IS THE HEBREW ROOTS MOVEMENT BIBLICAL?


IS THE HEBREW ROOT MOVEMENT BIBLICAL?


To answer this question one needs to understand what I mean by the word “BIBLICAL”. To the JEW the word Biblical would mean the Old Testament, because many Jews do not believe in the New Testament writings. Therefore it is difficult to get many Jews to even listen to the teachings of Jesus, because they do not accept the teachings of the New Testament, unless you show them Jesus through the Old Testament. However the Holy Bible is NOT just the OLD Testament, but rather BOTH the Old Testament AND the NEW Testament, wherein is basically the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophesies of Jesus as the coming Messiah.

So then, what I mean by the word “BIBLICAL” is the WHOLE word of God all 66 books with the EMPHASIS on what Jesus and his disciples taught in the NEW Testament about the NEW covenant between Almighty God and his people both the Jews and the Gentiles. Again please keep in mind that I do NOT exclude the Old Testament as being part of the Bible, but rather I am saying that Almighty God himself is the one who told us IN the Old Testament BEFORE it came to pass that he is doing a NEW THING, and that he was going to make a NEW COVENANT with his people Israel. Jesus came to bring this gospel or this good news of the NEW covenant to his brethren the JEWS. Jesus then instructed his disciples to preach the gospel the he was the PROMISED Messiah to the JEW FIRST and then after the Jews rejected this good news of the NEW covenant they were to preach the gospel to the GENTILES in order to provoke Israel to jealousy.

Please read Isaiah 43:18,19, which is a prophecy of the coming Messiah, who we know is Jesus or Yeshua the Son of Almighty God.


Remember you NOT the FORMER things, neither consider the things of OLD.

19. Behold, I will do a NEW THING; now it shall spring forth; shall you not know it? I will even make a way in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert.”


If we go back a couple of chapters in the book of Isaiah, then we will learn that this NEW THING that Almighty God prophesied to bring forth is speaking about his Son Jesus, who would be his LAMB that was slain for the sins of the world in the mind of God from before the time that mankind was ever created.Almighty God needed to kept his plan SECRET from his enemy Satan because had the Devil known God's plan of salvation he would have never CRUCIFIED the Lord of glory.

Clearly Isaiah 42:1-9 is a PROPHECY of JESUS as the one whom Almighty God has CHOSEN to be the means by which God shall reconcile mankind back to himself.


“Behold (or open up your eyes and see) my servant, whom I uphold; mine ELECT (or the one whom I myself have CHOSEN), in whom my soul delights; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.

2. He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in the street.

3. A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.

4. He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.

5. Thus says God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which comes out of it; he that gives breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:

6. I the LORD have called you in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep you, and give you for a COVENANT of the people, for a light of the Gentiles;

7. To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.

8. I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images.

9. Behold, the FORMER things are come to pass (or the former things are being TRANSITIONED to NEW things), and NEW things do I declare: before they spring forth I tell you of them.”


Jesus HIMSELF quoted this very passage of scripture here in Isaiah chapter 42 as being FULFILLED in HIM. Also keep in mind that Jesus is in the synagogue speaking to the Jews at the very beginning of his ministry right after Jesus was baptized by John and then led into the desert to be tempted of the Devil. In other words, right from the start of his ministry, Jesus was using the scriptures from the Old Testament to teach the Jews that the very scriptures themselves all POINTED to HIMSELF as the one that Almighty God chose to be their Messiah. In other word's the whole point of all the ceremonial laws were to hide God's plan in SHADOWS, types and figures of his Son which was to come. God hid a little here and a little there, but the Old Testament was written to foretell of the coming of Jesus. Also please keep in mind that this prophecy here in Isaiah foretells of Almighty God giving his Son Jesus as a COVENANT for the people. WHY? God ALREADY had a COVENANT with his people. The TRUTH of the matter is that God was foretelling of a NEW COVENANT that he gave to ALL people both ISRAEL and the GENTILES through his Son Jesus.

Please read Luke 4:13-21 where we read that Jesus was anointed by Almighty God to PREACH the GOSPEL, to PREACH deliverance, and to PREACH the acceptable year of the Lord. And also please keep in mind that Jesus PREACHED to the JEWS first, before the GOSPEL was preached to the GENTILES.


And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season.

14. And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.

15. And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.

16. And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.

17. And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,

18. The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to PREACH the GOSPEL to the poor; he has sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,

19. To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

20. And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.

21. And he began to say unto them, THIS DAY is this scripture FULFILLED in your ears.”


What I want you, the reader, to see is that Almighty God is beginning a NEW THING and that the OLD or the FORMER ways are being TRANSITIONED to this NEW WAY of God dealing with his creation and that this NEW THING is his SON Jesus.

In other words, Almighty God is NO LONGER pleased with the sacrifices of his people Israel. Please read Amos 5:21,22.


“I hate, I DESPISE your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies.

22. Though you offer me burnt offerings and your meat offerings, I will NOT ACCEPT them: NEITHER will I regard the peace offerings of your fat beasts.”


Jesus himself spoke against the Scribes and the Pharisees, because they honored God with their lips, but their hearts were not right with God. Please notice how these Jews judged the disciples of Jesus, because his disciples did not KEEP their traditions as you read Mark 7:1-9.


“Then came together unto him the Pharisees, and certain of the scribes, which came from Jerusalem.

2. And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashed, hands, they found fault.

3. For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except they wash their hands often, eat not, holding the tradition of the elders.

4. And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And MANY other things there be, which they have received to hold, as the washing of cups, and pots, brass vessels, and of tables.

5. Then the Pharisees and scribes asked him, Why walk not your disciples according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with unwashed hands?

6. He answered and said unto them, Well has Isaiah prophesied of you hypocrites, as it is written, This people honors me with their lips, but their HEART is far from me.

7. Howbeit in VAIN do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.

8. For laying aside the commandment of God, you hold the tradition of men, as the washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things you do.

9. And he said unto them, Full well you reject the commandment of God, that you may keep your own tradition.”


Then we read in John 4:21-26 how Almighty God is seeking those to worship him in SPIRIT and in TRUTH. Plain and simple God is NO LONGER pleased with his people Israel and their ritualistic way of of worshiping him and therefore God is CHANGING the way he desires his people to worship him.


“Jesus said unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour comes, when you shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.

22. You worship you know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.

23. But the hour comes, and NOW is, when the true worshipers shall worship the Father in SPIRIT and in TRUTH: for the Father seeks such to worship him.

24. God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in SPIRIT and in truth.

     25. The woman said unto him, I know that Messiah comes, which is called Christ: when HE is come,

      26. HE will tell us all things. Jesus said unto her, I that speak unto you am HE.”


Can you not see that when Jesus came as the Messiah to die for the sins of the world that the way things used to be done CHANGED or more precisely were FULFILLED. Almighty God made a transition from the OLD Testament or the OLD covenant to the NEW TESTAMENT or the NEW covenant by FULFILLING what he had ALSO spoken in the law and the prophets written in the Old Testament. It is NOT that Almighty God himself has CHANGED or changed his MIND, but rather Almighty God is merely FULFILLING that which he had ALREADY spoken or prophesied in the Old Testament.  In Matthew 26:26-28 we read where the SHED BLOOD of Jesus for the sins of many is the NEW TESTAMENT that was brought into place or was FULFILLED by the crucifixion of Jesus.


“And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.

      27. And he took the cup, and gave thanks , and gave it to them, saying , Drink you all of it;

      28. For this is my blood of the NEW TESTAMENT, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.”


But what does this mean that Jesus shed his blood as a NEW TESTAMENT? What was the OLD Testament? Let us go to Hebrews 9:15 and read where Jesus shed his blood and died on the cross in order to bring into FORCE the NEW TESTAMENT.


“And for THIS CAUSE he (speaking of Jesus) is the mediator of the NEW TESTAMENT, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the FIRST testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.”


Let us now focus in on the phrase “And for THIS CAUSE” or for this very REASON Jesus became the mediator of the NEW TESTAMENT and ask yourself the question “WHAT cause or what REASON was there to have need to bring about a NEW TESTAMENT?

To answer this question we need to read the context of this verse, so let us back up to verse 1 and read through to verse of 28 Hebrews chapter 9.


“Then verily the FIRST COVENANT had ALSO ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.

2. For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the show bread; which is called the sanctuary.

3. And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all;

4. Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;

5. And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercy seat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.

6. Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God.

7. But into the second went the high priest alone once EVERY year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people:

8. The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was NOT YET made manifest, WHILE as the FIRST tabernacle was YET standing:

9. Which was a FIGURE for the TIME THEN PRESENT, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;

10. Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and CARNAL ordinances, IMPOSED on THEM (referring to the JEWS) UNTIL the TIME of REFORMATION.(clearly teaching us that at this TIME of REFORMATION these CARNAL ORDINANCES will NO LONGER be IMPOSED upon God's people)

11. BUT Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;

12. Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in ONCE into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.

13. For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies to the purifying of the flesh:

14. How much MORE shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, PURGE your conscience FROM DEAD WORKS to serve the living God?(the works done UNDER the OLD Testament were DEAD WORKS)

15. And for THIS cause (or and for this very reason to PURGE your conscience FROM DEAD WORKS) he (speaking of Jesus) is the mediator of the NEW TESTAMENT, that by means of death, FOR the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.

16. For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.

17. For a testament is of FORCE after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator lives (So then, did Jesus DIE on the cross for your SINS? If you TRULY believe this to be so, that Jesus did in fact die for your sins, then the FIRST testament is NO LONGER in FORCE for you, but rather you are under the NEW TESTAMENT of the blood of Jesus that reconciled you to Almighty God).

18. Whereupon neither the FIRST testament was dedicated without blood.

19. For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people,

20. Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God has enjoined unto you.

21. Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry.

22. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.

23. It was therefore necessary that the PATTERNS of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

24. For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the FIGURES of the TRUE; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:

25. Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest enters into the holy place every year with blood of others;

26. For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now ONCE in the end of the world has he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.

27. And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:

28. So Christ was ONCE offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.”


To sum all of this up, or to put it in simple terms, the sacrifice that Jesus made for the sins of the world is that which is TRUE. In other words, the OLD TESTAMENT was only in force as a type or a shadow of the NEW TESTAMENT that was to come that would be the TRUE, and that which is TRUE was brought into FORCE by the death and resurrection of Jesus the LAMB of Almighty God that was slain for the sins of the world that WHOSOEVER should BELIEVE on Jesus should be FORGIVEN of their sins and be brought back into RIGHT RELATIONSHIP with Almighty God.

The Old Testament was only a pattern, a type, a shadow, or a figure of that what was to come that is TRUE. The Old Testament with all it's carnal ORDINANCES was a figure revealing to us the TRUE sacrifice, the LAMB of Almighty God. Hebrews 9:10 clearly and plainly teaches us that the Old Testament laws were to be only in force UNTIL the coming of the promised Messiah.

"9. Which was a FIGURE for the TIME THEN PRESENT, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;

10. Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on THEM (referring to the JEWS) UNTIL the TIME of REFORMATION."

The word translated as "REFORMATION" here means to straighten, or rectification and carries the meaning of rightly ordering that which was IMPERFECT or INADEQUATE by SUPERSEDING it with a BETTER order of things. In other words, IF the OLD covenant was able to bring people into a RIGHT RELATIONSHIP with Almighty God once and for all time, then there would have been NO NEED for Jesus to DIE for the sins of mankind. Plain and simple the OLD COVENANT was done away so that the NEW COVENANT might be established.

Lets us now back up to chapter 8 of Hebrews and read how the OLD COVENANT has vanished away in order to bring in the NEW COVENANT.

Hebrews 8:1-13, which again teaches us that the OLD covenant was a type and SHADOW of things to come is basically prophecy after prophecy foretelling us of the NEW COVENANT that was brought into FORCE by the shed blood of Jesus.


“Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens;

2. A minister of the sanctuary, and of the TRUE tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.

3. For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.

4. For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law:

5. Who serve unto the EXAMPLE and SHADOW of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, says he, that you make all things according to the pattern showed to you in the mount.

6. But NOW has he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.

7. For if that FIRST covenant had been FAULTLESS, then should no place have been sought for the second.

8. For finding FAULT with them, he said, Behold, the days come, says the Lord, when I will make a NEW COVENANT with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:

9. NOT according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued NOT in my covenant, and I regarded them not, says the Lord.

10. For THIS is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:

11. And they shall not teach every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. (The Bible teaches us that we as true born again Christian who have been filled with the Holy Spirit of Almighty God need not that any man teach us, because the anointing of the Holy Spirit WITHIN US teaches us. This is the NEW COVENANT that God has made with his people that God himself by his Holy Spirit leads and guides us into all truth and he writes his laws that he desires us to do upon our minds and upon our hearts)

12. For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.

13. In that he says, A NEW COVENANT, he has made the FIRST OLD (or he has made the FIRST covenant to be OLD by establishing a NEW covenant with his people). Now that which decays and waxes old is ready to VANISH AWAY.”


So then, does this mean that we as Christians are no longer to read the Old Testament of the Bible? Of course NOT! It is by studying the Old Testament scripture that better helps us to share the GOSPEL with not only the Jews, but also with Muslims, and the rest of the world. The more we can show Jesus through the many passages of scripture written in the Old Testament that PROPHESIED of his coming hundreds of years before he came, then the more likely the Jews, the Muslims and those in the world will receive Jesus as their Messiah before he comes again. Please read the studies "PROPHECIES OF JESUS BEING THE MESSIAH" and "365 PROPHECIES OF JESUS" for a deeper understanding that the Old Testament scriptures spoke of the coming Messiah to SAVE God's people and that these prophecies were FULFILLED in Jesus of Nazareth 2000 years ago and that Jesus is coming again a SECOND TIME. So of course we are to read these Old Testament.

However, we do NOT read the OLD Testament in order to IMPOSE the carnal ordinances written therein upon Christians who have been brought into a right relationship with Almighty God BY the shed BLOOD of Jesus Christ our Lord.

Most Christians know and understand that NO man is justified by the LAW according to Galatians 2:11-21, which clearly and plainly teaches us that Paul rebuked Peter to his face because Peter began to fear the Jews and therefore wrongly withdrew from EATING with the Gentiles.


“But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, (WHY? Why did Paul take a stand against what Peter was doing?) because he was to be blamed. (Why was Peter to be BLAMED?)

12. For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision.

13. And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation.

14. But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If you, being a Jew, live after the manner of Gentiles, and NOT as do the Jews, WHY COMPELL you the Gentiles to LIVE as do the Jews? (which is what the Hebrew Roots Movement is doing to Christians)

15. We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles,

16. Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the LAW shall NO FLESH be JUSTIFIED.

17. But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid.

18. For IF I build AGAIN the things which I destroyed (speaking of the law contained in ordinances that Paul taught were destroyed by the shed blood of Jesus), I make myself a transgressor.

19. For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.

20. I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ lives in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the FAITH of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.

21. I do NOT frustrate the grace of God: for IF righteousness come by the LAW, then Christ is dead in VAIN.”



And yet there are some Christians who are being lead away from this TRUTH in God's word by the Hebrew Roots Movement and the teachings of the 119 Ministries only to be brought under the bondage of the OLD COVENANT LAW wherein were ALSO many CARNAL ORDINANCES IMPOSED upon the JEWS as Hebrews 9:10 clearly and plainly teaches us.


10. Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on THEM (referring to the JEWS) UNTIL the TIME of REFORMATION.”


Please notice that these CARNAL ORDINANCES that were IMPOSED upon the JEWS were imposed upon ONLY the JEWS, and that the early apostles did NOT LIVE as the JEWS any longer. This is made clear to us by Paul rebuke to Peter to his face, when Peter, who HIMSELF did NOT LIVE as the Jews, but then began to fear the Jews and let them IMPOSE their ordinances upon these GENTILE Christians. Also please notice that these carnal ordinances were only imposed on the Jews UNTIL a certain TIME and that time is called the TIME of REFORMATION.

So then, WHAT or more precisely WHEN was this TIME of REFORMATION that the NEW COVENANT went into FORCE? Again most Christians know and understand that this TIME of REFORMATION when the OLD COVENANT was TRANSITIONED to the NEW COVENANT is speaking of the death and resurrection of Jesus the MEDIATOR of this NEW COVENANT.

But for some reason there are some Christians who are being DECEIVED by the Hebrew Roots Movement and the 119 Ministries to FOCUS on the Old Testament writings in the TORAH to IMPOSE on Christians, who were made free from the LAW according to Romans 6:14,15 that we are not UNDER all these ordinances of the LAW that were imposed upon the Jewish people under the OLD COVENANT.


“For sin shall not have dominion over you: for you are NOT UNDER the LAW, but UNDER GRACE.

15. What then? Shall we sin, because we are NOT UNDER the LAW, but under grace? God forbid.

16. Know you not, that to whom you yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants you are to whom you obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?

17. But God be thanked, that you were the servants of sin, but you have obeyed from the HEART that form of DOCTRINE (or teaching of the GOSPEL) which was delivered you.

18. Being then made free from sin, you became the servants of RIGHTEOUSNESS.”


We are NOT made free from the LAW of sin and death to AGAIN be made SERVANTS of the LAW, but rather we are made servants of RIGHTEOUSNESS. So then, what is the DIFFERENCE between keeping the COMMANDMENTS of Almighty God to do GOOD WORKS of RIGHTEOUSNESS, and the keeping of the LAW. For a deeper understanding on this DIFFERENCE between the commandments of God and the LAW please read the study called

THE WORKS OF THE LAW VERSES GOOD WORKS”, but for now let me point out that the Hebrew Roots Movement is not a new trend, but rather this IMPOSING of the carnal ordinances of the law has been around since the beginning of the church.

For you see, we read in the New Testament teachings that some of the Jews, who BELIEVED the GOSPEL of Jesus Christ, were later BEWITCHED or DECEIVED by the Jews that REJECTED the gospel of Jesus Christ and therefore tried to IMPOSE the carnal ordinances of the law upon these new believers so that they would be brought UNDER the LAW. Please read Galatians 3:1-29, which teaches us that there is NO LONGER Jew and Gentile, bond or free, male nor female, but rather we are all one IN Jesus Christ.


“O foolish Galatians, who has BEWITCHED you, that you should NOT obey the TRUTH, before whose eyes Jesus Christ has been evidently set forth, crucified among you?

2. This only would I learn of you, Received you the SPIRIT by the works of the LAW, or by the hearing of FAITH?

3. Are you so foolish? Having BEGUN in the SPIRIT, are you now made perfect by the flesh?

4. Have you suffered so many things in VAIN? If it be yet in vain.

5. He therefore that ministers to you the Spirit, and works miracles among you, does he it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?

6. Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.

7. Know you therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.

8. And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through FAITH, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.

9. So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.

10. For as many as are of the works of the law are under the CURSE: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continues not in ALL things which are written in the book of the LAW to do them.

11. But that NO man is justified by the LAW in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.

12. And the law is NOT of FAITH: but, The man that does them shall live in them.

13. Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written , Cursed is every one that hangs on a tree:

14. That (or so that, or in order that) the blessing of Abraham might come on the GENTILES through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through FAITH.

15. Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannuls, or adds there to.

16. Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He says not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to your seed, which is Christ.

17. And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.

18. For IF the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.

19, Wherefore then serve the law? It was ADDED because of transgressions, TILL the seed should come to whom the promise was made (and that seed was JESUS); and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

20. Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.

21. Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid : for IF there had been a law given which could have given LIFE, verily righteousness should have been by the law.

22. BUT the scripture has concluded all under sin, that the promise by FAITH of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.

23. But BEFORE faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should after wards be revealed.

24. Wherefore the LAW was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by FAITH.

25. But after that FAITH is come, we are NO LONGER UNDER a schoolmaster.

26. For you are all the children of God by FAITH in Christ Jesus.

27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.

28. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for you are all one in Christ Jesus.

29. And if you be Christ's, then are you Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.”


Can you not see my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ that the LAW contained in the CARNAL ORDINANCES was a schoolmaster that was leading us or teaching us about Jesus, the CHRIST. And NOW that Jesus has FULFILLED the LAW and the PROPHETS who foretold of his coming we are NO LONGER UNDER this schoolmaster, the LAW contained in CARNAL ORDINANCES that was teaching us about Jesus the coming Messiah.

In other words, we have NOT been redeemed from our sins by the LAW, but rather we have been reconciled to God by the shed blood of Jesus. So therefore we are taught in 2 Corinthians 3:6-14 that we as Christians are made ministers of the NEW TESTAMENT. This passage of scripture while speaking of the GLORY of the OLD Testament teaches us that the GLORY of the NEW Testament is MUCH MORE glorious.


Who also has made us able ministers of the NEW testament; NOT of the letter, but of the SPIRIT: for (or because) the letter kills (in other words, the letter of the LAW KILLS), but the SPIRIT gives life.

7. But if the ministration of death, written and engraved in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could NOT steadfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away:

8. How shall not the ministration of the SPIRIT be rather glorious?

9. For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, MUCH MORE does the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.

10. For even that which was made glorious had no glory in this respect, by reason of the glory that excels.

11. For if that which is DONE AWAY was glorious, MUCH MORE that which remains is glorious.

12. Seeing then that we have such hope, we use great plainness of speech:

13. And NOT as Moses, which put a veil over his face, that the children of Israel could NOT steadfastly look to the END of that which is ABOLISHED:”



Romans chapter 7 and 8 teaches us that we are DELIVERED from the LAW so that we can serve God in the NEWNESS of SPIRIT rather than in the OLDNESS of the LETTER of the LAW. Then in chapter 8 we read that we who are IN Jesus Christ are no longer under CONDEMNATION, IF SO BE that we obey the SPIRIT of Almighty God within us. In other words, so longs as we follow and obey the Holy Spirit we are the sons and daughters of God. Please read Romans 8:1-14, which clearly teaches us that we are NOT under the condemnation of the LAW, but now those of us who are IN Jesus Christ are to be led BY the Holy Spirit of Almighty God who dwells IN the true born again believer in Jesus Christ.


There is therefore now NO condemnation to THEM which are IN Christ Jesus, WHO WALK NOT AFTER THE FLESH, but AFTER the SPIRIT.

2. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me FREE from the law of sin and death.

3. For what the LAW could NOT DO, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:

4. That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk NOT after the flesh, BUT (the RIGHTEOUSNESS of the law is FULFILLED is us WHO walk) AFTER the SPIRIT.

5. For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.

6. For to be carnally minded is DEATH; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.

7. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

8. So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.(so then if you are living in sin fulfilling the lust of your flesh, then you are NOT pleasing God)

9. But you are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, IF SO BE that the Spirit of God dwell IN you. Now if any man have NOT the Spirit of Christ, he is NONE of his.

10. And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.

11. But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwells in you.

12. Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, NOT to the flesh, to live after the flesh.

13. For if you live after the flesh, you shall DIE: but IF you THROUGH the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, you shall LIVE.

14. For as many as are LED BY the SPIRIT of God, THEY (speaking of ONLY those believers in Jesus Christ who are obeying the leading of the Holy Spirit, THEY) are the sons of God.”


You have to understand the DIFFERENCE between the keeping of the LAW of the OLD Testament and the OBEYING of the SPIRIT of God. You see Almighty God wants us to be HIS WORKMANSHIP wherein we do good works of RIGHTEOUSNESS not in our OWN strength, but rather the good works of righteousness that we do are accomplished by his grace THROUGH FAITH in the promises of his word and the empowerment of the indwelling of his Holy Spirit within us. Please read Ephesians 2:8-19.


For by grace are you saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:

9. Not of works, lest any man should boast.

10. For we are HIS workmanship, created in Christ Jesus UNTO GOOD WORKS, which God has before ORDAINED that we should walk in them.

11. Wherefore remember, that you (who are now a GENTILE CHRISTIAN if you will, so you can see that God is reconciling BOTH the Jew and the Gentile to himself through the NEW TESTAMENT, the YOU) being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands;

12. That at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having NO HOPE, and without God in the world:

13. But now in Christ Jesus you who sometimes were far off are made NIGH by the blood of Christ.

14. For he is our peace, who has made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;

15. Having ABOLISHED in his flesh the enmity, EVEN the LAW of commandments contained in ORDINANCES; (WHY? Why did Jesus ABOLISH the ORDINANCES of the law?) for to make in himself of two one new man, so making peace;

16. And that he might reconcile BOTH unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:

17. And came and PREACHED peace to you (speaking of the GENTILES) which were afar off, AND to them that were nigh (referring to the JEWS).

18. For through him we BOTH have access by one Spirit unto the Father.

19. Now therefore you are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints, and of the household of God;”


You see my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ, we who were once called GENTILES and of the UNCIRCUMCISION by the Jews, but who are NOW brought into the family of God by the shed blood of Jesus Christ through our FAITH in the gospel are not made to be JEWS by our faith. Rather we are grafted into the household of God. In other words, in the eyes of God those of us who BELIEVE the gospel whether we were once a Jew or we were once a Gentile there is now NO MORE Gentile and Jew, but rather we are made ONE in Jesus Christ. The CIRCUMCISION in the FLESH made with hands has been ABOLISHED at the cross of Jesus. Please read the study called "HAS GOD'S LAW BEEN ABOLISHED?" where I point out the ERRORS of the Hebrew Roots Movement by using a article written by the 119 Ministries. Please understand that I am not picking on any one denomination, but rather I am exposing the ERRORS made by these FALSE teachings in their INTERPRETATIONS of the scriptures. But for now let us continue with this study in God's word to show you the TRUTH of the WHOLE word of God.

Please read Romans 11:13-23, where Paul is speaking primarily to the GENTILES, to get us to understand that the severity of God toward his people the Jews in order to provoke them to jealousy has now turned to God's GOODNESS to us who were Gentiles being afar off without God having NO HOPE, but NOW through our FAITH in Jesus Christ are made NIGH to the throne of grace to obtain help in our time of need.


For I speak to you GENTILES, in as much as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:

14. If by any means I may provoke to emulation them which are my flesh (Paul speaking of himself as being BORN a Jew), and might save some of them.

15. For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead?

16. For if the first fruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

17. And if some of the branches be broken off, and you (a Gentile), being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them, and with them partake of the root and fatness of the olive tree;

18. Boast not against the branches. But if you boast, you bear not the root, but the root you.

19. You will say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be grafted in.

20. Well; because of UNBELIEF they were broken off, and you stand by FAITH. Be not high minded, but fear:

21. For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not you.

     22. Behold therefore the goodness AND severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward you, goodness, IF you continue in his goodness: otherwise you ALSO shall be cut off.

      23. And they also, IF they abide not STILL in UNBELIEF, shall be grafted in: for God is able to graft them in AGAIN.”


Can you not see my dear brothers and sisters, in our Lord Jesus Christ, that the OLD Testament was DONE AWAY with, in that, God NO LONGER ACCEPTED his people Israel THROUGH the LAW contained in ORDINANCES given to God's people under the OLD Testament. Can you not see that ALL those who tried to come to God through the LAW of the OLD Testament after Jesus died and rose from the grave were considered to be in UNBELIEF. The ONLY WAY that the JEWS can approach Almighty God today in order to be grafted back into the household of God is through FAITH in Jesus Christ as their Messiah.

So WHY then, do you as a GENTILE Christian seek to come to Almighty God your Father through the LAW contained in ORDINANCES, when God does NOT even accept his chosen people of Israel any more through the LAW contained in ORDINANCES? Who has BEWITCHED you to be brought UNDER the LAW to be made like unto a JEW? You are a CHRISTIAN! You are NOT made to be a JEW by the blood of Jesus, but rather you are made to be a CHILD of Almighty God the Father.


Do NOT be DECEIVED by the Hebrew Roots Movement that IMPOSES upon you the CARNAL ORDINANCES of the OLD TESTAMENT or the OLD COVENANT that were only meant to be kept UNTIL the time of REFORMATION.


Let us go back to Hebrews 9:10 for a moment and read is again so we can take a closer look at what this verse is truly teaching us.


10. Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and CARNAL ordinances, imposed on THEM (referring to the JEWS) UNTIL the TIME of REFORMATION.”


The word that is translated here as “REFORMATION” comes from the Greek word “DIORTHOSIS”, which is a compound word meaning to straighten thoroughly or rectification. This word is used only one time in the Bible and is used in reference to the MESIANIC restoration. In other words Jesus came to RECTIFY that which was FAULTY, or to make PERFECT that which was IMPERFECT.


So again if the OLD covenant were sufficient to reconcile mankind back to Almighty God, then there would have been no need to establish a NEW COVENANT.

The Hebrew Roots Movement along with other LAW keeping sects of Christianity FALSELY teach that the apostles KEPT ALL the LAW under the OLD Testament including ALL the FEAST DAYS, HOLY DAYS, and the SABBATHS.

However, Galatians chapter 4 teaches us just the OPPOSITE.

Galatians 4: 8-11 says,


Howbeit then (or HOW is it then that), when you knew NOT God, you did service unto them which by nature are no gods.

9. But now, after that you have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn you again to the weak and beggarly elements, where unto you desire again to be in BONDAGE?

          10. You OBSERVE days, and months, and times, and years.I am AFRAID of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labor in VAIN.”


Paul is reprimanding these new Christians, because they have been DECEIVED by the Jews to OBSERVE days, and months, and times and years. Paul was AFRAID that he had labored in VAIN to preach the GOSPEL of Jesus Christ to them, because they were turning again to things that brought BONDAGE unto them.

Colossians 2:8-17 teaches us that these handwriting of ORDINANCES have been BLOTTED OUT being NAILED to the CROSS of our Lord Jesus Christ.


BEWARE lest (or BEWARE for FEAR that) any man spoil you through philosophy and vain DECEIT, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and NOT after Christ.

9. For in him dwells all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.

10. And you are COMPLETE in him, which is the head of all principality and power:

11. In whom also you are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ: (please keep in mind that CIRCUMCISION was ALSO UNDER the LAW of the OLD Testament, but some in the Hebrew Roots Movement don't seem to try to IMPOSE on those among their numbers who are being taught the LAW of Moses from the TORAH to be CIRCUMCISED, which to me contradicts their own teaching.)

12. Buried with him in baptism, wherein also you are risen with him through the FAITH of the operation of God, who has raised him from the dead.

13. And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, has he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;

14. BLOTTING OUT the handwriting of ORDINANCE that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it OUT of the WAY, nailing it to his cross;

15. And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

16. Let NO man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:

17. Which are a SHADOW of things to come; but the body is of Christ.”


Can you not see my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ, that these handwriting of ORDINANCES under the OLD Testament were NAILED to the CROSS of our Lord Jesus Christ and thereby were BLOTTED OUT and taken OUT of the WAY so that we as Christians are not to be JUDGED in MEAT or what we EAT. Nor are we to OBSERVE a HOLY DAY, or the NEW MOON, or the SABBATH DAYS, because these were all a SHADOW of things that were FULFILLED by our Lord Jesus Christ.

I cover the Sabbath keeping in the study called “SUNDAY WORSHIP VERSES SABBATH KEEPING?”, which teaches us that the Lord's day is Sunday as opposed to Saturday Sabbath. There or some very strict Saturday Sabbath keepers who are FALSELY teaching that for a Christian to worship on Sunday is to take the MARK of the BEAST. If you are one who believes that you yourself should worship on Saturday as opposed to worshiping God on Sunday, then I do not have a problem with you worshiping on Saturday. But when one tries to brings a fellow believer under condemnation by dogmatically teaching them that they are SINNING if they worship God on Sunday, then they are bordering on offending one of these little ones as Jesus warns us about. Again I cover all the verses used by Sabbath keepers to try and support their teaching in the study I mentioned above if you desire a deeper understanding on this subject. Also I have written a study covering what the NEW TESTAMENT teaches us concerning the COMMANDMENTS of God. I my self have found ONLY nine of the ten commandments written in the Old Testament REPEATED and taught for us as Christians to KEEP. Please read the study called "ONLY NINE of the TEN COMMANDMENTS" for a deeper understanding of WHY the NEW Testament does not teach us as Christians to observe the sabbath day in the way it was taught in the Old Testament as a SHADOW of the true which was to come. I will post links at the end of this study to all the studies I have related to this FALSE teaching that is teaching Christians that the must keep ALL the law of God contained in some 613 carnal ordinances written in the OLD Testament to God's people ISRAEL.


For now I would like to go into more detail about whether or not a Christian needs to be CIRCUMCISED according to the LAW of Moses in the OLD TESTAMENT. Let us begin with the words of Jesus, which teaches us that the Jews were indeed taught to be circumcised by Moses. Please read John 7:1-23, where we also learn that Jesus himself did NOT KEEP JEWRY.


“After these things Jesus walked in Galilee: for he (Jesus) would NOT walk in Jewry, because the Jews sought to kill him.

2. Now the Jews' feast of tabernacles was at hand.

3. His brethren therefore said unto him, Depart hence, and go into Judea, that your disciples also may see the works that you do.

4. For there is no man that does any thing in secret, and he himself seeks to be known openly. If you do these things, show yourself to the world.

5. For neither did his brethren believe in him.

6. Then Jesus said unto them, My time is not yet come: but your time is always ready.

7. The world cannot hate you; but me it hates, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil.

8. Go you up unto this feast: I go not up yet unto this feast; for my time is not yet full come.

9. When he had said these words unto them, he abode still in Galilee.

10. But when his brethren were gone up, then went he also up unto the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret.

11. Then the Jews sought him at the feast, and said, Where is he?

12. And there was much murmuring among the people concerning him: for some said, He is a good man: others said, Nay; but he deceives the people.

13. Howbeit no man spoke openly of him for fear of the Jews.

14. Now about the midst of the feast Jesus went up into the temple, and taught.

15. And the Jews marveled, saying, How knows this man letters, having never learned ?

16. Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me.

17. If any man will do his will, he shall know of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I speak of myself.

18. He that speaks of himself seeks his own glory: but he that seeks his glory that sent him, the same is true, and no unrighteousness is in him.

19. Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keeps the law? Why go you about to kill me?

20. The people answered and said, You have a devil: who goes about to kill you?

21. Jesus answered and said unto them, I have done one WORK, and you all marvel.

22. Moses therefore gave unto you circumcision; (not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers;) and YOU on the SABBATH day circumcise a man.

23. If (or since by YOUR OWN practices) a man on the sabbath day receive circumcision, that the law of Moses should not be broken; are you angry at me, because I have made a man every bit whole on the sabbath day?”


The main point that Jesus is making here in this passage of scripture in that is it NOT a sin to do GOOD works of RIGHTEOUSNESS on the Sabbath day. In other words, the Jews were trying to KILL Jesus, because Jesus HEALED a man on the Sabbath day and Jesus was making a POINT that the Jews themselves CIRCUMCISED on the Sabbath day and they had NO PROBLEM with this kind of WORK being done on the Sabbath day because to them it was the Lord's work. Now some may interpret this passage as Jesus TEACHING the LAW of Moses to be circumcised, but to me, Jesus is basically calling the Jews hypocrites by saying the WORK of circumcision was acceptable, but the WORK of HEALING on the Sabbath was breaking the LAW.

Also keep in mind that the New Testament reminds us and the Jews that circumcision was NOT of Moses, but rather was given to the fathers, speaking of father Abraham. Please read Acts 7:8, which says,


“And he (Almighty God) gave him (Abraham) the covenant of circumcision: and so Abraham begot Isaac, and circumcised him the eighth day; and Isaac begot Jacob; and Jacob begot the twelve patriarchs.”


And so the covenant of circumcision began with Abraham and continued from generation to generation up to the time of Jesus who was also circumcised on the eighth day. However, once Jesus died and rose again to bring into to FORCE the NEW COVENANT, then the CIRCUMCISION of the flesh was done away. The disciples of Jesus taught the CHURCH that those who were already circumcised to seek not to be uncircumscised and those who were not yet circumcised to seek NOT to be circumcised, because they became spiritually circumcised through their FAITH in Jesus Christ. Please read Romans 2:23-29


You that make your boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonor you God?

24. For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written.

25. For circumcision verily profits, if you keep the law: BUT if you be a breaker of the law, your circumcision is made uncircumcision.

26. Therefore if the uncircumcision keep the righteousness of the law, shall not his uncircumcision be counted for circumcision?

27. And shall not uncircumcision which is by nature, if it fulfill the law, judge you, who by the letter and circumcision does transgress the law?

     28. For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:

     29. But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.”


Now let us continue into the next chapter of Romans and read Romans 3:20-31


Therefore by the DEEDS of the LAW there shall NO flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

21. But NOW the righteousness of God WITHOUT the LAW is manifested,(or is made know to us) being witnessed by the law and the prophets;

22. Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:

23. For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

24. Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:

25. Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation (or an atonement) through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are PAST, through the forbearance of God;

26. To declare, I say, at this time his RIGHTEOUSNESS: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which BELIEVES in Jesus.

27. Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? Of works? Nay: but by the law of FAITH.

28. Therefore we conclude that a man is justified BY FAITH WITHOUT the DEEDS of the LAW.

29. Is he the God of the Jews only? Is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also:

           30. Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by FAITH, and uncircumcision through FAITH.

      31. Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.”


So then, HOW is the LAW ESTABLISHED? The law of God is established through FAITH in the RIGHTEOUSNESS of God. We read in Romans chapter 4 about Abraham received the SEAL of circumcision in the flesh as a SIGN of his RIGHTEOUSNESS. Keep in mind that the LAW of Moses had NOT YET been given, but was ADDED later on because of unrighteousness UNTIL the promise of the seed of Abraham COME or be FULFILLED. Here is Romans 4:1-25.


“What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, has found? (in other words, what have we learned thus far from Romans chapter 2 and 3?)

2. For if Abraham were justified by works, he has whereof to glory; but not before God.

3. For what says the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it (Abraham's FAITH in God's promise) was counted unto him for righteousness.

4. Now to him that works is the reward NOT reckoned of GRACE, but of debt.

5. But to him that works not, BUT BELIEVES on him that justifies the ungodly, his FAITH is counted for righteousness.

6. Even as David also describes the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputes righteousness WITHOUT WORKS,

7. Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.

8. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.

9. Comes this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? For WE say that FAITH was reckoned to Abraham for RIGHTEOUSNESS.

10. How was it then reckoned? When he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? NOT in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.

11. And he received the SIGN of circumcision, a SEAL of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be NOT circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:

12. And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.

13. For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the LAW, but through the RIGHTEOUSNESS of FAITH.

14. For IF they which are of the law be heirs, FAITH is made void, and the promise made of none effect:

15. Because the law works wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.

16. Therefore it is of FAITH, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all,

17 (As it is written, I have made you a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickens the dead, and calls those things which be not as though they were.

18. Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall your seed be.

19. And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sara's womb:

20. He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God;

21. And being fully persuaded that, what he had promised, he was able also to perform.

22. And therefore it was imputed to him for RIGHTEOUSNESS.

23. Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it (speaking of RIGHTEOUSNESS) was imputed to him;

     24. But for us also, to whom it (speaking of RIGHTEOUSNESS) shall be imputed, if we BELIEVE on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;

      25. Who was delivered for our offenses, and was raised again for our justification.”


The plain simple word of God is clearly NOT teaching the CHURCH to be CIRCUMCISED. Paul is teaching AGAINST the law of God concerning being circumcised in the FLESH, because it was ABOLISHED and FULFILLED at the cross of Jesus. Now as I said earlier SOME in the Hebrew Roots Movement do not seem to press the followers of their teaching to keep ALL the law of God to keep this part of the Old Testament law to be CIRCUMCISED in the FLESH even though CIRCUMCISION is clearly taught in the OLD TESTAMENT under the OLD COVENANT.

I myself just have to wonder WHY they IMPOSE ALL the OTHER carnal ORDINANCE of the LAW upon their followers, but they do NOT IMPOSE CIRCUMCISION upon them? I mean think about this for a moment. Their main ARGUMENT is that if Jesus taught us to KEEP the COMMANDMENTS of God, then this MEANS that we as Christians are to keep ALL the LAW of God, EVERY JOT and TITTLE of the LAW. But again some in the Hebrew Roots Movement do not seem to teach their followers to be CIRCUMCISED. Perhaps it is that they have CORRECTLY understood that the law of God concerning being circumcised in the FLESH has INDEED been ABOLISHED at the cross of Jesus. However there are some in the Hebrew Roots Movement who have not yet discerned this TRUTH in God's word and thereby are FALSELY teaching Gentile Christians to be CIRCUMCISED in the flesh as an OUTWARD showing of their being circumcised by God in their HEART. Please read the study called "HAS GOD'S LAW BEEN ABOLISHED?" which covers this subject of circumcision in great detail exposing the ERRORS of the 119 Ministries and others who FALSELY teach that Christian must be circumcised in the FLESH.

Well to ME, the answer seems pretty obvious. For you see my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ, there is quite a bit of CLEAR, PLAIN, and SIMPLE evidence from God's word that without a doubt teaches us that GENTILE believer in Jesus Christ becomes circumcised by FAITH not made with hands. CLEARLY the word of TRUTH teaches us that if you are a CIRCUMCISED JEW who accepts the calling of the GOSPEL of Jesus Christ, then you are NOT to seek too become UNCIRCUMCISED, because circumcision is NOTHING. And likewise we are clearly and PLAINLY taught in 1 Corinthians 7:18,19 that if you are a GENTILE who has NOT been CIRCUMCISED and you accept Jesus as your savior, then you are NOT to seek to be CIRCUMCISED, because circumcision is NOTHING. This is what the word of TRUTH clearly and plainly teaches us.


         “Is any man called being circumcised? Let him NOT become uncircumcised. Is any called in uncircumcision? Let him NOT BE CIRCUMCISED.

     19. Circumcision is NOTHING, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the KEEPING of the COMMANDMENTS of God.”


GI do not see how the word of Almighty God can make it any clearer or plainer than this. Let NOT any man who is called of God seek to be CIRCUMCISED in the FLESH after the law of Moses. Galatians 5:1-14 goes on to teach us that those who were not circumcised when they believed the gospel of Jesus Christ, but who become DECEIVED by those who teach to IMPOSE CIRCUMCISION upon them and therefore they seek to become CIRCUMCISED to follow the LAW, then they have FALLEN from GRACE.


Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ has made us free, and be NOT entangled again with the yoke of bondage.

2. Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing.

3. For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law.

4. Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; you are FALLEN from GRACE.

5. For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by FAITH.

6. For IN Jesus Christ neither circumcision avails any thing, nor uncircumcision; but FAITH which works by love.

7. You did run well; who did HINDER you that you should NOT OBEY the TRUTH?

8. This persuasion comes NOT of him that calls you.(in other words, those such as the Hebrew Roots Movement who are trying to persuade you to keep ALL the LAW and COMMANDMENTS of God to become CIRCUMCISED is NOT of Almighty God who calls you by the gospel of Jesus Christ)

9. A little leaven leavens the whole lump.

10. I have confidence in you through the Lord, that you will be none otherwise minded: but he that trouble you shall bear his judgment, whosoever he be.

11. And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? Then is the offense of the cross ceased.

12. I would they were even cut off which trouble you.

     13. For, brethren, you have been called unto liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by LOVE serve one another.

     14. For ALL the LAW is FULFILLED in one word, even in this; You shall LOVE your neighbor as yourself.”


Please notice that verse 14 clearly teaches us that ALL the LAW is FULFILLED by walking in LOVE one toward another. It is because I LOVE my brothers and sisters in the Lord that I stand against the FALSE teaching that beset you from the TRUTH.

Let us take another look at Colossians 2:8-17 where we are again taught that the ordinance of CIRCUMCISION along with the carnal ordinances of OBSERVING days taught under the OLD COVENANT are NO LONGER to be IMPOSED upon those who are IN Jesus Christ who are under the NEW COVENANT.


“BEWARE lest (or BEWARE for FEAR that) any man spoil you through philosophy and VAIN DECEIT, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and NOT after Christ.

9. For in him dwells all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.

10. And you are COMPLETE IN him, which is the head of all principality and power:

11. In whom ALSO you are CIRCUMCISED with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ:

12. Buried with him in baptism, wherein also you are risen with him through the FAITH of the operation of God, who has raised him from the dead.

13. And you, being dead in your sins AND the UNCICUMCISION of your flesh, has he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;(in other words, when Jesus FORGAVE you of ALL you past sin you were CIRCUMCISED by God in your heart or spirit without hands.)

14. BLOTTING OUT the handwriting of ORDINANCES that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it OUT of the WAY, NAILING it to HIS CROSS;

15. And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

16. Let NO man therefore JUDGE you in MEAT (speaking of the ORDINANCES under the OLD TESTAMENT concerning the DIETARY LAWS), or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the SABBATH days:(which includes the weekly SABBATH day)

17. Which are a SHADOW of things to COME; but the body is of Christ.”


So in the same way that CIRCUMCISION was NAILED to his CROSS and taken OUT of the WAY by BLOTTING OUT this carnal ORDINANCE of CIRCUMCISION, so ALSO are ALL the carnal ORDINANCES under the OLD TESTAMENT or the FIRST COVENANT have been BLOTTED OUT and taken OUT of the WAY by Jesus NAILING them to his CROSS just as the word of TRUTH clearly and plainly teaches us.

Now some would argue that PAUL was NOT teaching the TRUE gospel of Jesus, but rather Paul was teaching ANOTHER gospel, so therefore they would argue that we CANNOT trust the writings of Paul.

My answer to this is how can any true born again believer who has been filled with the Holy Spirit of Almighty God seek to take the writings of Paul OUT of the Bible as IF they are NOT the TRUTH of God's word. To ME, this is a DEFINITE sign of a cult. So BEWARE my dear brothers and sister in our Lord Jesus Christ, of those who try and twist the scriptures to make them FIT their OWN interpretations and be not deceived by those who make the claim that the apostle Paul is a FALSE teacher.

Some may even try to argue that Paul was sent to preach the gospel of uncircumcision and Peter was sent to preach the gospel of CIRCUMCISION as if there were TWO DIFFERENT gospels and BOTH were true, but this is NOT what Galatians 2:7 is truly saying, but rather it is a twisted INTERPRETATION to TRY and support the FALSE teaching that we as Christians must keep ALL the law of God contained in some 613 carnal ordinances written in the OLD Testament to God people ISRAEL. We will read Galatians 2:7 first from the King James Version of the Bible, which I admit on the surface SEEMS to give the idea of two different gospels. However, any interpretation must be COMPARED to the rest of God's word to see it that interpretation AGREES with the whole word of God.


Here is Galatians 2:7 from the King James Version.

“But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me (referring to Paul), as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter;”


Now those who are familiar reading the Kings James Version understand that the old English style of writing is a little backwards from modern day English so when we come to verses like this we understand that there needs to be a deeper look into what the verse is truly saying. One way to do this is of course read the CONTEXT. Another way is to COMPARE scripture with scripture. Another way is to look the words up in the original language And another way is to COMPARE the verse in question with OTHER TRANSLATIONS to see how they read.

We have already seen that other passages of scripture definitely CONTRADICT the interpretation that there are TWO DIFFERENT GOSPELS. So now let us take a look at some other TRANSLATIONS to see how they read. Please read Galatians 2:7 from the New International Version.


Here is Galatians 2:7 from the NIV.

“On the CONTRARY (or quite the OPPOSITE), THEY (speaking of those who came to SPY on what Paul reached) SAW that I had been entrusted with the task of preaching the GOSPEL to the Gentiles, just as Peter had been (entrusted to preach the same gospel) to the Jews.”


In others words, when we read the CONTEXT you will see that some FALSE brethren came in to SPY on what Paul was preaching and found that Paul was preaching the very same GOSPEL to the GENTILES that Peter was preaching to the circumcised JEWS. So you can clearly see that it was NOT two different GOSPELS, but rather it was ONE and the SAME GOSPEL being preached to two different GROUPS of people, the GENTILES and the JEWS. Paul was sent to preach the GOSPEL of Jesus Christ to the GENTILES who were UNCIRCUMCISED and Peter was sent to preach the very SAME GOSPEL of Jesus Christ to those who were BORN JEWS, who were CIRCUMCISED when they were eight days old as was their custom according to the LAW of Moses. Here is the CONTEXT of this verse in question from the New International Version.

Galatians 2:1-21 from the NIV.


Fourteen years later I went up again to Jerusalem, this time with Barnabas. I took Titus along also.

2. I went in response to a revelation and set before them the GOSPEL that I preach among the Gentiles. But I did this privately to those who seemed to be leaders, for fear that I was running or had run my race in vain.

3. Yet not even Titus, who was with me, was compelled to be circumcised, even though he was a Greek.

4. [This matter arose] because some FALSE brothers had infiltrated our ranks to SPY on the freedom we have in Christ Jesus and to make us slaves.

5. We did NOT give in to them for a moment, so that the TRUTH of the GOSPEL might REMAIN with you. (Do NOT be DECEIVED by those in the Hebrew Roots Movement that may have INFILTRATED you congregation. Do NOT give into their FALSE teaching even for a MOMENT so that the TRUTH of the Gospel of Jesus Christ will REMAIN in you my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ)

6. As for those who seemed to be important--whatever they were makes no difference to me; God does not judge by external appearance--those men added nothing to my message.(or they did intimidate me to CHANGE what I was called to PREACH)

7. On the CONTRARY (or quite the OPPOSITE these FALSE brethren that came to SPY on what I was preaching), they saw that I had been entrusted with the task of preaching the GOSPEL to the Gentiles, JUST AS Peter had been (entrusted to preach the same GOSPEL) to the Jews.(in other words, there is only ONE GOSPEL, but two different GROUPS being preached this same gospel of Jesus Christ)

8. For God, who was at work in the ministry of Peter as an apostle to the Jews, was ALSO at work in my ministry as an apostle to the Gentiles.

9. James, Peter and John, those reputed to be pillars, gave me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship when they REGOGNIZED the grace given to me. They agreed that we should go to the Gentiles, and they to the Jews. (In other words, all the other apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ RECOGNIZED that PAUL had been called by Almighty God to preach the GOSPEL of Jesus Christ to the world, but seemed to have been given a calling more so to the GENTILES while some of them had a calling more so to the JEWS. So then HOW is it that SOME Christians believe and teach that Paul is a FALSE teacher, when the very apostles of Jesus Christ RECOGNIZED Paul as being called of Almighty God?)

10. All they asked was that we should continue to remember the poor, the very thing I was eager to do.

Paul Oppose Peter


11. When Peter came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he was clearly in the wrong.

12. Before certain men came from James, he used to eat with the Gentiles. But when they arrived, he began to draw back and separate himself from the Gentiles because he was afraid of those who belonged to the circumcision group.

13. The other Jews joined him in his hypocrisy, so that by their hypocrisy even Barnabas was led astray.

14. When I saw that they were NOT acting in line with the TRUTH of the GOSPEL, I said to Peter in front of them all, "You are a Jew, yet you live like a Gentile and not like a Jew. HOW is it, then, that you FORCE (or IMPOSE, or even TEACH) Gentiles to follow JEWISH CUSTOMS?

15. "We who are Jews by birth and not 'Gentile sinners'

16. Know that a man is NOT justified by observing the LAW, but BY FAITH IN Jesus Christ. So we, too, have put our FAITH in Christ Jesus that we may be justified by FAITH in Christ and NOT by observing the LAW, because by observing the law NO ONE will be justified.

17. "If, while we seek to be justified in Christ, it becomes evident that we ourselves are sinners, does that mean that Christ promotes sin? Absolutely not!

18. If I rebuild what I destroyed, I prove that I am a lawbreaker.

19. For through the law I died to the law so that I might live for God.

           20. I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but CHRIST (or the same ANOINTING of the Holy Spirit the dwelt in Jesus that empowered him to live his life without sin) lives IN me. The life I live in the body, I live by FAITH in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.

     21. I do not set aside the GRACE of God, for IF righteousness could be gained through the LAW, Christ died for NOTHING!"


I have found that those who teach FALSE doctrine when they cannot argue with SOUND BIBLICAL teaching, but still wanting to cling to these false teachings that they have been taught will throw one last argument out to try and silence the TRUTH. They will say something like, Why are you trying to divide the church?

In answer to these false accusations I respond back and say that I am just following the teaching of God's word to preach the TRUTH with SOUND BIBLICAL teaching to silence those who are leading astray the body of Christ with their FALSE teaching.

Please read Titus 1: 9-16 from the New Living Translation.


“He must have a strong and steadfast belief in the trustworthy message he was taught; then he will be able to ENCOURAGE others with right teaching and show those who oppose it where they are WRONG.

10. For there are many who rebel against right teaching; they engage in useless talk and deceive people. This is especially true of those who insist on circumcision for salvation.

11. THEY MUST BE SILENCED. By their wrong teaching, they have already turned whole families away from the TRUTH. Such teachers only want your MONEY.

12. One of their own men, a prophet from Crete, has said about them, "The people of Crete are all liars; they are cruel animals and lazy gluttons."

13. This is true. So REBUKE them as sternly as necessary to make them strong in the faith.

14. They must STOP listening to Jewish myths and the commands of people who have turned their backs on the TRUTH.

           15. Everything is pure to those whose hearts are pure. But nothing is pure to those who are corrupt and unbelieving, because their minds and consciences are defiled.

     16. Such people claim they know God, but they deny him by the way they live. They are despicable and disobedient, worthless for doing anything good.”


Now I myself do not consider those in the Hebrew Roots Movement to be despicable and worthless to do anything good, because to ME, their heart seems to want to please God and this is why I believe that they were DECEIVED by the enemy to TRY and please God by trying to keep ALL the LAW contained in ALL the carnal ORDINANCES that were given to God's people UNDER the FIRST COVENANT that was done away with by the NEW COVENANT put into FORCE by the sacrifice that Jesus made for the sins of the world. Their love is sincere, but their understanding of scripture is lacking. The word of God teaches us in Hebrews that WITHOUT FAITH it is IMPOSSIBLE to PLEASE God. Keeping the LETTER of the law does not please God. When I say LAW I my self am speaking of all the law contained in some 613 carnal ordinances only and NOT the COMMANDMENTS of God. The NEW Testament doe in fact teach us as Christians to keep the COMMANDMENTS of God, but nowhere in the NEW Testament do I find REPEATED and taught that the church is to keep ALL the law of God contained is some 613 carnal ordinances that were written to the children of ISRAEL. Again I do not personally see any believer PURPOSELY teaching FALSE doctrine.

However, I do believe that they should be REBUKED by their FALSE teaching so that they can be restored to the true faith. This is why I have written this study in God's word along with the many other studies in God's word that clearly and plainly show the ERROR of these FALSE teachings. Please understand that I am not teaching against any particular group, but rather I am teaching the TRUTH of the WHOLE word of God in order to expose FALSE TEACHING.

Sometimes I do NAME certain websites or certain church denominations to make you, the reader, aware that I am not making things up. In other words, sometimes I give the NAME of certain denominations, or the link to certain websites, or in this case the name of the MOVEMENT or TREND so you can SEARCH it out for YOURSELF and look at the arguments for BOTH sides if you so choose. Just be sure you pray and ask the leading of the Holy Spirit of Almighty God before you go to these websites to see for yourself what they are teaching, because sometimes, or rather most of the time those who are in ERROR will draw you in SLOWLY little by little letting you get acclimated to what they are teaching.

Anyway I wanted to point out this one website that I was given by a brother and sister in the Lord that I know who were drawn into this Hebrew Roots Movement. Right there on this website they used to have posted “One time donation only”. Later I learned that this young couple SOLD their home and gave the money to this particular group that was teaching them to keep ALL the LAW of the OLD TESTAMENT. I immediately was reminded of the verse that some teach the gospel for the MONEY. This group then promised them that they would take care of them if they WORKED and pulled they own weight so to speak. This family then lived in a tent during most of the winter with three small children and a baby, while the husband helped to build buildings for this group of families to live and use as a community. The wife cooked and did other jobs to help as well. Even the children picked it to help with the work.

Now some of you may think that this sounds a lot like the New Testament church were the early church had all things in common, but in reality I believe these families are fearful of the coming days ahead, because they chose a place out in the woods that is secluded and they are being trained too defend their community. I do not see the early church doing this. But what really alarmed me was I learned that the LEADERS of this group stayed in their nice comfortable homes to supposedly keep on recruiting more families into their group while they flock did the WORK to build housing and such for this group. Of course you will not find any proof of this on their website, and I myself have only what I have observed over the past months trying to keep in touch with this young family trusting in God that their eyes of understanding will be opened to the TRUTH of the GOSPEL of Jesus Christ so that they will come out of this FALSE teaching of the Hebrew Roots Movement.

Anyway here is the address to the website called 119 Ministries that I was given by this young family, which invited me to attend one of the home Bible studies.

http://119ministries.com/ I would strongly implore you to do a search typing in 119 Ministries as opposed to just clinking on the link, because then you will see the many websites that are speaking out AGAINST the teachings of this group of 119 Ministries that fits in the category of the Hebrew Roots Movement. As with most websites claiming to be Christian the 119 Ministries challenges you to TEST EVERYTHING they teach. But some Christians have no idea how to search the word of God for themselves in order to see if what they are being taught is in fact the TRUTH of the WHOLE word of Almighty God.

Therefore I am going to follow up with this study in God's word with another study called “119 MINISTRIES ERRORS-1” and "119 MINISTRIES ERRORS-2" where I take some of their teachings directly from their website and show you, the reader, how they have taken then verses they use OUT of CONTEXT in order to draw you into believing that the OLD COVENANT is still in FORCE and Christians should keep ALL the LAW under the OLD TESTAMENT. I will post all the studies that I have done related to exposing this FALSE teaching that Christians are to keep ALL the law contained in some 613 carnal ordinances written in the OLD Testament to the people ISRAEL at the end of this study. Plain and simple, if it is NOT repeated and taught in the NEW TESTAMENT, then I would be cautious to believe that teaching.

For now I will tell you that I personally attended one of their home Bible studies. One of the things that first jumped out at me was I could see very clearly that most of these families had been HURT in some way or another by the main stream church. I completely understand that some of the teachings of the main stream church are not completely BIBLICAL and should be changed to make them to be SOUND Biblical teachings, but those in leadership do not seem to want to listen to their congregation. So again I completely understand why many are leaving the main stream denominations. This has been happening since the beginning of the church, especially so since the reformation. Then in the past few decades rather than placing a NAME upon themselves when people left the main stream church they simple called themselves NON denominational churches. But after awhile many of these so called NON denominational church became just like the denominational church by DOGMATICALLY teaching doctrines that to some like myself were NOT clearly defined in the scriptures. So I clearly understand the hurt that some of these families are going through.

But what they do NOT realize as yet is that THEY THEMSELVES are doing the very SAME thing. The 119 Ministries SAYS that they are OPEN to CORRECTION, but from what I have observed the leaders are pretty set on what they believe. My prayer is first for this young family that I know to be delivered from the spiritual bondage that has been deceitfully IMPOSED upon them by the 119 Ministry. And then my prayer in for the many other families that are being deceived by the FALSE teaching of the 119 Ministries. Then finally my prayer is for the leaders of this group to have their eyes opened to the TRUTH so that they will take down their FALSE teachings on their website and REPLACE them with SOUND BIBLICAL teachings base on the GOSPEL of Jesus Christ.

Again I usually do not point out specific groups, but on occasion I feel lead to do so, because I have personally seen the EFFECTS that the teachings of the 119 Ministry has had on some families that have been HURT by the mainstream denominations. One of the very first things the Lord showed me even before I actually accepted Jesus as my savior was that all these DIFFERENT DENOMINATIONS are NOT of God. When I saw in the word of God that some said I am of Paul or I am of Appollos, or I am of Christ I knew that it was NOT God's WILL that their be so many different denominations. Therefore the heart of what I teach is to bring all of us who believe in Jesus Christ into UNITY where we all teach the SAME SOUND BIBLICAL TRUTH of the WHOLE word of Almighty God.

Please read all the studies linked within this study and all the studies linked below. This study was just the TIP of the iceberg of exposing the ERRORS of interpretation made by the Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping churches.


"YES CHRISTIANS MUST KEEP THE SABBATH!"

"JESUS IS LORD OF THE SABBATH!"

"MATTHEW 5:17-19 SABBATH TRUTH!"

"MATTHEW 24:20 FUTURE SABBATH KEEPING!"

"SABBATH TRUTH REMEMBER THE SABBATH!"

"REALLY ONLY NINE OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS?"

"MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE 4th COMMANDMENT?"

"SABBATH KEEPING VERSUS SUNDAY WORSHIP?"

"60 ARGUMENTS FOR THE SABBATH!"

"IS JESUS OUR SABBATH REST?"

"THE SABBATH REST IS A SIGN!"

"THE SABBATH, SUNDAY, OR NEITHER DAY?"

"WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?"

"HAS GOD'S LAW BEEN ABOLISHED? (MATTHEW 5:17-19)

"IS SATURDAY THE LORD'S DAY?"

"WAS JESUS RESURRECTED ON SUNDAY?"

"JESUS WORDS ONLY! SABBATH TRUTH!"

"IS PAUL A TRUE APOSTLE OF JESUS?"

"IS THE APOSTLE PAUL A FALSE TEACHER?"

"DO PAUL'S TEACHINGS CONTRADICT JESUS?"

"MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE DIETARY LAWS?"

"ACTS 10 PETERS'S VISION OF CLEANSED MEATS?"

"IS THE HEBREWS ROOT MOVEMENT BIBLICAL?"

"119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 1"

"119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 2"

"WHO ARE THE TRUE JEWS?"

"ARE BLACK AFRICANS THE TRUE HEBREWS?"

"WHAT IS THE ONE TRUE CHURCH?"


Thanks for reading and may god bless you richly as you continue to seek the truth of the whole word of God. Below are some quotes from the early church writers clearly showing us that the early church did NOT keep Saturday the seventh day of the week as the Jews under the Old covenant.

Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

Mark


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Some CLAIM the the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first century church were accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of day break on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's day.

Here is a NON BIAS historical account found in a letter from Pliny the Younger to Trojan concerning the Christians.

Pliny was a Roman who persecuted and killed Christians, so again this is a historical NON BIAS account of WHEN Christians gathered together.

Here is what Pliny says in his letter to Trajan. The EMPHASIS and comments are mine:


That they were WONT (or as they were ACCUSTOMED and USED to do, or in the HABIT of doing)on a STATED day (or on a CERTAIN preset day)to meet together BEFORE IT WAS LIGHT, and to sing a hymn to Christ, as to a god, alternately; and to oblige themselves by a sacrament [or oath], not to do anything that was ill: but that they would commit no theft, or pilfering, or adultery; that they would not break their promises, or deny what was deposited with them, when it was required back again; after which it was their CUSTOM to depart, AND to meet AGAIN at a common but innocent meal,(so after the hard worship service early morning beginning before day light they would depart and they come back together later that same to to share a common simple meal together, and most likely break bread together as other early church writers give more detail) which they had left off upon that edict which I published at your command, and wherein I had forbidden any such conventicles (or religious meetings).”


          Below are some quotes of early church writers that clearly teach us that the early church did NOT keep the Sabbath day, as in, on SATURDAY, the 7th day of the week, but rather the early church throughout history from it's beginning worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, which is sometimes referred to as the EIGHTH day of the week or the day AFTER the Sabbath day, or the LORD'S DAY. 

(The emphasis is mine in these quotes given below):


The date is given first and the source is given at the end.

Quote number #:

#1. 90 AD DIDACHE:


"Christian Assembly on the Lord's Day:

1. But every Lord's day do ye gather yourselves together, and break bread, and give thanksgiving after having confessed your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure.

2. But let no one that is at variance with his fellow come together with you, until they be reconciled, that your sacrifice may not be profaned.

3. For this is that which was spoken by the Lord: In every place and time offer to me a pure sacrifice; for I am a great King, saith the Lord, and my name is wonderful among the nations." (Didache: The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, Chapter XIV)


#2. 100 AD BARNABAS:


"We keep the eighth day [Sunday] with joyfulness, the day also on which Jesus rose again from the dead" (The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD 15:6-8).


#3. 100 AD BARNABAS:


Moreover God says to the Jews, 'Your new moons and Sabbaths I cannot endure.' You see how he says, 'The present Sabbaths are not acceptable to me, but the Sabbath which I have made in which, when I have rested [heaven: Heb 4] from all things, I will make the beginning of the eighth day which is the beginning of another world.' Wherefore we Christians keep the eighth day for joy, on which also Jesus arose from the dead and when he appeared ascended into heaven. (15:8f, The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers , vol. 1, pg. 147)


#4. 110 AD Pliny:


They were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a god, and bound themselves by a solemn oath not to (do) any wicked deeds, never to commit any fraud, theft, or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up; after which it was their custom to separate, and then reassemble to partake of good food—but food of an ordinary and innocent kind. (About three years after the death of Ignatius in 250, an important official communication was sent from one Pliny to Trajan the Roman emperor. Pliny, the Roman governor of Bithynia, wrote of the Christians who had been congregating there probably from at least A.D. 62 onwards. In this remarkable it is explicitly stated that these early Christians observed the substance of most of the Ten Commandments, and it is implied that they observed all ten as far as they were able to do so. As far as they were able, for as most of the early Christians were of slave stock or from other lower classes'-, and those who had heathen masters or employers—the vast majority—would be forced to work on THEIR day of rest, which was unfortunately an official working day throughout the empires' until Constantine's "Sabbath" Edict in 321 A.D. gave them some measure of public protection. Hence one reads that after meeting "on a certain FIXED day before it was light", the first century Bithynian Christians had "to separate"—many of them having to labour for their masters and/or employers from dawn to dusk—"and then reassemble to partake of . . . food". The "certain fixed day" [stato die"'] on which the Christians met, is regarded by Seventh-day Adventists as Saturday'-. Certainly the expression would seem to indicate a regular day of meeting, probably each week. But Sunday is FAR more likely to have been the "certain fixed day" than Saturday. For if Pliny had been referring to the old Saturday Sabbath, as a Roman he would doubtless have referred to the "later" meeting first and only then to the morning meeting on the day after the "certain fixed day", seeing that the old Saturday Sabbath was demarcated from the evening of one day to the evening of the following day. But Pliny makes no such reference. Instead, he mentions that the pre-dawn meeting took place first—and only after wards the later meeting; and that both meetings took place on the SAME "certain fixed day". This rather points to the Roman (and—more importantly!—New Testament) midnight to midnight demarcation of modern Sunday-keepers than to the evening to evening demarcation of the Jews and the Seventh-day Adventists. (The Covenantial Sabbath, Francis Nigel Lee, Pg 242)


          Also I myself will further add to the comment of the writer above that mere common sense plainly teaches us that Pliny was clearly speaking of SUNDAY, because the LAW that Constantine passed was not to mandate work on SUNDAY so that these Christians could worship God on SUNDAY. So the CLAIM by the Seventh Day Advent church that the fixed day of worship for Christians was a Saturday is FALSE. Other wise Constantine would have made it a law the employers allowed Christians off for work on a Saturday rather than on a Sunday. 

          This PROVES beyond any shadow of a doubt that the Christians were ALREADY worshiping God on SUNDAY the FIRST DAY of the week from the very beginning of the church on the day of Pentecost. The truth of the matter is that Constantine only made it easier for Christians to worship God on Sunday without being persecuted by their employers or owners by passing the EDICT making it a LAW to force heathen employers to let their employees have at least some time off from work so that they could worship God on SUNDAY. 

          Every Sabbath keeper will AGREE that Constantine's "SABBATH" is referring to SUNDAY as the day of the week and NOT as Saturday being the REST for Christians. Again all the Constantine did was to pass a law making it EASIER fro Christian to worship on the DAY that they had ALREADY been worshiping on since the very beginning at the DAY of PENTECOST, which is on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week that Christian called the LORD'S day the day our Lord rose from the grave. 

          Open your EYES dear child of God and read what these early church writings are teaching us about the EARLIEST believers as to which day the early church worshiped God. SUNDAY has ALWAYS been the Sabbath or the day of REST of the early church and the church throughout it's entire history.


#5. 150 AD EPISTLE OF THE APOSTLES:


- I [Christ] have come into being on the eighth day which is the day of the Lord. (18)



#6. 150 AD JUSTIN:


"He then speaks of those Gentiles, namely us, who in every place offer sacrifices to Him, i.e., the bread of the Eucharist, and also the cup of the Eucharist, affirming both that we glorify His name, and that you profane [it]. The command of circumcision, again, bidding [them] always circumcise the children on the eighth day, was a type of the true circumcision, by which we are circumcised from deceit and iniquity through Him who rose from the dead on the first day AFTER the Sabbath, [namely through] our Lord Jesus Christ. For the first day after the Sabbath, remaining the first of all the days, is called, however, the eighth, according to the number of all the days of the cycle, and [yet] remains the first.". (Justin, Dialogue 41:4)


#7. 150 AD JUSTIN:


...those who have persecuted and do persecute Christ, if they do not repent, shall not inherit anything on the holy mountain. But the Gentiles, who have believed on Him, and have repented of the sins which they have committed, they shall receive the inheritance along with the patriarchs and the prophets, and the just men who are descended from Jacob, even although theyneither keep the Sabbath, nor are circumcised, nor observe the feasts. Assuredly they shall receive the holy inheritance of God. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers , vol. 1, page 207)


#8. 150 AD JUSTIN:


But if we do not admit this, we shall be liable to fall into foolish opinion, as if it were not the same God who existed in the times of Enoch and all the rest, who neither were circumcised after the flesh, nor observed Sabbaths, nor any other rites, seeing that Moses enjoined such observances... For if there was no need of circumcision before Abraham, or of the observance of Sabbaths, of feasts and sacrifices, before Moses; no more need is there of them now, after that, according to the will of God, Jesus Christ the Son of God has been born without sin, of a virgin sprung from the stock of Abraham. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers , vol. 1, page 206)


#9. 150 AD JUSTIN:


Moreover, all those righteous men already mentioned [after mentioning Adam. Abel, Enoch, Lot, Noah, Melchizedek, and Abraham], though they kept no Sabbaths, were pleasing to God; and after them Abraham with all his descendants until Moses... And you [fleshly Jews] were commanded to keep Sabbaths, that you might retain the memorial of God. For His word makes this announcement, saying, "That you may know that I am God who redeemed you." (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers , vol. 1, page 204)


#10. 150 AD JUSTIN:


There is no other thing for which you blame us, my friends, is there than this? That we do not live according to the Law, nor, are we circumcised in the flesh as your forefathers, nor do we observe the Sabbath as you do. (Dialogue with Trypho 10:1. In verse 3 the Jew Trypho acknowledges that Christians 'do not keep the Sabbath.')


#11. 155 AD Justin Martyr:


"[W]e too would observe the fleshly circumcision, and the Sabbaths, and in short all the feasts, if we did not know for what REASON they were enjoined [on] you--namely, on account of your transgressions and the hardness of your heart. . . . [H]ow is it, Trypho, that we would not observethose rites which do  not harm us--I speak of fleshly circumcision AND Sabbaths AND feasts? . . . God enjoined you [Jews] to keep the Sabbath,and impose on you other precepts for a sign, as I have already said, on account of your unrighteousness and that of your fathers" (Dialogue with Trypho the Jew 18, 21).


#12. 180 AD ACTS OF PETER:


Paul had often contended with the Jewish teachers and had confuted them, saying 'it is Christ on whom your fathers laid hands. He abolished their Sabbath and fasts and festivals and circumcision.' (1: I)-2


#13. 180 AD GOSPEL OF PETER:


Early in the morning when (the Sabbath dawned, a multitude from Jerusalem and the surrounding country came to see the scaled sepulchre. In the night in which the Lord's day dawned, while the soldiers in pairs for each watch were keeping guard, a great voice came from heaven. [There follows an account of the resurrection. Early in the morning of the Lord's day Mary Magdalene, a disciple of the Lord .... came to the sepulchre. (9:34f.; 12:50f.)


#14. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:


(in commenting on each of the Ten Commandments and their Christian meaning:) The seventh day is proclaimed a day of rest, PREPARING by abstention from evil FOR the Primal day, our TRUE rest. (Ibid. VII. xvi. 138.1)


          I will add that the meaning of the word "Primal" means an "ARCHETYPAL", which means an original TYPE pointing to the TRUE. So this early church writer is saying what Paul teaches us in scripture that the things in the OLD Testament are TYPES and SHADOWS or the TRUE which was to come. Jesus became our SABBATH, and we have entered into our REST being in Jesus Christ. The SABBATH was an ARCHETYPAL pointing toward our TRUE REST which was to come being FULFILLED in the ATONEMENT of Jesus.


#15. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:


He does the commandment according to the Gospel and keeps the Lord's day, whenever he puts away an evil mind . . . glorifying the Lord's resurrection in himself. (Ibid. Vii.xii.76.4)


#16. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:


Plato prophetically speaks of the Lord's day in the tenth book of the Republic, in these words: 'And when seven days have passed to each of them in the meadow, on the eighth they must go on." (Miscellanies V.xiv.106.2)


#17. 200 AD BARDESANES:


Wherever we are, we are all called after the one name of Christ Christians. On one day, the first of the week, we assemble ourselves together (On Fate)


#18. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


"We solemnize the day AFTER Saturday in contradistinction to those who call this day their Sabbath" (Tertullian's Apology, Ch 16)


          In other words, Tertullian is saying that we Christians DISTINGUISH us from the JEWS who hold Saturday as THEIR Sabbath by solemnizing or reverencing the day AFTER Saturday as our day of worship and rest.


#19. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


It follows, accordingly, that, in so far as the abolition of carnal circumcision and of the old law is demonstrated as having been consummated at its specific times, so ALSO the observance of the Sabbath is demonstrated to have been temporary. (An Answer to the Jews 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 155)



#20. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


Let him who contends that the Sabbath is still to be observed a balm of salvation, and circumcision on the eighth day because of threat of death, teach us that in earliest times righteous men kept Sabbath or practiced circumcision, and so were made friends of God. .. ...Therefore, since God originated Adam uncircumcised, and inobservant of the Sabbath, consequently his offspring also, Abel, offering Him sacrifices, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was by Him commended... Noah also, uncircumcised - yes, and inobservant of the Sabbath - God freed from the deluge. For Enoch, too, most righteous man, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, He translated from this world... Melchizedek also, "the priest of most high God," uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was chosen to the priesthood of God. (An Answer to the Jews 2:10; 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 153)


#21. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


Others . . . suppose that the sun is the god of the Christians, because it is well-known that we regard Sunday as a day of joy. (To the Nations 1: 133)


          Keep in mind that this was well BEFORE Constantine SUPPOSEDLY CHANGED the day of rest and worship to SUNday as the Seventh Day Adventist church CLAIMS. But it TRUTH Christians had ALREADY been worshiping God on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week that they also called the LORD'S day, the day that our Lord and savior Jesus rose from the dead. 

          So as early as Tertullian in 200 AD there were groups of JEWS and Christian JEWS who ASSUMED or who SUPPOSED, or who FALSELY ACCUSED Christians for worshiping God on SUNDAY that they were worshiping a sun god and not the true God.


#22. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


To us Sabbaths are foreign. (On Idolatry, 14:6)4


#23. 220 AD ORIGEN:


"On Sunday none of the actions of the world should be done. If then, you abstain from all the works of this world and keep yourselves free for spiritual things, go to church, listen to the readings and divine homilies, meditate on heavenly things. (Homil. 23 in Numeros 4, PG 12:749)


#24. 220 AD Origen:


"Hence it is not possible that the [day of] rest after the Sabbath should have come into existence from the seventh [day] of our God. On the contrary, it is our Savior who, after the pattern of his own rest, caused us to be made in the likeness of his death, and hence also of his resurrection" (Commentary on John 2:28).


#25. 225 AD The Didascalia:


"The apostles further appointedOn the first day of the week let there be service, and the reading of the Holy Scriptures, and the oblation, because on the first day of the week our Lord rose from the place of the dead, and on the first day of the week he arose upon the world, and on the first day of the week he ascended up to heaven, and on the first day of the week he will appear at last with the angels of heaven" (Didascalia 2).


          And I add further that the church BEGAN on the day of Pentecost on a SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week. The early church evidence and the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible make it quite clear that the early church worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, called the LORD'S day and that they did NOT KEEP the Sabbath day as the JEWS.



#26. 250 AD CYPRIAN:


The eight day, that is, the first day after the Sabbath, and the Lord's Day." (Epistle 58, Sec 4)


#27. 250 AD IGNATIUS:


"If, therefore, those who were brought up in the ancient order of things have come to the possession of a new hope, no longer observing the Sabbath, but living in the observance of the Lord's Day, on which also our life has sprung up again by Him and by His death-whom some deny, by which mystery we have obtained faith, and therefore endure, that we may be found the disciples of Jesus Christ, our only Master-how shall we be able to live apart from Him, whose disciples the prophets themselves in the Spirit did wait for Him as their Teacher? And therefore He whom they rightly waited for, being come, raised them from the dead. If, then, those who were conversant with the ancient Scriptures came to newness of hope, expecting the coming of Christ, as the Lord teaches us when He says, "If ye had believed Moses, ye would have believed Me, for he wrote of Me; " and again, "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it, and was glad; for before Abraham was, I am; " how shall we be able to live without Him? The prophets were His servants, and foresaw Him by the Spirit, and waited for Him as their Teacher, and expected Him as their Lord and Saviour, saying, "He will come and save us." Let us therefore NO longer keep the Sabbath after the Jewish manner, and rejoice in days of idleness; for "he that does not work, let him not eat." For say the [holy] oracles, "In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat thy bread." But let every one of you keep the Sabbath after a spiritual manner, rejoicing in meditation on the law, NOT in relaxation of the body, admiring the workmanship of God, and not eating things prepared the day before, nor using lukewarm drinks, and walking within a prescribed space, nor finding delight in dancing and plaudits which have no sense in them. And after the observance of the Sabbath, let every friend of Christ keep the Lord's Day as a festival, the resurrection-day, the queen and chief of all the days [of the week].Looking forward to this, the prophet declared, "To the end, for the eighth day," on which our life both sprang up again, and the victory over death was obtained in Christ, whom the children of perdition, the enemies of the Saviour, deny, "whose god is their belly, who mind earthly things," who are "lovers of pleasure, and not lovers of God, having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof." These make merchandise of Christ, corrupting His word, and giving up Jesus to sale: they are corrupters of women, and covetous of other men's possessions, swallowing up wealth insatiably; from whom may ye be delivered by the mercy of God through our Lord Jesus Christ! (Epistle of Ignatius to the Magnesians, Chapter IX)


#28. 250 AD IGNATIUS:


"On the day of the preparation, then, at the third hour, He received the sentence from Pilate, the Father permitting that to happen; at the sixth hour He was crucified; at the ninth hour He gave up the ghost; and before sunset He was buried. During the Sabbath He continued under the earth in the tomb in which Joseph of Arimathaea had laid Him. At the dawning of the Lord's day He arose from the dead, according to what was spoken by Himself, "As Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of man also be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. "The day of the preparation, then, comprises the passion; the Sabbath embraces the burial; the Lord's Day contains the resurrection." (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians, chapter 9)


#29. 250 AD IGNATIUS:


If any one fasts on the Lord's Day or on the Sabbath, except on the paschal Sabbath only, he is a murderer of Christ. (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Philippians, chapter 8)



#30. 250 AD IGNATIUS:


"This [custom], of not bending the knee upon Sunday, is a symbol of the resurrection, through which we have been set free, by the grace of Christ, from sins, and from death, which has been put to death under Him. Now this custom took its rise from apostolic times, as the blessed Irenaeus, the martyr and bishop of Lyons, declares in his treatise On Easter, in which he makes mention of Pentecost also; upon which [feast] we do not bend the knee, because it is of equal significance with the Lord's day, for the reason already alleged concerning it." (Ignatius, Fragments)



#31. 300 AD Victorinus:


"The sixth day [Friday] is called parasceve, that is to say, the preparation of the kingdom. . . . On this day also, on account of the passion of the Lord Jesus Christ, we make either a station to God or a fast. On the seventh day he rested from all his works, and blessed it, and sanctified it. On the former day we are accustomed to fast rigorously, that on the Lord's day we may go forth to our bread with giving of thanks. And let the parasceve become a rigorous fast, lest we should APPEAR to observe ANY Sabbath with the Jews . . . which Sabbath he [Christ] in his body ABOLISHED" (The Creation of the World).



#32. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:


"They did not, therefore, regard circumcision, NOR observe the Sabbath NEITHER do we; ... because such things as these do NOT belong to Christians" (Ecc. Hist., Book 1, Ch. 4)



#33. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:


[The Ebionites] were accustomed to observe the Sabbath and other Jewish customs but on the Lord's days to celebrate the same practices as we in remembrance of the resurrection of the Savior. (Church History Ill.xxvii.5)

I will also add that the Ebionites were Christians who were seduced by the Jews to keep the Jewish customs. In other words, the Ebionites were Judanized Christians. The Ebionites also taught the need to be circumcised in the flesh in order to be saved. Some today would not even consider Ebionites as being true Christians since they went back to trusting the law of Moses to be saved.



#34. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:


"They [the pre- Mosaic saints of the Old Testament] did not care about circumcision of the body, neither do we [Christians]. They did not care about observing Sabbaths, nor do we. They did not avoid certain kinds of food, neither did they regard the other distinctions which Moses first delivered to their posterity to be observed as symbolsnor do Christians of the present day do such things" (Church History 1:4:8).



#35. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:


"The day of his [Christ's] light . . . was the day of his resurrection from the dead, which they say, as being the one and only truly holy day and the Lord's day, is better than any number of days as we ordinarily understand them, and better than the days set apart by the Mosaic Law for feasts, new moons, and Sabbaths, which the Apostle [Paul] teaches are the shadow of days and not days in reality" (Proof of the Gospel 4:16:186).



#36. 345 AD Athanasius:


"The Sabbath was the end of the first creation, the Lord's day was the beginning of the second, in which he renewed and restored the old in the same way as he prescribed that they should formerly observe the Sabbath as a memorial of the end of the first things, so we honor the Lord's day as being the memorial of the new creation" (On Sabbath and Circumcision 3).


#37. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:


Be not careless of yourselves, neither deprive your Saviour of His own members, neither divide His body nor disperse His members, neither prefer the occasions of this life to the word of God; but assemble yourselves together every day, morning and evening, singing psalms and praying in the Lord's house: in the morning saying the sixty-second Psalm, and in the evening the hundred and fortieth, but principally on the Sabbath-day. And on the day of our Lord's resurrection, which is the Lord's day, meet more diligently, sending praise to God that made the universe by Jesus, and sent Him to us, and condescended to let Him suffer, and raised Him from the dead. Otherwise what apology will he make to God who does not assemble on that day to hear the saving word concerning the resurrection, on which we pray thrice standing in memory of Him who arose in three days, in which is performed the reading of the prophets, the preaching of the Gospel, the oblation of the sacrifice, the gift of the holy food? (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 2)


#38. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:


"How We Ought to Assemble Together, and to Celebrate the Festival Day of Our Saviour's Resurrection. On the day of the resurrection of the Lord, that is, the Lord's day, assemble yourselves together, without fail, giving thanks to God, and praising Him for those mercies God has bestowed upon you through Christ, and has delivered you from ignorance, error, and bondage, that your sacrifice may be unspotted, and acceptable to God,..." (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 7)


#39. 350 AD Cyril of Jerusalem:


"Fall NOT AWAY either into the sect of the Samaritans or into Judaism, for Jesus Christ has henceforth ransomed you. Stand aloof from ALL observance of Sabbaths and from calling any indifferent meats common or unclean" (Catechetical Lectures 4:37).


#40. 360 AD Council of Laodicea:


"Christians should NOT Judaize and should NOT be idle on the Sabbath, but should work on that day; they should, however, particularly reverence the Lord's day and, if possible, not work on it, because they were Christians" (canon 29).


#41. 387 AD John Chrysostom:


"You have put on Christ, you have become a member of the Lord and been enrolled in the heavenly city, and you still grovel in the Law [of Moses]? How is it possible for you to obtain the kingdom? Listen to Paul's words, that the observance of the Law overthrows the gospel, and learn, if you will, how this comes to pass, and tremble, and shun this pitfallWhy do you keep the Sabbath and fast with the Jews?" (Homilies on Galatians 2:17).


#42. 412 AD Augustine:


"Well, now, I should like to be told what there is in these Ten Commandments, except the observance of the Sabbath, which ought NOT to be kept by a Christian . . . Which of these commandments would anyone say that the Christian ought not to keep? It is possible to contend that it is not the Law which was written on those two tables that the apostle [Paul] describes as 'the letter that kills' [2 Cor. 3:6], but the law of circumcision and the other sacred rites which are now abolished" (The Spirit and the Letter 24).


#43. 597 AD Gregory I:



"But after that the grace of almighty God, our Lord Jesus Christ, has appeared, the commandments of the Law which were spoken figuratively cannot be kept according to the letter. For if anyone says that this about the Sabbath is to be kept, he must needs say that carnal sacrifices are to be offered. He must say too that the commandment about the circumcision of the body is still to be retained. But let him hear the apostle Paul saying in opposition to him: 'If you be circumcised, Christ will profit you nothing' (Gal. 5:2)" (Letters 13:1).