IS PAUL THE TWELFTH APOSTLE OF JESUS?


SPELLING EDITED


IS PAUL THE TWELFTH APOSTLE OF JESUS?


WHO IS THE TWELFTH APOSTLE?


This study is actually part 3 of the study IS PAUL A TRUE APOSTLE OF JESUS? Part 1 and Part 2. In part 2, we learned that there are more than just the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. We learned that there were 22 men who are called apostles in the New Testament. So now the question is, “WHO is the Apostle that replaces Judas Iscariot?” Was it Matthias or Paul? Obviously, to ME. these two men are the ONLY TWO possibilities.

Now those, who are Jesus Words Only Christians, dogmatically demand that Matthias was ALREADY chosen to be numbered among the TWELVE, so to them and SOME other Sabbath-keeping Christians, it is impossible for Paul to be numbered as the TWELFTH apostles of Jesus.

But for me, I have to ask WHY? Now, I ask the question of WHY? Why is it impossible for Paul to be the TWELFTH apostle over Matthias, other than Matthias was chosen first by the other eleven apostles?

I mean one could argue that ISHMAEL is the rightful heir because he was born FIRST. And some Arab Muslims do indeed argue that they are the rightful heir because they are of the seed of Ismael.

So to ME, I see that Peter and the other the eleven apostles stepped out AHEAD of God to take matters in their OWN hands like Abraham got AHEAD of God and took matters in his OWN hands to have Ishmael as his firstborn son. And look at the mess that NOT waiting for God that Abraham caused. And for that matter look at the mess Peter and the other eleven apostles caused.

I mean look at the DIVISION in the church caused by some claiming that Paul is NOT a TRUE apostle of Jesus Christ so that they can try and prove that Paul is a FALSE teacher because their teachings do NOT agree with what Paul teaches.

So then, WHY do some Christians claim that Paul is a FALSE teacher? That is a simple question to answer. It is because they NEED Paul to be a FALSE teacher! And why do they NEED Paul to be a false teacher? Well, the answer to that question varies, but in general, they NEED Paul to be a FALSE teacher so they can:


#1. KEEP the followers that they already have from reading Paul's writings for themselves.


#2. Ease their OWN conscience.


#3. Hopefully, make it easier to build their numbers.


Now, I fully realize that hey sincerely believe that everyone is lost but them, so they are seriously DECEIVED!


You see dear child of God, if Sabbath-keeping churches can shed DOUBT on Paul even being an apostle of Jesus by claiming that Paul appointed HIMSELF as an apostle, then it would be easier to try and prove that Paul is a FALSE teacher.

Once this is done, then they can THROW out that part of the Bible that PROVES what they teach is in ERROR, because what they believe and teach CONTRADICTS the teachings of Paul the apostle of Jesus Christ.

I mean some Sabbath keeping Christians absolutely HATE Paul where some even call Paul Satan himself or that it was Satan who appeared to him masquerading as Jesus. Now to me, this hatred clearly reveals from WHERE this teaching that Paul is NOT a TRUE apostle of Jesus comes. Also, I myself see some Sabbath keeping Christians claiming that NON-seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians are not true Christians and cannot be true Christians UNTIL they start OBEYING the fourth commandment or keeping the SEVENTH DAY of the week as their Sabbath.

But what they fail to understand is that WE are keeping the TRUE Sabbath by RESTING in Jesus, our TRUE Sabbath rest, to CEASE from our OWN works of righteousness to OBEY HIS commandments. Jesus is the SIGN of the NEW covenant, which is a BETTER covenant established upon BETTER promises. Trying to keep the OLD covenant proves that one does NOT TRULY trust in Jesus.

Please read all the studies linked within this study and all the studies linked below. This study was just the TIP of the iceberg of exposing the ERRORS of interpretation made by the Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping churches, and the Sunday first day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians.

“WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?”

“YES CHRISTIANS MUST KEEP THE SABBATH!”

“JESUS IS LORD OF THE SABBATH!”

“MATTHEW 5:17-19 SABBATH TRUTH!”

“MATTHEW 24:20 FUTURE SABBATH KEEPING!”

 “SABBATH TRUTH REMEMBER THE SABBATH!”

“REALLY ONLY NINE OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS?”

“MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE 4th COMMANDMENT?”

“SABBATH KEEPING VERSUS SUNDAY WORSHIP?”

“60 ARGUMENTS FOR THE SABBATH!”

“IS JESUS OUR SABBATH REST?”

“THE SABBATH REST IS A SIGN!”

“THE SABBATH, SUNDAY, OR NEITHER DAY?”

“HAS GOD'S LAW BEEN ABOLISHED?”

“WAS JESUS RESURRECTED ON SUNDAY?”

“JESUS WORDS ONLY SABBATH TRUTH!”

“IS PAUL A TRUE APOSTLE OF JESUS?”

“IS THE APOSTLE PAUL A FALSE TEACHER?”

“DO PAUL'S TEACHINGS CONTRADICT JESUS?”

“MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE DIETARY LAWS?”

“ACTS 10 PETERS'S VISION OF CLEANSED MEATS?”

“IS THE HEBREWS ROOT MOVEMENT BIBLICAL?”

 “119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 1”

“119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 2"

“WHO ARE THE TRUE JEWS?”

“ARE BLACK AFRICANS THE TRUE HEBREWS?”

“WHAT IS THE ONE TRUE CHURCH?”

“WHAT IS THE TRUE GOSPEL OF JESUS CHRIST?”


But for now, please consider the following sound Biblical evidence for Paul to not only be a TRUE apostle of Jesus Christ, but ALSO the apostle that Jesus HIMSELF CHOSE to be numbered among the TWELVE apostles, who will sit on TWELVE thrones in the world to come to judge the twelve tribes of Israel and have their NAMES written on the TWELVE foundations of the city of God called the New Jerusalem. We have already seen the argument that Matthias was chosen FIRST does not stand up considering the example of Ishmael being born FIRST and therefore it is impossible for Isaac to be the TRUE heir.

The FACTS are that Jesus HIMSELF personally chose the ELEVEN and those eleven took it upon themselves to choose the TWELFTH disciple to be Matthias to be numbered among them to replace Judas Iscariot.

Now, this would be fine if so be that Jesus or Yahweh himself instructed them to do this. But the way, I see it as that they took this task upon themselves WITHOUT any “Thus says the Lord” or even any HINT of being told by God or his Son Jesus to do this.

But rather THEY themselves told God what THEY were going to do and then they prayed where again THEY told God what HE was going to do, making the ASSUMPTION that whosoever the LOT fell upon would be the replacement of Judas. They did not ASK God what they should do, and there are no verses where God himself instructed them to draw LOTS.

Now the issue here is NOT the way in which God spoke to his people in the OLD Testament, but rather how God leads Christians under the NEW covenant.

Hebrews 1:1,2 clearly teaches us that God at sundry times or in days of OLD spoke to his people, the Jews, by his prophets and in different ways, But NOW in these last days speaks to us by his SON.


Hebrews 1:1,2.


“God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spoke in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, (And one of those ways may have been the drawing of lots) 

2. Has in these last days spoken unto us BY his Son, whom he has appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;”


Jesus told his disciples in John 16:12-15 that he had yet many things to teach them that they were NOT able to bear UNTIL they were filled with the Holy Spirit AND the tine was ready for God to turn to the GENTILES to be saved. And then Jesus, through the Holy Spirit and visions, would teach them and show them things to come.


John 16:12-15.


I have YET MANY THINGS to say unto you, BUT you CANNOT BEAR them NOW. 

13. Howbeit WHEN HE, the Spirit of truth, is come, HE will guide you into ALL truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and HE will show you things to come

14. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall show it unto you.

15. All things that the Father has are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall show it unto you.”


Now the apostles and disciples of Jesus, all 120 of them were filled with the Holy Spirit AFTER they took it upon themselves to draw LOTS. So to ME, they were NOT being led by the Holy Spirit to accomplish this task of choosing a replacement for Judas Iscariot. I myself see NO evidence in the word of God where Almighty God, the Father, or his Son Jesus instructed any of his disciples or his eleven apostles to chose the twelfth apostle FOR Jesus.

But I do see evidence in God's word where Jesus HIMSELF made is OWN choice as to WHO HE wanted to replace Judas Iscariot as the TWELFTH apostle. 


Please read Acts 9:1-18.


“And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest, 

2. And desired of him letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any of this way, (Believers in Jesus were called the WAY and were not called Christians until later when they were first called Christians at Antioch. The main point here is that Saul had letters in hand to bind anyone he found preaching Jesus in Damascus) whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem. 

3. And AS he journeyed, he came near Damascus: and suddenly there shined round about him a light from heaven

4. And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecute you ME? (Whatever you do to the least of these little ones you do to ME) 

5. And he said, Who are you, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom you persecute: it is hard for you to kick against the pricks. (Please remember that brother Luke wrote down these words as a RECORD of what took place in the early church. So if you deny that this was truly Jesus himself, who appeared to Paul in a VISION, then you are calling brother Luke a LIAR and a false teacher as well and thus must be consistent in your INTERPRETATIONS and reject not only the teachings of Paul but also reject the teachings of brother Luke, who also wrote as a RECORD the GOSPEL of LUKE, which is in agreement almost word for word with the Gospels of Matthew and Mark. So if Luke is a false teacher saying the same things as Matthew and Mark, then how can you trust the words of Jesus in Matthew, Mark, or Luke. Why not just throw out the WHOLE NEW Testament like the JEWS and the MUSLIMS and DENY that Jesus is the MESSIAH, the Son of the living God and follow ONLY the Torah and the OLD covenant? Either you believe these words of Luke or you do not believe any of the NEW Testament. Either this was indeed the TRUE Jesus, who appeared to Paul or it was ANOTHER Jesus, that some Jesus Words Only Sabbath keepers claim was SATAN masquerading as Jesus. It is YOUR choice and I pray that you make the RIGHT choice dear en of God! The fact is that YOU must work out your own salvation with FEAR and TREMBLING!)

6. And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what will YOU have me to do? And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the city, and it SHALL BE told you what you must do. (Here we learn that Jesus SHALL teach Paul what he must do. One passage of scripture does NOT teach us everything. Other verses teach us that Paul had many other visions and revelations from the Holy Spirit, which is HOW Jesus said he would teach his disciples yet MANY THINGS that they could NOT bear UNTIL the Holy Spirit came to dwell IN them.  It is very possible the Jesus told Paul in one of those visions that he was appointed as an apostle. The church was still yet LEARNING NEW THINGS which Yahweh prophesied in the Old Testament that he would do.)

7. And the men which journeyed with him stood speechless, hearing a voice, but seeing no man. 

8. And Saul arose from the earth; and when his eyes were opened, he saw no man: but they led him by the hand, and brought him into Damascus. 

9. And he was three days without sight, and neither did eat nor drink. (Saul or Paul was a JEW. He knew to pray and fast and how to seek what Yahweh wants him to do) 

10. And there was a certain DISCIPLE (One who is a LEARNER of Jesus) at Damascus, named Ananias; and to him said the Lord in a VISION, Ananias. And he said, Behold, I am here, Lord. 

11. And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the street which is called Straight, and inquire in the house of Judas for one called Saul, of Tarsus: FOR, behold (Or BECAUSE look and see that), he prays, (Now Jesus may have opened the eyes of Ananias to actually see in a vision that Saul was praying and fasting to understand what the Lord wanted him to do or Jesus may have just told Ananias that Saul was praying.)

12. AND HE saw in a VISION a man named Ananias coming in and putting his hand on him, that he might receive his sight. (Here we see that BOTH Ananias and Saul are being given VISIONS from Jesus to LEARN what they are to DO. They are BOTH being TAUGHT by the Holy Spirit by REVELATION through VISIONS just like Peter said in Acts 2:1-18 when they received the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost as a fulfillment of the prophecy of Joel.) 

13. Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he has done to your saints at Jerusalem:

14. And here he has authority from the chief priests to bind all that call on your name. 

15. But the Lord said unto him, (Basically, Jesus is saying do not fear Ananias, but) Go your way: FOR (Or BECAUSE) HE is a CHOSEN VESSEL unto ME, (I MYSELF have PERSONALLY CHOSEN Saul) to bear MY NAME before the GENTILES, and kings, and the children of Israel

16. For I WILL SHOW him how great things he must suffer for MY name's sake. (Remember that brother Luke is simply RECORDING these words to us about the disciple, Ananias, teaching Ananias and US that Paul is a CHOSEN vessel that Jesus HIMSELF has chosen to take the gospel to the GENTILES, which is a NEW THING that God has not done before. Jesus was given this NEW thing to teach his disciples that they could NOT bear during the days of his ministry in the days of his flesh. And now that Holy Spirit is taking what now belongs to Jesus and is TEACHING these NEW THINGS to the disciples and APOSTLES of Jesus. In other words, if one CLAIMS that Paul is a false teacher then they must also say that Luke is a false teacher as well and throughout everything that Luke wrote. And to claim that Paul had a vision of SATAN is the same as calling Luke a LIAR and that the vision of Ananias was also of SATAN. Again, to falsely claim that Paul’s calling was NOT of God is to BLASPHEME the Holy Spirit)

17. And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, EVEN JESUS, that appeared unto YOU in the way as you came, has sent me, that you might receive your sight, AND be filled with the Holy Ghost

18. And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received sight forthwith, and arose, and was baptized.”


Saul became a NEW creature IN Jesus Christ that day, and if you continue reading in Acts you will LEARN all the mighty ACTS of the APOSTLE Paul the Yahweh himself did through Paul's hand as a CHOSEN vessel, who his Son Jesus personally CHOSE to be HIS APOSTLE to the GENTILES.

Let us continuing read the book of ACTS, which is also called the Acts of the Apostles. The King James Bible titles the book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”. The Revised Standard Version titles the book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”. Today's English Version titles the book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”. The Jerusalem Bible titles the book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”. The New English Bible titles the book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”. The Phillips Modern English titles the book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”. And these are just a few of the many different Bible translations that title the book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”.

Now CLEARLY, there are MANY ACTS of God, done by the hands of the apostle Paul, that is indeed recorded in the book of Acts, the Acts of the Apostles. But the ONLY time that Matthias is mentioned is when he was appointed BY the eleven as one of the only two choices that God was told that he had to choose from BY the drawing of LOTS. Simply look the name Matthias up in the concordance and you will find that the ONLY two times his name is even mentioned is in Acts 1:23 and Acts 1:26.

However, on the other side of the coin, the name Saul is found 26 times and the name Paul is found 163 times for a total of 189 times that Paul’s name is found in the New Testament.

Again, NO ACTS of any kind are recorded for Matthias, but on the other side of the coin, there are MANY ACTS recorded by brother Luke that Almighty God did by the hands of the apostle Paul CONFIRMING his word that Paul was teaching the TRUE gospel of Jesus Christ.


Please read Acts 14:3-10.

“Long time, therefore, abode they speaking boldly in the Lord, which GAVE TESTIMONY unto the WORD of HIS grace, and GRANTED SIGNS and WONDERS to be done by their hands

4. But the multitude of the city was divided: and part held with the Jews, and part with the apostles. 

5. And when there was an assault made both of the Gentiles, and also of the Jews with their rulers, to use them despitefully, and to stone them, 

6. They were aware of it, and fled unto Lystra and Derbe, cities of Lycaonia, and unto the region that lies round about: 

7. And there they preached the gospel. 

8. And there sat a certain man at Lystra, impotent in his feet, being a cripple from his mother's womb, who never had walked: 

9. The same heard Paul speak: who stedfastly beholding him, and perceiving that he had faith to be healed, 

10. Said with a loud voice, Stand upright on your feet. And he leaped and walked.”


Now some may argue that this does not prove anything, because neither was there any ACTS recorded of several of the twelve apostles of Jesus. But we are NOT comparing Paul to any other disciple EXCEPT Matthias, because the controversy or the issue at hand is WHO is the soundest Biblical choice for being the TWELFTH apostle of Jesus and the ONLY TWO possible choices are Matthias and Paul. The other eleven are already a part of the TWELVE.

The word “apostle” means one who is SENT. Now, we are NOT told specifically that Matthias was SENT BY the Holy Spirit because neither Luke nor any of the other apostles or disciples of Jesus said anything about Matthias except what is recorded in Acts 1:23-26.

However, on the other hand, we are indeed told that the Holy Spirit called and sent Paul.


Please read Acts 13:1-4.


“Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul. 

2. AS they ministered to the Lord and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have CALLED them. 

3. And when they had fasted and prayed and laid their hands on them, they sent them away. 

4. So they, being SENT forth BY the Holy Ghost, departed unto Seleucia; and from thence they sailed to Cyprus.”


Now another requirement to be chosen as a replacement for Judas Iscariot is that the one chosen must be a WITNESS to the RISEN Savior, in that, they SAW the risen Jesus. We know that Matthias met this qualification, otherwise, the eleven apostles of Jesus would not have appointed him to be one of the ONLY two choices to be decided by the drawing of lots.

But what about Paul? Did Paul see the RISEN Jesus? Yes, he did! Jesus APPEARED to Paul on the road to Damascus while on his way to persecute to saints of God. We have already covered Acts 9:1-18, but I would like to say again that no one actually was an “eye” witness to see Jesus being raised from the dead. In other words, they were eyewitnesses to the RISEN Jesus by having seen Jesus AFTER God raised Jesus from the dead. To say this another way, Christians TODAY, who have seen Jesus in a VISION, are an EYE WITNESS of the RISEN Jesus. Blessed is he who has NOT SEEN, but still BELIEVE in Jesus who they have NOT SEEN.

Now, while many today may be eyewitnesses to the risen Jesus, having seen Jesus is a vision, is not the only qualification to being one of the TWELVE Apostles of Jesus. Personally, I believe that Paul has ALREADY filled that position of being the TWELFTH Apostle of Jesus Christ. And to be an apostle TODAY does NOT require one to have SEEN Jesus in a vision. 

This can be argued until Jesus returns as to whether or not there are true apostles of Jesus Christ in the church today. I myself do not know personally, face to face, any apostles in the church today, but I believe anyone called into full-time ministry, to be SENT by the Holy Spirit to disciple NEW Christians and God is confirming their preaching and teaching with SIGNS following, then to me, they are apostles of Jesus Christ. Some call themselves missionaries, but in the sense of the meaning of the word, they are apostles. They have planted many churches and visited them to see that they are doing well.

On the other side, there are some who claim to be apostles, but in truth, they are not. But rather they enjoy the TITLE and the praises of men. Enough said on that subject.

Let us get back to see if Paul fulfilled ALL the qualifications of being numbered with the TWELVE to take the place of Judas Iscariot. Here are the qualifications set forth by Peter in Acts 1:15-26.


Acts 1:15-26.


“And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples, and said, (the number of names together were about a hundred and twenty,) 

16. Men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus. 

17. For he was numbered with us and had obtained part of this ministry. 

18. Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity, and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out. 

19. And it was known unto all the dwellers at Jerusalem; insomuch as that field is called in their proper tongue, Aceldama, that is to say, The field of blood.

20. For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein: and his bishoprick let another take

21. Wherefore of these MEN which have accompanied WITH US ALL the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, 

22. BEGINNING from the baptism of John, unto that SAME day that he was taken up from us, MUST ONE be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection. 

23. And THEY appointed TWO, Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed, Justus, and Matthias. 

24. And they prayed, and said, You, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, show whether of these two you have chosen,

25. That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place. 

26. And they gave forth their lots, and the lot fell upon Matthias; and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.”


Now, according to the words of Peter, the ONLY one eligible to replace Judas was a disciple of Jesus, who had been a disciple from the very beginning of the baptism of John the Baptist and also remained a faithful disciple all the way to the end when Jesus ascended up into heaven just days ago.

But the PROPHECY itself in Psalm 109:8 simply states let another take his office. It is written in the Scriptures does not place all the qualifications that Peter states in Acts 1:21,22. Peter says that the one who replaces Judas must be a disciple of Jesus. A disciple is a LEARNER or one who is TAUGHT. So Paul meets Peter’s qualification of being a learner of Jesus. Paul was an outside observer from the beginning and he persecuted the disciples of Jesus. Paul witnessed the TRUTH that Jesus was ALIVE from the dead in his vision of Jesus on the road to Damascus. So while Paul was not a true believer from the very beginning, he did indeed become a true believer. My point is that ALL the disciples had DOUBTS about Jesus from time to time.

When we read John 6:66-71, we find that MANY of the disciples left off following Jesus. So many of them were there, who departed, that Jesus perceived that even the TWELVE were doubting what he was teaching saying that it was a HARD thing to understand, that Jesus asked the TWELVE if they would leave him ALSO.


John 6:66-71.


“From that time MANY of his disciples went back and walked NO MORE him. 

67. Then said Jesus unto the TWELVE, Will you ALSO go away? (The wording in these two verses teaches us that this was no small matter and that a MASS left off following Jesus NO MORE, in that, MOST if not all his disciples except for the TWELVE left off following Jesus, to follow him NO MORE. The number of disciples grew again going up and down until there remained 120 on the day of Pentecost. But how many of the 120 were women. And more importantly, how many of the MEN of that number of 120 companies WITH the twelve the WHOLE time? Well, only TWO were appointed, so I would have to say only TWO other men, besides the ELEVEN, were with the original apostles of Jesus the WHOLE time. BUT which of these TWO should they pick? Why not draw LOTS as was the custom of the Jews to decide matters in the Old Testament? So they decided among themselves to draw LOTS. They only prayed AFTER they made their OWN decision to draw LOTS. We do NOT see any thus says the Lord instructions in Acts 1:15-26 specifically telling the eleven apostles to draw lots to chose a replacement for Judas Iscariot. My point right now is that many of the followers left off following Jesus and Jesus asked the original TWELVE Apostles if they will also leave him?)

68. Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life. 

69. And we believe and are sure that you are that Christ, the Son of the living God. 

70. Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil? 

71. He spoke of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for he it was that should betray him, being one of the twelve.”


Here we see that only the ELEVEN remained faithful to Jesus along with perhaps a few more disciples, who may not have left with the many. So it is a wonder that Peter found even TWO, who met HIS qualifications. Keep in mind that even Peter DOUBTED that Jesus was raised from the dead when the news was first told to him that Jesus was alive. See Mark 16:11, Luke 24:9-12, and John chapter 20 along with Luke 24:36-46. For you see, Jesus was with them for FORTY days CONVINCING them by many infallible proofs that it was him and that he was indeed alife from the dead never to die again.

Again, all we know for sure is that the number of followers of Jesus, in the upper room waiting for the promise of the Holy Spirit, were 120 on the day of Pentecost. But how many of the 120 were women and more importantly how many of the MEN of that number of 120 accompanying with the ELEVEN the WHOLE time? Well, only TWO were appointed, so I would have to say only TWO were with the eleven remaining apostles the WHOLE time. BUT which of the TWO should they pick? Why not draw LOTS as was the custom to decide matters in the Old Testament? Sound goods to me, thought the others. Let us do draw lots to pick the replacement of Judas Iscariot.

Now, this may sound like I am putting words in the mouths of the ELEVEN Apostles of Jesus, but in truth, is this not the way that the devil plays with our minds today to get ahead of God and take matters into our OWN hands without ANY direction given to us by the Holy Spirit. What I mean by this is that WE have the Holy Spirit DWELLING IN US and we still get ahead of God at times. But THEY had not yet been filled with the Holy Spirit because the day of Pentecost had not come as yet.

You see dear children of God, Jesus commanded his disciples to WAIT UNTIL they were endued with POWER, that is to say, power and AUTHORITY from on high, but they decided not to wait for the Holy Spirit and on their own they made the decision to draw lots BEFORE they received that baptism and infilling of the Holy Spirit.


Please read Acts 1:4,5.


“And, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but WAIT for the promise of the Father, which, said he, you have heard of me. (And to make sure they understood what promise Jesus left them no doubt that he was commanding them to WAIT until they receive the BAPTISM of the Holy Spirit.)

5. For John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.”


So then, Peter’s idea to replace the office of Judas by choosing LOTS was BEFORE the disciples of Jesus were filled with the Holy Spirit.


Now read Luke 24:49.


“And, behold, I send the PROMISE of my Father upon you: BUT TARRY (Or WAIT) you in the city of Jerusalem, UNTIL you be ENDUED WITH POWER from on high.”


But WHY? Why did Jesus want his disciples to WAIT UNTIL they received the Holy Spirit? Because they STILL YET had more to LEARN. Jesus was NOT finished TEACHING his disciple yet. There were MANY MORE things that Jesus wanted to teach them BUT they were NOT able to BEAR those teachings UNTIL they were baptized with the Holy Spirit and the Holy Spirit DWELT IN them to LEAD and GUIDE them. So then, it is indeed possible that Peter got AHEAD of the Lord in replacing Judas with another. And it may very well be that PAUL’S name will be on the 12 foundations of the city of the New Jerusalem as opposed to the name Matthias. Let us continue reading more evidence of why I believe that Jesus HIMSELF chose Paul to replace Judas as one of the TWELVE Apostles of Jesus to sit on the TWELVE thrones.


Please read John 16:12-15.


I have YET MANY THINGS to say unto you, BUT you CANNOT BEAR THEM NOW. 

13. Howbeit WHEN HE, the Spirit of truth, is come, HE WILL GUIDE YOU into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. 

14. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall show it unto you.

15. All things that the Father has are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall show it unto you.”


In other words, Jesus was saying to his apostles and disciples, “WHEN you receive the baptism of the Holy Spirit, I will continue to teach you through the Holy Spirit dwelling IN you. He will take what is MINE that the Father has GIVEN me and teach you MY words, which again were given to me from Yahweh to teach to you.”

Again, I myself believe that Jesus HIMSELF chose Paul to replace Judas Iscariot to make up the TWELVE Apostles, who will sit on TWELVE thrones to judge the twelve tribes of Israel. But we could argue this point until Jesus returns, so let us cut to the chase and get down to the core issue.

When one searches this controversy in depth they will find that the first point that was raised was that of Paul NOT being a TRUE Apostle in order to try and prove that Paul is a FALSE teacher. Then the other side countered showing that there were MORE than just the TWELVE Apostles, who were also called APOSTLES. But then the other side comes back to TRY and prove that the other disciples, who were called apostles, were not TRUE apostles either, because they were NOT one of the TWELVE apostles.

But WHY? Why do they try and prove that ALL the apostles, who are called apostles in the New Testament, are NOT truly Apostles when the Bible ITSELF calls them APOSTLES?

I will tell you why. It is so that one side of Jesus Word Only Movement can DISCREDIT the teachings of Paul! That is the WHOLE agenda of this one side of the controversy made by the Jesus words only believers. They could not resist the Holy Spirit teachings of the Apostle Paul so they took it upon themselves to make the claim that you cannot trust any words in the New Testament except for the words of Jesus. Hence the name, Jesus Words Only believers.

So then, let us now get down to the CORE ISSUE of WHY some Christians NEED Paul to be a FALSE APOSTLE and thus claim that Paul is a FALSE TEACHER. And that CORE issue is that the TEACHINGS of Paul prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that what these Christians teach is in ERROR.

You see dear children of God, the ONLY Christians, who are teaching that Paul is NOT a TRUE Apostle of Jesus and thus a FALSE teacher, are the SEVENTH DAY of the WEEK Saturday Sabbath keeping Christians, who dogmatically demand that in order to be a TRUE Christian you MUST keep ALL the law of God written in the Old Testament. They argue that the Old Testament is PART of the Bible as well and we just cannot simply throw out the Old Testament and pretend that it is not there.

But what some seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians have FAILED to see is that the OLD COVENANT is NOT IN the NEW Testament. They have failed to see that the NEW covenant was PROPHESIED to come in the Old Testament. The Seventh day of the week, Saturday only, Sabbath keepers, SEMI Sabbath keepers who keep BOTH Saturday and Sunday, and EVEN FIRST day of the week Sunday Sabbath keepers, are ALL trying to keep BOTH covenants at the SAME time.

Now, the seventh day of the week Saturday Sabbath keeping churches begin seducing Christians into their religion of error by FIRST convincing them that they MUST keep the FOURTH commandment, which is to keep the SEVENTH DAY of the week. This is relatively easy by FOCUSING on the Ten Commandments because most Christians do indeed believe that we MUST keep the Ten Commandments of God.

But then they point out that most Christians do NOT keep the SEVENTH DAY of the week commandment. Now it gets a little harder because most Christians do faithfully attend church nearly every Sunday. However, Sabbath-keepers keep compelling Christians until some Christians become convinced by their words and that they begin to fear that they are not pleasing God. So they start attending a Sabbath keeping church just in case they might have been displeasing God by not keeping the weekly Sabbath day.

After they have deceived a Christian that he or she must keep the SEVENTH DAY of the week in order to be a TRUE Christian that pleases God then they begin teaching them that God knows BEST and it is better that they follow the DIETARY laws written in the Old Testament. In other words, these Christians have been deceived into believing that they are NOW pleasing God by going to church on Saturday, where before, they were supposedly not pleasing God by going to church on Sunday. Then they begin working on the next step, which is to convince their new converts, who were already truly born again Christians, that they must keep the DIETARY laws written in the Old Testament under the OLD covenant in order to please God. And of course, they only START with forbidding them from eating pork. They make pork to be as disgusting as they can until they have convinced their new convert that God hates those who eat PIG. But they do NOT stop there and little by little they convince that unsuspecting Christian to keep ALL the dietary laws written in the Old Testament.

SOME Sabbath-keeping churches stop there with the dietary laws and keeping Saturday, but some continue to bind more and more of the ordinances written in the Old Testament upon their followers.

After a while, when some of their followers, or even some of their LEADERS, begin to QUESTION all these added burdens, then this is when the Sabbath-keeping church leaders begin to throw DOUBT on the teachings of Paul lest they LOSE their followers and even some of their LEADERS. If you think I am making this up, then do your OWN honest research. Talk to those, who have LEFT a Sabbath-keeping church! I mean if you are TRULY seeking the TRUTH, then you need to hear BOTH sides of this controversy.

Here are some testimonies of those who left a Sabbath keeping church:


#1. This is a testimony of a first day or Sunday keeping Pastor, who became a Sabbath keeping Pastor. But after a time he sees the errors of their interpretations and returns to being a Pastor of a church on Sunday truly understand that NO day of the week is commanded for us as Christians to keep in the New Testament under the NEW covenant.

http://www.ukapologetics.net/sabbath.html

#2. This testimony is from a former Sabbath keeper, who observed the seventh day Sabbath for 47 years, until the Holy Spirit opened his eyes to see the difference between the OLD and the NEW covenant,

http://www.truthorfables.com/Renouncing_the_Sabbath.htm

#3. This is a link to a website devoted to reaching out to both ex-Sabbath keepers and those still attending Sabbath-keeping churches but still having QUESTIONS.

http://www.exadventist.com/Home/Sabbath/SabbathSunday/tabid/516/Default.aspx 

#4. This is another website that exposes the errors of the 7th Day Adventist, but in doing so they also expose the errors of interpretation made by ALL Sabbath-keeping Christians. You see dear child of God, it is not just the 7th Day Adventist, who wrongly compel Christians to keep the seventh day of the week, but rather it is ALL Saturday keeping Christians, who wrongly teach that Christians must keep the seventh day of the week, because it is a COMMANDMENT of Almighty God himself, and any Christian, who does not keep the seventh day of the week, as a day of rest, is sinning because they are breaking the fourth commandment! But that is only ONE PART of the Bible while IGNORING the REST of the Bible. So I share this link with you because he gives SOUND Biblical teaching showing the ERRORS of interpretation made by ALL Sabbath-keeping churches no matter which Sabbath Keeping church you attend.

http://www.bible.ca/7-lying-for-god-Kerry-Wynne.htm

#5. For those who prefer video teachings here is a link to a YouTube video of a former Sabbath keeping Christian, who was a third generation Sabbath keeper whose father and grandfather were Sabbath keepers. All three were not only Sabbath keepers but they were the pastors of Sabbath keeping churches. This is his testimony of how he came to the knowledge of the truth that keeping the seventh DAY of the week as a day of REST was a SIGN pointing the Jesus as our TRUE Sabbath REST. Once you are on YouTube watching this video you will find many more videos of personal testimonies of what particular SCRIPTURE the Holy Spirit used to open their eyes to the truth of the WHOLE word of God on this subject of the Sabbath.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Es9xJutiwo


All I am asking is that you truly consider with your whole heart the OTHER side of the controversy. Be honest with yourself and with God to TRULY seek HIS truth of the WHOLE word of God. The Holy Spirit will NOT lead anyone into error.

It is the ENEMY of God, who leads Christians into error. Satan cannot keep anyone from seeking the truth, but he can lead those seeking the truth into error by DECEIVING them that what they conclude certain verses to mean is the truth when, in fact, it is NOT the truth of the WHOLE word of God.

With that being said let us now move on to the next section of this study in God's word to learn what the WHOLE word of God teaches us about the Sabbath. For the next section of this in-depth study in God's word to expose the errors of INTERPRETATION made by ALL Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians please click on this link “THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT IS ETERNAL!”


Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies that I gave links to throughout this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below along with all the studies that I have on this subject. Also, below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.


Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,


Brother Mark.


 

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Some Christians CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's day.

Please read all the studies linked within this study and all the studies linked below. This study was just the TIP of the iceberg of exposing the ERRORS of interpretation made by the Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath-keeping churches, and the Sunday first day of the week Sabbath-keeping Christians. All of the studies listed below can be sent to a brother or sister caught up in the Hebrew Roots Movement or a Sabbath-keeping church by sending them this one link “>>>WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?<<<”

Or you can pick and choose any of the links below to send to them or read for yourself. Be sure to read the HISTORICAL evidence if you have not already done so. I post the SAME historical evidence at the end of almost every study on this subject of the Sabbath day. But if you want to read it again you may see something that did not stand out before.

 

“YES CHRISTIANS MUST KEEP THE SABBATH!”

“JESUS IS LORD OF THE SABBATH!”

“MATTHEW 5:17-19 SABBATH TRUTH!”

“MATTHEW 24:20 FUTURE SABBATH KEEPING!”

“SABBATH TRUTH REMEMBER THE SABBATH!”

“REALLY ONLY NINE OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS?”

“MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE 4th COMMANDMENT?”

“SABBATH KEEPING VERSUS SUNDAY WORSHIP?”

“60 ARGUMENTS FOR THE SABBATH!”

“IS JESUS OUR SABBATH REST?”

“THE SABBATH REST IS A SIGN!”

“THE SABBATH, SUNDAY, OR NEITHER DAY?”

“WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?”

“HAS GOD'S LAW BEEN ABOLISHED? (Matthew 5:17-19)”

“IS SATURDAY THE LORD'S DAY?”

“WAS JESUS RESURRECTED ON SUNDAY?”

“JESUS WORDS ONLY! SABBATH TRUTH!”

“IS PAUL A TRUE APOSTLE OF JESUS?”

“IS THE APOSTLE PAUL A FALSE TEACHER?”

“DO PAUL'S TEACHINGS CONTRADICT JESUS?”

“MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE DIETARY LAWS?”

“ACTS 10 PETER'S VISION OF CLEANSED MEATS?”

“IS THE HEBREWS ROOT MOVEMENT BIBLICAL?”

“119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 1”

“119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 2”

“WHO ARE THE TRUE JEWS?”

“ARE BLACK AFRICANS THE TRUE HEBREWS?”

“WHAT IS THE ONE TRUE CHURCH?”

 

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Again, some Christians make the CLAIM that the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first-century church was accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of daybreak on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's Day.

Here is a NON BIAS historical account found in a letter from Pliny the Younger to Trojan concerning the Christians.

Pliny was a Roman who persecuted and killed Christians, so again this is a historical NON BIAS account of WHEN Christians gathered together.

Here is what Pliny says in his letter to Trojan. The EMPHASIS and comments in parenthesis are my own:

 

“That they were WONT (Or as they were ACCUSTOMED and USED to do, or in the HABIT of doing), on a STATED day (Or on a CERTAIN preset day), to meet together BEFORE IT WAS LIGHT, and to sing a hymn to Christ, as to a god, alternately; and to oblige themselves by a sacrament [or oath], not to do anything that was ill: but that they would commit no theft, or pilfering, or adultery; that they would not break their promises, or deny what was deposited with them, when it was required back again; after which it was their CUSTOM to depart, AND to meet AGAIN at a common but innocent meal,(So after they had worship service early morning beginning before day light, they would depart and they come back together later that same day to share a common simple meal together and most likely break bread together as other early church writers give more detail) which they had left off upon that edict which I published at your command, and wherein I had forbidden any such conventicles (Or religious meetings).”

 

Below are some quotes of early church writers that clearly teach us that the early church did NOT keep the Sabbath day, as in, on SATURDAY, the 7th day of the week, but rather the early church throughout history from it's beginning worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, which is sometimes referred to as the EIGHTH day of the week or the day AFTER the Sabbath day, or the LORD'S DAY. (The emphasis is mine in these quotes given below):

The year AD or date is given first and then the source is given at the end followed by the quote from that historical source. The Apostle John was still alive until 100 AD.

 

#1. 90 AD DIDACHE:

"Christian Assembly on the Lord's Day:

 

1. But every Lord's day do ye gather yourselves together, and break bread, and give thanksgiving after having confessed your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure.

2. But let no one that is at variance with his fellow come together with you, until they be reconciled, that your sacrifice may not be profaned.

3. For this is that which was spoken by the Lord: In every place and time offer to me a pure sacrifice; for I am a great King, saith the Lord, and my name is wonderful among the nations." (Didache: The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, Chapter XIV)

 

#2. 100 AD BARNABAS:

 

"We keep the eighth day [Sunday] with joyfulness, the day also on which Jesus rose again from the dead" (The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD 15:6-8).

 

#3. 100 AD BARNABAS:

 

Moreover, God says to the Jews, 'Your new moons and Sabbaths I cannot endure.' You see how he says, 'The present Sabbaths are not acceptable to me, but the Sabbath which I have made in which, when I have rested [heaven: Heb 4] from all things, I will make the beginning of the eighth day which is the beginning of another world.' Wherefore we Christians keep the eighth day for joy, on which also Jesus arose from the dead and when he appeared ascended into heaven. (15:8f, The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, pg. 147)

 

#4. 110 AD Pliny:

 

They were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a god, and bound themselves by a solemn oath not to (do) any wicked deeds, never to commit any fraud, theft, or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up; after which it was their custom to separate, and then reassemble to partake of good food—but food of an ordinary and innocent kind. (About three years after the death of Ignatius in 250, an important official communication was sent from one Pliny to Trojan the Roman emperor. Pliny, the Roman governor of Bithynia, wrote of the Christians who had been congregating there probably from at least A.D. 62 onwards. In this remark, it is explicitly stated that these early Christians observed the substance of most of the Ten Commandments, and it is implied that they observed all ten as far as they were able to do so. As far as they were able, for as most of the early Christians were of slave stock or from other lower classes'-, and those who had heathen masters or employers—the vast majority—would be forced to work on THEIR day of rest, which was unfortunately an official working day throughout the empires' until Constantine's "Sabbath" Edict in 321 A.D. gave them some measure of public protection. Hence one reads that after meeting "on a certain FIXED day before it was light", the first century Bithynian Christians had "to separate"—many of them having to labor for their masters and/or employers from dawn to dusk—"and then reassemble to partake of . . . food". The "certain fixed day" [stato die"'] on which the Christians met, is regarded by Seventh-day Adventists as Saturday'-. Certainly, the expression would seem to indicate a regular day of meeting, probably each week. But Sunday is FAR more likely to have been the "certain fixed day" than Saturday. For if Pliny had been referring to the old Saturday Sabbath, as a Roman he would doubtless have referred to the "later" meeting first and only then to the morning meeting on the day after the "certain fixed day", seeing that the old Saturday Sabbath was demarcated from the evening of one day to the evening of the following day. But Pliny makes no such reference. Instead, he mentions that the pre-dawn meeting took place first—and only afterward, the later meeting; and that both meetings took place on the SAME "certain fixed day". This rather points to the Roman (and—more importantly!—New Testament) midnight to midnight demarcation of modern Sunday-keepers than to the evening to evening demarcation of the Jews and the Seventh-day Adventists.) (The Covenantal Sabbath, Francis Nigel Lee, Pg 242)

 

Also, I myself will further add to the comment of the writer above that mere common sense plainly teaches us that Pliny was clearly speaking of SUNDAY because the LAW that Constantine passed was not to mandate work on SUNDAY, so that these Christians could worship God on SUNDAY. So the CLAIM by the Seventh Day Advent church that the fixed day of worship for Christians was a Saturday is FALSE. Otherwise, Constantine would have made it a law that employers allow Christians off for work on a Saturday rather than on a Sunday. 

This PROVES beyond any shadow of a doubt that the Christians were ALREADY worshiping God on SUNDAY, the FIRST DAY of the week from the very beginning of the church on the day of Pentecost. The truth of the matter is that Constantine only made it easier for Christians to worship God on Sunday without being persecuted by their employers or owners by passing the EDICT making it a LAW to force heathen employers to let their employees have at least some time off from work so that they could worship God on SUNDAY. 

Every Sabbath keeper will AGREE that Constantine's “SABBATH” is referring to SUNDAY as the day of the week and NOT as Saturday being the REST for Christians. Again, all that Constantine did was to pass a law making it EASIER for Christians to worship on the DAY that they had ALREADY been worshiping on since the very beginning, at the DAY of PENTECOST, which is on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week that Christian called the LORD'S day, the day our Lord rose from the grave. 

Open your EYES dear child of God and read what these early church writings are teaching us about the EARLIEST believers as to which day the early church worshiped God. SUNDAY has ALWAYS been the Sabbath or the day of REST of the early church and the church throughout its entire history.

 

#5. 150 AD EPISTLE OF THE APOSTLES:

 

-I [Christ] have come into being on the eighth day which is the day of the Lord. (18)

 

#6. 150 AD JUSTIN.

 

"He then speaks of those Gentiles, namely us, who in every place offer sacrifices to Him, i.e., the bread of the Eucharist, and also the cup of the Eucharist, affirming both that we glorify His name, and that you profane [it]. The command of circumcision, again, bidding [them] always circumcise the children on the eighth day, was a type of the true circumcision, by which we are circumcised from deceit and iniquity through Him who rose from the dead on the first day AFTER the Sabbath, [namely through] our Lord Jesus Christ. For the first day after the Sabbath, remaining the first of all the days, is called, however, the eighth, according to the number of all the days of the cycle, and [yet] remains the first." (Justin, Dialogue 41:4)

 

#7. 150 AD JUSTIN:

 

...those who have persecuted and do persecute Christ, if they do not repent, shall not inherit anything on the holy mountain. But the Gentiles, who have believed on Him, and have repented of the sins which they have committed, they shall receive the inheritance along with the patriarchs and the prophets, and the just men who are descended from Jacob, even although they neither keep the Sabbath, nor are circumcised, nor observe the feasts. Assuredly they shall receive the holy inheritance of God. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 207)

 

#8. 150 AD JUSTIN:

 

But if we do not admit this, we shall be liable to fall into foolish opinion, as if it were not the same God who existed in the times of Enoch and all the rest, who neither were circumcised after the flesh, nor observed Sabbaths, nor any other rites, seeing that Moses enjoined such observances... For if there was no need of circumcision before Abraham, or of the observance of Sabbaths, of feasts and sacrifices, before Moses; no more need is there of them now, after that, according to the will of God, Jesus Christ the Son of God has been born without sin, of a virgin sprung from the stock of Abraham. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 206)

 

#9. 150 AD JUSTIN:

 

Moreover, all those righteous men already mentioned [after mentioning Adam. Abel, Enoch, Lot, Noah, Melchizedek, and Abraham], though they kept no Sabbaths, were pleasing to God; and after them Abraham with all his descendants until Moses... And you [fleshly Jews] were commanded to keep Sabbaths, that you might retain the memorial of God. For His word makes this announcement, saying, "That you may know that I am God who redeemed you." (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, page 204)

 

#10. 150 AD JUSTIN.

 

There is no other thing for which you blame us, my friends, is there than this? That we do not live according to the Law, nor, are we circumcised in the flesh as your forefathers, nor do we observe the Sabbath as you do. (Dialogue with Trypho 10:1. In verse 3 the Jew Trypho acknowledges that Christians 'do not keep the Sabbath.')

 

#11. 155 AD Justin Martyr:

 

"[W]e too would observe the fleshly circumcision, and the Sabbaths, and in short all the feasts, if we did not know for what REASON they were enjoined [on] you--namely, on account of your transgressions and the hardness of your heart. . . . [H]ow is it, Trypho, that we would not observe those rites which do not harm us--I speak of fleshly circumcision AND Sabbaths AND feasts? . . . God enjoined you [Jews] to keep the Sabbath and impose on you other precepts for a sign, as I have already said, on account of your unrighteousness and that of your fathers" (Dialogue with Trypho the Jew 18, 21).

 

#12. 180 AD ACTS OF PETER:

 

Paul had often contended with the Jewish teachers and had confuted them (Or refuted them completely), saying 'it is Christ on whom your fathers laid hands. He abolished their Sabbath and fasts and festivals and circumcision.' (1: I)-2

 

 

#13. 180 AD GOSPEL OF PETER:

 

Early in the morning when (the Sabbath dawned, a multitude from Jerusalem and the surrounding country came to see the scaled sepulcher. In the night in which the Lord's day dawned, while the soldiers in pairs for each watch were keeping guard, a great voice came from heaven. [There follows an account of the resurrection. Early in the morning of the Lord's day Mary Magdalene, a disciple of the Lord .... came to the sepulcher. (9:34f.; 12:50f.)

 

 

#14. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:

 

(in commenting on each of the Ten Commandments and their Christian meaning:) The seventh day is proclaimed a day of rest, PREPARING by abstention from evil FOR the Primal day, our TRUE rest. (Ibid. VII. xvi. 138.1)

 

I will add that the meaning of the word “Primal” means an “ARCHETYPAL” which means an original TYPE pointing to the TRUE. So this early church writer is saying what Paul teaches us in scripture that the things in the OLD Testament are TYPES and SHADOWS or the TRUE which was to come. Jesus became our SABBATH, and we have entered into our REST being in Jesus Christ. The SABBATH was an ARCHETYPAL pointing toward our TRUE REST which was to come being FULFILLED in the ATONEMENT of Jesus.

 

 

#15. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:

 

He does the commandment according to the Gospel and keeps the Lord's day, whenever he puts away an evil mind . . . glorifying the Lord's resurrection in himself. (Ibid. Vii.xii.76.4)

 

 

#16. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:

 

Plato prophetically speaks of the Lord's day in the tenth book of the Republic, in these words: 'And when seven days have passed to each of them in the meadow, on the eighth they must go on." (Miscellanies V.xiv.106.2)

 

 

#17. 200 AD BARDESANES:

 

Wherever we are, we are all called after the one name of Christ Christians. On one day, the first of the week, we assemble ourselves together (On Fate)

 

 

#18. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

"We solemnize the day AFTER Saturday in contradistinction to those who call this day their Sabbath" (Tertullian's Apology, Ch 16)

 

In other words, Tertullian is saying that we Christians DISTINGUISH us from the JEWS who hold Saturday as THEIR Sabbath by solemnizing or referencing the day AFTER Saturday as our day of worship and rest.

 

 

#19. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

 

It follows, accordingly, that, in so far as the abolition of carnal circumcision and of the old law is demonstrated as having been consummated at its specific times, so also the observance of the Sabbath is demonstrated to have been temporary. (An Answer to the Jews 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 155)

 

 

#20. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

 

Let him who contends that the Sabbath is still to be observed a balm of salvation, and circumcision on the eighth day because of the threat of death, teach us that in earliest times righteous men kept Sabbath or practiced circumcision, and so were made friends of God. .. ...Therefore, since God originated Adam uncircumcised, and inobservant of the Sabbath, consequently his offspring also, Abel, offering Him sacrifices, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was by Him commended... Noah also, uncircumcised - yes, and inobservant of the Sabbath - God freed from the deluge. For Enoch, too, most righteous man, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, He translated from this world... Melchizedek also, "the priest of most high God," uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was chosen to the priesthood of God. (An Answer to the Jews 2:10; 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 153)

 

 

#21. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

 

Others . . . suppose that the sun is the god of the Christians because it is well-known that we regard Sunday as a day of joy. (To the Nations 1: 133)

 

Keep in mind that this was well BEFORE Constantine SUPPOSEDLY CHANGED the day of rest and worship to Sunday as the Seventh Day Adventist church CLAIMS. But in TRUTH, Christians had ALREADY been worshiping God on Sunday, the FIRST day of the week that they also called the Lord’s Day, the day that our Lord and Savior Jesus rose from the dead. 

So, as early as Tertullian in 200 AD there were groups of JEWS and Christian JEWS who ASSUMED or who SUPPOSED, or who FALSELY ACCUSED Christians of worshiping God on SUNDAY that they were worshiping a sun god and not the true God.

 

 

#22. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:

 

To us Sabbaths are foreign. (On Idolatry, 14:6)4

 

 

#23. 220 AD ORIGEN:

 

"On Sunday none of the actions of the world should be done. If then, you abstain from all the works of this world and keep yourselves free for spiritual things, go to church, listen to the readings and divine homilies, meditate on heavenly things. (Homil. 23 in Numeros 4, PG 12:749)

 

 

#24. 220 AD Origen:

 

"Hence it is not possible that the [day of] rest after the Sabbath should have come into existence from the seventh [day] of our God. On the contrary, it is our Savior who, after the pattern of his own rest, caused us to be made in the likeness of his death, and hence also of his resurrection" (Commentary on John 2:28).

 

 

#25. 225 AD The Didascalia:

 

"The apostles further appointed: On the first day of the week let there be service, and the reading of the Holy Scriptures, and the oblation, because on the first day of the week our Lord rose from the place of the dead, and on the first day of the week he arose upon the world, and on the first day of the week he ascended up to heaven, and on the first day of the week he will appear at last with the angels of heaven" (Didascalia 2).

 

And I add further that the church BEGAN on the day of Pentecost, on a SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week. The early church evidence and the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible, make it quite clear that the early church worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, called the LORD'S day and that they did NOT KEEP the Sabbath day as the JEWS.

 

 

#26. 250 AD CYPRIAN:

 

The eight day, that is, the first day after the Sabbath, and the Lord's Day." (Epistle 58, Sec 4)

 

 

#27. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

 

"If, therefore, those who were brought up in the ancient order of things have come to the possession of a new hope, no longer observing the Sabbath, but living in the observance of the Lord's Day, on which also our life has sprung up again by Him and by His death-whom some deny, by which mystery we have obtained faith, and therefore endure, that we may be found the disciples of Jesus Christ, our only Master-how shall we be able to live apart from Him, whose disciples the prophets themselves in the Spirit did wait for Him as their Teacher? And therefore He whom they rightly waited for, being come, raised them from the dead. If, then, those who were conversant with the ancient Scriptures came to newness of hope, expecting the coming of Christ, as the Lord teaches us when He says, "If ye had believed Moses, ye would have believed Me, for he wrote of Me; " and again, "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad; for before Abraham was, I am; " how shall we be able to live without Him? The prophets were His servants, and foresaw Him by the Spirit, and waited for Him as their Teacher, and expected Him as their Lord and Saviour, saying, "He will come and save us." Let us therefore NO longer keep the Sabbath after the Jewish manner, and rejoice in days of idleness; for "he that does not work, let him not eat." For say the [holy] oracles, "In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat thy bread." But let every one of you keep the Sabbath after a spiritual manner, rejoicing in meditation on the law, NOT in relaxation of the body, admiring the workmanship of God, and not eating things prepared the day before, nor using lukewarm drinks, and walking within a prescribed space, nor finding delight in dancing and plaudits which have no sense in them. And after the observance of the Sabbath, let every friend of Christ keep the Lord's Day as a festival, the resurrection-day, the queen and chief of all the days [of the week]. Looking forward to this, the prophet declared, "To the end, for the eighth day," on which our life both sprang up again, and the victory over death was obtained in Christ, whom the children of perdition, the enemies of the Saviour, deny, "whose god is their belly, who mind earthly things," who are "lovers of pleasure, and not lovers of God, having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof." These make merchandise of Christ, corrupting His word, and giving up Jesus to sale: they are corrupters of women, and covetous of other men's possessions, swallowing up wealth insatiably; from whom may ye be delivered by the mercy of God through our Lord Jesus Christ! (Epistle of Ignatius to the Magnesians, Chapter IX)

 

 

#28. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

 

"On the day of the preparation, then, at the third hour, He received the sentence from Pilate, the Father permitting that to happen; at the sixth hour He was crucified; at the ninth hour He gave up the ghost; and before sunset He was buried. During the Sabbath He continued under the earth in the tomb in which Joseph of Arimathaea had laid Him. At the dawning of the Lord's day He arose from the dead, according to what was spoken by Himself, "As Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of man also be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. "The day of the preparation, then, comprises the passion; the Sabbath embraces the burial; the Lord's Day contains the resurrection." (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians, chapter 9)

 

 

#29. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

 

If anyone fasts on the Lord's Day or on the Sabbath, except on the paschal Sabbath only, he is a murderer of Christ. (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Philippians, chapter 8)

 

 

#30. 250 AD IGNATIUS:

 

"This [custom], of not bending the knee upon Sunday, is a symbol of the resurrection, through which we have been set free, by the grace of Christ, from sins, and from death, which has been put to death under Him. Now this custom took its rise from apostolic times, as the blessed Irenaeus, the martyr and bishop of Lyons, declares in his treatise On Easter, in which he makes mention of Pentecost also; upon which [feast] we do not bend the knee, because it is of equal significance with the Lord's day, for the reason already alleged concerning it." (Ignatius, Fragments)

 

 

#31. 300 AD Victorinus:

 

"The sixth day [Friday] is called parasceve, that is to say, the preparation of the kingdom. . . . On this day also, on account of the passion of the Lord Jesus Christ, we make either a station to God or a fast. On the seventh day, he rested from all his works, and blessed it, and sanctified it. On the former day, we are accustomed to fast rigorously, that on the Lord's day we may go forth to our bread with giving of thanks. And let the parasceve become a rigorous fast, lest we should APPEAR to observe ANY Sabbath with the Jews . . . which Sabbath he [Christ] in his body ABOLISHED" (The Creation of the World).

 

 

#32. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:

 

"They did not, therefore, regard circumcision, NOR observe the Sabbath NEITHER do we; ... because such things as these do NOT belong to Christians" (Ecc. Hist., Book 1, Ch. 4)

 

 

#33. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:

 

[The Ebionites] were accustomed to observe the Sabbath and other Jewish customs but on the Lord's days to celebrate the same practices as we in remembrance of the resurrection of the Savior. (Church History Ill.xxvii.5)

 

 

I will also add that the Ebionites were Christians who were seduced by the Jews to keep the Jewish customs. In other words, the Ebionites were Judaized Christians. The Ebionites also taught the need to be circumcised in the flesh in order to be saved. Some today would not even consider Ebionites as being true Christians since they went back to trusting the Law of Moses to be saved.

 

 

#34. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:

 

"They [the pre- Mosaic saints of the Old Testament] did not care about circumcision of the body, neither do we [Christians]. They did not care about observing Sabbaths, nor do we. They did not avoid certain kinds of food, neither did they regard the other distinctions which Moses first delivered to their posterity to be observed as symbols; nor do Christians of the present day do such things" (Church History 1:4:8).

 

#35. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:

 

"The day of his [Christ's] light . . . was the day of his resurrection from the dead, which they say, as being the one and only truly holy day and the Lord's day, is better than any number of days as we ordinarily understand them, and better than the days set apart by the Mosaic Law for feasts, new moons, and Sabbaths, which the Apostle [Paul] teaches are the shadow of days and not days in reality" (Proof of the Gospel 4:16:186).

 

 

#36. 345 AD Athanasius:

 

"The Sabbath was the end of the first creation, the Lord's day was the beginning of the second, in which he renewed and restored the old in the same way as he prescribed that they should formerly observe the Sabbath as a memorial of the end of the first things, so we honor the Lord's day as being the memorial of the new creation" (On Sabbath and Circumcision 3).

 

 

#37. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:

 

Be not careless of yourselves, neither deprive your Saviour of His own members, neither divide His body nor disperse His members, neither prefer the occasions of this life to the word of God; but assemble yourselves together every day, morning and evening, singing psalms and praying in the Lord's house: in the morning saying the sixty-second Psalm, and in the evening the hundred and fortieth, but principally on the Sabbath-day. And on the day of our Lord's resurrection, which is the Lord's day, meet more diligently, sending praise to God that made the universe by Jesus, and sent Him to us, and condescended to let Him suffer, and raised Him from the dead. Otherwise what apology will he make to God who does not assemble on that day to hear the saving word concerning the resurrection, on which we pray thrice standing in memory of Him who arose in three days, in which is performed the reading of the prophets, the preaching of the Gospel, the oblation of the sacrifice, the gift of the holy food? (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 2)

 

 

#38. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:

 

"How We Ought to Assemble Together and to Celebrate the Festival Day of Our Saviour's Resurrection. On the day of the resurrection of the Lord, that is, the Lord's day, assemble yourselves together, without fail, giving thanks to God, and praising Him for those mercies God has bestowed upon you through Christ and has delivered you from ignorance, error, and bondage, that your sacrifice may be unspotted, and acceptable to God,..." (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 7)

 

 

#39. 350 AD Cyril of Jerusalem:

 

"Fall NOT AWAY either into the sect of the Samaritans or into Judaism, for Jesus Christ has henceforth ransomed you. Stand aloof from ALL observance of Sabbaths and from calling any indifferent meats common or unclean" (Catechetical Lectures 4:37).

 

 

#40. 360 AD Council of Laodicea:

 

"Christians should NOT Judaize and should NOT be idle on the Sabbath, but should work on that day; they should, however, particularly reverence the Lord's day and, if possible, not work on it, because they were Christians" (canon 29).

 

 

#41. 387 AD John Chrysostom:

 

"You have put on Christ, you have become a member of the Lord and been enrolled in the heavenly city, and you still grovel in the Law [of Moses]? How is it possible for you to obtain the kingdom? Listen to Paul's words, that the observance of the Law overthrows the gospel, and learn, if you will, how this comes to pass, and tremble, and shun this pitfall. Why do you keep the Sabbath and fast with the Jews?" (Homilies on Galatians 2:17).

 

#42. 412 AD Augustine:

 

"Well, now, I should like to be told what there is in these Ten Commandments, except the observance of the Sabbath, which ought NOT to be kept by a Christian . . . Which of these commandments would anyone say that the Christian ought not to keep? It is possible to contend that it is not the Law which was written on those two tables that the apostle [Paul] describes as 'the letter that kills' [2 Cor. 3:6], but the law of circumcision and the other sacred rites which are now abolished" (The Spirit and the Letter 24).

 

#43. 597 AD Gregory I:

 

"But after that, the grace of Almighty God, our Lord Jesus Christ, has appeared, the commandments of the Law which were spoken figuratively cannot be kept according to the letter. For if anyone says that this about the Sabbath is to be kept, he must need to say that carnal sacrifices are to be offered. He must say too that the commandment about the circumcision of the body is still to be retained. But let him hear the apostle Paul saying in opposition to him: 'If you be circumcised, Christ will profit you nothing' (Gal. 5:2)" (Letters 13:1).

 

 

Thanks for reading and may God bless you richly as you continue to read ALL the studies I gave links to at the beginning of this study concerning this subject on Sabbath TRUTH. I will post them again below. Also below are some quotes from early church writers that prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.

 

Your brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

Brother Mark.

        

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