catholic church began to become to dominate influence on church doctrine.)
12. How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is LAWFUL to DO WELL on the Sabbath days. (You see, the JEWS in the days of Jesus FOCUSED on the LETTER of the law to do NO work whatsoever, but the word of God actually says not to to SEVERE of HEAVY work meaning not to work to earn a PROFIT above your NEEDS. The JEWS of today speaking of the Christian SABBATH keepers are FOCUSED on the actual DAY of the week to rest. The TRUTH of the matter is that the calendar has been changed so many times that the only way to be even close to knowing the ACTUAL day of the week is to CLOSELY observe the cycles of the moon. Some of the first Seventh Day Adventist only discovered this fact after many years of observing the SEVENTH day on OTHER days other than on Saturday that they THOUGHT was the SEVENTH day of the week. But in truth they were WRONGLY following the calendar based on the SUN rather that a LUNAR calendar. So if your Sabbath keeping group is NOT using a LUNAR calendar, then you may be keeping the WRONG day if so be you are a Sabbath keeper who is reading this study in God's word to help you see the TRUTH of the WHOLE word of God. My prayer is that you do NOT follow the ways of the Pharisee who burdens the saints to be circumcised AND to keep ALL the LAW of the OLD Testament to the LETTER which the Bible teaches that the letter of the law KILLS and that it is the SPIRIT of the law which we the CHURCH are to keep. Do not say in your heart that your group does not teach circumcision, because you still yet subvert others to keep the seventh day Sabbath and dietary laws when the NEW Testament doe NOT.)
Now the REASON that the Pharisees sought to destroy Jesus is because they taught that to do ANY work on the Sabbath day was to BREAK the KEEPING of the SABBATH day. Please read this same account in Mark 3:1-6, where the TEACHERS of the LAW are bent on ACCUSING Jesus of NOT KEEPING the SABBATH, because Jesus choose to do GOOD and HEALED people on the Sabbath day.
5. And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the HARDNESS of their hearts, he said unto the man, Stretch forth your hand. And he stretched it out: and his hand was restored whole as the other.
I pray that your heart is NOT HARDENED as the hearts of these Pharisees who SUBVERTED those in the church to keep ALL the LAW of Moses under the OLD covenant in order to be saved.
Here in this passage of scripture we see the TEACHERS of the LAW just waiting to ACCUSE Jesus, one of their FELLOW BRETHREN, for BREAKING the SABBATH day by DOING GOOD and HEALING someone who needed healing.
Now some of you may not be CONVINCED that the TEACHERS of the LAW TAUGHT that it was UNLAWFUL to even HEAL on the SABBATH day. So please read Luke 13:10-16, which clearly shows us that this is HOW the Jews KEPT or at least were TAUGHT to KEEP the SABBATH day holy.
14. And the ruler of the synagogue (the TEACHER of the LAW) answered with INDIGNATION, because that Jesus had HEALED on the Sabbath day, and said unto the people, There are SIX days in which men ought to WORK: IN them (or during those SIX days ONLY) therefore come and be HEALED, and NOT on the Sabbath day. (so then, the TEACHERS of the LAW taught that it is UNLAWFUL to HEAL on the SABBATH day)
Now I want you to think about this for a moment, IF one is to TRULY KEEP the SABBATH day in the SAME MANNER as the TEACHERS of the LAW taught as to HOW it is to be KEPT according to the Old Testament law, then this would mean that Christians COULD NOT do ANY GOOD WORK whatsoever on the SABBATH day. Therefore EVEN praying the prayer of FAITH for our fellow brothers of sisters in Jesus Christ for HEALING could NOT be done ON the SABBATH day.
Yes I fully realize that these teachers of the law went beyond the law ACCORDING to what God had MEANT in the SCRIPTURES. However, if you are TRULY a SABBATH KEEPER like it is TAUGHT in the OLD Testament, then you must KEEP the SABBATH to the LETTER of the LAW, because he who breaks just ONE point of the LAW is therefore GUILTY of breaking the WHOLE LAW. Also do these Sabbath keepers WORK six days a week every single week of the year? Or do they work just FIVE days a week? Do they take a weeks vacation and not WORK any days of the week while they are on vacation? Just how far should we take the LETTER of the law?
The TRUTH of the matter is that we are taught in the NEW TESTAMENT to keep the SPIRIT of the CEREMONIAL law, and NOT to keep the LETTER of the law, because the letter of the law KILLS. There is a difference between ceremonial law and MORAL law. The ceremonial law pertains to feast days, the Sabbath days and any religious rites that had to do with ceremonies.
Jesus himself condensed the keeping of the whole law down to just two commandments. Please read James 2:8-10, which teaches us that we as Christians are to keep the NEW COMMANDMENT that Jesus gave to us to keep, thus fulfilling the WHOLE LAW, but for those who choose to keep the WHOLE LAW to the letter would transgress or be GUILTY of the whole law even if they transgressed in just ONE point.
The Royal law is to love God with all our heart mind and soul and Jesus says that we FULFILL the Royal law of loving God BY loving our fellow man. John teaches us that if one SAYS that he loves God and does NOT love his or her fellow man, then they lie and the love in God is not in them.
You see, in the Old Testament the SABBATH was KEPT from
sundown on Friday to sundown on Saturday, or from Friday evening to
Saturday evening, which is a FULL 24 hours of SABBATH KEEPING.
Therefore to TRULY be a SABBATH KEEPER, then one must observe the Sabbath from SUNDOWN on Friday all the way through to SUNDOWN on
Saturday. So again I ask the question; Is this being done by the Seventh Day Adventist and other Sabbath keepers, who dogmatically mandate
that the SABBATH day be KEPT as it was in the OLD Testament under the law of Moses?
THINK before you answer! What if one of your members of the Seventh Day Adventists or one of these other Sabbath keeping groups willfully BREAKS the Sabbath day keeping, do the rest of the members OBEY the LAW that Almighty God gave to Moses to STONE that person to DEATH? Or if a Seventh Day Adventist BREAKS the Sabbath and SINS through IGNORANCE and not intentionally, then does the pastor take a she goat that is under one year old and offer it to God for a SIN offering? Do Seventh Day Adventists TRULY KEEP the Sabbath day ACCORDING to the SCRIPTURES of the OLD Testament covenant? NO they do not and they argue that the keep the Sabbath according to the teachings of Jesus, which is just another deception, because while Jesus kept the Sabbath HE and his disciples were UNDER the law. The church did not begin until the day of Pentecost, which was on the FIRST day of the week.
Obviously they CANNOT TRULY keep the Sabbath according to the law of God written in the OLD TESTAMENT under the OLD COVENANT, because the law of animal sacrifices has been ABOLISHED. And even if the animal sacrifice was not abolished and nailed to the cross a Sabbath keeper could still NOT keep the Sabbath as outlined in the law of Moses, because there is NO temple and NO continuing priesthood of the Levites. Therefore the offering of a she goat for a sin offering could not be kept for a Sabbath keeper sinning in ignorance and therefore the Sabbath day would not be obeyed according to the LETTER of the law.
This alone should show anyone with eyes to see that a CHANGE has taken place and the change is the NEW covenant under the shed blood of Jesus who has become the SABBATH or REST for all who BELIEVE.
Can you not see dear child of God that since it is no longer possible to offer a she goat for those breaking the keeping of the Sabbath day that God is doing a NEW thing in the earth? Please read Numbers 15:27-36, which says,
" And if ANY soul SIN through ignorance, then he shall bring a she goat of the first year for a sin offering.
28. And the priest shall make an atonement for the soul that sins ignorantly, when he sins by ignorance before the LORD, to make an atonement for him; and it shall be forgiven him.
31. Because he has despised the word of the LORD, and has BROKEN his commandment, that soul shall utterly be cut off; his iniquity shall be upon him.
32. And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the Sabbath day.
33. And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation.
34. And they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him.
35. And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to DEATH: ALL the congregation shall STONE him with stones without the camp.
36. And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses."
My point is this. We are NOT taught in the GOSPEL of Jesus Christ to keep the LETTER of the LAW, but RATHER we are taught to keep the SPIRIT of the LAW, speaking of the ceremonial law, and not the moral law. You see dear child of God it was ONLY the MORAL law which was REPEATED in the NEW Testament. This is why the church is taught to keep only NINE of the ten commandments. Please read Romans 7:1-7 which teaches us that we who are by FAITH IN Christ Jesus are now DEAD to the LAW so that we can be JOINED to Jesus Christ as one body, in order that we can serve Almighty God in NEWNESS of life IN the SPIRIT and NO LONGER in the LETTER of the LAW.
To say this another way, Sabbath keepers CANNOT pick and choose the WAY they desire to KEEP the whole law of Moses and the keeping of the Sabbath day. In other words, if a fellow Sabbath keeper should be found guilty of doing WORK on the Sabbath day, then that Sabbath keeper according to God's word must be STONED unto DEATH by the WHOLE congregation of Sabbath keepers. AGAIN I ask you is YOUR Sabbath keeping group KEEPING the Sabbath day ACCORDING to the way Almighty God himself has OUTLINED for ISRAEL to keep the Sabbath day? If NOT, then you and your Sabbath keeping group are NOT truly keeping the Sabbath day as it is taught to be kept under the law of Moses.
Now do not lie to yourself saying things like the CHURCH has forgiveness through Jesus now so their is no need to keep THAT PART of the law, because IF the church is REQUIRED to keep the Sabbath day then surely there would be at least SOMETHING in the NEW Testament clearly teaching us that we are still to keep the Sabbath day, BUT when it comes to punishing those who break the Sabbath day, then they say that they are NOT to keep that part of the Old Testament law of Moses.
THINK for yourself dear child of God! We have already read that the CHURCH gave NO such commandment to keep ALL the law of Moses. The ONLY part of the law that we as Christians are to keep are the NINE MORAL commandments of God which the New Testament repeats and goes over several times so that there is no doubt as to what we are REQUIRED to do and not to do under the NEW covenant. So stay in the NEW Testament, which are the words, of the NEW covenant.
The truth of the matter is that Satan has DECEIVED good well meaning Christians to be brought back under the bondage of the OLD Testament CEREMONIAL law and some 613 ordinances, which NONE were able to keep except Jesus who FULFILLED the law to ABOLISH the ceremonial law and the ordinances given to ISRAEL and NOT to the CHURCH. The church is LOOSED from the LAW having DIED in Jesus Christ and being raised to become a NEW creature in Jesus Christ where Jesus now becomes of REST.
"Know you not, BRETHREN, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law has dominion over a man as long as he LIVES?
2. For the woman which has an husband is BOUND by the law to her husband so long as he LIVES; but if the husband be DEAD, she is LOOSED from the law of her husband.
3. So then if, while her husband lives, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her husband be DEAD, she is FREE from that law; so that she is NO adulteress, though she be married to another man.
4. WHEREFORE (or LIKEWISE or for this reason), my brethren, you ALSO are become DEAD to the law BY the body of Christ; THAT (or so THAT) you should be married to ANOTHER (so then, you my dear brothers and sisters in the Lord, who are reading this study and seeker the TRUTH, YOU, as a Christian, you are now married to a NEW ANOTHER, the Lord Jesus Christ. You are the bride of Jesus and have a NEW LAW, a NEW TESTAMENT, a NEW COVENANT. You are married to ANOTHER), even to him who is raised from the dead, (WHY? Why did Almighty God FREE us from the OLD COVENANT so that he could establish this NEW covenant in the BLOOD of his Son Jesus with all who will BELIEVE?) THAT (or so that or in order that) we should bring forth FRUIT unto God.
6. But NOW we are DELIVERED from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should SERVE in NEWNESS of SPIRIT, and NOT in the oldness of the letter.
We are DELIVERED to SERVE in NEWNESS of SPIRIT. We are SAVED from the guilt of our past sins in order to DO GOOD WORKS of RIGHTEOUSNESS. We are MADE FREE from the bondage of sin to WALK in RIGHTEOUSNESS.
This means that we are a NEW CREATION IN Christ Jesus and that the OLD covenant and the old man is passed away and we are to PUT ON the NEW and the new MAN, which is to be a DOER of the NEW Testament law of the NEW covenant, and that is to SERVE Almighty God in SPIRIT and in TRUTH and NOT in the OLDNESS of the LETTER of the OLD covenant LAW.
So then, what is the central theme or the central PURPOSE for the SABBATH day? What is the SPIRIT in which the Sabbath day was made? WHY did Almighty God give to mankind the command to keep the Sabbath? Perhaps the most striking theme or PURPOSE for the SABBATH day throughout the word of God is that of REST. This is what the very word "SABBATH" means. The word "Sabbath" means REST. In other words, Almighty God desires for us to enter into REST just as he himself shall REST from his WORK on the seventh 1000 year long day of the Lord.
The SPIRIT of the Sabbath day is that we enter into HIS REST. So then, REST is the SPIRIT of the fourth commandment of God. Please remember that the things written in the Old testament were for our LEARNING. The law is called the school master that leads us to Jesus, who is our REST. The things written in the Old testament were types figures and SHADOWS pointing us to the TRUE which was being foretold to come.
In Matthew 11:25-30 Jesus tells all who are weary and burdened to come to him, and he will give them REST. So then, the REST promised in the Old Testament LAW and the PROPHETS, which is alluded to, or pointed to by the keeping of the SABBATH of the OLD COVENANT, is the REST which is found in coming to Jesus, and in him only. There is NO rest in trying to keep the ceremonial commandments of God and ALL the law of Moses contained in ordinances.
In fact there is no true REST in TRYING to keep all the MORAL law in our OWN strength. You see dear child of God, there is not one of us who can consistently and continually overcome the enemy in their OWN strength. If you say that you can then you are full of PRIDE and do sin after your father the devil by giving no glory to Almighty God the Father and his Son Jesus.
Paul said that which I would do I find that I do not do, and that which I would not do, I find that I do. Some Christians stop there, misunderstanding the whole word of God and say things that are NOT Biblical like, 'we are all just sinners and that is the way things are', but Paul goes on in the next chapter Romans chapter 8 and teaches us that those who are in Christ Jesus, who are obeying the leading of the Holy Spirit, are free from condemnation. It is only in our obeying the SPIRIT that we enter into REST and find peace with God.
"Men and brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and WHOSOEVER among you FEARS God, to YOU is the word of this salvation sent.
This is the REST that was foreshadowed in the SABBATH that Jesus FULFILLED. The OLD COVENANT was based upon WORKS of the FLESH or WORLDLY services to God, the KEEPING of the LAW, both the CEREMONIAL law and the moral law. BUT the NEW COVENANT is based upon FAITH, the entering into the REST of Almighty God by having FAITH in the power of HIS might to EMPOWER us to keep the MORAL law. Ture spiritual REST is to have faith and trust in the PROMISES of God the HE will perform his own word. So when God says in his word that HE will NOT ALLOW us to be tempt above that which we are able to BEAR, then REST in HIS PROMISE that it will BE just as HE said and NO temptation will be above what you can bear. REST is your faith the GREATER is he who dwells IN you than he who is in the world speaking of Satan our enemy. God IN you is GREATER than Satan our enemy, so REST in God's PROMISE that when we RESIST Satan that he WILL without fail FLEE from us.
You see dear child of God, our entering into the REST that Jesus provided for us does NOT mean that good WORKS of RIGHTEOUSNESS and the KEEPING of the MORAL COMMANDMENTS of God is done away with, or that God does ALL the work FOR you. But rather we enter into rest by FAITH and we REMAIN in REST by FAITH. When one gives into the temptation to sin they are NOT resting in the promise of God unto the END of that temptation. They say things like I just cannot overcome sin. That is UNBELIEF and not RESTING in Jesus and the promises of Almighty God the Father. Our rest in Jesus does NOT mean do nothing.
You see, when something is NEW and IMPROVED it does NOT mean that everything that is OLD is completely done away with and the NEW contains absolutely nothing of the OLD. So of course some of God's COMMANDMENTS are to be CONTINUED to be OBEYED in the NEW COVENANT as well. But which commandments are we to keep?
Jesus SUMMED it up this way as what commandments we the church are to keep. Please read Matthew 22:35-40, which clearly teaches us that ALL the LAW and the prophets is fulfilled in just TWO commandments.
"Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, TEMPTING him, and saying,
36. Master, which is the great commandment in the law?
37. Jesus said unto him, You shall love the Lord you God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all you mind.
38. This is the FIRST and great commandment.
39. And the SECOND is like unto it, You shalt love your neighbor as yourself.
40. On THESE TWO commandments hang ALL the LAW and the prophets."
In others word's, if we truly LOVE our neighbor as we love ourselves, then we will KEEP the MORAL commandments of God to NOT do any harm or wrong to our neighbor. We will not steal, we will not lie, we will not commit adultery, we will not covet our neighbor's goods and so forth. So I ask you how does keeping our resting on a specific physical DAY of the week show our love for our neighbor any more or any less than our resting on a different day than another brother or sister in the Lord may be resting? Why would it matter to our neighbor if we chose, let us say, because of our job, to worship God on Wednesday seeing that this was the only day of the week we had off from our job?
In truth our hearts are keeping the SPIRIT of REST no matter what day we worship God. There may be some weeks that our jobs mandate us to work seven days a week. Let us not judge or brothers and sisters if their hearts do not condemn them for worshiping God on what ever day they feel led to do so. It is the SPIRIT of REST that we are to keep. And for most Christians they have found the UNDERSTANDING that JESUS is to be their REST as having FULFILLED the Sabbath day. Therefore they do not KEEP any day of the week as their day of rest. As I have already said that the NEW Testament does NOT command or teach us to rest on ANY day of the week, month or year.
Now I myself was raised in the Catholic faith, which dogmatically taught that it was a MORTAL sin to willing miss church on Sunday. The FEAR of going to hell for not going to church on Sunday stayed with me for a long time after I accepted Jesus as my savior, BECAUSE of what I was PREVIOUSLY taught in the Roman Catholic church of missing church on Sunday.
Later I learned from God's word of truth that it was NOT a sin if I willing missed church on Sunday. What freedom! What a REST to know that God still yet LOVES me whether I observe a certain day of the week or NOT! I came to love the MIDWEEK service far more than the Sunday service, because the body of believers really took the time to truly enter into the presence of God on those Wednesday prayer meeting services.
So for a long time I never went to church on a Saturday OR on a Sunday, but rather I went to church only on a Wednesday and I never once felt any condemnation nor conviction of sinning by the Holy Spirit, who dwells in me leading and guiding me into all truth. The scripture comes to mind right now at this moment while writing this study where the apostle Paul says, I am afraid of you who observe days and months and times and years. Please read Galatians 4:9-11, which clearly teaches us that we are NOT to be so dogmatic to demand Christians to keep certain days or the week or year as a matter of salvation.
"But now, after that you have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn you again to the weak and beggarly elements, where unto you desire again to be in bondage?
10. You observe days, and months, and times, and years.
11. I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labor in vain."
Paul was in fear that he preached the GOSPEL in vain seeing that these dear Christians were DECEIVED by the enemy to turn back again to observe DAYS, and months, and times, and years.
Be WISE my dear brothers and sisters in the Lord, and do not make it a habit to not fellowship with other believers, but on the other side of the coin do not be deceived by the enemy to be brought under bondage fearing that if you miss going to church on a Sunday or on a Saturday or on any day of the week then you are sinning. The New Testament does NOT teach us that it is a sin to miss church, but does encourage us to not make a habit of forsaking the assembling of our selves together. We need each other from time to time for encouragement and if you are young in your faith you need fellowship and good sound Biblical teaching to become rooted and grounded in the word of truth.
And by all means dear child of God do NOT be deceived by the lies of the enemy that you are taking the MARK of the beast by worshiping God on SUNDAY. To take the MARK of the beast a Christian must DENY that Jesus is the SON OF God and thus reject Jesus as their savior who died for their sins. Please read the study "COULD ISLAM BE THE MARK OF THE BEAST?" .
Be assured my dear brothers and sister in our Lord Jesus Christ, your are KNOWN of God, he knows your heart and you are NOT taking the MARK of the beast by worshiping Almighty God the Father and his Son Jesus on a SUNDAY as opposed to worshiping God and his Son on a Saturday! What shocked me to the core was when I learned that some Sabbath keeping Christians do NOT worship Jesus is any way. The Bible clearly teaches us that we are to honor the Son even as we honer the Father and if we do NOT honor the Son then we are NOT honoring the Father.
As I said before I myself have only found NINE of the ten commandments of God repeated and taught in the NEW Testament that we as Christians are to keep. Yes I know that there are several verses that say that we are to keep the COMMANDMENTS of God, but when we read the whole word of God we find that in the NEW Testament that ONLY NINE of the ten commandments of the OLD Testament are REPEATED and taught that we are to keep.
There is NO clear plain teaching that I myself can find in the NEW Testament under the NEW covenant that teaches us to KEEP the Sabbath day. One may INTERPRET some verses taken out of context to mean whatever they desire them to mean, but the HISTORY of the EARLY church writers CLEARLY teach us that THEY did NOT keep the Sabbath day as the Jews. But rather they kept the LORD'S DAY, the FIRST day of the week. In other words, one could say that the early church were SUNDAY keepers, who kept the EIGHTH day of the week for gathering together to worship God on SUNDAY. Again I will share more on the HISTORY of the church at the end of this study.
But for now does keeping this NEW commandment that Jesus gave unto us the church also INCLUDE the KEEPING of the SABBATH day the WAY that is TAUGHT by of the Seventh Day Adventists and other Sabbatarians, which once again I point out that, some even go as far as to teach that to worship on SUNDAY is to take the MARK of the BEAST? And some wrongly teach that Christians should NOT worship Jesus in any way.
Please read Hebrews chapter 3, I will just quote verses 17-19,
Now I want you to read Hebrews 4:1-11, which teaches us that even though we have ENTERED into REST in Jesus Christ there yet REMAINS a FUTURE REST that we must LABOR to ENTER INTO, which is speaking of our OBTAINING the PROMISE of ETERNAL LIFE in the world to come also call receiving the end of our salvation. But the Greek word TRANSLATED as "labor" literally mean to be diligent by every means and does not mean physical work. Sabbath Keepers argue that the King James say LABOR so therefore we have not entered into rest yet and there remains a future rest.
But when verse 10 and 11 are read together IN their CONTEXT then it becomes clear that we must be diligent to enter into THAT CEASING of our OWN works like God ceased from his own works. More on this shortly.
So then, it should be understood that we ENTER into rest by accepting Jesus as our savior by BELIEVING that Jesus died for our sins meaning that the ENTRANCE of our REST is provided for us in believing in Jesus. This is the BEGINNING of our ENTERING, as in, the PRESENT tense of CONTINUING to BELIEVE unto the END of receiving the END of our salvation the reward of ETERNAL LIFE, which ONLY those found to be that good and faithful servant shall receive at the second coming of Jesus in the world to come.
Thus the COMPLETION of our REST is not received until we actually receive ETERNAL LIFE in the world to come. Jesus said that ONLY those who ENDURE until the END shall be saved. Remember that Jesus is the author AND finisher of our faith. So then, we BEGAN or we ENTERED into REST by FAITH and therefore we must be DILIGENT to enter into THAT CEASING of our OUR works of righteous so that we will be assured of receiving the END of our salvation, which is ETERNAL life in the world to come. In short we ENTER into REST by FAITH and by FAITH by receive our full complete rest on the SEVENTH day, the seventh 1000 year long day of the Lord AT the second coming of Jesus.
2. For unto us was the GOSPEL preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did NOT profit them (WHY? Why did the preaching of the gospel NOT profit some who heard the gospel?), NOT being mixed with FAITH in them that heard it.
3. For (or because) we which have believed DO ENTER into REST, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my REST: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. (Jesus was SLAIN from the FOUNDATION of the world in the mind of Almighty God. In other words, Almighty God having his PLAN of salvation finished in his mind from the foundation of the world Almighty God then RESTED from is work of creation. God KNOWS that his PLAN or his word would be and will yet be FULFILLED. God was at REST and in complete PEACE knowing that his PLAN of salvation would be FULFILLED. Jesus is our PASSOVER LAMB and Jesus is our SABBATH. Jesus is our REST. Jesus is the FULFILLMENT of the SABBATH day. But some of the Jewish Christians in the early church had trouble understanding that Jesus was their REST so these few compelled the Gentile Christians that they must be circumcised and keep ALL the law of Moses in order to be saved. They even took the matter to Jerusalem and the matter was SETTLED by the CHURCH and the HOLY SPIRIT that no such commandment should be taught or given.)
4. For he spake in a certain place of the SEVENTH day on this wise (or in this manner or in this PURPOSE concerning the seventh day), And God did REST the SEVENTH day from all his works (this SEVENTH day is a TYPE of a SHADOW speaking of the yet coming 1000 year long DAY in which Almighty God commits his kingdom into the hands of his Son Jesus to REIGN for 1000 years or this SEVENTH DAY while Almighty God himself will REST from all his work on this SEVENTH day where a day with the Lord is as a 1000 years and a 1000 years is as a DAY. The main FOCUS of God is the REST that we shall enter into in Jesus and NOT on a specific day of the week, but IN the seventh 1000 year long day of the Lord. In fact God himself has NOT yet RESTED. You see dear child of God the LITERAL translation of Genesis 2:1 says, "and they ARE BEING finished the heavens and the earth and all the host of them and he IS finishing them Elohim IN the seventh day work of him which he did and he IS CEASING IN the seventh day which he did." So God is NOT resting and he is NOT finished with you yet. God will continue to work UNTIL the SEVENTH 1000 year long day of the Lord when he commits his kingdom into the hands of his Son Jesus who will rule FOR Yahweh for a day of for 1000 years. After the 1000 years of seventh DAY of rest for God he will create and New heaven and a New earth wherein ONLY righteousness shall dwell.).
6. Seeing therefore it
remains that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was FIRST
preached entered NOT in because of unbelief: (the gospel of this NEW COVENANT was preached to the JEW FIRST, but because of UNBELIEF that Jesus was their MESSIAH who would give them REST, they REJECTED this NEW covenant and then God turned to the Gentiles. Now WE have ENTER his REST, but there remains a rest for SOME to still yet enter into by FAITH in God's Son Jesus.)
7. Again, he limits a certain day, (not a certain day of the week, but rather a certain space of TIME) saying in David, Today, after so long a time; as it is said, Today if you will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. (This mean that the TODAY was not in David's time, but the TODAY was so long a time after David's time speaking of the church age. In other words if you want to receive eternal life at the second coming of Jesus then that DAY of OPPORTUNITY is LIMITED to TODAY meaning the day of the church age BEFORE the second coming of Jesus.)
8. For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of ANOTHER day.(Again speaking of the church age but also the 1000 year reign of Jesus in his Father's kingdom while his Father RESTS for the remnant of Jews and those left of the nations AFTER the WRATH of God is poured out upon them. Now it is also true that of those who BELIEVE now presently REST in Jesus Christ and in what he has provided for us, but there remains another REST in the future for the JEWS where the REMNANT of Jews will ENTER IN to their rest while we as Christians receive our FULL REST where the second death will have no more power over us. You see, the word of God says that he will turn to his people ISRAEL a SECOND TIME, which will be at the SECOND coming of Jesus and that is the core meaning of ANOTHER day where)
9. There REMAINS
to the people of God.(speaking of the JEWS accepting Jesus as their Messiah AT his second coming and entering into the 1000 years or the SEVENTH DAY of rest in the mortal bodies to be taught of the Lord where THEY will be just ENTERING INTO their rest in Jesus. Now Christians have ALREADY ENTERED into their REST and we are looking to the coming of Jesus and our completion of this REST when we RECEIVE our reward of ETERNAL LIFE so that the second death will have NO power over us. You see, the Jews and the Gentiles who REPENT when they SEE Jesus coming in clouds of glory at the second coming of Jesus will enter into the 1000 years in their mortal bodies. Generations will live and die like it is today and ONLY those yet in the MORTAL who are found to be righteous at the END of the 1000 years will inherit ETERNAL LIFE the same as Christians who shall receive their ETERNAL LIFE at the BEGINNING of the 1000 year reign of Jesus.)
10. For he that IS ENTERED
into his REST, he ALSO has CEASED from his works OWN works, as God did from his.(Please know and understand that it is no longer I or we that work, but rather it is the SPIRIT of Almighty God IN me and in you that is doing the WORK. We are GOD'S workmanship. We cannot BOAST, because it is Almighty God the Father DWELLING IN us who is doing the work. We can only overcome sin by FAITH believing that the GREATER one IN us is greater than he who is in the world. We BELIEVE and then God PERFORMS his WORD with signs following. We are LABORERS TOGETHER WITH God who is the one who is actually doing the WORK. So then when Hebrew says that we must LABOR to enter THAT REST it literally means that we are to be diligent to We RESIST the devil and GOD is the one who makes him FLEE from us. We BELIEVE and GOD does the WORK. Our labor is BELIEVING and our believing is OBEYING and when we OBEY unto the end then God EMPOWERS us to over come the enemy. Our REST is BELIEVING the WORD of God, and then watching God PERFORM his WORD.)
Our LABOR under the NEW covenant is to BELIEVE the PROMISES in God's word and obey the leading of the Holy Spirit of God who now dwells IN us. I hear people say that NO man can live WITHOUT SIN, and
yet the word of TRUTH teaches us that Almighty God will NOT ALLOW us
to be tempted ABOVE that which we are ABLE to bear and OVER COME. That is a PROMISE of God, but yet by some choosing NOT to BELIEVE and REST in God's word or promise, then THEY are not LABORING or DILIGENTLY seeking to enter into THAT rest or HIS his REST where we REST in the power if HIS might ceasing from our OWN works of righteousness. The victory is mine when the battle is the LORD'S. We RESIST the devil and God does the work to make the devil FLEE from those who are BELIEVING that God will PERFORM his word. Our LABOR is to BELIEVE lest we fall after the same example of those in UNBELIEF.
You see, it is by FAITH dear child of God that we OVER COME temptation and NOT by our OWN work. It is the POWER of God WORKING IN us that causes us to OVERCOME temptation. But we must LABOR WITH God by walking in the FAITH that he has given us in order to ENTER into our full complete REST of obtaining ETERNAL LIFE in the world to come.
Faith works by LOVE and that perfect love of God casts out all fear. REST in God's love and his FAITHFULNESS to do what he said that he would do. You can REST assured that God is FAITHFUL to always perform his word. God is NOT a man that he should LIE. God will do what he said he will do. You can REST in God's WORD. That is what FAITH IS. Faith is trusting or RESTING in God's WORD that God will perform his word. This is the SABBATH, the REST, that God has promised. If we stumble and fall, then God is faithful and just to forgive us. That is REST dear child of God. The ATONEMENT of Jesus is our REST, our SABBATH, which again means REST.
Can you not see my dear brothers and sisters in the Lord, how it is the SPIRIT of the LAW that we are to embrace and NOT the LETTER of the LAW. Please read Colossians 2:8-14, which teaches us to BEWARE of those who try to SPOIL our FAITH through VAIN philosophy and traditions of men that deceive men.
"BEWARE lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and NOT after Christ (speaking of the ANOINTING that was DWELLING IN Jesus to do the works that Almighty God did as his Son Jesus obey his word and voice).
11. IN whom also you
are circumcised with the circumcision made WITHOUT hands,
in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision
of Christ: (the same way that we who BELIEVE are circumcised BY FAITH, we also fulfill the keeping of the fourth commandment of the Sabbath of rest BY FAITH RESTING in the promise of Almighty God.)
Please read the study "HOW BAPTISM SAVES" for a deeper understanding of who you are IN Christ Jesus. But for now I want you to see that the handwriting of ORDINANCES that were once against us and that NO flesh is justified by the law have been taken OUT of the WAY and NAILED to the CROSS of Jesus.
BEFORE FAITH came, then no man could truly be justified before God, but after faith came, then any one who BELIEVES that Jesus died for their sins and rose again from the grave is justified before God and ENTERS into his REST, which the fourth command of the Sabbath was a TYPE or SHADOW that was to come.
But this does NOT mean that we have NOTHING whatsoever to do in order to obtain ETERNAL LIFE in the world to come. In other words, we must LABOR or be diligent to CONTINUE to BELIEVE unto the end in order to enter into our COMPLETED REST, which is our receiving ETERNAL LIFE in the world to come. So when God word says for us to RESIST sin, then our LABOR is to BELIEVE that God will PERFORM his WORD.
In other words, we are to OBEY God's word to RESIST the temptation of the devil unto the END, which in this case the END is speaking of the devil FLEEING from us where the temptation of sinning LEAVES us so that we are NOT overcome by the lies of the enemy.
To RESIT the devil does NOT mean GIVING UP and lying to ourselves saying I TRIED not to give in BUT the temptation was TOO strong! NO dear child of God we must ENDURE unto the END in order to be saved. The word "saved" also means delivered and set free. We are set free from sin and sin shall not have dominion over us, but in order for God's WORD to be manifested in our lives we must BELIEVE and endure unto the end of each and every temptation RESTING in God's WORD that Almighty God is always FAITHFUL to perform his WORD. Please read the study "HOW TO LIVE YOUR LIFE FREE FROM SIN!"
If anything, then this love that God has for us in the giving to us his only begotten Son to die for our sins spurs us on to OVERCOME the enemy on every side. In other words, instead of viewing the MORAL COMMANDMENTS of God to be too GRIEVOUS and too BURDENSOME to bear, we ought to be looking at Almighty God and the GRACE he has given us to be MORE than CONQUERORS through Jesus Christ.
We ought to be saying GREATER is he that is IN ME than he that is in the world. We ought to KNOW that we can do ALL things THROUGH Christ Jesus who STRENGTHENS us, rather than focusing on keeping the LETTER of the LAW that kills us. In truth it does not matter what day of the week we worship God. The truth of the matter is that the early church met EVERY DAY of the week to share what God was doing in their lives.
The bottom line is that the WHOLE word of God teaches us that it is the SPIRIT of the law in which we do indeed worship God with all our heart and all our minds and all our strength and enter into his REST knowing that he LOVES us.
Those under the OLD covenant did not know this LOVE of God as we do under the NEW COVENANT. It is this LOVE of God that we are to show in our LIVES. Perfect love casts out all fear and gives us REST, assurance and PEACE.
Please read 2 Corinthians 3:3-6, which teaches us that we are the BIBLE that some people will ever read that will bring them to the knowledge of the TRUTH to be saved so that God will then give them a HUNGER for his word and his Holy Spirit to lead and guide them into all truth and to read God's word for themselves.
"For as much as you are manifestly declared to be the EPISTLE of Christ ministered by us, written NOT with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; NOT in tables of stone, but in fleshy tables of the heart.
5. NOT that we are sufficient OF ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency IS OF God; (our TRUST, our SUFFICIENCY, our REST is of God. It is God who changes our countenance to shine before the world so people will ask of of the JOY that is within us.)
So then, my dear brothers and sisters in the Lord, do NOT let any man JUDGE you in respect of keeping the SABBATH.
Please read Colossians 2:16,17 which PLAINLY and CLEARLY states that we are NOT to JUDGE or let others JUDGE us in the NOT keeping of the SABBATHS, which were a SHADOW of things to come.
Now some will argue that this is NOT referring to the WEEKLY Sabbath days, but to the high yearly Sabbath days only.
However, it should be clear that the words "an HOLY DAY" here speaks of YEARLY feast days, and words "of the NEW MOON" speaks of MONTHLY observances, and THEREFORE the words, "SABBATH days" are in fact referring to the WEEKLY Sabbath day and NOT the YEARLY high Sabbaths as some falsely claim.
Others will argue the English word "ARE" means yet future and are yet a shadow of things YET to come, as in, NONE of the shadow has YET been fulfilled and therefore Christians must without fail keep the Sabbath day.
But the truth of the matter is that the original Greek word can be translated as either are or WERE, as in, definitely speaking of PAST tense, as in, having ALREADY been FULFILLED. And the CONTEXT clearly teaches us that this Greek word should be UNDERSTOOD in the PAST tense as having ALREADY been FULFILLED, because Paul is telling us NOT to LET others JUDGE us in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the SABBATH days, which is in the PRESENT tense.
Think this through for yourself. WHY would Paul tell us NOT the LET others JUDGE us in regards to these things if so be ALL the early church taught that BELIEVERS in Jesus Christ are to KEEP ALL the feast days, the new moon festivals and the weekly Sabbath days? I mean IF SO BE that this were so, then there would be NO CONTROVERSY, there would be NO JUDGING, because ALL believers would KNOW that this is what they are to do without question. There would have been no need for Paul to teach the CHURCH not to let any man JUDGE them for NOT keeping the weekly Sabbath day, the high Sabbath yearly holy days, or the new moon festivals.
Now again some argue and dogmatically demand that this verse is not the judging of those who do NOT keep these Jewish days, but rather to not let any man judge you FOR KEEPING these days.
But again to me this line of reasoning makes no sense whatsoever for WHY would any one JUDGE something that everyone knows to do. There would be NO CONTROVERSY among the Christians and the JEWS if so be that this were the case and the CHURCH did indeed KEEP all these Jewish days. Can you not see dear child of God that there was controversy between the Jews and the Christians and therefore the necessity to teach correction of not to judge came BECAUSE the CHURCH did NOT keep these Jewish days. WHY would a Jew or a Jewish Christian JUDGE a Gentile Christian for KEEPING the Sabbath day? That would make no sense whatsoever.
WHY would Paul say, I am afraid of you BECAUSE you observe days, months, and years speaking of keeping the Jewish days such as the weekly Sabbath, and feast days, and yearly Sabbaths if so be that the CHURCH both taught and kept these Jewish days? That would make no sense whatsoever.
If so be that these Sabbath keeping INTERPRETATIONS where correct then there would be NO controversy and therefore no need to teach Christians not to be bothered by those who JUDGE them if they were indeed keeping these Jewish days as the Sabbath keeping churches falsely claim. There would be NOTHING to JUDGE and therefore again no need to teach Christians not to let the judging of others bother them for NOT keeping these Jewish days if so be that the church did indeed keep these Jewish days.
However, the truth of the matter is that there was indeed controversy and contention and SOME of the JEWS or Jewish Christians, who HELD to the keeping of ALL the law of Moses, were JUDGING and SUBVERTING the souls of believers of the TRUE gospel to put them back into the bondage of keeping ALL of the law of Moses, which NONE in the OLD Testament were able to bear nor we able to keep. Paul was saying do NOT LET others bring CONDEMNATION upon you by them trying steal away your REST that you have entered into by BELIEVING that Jesus is your REST, your SABBATH. Hold fast to the TRUTH of the gospel and do not allow their judging you for NOT keeping the Sabbath and the dietary laws of the OLD covenant.
My point is this. Since the Bible clearly teaches that we are to NOT let ANY man or division of Christianity JUDGE us concerning the KEEPING of the SABBATH. And since the Bible plainly teaches us that the RESURRECTION of Jesus CLEARLY took place on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week, then for ME, I see NO problem of WORSHIPING on SUNDAY as opposed to worshiping God and his Son on SATURDAY.
Now if you are a Sabbath keeper who is reading this study and you are not yet persuaded of the TRUTH that the early church worshiped God on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week, which they called the LORD'S day the I implore you to keep reading, but be it known that I myself do not JUDGE any believer in any matter.
If YOUR faith is not to the point to trust that Jesus IS your REST then continue to keep the Sabbath day until you yourself see the truth that Jesus has become our Sabbath of REST. The word of God shall be the judge of ALL men and women. I teach my readers to follow the leading of the HOLY SPIRIT who dwells in them. You cannot believe something that you do not see for yourself in God's WORD.
Personally I believe that we should worship and praise God EVERY DAY or the week 365 days a year every year of our life, but I am getting ahead of myself.
Please read Matthew 28:1-7, which CLEARLY teaches us that just before sunrise on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week there was a great EARTHQUAKE and an angel descended from heaven and rolled the stone away to release Jesus from the tomb in which he was buried for three full days and three nights.
6. He is NOT here: for he is RISEN, as he said. Come, SEE the PLACE where the Lord lay. (or come on into the tomb and SEE for YOURSELF that his is NOT here, because he has RISEN from the grave just as he TOLD you that he would rise again AFTER the third day. Please see the studies "WHAT DAY JESUS RISE FROM THE DEAD?" and the Bible study called "THE THIRD DAY")
Then in Mark 16:1,2 we read that AFTER the SABBATH had PAST and very early in the morning of the FIRST day of the week at the rising of the sun that the women found the tomb empty and the angel told them that Jesus has RISEN from the dead.
And in Luke 24:1-8 we read,
Finally in John 20:1 we again read that Jesus had risen on the FIRST day of the week.
Remember that the Biblical day BEGAN at sunset. So the FIRST day actually BEGAN at sunset Saturday evening. So between Saturday evening and right before sunrise Sunday morning Jesus was raised from the dead. Then in John 20:19,20 we see that later that SAME DAY being still yet SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week, that Jesus appeared to his disciple in the upper room and showed them PLAINLY that it was really him and NOT just a spirit or a ghost.
"Then the SAME day at evening, being the FIRST day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and said unto them, Peace be unto you.
Now to ME, IF the FIRST day of the week was to be of NO particular importance, then WHY did Almighty God CLEARLY make sure Jesus was in the grave three full nights and three full days so that Jesus would RISE again AFTER being in the grave three full nights and three full days AFTER the THIRD full day, which was on the FIRST day of the week.
Also the THIRD day corresponds to the SEVENTH DAY of REST speaking of the 1000 year reign of Jesus where Almighty God his Father is RESTING that 1000 year DAY while his Son reigns? For a deeper understanding of the THIRD DAY please read the study "THE THIRD DAY". And for the resurrection being AFTER these three full days and three full nights please read the study "WAS JESUS RESURRECTED ON SUNDAY?"
If God truly
wanted to make the SABBATH a DAY to be CONTINUED to be KEPT by the BELIEVERS of the NEW COVENANT, and for this SABBATH DAY to be called the LORD'S DAY, then to
ME, God would have made it so that Jesus would have RISEN from the
dead on the SABBATH day as opposed to Jesus rising from the dead on
the FIRST day of the week, which most all Christians throughout church history call the LORD'S DAY. It is only Sabbath keeping Christians who try and force the Lord's day to be on the seventh day. All other Christians including the early church understand that the Lord's day is the FIRST day of the week. The church began ON the FIRST day of the week. The disciples gathered together on the FIRST day of the week to break bread.
Now going back to the first observation that I made at the beginning of this study about the Apostle John KNOWING which day of the week was the SABBATH day, and yet John SPECIFICALLY stated that the DAY that he was caught up in the Spirit was the LORD'S DAY and NOT the SABBATH day, to ME, this clearly shows that the LORD'S DAY is SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week, in which the early church disciples CAME TOGETHER to break BREAD or to partake of the LORD'S SUPPER and hear the PREACHING of the word of God. Please read Acts 20:7-12, which says,
"And upon the FIRST day of the week, when the disciples CAME TOGETHER to BREAK BREAD (or partake of COMMUNION), Paul PREACHED unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.
9. And there sat in a window a certain young man named Eutychus, being fallen into a deep sleep: and as Paul was long preaching, he sunk down with sleep, and fell down from the third loft, and was taken up DEAD.
10. And Paul went down, and fell on him, and embracing him said, Trouble not yourselves; for his life is in him.
This passage of scripture CLEARLY teaches us that the early church assembled themselves together on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week for their time of fellowship and preaching and the taking of communion as opposed to the SABBATH day as some would DOGMATICALLY DEMAND it to be so. And some even to go as far as teaching that a Christian is taking the MARK of the BEAST if they WORSHIP Almighty God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week.
So then are we to believe these false teachers of God's word? If so then that would mean that Paul and ALL the early church believers were ANTICHRIST who TOOK the MARK of the BEAST by worshiping God of SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week?
Come on dear could of God THINK this through for YOURSELF. If we are to believe that Paul and most of the early church were ANTICHRIST who SUPPOSEDLY took the MARK of the beast by assembling together on SUNDAY to worship God and take communion, then how can we accept ANY of the teachings of Paul or any of the apostle for that matter who supported the teachings of Paul?
Do NOT be DECEIVED or JUDGED by those who FALSELY teach that if you do NOT worship God on the SABBATH day, then you are NOT a TRUE believer, for this is nothing more than VAIN philosophy, and a commandment of MEN!
And for the love of God DO NOT be brought under condemnation and fear by those who FALSELY make the claim that Christians who worship God on SUNDAY are taking the MARK of the beast! Do not let any man JUDGE you for NOT keeping the Jewish days! Do NOT allow their judgment of you for NOT keeping the dietary laws under the OLD covenant trouble you!
Please read the study called "COULD ISLAM BE THE MARK OF THE BEAST?" to understand that those who truly take the MARK of the beast a Christians must deny Jesus as the Son of God and their savior and also profess another god to be their god. To me only Islam fits all the prophecies of the antichrist and false prophet.
But for now I want you to consider 1 Corinthians 16:1,2 where we see that Paul the Apostle had given an order or direction for the churches both in Galatia and in Corinth to take up a collection and have it ready on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week, that he would come to them. Perhaps Paul did this so that he would not have to take time out of his preaching to take the offering. We do not know for sure. All we do know for sure is that Paul wanted the offering collected by SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week, which clearly shows us that the church gathered together on Sunday.
There are also other verse that clearly and plainly teach us that the early church did indeed gather together on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week, which they called the LORD'S day in the early church writings. So we can assume that Paul was coming on SUNDAY as he had done before to PREACH to the CHURCH and then take the offering that had been collected and made ready for Paul when he came on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week with him on his journey to give to the church in need for whom the offering was collected.
Yes it is true that Paul did indeed go into the Synagogue on the Sabbath day, but his intent on doing this was to PREACH the gospel rather that his intent being that of keeping the Sabbath day.
1 Corinthians 16:1,2.
"Now CONCERNING the collection FOR the saints, (This was not Paul's salary so to speak for preaching the gospel. The collection was FOR the saints in need) as I have given order to the churches of Galatia, even so do you.
2. Upon the FIRST day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God has prospered him, that there be no gatherings WHEN I come."
In other words, to ME, Paul was saying, I want you to have this collecting of the offerings that God has so prospered you during the week already taken up, done completed, and out of the way before I get there on SUNDAY to PREACH to you and BREAK BREAD together.
Now again some may argue that Paul and the other apostles went in the synagogues EVERY SABBATH day, so therefore they INTERPRET these verses as being PROOF that the Apostles KEPT the SABBATH day, but if they would open their eyes and read the WHOLE word of God they would know that the apostles went into the synagogues to PREACH the GOSPEL of Jesus Christ. None of the verses or going into the synagogue even hint at all believers going into the synagogue on the Sabbath day for any reason whatsoever other than PREACHING the gospel. We have already seen the clear DISTINCTION that the New Testament makes between the Jews and the CHURCH and that the CHURCH did not gather together in the synagogue to break bread.
Again let me say I understand and agree that it is absolutely correct in saying that the Apostles did in FACT enter into the synagogues on the SABBATH day, but the question remains, did they enter the synagogues on the Sabbath to KEEP the Sabbath, OR to PREACH the GOSPEL?
The books of Acts has several
accounts that clearly show that the apostles PREACHED the GOSPEL of Jesus
Christ on the SABBATH, but none of these verses even HINT that the apostles entered the synagogues on the Sabbath to specifically KEEP the Sabbath. There is NO PROOF from the scriptures that they were KEEPING the SABBATH as the JEWS were keeping the Sabbath.
According to the Jews, the disciples were actually BREAKING the Sabbath, because they were LABORING to REAP the HARVEST of those who had not yet BELIEVED the GOSPEL of Jesus Christ. And in preaching the GOSPEL they ALSO HEALED the sick and if you remember the Jews accused Jesus of NOT KEEPING the Sabbath, because he had SIX days in which to HEAL the sick.
Can you not see my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ, that on the SABBATH days the Apostles were PREACHING the GOSPEL in order to persuade the JEWS to become Christians and then on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week Christians assembled together to partake of communion and share what God was doing among them through the week.
The TRUTH of the matter is that the early church at least in the very beginning MET EVERY DAY to break bread, pray, PREACH the gospel, and to praise God for the mighty works that God was doing through them, INCLUDING these mighty works done ON the Sabbath day and on Sunday the first day of the week! It appears that the early church LABORED preaching the gospel every day of the week taking no time off to rest either on the Sabbath day or on Sunday.
Please read Acts 2:46,47, which says,
In Acts 3:1,2 we see that Peter and John entered the temple DAILY to PRAY at the hour of prayer. We know this because we are told that DAILY there was laid a lame man at the gate called beautiful that asked of alms of them that entered the temple. To ME, they obviously saw this man on the other days as they came to the temple to pray and preach the gospel. And the fact that God ADDED to the church DAILY tells us that the early church PREACHED SEVEN DAYS a week.
The Bible says that how can one believe except they HEAR and how can the HEAR except the gospel be PREACHED. And how can the gospel be preached without being sent. It is the foolishness of PREACHING to save them that BELIEVE. So since believers were being added to the church DAILY or SEVEN days a week, then this means that the gospel was being PREACHED on SEVEN days a week.
So again to me it does not appear that the early church took time to rest from their labor of preaching the gospel and healing the sick on ANY day of the week. Now we know that it is Almighty God HIMSELF who actually does the WORK of healing so this mean that God himself WORKED and still yet WORKS seven day a week healing the sick every day of the week month and year.
Now we know that they PREACHED and TAUGHT the word of God DAILY in the temple, because in Acts 5:42 we are PLAINLY told this FACT.
In other words, the early church did NOT take a day OFF from preaching the gospel ANY day of the week. It is obvious to ME that the early church was to FOLLOW the EXAMPLE of Jesus to do good and heal even on the Sabbath day as our Lord and savior had done. In Acts 6:1-4 we see that the church ministered to the widows on a DAILY basis, but also that this ministry began to suffer or was beginning to be neglected so the Apostles had seven elders who were filled with the Holy Spirit appointed to take care of this matter so that the Apostles could focus on praying, preaching, and studying the word of God.
Then in Acts 17:11,12 we see that the JEWS, who were being preached TO, searched the scriptures DAILY to SEE if the things they were being taught were TRUE and upon searching the word of God for themselves they BELIEVED because they saw for themselves that it was the TRUTH. So I have to strongly disagree with the Sabbath keeping churches that make the claim that the early church kept the Sabbath day using as their proof text the fact that the APOSTLES went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day. To me they did not go into the synagogue to keep the Sabbath day, but rather they went into the synagogue to PREACH the gospel of Jesus Christ and heal the sick as they did EVERY day of the week not resting on ANY day of the week.
Now further down in this same chapter of Acts Paul being moved by the Holy Spirit began the first STREET ministry and preaching the gospel in the market place on a DAILY basis.
In Acts 19:8-10 we see Paul disputing DAILY with both Jews and Greeks over the gospel PERSUADING them for MONTHS and even YEARS before many of them BELIEVED. So again it does not sound like Paul went into the synagogue to keep the Sabbath day, but rather Paul went into the synagogue to dispute the word of God with the Jews to PERSUADE them that Jesus was the Messiah.
9. But when divers were hardened, and believed not (or when different ones hardened their heart and refused to believe), but spake evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, disputing DAILY in the school of one Tyrannus.
We are to DIE DAILY to ourselves and crucify our flesh and take up our cross DAILY. We are to care for our fellow brothers and sisters on a DAILY basis. We are to PRAY DAILY. We are to study the word of God DAILY, so that we know we are being taught the TRUTH. We are to meet DAILY and praise God for what he is doing in our midst. And we are instructed in Hebrews 3:13 to EXHORT one another DAILY. The TRUTH of the matter is that the NEW Testament does NOT COMMAND us a Christians to KEEP ANY particular day of the week to worship God.
However as a whole the early church did in fact gather themselves together on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, which they called the LORD'S DAY.
This can also be seen throughout the history of the church from the very beginning. And when the Bible tells us that the apostles went into the Synagogue on the Sabbath day we can clearly see that the went in unto the Jews to DISPUTE and to PERSUADE the Jews to become BELIEVERS. So to dogmatically demand that the early church was KEEPING the Sabbath day by using the verses that tells us that the apostles went into the Synagogue to DISPUTE and to PERSUADE the Jews to BELIEVE the GOSPEL of Jesus Christ is to INTERPRET the word of God to say what one wants it to say to try and support something that the WHOLE word of God does not support.
So then, I would say to the Seventh Day Adventists and other Sabbaterians that instead of condemning and judging your fellow brothers and sisters, in our Lord Jesus Christ, for worshiping on SUNDAY as opposed to SATURDAY, and even for some to go as far to say that we are taking the MARK of the BEAST by worshiping God on SUNDAY, is for for you and ALL of us to search our OWN hearts to see if we are DAILY serving the Lord our God in the SPIRIT of TRUTH and NOT in the LETTER of the law!
I want to say again that, to ME, the scriptures clearly show
that SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week, is the LORD'S DAY and that it was on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week that was
observed by the early church as a special day to come together in
larger groups to PRAISE God, partake of communion, pray for each
other as well as for others outside the church, and to celebrate the RESURRECTION and life of our Lord Jesus Christ in much the same way that most of the church still does
So then, I do NOT see any reason why some Sabbath keeping churches DOGMATICALLY DEMAND that Christians meet on SATURDAY, the SABBATH, lest or for fear that they take the MARK of the beast by worshiping God on SUNDAY. According to the Bible and the church history, which we will look at in a moment, CLEARLY shows that the early church and the church throughout history has always gathered together on SUNDAY, the LORD'S DAY, to break bread and preach the word of God.
I ALSO find that our duty as Christians is to minister
where ever we are to all mankind on a DAILY basis. We
are to STUDY God's word on a DAILY basis. We are to
PRAY on a DAILY basis. And we are to EXHORT one another
on a DAILY basis. We are to take up our cross on a DAILY basis. In other words, if we are NOT serving Almighty God on a DAILY basis, then we are falling short of what we are called to do.
Now as concerning the keeping of the Sabbath, as in keeping "A" day of the week as a day of REST, I do see that this is BENEFICIAL to mankind, but always remembering that the SABBATH was MADE FOR MAN and NOT that man was made FOR the SABBATH. In other words, we are to KEEP the SPIRIT of the LAW and NOT the LETTER of the LAW.
Therefore, for ME, I have always tried to REST on SUNDAY from my job making money, and work the other SIX days of the week. And if my job required me to work on Sunday, then I would do my best to REST on another day of the week in which I was not required to work. Sometime my job required me to work all seven days of the week for several week without any days off. God KNOWS your heart. Do not be judged or brought under condemnation by MAN,
To ME, the SPIRIT of the keeping of a day of REST is to REST ONE day out of every week. So then, to ME, if you work SIX days a week and REST on ONE day a week, then you are keeping the SPIRIT of the law no matter what day of the week one chooses to rest. Again the SABBATH was MADE FOR MAN and man was NOT made FOR the Sabbath. And God knows your HEART and he knows also that if your job requires you to work of Saturday and on Sunday and that you desire to REST on a day of the week that your job does not require you to work, then you should NOT let man judge you is respect of the Sabbath days or days of REST. Jesus did NOT condemn his disciples for working on the Sabbath day when they picked corn to eat because they were hungry, but rather Jesus DEFENDED them when the were JUDGED or accused by the JEWS for breaking the Sabbath. Jesus said that he was the LORD of the Sabbath.
Please read Mark 2:27,28 which teaches us that the Son of MAN is Lord even of the SABBATH.
The word "Lord" means ruler, as in, ruler over something. In other words, Jesus RULED OVER the Sabbath, rather than letting the Sabbath RULE over him. We are the BODY of Jesus Christ. So to ME, this is saying that we are not to let the Sabbath RULE over us, but rather we are to rule over the Sabbath day, it that, YES, we should honor ONE day a week as a day of REST for our own GOOD, but NOT to come under judgment of others, or condemnation if circumstances arise in our life that prevent us from keeping a day of REST on SATURDAY or on SUNDAY, or on WHATEVER DAY of the week that works as a day of REST in a persons life.
Some people are threatened with the lose of their job if they ask off on a Saturday or a Sunday, because their employer requires them to work on weekends. If this is you, then REST on another day of the week. Do not make a particular DAY a LETTER of the law, but rather do your best to REST one day a week if at all possible. REST for the body is a GOOD thing and God wants us to have a day of REST.
But also know that Jesus is our REST, and we do enter into our REST when we BELIEVE in Jesus and the word of God. I know at times I was required to work seven days a week and I did so without even being convicted of the Holy Spirit for committing sin by not resting on one day every week.
Remember that we are to follow the SPIRIT of the law and NOT the LETTER of the law. Therefore if your work demands that you work on Saturday and Sunday, then simply pick another day of REST during the week to be your Sabbath, which mean REST, as in, the one day a week that you honor God by RESTING from heavy work. If your car breaks down or some other circumstance arises that you have no choice but to work, then go ahead and work. Let each one of you work out your OWN salvation on this matter of keeping the Sabbath Holy before the Lord God Almighty.
Again as for ME, I have always done my best to REST on SUNDAY, and have kept this LORD'S DAY Holy by attending church on SUNDAY, and RESTING the remainder of the day with the family or reading and studying the word of God. But if my job or an unseen circumstance arose that required me to WORK on Sunday, then I worked on Sunday having never been convicted by the Holy Spirit for sinning. And as far a working on Saturday I would say that most of my life I have worked on nearly EVERY Saturday. And again without EVER being condemned or convicted by the Holy Spirit for breaking the Sabbath day.
The word of God says that there are SIX days in which to WORK and that the SEVENTH day should be a day of REST for YOU. I personally do NOT see a COMMAND that the SEVENTH day MUST without fail be on a SATURDAY. In fact the days of the week were not even named in the Bible. All the names of the days of the week are pagan names given to show honor to pagan gods. The SPIRIT of the Sabbath, which means REST is to WORK six days and then REST a day repeating this cycle over and over.
However in the NEW Testament under the NEW covenant there is no mention of resting on ANY day of the week. But the SPIRIT of the law does teach us that rest is GOOD not only for us but for the land as well. Now again this does NOT mean going back to the LETTER of the law in the keeping of a physical DAY of the week. We KNOW the SPIRITUAL meaning of the SEVENTH day. We KNOW the SPIRITUAL meaning of the feast of Passover. We KNOW the SPIRITUAL meaning of circumcision of the flesh. So then just as Jesus has become our CIRCUMCISION and our Passover Lamb so has Jesus become our SEVENTH DAY SABBATH REST.
The word of God also says that HOW can a SINNER do these mighty works of healing. Therefore IF it TRULY were a SIN to worship God on SUNDAY, as opposed to resting on SATURDAY, as some FALSELY teach, then it would be IMPOSSIBLE for me or any other Christian to pray an receive HEALING on a SUNDAY. And I know PERSONALLY that many, MANY, mighty works of HEALING have been done on SUNDAY.
Therefore to ME, there is NO way that worshiping God on SUNDAY CAN be a SIN, otherwise Almighty God would NOT have performed his word by healing all these people on SUNDAY. Almighty God would NOT manifest his PRESENCE to us on SUNDAY, IF SO BE that it were TRULY a SIN to worship God on SUNDAY.
So NO! A thousand times NO, I say to you my dear brothers and sisters in Jesus Christ, who follow the teachings of the Seventh Day Adventists (SDA) or another Sabbath keeping groups that teach that you must without fail keep the Sabbath on SATURDAY, that a Christian who chooses to worship, pray, and REST on SUNDAY is NOT SINNING against God, nor are they taking the MARK of the BEAST! The Seventh Day Adventist pastors, teachers and founders of the doctrines of SDA are FALSELY teaching you on this particular matter. Check out your OWN history of when the Seventh Day Adventist were founded. And also check out the history of the church and you will see that the early church worshiped on Sunday.
Constantine merely made it a law for employers to allow Christians off from work on Sunday, he did not change the day of worship to Sunday, the church was already worshiping on Sunday from the very beginning on the day of PENTECOST. I mean think this through for yourself dear child of God. If so be that the early church kept the Sabbath day then Constantine would have made the law to require employers to let Christians off on SATURDAY as opposed to Sunday. You see my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ, the VERY DAY that the church BEGAN was on a SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week.
Now as I have already said the early church did NOT REST on Sunday. This practice of RESTING of Sunday came o be around the fourth and fifth centuries when the Roman Catholic church began to become the dominate influence in forming of man made church doctrine with no scriptural support.
It is neither a sin to rest on Sunday or NOT to rest on Sunday.
Thanks for reading. May God bless you richly as you continue to seek the TRUTH of the WHOLE word of God. For further study on this subject I have some related studies highlighted in blue that I have done on this subject listed below along with a few websites of others that might interest you. And please do not forget to read the early church writers wrote as recorded by the HISTORY of the church following this list of other studies below.
I said earlier that I would get into the history of the church and the history Seventh Day Adventist church, but personally at this point I do not see the need. I feel that I have given you my readers enough SOUND BIBLICAL evidence for you to make the RIGHT choice as to what you should believe according to the WHOLE word of Almighty God.
However since I did say that I would get to the HISTORY of how the Seventh Day Adventist church began I will include the LINKS to some website that I myself have researched so if you do want to do some studying on your own, then please consider the links that are below for the history of the SDA church.
And again following these links are some quotes from the early church fathers as I also promised I would share with your my readers who are TRULY seeking to know the TRUTH of the whole word of God. The dates of when these sermons or letters were written by the early church writers are given first, and then at the end of each quote are the sources where these quotes were taken. Please take note that many of these early church writings were written long before the Catholic church SUPPOSEDLY changed Sabbath keeping to Sunday worship.
The Ellen G. White website:
The origin of Sabbath law:
A video teaching with the printed teaching:
Things Jesus taught appear to teach to keep the Sabbath day:
The HISTORY of the CHURCH assembling on Sunday the Lord's day:
Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,
PS. BELOW I have written out some QUOTES by the early church writers that CLEARLY and PLAINLY show us without a doubt that the early church worshiped God on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week and that they did NOT keep the Sabbath day as the JEWS.
RETURN TO HOMEPAGE
Now let us take a look at the "HISTORY OF SABBATH KEEPING". In this study I just give you the quotes of the early church writers, but in the study called History of Sabbath Keeping I cover the history of when Sabbath keeping began to start being pushed again among Christians. I cover the founding of the Seventh Day Adventist church and the false prophecies of Ellen G. White that the members of this church so highly revere as their prophetess who alone they trust and believe has true revelation from God.
Below are some quotes of early church writers that clearly teach us that the early church did NOT keep the Sabbath day, as in, on SATURDAY the 7th day of the week, but rather the early church throughout history from it's beginning worshiped God on SUNDAY the 1st day of the week, which is sometimes referred to as the 8th day of the week or the day AFTER the Sabbath day, or the LORD'S DAY. (The emphasis is mine in these quotes given below):
The date is given first and the source is given at the end.
Quote number #:
#1. 90AD DIDACHE:
"Christian Assembly on the Lord's Day:
1. But every Lord's day do ye gather yourselves together, and break bread, and give thanksgiving after having confessed your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure.
2. But let no one that is at variance with his fellow come together with you, until they be reconciled, that your sacrifice may not be profaned.
3. For this is that which was spoken by the Lord: In every place and time offer to me a pure sacrifice; for I am a great King, saith the Lord, and my name is wonderful among the nations." (Didache: The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, Chapter XIV)
#2. 100 AD BARNABAS:
"We keep the eighth day [Sunday] with joyfulness, the day also on which Jesus rose again from the dead" (The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD 15:6-8).
#3. 100 AD BARNABAS:
Moreover God says to the Jews, 'Your new moons and Sabbaths I cannot endure.' You see how he says, 'The present Sabbaths are not acceptable to me, but the Sabbath which I have made in which, when I have rested [heaven: Heb 4] from all things, I will make the beginning of the eighth day which is the beginning of another world.' Wherefore we Christians keep the eighth day for joy, on which also Jesus arose from the dead and when he appeared ascended into heaven. (15:8f, The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers , vol. 1, pg. 147)
#4. 110AD Pliny:
They were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a god, and bound themselves by a solemn oath not to (do) any wicked deeds, never to commit any fraud, theft, or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up; after which it was their custom to separate, and then reassemble to partake of good food—but food of an ordinary and innocent kind. (About three years after the death of Ignatius in 250, an important official communication was sent from one Pliny to Trajan the Roman emperor. Pliny, the Roman governor of Bithynia, wrote of the Christians who had been congregating there probably from at least A.D. 62 onwards. In this remarkable it is explicitly stated that these early Christians observed the substance of most of the Ten Commandments, and it is implied that they observed all ten as far as they were able to do so. As far as they were able, for as most of the early Christians were of slave stock or from other lower classes'-, and those who had heathen masters or employers—the vast majority—would be forced to work on THIER day of rest, which was unfortunately an official working day throughout the empires' until Constantine's "Sabbath" Edict in 321 A.D. gave them some measure of public protection. Hence one reads that after meeting "on a certain FIXED day before it was light", the first century Bithynian Christians had "to separate"—many of them having to labour for their masters and/or employers from dawn to dusk—"and then reassemble to partake of . . . food". The "certain fixed day" [stato die"'] on which the Christians met, is regarded by Seventh-day Adventists as Saturday'-. Certainly the expression would seem to indicate a regular day of meeting, probably each week. But Sunday is FAR more likely to have been the "certain fixed day" than Saturday. For if Pliny had been referring to the old Saturday Sabbath, as a Roman he would doubtless have referred to the "later" meeting first and only then to the morning meeting on the day after the "certain fixed day", seeing that the old Saturday Sabbath was demarcated from the evening of one day to the evening of the following day. But Pliny makes no such reference. Instead, he mentions that the pre-dawn meeting took place first—and only after wards the later meeting; and that both meetings took place on the SAME "certain fixed day". This rather points to the Roman (and—more importantly!—New Testament) midnight to midnight demarcation of modern Sunday-keepers than to the evening to evening demarcation of the Jews and the Seventh-day Adventists. (The Covenantial Sabbath, Francis Nigel Lee, Pg 242)
Also I myself will further add to the comment of the writer above that mere common sense plainly teaches us that Pliny was clearly speaking of SUNDAY, because the LAW that Constantine passed was not to mandate work on SUNDAY so that these Christians could worship God on SUNDAY. So the CLAIM by the Seventh Day Advent church that the fixed day of worship for Christians was a Saturday is FALSE. Other wise Constantine would have made it a law the employers allowed Christians off for work on a Saturday rather than on a Sunday. This PROVES beyond any shadow of a doubt that the Christians were ALREADY worshiping God on SUNDAY the FIRST DAY of the week from the very beginning of the church on the day of Pentecost. The truth of the matter is that Constantine only made it easier for Christians to worship God on Sunday without being persecuted by their employers or owners by passing the EDICT making it a LAW to force heathen employers to let their employees have at least some time off from work so that they could worship God on SUNDAY. Every Sabbath keeper will AGREE that Constantine's "SABBATH" is referring to SUNDAY as the day of the week and NOT as Saturday being the REST for Christians. Again all the Constantine did was to pass a law making it EASIER fro Christian to worship on the DAY that they had ALREADY been worshiping on since the very beginning at the DAY of PENTECOST, which is on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week that Christian called the LORD'S day the day our Lord rose from the grave. Open your EYES dear child of God and read what these early church writings are teaching us about the EARLIEST believers as to which day the early church worshiped God. SUNDAY has ALWAYS been the Sabbath or the day of REST of the early church and the church throughout it's entire history.
#5. 150 AD EPISTLE OF THE APOSTLES:
- I [Christ] have come into being on the eighth day which is the day of the Lord. (18)
#6. 150 AD JUSTIN:
"He then speaks of those Gentiles, namely us, who in every place offer sacrifices to Him, i.e., the bread of the Eucharist, and also the cup of the Eucharist, affirming both that we glorify His name, and that you profane [it]. The command of circumcision, again, bidding [them] always circumcise the children on the eighth day, was a type of the true circumcision, by which we are circumcised from deceit and iniquity through Him who rose from the dead on the first day AFTER the Sabbath, [namely through] our Lord Jesus Christ. For the first day after the Sabbath, remaining the first of all the days, is called, however, the eighth, according to the number of all the days of the cycle, and [yet] remains the first.". (Justin, Dialogue 41:4)
#7. 150 AD JUSTIN:
...those who have persecuted and do persecute Christ, if they do not repent, shall not inherit anything on the holy mountain. But the Gentiles, who have believed on Him, and have repented of the sins which they have committed, they shall receive the inheritance along with the patriarchs and the prophets, and the just men who are descended from Jacob, even although they neither keep the Sabbath, nor are circumcised, nor observe the feasts. Assuredly they shall receive the holy inheritance of God. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers , vol. 1, page 207)
#8. 150 AD JUSTIN:
But if we do not admit this, we shall be liable to fall into foolish opinion, as if it were not the same God who existed in the times of Enoch and all the rest, who neither were circumcised after the flesh, nor observed Sabbaths, nor any other rites, seeing that Moses enjoined such observances... For if there was no need of circumcision before Abraham, or of the observance of Sabbaths, of feasts and sacrifices, before Moses; no more need is there of them now, after that, according to the will of God, Jesus Christ the Son of God has been born without sin, of a virgin sprung from the stock of Abraham. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers , vol. 1, page 206)
#9. 150 AD JUSTIN:
Moreover, all those righteous men already mentioned [after mentioning Adam. Abel, Enoch, Lot, Noah, Melchizedek, and Abraham], though they kept no Sabbaths, were pleasing to God; and after them Abraham with all his descendants until Moses... And you [fleshly Jews] were commanded to keep Sabbaths, that you might retain the memorial of God. For His word makes this announcement, saying, "That you may know that I am God who redeemed you." (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers , vol. 1, page 204)
#10. 150 AD JUSTIN:
There is no other thing for which you blame us, my friends, is there than this? That we do not live according to the Law, nor, are we circumcised in the flesh as your forefathers, nor do we observe the Sabbath as you do. (Dialogue with Trypho 10:1. In verse 3 the Jew Trypho acknowledges that Christians 'do not keep the Sabbath.')
#11. 155 AD Justin Martyr:
"[W]e too would observe the fleshly circumcision, and the Sabbaths, and in short all the feasts, if we did not know for what REASON they were enjoined [on] you--namely, on account of your transgressions and the hardness of your heart. . . . [H]ow is it, Trypho, that we would not observe those rites which do not harm us--I speak of fleshly circumcision AND Sabbaths AND feasts? . . . God enjoined you [Jews] to keep the Sabbath, and impose on you other precepts for a sign, as I have already said, on account of your unrighteousness and that of your fathers" (Dialogue with Trypho the Jew 18, 21).
#12. 180 AD ACTS OF PETER:
- Paul had often contended with the Jewish teachers and had confuted them, saying 'it is Christ on whom your fathers laid hands. He abolished their Sabbath and fasts and festivals and circumcision.' (1: I)-2
#13. 180 AD GOSPEL OF PETER:
Early in the morning when (the Sabbath dawned, a multitude from Jerusalem and the surrounding country came to see the scaled sepulchre. In the night in which the Lord's day dawned, while the soldiers in pairs for each watch were keeping guard, a great voice came from heaven. [There follows an account of the resurrection. Early in the morning of the Lord's day Mary Magdalene, a disciple of the Lord .... came to the sepulchre. (9:34f.; 12:50f.)
#14. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:
(in commenting on each of the Ten Commandments and their Christian meaning:) The seventh day is proclaimed a day of rest, PREPARING by abstention from evil FOR the Primal day, our TRUE rest. (Ibid. VII. xvi. 138.1)
I will add that the meaning of the word "Primal" means an "ARCHETYPAL", which means an original TYPE pointing to the TRUE. So this early church writer is saying what Paul teaches us in scripture that the things in the OLD Testament are TYPES and SHADOWS or the TRUE which was to come. Jesus became our SABBATH, and we have entered into our REST being in Jesus Christ. The SABBATH was an ARCHETYPAL pointing toward our TRUE REST which was to come being FULFILLED in the ATONEMENT of Jesus.
#15. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:
He does the commandment according to the Gospel and keeps the Lord's day, whenever he puts away an evil mind . . . glorifying the Lord's resurrection in himself. (Ibid. Vii.xii.76.4)
#16. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:
Plato prophetically speaks of the Lord's day in the tenth book of the Republic, in these words: 'And when seven days have passed to each of them in the meadow, on the eighth they must go on." (Miscellanies V.xiv.106.2)
#17. 200 AD BARDESANES:
Wherever we are, we are all called after the one name of Christ Christians. On one day, the first of the week, we assemble ourselves together (On Fate)
#18. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:
"We solemnize the day AFTER Saturday in contradistinction to those who call this day their Sabbath" (Tertullian's Apology, Ch 16)
In other words, Tertullian is saying that we Christians DISTINGUISH us from the JEWS who hold Saturday as THEIR Sabbath by solemnizing or reverencing the day AFTER Saturday as our day of worship and rest.
#19. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:
It follows, accordingly, that, in so far as the abolition of carnal circumcision and of the old law is demonstrated as having been consummated at its specific times, so ALSO the observance of the Sabbath is demonstrated to have been temporary. (An Answer to the Jews 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 155)
#20. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:
Let him who contends that the Sabbath is still to be observed a balm of salvation, and circumcision on the eighth day because of threat of death, teach us that in earliest times righteous men kept Sabbath or practiced circumcision, and so were made friends of God. .. ...Therefore, since God originated Adam uncircumcised, and inobservant of the Sabbath, consequently his offspring also, Abel, offering Him sacrifices, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was by Him commended... Noah also, uncircumcised - yes, and inobservant of the Sabbath - God freed from the deluge. For Enoch, too, most righteous man, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, He translated from this world... Melchizedek also, "the priest of most high God," uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was chosen to the priesthood of God. (An Answer to the Jews 2:10; 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 153)
#21. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:
Others . . . suppose that the sun is the god of the Christians, because it is well-known that we regard Sunday as a day of joy. (To the Nations 1: 133)
Keep in mind that this was well BEFORE Constantine SUPPOSEDLY CHANGED the day of rest and worship to SUNday as the Seventh Day Adventist church CLAIMS. But it TRUTH Christians had ALREADY been worshiping God on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week that they also called the LORD'S day, the day that our Lord and savior Jesus rose from the dead. So as early as Tertullian in 200 AD there were groups of JEWS and Christian JEWS who ASSUMED or who SUPPOSED, or who FALSELY ACCUSED Christians for worshiping God on SUNDAY that they were worshiping a sun god and not the true God.
#22. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:
To us Sabbaths are foreign. (On Idolatry, 14:6)4
#23. 220 AD ORIGEN:
"On Sunday none of the actions of the world should be done. If then, you abstain from all the works of this world and keep yourselves free for spiritual things, go to church, listen to the readings and divine homilies, meditate on heavenly things. (Homil. 23 in Numeros 4, PG 12:749)
#24. 220 AD Origen:
"Hence it is not possible that the [day of] rest after the Sabbath should have come into existence from the seventh [day] of our God. On the contrary, it is our Savior who, after the pattern of his own rest, caused us to be made in the likeness of his death, and hence also of his resurrection" (Commentary on John 2:28).
#25. 225 AD The Didascalia:
"The apostles further appointed: On the first day of the week let there be service, and the reading of the Holy Scriptures, and the oblation, because on the first day of the week our Lord rose from the place of the dead, and on the first day of the week he arose upon the world, and on the first day of the week he ascended up to heaven, and on the first day of the week he will appear at last with the angels of heaven" (Didascalia 2).
And I add further that the church BEGAN on the day of Pentecost on a SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week. The early church evidence and the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible make it quite clear that the early church worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, called the LORD'S day and that they did NOT KEEP the Sabbath day as the JEWS.
#26. 250 AD CYPRIAN:
The eight day, that is, the first day after the Sabbath, and the Lord's Day." (Epistle 58, Sec 4)
#27. 250 AD IGNATIUS:
"If, therefore, those who were brought up in the ancient order of things have come to the possession of a new hope, no longer observing the Sabbath, but living in the observance of the Lord's Day, on which also our life has sprung up again by Him and by His death-whom some deny, by which mystery we have obtained faith, and therefore endure, that we may be found the disciples of Jesus Christ, our only Master-how shall we be able to live apart from Him, whose disciples the prophets themselves in the Spirit did wait for Him as their Teacher? And therefore He whom they rightly waited for, being come, raised them from the dead. If, then, those who were conversant with the ancient Scriptures came to newness of hope, expecting the coming of Christ, as the Lord teaches us when He says, "If ye had believed Moses, ye would have believed Me, for he wrote of Me; " and again, "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it, and was glad; for before Abraham was, I am; " how shall we be able to live without Him? The prophets were His servants, and foresaw Him by the Spirit, and waited for Him as their Teacher, and expected Him as their Lord and Saviour, saying, "He will come and save us." Let us therefore NO longer keep the Sabbath after the Jewish manner, and rejoice in days of idleness; for "he that does not work, let him not eat." For say the [holy] oracles, "In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat thy bread." But let every one of you keep the Sabbath after a spiritual manner, rejoicing in meditation on the law, NOT in relaxation of the body, admiring the workmanship of God, and not eating things prepared the day before, nor using lukewarm drinks, and walking within a prescribed space, nor finding delight in dancing and plaudits which have no sense in them. And after the observance of the Sabbath, let every friend of Christ keep the Lord's Day as a festival, the resurrection-day, the queen and chief of all the days [of the week]. Looking forward to this, the prophet declared, "To the end, for the eighth day," on which our life both sprang up again, and the victory over death was obtained in Christ, whom the children of perdition, the enemies of the Saviour, deny, "whose god is their belly, who mind earthly things," who are "lovers of pleasure, and not lovers of God, having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof." These make merchandise of Christ, corrupting His word, and giving up Jesus to sale: they are corrupters of women, and covetous of other men's possessions, swallowing up wealth insatiably; from whom may ye be delivered by the mercy of God through our Lord Jesus Christ! (Epistle of Ignatius to the Magnesians, Chapter IX)
#28. 250 AD IGNATIUS:
"On the day of the preparation, then, at the third hour, He received the sentence from Pilate, the Father permitting that to happen; at the sixth hour He was crucified; at the ninth hour He gave up the ghost; and before sunset He was buried. During the Sabbath He continued under the earth in the tomb in which Joseph of Arimathaea had laid Him. At the dawning of the Lord's day He arose from the dead, according to what was spoken by Himself, "As Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of man also be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. "The day of the preparation, then, comprises the passion; the Sabbath embraces the burial; the Lord's Day contains the resurrection." (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians, chapter 9)
#29. 250 AD IGNATIUS:
If any one fasts on the Lord's Day or on the Sabbath, except on the paschal Sabbath only, he is a murderer of Christ. (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Philippians, chapter 8)
#30. 250 AD IGNATIUS:
"This [custom], of not bending the knee upon Sunday, is a symbol of the resurrection, through which we have been set free, by the grace of Christ, from sins, and from death, which has been put to death under Him. Now this custom took its rise from apostolic times, as the blessed Irenaeus, the martyr and bishop of Lyons, declares in his treatise On Easter, in which he makes mention of Pentecost also; upon which [feast] we do not bend the knee, because it is of equal significance with the Lord's day, for the reason already alleged concerning it." (Ignatius, Fragments)
#31. 300 AD Victorinus:
"The sixth day [Friday] is called parasceve, that is to say, the preparation of the kingdom. . . . On this day also, on account of the passion of the Lord Jesus Christ, we make either a station to God or a fast. On the seventh day he rested from all his works, and blessed it, and sanctified it. On the former day we are accustomed to fast rigorously, that on the Lord's day we may go forth to our bread with giving of thanks. And let the parasceve become a rigorous fast, lest we should APPEAR to observe ANY Sabbath with the Jews . . . which Sabbath he [Christ] in his body ABOLISHED" (The Creation of the World).
#32. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:
"They did not, therefore, regard circumcision, NOR observe the Sabbath NEITHER do we; ... because such things as these do NOT belong to Christians" (Ecc. Hist., Book 1, Ch. 4)
#33. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:
[The Ebionites] were accustomed to observe the Sabbath and other Jewish customs but on the Lord's days to celebrate the same practices as we in remembrance of the resurrection of the Savior. (Church History Ill.xxvii.5)
I will also add that the Ebionites were Christians who were seduced by the Jews to keep the Jewish customs. In other words, the Ebionites were Judanized Christians. The Ebionites also taught the need to be circumcised in the flesh in order to be saved. Some today would not even consider Ebionites as being true Christians since they went back to trusting the law of Moses to be saved.
#34. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:
"They [the pre- Mosaic saints of the Old Testament] did not care about circumcision of the body, neither do we [Christians]. They did not care about observing Sabbaths, nor do we. They did not avoid certain kinds of food, neither did they regard the other distinctions which Moses first delivered to their posterity to be observed as symbols; nor do Christians of the present day do such things" (Church History 1:4:8).
#35. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:
"The day of his [Christ's] light . . . was the day of his resurrection from the dead, which they say, as being the one and only truly holy day and the Lord's day, is better than any number of days as we ordinarily understand them, and better than the days set apart by the Mosaic Law for feasts, new moons, and Sabbaths, which the Apostle [Paul] teaches are the shadow of days and not days in reality" (Proof of the Gospel 4:16:186).
#36. 345 AD Athanasius:
"The Sabbath was the end of the first creation, the Lord's day was the beginning of the second, in which he renewed and restored the old in the same way as he prescribed that they should formerly observe the Sabbath as a memorial of the end of the first things, so we honor the Lord's day as being the memorial of the new creation" (On Sabbath and Circumcision 3).
#37. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:
Be not careless of yourselves, neither deprive your Saviour of His own members, neither divide His body nor disperse His members, neither prefer the occasions of this life to the word of God; but assemble yourselves together every day, morning and evening, singing psalms and praying in the Lord's house: in the morning saying the sixty-second Psalm, and in the evening the hundred and fortieth, but principally on the Sabbath-day. And on the day of our Lord's resurrection, which is the Lord's day, meet more diligently, sending praise to God that made the universe by Jesus, and sent Him to us, and condescended to let Him suffer, and raised Him from the dead. Otherwise what apology will he make to God who does not assemble on that day to hear the saving word concerning the resurrection, on which we pray thrice standing in memory of Him who arose in three days, in which is performed the reading of the prophets, the preaching of the Gospel, the oblation of the sacrifice, the gift of the holy food? (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 2)
#38. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:
"How We Ought to Assemble Together, and to Celebrate the Festival Day of Our Saviour's Resurrection. On the day of the resurrection of the Lord, that is, the Lord's day, assemble yourselves together, without fail, giving thanks to God, and praising Him for those mercies God has bestowed upon you through Christ, and has delivered you from ignorance, error, and bondage, that your sacrifice may be unspotted, and acceptable to God,..." (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 7)
#39. 350 AD Cyril of Jerusalem:
"Fall NOT AWAY either into the sect of the Samaritans or into Judaism, for Jesus Christ has henceforth ransomed you. Stand aloof from ALL observance of Sabbaths and from calling any indifferent meats common or unclean" (Catechetical Lectures 4:37).
#40. 360 AD Council of Laodicea:
"Christians should NOT Judaize and should NOT be idle on the Sabbath, but should work on that day; they should, however, particularly reverence the Lord's day and, if possible, not work on it, because they were Christians" (canon 29).
#41. 387 AD John Chrysostom:
"You have put on Christ, you have become a member of the Lord and been enrolled in the heavenly city, and you still grovel in the Law [of Moses]? How is it possible for you to obtain the kingdom? Listen to Paul's words, that the observance of the Law overthrows the gospel, and learn, if you will, how this comes to pass, and tremble, and shun this pitfall. Why do you keep the Sabbath and fast with the Jews?" (Homilies on Galatians 2:17).
#42. 412 AD Augustine:
"Well, now, I should like to be told what there is in these Ten Commandments, except the observance of the Sabbath, which ought NOT to be kept by a Christian . . . Which of these commandments would anyone say that the Christian ought not to keep? It is possible to contend that it is not the Law which was written on those two tables that the apostle [Paul] describes as 'the letter that kills' [2 Cor. 3:6], but the law of circumcision and the other sacred rites which are now abolished" (The Spirit and the Letter 24).
#43. 597 AD Gregory I:
"But after that the grace of almighty God, our Lord Jesus Christ, has appeared, the commandments of the Law which were spoken figuratively cannot be kept according to the letter. For if anyone says that this about the Sabbath is to be kept, he must needs say that carnal sacrifices are to be offered. He must say too that the commandment about the circumcision of the body is still to be retained. But let him hear the apostle Paul saying in opposition to him: 'If you be circumcised, Christ will profit you nothing' (Gal. 5:2)" (Letters 13:1).
So then, BOTH the Scriptures and the writings of the early church believers AGREE that the law of God contained in some 613 carnal ordinances were indeed ABOLISHED at the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ.
What more is there to say concerning this subject of whether or not a Christian should keep ALL the law of Moses including the dietary law except to take a look at the history or the beginning of the Seventh Day Adventist church. For you see, the keeping of ALL the law of Moses began with the dogmatic teaching that a Christian MUST without fail observe the SEVENTH day SATURDAY SABBATH according to the law of Moses and the FOURTH COMMANDMENT of God lest that Christian be found a willful sinner.
According to Wikipedia the ADVENTIST movement began with a man named William Miller. His followers from 1831 to 1844 where called Millerites. Here are two quotes from Wikipedia and here is a link to the article from which came the following quotes: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Seventh-day_Adventist_Church
"The Seventh-day Adventist Church formed out of the movement known today as the Millerites. In 1831, a Baptist convert, William Miller (until then a Deist), was asked by a Baptist to preach in their church and began to preach that the Second Advent of Jesus would occur somewhere between March 1843 and March 1844, based on his interpretation of Daniel 8:14. A following gathered around Miller that included many from the Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian and Christian Connection churches. In the summer of 1844, some of Miller's followers promoted the date of October 22. They linked the cleansing of the sanctuary of Daniel 8:14 with the Jewish Day of Atonement, believed to be October 22 that year. By 1844, over 100,000 people were anticipating what Miller had called the "Blessed Hope". On October 22 many of the believers were up late into the night watching, waiting for Christ to return and found themselves bitterly disappointed when both sunset and midnight passed with their expectations unfulfilled. This event later became known as the Great Disappointment."
"After the disappointment of October 22 many of Miller's followers were left upset and disillusioned. Most ceased to believe in the imminent return of Jesus. Some believed the date was incorrect. A few believed that the date was right but the event expected was wrong. This latter group developed into the Seventh-day Adventist Church."
"A young Seventh Day Baptist lay person named Rachel Oakes Preston living in New Hampshire was responsible for introducing Sabbath to the Millerite Adventists. Due to her influence, Frederick Wheeler, a local Methodist-Adventist preacher, began keeping the seventh day as Sabbath, probably in the early spring of 1844. Several members of the Washington, New Hampshire church he occasionally ministered to also followed his decision. These included William and Cyrus Farnsworth. T. M. Preble soon accepted it either from Wheeler or directly from Oakes. These events were shortly followed by the Great Disappointment.
Preble promoted Sabbath through the February 28, 1845 issue of the Hope of Israel. In March he published his Sabbath views in tract form. Although he returned to observing Sunday in the next few years, his writing convinced Joseph Bates and J. N. Andrews. These men in turn convinced James and Ellen White, as well as Hiram Edson and hundreds of others.
Bates proposed that a meeting should be organised between the believers in New Hampshire and Port Gibson. At this meeting, which occurred sometime in 1846 at Edson's farm, Edson and other Port Gibson believers readily accepted Sabbath and at the same time forged an alliance with Bates and two other folk from New Hampshire who later became very influential in the Adventist church, James and Ellen G. White. Between April 1848, and December 1850 twenty-two "Sabbath conferences" were held in New York and New England. These meetings were often seen as opportunities for leaders such as James White, Joseph Bates, Stephen Pierce and Hiram Edson to discuss and reach conclusions about doctrinal issues."
Many other writers have expose Ellen G White as a FALSE prophet. If you are a Seventh Day Adventist or a Sabbath keeper. then I strong urge you to study the history of your church organization. Please notice that many if not all church denominations dogmatically state that they ALONE are the true church, which is a lie from the enemy Satan. Also please take note that many denominations like the Seventh day Adventist hold their found of the church in such high reverence as being the ONLY one who can interpret the Bible correctly, and yet it has been proven over and over that they have been FALSE prophets because their prophecies did NOT come to pass. So just plain COMMON SENSE should tell the followers of these FALSE prophets that they are NOT CORRECTLY interpreting the scriptures.
So then to all my readers be warned that ANY church that makes the CLAIM that they ALONE are the ONE TRUE church does so to control their followers with fear of losing their salvation if so be that they would try and leave that church denomination are LYING to you and they are DECEIVING you.
The word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible teaches us that we are ALL of one body. We are many members, but yet we are all one body of Jesus Christ. So the TRUTH of the matter is that there are TRUE born again Christians in every Christian church denomination. Therefore put your trust in God's WORD far above the man made teachings of any church denomination. Please do NOT misunderstand what I am saying. I am NOT approving these denominations that the main stream church call CULTS, but rather i am saying that IN some of these so called "cults" there are true born again Christians who are being DECEIVED in SOME areas of doctrines that are NOT SOUND BIBLICAL teachings. I myself was DECEIVED by many FALSE teachings from different denominations in the MAIN stream churches, but this does NOT mean that I was NOT saved at the time. So do not JUDGE your fellow brothers and sister in our Lord Jesus Christ, but rather in LOVE do your best to PERSUADE them with the whole word of God to see the error of their way and let God deal with changing their heart. Only God's WORD can truly change a person's heart.
May God bless you richly as you continue to seek the truth of the whole word of God.
Your brother is our Lord Jesus Christ.