IS PAUL A TRUE APOSTLE OF JESUS?

                                                          EDITED

IS PAUL

A TRUE APOSTLE?


Or more specifically “Is Paul a TRUE Apostle of Jesus Christ?” Now the purpose of this study in God's word is more than just merely answering the question of whether or not that Paul is a TRUE Apostle of Jesus Christ. This Bible study will indeed answer this question by first answering the question of “What IS an Apostle of Jesus Christ”.

What I mean by this is that that were MORE than just the TWELVE Apostles of Jesus Christ. So then, the question has arisen “Are these other apostles TRUE Apostles of Jesus Christ.” Or did they appoint themselves to be Apostles of Jesus Christ as well? In other words, if so be, that Paul appointed himself to be an apostle, then he would not be a true apostle of Jesus Christ, but rather Paul would be his OWN apostle of his OWN gospel having his OWN agenda, which would be another gospel and not the true gospel of Jesus Christ.

To say this another way, is it a SOUND Biblical teaching to teach that Paul is a FALSE Apostle of Jesus Christ and thus Paul is a FALSE teacher by saying that Paul is NOT a TRUE Apostle of Jesus Christ by claiming that Paul appointed himself to be an apostle of Jesus Christ? Is not the opposite of something that is TRUE being something that is FALSE? If one says, "that is NOT TRUE", then they are saying that it is FALSE.

So then, to say that Paul is NOT a TRUE Apostle of Jesus Christ is to say that Paul is a FALSE Apostle of Jesus Christ. And to say that Paul is a FALSE Apostle of Jesus Christ is to say that Paul is NOT an Apostle of Jesus Christ at ALL in ANY sense of the word and thus a false teacher.

The purpose of this study in God's word is not focused on whether of not Paul replaced Judas Iscariot to be the TWELFTH chosen apostle of Jesus Christ to have his name written with the TWELVE on the twelve foundations of the New Jerusalem and to sit with the TWELVE on the twelve thrones to judge the twelve tribes of Israel, but rather the main purpose of this study is to see if Paul is actually a true apostle of Jesus Christ in ANY sense of the meaning of the word apostle.

You see dear child of God, the Bible itself does indeed call OTHERS apostles, who are NOT one of the original TWELVE Apostles. In other words, if the Bible ITSELF calls Paul and others “apostles”, then that is what the Bible means. So then, does this mean that Paul's teachings are SOUND Biblical teachings? I mean is that not the VERY REASON of WHY some Christians question whether or not Paul is a true apostle of Jesus Christ in order to try and prove that Paul is a FALSE teacher?

Again the focus of this study is not to prove whether or not that Paul is a false teacher or a sound Biblical teacher of the true gospel of Jesus Christ. Rather the main purpose of this study is to teach you my readers and seekers of the TRUTH of the WHOLE word of God what the Bible ITSELF teaches us, and the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible clearly teaches us that Paul is indeed an apostle of Jesus Christ along with others, who are also called apostles like it or not it IS the word of TRUTH.

There are no GREATER and LESSOR Apostles of Jesus Christ in the eyes of Jesus, because he himself taught us to NOT lord over each other, as in, for one to EXALT him or herself ABOVE their brothers and sisters in the Lord as if they are superior to them, or that they better than other Christians. Jesus himself teaches us this truth in Luke 14:11, which says,


For whosoever exalts HIMSELF shall be abased; and he that humbles himself shall be exalted.”


Now the disciples of Jesus were LEARNING from Jesus the true character that God desires us to have. The word “disciple” means LEARNER, or one who is being TAUGHT. 

Jesus continued to teach his disciple THROUGH the Holy Spirit even after Jesus ascended into heaven. Brother Luke teaches us that Jesus had many disciples and that HE himself CHOSE twelve, who he ALSO called apostles.

Please read Luke 6:12-17.


And it came to pass in those days, that he (Jesus) went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.

13. And when it was day, he called unto him his DISCIPLES (or LEARNERS, or his close followers who were being TAUGHT by Jesus): and OF THEM he CHOSE TWELVE, whom ALSO he named apostles;

14. Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,

15. Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,

16. And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.

17. And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases;”


Now the TWELVE apostles of Jesus began to reason among themselves as to who was the GREATEST and here is what Jesus taught them and then THEY taught us as well by or through the teachings that they wrote down in the New Testament of the Bible. 

In other words, we would not know what Jesus taught his disciples and apostles without them RECORDING as a written record of what Jesus taught them, which are combined together in the one book called the NEW Testament that are the words of Jesus of the NEW covenant. Even what is written in the four gospel was not written by Jesus himself, but rather those words of Jesus were written by his disciples. And not ALL of what Jesus taught is found only in the four gospels. More on this in a moment, but first let us see if Jesus taught us that some are greater than others.

Please read Luke 22:23-26.


And they began to inquire among themselves, which of them it was that should do this thing.

24. And there was also a STRIFE among them, which of them should be accounted the GREATEST.

25. And he (Jesus) said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors.

26. But you shall NOT be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that does serve.”


So then, Jesus clearly taught his disciples, who then taught us, the church, through what they recorded as a written record of what Jesus, through the Holy Spirit, taught them, both while he was with them in person and AFTER he ascended into heaven, which was for us to NOT exercise lordship over one another. 

Therefore to ME, if so be, that Paul was exalting himself as those Christians that teach Jesus Words Only claim and therefore conclude that Paul is not a true disciple of Jesus, then the REST of the disciples including the ELEVEN of the original twelve Apostles failed miserably to obey the words of Jesus to warn Paul that he was not following the teachings of Jesus. And also, the disciples of Jesus failed to warn US as well that Paul was a false teacher, because there is absolutely NO written record of them saying that Paul was a false teacher or a false apostle.

Now I say, "and THEN THEY taught us", because Jesus taught the disciples MANY things that were NOT recorded or written down in the four gospels of Jesus Christ, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, but were written in the rest of the New Testament

So then, to make the claim that most of the New Testament is FALSE teaching by claiming that Paul, who is accredited for writing most of the New Testament is not a TRUE apostle, is very dangerous ground. The only Christians who seem to being claiming that Paul is a false teacher are Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians. And the only reason of why they need Paul to be a false teacher is because Paul's teachings contradict THEIR teachings, which they claim are Jesus Words ONLY. so

Let me say this again as a stronger warning. Any one claiming that Paul is a false apostle is being done for the sole reason so that doubt can be placed upon Paul as being a FALSE teacher. And to claim that Paul is a false teacher is extremely dangerous ground, because the Bible ITSELF clearly teaches us that what Paul was taught was NOT taught to him by man, but was taught to him by the Holy Spirit. We will cover this more in depth further on in this study of God's word, but first let me prove to you that Jesus was yet teaching his disciples and apostles THROUGH the Holy Spirit dwelling IN them AFTER Jesus ascended into heaven and thus the apostles and disciple of Jesus were YET still LEARNING many many years AFTER Jesus ascended into heaven.

Please read John 21:25.


And there are also MANY OTHER THINGS which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.”


This teaches us two things, which are that there are MANY things that Jesus did that are NOT recorded in the gospels themselves, but again this does NOT rule out that at least some of the OTHER THINGS Jesus did are indeed recorded in other books of the New Testament. And HOW do we know this to be TRUE? Because Jesus HIMSELF told us so!

Please read John 16:12-15 which teaches us that Jesus was still yet TEACHING his disciples MANY THINGS even AFTER he ascended into heaven, which they could NOT bear or understand while Jesus was with them before his ascension.

John 16:12-15.


I have YET MANY THINGS to say unto you, BUT you CANNOT bear them NOW .

13. Howbeit WHEN HE, the Spirit of truth, is come, HE will guide you into ALL TRUTH: for HE shall NOT speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will show you things to come.

14. He shall glorify ME: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you.

15. All things that the Father has are mine: therefore said I, that HE (the Holy Spirit) shall take of MINE, and shall SHOW IT (or the Holy Spirit shall show or TEACH you those MANY THINGS that I have YET to TEACH you that you CANNOT BEAR right NOW. The Holy Spirit will TEACH you those many things that I have YET still have to teach) unto you.”


Now some Christians argue that Jesus had plenty of TIME during the forty days after his resurrection to teach his apostles and disciple every thing they needed to know. But you see dear child of God it was NOT the matter of how much TIME, but rather that they could NOT BEAR or UNDERSTAND what Jesus yet desired to teach them, BECAUSE that did NOT yet have the Holy Spirit DWELLING IN them to lead and guide them into all truth.

In others words, the church was still YET LEARNING things THROUGH the teaching of the Holy Spirit giving them dreams and visions, which was prophesied in the book or Joel in the Old Testament, and giving them understanding. What I mean by this is that the Holy Spirit also gave them REVELATION knowledge of many things hidden in the scriptures by opening their eyes of understanding of the types and shadows pointing to Jesus. So then, at times the Holy Spirit taught them through dreams and visions and at other times they PERCEIVED what the Holy Spirit was teaching them. 

Like us when  alight comes on in our minds and we wonder who we did not see that truth before. and at other time there is a perceiving in us that something is just not quite right. We do not knew what it is just yet, We cannot quite place or finger on it, but we KNOW deep within us that the Holy Spirit is showing us something. We SEE something in God's word that cause us to QUESTION what we are being taught by our church denomination. There SEEMS to be a CONTRADICTION form what we have been taught and what we are NOW seeing by revelation from the Holy Spirit that we did not see before.

Please read Acts 2:14-18.


But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, You men of Judah, and all you that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:

15. For these are not drunken, as you suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.

16. But this IS THAT which was spoken by the prophet Joel;

17. And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men (Saul or Paul was a young man. See Acts 7:58) shall see VISIONS, and your old men shall dream dreams:

18. And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:”



Now when you take a concordance and look up the word “vision” you will find that the first place the word “vision occurs in the book of Acts, also called, the Acts of the Apostles, is found in Acts chapter 9 verses 10 through 20.

Acts 9:10-20.


And there was a certain DISCIPLE at Damascus, named Ananias; and to HIM said the Lord in a VISION, Ananias. And he said, Behold, I am here, Lord.

11. And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the street which is called Straight, and inquire in the house of Judas for one called Saul, of Tarsus: FOR (or BECAUSE), behold, he PRAYS,(now the word behold means look and SEE so Jesus may have opened the eyes of Ananias to see with his own eyes that Saul, of Tarsus was PRAYING)

12. AND has seen in a VISION a man named Ananias coming in, and putting his hand on him, that he might receive his sight. (so then, at the same time that Jesus is appearing to Ananias in a VISION to REVEAL something new to him that Ananias had not known before, the Lord Jesus was also REVEALING something to Saul of Tarsus so that he would know that his prayer was heard and that the Lord was going to send him a man named Ananias to lay hands on him that he might receive his sight back.)

13. Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he has done to your saints at Jerusalem:

14. And here he has authority from the chief priests to bind all that call on your name. (here we see that Ananias was doubting because of fear. Satan was lying to Ananias putting fear in him perhaps saying something like, “this vision is not of God, it is a trap, and if you go near Saul he will cast you in prison.”)

15. BUT the Lord (Jesus Christ HIMSELF) said unto him, Go you way: FOR (or BECAUSE) HE is a CHOSEN VESSEL unto ME, to bear MY NAME before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel:

16. For I (the Lord Jesus Christ) WILL SHOW him how great things he must suffer for MY NAME'S sake.

17. And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, EVEN JESUS, that appeared unto YOU in the way as you came, has sent me, that you might receive your sight, AND be FILLED with the Holy Ghost.

18. And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received sight forthwith, and arose, AND was baptized.

19. And when he had received meat, he was strengthened. Then was Saul certain days WITH the DISCIPLES which were at Damascus.

20. And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God.”


So then, here in Acts chapter 9 we have a record given to us by the disciple of Jesus named Luke, who is given the credit of writing the book of Acts and one of the four gospels of Jesus Christ named the gospel of Luke, teaching us in clear, simple, easy to understand words, that it was the Lord EVEN JESUS Christ himself, who appeared to Saul of Tarsus on to road to Damascus.

But yet some Christians, who teach Jesus Words Only, are making the CLAIM that this was NOT Jesus, who appeared to Saul, but rather it was Satan himself, who appeared to Saul of Tarsus, because the teachings of Saul now called Paul contradict the words of Jesus in the gospels, and therefore Paul could NOT be a TRUE Apostle of Jesus Christ. But in truth those, who claim that they believe and follow ONLY the words of Jesus are making a lie, because they are actually following the words of Moses under the OLD covenant written in the Old Testament.

In other words, ALL Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians, INCLUDING Sunday Sabbath keeping Christians, who teach that all Christians must without fail keep the DAY of the WEEK. So then, whether it be they teach that Christians must keep Saturday the SEVENTH DAY of the WEEK like the Jews under the OLD covenant lest they sin. Or whether they teach that Christians must the FIRST DAY of WEEK like the Roman Catholic church lest the commit a mortal sin, BOTH groups of Sabbath keeping Christians are trying to keep BOTH covenants of God at the SAME time. 

Now while many SEVENTH day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians hate Paul's teachings with a passion they dearly love the teachings of Peter, but yet some have failed to see that it was PETER himself, who taught us that the Jews, including HIMSELF, who were under the Old covenant could NOT bear or keep the OLD covenant.

Please read Acts 15:10

Now therefore (always find the reason of why the word therefore and wherefore are there FOR. Read the context to learn the reason Peter said) WHY tempt you God, to put a YOKE upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers NOR WE we were ABLE to BEAR? 



Now if you dear child of God are truly seeking the TRUTH of the WHOLE word of Almighty God the Father, then I implore you to read the WHOLE matter and not base your faith on verses taken OUT of CONTEXT that are then INTERPRETED apart from the REST of God's word making an ASSUMPTION that what Jesus taught in the four gospels was ALL that Jesus taught and then drawing a conclusion based on Paul's words not matching exactly with the words of Jesus in the four gospels.

You see dear child of God, what ALL Sabbath keeping Christians, who keep a DAY of the WEEK, have failed to see is that Jesus was YET TEACHING his disciples and apostle many years AFTER he ascended into heaven THROUGH the leading and teaching of the Holy Spirit dwelling IN them and NOW dwelling IN us. Yes Jesus is still yet teaching US the same way that he taught his apostles and disciple in the first century and through out the history of the church, which is TROUGH the leading and guiding of the Holy Spirit. Why do you think that the was the reformation of the church?

Yes there are those, who do indeed hear from the wrong spirit, the DECEIVER, and some of you sincerely believe that I am the one being deceived and thus it is ME, who is not hearing from the Holy Spirit.

You cannot know the truth by simply listening to only ONE side of this controversy of whether or not Paul is a false teacher, based on the argument that Paul is NOT a TRUE Apostle of Jesus.

Can you not see dear child of God, that this argument is based on proving that ONLY the original ELEVEN Apostles of Jesus are teaching the TRUTH and therefore ALL the OTHER apostles AND disciples of Jesus are liars or false teachers and therefore their teachings cannot be trusted. Even to claim that one apostle of Jesus is a FALSE teacher is to say the Luke is a LIAR as well, because it was Luke, who called Paul and OTHER disciples of Jesus “APOSTLES”.

So one cannot prove that Paul is a FALSE teaching by CLAIMING that he is NOT a TRUE Apostle of Jesus Christ. This would be like saying that ALL other DISCIPLES of Jesus are NOT TRUE disciples of Jesus just because they were NOT the original TWELVE disciples of Jesus. It would be like saying the YOU are not a true disciple of Jesus, because you personally did not hear the gospel preached to you by one of the TWELVE original apostle of Jesus in PERSON face to face having the gospel CONFIRM by God with many signs and wonders right before your very eyes. 

You believe and are saved BECAUSE you heard the TRUE gospel of Jesus Christ through the teachings of Paul. There is no instruction on HOW to be saved written in the four gospels. NO that teaching OF Jesus was taught to his apostles and disciples AFTER Jesus ascended into heaven THROUGH the Holy Spirit. 

It was Paul's teaching in Romans, who taught us that ALL have sinned and have fallen short of the glory of God.

It was Paul's teaching again in Roman that the word of faith is nigh in our mouth and that it is our CONFESSION of that faith brings salvation.

It was Paul's teaching that we are saved by GRACE and not by works.

There is a DIFFERENCE between being saved and receiving eternal life. We are saved WITHOUT works and we receive eternal life based UPON our WORKS. Please read the study "IS ONCE SAVED ALWAYS SAVED BIBLICAL?"

Now it is true that ONLY TWELVE Apostles of Jesus are given twelve seats to judge the twelve tribes of Israel and this we will cover further on in this study of God's word.

But for now please read where brother Luke clearly teaches us that Paul and others are indeed called “APOSTLES”.

Acts 14:1-28.


           And it came to pass in Iconium, that THEY went BOTH TOGETHER together into the synagogue of the Jews, and so spoke, that a great multitude BOTH of the Jews and ALSO of the Greeks BELIEVED. (Now we know that the THEY here is referring back to Paul and Barnabas in Acts 13:2-5 where we are clearly taught by brother Luke that the Holy Spirit HIMSELF called and SENT both Paul and Barnabas to preach the Gospel to the Gentiles, which is something NEW that Jesus did NOT teach any of his disciples nor his ELEVEN Apostles before his ascension into heaven, but IS teaching them NOW by the Holy Spirit, because NOW they are able to BEAR this teaching being FILLED with the Holy Spirit. “As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work where unto I have called them. Acts 13:3 And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent them away. Acts 13:4 So they (Paul and Barnabas), being sent forth BY the Holy Ghost, departed unto Seleucia; and from thence they sailed to Cyprus. Acts 13:5 And when they were at Salamis, they preached the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews: and they had ALSO John to their minister.” Also please notice that not only did the Holy Spirit HIMSELF call them but ALSO John one of the ELEVEN disciples of Jesus was WITH Paul and Barnabas as their minister. The Greek word translated here as their minister is Strong's # 5257 which means that the Apostle John was their subordinate. Now this does NOT mean that John was under the apostles Paul and Barnabas, but rather John was their subservient, who was there to ASSIST them. So then, seeing that the apostle John himself was right there WITH Paul and Barnabas ASSISTING them, then surely if Paul was a false teacher as some claim, then apostle John failed miserably by NOT correcting what Paul taught. Even if this was another John who was not of the eleven he was still yet a true born again disciple of Jesus that was with Paul an Barnabas. Brother Luke as well traveled with Paul as we will see shortly.)

2. But the unbelieving Jews stirred up the Gentiles (much like the Sabbath keeping Christians are stirring up the Gentile Christians in the church today and through out the history of the church), and made their minds evil affected against the brethren.

3. Long time therefore abode they speaking boldly in the Lord, which gave testimony unto the word of his grace, and granted signs and wonders to be done by their hands.

4. But the multitude of the city was divided: and part held with the Jews, and part with the APOSTLES. (here we see that both Jews and Gentiles believed the Gospel of GRACE, but then the UNBELIEVING Jews stirred up the believing Jews and Gentiles so that it was needful for Paul and Barnabas to boldly speak the word of GRACE in the Lord for a long time. Then we see how the Lord HIMSELF gave testimony to the preaching of Paul and Barnabas by granting SIGNS and WONDERS that ONLY men OF God could do. And we ALSO see that Luke himself called Paul and Barnabas APOSTLES here in verse 4.)

5. And when there was an assault made both of the Gentiles, and also of the Jews with their rulers, to use them despitefully, and to stone them,

6. They were ware of it, and fled unto Lystra and Derbe, cities of Lycaonia, and unto the region that lies round about:

7. And there they preached the GOSPEL. (Luke does NOT call Paul a false teacher, but rather affirms to us that Paul is a teacher of the GOSPEL, the Gospel or the good news of GRACE, which ALL the disciples and apostles of Jesus taught in order to be saved by GRACE. See Acts 15:11I mean think this through for YOURSELF dear child of God, if so be that the church, as in, ALL the disciples and apostles of Jesus including Paul taught what the JEWS taught, then their would be NO controversy between what the church taught and what the Jews taught. The TRUTH of the matter is that Jesus himself came to establish a NEW COVENANT in his shed blood. Please read the study SABBATH KEEPERS ARE RIGHT! for a deeper understanding of the WHOLE word of God INCLUDING both the OLD Testament AND the NEW Testament on the subject of the Sabbaths.)

8. And there sat a certain man at Lystra, impotent in his feet, being a cripple from his mother's womb, who never had walked:

9. The same heard Paul speak (or this lame man heard the preaching of the Gospel being preached by the apostle Paul): who steadfastly beholding him, and perceiving that he had faith to be healed,

10. Said with a loud voice, Stand upright on your feet. And he leaped and walked. (Paul had true FAITH in gospel of Jesus Christ. Paul did not whisper in the man's ear just in case or what IF God did not heal the man. But rather Paul said in a LOUD voice for the man to be healed. Paul was not drawing attention to himself, but to Yahweh and to his Son Jesus.)

11. And when the people saw what Paul had done, they lifted up their voices, saying in the speech of Lycaonia, The gods are come down to us in the likeness of men.

12. And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he was the chief speaker.

13. Then the priest of Jupiter, which was before their city, brought oxen and garlands unto the gates, and would have done sacrifice with the people.

14. Which when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they rent their clothes, and ran in among the people, crying out,

15. And saying, Sirs, WHY do you these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that you should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein: (God did not heal this man so you would follow us. This man was healed by God so you would turn away from your false gods and follow the TRUE God by obeying the teachings of his Son Jesus. We preach this gospel of good new for you be saved by turning to the living God)

16. Who in times past suffered all nations to walk in their own ways.

17. Nevertheless he left not himself without witness, in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness.

18. And with these sayings scarce restrained they the people, that they had not done sacrifice unto them. (so the Gentiles wanted to exalt both Paul and Barnabas to be the gods Jupiter, their main God and Mercury who was their messenger god, but the apostle said NO do not do this for we are men like you preaching the Gospel or GOOD NEWS of how much the TRUE God loves you and wants to save you. Paul never boasted of himself. Some INTERPRET some verse that way, but if Paul was boasting in those verses as some CLAIM we see here that Paul is doing everything he can so they do not start offering sacrifices to Paul and Barnabas.)

19. And there came thither certain Jews from Antioch and Iconium, who persuaded the people, and, having stoned Paul, drew him out of the city, supposing he had been dead. (Here come the JEWS again. So again we see the JEWS stirred up the people against the apostles of Jesus.)

20. Howbeit (or even though the JEWS left Paul for DEAD) as the disciples stood round about him, he rose up, and came into the city: and the next day he departed with Barnabas to Derbe. (In other words, the disciples all gather around Paul, probably praying, but as they surrounded Paul he stood up and the NEXT day he traveled with Barnabas to Derbe after being left for DEAD the day before. Some say it was 30 miles from Lystra to Derbe, which is a long walk on foot for a man left fro dead the day before. Or maybe Paul drove himself in a Honda Accord. You know, the apostles were all in ONE Accord. Just a little humor, a play on words. What I am teaching you here is the God was WITH Paul confirming his word being preached, so how anyone could accuse Paul of being a false teacher, I myself personally can not see. But then again I was NOT taught only ONE SIDE. Yes I have read the arguments to try and prove that Paul is a false teacher and I cover those arguments in another study called. "DO THE TEACHINGS OF PAUL CONTRADICT JESUS?", but for now in this study I am showing you the evidence from the Bible ITSELF that Paul and others were indeed called apostles.)

21. And when they had preached the gospel to that city, and had taught many, they returned again to Lystra, and to Iconium, and Antioch,

22. Confirming the souls of the disciples, and exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God.

23. And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.

24. And after they had passed throughout Pisidia, they came to Pamphylia.

25. And when they had preached the word in Perga, they went down into Attalia: (Now if so be that brother Luke saw Paul as a false teacher as the Jesus Words Only and other Sabbath keeping Christians CLAIM, then Luke failed miserably to warn us that Paul was a false teacher, because Luke HIMSELF clearly teaches us that Paul was teaching the GOSPEL, the WORDS of grace, upon which many believed and many were healed and that God himself gave TESTIMONY to the preaching and teaching of the apostles Paul and Barnabas by granting MANY SIGNS and WONDERS to be done by their hands.)

26. And thence sailed to Antioch, from whence they had been recommended to the grace of God for the work which they fulfilled. (in other words, it was IN Antioch that the apostles Paul and Barnabas were ENTRUSTED to the grace of God for or into the WORK that God called them to do and which they fulfilled not only in Antioch by everywhere that the Holy Spirit sent them.)

27. And when they were come, and had gathered the CHURCH together, they rehearsed all that God had done with them, and how he (Almighty God himself) had opened the door of faith unto the Gentiles. (so it was confirmed in them by God their calling to preach the GOSPEL of GRACE the GENTILES in Antioch.)

28. And there they abode long time with the disciples.”


So then, brother Luke affirms to us that BOTH Paul AND Barnabas are without fail APOSTLES of Jesus Christ in Acts 14:4 and in Acts 14:14.

But some Jesus Word Only Christians as well as some other Sabbath keeping Christians CLAIM that the Greek word translated as apostle in these two verses means minister and should not have been translated as apostle. In other words, they demand that the translator made a mistake by translating this Greek word as apostle and dogmatically demand that it should have been translated as minister. 

They thus conclude that Paul and Barnabas were only ministers and not true apostles of Jesus Christ. And therefore conclude that since Paul is NOT a TRUE apostle of Jesus Christ and only a minister then Paul is subject to being wrong like every minister of Jesus Christ CAN be in error. This opens the door for them to now dogmatically demand that Paul is a FALSE teacher based on their saying that they have proved Paul to be a false apostle and not a TRUE apostle like the TWELVE. 

Clearly their reasoning is NOT sound reasoning, because one of the original twelve apostles betrayed Jesus. Keep in mind that ONLY seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians make the CLAIM that the Bible translators made a error by supposedly incorrectly translating the Greek word apostoloi as APOSTLE when they should have translated it as minister.

However, if you look these words up in a concordance for yourself, then you will find that the Greek word translated as apostle in Acts 14:4 is apostolois, with Strong's # 652 and you will find that the Greek word translated in Acts 14:14 as apostles is apostoloi, with the SAME Strong's #652. Now they argue that these are NOT the SAME Greek words, because they are not spelled EXACTLY the same ways.

Now this would be like arguing that words apostle, apostles, apostle's and apostles' are NOT the SAME word, because they are not spelled exactly the same way. The FACT is that they are the same word having the same meaning as being one who is SENT, but having different applications where one is singular, one is plural, one is singular possessive and one is plural possessive. The FACT is that they ALL have the exact same Strong's #652 giving the SAME meaning for this ONE Greek with different endings and this fact clearly teaches us that the translators correctly translated ALL the Greek words having Strong's #652 as apostle and apostles.

In other words, apostolois having Strong's #652 in Acts 14:4 translated as apostles referring to Paul and Barnabas is the SAME Greek word apostoloi having exact SAME Strong's #652 in Acts 14:14 also translated as apostles again referring to Paul and Barnabas, which is the  SAME Greek word apostolon having the exact SAME Strong's #652 translated as Apostle in Hebrews 3:1 referring to Jesus himself, which is the SAME Greek word apostolous having the exact SAME Strong's #652 translated as apostles referring to the TWELVE apostles of Jesus in Luke 6:13, which is the SAME Greek word apostolOn having exact SAME Strong's #652 translated as apostles again referring to the TWELVE apostles of Jesus in Matthew 10:2.

Some Sabbath keeps may still yet argue that these SAME Greek words are NOT the same Greek words, because that are not spelled exactly the same way. So for those Sabbath keeping Christians desperate to make any claim they can in order to make the apostle Paul SEEM to NOT be a TRUE apostle of Jesus Christ please consider the EXACT SAME SPELLING apostoloi having the exact SAME Strong's #652 referring to both Paul and Barnabas as being apostles in Acts 14:14 to Mark 6:30 using this SAME Greek word apostoloi having the exact SAME Strong's #652 translated as apostles referring to the TWELVE apostles of Jesus Christ.

So then, dear child of God the CLAIM made by some Sabbath keeping Christians that Paul is NOT a TRUE apostle of Jesus Christ by dogmatically demanding that the TRANSLATORS translated the Greek word apostoloi having Strong's #652 in Acts 13:14 incorrectly as apostles when it referred to Paul and Barnabas as apostles of Jesus Christ are simply making a LIE, because the EXACT SAME Greek word apostoloi having Strong's #652 being spelled the exact same way is translated as apostles in Mark 6:30 referring to the TWELVE apostles of Jesus.

The translators have it correctly translated in both Mark 6:30 and in Acts 14:14 as being apostles of Jesus Christ, but Sabbath keepers MUST deny this TRUTH, because it proves that their teaching of the Sabbath is in ERROR. See also Luke 9:10 using the Greek word apostoloi the same as Acts 14:14. And Luke 17:5 again using the same Greek word apostoloi the same as Acts 14:4. Also see Luke 22:14 using the same Greek word apostoloi found in Acts 14:14 translated as apostles referring to both Paul and Barnabas as being apostles of Jesus Christ. Acts 4:33 apostoloi, Acts 5:29 apostoloi, Acts 8:14 apostoloi, Acts 11:1 apostoloi, Acts 15:6 apostoloi, Acts 15:23 apostoloi, 1 Corinthians 9:5 apostoloi, 1 Corinthians 12:29 apostoloi, 1 Thessalonians 2:6 apostoloi, Revelation 18:20 apostoloi.


Now let us read 1 Corinthians 12:25-31 where Paul teaches that Almighty God himself set some in the church to be apostles translated from the Greek word apostolOn, then Paul asks the question in the same passage of scripture in the very next verse saying, SOME are set by God in the church as apostolOn, but are ALL apostles or are ALL apostoloi?

Regardless of how one interprets this verse that FACT remains that two different SPELLINGS of Strong's #652 are both translated as APOSTLES. In other words, Paul is not saying, God set in the church some as apostles, are ALL ministers? That make no sense because both spellings of this SAME Greek word mean APOSTLE and APOSTLES meaning one who is SENT.

Let us all speak the same things dear child of Gd so that there should be no schism or division or factions in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another. 


        1 Corinthians 12:25-31. 

         That there should be no schism (or division or factions) in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another.
           26. And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honored, all the members rejoice with it. 
           27.  Now you are the body of Christ, and members in particular.
           28 And God has set SOME in the church, first apostles (apostolOn), secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healing, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.
           29.  Are ALL apostles (apostoloi)? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles?
           30.  Have all the gifts of healing? do all speak with tongues? do all interpret?
           31.  But covet earnestly the best gifts: and yet shew I unto you a more excellent way.


The CONTEXT here 1 Corinthians 12:28,29 teaches us that ALL apostoloi are also apostolOn, but not ALL believers are apostles or not ALL believers are apostoloi. In other words, as we have already seen by comparing Mark 6:30 and Acts 14:14 that just because the Greek word for apostle is not spelled exactly the same every time it is used does not mean that apostoloi when referring to Paul and Barnabas are NOT true apostles. So now we have two witnesses and here is a third witnesses.

In 1 Corinthians 9:1-6 Paul is still battling with DIVISION where some Christians want to follow Paul and Barnabas ONLY while others want to follow Cephas or Peter only. Some were saying I am of Paul. Others were saying I am of Cephas or Peter. And others were saying I am of Apollos. And Paul said brothers this ought not be so. Is Christ divided? Paul hates division and wants us all to speak the same things. Paul did not care WHO brought who to Jesus Christ. Let is read these verses and you will see that the OTHER apostles referring to the eleven are being called apostoloi

 


           1 Corinthians 9:1-6.
 
           Am I not an apostle? am I not free? have I not seen Jesus Christ our Lord? are not ye my work in the Lord?
           2. If I be not an apostle unto others, yet doubtless I am (an apostle) to you: for the seal of mine apostleship are you in the Lord. (Paul is saying here that those Christians he is speaking to here specifically are Christians, because they heard the gospel from him and became believers on Jesus Christ, because of what Paul preached to them. So it was NOT Paul's disciples whom he beget by the gospel who were examining the apostleship of Paul. Remember that the word disciple mean learner or one who is being taught. People follow who they TRUST are teaching them the TRUTH. And SOME Jewish believers did not trust Paul the same way that SOME of the seventh day of the week Sabbath keepers do not trust the teachings of Paul.) 
           3.  Mine answer to them that do examine me is this, (now it was NOT his own disciples that he led to the Lord that we examining him)
           4.  Have WE (myself Paul and Barnabas called and separated by the Holy Spirit to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles. Have WE) not power to eat and to drink? (Paul is EITHER being question by JEWISH Christians for his liberty to eat meat sacrificed to idols, OR he is being questioned about receiving rations or a living from his disciples, as if, he has NO right to do so, but the OTHER apostle DO have that right.)
           5.  Have WE (Paul and Barnabas) not power to lead about a sister, a wife, AS WELL AS the OTHER apostles (or as well as the OTHER apostoloi), and as the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas (or Peter)?
           6.  OR (is it) I ONLY and Barnabas (Paul is EITHER saying here that ALL the apostles share in the work of the gospel. Paul hates DIVISION and he wants us ALL to speak the SAME things. Paul is saying to them who are following HIM and Barnabas that the OTHER apostles have the power to lead them AS WELL and calls them BROTHERS and even names on as being Peter. But for those among them that do not fully trust Paul he adds again), have not we power to forbear working?

I say either Paul is saying, because the OLD English of the word "forbear" mean to bear or endure patiently. BUT if so be that Paul is speaking on living by the gospel ONLY, as in, He and Barnabas ALSO have the SAME right as the REST of the apostles to live by the gospel. It depends on the context of above or below as how one interprets verse 6. To me it can go either way. I have no preference.
Paul made every effort to NOT build on ANOTHER man's foundation or another apostle's WORK. This means that Paul did not go around stealing Christians from other churches to build his own church following. Paul also was a tent maker and he tried never to be a burden on any of the churches he founded. Paul did NOT care WHO brought who to Jesus. Paul never sought the glory of MEN. Paul was indeed a TRUE apostle of Jesus Christ, but this does not prove that Paul was chosen by Jesus to replace Judas to be numbered with the ELEVEN to become the TWELFTH apostle.


Now let us read 1 Corinthians 15:1-11 where we see that they are MORE that just the twelve apostles, who are ALSO the apostles of Jesus Christ as well.


Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also you have received, and wherein you stand;

2. By which also you are saved, if you keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless you have believed in vain.

3. For I delivered unto you first of all that which I ALSO RECEIVED, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;

4. And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:

5. And that he was SEEN of Cephas, THEN of the twelve: (This does not mean that the risen Jesus was seen of Cephas or Peter and THEN after he was seen of Peter he was seen of the TWELVE, because that would make THIRTEEN apostles. Paul is teaching us here an order of events and that not all twelve apostle of Jesus saw him at the same time. The list is not complete nor in exact order, but that is NOT the point Paul is making here. Paul is simply stating WHO saw the risen Jesus.)

6. After that, he was SEEN of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.

7. After that, he was SEEN of James; then of all the apostles.(or of ALL the apostolois.)

8. And last of all he was SEEN of ME ALSO, as of one born out of due time. (Paul is including himself in the phrase ALL of the apostles, and seems to be implying that he was chosen by Jesus as his apostle to the Gentiles)

9. For I am the LEAST of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. (here we see Paul teaching us that he is NOT worthy to have been CHOSEN by Jesus to be HIS apostle, because he persecuted the church)

10. BUT by the grace of God I am what I am: (or this, my calling to be an apostle to the Gentile, is BY the GRACE of God, this is what HE called me to be so I am what I am by HIS doing and NOT my OWN doing) and HIS GRACE, which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I labored more abundantly than they all: yet NOT I, but the GRACE OF God which was WITH me. (labored more that all the other eleven apostles and the disciples before me)

11. Therefore whether it were I OR THEY, so WE preach, and so you believed.”


Paul is saying here that is does not matter WHO preaches the gospel to you, it only matters that YOU BELIEVE.

 So then, we have see that Luke clearly believed Paul's teaching and that Paul was indeed an APOSTLE of Jesus Christ along with Barnabas and others as well.

Let us see what the Bible ITSELF teaches, by us all AGREEING for the moment that NOT ALL of what Paul taught could possibly be FALSE teaching as some CLAIM, because many became believers by hearing the GOSPEL being preached by Paul. We will come back to this further on in this study to see if ANY of what Paul taught is false teaching. But for now let us agree that Paul was indeed an “apostle” as well as OTHERS. And for now I am NOT asking you to agree that Paul is one of the TWELVE apostles. All I am asking of you right now is to please consider the following.

In Galatians 1:19 we read that James, who is the brother of Jesus or half brother of Jesus is called an apostle.

Galatians 1:19.


But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.”


Now there were TWO of the original twelve apostles, who were named James, but neither of those two named James of the twelve are NOT the same James in Galatians 1:19 called the Lord's brother, who is the Lord's half brother. Please read Matthew 10:2-5.


Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee,(Jesus was the son of Joseph and Mary, but Joseph was not his biological father. Joseph and Mary had other children and one of Jesus' half brothers was named James, who was ALSO called an APOSTLE in Galatians 1:19, but he was NOT one of the original 12 apostles chosen by Jesus as was James the son of Zebedee) and John his brother; (the brother of James the son of Zebedee and not the brother of Jesus)

3. Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, (This James was NOT the Lord's brother either so clearly the James in Galatians 1:19 is ANOTHER apostle, but clearly was not one of the TWELVE apostles, who were chosen by Jesus) and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;

4. Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

5. These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go NOT into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter you not:”


Jesus never taught his disciples to go and preach to the GENTILES before his ascension, so this was one of the MANY THINGS that Jesus was YET to teach his disciples AFTER his ascension through the Holy Spirit, because they were NOT ABLE to BEAR such a teaching BEFORE they were filled with the Holy Spirit. 

In Acts 10:25-28 we see that the OLD covenant did not allow the Jews to keep company with the Gentiles, but God CHANGED this part of the OLD covenant by doing NEW THINGS that God had not done before. And one of those NEW things was God cleansing the Gentiles. God could NOT change the WORDS of the OLD covenant, so God made a NEW COVENANT so he could do NEWS things that he had never done before. God will NEVER break his word and this is one of the reasons why God made a NEW covenant.


Acts 10:25-28.


And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshiped him.

26. But Peter took him up, saying, Stand up; I myself also am a man.

27. And as he talked with him, he went in, and found many that were come together.

28. And he said unto them, You know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company, or come unto one of another nation; BUT God has showed me that I should not call any man common or unclean.”



God REVEALED this NEW truth to Peter in a VISION in Acts 10, which we will cover later on. I also have a study specifically devoted to "ACTS 10 PETER'S VISION OF CLEANSED MEATS?" showing that Peter believed that God cleanse ALL manner of meats the SAME as God showed Paul though REVELATION for the Holy Spirit. 

Also please read the study "MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE DIETARY LAWS?" for an in depth study which clearly teaches us that God has cleansed ALL manners of meat, and we as Christians under the NEW covenant are free to eat any and all kinds of food EVEN meat that has been offered to idols as if by chance that would ever happen. Now Paul does not mean that we are free to OFFER meat to idols and then eat that meat, which no Christians would do anyway. More on this further on in this study or you can read the two studies above. 

All that Jesus has Yahweh gave to him and this is why Jesus said, what is HIS, the Holy Spirit will teach to his disciples. In other words, the Holy Spirit will NOT teach us anything that Jesus would not teach us, and Jesus will not teach us anything that Yahweh himself would not teach us. 

Again please read John 16:12-15.


I have YET MANY THINGS to say unto you, BUT you CANNOT BEAR them NOW.

13. Howbeit WHEN HE, the Spirit of truth, is come, HE will guide you into ALL TRUTH: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.

14. He shall glorify ME: for HE RECEIVES of MINE, and shall SHOW it unto you. (or HE the Holy Spirit which shall come to dwell IN you shall teach you those MANY THINGS that you CANNOT bear NOW, but WHEN HE, the Holy Spirit come to dwell IN you,HE will teach you that it is MY teaching that he reveals to you.)

15. All things that the Father has are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of MINE, and shall show it unto you.”


So you see dear child of God Jesus was still YET TEACHING his disciples NEW THINGS AFTER his ascension that they were NOT able to bear UNTIL they were endued with power from on high and then the Holy Spirit himself taught them the words of Jesus that they wrote down in the NEW Testament to teach to US as the Holy Spirit leads and guides US into all truth. This is why Jesus said it was expedient that he went to the Father, because if he did not go, then they nor us could not receive that Holy Spirit. Jesus needed to die on the cross to CLEANSE our vessels so that they Holy Spirit could DWELL IN us as he dwelt IN Jesus.

Now some argue that God changes NOT, but they take verses OUT of CONTEXT to teach this. 

Please read the CONTEXT of Malachi 3:6 and you will see that what God has promised he will do and God promised he would not utterly destroy his people Israel, but he would show mercy lest all remnant of Israel perish.

Malachi 3:1-6.


        "Behold, I will send my messenger (Jesus), and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom you seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom you delight in (looking forward to his coming): behold, he shall come, says the LORD of hosts. 
(Israel was LOOKING for the Messiah the messenger of the COVENANT, but they MISSED seeing that Jesus was that messenger of the NEW covenant prophesied in Jeremiah 31:31. But God knew this already, because he prophesied it to be this way.)
          2.  But who may abide the day of his coming? (speaking of the second coming of Jesus) and who shall stand when he appears? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap:
           3.  And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
           4.  Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the LORD, as in the days of old, and as in former years.
           5.  And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger from his right, and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
           6.  For I am the LORD, I change not; therefore (Therefore for this very reason that I change NOT you sons of Jacob shall NOT be CONSUMED in my WRATH even though you deserve to perish I will show my mercy as I have promised. The context here has NOTHING whatsoever to do with the weekly Sabbath being a perpetual seventh day of the week forever eternal command to ALL of mankind that must be kept for all eternity).
           7.  Even from the days of your fathers you are gone away from mine ordinances, and have not kept them. Return unto me, and I will return unto you, saith the LORD of hosts. But you said, Wherein shall we return?"


Here Israel ask God WHEREIN shall we return, And the rest of the CONTEXT is about tithing and again has nothing to do with God NOT CHANGING the Sabbath, because he changes NOT. 

The truth of the matter is that Almighty God Yahweh himself PROPHESIED that he would do NEW THINGS and new things mean things that he has never done before in the past. And one of those NEW things is a NEW covenant establish in the shed blood of Jesus. Another NEW thing was to extend this NEW covenant to Israel FIRST and then turn to a people who were NOT his people. A NEW thing is a CHANGE, something different that God is doing.

But again God NEVER CHANGED HIS Sabbath. The problem is that the seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians do NOT KNOW what HIS Sabbath IS

You see dear child of God I myself AM a Sabbath KEEPING Christian, But I am NOT a SEVENTH DAY of the WEEK Sabbath keeper. NOR am I a FIRST DAY of the WEEK Sabbath keeper.

I am a TRUE Sabbath keeper according to the WORD of Almighty God. What NEITHER the seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians NOR the first day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians UNDERSTAND is that no where in the NEW COVENANT are we, as Christians, ever taught or commanded to KEEP a DAY of the WEEK!

God gave the WEEKLY Sabbath to the CHILDREN of Israel for THEM to keep throughout THEIR generations as a SIGN pointing to Jesus as their TRUE Sabbath of CEASING from their own works of the law to make ourselves righteous. Jesus is the SIGN of the NEW COVENANT. Please read the studies "THE SABBATH REST IS A SIGN!", and "IS JESUS OUR SABBATH REST!".

God hated and still hates BOASTING so he concluded ALL under sin, so that he could show his MERCY and GRACE and that we would be HIS workmanship to become NEW creatures created to do good works through the power of HIS eternal Holy Spirit DWELLING IN us who BELIEVE on Jesus as OUR Sabbath REST to CEASE from our OWN works of righteousness.

Romans 11:32  

"For God has concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all." 

Galatians 3:22  

"But the scripture has concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe." 


Now please read Isaiah 42:1-10, which is a PROPHECY of Jesus as the Messiah of the NEW COVENANT established in his shed blood. The words and teachings of the NEW covenant are in the NEW Testament, and the words and teachings of the OLD covenant are in the OLD Testament.

Isaiah 42:1-10.


Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delights; I have put my spirit upon him (or I Yahweh have ANOINTED my servant, mine elect, my Son Jesus): HE shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.

2. He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in the street.

3. A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.

4. He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for HIS LAW.

5. Thus says God the LORD, he (Yahweh himself ALONE and by himself) that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which comes out of it; he that gives breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:

6. I the LORD (Yahweh your God and Father) have called YOU (my servant, mine elect, my Son Jesus) in righteousness, and will hold YOUR hand, and will keep YOU, and (I Yahweh your God and Father will) give YOU for a COVENANT of the people, for a light of the Gentiles; (Jesus quoted these verses at the very beginning of his ministry right after God ANOINTED Jesus in Luke 4:14-21. Jesus also taught his disciple to NOT go to the GENTILES in Matthew 10:5 BEFORE his ascension in to heaven. The disciples and apostles of Jesus obeyed the words of Jesus and preached ONLY to the JEWS FIRST, UNTIL the time that Jesus himself APPEARED to Saul of Tarsus and called Paul as HIS CHOSEN VESSEL to preach the gospel to the GENTILES in Acts chapter 9 and began TEACHING them NEW THINGS by REVELATION from the Holy Spirit just like Jesus said he would do in John 16:12. And then right after this Jesus REVEALED this NEW thing of God cleansing the Gentiles to Saul or Paul Jesus revealed this SAME NEW thing to Peter in a VISION in Acts 10 to CONFIRM to Peter and the eleven that God was now turning to the GENTILES with the Gospel and blindness in part would come on Israel because of the overall rejection to his so great a salvation. And Isaiah is prophesying these NEW THINGS under God's NEW covenant before they came to pass.)

7. To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.

8. I am the LORD (or I am YAHWEH): that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images. (this is saying that Yahweh the Father will not share his glory with anyone OTHER than his Son Jesus, which is to be highly exalted to sit at Yahweh's right right being given the highest name above all names to be made the King of kings and the Lord of lords having no one over him EXCEPT for Yahweh himself.)

9.  Behold, the FORMER THINGS are come to PASS, and NEW THINGS do I declare: before they spring forth I tell you of them.

10. Sing unto the LORD a NEW song (Israel under the OLD covenant sings the OLD song of Moses, the horse and rider was cast into the sea, but at the end of the 1000 year reign of Jesus they will sing a NEW song, the song of the Lamb. BUT we, who believe and keep the NEW covenant will sing the NEW song of the LAMB at the BEGINNING of the 1000 year reign of Jesus. The first shall be last and the last shall be first. We as Christians are a NEW creation of God and the FORMER things have past.), and his praise from the end of the earth, you that go down to the sea, and all that is therein; the isles, and the inhabitants thereof.”


And this NEW teaching of Jesus to his apostles and disciples of these NEW THINGS did not BEGIN, until Jesus HIMSELF appeared to Saul of Tarsus and CHOSE Saul now called Paul as his CHOSEN VESSEL to the GENTILES saying I will SHOW you what you must do.

Please read Acts 9:1-18.


And Saul, yet breathing out threatening and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest,

2. And desired of him letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any of this way, (believers in Jesus were called the WAY and were not called Christians until later, when they were first called Christians at Antioch in Acts 11:26. The main point here is that Saul had letter in hand to bind any one he found preaching Jesus in Damascus) whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem.

3. And AS he journeyed, he came near Damascus: and suddenly there shined round about him a light from heaven:

4. And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecute you ME? (Jesus said what ever you do to the least of these little one you do to ME)

5. And he said, Who are you, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom you persecute: it is hard for you to kick against the pricks. (To me it is obvious that the Holy Spirit was ALREADY convict Saul or Paul of his SIN of persecuting Christians. Basically Jesus was saying Paul you cannot fight against the Holy Spirit, which is convicting you. You know that it is I Jesus who is drawing you to me. Please remember that it was brother Luke, who wrote down these words as a RECORD of what took place in the early church. So if you deny that this was truly Jesus himself, who appeared to Paul in a VISION, then you are calling brother Luke a LIAR and a false teacher as well and thus must be consistent in your INTERPRETATIONS and reject not only the teachings of Paul, but you must also reject the teachings of brother Luke, who also wrote as a RECORD the GOSPEL of LUKE, which is in agreement almost word for word with the Gospels of Matthew and Mark. So if Luke is a false teacher saying the sames things as Matthew and Mark, then how can you trust the word so Jesus is Matthew, Mark, or Luke. Why not just throw out the WHOLE NEW Testament like the JEWS and the MUSLIMS and DENY that Jesus is the MESSIAH, the Son of the living God and follow ONLY the Torah and the OLD covenant? Either you believe these words of Luke or you do not believe any of the NEW Testament. Either this was indeed the TRUE Jesus, who appeared to Paul or it was ANOTHER Jesus that some Jesus Words Only Sabbath keeping Christians call SATAN masquerading as Jesus. It is YOUR choice and I pray you make the RIGHT choice dead child of God! The fact is that YOU must work out your own salvation with FEAR and TREMBLING!)

6. And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what will YOU have me to do? And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the city, and it SHALL BE be told you what you must do. (here we learn that Jesus SHALL teach Paul what he must do. One passage of scripture does NOT teach us everything. Other verses teach us that Paul had many other visions and revelations from the Holy Spirit, which is HOW Jesus said he would teach his disciples yet MANY THINGS that they could NOT bear UNTIL the Holy Spirit came to dwell IN them. The church was still yet LEARNING NEW THINGS which Yahweh prophesied in the Old Testament that he would do. And it took some time for these NEW THINGS to be accepted by the APOSTLES of Jesus including Peter.)

7. And the men which journeyed with him stood speechless, hearing a voice, but seeing no man.

8. And Saul arose from the earth; and when his eyes were opened, he saw no man: but they led him by the hand, and brought him into Damascus.

9. And he was three days without sight, and neither did eat nor drink. (Saul or Paul was a JEW. He knew to pray and fast and how to seek what Yahweh wants him to do)

10. And there was a certain DISCIPLE (one who is a LEARNER of the teachings of Jesus including the NEW THINGS Jesus is about to teach his disciple) at Damascus, named Ananias; and to him said the Lord in a VISION, Ananias. And he said, Behold, I am here, Lord.

11. And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the street which is called Straight, and inquire in the house of Judas for one called Saul, of Tarsus: FOR, behold (or BECAUSE look and see that), he prays, (now Jesus may have opened the eyes of Ananias to actually see in a vision that Saul was praying and fasting to understand what the Lord want him to do or Jesus may have just told Ananias that Saul was praying.)

12. AND HE seen in a VISION a man named Ananias coming in, and putting his hand on him, that he might receive his sight. (Here we see that BOTH Ananias and Saul are being given VISIONS from Jesus to LEARN what they are to DO. They are being TAUGHT by the Holy Spirit by REVELATION through VISIONS just like Peter said in Acts 2:1-18, when they received the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost as a fulfillment of the prophecy of Joel.)

13. Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he has done to your saints at Jerusalem:

14. And here he has authority from the chief priests to bind all that call on you name.

15. But the Lord said unto him (basically Jesus is saying do not fear Ananias, but), Go you way: FOR (or BECAUSE) HE is a CHOSEN VESSEL unto ME, (I MYSELF have PERSONALLY CHOSEN Saul) to bear MY NAME before the GENTILES, and kings, and the children of Israel:

16. For I WILL SHOW him how great things he must suffer for MY name's sake. (Remember that it is brother Luke, who is revealing or teaching these words of Jesus teaching NEW THINGS to his disciple Ananias teaching not only Ananias, but also US as well that Paul is a CHOSEN vessel that Jesus HIMSELF has chosen to take the gospel to the GENTILES, which again is a NEW THING that God has not done before. Jesus was given this NEW thing to teach his disciples that the could NOT bear during the days of his ministry in the days of his flesh. And now that Holy Spirit is taking what now belongs to Jesus and is TEACHING these NEW THINGS to the disciples and APOSTLES of Jesus, they will eventually SEE that this NEW teaching is indeed OF Almighty God himself. But again it took some TIME as they were YET LEARNING these NEW THINGS that were not taught or revealed to them under the OLD covenant.)

17.  And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, EVEN JESUS, that appeared unto YOU in the way as you came, has sent me, that you might receive your sight, AND be filled with the Holy Ghost.

18. And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received sight forthwith, and arose, and was baptized.”


Saul became a NEW creature IN Jesus Christ that day, and if you continue reading in Acts you will LEARN all the mighty ACTS of the APOSTLE Paul the Yahweh himself did through Paul's hand as a CHOSEN vessel who his Son Jesus personally CHOSE to be HIS APOSTLE to the GENTILES.

Now SOME of you may still argue that Paul was NOT a true apostle of Jesus. While others may agree that Paul was indeed an apostle of Jesus, but may still argue that he was NOT one of the TWELVE Apostles of Jesus with capital “A”, because Matthias had already been chosen to take the place of the apostleship of Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Jesus and committed suicide, and the lost his position and one of the TWELVE Apostles of Jesus.

We will cover this question of WHO replaced Judas in the next section of this study in God's word, but for now let us see who the OTHER apostles of Jesus were apart from the ELEVEN.


We have already seen that James the half brother of Jesus was called an apostle in Galatians 1:19, so now let us read Acts 14:14 again to see that both Paul and Barnabas are called apostle by brother Luke.

Acts 14:14.


Which when the APOSTLES, Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they rent their clothes, and ran in among the people, crying out,”


So now not only the original ELEVEN Apostle of Jesus, but we also we have James, the half brother of Jesus, we have Paul and we have Barnabas being called apostles.

Then we read in 1 Corinthians 4:6-9 that Apollos is an apostle.


And these things, brethren, I have in a figure transferred to myself and to Apollos for your sake; that ye might learn in us not to think of men above that which is written, that no one of you be puffed up for one against another.

7. For who makes you to differ from another? and what have you that you did not receive? now if you did receive it, why do you glory, as if you had not received it?

8. Now you are full, now you are rich, you have reigned as kings without us: and I would to God you did reign, that we also might reign with you.

9. For I think that God has set forth US the apostles last (Paul is saying that ALL the apostles of Jesus Christ are last, but ALSO includes Apollos to an an apostle as well, because in verse 8 he just said that the believers he was speaking to reigned as kings WITHOUT US. Paul is saying the we reign a kings no matter WHO preaches the gospel to us. So Paul is saying whether the eleven apostles or WE Apollos and myself have preached to you, you reign as kings because you have believed and WE, Apollos and me, the apostle of Jesus reign WITH you, but it seem that we APOSTLES are last), as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men.”


Now some may be doubting that Paul was calling Apollos an apostle of Jesus Christ. If this is you, then please read 1 Corinthians 1:10-15.


Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you ALL speak the SAME thing, and that there be NO divisions among you; but that you be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment.

11. For it hath been declared unto me of you, my brethren, by them which are of the house of Chloe, that there are contentions (controversy, division, and strife) among you.

12. Now this I say, that every one of you says, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas (or I am of Peter); and I of Christ. (or I am Baptist, I am Lutheran, I am a Calvinist. I am Catholic, or I am Pentecostal, and so forth and so on)

13. Is Christ divided? was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul? (Here we see Paul saying again that it does NOT matter WHO preached the gospel to you. You are saved because JESUS was preached unto you. So all these division ought NOT be so.)

14. I thank God that I baptized none of you, but Crispus and Gaius;

15. Lest any should say that I had baptized in mine OWN name.”


Also we see in this passage of scripture that Jesus is THE APOSTLE of Yahweh himself, that Cephas or Peter is one of the original twelve apostles, and that Paul was an apostle. So then, it is safe to conclude than since some in Corinth where ALSO saying that they were of APOLLOS, then Apollos was ALSO an apostle of Jesus Christ along with Paul and Peter.

Now let us read 1 Corinthians 3:1-11, where we see Paul teaching us to NOT be followers of MEN saying I am of this denomination of I am of that denomination, because church denominations are only ministers of CHRIST and it is Almighty God Yahweh himself, who gives the INCREASE.

1 Corinthians 3:1-11.


And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, even as unto babes in Christ.

2. I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto you were not able to bear it, neither yet now are ye able.

3. For you are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and DIVISIONS, are you not carnal, and walk as men?

4. For while one says, I am of Paul; and another, I am of APOLLOS; are you not carnal?

5. Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers by whom you believed, even as the Lord gave to every man? (here we see Paul teaching us to NOT exalt ourselves. Paul is saying though I and Apollos be apostles of Jesus Christ we are MINISTERS of the gospel of Jesus Christ the same as you are also ministers of the gospel. So STOP exalting us by DIVIDING yourselves saying well I am of Paul or I am of Apollos, because we are simply messengers of the Gospel of Jesus Christ the same as you.)

6. I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase. (Paul is saying, Yes it is true that as apostles of Jesus Christ both Apollos and myself have planted the seed of God's word where it has not been planted before. Sometimes Apollos planted and I watered. And at other times I planted and Apollos water, but it is ALWAYS Almighty God Yahweh himself, who gives the INCREASE.)

7. So then neither is he that plants any thing, neither he that waters; but God that gives the increase.

8. Now he that plants and he that waters are one: and every man shall receive his own reward according to his own labor. (here we see one of the TRUE definitions of an apostle of Jesus Christ as being the one who plants the seed of God's word and the one who waters that seed of God's word in NEW soil to bring forth NEW fruit or a NEW building block in the building of God. Today we call these ministers of the Gospel of Jesus Christ MISSIONARIES, who plant NEW churches begetting NEW believers into the body of Jesus Christ BUILDING the church always remember to give the GLORY to Almighty God who gives the INCREASE. So in that sense ANY disciple can be an apostle of Jesus Christ by simply being a PART of bring someone NEW into the the body of Jesus Christ. But in the church today we have SOME who BOAST that THEY are Apostles to lord OVER their followers. But the Bible ITSELF teaches us that we are ALL laborers together WITH God and we ALL shall receive our own reward ACCORDING to our own labor to work.)

9. For we are laborers together WITH God: you are God's husbandry, you are God's building.

10. According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise master builder, I have laid the foundation, and another builds thereon. But let every man take heed how he builds thereupon.

11. For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.”


So Paul and ALL the apostle of Jesus Christ lay the FOUNDATION of JESUS CHRIST, and then other disciples build upon that ONE and ONLY foundation to root and ground that NEW Christians in the word of God so that they be NOT tossed to and for by every wind of man-made doctrine that comes along. And if so be that new building block in God's building REMAIN unto the end, then ALL who helped build on the foundation of Jesus Christ shall receive a reward. But if that Christians does NOT remain faithful unto the end, then he of she, the WORK of ours will perish, but WE ourselves will receive eternal life in the world to come if so be that WE remain faithful unto the end.

So then, by the simplest definition of an apostle it is ANY believer, who is sent out by the Holy Spirit to lead a person to Jesus Christ. That believer, in the simplest form of the word apostle, is the apostle to THAT or to THOSE believers, which he so she LEAD to Jesus to be saved. Other believers can water that new believer, but that new believer has already been PLANTED into the kingdom of God and the one, who planted that of those new believers, are apostles TO those new believer or believers, especially when that or those new believers never heard the gospel ever before by anyone else. So today it is possible for their to be apostles, by we or the church today call them missionaries, because they PLANT churches where the people have NEVER heard the gospel before. But just because one has been planted in Jesus Christ or in the faith does not automatically mean that they will REMAIN true believers unto the end.

Jesus taught us the SAME thing in Matthew 24:11-14 that ONLY those of us who ENDURE unto the END shall be SAVED.


And many false prophets (not false apostles, but false prophets) shall rise, and shall deceive many. (now the Jesus Words Only Christians along with most if not all seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians sincerely believe that all NON seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians are the ones, who are being deceived by the false prophet, false teachers, and false apostle Paul. And on the other side of the coin ALL NON seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians sincerely believe that all seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians are being subverted to be brought under the bondage of the law of Moses and are in ERROR by dogmatically demanding that Christians must keep ALL the Torah or all the law of God written in the Old Testament, which are the words of the OLD covenant. And WE are greatly concern that our dear brothers in our Lord Jesus Christ, who are seventh day of the week Sabbath keeps, are NOT enduring unto the END by obeying the TRUE GOSPEL of Jesus Christ by teaching that Christians must keep ALL the law of God written in the Old Testament under the OLD covenant in order to please God)

12. And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many (of YOU the understood subject be spoken to by Jesus) shall wax cold.

13. But he (of YOU) that shall ENDURE unto the END, the SAME shall be saved.

14. And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.”


Now the THIS GOSPEL that Jesus is speaking of is the very gospel that he taught to his TWELVE apostles and all of his disciples to teach to US. The THIS GOSPEL is the good news of the NEW COVENANT. If so be that Jesus taught his apostles and disciples the SAME EXACT OLD covenant, then the unbelieving Jews, who were still yet under the OLD convent would not have persecuted and killed the believers of the WORDS of Jesus. Please read the study ARGUMENTS FOR THE SABBATH! for an in depth study in God's word on whether or not Christians must keep the seventh day of the week or the first day of the week or any day of the week.

But for now let us continue this study in God's word to see who the Bible itself calls apostles. We have already seen that James the half brother of Jesus is called an apostle in Galatians 1:19, and that both Paul and Barnabas are called apostle by brother Luke in Acts 14:14. Then we learned that Apollos was called an apostle in 1 Corinthians 4:6-9. Now let us read 1 Thessalonians 1:1 through 1 Thessalonians 2:6 where we see that both Timothy and Silvanus are called apostle of Jesus Christ.


1 Thessalonians 1:1-10.


Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians which is in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.

2. WE give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers;

3. Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labor of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father;

4. Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of God.

5. For OUR gospel came NOT unto you in word ONLY, but ALSO in POWER, and IN the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance; as you know what manner of men we were among you for your sake. (Paul is NOT say that he is teaching ANOTHER or a DIFFERENT gospel as some wrongly teach, but Paul is simply saying the gospel which WE have preached to you we did not preach to you in word ONLY. Rather WE preached the gospel unto you being CONFIRMED to you by the POWER of God bearing WITNESS to us as to what manner of men we are by God himself granting these SIGNS and WONDERS be done by our hands. Not as if WE have any power in ourselves, but rather it is HE who dwells IN us who has done these mighty works in your presence for YOUR sake.)

6. And you became followers of US (as WE follow Jesus Christ), AND (followers) of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost: (in other words to INTERPRET these word of Paul that he is gather followers unto HIMSELF teaching a DIFFERENT gospel from the other ELEVEN apostles of Jesus is simply an INCORRECT interpretation of Paul's words being taken OUT of CONTEXT.)

7. So that you were ensamples (or examples) to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia.

8. For (or because) from you sounded out the word of the Lord not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in every place your faith to God-ward is spread abroad; so that we need not to speak any thing. (Paul is exhorting the disciples of Jesus that he and others like Timothy and Silvanus have brought to the Lord and have made disciples to go out and disciple others the true gospel of Jesus Christ)

9. For they themselves show of us what manner of entering in WE had unto you (here Paul is saying we know this because THEY told us how you have minister to others the gospel), AND HOW you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God;

10. And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.”


From the above verses we learn that the WE and US are referring to the apostle Paul, Timothy and Silvanus who are all called apostles in 1 Thessalonians 2:6.

Please read 1 Thessalonians 2:16.


For yourselves, brethren, know OUR entrance in unto you, that it was not in vain: (speaking of Paul, Timothy ans Silvanus who preached the Gospel of Jesus Christ to them)

2. But even after that WE had suffered before, and were shamefully entreated, as you know, at Philippi, WE were bold in our God to speak unto you the gospel of God with much contention.

3. For OUR exhortation was not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile:

4. But as WE were allowed OF God to be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God, which tries our hearts.

5. For neither at any time used WE flattering words, as you know, nor a cloak of covetousness; God is witness: (in other words, God would NOT have confirm HIS word with SIGNS following if so be that we were deceiving you.)

6. Nor of men sought WE glory, neither of you, nor yet of others, when WE might have been burdensome, AS the APOSTLES OF Christ.”


So then, clearly see the plural of WE and US, and OUR all the way through this passage of scripture, so we can safely conclude that all three, Paul, Timothy, and Silvanus are ALL apostles of Jesus Christ teaching the TRUE gospel where many were being saved as God gave the increase.

Thus at the point we have seen that James the half brother of Jesus is called and apostle. Paul is called an apostle, Barnabas is called an apostle. Apollos is called an apostle. Timothy is called an apostle and Sivlvanus is called an apostle. So thus far we have six disciple of Jesus, who are called apostles apart from the original ELEVEN apostles that Jesus chosen before the cross.

Let us now read Philippians 2:25 where it is not readily seen that Epaphroditus is an apostle until you look of the word translated as “messenger” in the King James Version and see that it was translated from the Greek word “apsotolon”, which also means “apostle”.

Philippians 2:12-27.


Wherefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.

13. For it is God which works in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

14. Do all things without murmurings and disputings:

15. That you may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom you shine as lights in the world;

16. Holding forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither labored in vain.

17. Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all.

18. For the same cause also do you joy, and rejoice with me.

19. But I trust in the Lord Jesus to send Timotheus shortly unto you, that I also may be of good comfort, when I know your state. (When you consider all that Paul wrote and taught you will see that the care of the churches came upon him daily. Paul was deeply concerned that his disciples might be DRAWN away from the TRUE gospel by being subverted to keep ALL the law of Moses under the OLD covenant. And he is saying that the apostle Timothy has the SAME concerns.)

20. For I have no man like minded, who will naturally care for your state. (or who loves you as much as I do and who will boldly stand up against the false teaching of those who are subverting the true gospel of Jesus Christ)

21. For all seek their own, not the things which are Jesus Christ's.

22. But you know the proof of him, that, as a son with the father, he has served WITH me in the gospel.

23. Him therefore I hope to send presently, so soon as I shall see how it will go with me.

24. But I trust in the Lord that I also myself shall come shortly.

25 Yet I supposed it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother, and companion in labor, and fellow soldier, but YOUR messenger, and he that ministered to my wants.

26. For he longed after you all, and was full of heaviness, because that you had heard that he had been sick.

27. For indeed he was sick nigh unto death: but God had mercy on him; and not on him only, but on me also, lest I should have sorrow upon sorrow.”


The words, but YOUR messenger teaches us that Epaphroditus is the disciple of Jesus, who preached the gospel to those in Philippi for the FIRST time for THEM to hear the good news of so great a salvation to bring them to the Lord Jesus Christ to be saved. And when we look up the word translated as “messenger” in a concordance, we find that it is the Greek word “apostolon” or “apostolos” having the SAME Strong's #652, which is the SAME Greek word translated as Apostle in Hebrews 3:1, when referring the Jesus himself as the Apostle of Almighty God the Father.

           And it is also the SAME Greek word translated as apostles in Matthew 10:2 and Luke 6:13 speaking of the TWELVE apostles of Jesus Christ, whom Jesus himself chose and also called those twelve apostles. AND it is ALSO the SAME Greek word, used in ALL 19 verses where Paul is called an APOSTLE of Jesus Christ. So now we have seen that there are seven, who are called apostles apart from the eleven.

Then we find in 2 Corinthians 8:16-24 TWO unnamed apostle, who came WITH Titus, that are NOT called by name. The first brother is identified by a description as a “brother, whose praise, applause or fame is in the gospel throughout all the churches” in verse 18, and who ALSO was called or selected by the churches to travel WITH Paul and Titus and others, who traveled with Paul. The second unnamed brother called an apostle is described in verse 22 as one who has been proved. Now I am just throwing out a thought that one of these unnamed apostles may have been brother Luke. Just a thought, because we are not specifically given the NAME of either of these unnamed Apostles of Jesus Christ. All we know for sure is that brother Luke travel with Paul at least some of the time.

2 Corinthians 8:16-24.


But thanks be to God, which put the same earnest care INTO the heart of Titus FOR you.

17. For indeed he accepted the exhortation (or Titus embrace this love for you that God has placed in his heart); but being more forward, of his own accord he went unto you.(or and he step forward without being asked to come unto you)

18. And we have sent WITH him the brother, whose praise is in the gospel throughout all the churches;

19. And NOT that only, but who was ALSO chosen of the churches to travel with us with this grace, which is administered by us to the glory of the same Lord, and declaration of your ready mind:

20. Avoiding this, that no man should blame us in this abundance which is administered by us:

21. Providing for honest things, not only in the sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men.

22. And we have sent WITH THEM ( with Titus and the other unnamed brother described in verse 18,19) our brother, whom we have oftentimes proved diligent in many things, but now much more diligent, upon the great confidence which I have in you.

23. Whether any do inquire of Titus, he is my partner and fellow helper concerning you: OR our brethren be inquired of, THEY are the messengers of the churches, and the glory of Christ.

24. Wherefore show you to THEM, and before the churches, the proof of your love, and of our boasting on your behalf.”


Again the Greek word translated as “messenger” here is that SAME Greek word translated as Apostle in Hebrews 3:1, when referring the Jesus himself as the Apostle of Almighty God the Father.

           And it is also the SAME Greek word translated as apostles in Matthew 10:2 and Luke 6:13 speaking of the TWELVE apostles of Jesus Christ, whom he chose and also called those CHOSEN twelve apostles. AND it is ALSO the SAME Greek word, used in ALL 19 verses where Paul is also called an APOSTLE.


Now Titus may well have also been an apostle of Jesus Christ seeing that Paul sent WITH Titus these two brothers who were called apostles as opposed to sending Titus WITH the two unnamed apostles. So to ME, I myself see Titus as also being an apostle of Jesus Christ.

This brings the total number of those called apostles in the New Testament to 22. Allow me to list them for you by number giving you at least one verse where they are called an APOSTLE.


#1. Jesus called an Apostle in Hebrews 3:1.

#2. The TWELVE chosen by Jesus before the cross being called apostles in Luke 6:13. We will count them as the ELEVEN. because Judas Iscariot lost his apostleship when he betrayed Jesus and committed suicide, and for ME I do not count Judas Iscariot as an apostle, but with add him in the final total if you want to count him as an apostle.

#3. James the half brother of Jesus called and apostle in Galatians 1:19.

#4. Paul called an apostle by brother Luke in Acts 14:14.

#5. Barnabus called an apostle by Luke in Acts 14:14.

#6. Apollos called an apostle in 1 Corinthians 4:6-9.

#7. Timothy called an apostle in 1 Thessalonians 1:1 combined with 1 Thessalonians 2:6.

#8. Silvanus called an apostle in 1 Thessalonians 1:1 combined with 1 Thessalonians 2:6.

#9. Epaphroditus called an apostle in Philippians 2:25.

#10. The first unnamed brother called an apostle in

2 Corinthians 8:16-24.

#11. The second unnamed brother called an apostle in

2 Corinthians 8:16-24.

#12. Titus who is assumed to be an apostle by the context of 2 Corinthians 8:16-24.


So we have Jesus, the ELEVEN, seven more by name, two unnamed, and one named Titus, assumed to be an apostle, which again brings the total number of apostles thus far to 22.

But let us not forget Matthias, who was chosen by the ELEVEN in Acts 1:12-26.


Then returned they unto Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is from Jerusalem a Sabbath day's journey.

13. And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon Zelotes, and Judas the brother of James. (NOT Judas Iscariot, the betrayer.)

14. These (ELEVEN) all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren.

15. And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples, and said, (the number of names together were about an hundred and twenty,)

16. Men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus.

17. For he WAS numbered with us, and had obtained part of this ministry.

18. Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out.

19. And it was known unto all the dwellers at Jerusalem; insomuch as that field is called in their proper tongue, Aceldama, that is to say, The field of blood.

20. For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein: and his bishoprick let another take.

21. Wherefore of these men which have accompanied with us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us,

22. Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection.

23. And they appointed two, Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias.

24. And they prayed, and said, You, Lord, which knows the hearts of all men, show whether of these two you have chosen,

25 That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.

26. And they gave forth their lots; and the lot fell upon Matthias; and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.”


So then, Matthias bring the total number of apostles to 23, again not yet counting Judas Iscariot, the betrayer as an apostle, because the scripture says let another take his place. So to ME Judas Iscariot should no longer be counted as and apostle of Jesus Christ. So for ME I find that the total number who are called apostle to be 23, but we have two more POSSIBLE brothers who are called apostles depending on how one INTERPRETS Romans 16:7, which says,


Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.”


Now this could be a study in and of itself so for now I myself am not going to consider these two as being apostles, but rather that they both were considered notable BY the apostles. The Greek word translated as “among” the apostles carries the meaning of “position or place in proximity. It also means “BY”.

Also this is the ONLY verse where their names are mentioned, so to ME to INTERPRET this verse as these two being NOTABLE apostles, without any other mention of ANY of the ACTS is reading into this verse a desired meaning.

And to me, seeing that Jesus himself called Paul his CHOSEN VESSEL to the Gentiles and these other two were IN Christ BEFORE Paul it does not seem logical that these two named Andronicus and Junia are apostles, but rather are notable Christians who worked with the apostles of Jesus Christ.

So then, to ME, the number of apostles I myself find in the New Testament remains at 23 when we include Jesus himself. But in this study we are determining the number of the apostles OF Jesus Christ, so this brings the number of apostle back down to 22 apostles OF Jesus Christ who are called apostles in the New Testament.

Now if YOU want the ADD Judas Iscariot AND both Andronicus and Junia, then the number of the apostle OF Jesus Christ would be 25 and if you count Jesus the number would be 26 who are called disciples in the New Testament.

But as for ME, again I myself find 22 apostles OF Jesus Christ, because I do not count Jesus as being an apostle OF himself. Nor do I count Judas Iscariot, because he not only betrayed Jesus, but also committed suicide, which to ME shows that even though he may have repented he certainly did NOT BELIEVE he was forgiven other wise he would not have committed suicide. And unless otherwise convinced with some sound Biblical evidence I myself must rule out Andronicus and Junia as being apostles of Jesus.


Now certainly Jesus HIMSELF chose TWELVE of his disciples, who were ALSO called APOSTLES, which we have already learned from Luke 6:13, 22; Matthew 10:2, and Acts chapter 1.

And we also learn from Matthew 19:28 and Revelation that ONLY TWELVE of the apostles are appointed a special place of position in the world to come.

Please read Matthew 19:28.


And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That you which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, you also shall sit upon TWELVE thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”


Now Jesus was talking to the ORIGINAL TWELVE apostles that he himself CHOSE, but Judas had not yet betrayed Jesus when he spoke these words saying YOU speaking to all twelve original apostles.

Later we see the twelve now being called the ELEVEN. But we know that there will be TWELVE names written upon the TWELVE foundations of the New Jerusalem, the city of God coming down from heaven.

Please read revelation 21:10-14.



And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,

11. Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

12. And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel:

13. On the east three gates; on the north three gates; on the south three gates; and on the west three gates.

14. And the wall of the city had TWELVE foundations, and in them the names of the TWELVE apostles of the Lamb.


So then since the original TWELVE apostle of Jesus are also called the ELEVEN and we clearly see TWELVE names that shall be written of TWELVE foundation of the city of God called the New Jerusalem, then it stands to reason that ONE and ONLY ONE other name is intended to be added BACK to the ELEVEN to AGAIN make their number to be TWELVE.

Now before we begin the next section of this study in God word to determine that most sound Biblical option as to WHO the TWELFTH apostles will be let us look at two more verse of scripture found in Revelation 4:4 and revelation 11:16.

Revelation 4:4


And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold.”


Revelation 11:16.

And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshiped God,”


In both of these verse we see TWENTY FOUR seat for twenty four ELDERS. Now I myself believe that TWELVE of those twenty four seats will be filled by the TWELVE apostles and the other TWELVE seats will be filled by TWELVE leaders or founders, if you will of the twelve tribes of Israel. Again another study in and of itself, but I thought I would just mention it and perhaps at a later time I will write a study on the 24 elders. But for now on to the next section of this study in God's word.




WHO IS THE TWELFTH APOSTLE?


So now arises the question of, “WHO is the Apostle that replaces Judas Iscariot?” Was it the Matthias or Paul? Obviously to ME these are the ONLY TWO possibilities.

Now those, who are Jesus Words Only Christians, dogmatically demand that Matthias was ALREADY chosen to be numbered among the TWELVE, so to them and SOME other Sabbath keeping Christians it is impossible for Paul to be numbered as the TWELFTH apostle of Jesus.

But for me, I have to ask WHY? Now I ask the question of WHY? Why is it impossible for Paul to be the TWELFTH apostle over Matthias other than Matthias was chosen first by the other eleven apostles?

I mean one could ARGUE that ISHMAEL is the rightful heir because he was born FIRST.

So to ME, I see that Peter and the other of the eleven apostles stepped out AHEAD of God to take maters in their OWN hands like Abraham got AHEAD of God and took matters in his OWN hands. And look at the mess that NOT waiting for God that Abraham caused. And for that matter look at the mess Peter and the other of the eleven apostles caused.

I mean look at the DIVISION in the church caused by some claiming that Paul is NOT a TRUE apostle of Jesus Christ so that they can try and prove the Paul is a FALSE teacher.

And WHY do some Christians claim that Paul is a FALSE teacher? That is a simple question to answer. It is because they NEED Paul to be a FALSE teachers! And why do the NEED Paul to be a false teacher? Well the answer to that question varies, but in general they NEED Paul to be a FALSE teacher so they can:

#1. KEEP their followers that they already have.

#2. Ease their OWN conscience.

#3. Hopefully make it easier to build their numbers.


You see dear child of God, if Sabbath keeping churches can shed DOUBT on Paul even being an apostle of Jesus by claiming that Paul appointed HIMSELF as an apostle, then it would be easier to try and prove that Paul is a FALSE teacher.

Once this is done, then they can THROW out that part of the Bible that PROVES what they teach is in ERROR, because what they believe and teach CONTRADICTS the teachings of Paul the apostle of Jesus Christ.

I mean some Sabbath keeping Christians absolutely HATE Paul where some even call Paul Satan himself or that it was Satan who appeared to him masquerading as Jesus. Now to me. This hatred clearly reveals from WHERE this teaching that Paul is NOT a TRUE apostle of Jesus comes.                 Also I myself see some Sabbath keeping Christians claiming that NON seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians are not true Christians and cannot be true Christians UNTIL the start OBEYING the fourth commandment or keeping the SEVENTH DAY of the week at their Sabbath.

But what they fail to understand is that WE are keeping the TRUE Sabbath by RESTING in Jesus our TRUE Sabbath rest to CEASE from our OWN works of righteousness to OBEY HIS commandments. Jesus is the SIGN of the NEW covenant, which is a BETTER covenant established upon BETTER promises. Trying to keep the OLD covenant proves that one does NOT TRULY trust in Jesus.

Please read all the studies linked within this study and all the studies linked below. This study was just the TIP of the iceberg of exposing the ERRORS of interpretation made by the Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping churches, and the Sunday first day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians.

WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?"

"YES CHRISTIANS MUST KEEP THE SABBATH!"

"JESUS IS LORD OF THE SABBATH!"

"MATTHEW 5:17-19 SABBATH TRUTH!"

"MATTHEW 24:20 FUTURE SABBATH KEEPING!"

"SABBATH TRUTH REMEMBER THE SABBATH!"

"REALLY ONLY NINE OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS?"

"MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE 4th COMMANDMENT?"

"SABBATH KEEPING VERSUS SUNDAY WORSHIP?"

"60 ARGUMENTS FOR THE SABBATH!"

"IS JESUS OUR SABBATH REST?"

"THE SABBATH REST IS A SIGN!"

"THE SABBATH, SUNDAY, OR NEITHER DAY?"

"HAS GOD'S LAW BEEN ABOLISHED?"

"WAS JESUS RESURRECTED ON SUNDAY?"

"JESUS WORDS ONLY SABBATH TRUTH!"

"IS PAUL A TRUE APOSTLE OF JESUS?"

"IS THE APOSTLE PAUL A FALSE TEACHER?"

"DO PAUL'S TEACHINGS CONTRADICT JESUS?"

"MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE DIETARY LAWS?"

"ACTS 10 PETERS'S VISION OF CLEANSED MEATS?"

"IS THE HEBREWS ROOT MOVEMENT BIBLICAL?"

"119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 1"

"119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 2"

"WHO ARE THE TRUE JEWS?"

"ARE BLACK AFRICANS THE TRUE HEBREWS?"

"WHAT IS THE ONE TRUE CHURCH?"


But for now please consider the following sound Biblical evidence for Paul to not only be a TRUE apostle of Jesus Christ, but ALSO the apostle that Jesus HIMSELF CHOSE to be numbered among the TWELVE apostles, who will sit on TWELVE thrones in the world to come to judge the twelve tribes of Israel and have their NAMES written of the TWELVE foundation of the city of God called the New Jerusalem.

We have already seen that the argument that Matthias was chosen FIRST does not stand up considering the example of Ishmael being born FIRST and therefore it is impossible for Isaac to be the TRUE heir.


The FACTS are that Jesus HIMSELF personally chose the ELEVEN and those eleven took it upon themselves to choose the TWELFTH disciple to be Matthias to be numbered among them to replace Judas Iscariot.

Now this would be fine if so be Jesus or Yahweh himself instructed them to do this. But the way I see it is that they took this task upon themselves WITHOUT any “Thus says the Lord" or even any HINT of being told by God or his Son Jesus to do this.

But rather THEY themselves told God what THEY were going to do and then they prayed where again THEY told God what HE was going to do making the ASSUMPTION that whosoever the LOT fell upon would be the replacement of Judas. They did not ASK God what they should do, and there are no verses where God himself instructed them to draw LOTS.

Now the issue here is NOT the way in which God spoke to his people in the OLD Testament, but rather how God leads Christians under the NEW covenant.

Hebrews 1:1,2 clearly teaches us that God at sundry time or in days of OLD spoke to his people the Jews by his prophets and in different ways, But NOW in these last days speaks to us by his SON.

Hebrews 1:1,2.

God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spoke in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, (and one of those ways may have been the drawing of lots)

2. Has in these last days spoken unto us BY his Son, whom he has appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;”


Jesus told his disciples in John 16:12-15 that he had yet many things to teach them that they were NOT able to bear UNTIL they were filled with the Holy Spirit. And then HE, the Holy Spirit would teach them and show them things to come.

John 16:12-15.


I have YET MANY THINGS to say unto you, BUT you CANNOT BEAR them NOW.

13. Howbeit WHEN HE, the Spirit of truth, is come, HE will guide you into ALL truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and HE will show you things to come.

14. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall show it unto you.

15. All things that the Father has are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall show it unto you.”


Now the apostles and disciples of Jesus, all 120 of them were filled with the Holy Spirit AFTER they took it upon themselves to draw LOTS. So to ME, they were NOT being led by the Holy Spirit to accomplish this task of choosing a replacement for Judas Iscariot. I myself see NO evidence in the word of God where Almighty God the Father or his Son Jesus instructed any of his disciples or his eleven apostles to chose the twelfth apostle FOR Jesus.


But I do see evidence in God's word where Jesus HIMSELF made is OWN choice as to WHO HE wanted to replace Judas Iscariot as the TWELFTH apostle, Please read Acts 9:-18.


And Saul, yet breathing out threatening and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest,

2. And desired of him letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any of this way, (believers in Jesus were called the WAY and were not called Christians until later, when they were first called Christians at Antioch. The main point here is that Saul had letter in hand to bind any one he found preaching Jesus in Damascus) whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem.

3. And AS he journeyed, he came near Damascus: and suddenly there shined round about him a light from heaven:

4. And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecute you ME? (what ever you do to the least of these little one you do to ME)

5. And he said, Who are you, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom you persecute: it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks. (Please remember that brother Luke wrote down these words as a RECORD of what took place in the early church. So if you deny that this was truly Jesus himself who appeared to Paul in a VISION, then you are calling brother Luke a LIAR and a false teacher as well and thus must be consistent in your INTERPRETATIONS and reject not only the teachings of Paul but also reject the teachings of brother Luke, who also wrote as a RECORD the GOSPEL of LUKE, which is in agreement almost word for word with the Gospels of Matthew and Mark. So if Luke is a false teacher saying the sames things as Matthew and Mark, then how can you trust the word so Jesus is Matthew, Mark, or Luke. Why not just throw out the WHOLE NEW Testament like the JEWS and the MUSLIMS and DENY that Jesus is the MESSIAH, the Son of the living God and follow ONLY the Torah and the OLD covenant? Either you believe these words of Luke or you do not believe any of the NEW Testament. Either this was indeed the TRUE Jesus, who appeared to Paul or it was ANOTHER Jesus, that some Jesus Words Only Sabbath keepers claim was SATAN masquerading as Jesus. It is YOUR choice and I pray you make the RIGHT choice dead child of God! The fact is that YOU must work out your own salvation with FEAR and TREMBLING!)

6. And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what will YOU have me to do? And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the city, and it SHALL BE be told you what you must do. (here we learn that Jesus SHALL teach Paul what he must do. One passage of scripture does NOT teach us everything. Other verses teach us that Paul had many other visions and revelations from the Holy Spirit, which is HOW Jesus said he would teach his disciples yet MANY THINGS that they could NOT bear UNTIL the Holy Spirit came to dwell IN them.  It is very possible the Jesus told Paul in one of those visions that he was appointed as an apostle.The church was still yet LEARNING NEW THINGS which Yahweh prophesied in the Old Testament that he would do.)

7. And the men which journeyed with him stood speechless, hearing a voice, but seeing no man.

8. And Saul arose from the earth; and when his eyes were opened, he saw no man: but they led him by the hand, and brought him into Damascus.

9. And he was three days without sight, and neither did eat nor drink. (Saul or Paul was a JEW. He knew to pray and fast and how to seek what Yahweh wants him to do)

10. And there was a certain DISCIPLE (one who is a LEARNER of Jesus) at Damascus, named Ananias; and to him said the Lord in a VISION, Ananias. And he said, Behold, I am here, Lord.

11. And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the street which is called Straight, and inquire in the house of Judas for one called Saul, of Tarsus: FOR, behold (or BECAUSE look and see that), he prays, (now Jesus may have opened the eyes of Ananias to actually see in a vision that Saul was praying and fasting to understand what the Lord want him to do or Jesus may have just told Ananias that Saul was praying.)

12. AND HE seen in a VISION a man named Ananias coming in, and putting his hand on him, that he might receive his sight. (Here we see that BOTH Ananias and Saul are being given VISIONS from Jesus to LEARN what they are to DO. They are being TAUGHT by the Holy Spirit by REVELATION through VISIONS just like Peter said in Acts 2:1-18, when they received the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost as a fulfillment of the prophecy of Joel.)

13. Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he has done to your saints at Jerusalem:

14. And here he has authority from the chief priests to bind all that call on you name.

15. But the Lord said unto him (basically Jesus is saying do not fear Ananias, but), Go you way: FOR (or BECAUSE) HE is a CHOSEN VESSEL unto ME, (I MYSELF have PERSONALLY CHOSEN Saul) to bear MY NAME before the GENTILES, and kings, and the children of Israel:

16. For I WILL SHOW him how great things he must suffer for MY name's sake. (Remember that brother Luke is revealing or teaching these word to his disciple Ananias teaching Ananias and US that Paul is a CHOSEN vessel that Jesus HIMSELF has chosen to take the gospel to the GENTILES, which is a NEW THING that God has not done before. Jesus was given this NEW thing to teach his disciples that the could NOT bear during the days of his ministry in the days of his flesh. And now that Holy Spirit is taking what now belongs to Jesus and is TEACHING these NEW THINGS to the disciples and APOSTLES of Jesus.)

17 And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, EVEN JESUS, that appeared unto YOU in the way as you came, has sent me, that you might receive your sight, AND be filled with the Holy Ghost.

18. And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received sight forthwith, and arose, and was baptized.”


Saul became a NEW creature IN Jesus Christ that day, and if you continue reading in Acts you will LEARN all the mighty ACTS of the APOSTLE Paul the Yahweh himself did through Paul's hand as a CHOSEN vessel, who his Son Jesus personally CHOSE to be HIS APOSTLE to the GENTILES.

Let us continuing read the book of ACTS, which is also called the Acts of the Apostles. The King James Bible titles to book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”. The Revised Standard Version titles to book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”. The Today's English Version titles to book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”. The Jerusalem Bible titles to book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”. The New English Bible titles to book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”. The Phillips Modern English titles to book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”. And these are just a few of the many different Bible translations that titles to book of Acts as the “Acts of the Apostles”.

Now CLEARLY there were MANY ACTS of the apostle Paul that were indeed recorded in the book of Acts, the Acts of the Apostles, but the ONLY time that Matthias is mentioned is when he was appointed BY the eleven as one of the only two choices that God was told that he had to choose from BY the drawing of LOTS. Simply look the name Matthias up in the concordance and you will find that the ONLY two times his name is even mentioned is in Acts 1:23 and Acts 1:26.

However on the other side of the coin the name Saul is found 26 times and the name Paul is found 163 times for a total of 189 times that Paul name is found in the New Testament.

Again NO ACTS of any kind are recorded for Matthias, but on the other side of the coin there are MANY ACTS recorded by brother Luke that Almighty God did by the hands of the apostle Paul CONFIRMING his word that Paul was teaching the TRUE gospel of Jesus Christ.

Please read Acts 14:3-10.


Long time therefore abode they speaking boldly in the Lord, which GAVE TESTIMONY unto the WORD of HIS grace, and GRANTED SIGNS and WONDERS to be done by their hands.

4. But the multitude of the city was divided: and part held with the Jews, and part with the apostles.

5. And when there was an assault made both of the Gentiles, and also of the Jews with their rulers, to use them despitefully, and to stone them,

6. They were ware of it, and fled unto Lystra and Derbe, cities of Lycaonia, and unto the region that lies round about:

7. And there they preached the gospel.

8. And there sat a certain man at Lystra, impotent in his feet, being a cripple from his mother's womb, who never had walked:

9. The same heard Paul speak: who steadfastly beholding him, and perceiving that he had faith to be healed,

10. Said with a loud voice, Stand upright on your feet. And he leaped and walked.”


Now some may argue that this does not prove anything, because neither were any ACTS recorded of several of the twelve apostles of Jesus. But we are NOT comparing Paul to any other disciple EXCEPT Matthias, because the controversy or the issue at hand is WHO is the most sound Biblical choice for being the TWELFTH apostle of Jesus and the ONLY TWO possible choices are Matthias and Paul. The other eleven are already a part of the TWELVE.


The word “apostle” means one who is SENT. Now we are not told specifically the Matthias was SENT by the Holy Spirit, because neither Luke nor any of the other apostles or disciples of Jesus said anything about Matthias except what is recorded in Acts 1:23-26.

However on the other hand we are indeed told that the Holy Spirit called and sent Paul.

Please read Acts 13:1-4.


Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.

2. AS they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have CALLED them.

3. And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.

4. So they, being SENT forth BY the Holy Ghost, departed unto Seleucia; and from thence they sailed to Cyprus.”


Now another requirement to be chosen as a replacement for Judas Iscariot is that the one chosen must be a WITNESS to the RISEN Savior, in that, they SAW the risen Jesus. We know that Matthias met this qualification, other wise the eleven apostles of Jesus would not have appointed him to be one of the ONLY two choices to be decided by the drawing of lots.

But what about Paul? Did Paul see the RISEN Jesus? Yes he did. Jesus APPEARED to Paul on the road to Damascus while on his way to persecute to saints of God. We have already covered Acts 9:1-18, but I would like to say again that no one actually was an “eye” witness to see Jesus being raised from the dead. In other words, they were eye witnesses to the RISEN Jesus having seen Jesus AFTER he was risen. To say this another way and Christians TODAY, who have seen Jesus in a VISION, are an EYE WITNESS of the RISEN Jesus. Blessed is he who has NOT SEEN, but still BELIEVES.

Now while many today may be eye witnesses to the risen Jesus having seen Jesus is a vision is not the only qualification to being one of the TWELVE Apostles of Jesus. Personally I believe that Paul has ALREADY filled that position of being the TWELFTH Apostle of Jesus Christ. And to be an apostle TODAY does NOT require one to have SEEN Jesus in a vision.

This can be argued until Jesus returns as to whether or not there are true apostles of Jesus Christ in the church today. I myself do not know personally, face to face, any apostles in the church today, but I believe anyone called into full time ministry to be SENT by the Holy Spirit to disciple NEW Christians and God is confirming their preaching and teaching with SIGNS following, then to me they are apostles of Jesus Christ. Some call themselves missionaries, but in the sense of the meaning of the word they are apostles. They have planted many churches and visit them to see that they are doing well.

On the other side there are some who claim to be apostles, but in truth they are not. But rather they enjoy the TITLE and the praises of men. Enough said on that subject.

Let us get back to see if Paul fulfilled ALL the qualifications of being numbered with the TWELVE to take the place of Judas Iscariot. Here are the qualifications set forth by Peter in Acts 1:15-26.


And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples, and said, (the number of names together were about an hundred and twenty,)

16. Men and brethren, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus.

17. For he was numbered with us, and had obtained part of this ministry.

18. Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out.

19. And it was known unto all the dwellers at Jerusalem; insomuch as that field is called in their proper tongue, Aceldama, that is to say, The field of blood.

20. For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein: and his bishoprick let another take.

21. Wherefore of these MEN which have accompanied WITH US ALL the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us,

22. BEGINNING from the baptism of John, unto that SAME day that he was taken up from us, MUST ONE be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection.

23. And they appointed TWO, Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias.

24. And they prayed, and said, You, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, show whether of these two you have chosen,

25. That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.

26. And they gave forth their lots; and the lot fell upon Matthias; and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.”


Now according to the words of Peter, the ONLY one eligible to replace Judas was a disciple of Jesus, who had been a disciple from the very beginning of the baptism of John the baptist and also remained a faithful disciple all the way to the end when Jesus ascended up into heaven just days ago.

When we read John 6:66-71 we find that MANY of the disciples left off following Jesus. So many of them were there, who departed, that Jesus perceived that even the TWELVE were doubting what he was teaching saying that it was a HARD thing to understand, that Jesus asked the TWELVE if they would leave him ALSO.

John 6:66-71.


From that time MANY of his disciples went back, and walked NO MORE him.

67. Then said Jesus unto the TWELVE, Will you ALSO go away? (The wording in these two verses teach us that this was no small matter and that a MASS left off following Jesus NO MORE, in that, MOST if not all his disciples except for the TWELVE left off following Jesus to follow him NO MORE. The number of disciple grew again going up and down until there remained 120 on the day of Pentecost. But how many of the 120 were women and more importantly how many of the MEN of that number of 120 companies WITH the twelve the WHOLE time? Well only TWO were appointed, so I would have to say only TWO other than the ELEVEN were with the disciples the WHOLE time. BUT which of the TWO should they pick? Why not draw LOTS as was the custom to decide matters in the Old Testament? So they decided among themselves to draw LOTS. They only prayed AFTER they made their OWN decision to draw LOTS.)

68. Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life.

69. And we believe and are sure that you are that Christ, the Son of the living God.

70. Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil?

71. He spoke of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for he it was that should betray him, being one of the twelve.”



So right here we see that only the ELEVEN remained faithful to Jesus along with perhaps a few more disciples, who may not have left with the many, so it is a wonder that Peter found even TWO, who met HIS qualifications.

Again all we know for sure is that the number of followers of Jesus in the upper room waiting for the promise of the Holy Spirit were 120 on the day of Pentecost. But how many of the 120 were women and more importantly how many of the MEN of that number of 120 accompanying with the ELEVEN the WHOLE time? Well only TWO were appointed, so I would have to say only TWO were with the eleven remaining apostles the WHOLE time. BUT which of the TWO should they pick? Why not draw LOTS as was the custom to decide matters in the Old Testament? Sound goods to me thought the others. Lets do it.

Now this may sound like I am putting words in the mouths of the ELEVEN Apostle of Jesus, but in truth is this not the way the devil plays with our minds today to get ahead of God and take matters into our OWN hands without ANY direction given to us by the Holy Spirit and WE have the Holy Spirit DWELLING IN US, but THEY had not yet been filled with the Holy Spirit, because the day of Pentecost had not come as yet.

You see dear child of God, Jesus commanded his disciples to WAIT UNTIL they were endued with POWER, that is to say, power and AUTHORITY from on high, but they decided not to wait for the Holy Spirit and on their own they made the decision to draw lots BEFORE they received that baptism and infilling of the Holy Spirit.

Please read Acts 1:4,5.


And, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but WAIT for the promise of the Father, which, said he, you have heard of me. (and to make sure they understood what promise Jesus left them no doubt that he was commanding them to WAIT until the receive the BAPTISM of the Holy Spirit.)

5. For John truly baptized with water; but you shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.”


Now read Luke 24:49.


And, behold, I send the PROMISE of my Father upon you: BUT TARRY (or WAIT) you in the city of Jerusalem, UNTIL you be ENDUED WITH POWER from on high.”


But WHY? Why did Jesus want his disciples to WAIT UNTIL they received the Holy Spirit? Because they STILL YET had more to LEARN. Jesus was NOT finished TEACHING his disciple yet. There were MANY MORE things that Jesus want to teach them, BUT they were NOT able to BEAR those teachings UNTIL they were baptized with the Holy Spirit and the Holy Spirit DWELT IN them to LEAD and GUIDE them.

Please read John 16:12-15.


I have YET MANY THINGS to say unto you, BUT you CANNOT BEAR THEM NOW.

13. Howbeit WHEN HE, the Spirit of truth, is come, HE WILL GUIDE YOU you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.

14. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall show it unto you.

15. All things that the Father has are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall show it unto you.”


In other words, Jesus was saying to his apostles and disciples, "WHEN you receive the baptism of the Holy Spirit, I will continue to teach you through the Holy Spirit dwelling IN you. He will take what is MINE that the Father has GIVEN me and teach you MY words, which again were given to me from Yahweh to teach to you."

Again I myself believe that Jesus HIMSELF chose Paul to replace Judas Iscariot to make up the TWELVE Apostle, who will sit on TWELVE thrones to judge the twelve tribes of Israel. But we could argue this point until Jesus returns so let us cut to the chase and get down to the core issue.

When one searches this controversy in depth they will find that the first point that was raised was that of Paul NOT being a TRUE Apostle in order to try and prove that Paul is a FALSE teacher. Then the other side countered showing that there were MORE than just the TWELVE Apostles, who were also called APOSTLES. But then the other side came back to TRY and prove that the other disciples, who were called apostles were not TRUE apostles either, because they were NOT one of the TWELVE apostles.

But WHY? Why do they try and prove that ALL the apostles, who are called apostles in the New Testament are NOT truly Apostles, when the Bible ITSELF calls them APOSTLES?

I will tell you why. It is so that one side can DISCREDIT the teachings of Paul! That is the WHOLE agenda of this one side of the controversy.


So then, let us now get down to the CORE ISSUE of WHY some Christians NEED Paul to be a FALSE APOSTLE and thus claim that Paul is a FALSE TEACHER. And that CORE issue is that the TEACHINGS of Paul prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that what these Christians teach is in ERROR.

You see dear child of God, the ONLY Christians, who are teaching that Paul is NOT a TRUE Apostle of Jesus and thus a FALSE teacher, are SEVENTH DAY of the WEEK Saturday Sabbath keeping Christians, who dogmatically demand that in order to be a TRUE Christian you MUST keep ALL the law of God written in the Old Testament. They argue that the Old Testament is PART of the Bible as well and we just cannot simply throw out the Old Testament and pretend that it is not there.

But what some seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping Christians have not seen is that the OLD COVENANT is NOT IN the NEW Testament, but the NEW covenant is PROPHESIED to come in the Old Testament. Seventh day of the week Saturday only Sabbath keepers, SEMI Sabbath keepers. who keep BOTH Saturday and Sunday, and FIRST day of the week Sunday Sabbath keepers are ALL trying to keep BOTH covenants at the SAME time.

Now seventh day of the week Saturday Sabbath keeping churches begin seducing Christians into their religion of error by FIRST convincing them that they MUST keep the FOURTH commandment, which is to keep the SEVENTH DAY of the week. This is relatively easy by FOCUSING on the TEN commandments, because most Christians do indeed believe that we MUST keep the ten commandments of God.

But then they point out that most Christians do NOT keep the SEVENTH DAY of the week commandment. Now it gets a little harder, because most Christians do faithfully attend church nearly every Sunday. However, Sabbath keepers keep compelling Christians, until some Christians become convinced by their words that the begin to fear that they are not pleasing God so they start attending a Sabbath keeping church.

After they have deceived a Christian that he or she must keep the SEVENTH DAY of the week in order to be a TRUE Christian that pleases God. In other words, these Christians have been deceived into believing that they are NOW pleasing God by going to church on Saturday, where before they were supposedly not pleasing God by going to church on Sunday. Then they begin working on the next step, which is to convince their new converts, who were already true born again Christians, that they must keep the DIETARY laws written in the Old Testament under the OLD covenant in order to please God. And of course they only START with forbidding them from eating pork. They make it as disgusting as they can, until they have convinced their new convert that God hates those who eat PIG. But they do NOT stop there and little by little the convince that unsuspecting Christian to keep ALL the dietary laws written in the Old testament.

SOME Sabbath keeping churches stop there with the dietary laws and keeping Saturday, but some continue to bind more and more of the ordinances written in the Old Testament upon their followers.

After awhile, when some of their followers, or even some of their LEADERS, begin to QUESTION all these added burdens, then this is when the Sabbath keeping church leaders begin to throw DOUBT on the teachings of Paul lest they LOSE their followers, and even some of their LEADERS. If you think I am making this up, then do your OWN honest research. Talk to those, who have LEFT a Sabbath keeping church! I mean if you are TRULY seeking the TRUTH, then you need to hear BOTH sides of this controversy.

Here are some testimonies of those who left a Sabbath keeping churches:


#1. This is a testimony of a first day or Sunday keeping Pastor, who became a Sabbath keeping Pastor. But after a time he sees the errors of their interpretations and returns to being a Pastor a church on Sunday truly understand that NO day of the week is commanded for us as Christians to keep in the New Testament under the NEW covenant.

http://www.ukapologetics.net/sabbath.html


#2. This testimony is from a former Sabbath keeper, who observed the seventh day Sabbath for 47 years, until the Holy Spirit opened his eyes to see the difference between the OLD and the NEW covenant,

http://www.truthorfables.com/Renouncing_the_Sabbath.htm


#3. This is a link to a website devoted to reaching out to both ex-Sabbath keepers and those still attending Sabbath keeping churches, but are having QUESTIONS.

http://www.exadventist.com/Home/Sabbath/SabbathSunday/tabid/516/Default.aspx


#4. This is another website that exposes the errors of the 7th Day Adventist, but in doing so they also expose the errors of interpretation made by ALL Sabbath keeping Christians. You see dear child of God it is not just the 7th Day Adventist, who wrongly compel Christians to keep the seventh day of the week, but rather it is ALL Saturday keeping Christians, who wrongly teach that Christians must keep the seventh day of the week, because it is a COMMANDMENT of Almighty God himself, and any Christian, who does not keep the seventh day of the week as a day of rest is sinning, because they are breaking the fourth commandment! But that is only ONE PART of the Bible while IGNORING the REST of the Bible. So I share this link with you, because he gives SOUND Biblical teaching showing the ERRORS of interpretation made by ALL Sabbath keeping churches no mater which Sabbath Keeping church you attend.

http://www.bible.ca/7-lying-for-god-Kerry-Wynne.htm


#5. For those who prefer video teachings here is a link to a YouTube video of a former Sabbath keeping Christian, who was a third generation Sabbath keeper whose father and grandfather were Sabbath keepers. All three were not only Sabbath keeps but they pastors of Sabbath keeping churches. This is his testimony of how he came to the knowledge of the truth that keeping the seventh DAY of the week as a day of REST was a SIGN pointing the Jesus as our TRUE Sabbath REST. Once you are on YouTube watching this video you will find many more videos of personal testimonies of what particular SCRIPTURE the Holy Spirit used to opened their eyes to the truth of the WHOLE word of God on this subject of the Sabbath.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Es9xJutiwo


All I am asking is that you truly consider with your whole heart the OTHER side of the controversy. Be honest with yourself and with God to TRULY seek HIS truth of the WHOLE word of God. The Holy Spirit will NOT lead anyone one into error.

It is the ENEMY of God, who leads Christians into error. Satan cannot keep anyone from seeking the truth, but he can lead those seeking the truth into error by DECEIVING them that what they conclude certain verses to mean is the truth, when it fact it is not the truth of the WHOLE word of God.


With that being said let us now move on to the next section of this study in God's word to learn what the WHOLE word of God teaches us about the Sabbath.



THE FOURTH COMMANDMENT IS ETERNAL!


Now the REASON that there is division in the body of Christ is because some Christians wrongly believe that the keeping of the SEVENTH DAY was instituted by Almighty God Yahweh in the creation week and that the SEVENTH DAY of the week was commanded by God to be kept from Adam to ETERNITY.

To say this another way, some Christians, who I will call Sabbath keeping Christians, believe that Christians must keep the SEVENTH DAY of the WEEK like the Jews under the OLD covenant, while other Christians believe that God gave the keeping of the seventh day of the week to CEASE form their OWN works was given by God to the children of Israel as the SIGN of the OLD covenant between them and Yahweh to point to Jesus as the SIGN of the NEW covenant where Jesus becomes our TRUE SABBATH to CEASE from our OWN works of righteousness.

But because Sabbath keeping Christians sincerely believe with all their hearts that God instituted the keeping of the SEVENTH DAY of the WEEK as a day of REST, based on God himself “RESTED” on the SEVENTH day of the creation week, then they see that the keeping of SEVENTH DAY of the WEEK as an ETERNAL commandment of Almighty God. Therefore to THEM other Christians are SINNING by NOT keeping the SEVENTH DAY of the WEEK by resting from all work on the SEVENTH DAY of the week.

So then, the question becomes did Almighty God institute the Sabbath REST in Genesis 2:1-3 for all his creation to keep the SEVENTH DAY of the WEEK as a day of REST from Adam to all eternity?

Let us see what the Bible ITSELF teaches us when we interpret the scriptures in the LIGHT of the WHOLE word of God.

Genesis 2:1-3.


Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.

2. And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

3. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.”


Now most translations of Genesis 2:1-3 have the same translation as the King James Bible, but there are a few that come really close to the LITERAL word of word translation, which we will cover in a moment.

But first I would like you to read Genesis 2:2 from God's Word Translation.


2. BY the seventh day God had finished the work he HAD been doing. On the seventh day he STOPPED the work he HAD been doing.”



Now when we read this translation we can see that God is NOT YET FINISHED will ALL of his creation. We KNOW this to be TRUE, because of what the Bible teaches us in the Book of Revelation chapter 21 Almighty God Yahweh himself creates a NEW heaven and a NEW earth for his NEW creation to dwell if for all eternity.


Revelation 21:1-5.


And I saw a NEW heaven and a NEW earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.

2. And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

3. And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. (Now Jesus will dwell with us on the OLD earth during the DAY of the Lord when Jesus will rule and reign FOR Yahweh for a 1000 years. But after that 1000 year long DAY of the Lord has ended this OLD earth and heaven or solar system will pass away and melt with fervent heat as prophesied. And then Yahweh after finishing his SEVENTH DAY of rest during that 1000 year reign of Jesus in the world yet to come, Yahweh will continue his work of CREATION and CREATE a NEW heaven and a NEW earth for his NEW creation to dwell in WITH him and his Son Jesus for all eternity in the ages yet to come AFTER the next age to come, which is the SEVENTH 1000 year long DAY of the Lord in which Jesus will rule FOR Yahweh while Yahweh RESTS IN that SEVENTH day.

4. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.

5. And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make ALL things NEW. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are TRUE and faithful.


The TRUTH of the matter is that Yahweh is NOT finished WORKING on YOU yet. Yahweh has NEVER taken a day off and he will NOT REST UNTIL HIS SEVENTH 1000 year long DAY of rest while his Son Jesus rules and reigns FOR him.

So then, some Christians have been misled to wrongly believe that God has ALREADY rested ON the seventh day of a LITERAL creation WEEK having seven 24 hour days.

Let us now read a LITERAL word for word translation of Genesis 2:1-3 where we can clearly see that God's creation ARE BEING FINISHED and that God IS CEASING from his work IN the SEVENTH day, and NOT that God has ALREADY RESTED ON the seventh day of creation. Think this through for yourself. What kind of an example for us would it be for God to just rest ONE day and then command us to rest EVERY Saturday for all eternity. The TRUTH of the matter is that HIS seventh day of rest is YET in the FUTURE and God has NOT YET RESTED.


Genesis 2:1-3 from a Literal translation.


And they ARE BEING finished the heaven and the earth and all the host of them.

2. And Elohim he IS FINISHING IN the day the SEVENTH the work of him which he did and he IS CEASING IN day the SEVENTH from all the work of him which he did.

3. And he is blessing Elohim day of SEVENTH and he IS MAKING holy HIM that IN HIM (speaking of his SON Jesus) has CEASED from all work of HIM which HE (Yahweh) created (HIM his SON Jesus) to to do of (or for work that Yahweh gave his Son to accomplish on the cross).”


Genesis 2:1-3 is actually a PROPHECY of Jesus accomplishing the task of OBEYING all the WILL of his God and Father even to suffer and die on the cross for our sins. The Sabbath was given to the children of Israel to keep throughout THEIR generation as a SIGN point to the TRUE Sabbath which is Jesus the Messiah.

WE are Yahweh's WORK of his NEW CREATION that his Son Jesus WILL be FINISHING IN the SEVENTH 1000 year long DAY of the Lord while Yahweh RESTS IN HIS SEVENTH day.

 God is NOT finished with us YET. We have NOT actually received our NEW immortal glorified bodies of flesh and bone like Has has now. God is STILL YET MAKING us HOLY who are IN HIM, his SON Jesus the Christ, whom Yahweh CREATED to accomplish the task of redeeming mankind. We are yet still being conformed into the image of God's Son Jesus. Yahweh the Father is STILL YET working.

So then, God has NOT YET RESTED IN or during his SEVENTH day. If you read Genesis chapter 1 verses 1-31 you will see that the first SIX days of creation are DESCRIBED as literal 24 hours day by God saying, And the evening and the morning were the FIRST day, the second day, the third day, the fourth day, the fifth day and the sixth day, but in describing the SEVENTH day God does NOT say and in the even and the morning of the seventh day.

That is because the SEVENTH DAY is NOT a LITERAL 24 hour day. God inspired the men of old write it this way so the we would see that Genesis 2:1-3 is a PROPHECY of his SON Jesus as how God will sanctify HIM, his creation, IN or DURING the SEVENTH 1000 year long DAY of the Lord who are IN HIM, his SON Jesus.

You see dear child of God IN the seventh day of the Lord, WE who are already IN Jesus Christ NOW during this present world or age will be COMPLETED IN the world to come, which IS the SEVENTH 1000 year long DAY of Yahweh. But there will ALSO be the remnant of Israel and those left alive of the nations, who will be being sanctified or made holy IN or DURING the SEVENTH 1000 year long day LEARNING about Jesus and the Father. 

ONLY those who are RESTING IN Jesus NOW in this present world will be given eternal life in the world to come. The remnant of Jews and those left of the nations will go into the SEVENTH day in their MORTAL bodies to be TAUGHT of the Lord. In other words, they will learn what WE have already learned that the SCRIPTURES spoke of Jesus and the weekly Sabbath was a SIGN pointing to Jesus the TRUE Sabbath to CEASE from their OWN WORKS of self righteousness.

So the SEVENTH day prophesied in Genesis has NOT YET come. God CEASED from the work he DID during the first six days of creation, but in truth we are still IN the SIXTH day.

A day with the Lord is as a 1000 years and a 1000 years is as a day. So the six DAYS of creation is also a PROPHECY of the days of mankind and we are IN the SIXTH day where the SEVENTH 1000 year long day is quickly approaching.

           The very days of creation themselves are TYPES, SHADOWS and FIGURES of the true yet to come.

            For example God DIVIDED the LIGHT from the DARKNESS on the FIRST day of the week or the FIRST 1000 years.

           And during that FIRST 1000 year day Adam ate from the tree of knowledge his eyes were open to DISCERN between GOOD and EVIL or LIGHT from DARKNESS. All through the Bible LIGHT is a figure of GOOD and DARKNESS is the shadow of EVIL.

           God divided the waters with a firmament on the SECOND day. It did not rain during the first 1000 year day. God changed the way that the ground was watered, when he made it rain for forty days and forty nights at the flood of Noah during the SECOND 1000 year day.

           God divided the waters and made dry ground appear on the THIRD day. During the THIRD 1000 year day God divided the Red sea and made DRY ground appear.

           God made two great lights on the FOURTH day, a greater light by day and a lesser light by night. During the FOURTH 1000 year day God sent two great lights out into the world. The greater light was Jesus and the lesser light was John the baptist.

           God created life in the waters on the FIFTH day. During the FIFTH 1000 year day the Holy Spirit represented by LIVING water was given to all who believe in Jesus.

           God created man on the SIXTH day. At the end of the SIXTH 1000 year day God's NEW creation of IMMORTAL RIGHTEOUS men and women will occur. We are IN the SIXTH day of creation presently.

           God RESTED from all his works IN the SEVENTH day. During the SEVENTH 1000 year day WE, who believe on Jesus NOW in this present world BEFORE the second coming of Jesus will REST with Almighty God the Father form all our labors. The second death will have NO power over US, who are RESTING in Jesus now in this present world CEASING from our OWN WORKS of righteousness to become God's WORKMANSHIP.

           Adam himself was used to make a comparison between the NATURAL and the SPIRITUAL showing us that one day yet in the future that the natural will take upon that divine spiritual nature of immortality.

           So do NOT let any weekly Sabbath keeping Church denomination DECEIVE you dear child of God by saying that the Sabbath day is NOT a type or shadow of our future 1000 year day of REST and the REST we NOW have in Jesus CEASING from our OWN WORKS of righteousness.


Now those of you who are hard core Saturday Sabbath keeping Christians may not accept this truth right away that God has NOT YET rested, because the SEVENTH DAY is yet in the FUTURE, but I believe some of you are indeed seeing this truth.

But again some may still yet argue that God commanded Adam to KEEP the seventh day of each and every week as a day of REST and thus dogmatically demand that all Christians must keep the seventh day of the week by resting because God himself RESTED on the SEVENTH DAY of the creation week.

So then, my question to YOU is WHERE are the scriptures to PROVE your THEORY?

I have shown to you the literal meaning of Genesis 2:1-3 giving your scriptures that prove that God is still yet NOT finished with his NEW creation that he is PRESENTLY STILL yet working on right now during HIS sixth 1000 year long day. So now you show me the scriptures where God commanded Adam to REST on the seventh day of the week.

Now if so be that there were such a scripture, then ALL Saturday Sabbath keeping Christians would be showing it to ALL other Christians as 100 % proof that ALL of God's people RESTED on the seventh day of he week each and every week beginning with Adam.

But since there is NO such scripture, then your teaching that Christians must observe the SEVENTH day of the week is nothing but a THEORY that is NOT proven by SOUND Biblical teaching. 

And this I WILL prove to all, who are truly seeking the TRUTH of the WHOLE word of God and not just man's OPINION based ONLY on verses taken OUT of CONTEXT to TRY and prove that God instituted the Sabbath day in Genesis 2:1-3.


But as you have already seen dear child of God that NO where in Genesis 2:1-3 or any where else in the book of Genesis does Almighty God give Adam or anyone a commandment to REST on the SEVENTH DAY of the week. And we see NO examples of anyone RESTING on the seventh day of the week.

There were only four things or requirements given to Adam and Eve by God and the keeping the seventh day of the week was NOT one of those four things.

Genesis 1:28

And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moves upon the earth.”

Genesis 2:15.

And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.”

Genesis 2:16,17.

And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat:

17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it: for in the day that you eat thereof you shall surely die.”

Genesis 2:19,20.

And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.

20. And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.”


There is NO Biblical evidence of anyone keeping the seventh day of the week in all of Genesis and Exodus UNTIL Exodus chapter 16 where the children of Israel are TAUGHT for the very first time HOW to REST on the seventh day of the week. We we cover this passage of scripture in a moment.


Then in Nehemiah 9:13-15 we see further sound Biblical evidence that the commandment of keeping the Sabbath day was NOT given to anyone except the ONE nation of Israel AT Mount Sinai.

 Nehemiah 9:13-15.

You came down also upon mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, and gave them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments:

14. And made KNOWN unto them YOUR holy Sabbath, and commanded them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses your servant:

15. And gave them bread from heaven for their hunger, and brought forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promised them that they should go in to possess the land which you had sworn to give them.”


And again we see even more sound Biblical evidence that the weekly Sabbath was NOT given until AFTER God brought his people out of bondage in the land of Egypt.

Please read Ezekiel 20:9-12.


But I wrought for my name's sake, that it should not be polluted before the heathen, among whom they were, in whose sight I made myself known unto them, in bringing them forth out of the land of Egypt.

10. Wherefore I caused them to go forth out of the land of Egypt, and brought them into the wilderness.

11. And I gave them my statutes, and shewed them my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them.

12. Moreover ALSO I gave them my Sabbaths, to be a SIGN between me and THEM, that (or SO THAT or IN ORDER THAT) they might KNOW that I am the LORD that SANCTIFY THEM.”


This agrees with Genesis 2:1-3 being a PROPHECY of Jesus where God is prophesying that he is sanctifying or making holy HIM that IN HIM. The first HIM are those who are IN HIM, Jesus Christ, who are being sanctified. Jesus is the SIGN of the NEW covenant and the words of the NEW covenant are written in the NEW Testament that WE may KNOW that it is Yahweh the Father who is sanctifying us IN HIM, IN his Son Jesus. Jesus said to the Jews, you seek eternal life and the SCRIPTURES speak of ME. But the Jews did not BELIEVE the words of their Messiah and were compelling the Gentile Christians that the MUST be circumcise and keep ALL the law of Moses to be saved.


Genesis 2:1-3 from a LITERAL translation.


And they ARE BEING finished the heaven and the earth and all the host of them.

2. And Elohim he IS FINISHING IN the day the SEVENTH the work of him which he did and he IS CEASING IN day the SEVENTH from all the work of him which he did.

3. And he is blessing Elohim day of SEVENTH and he IS MAKING holy HIM that IN HIM (speaking of his SON Jesus) has CEASED from all work of HIM which HE (Yahweh) created (HIM his SON Jesus) to to do of (or for work that Yahweh gave his Son to accomplish on the cross).”



Yahweh is longer working on HIM, his Son Jesus, but God is still working on US conforming us into the image of his Son Jesus. And IN the seventh day Yahweh WILL rest while Jesus rules and reigns FOR Yahweh to finish his NEW creation showing Israel and those left alive of the nations WHO the invisible God the Father to be the one TRUE God.

One of the best scriptural evidence found in the Old Testament is Yahweh's PROPHECY his promise of making his NEW COVENANT with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, which is found in Jeremiah 31:31-33.


Behold, the days come, says the LORD, that I will make a NEW COVENANT with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

32. NOT ACCORDING TO covenant that I made with their fathers IN the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, says the LORD:

33. But this SHALL BE the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, says the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.”



Sabbath keeping Christians also use Genesis 26:5 to try and prove, that since Abraham kept the COMMANDMENTS of God, then this proves that the ten commandments INCLUDING the seventh day Sabbath was given BEFORE Mount Sinai, because Abraham was BEFORE the law and Abraham kept the COMMANDMENTS of God.

Let us read Genesis 26:5 ALONE and OUT of CONTEXT first and then we will read it being LEFT IN it's CONTEXT.

Genesis 26:5

Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.”


Now on the surface this one lone verse appears to be saying that Abraham himself kept God's charge, God's commandments, God's statues, and God's laws.

But when we keep this verse in the CONTEXT of where it is found we can see that it was the SEED of Abraham, who KEPT God's charge, God's commandments, God's statutes, and God's law.


Genesis 26:1-5


And there was a famine in the land, beside the first famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went unto Abimelech king of the Philistines unto Gerar.

2. And the LORD appeared unto him, and said, Go not down into Egypt; dwell in the land which I shall tell you of:

3. Sojourn in this land, and I will be with you, and will bless you; for unto you, and unto your seed, I will give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I swore unto Abraham your father; (and in verse 4 we see the oath that God promised to Abraham to perform)

4. And I will make your SEED to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto your SEED all these countries; and in your SEED shall all the nations of the earth be blessed;(WHY? Why will God perform his oath to Abraham's SEED?)

5. BECAUSE that Abraham obeyed MY VOICE, (to offer up HIS only begotten son to ME) and (his SEED speaking of Jesus) kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.”


Now let us read Genesis 26:5 from a LITERAL translation.


In as much as Abraham he listened to voice of me, AND he (Abraham's SEED speaking of Jesus) IS KEEPING charge of me, (IS KEEPING) instructions or commandments of me, (IS KEEPING) statutes of me, and (IS KEEPING) laws of me.”


All nations shall be blessed NOT because Abraham or Isaac kept the commandments of God, but rather BECAUSE the SEED of Abraham speaking of Jesus kept ALL that Yahweh instructed him to do. Jesus obeyed ALL the will of God even to suffer and die on the cross for the sins of the world. The scriptures speak of Jesus.


But the best of the best sound scriptural evidence found in the Old Testament is Deuteronomy


Deuteronomy 5:1-22.


       “And Moses called all  ISRAEL(WHO did Moses CALL? Just read the word written. Moses called all of ISRAEL and NOT that Moses called ALL of MANKIND, but rather the word of TRUTH plainly states that Moses called all of ISRAEL) and said unto THEM, Hear, O ISRAEL, the statutes and judgments which I speak in YOUR ears THIS day, that you may LEARN them, and keep, and do them. (Here we clearly see that there was a time when NONE of Israel  were ever commanded, instructed, taught or even suggested to keep the Sabbath day, the seventh day of the week. We see from this passage of scripture that the keeping of the Sabbath day was given only to the children of ISRAEL upon a certain day in time at a certain place called mount Horeb or mount Sinai.

           Also we know and understand from the New Testament that the law of God was ADDED, because of transgression. And that the law was ADDED only for a TIME, until the PROMISE of the SEED came. We will go deeper in God's word further on in this study showing you those scriptures, but for now I just want to point out some very basic FACTS plainly stated  in God's word of TRUTH in the OLD Testament that do NOT need to be INTERPRETED to know and understand what they mean.

           In other words, the word of TRUTH states as FACT with NO interpretation needed that God gave the Sabbath day to the CHILDREN of ISRAEL  for THEM   to keep throughout THEIR generations as a SIGN that THEY were in COVENANT relationship which God made with THEM   for the very FIRST time, which God had NOT made with ANY of their FATHER'S of the children of Israel before this time on mount Horeb. To say this another way, I want you to see for yourself directly from God's word of TRUTH that God made NOT THIS covenant with Adam, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob of ANY of mankind BEFORE this time when God made THIS covenant with the children of ISRAEL for THEM to keep throughout THEIR generations.)

        2. The LORD our God made a covenant with US in Horeb.

        3. The LORD made NOT THIS COVENANT with our fathers, BUT with US, even US, who are all of US here ALIVE THIS day. (How can it get any clearer than this dear child of God? God is specifically stating as fact with absolutely NO interpretation needed for anyone with eyes to see and ears to hear that THIS COVENANT of observing the Sabbath as a SIGN of keeping THIS COVENANT was made between God and the children of ISRAEL, who were ALIVE and HEARD the voice of God in mount Sinai or mount Horeb from out of the midst of fire, and that the Sabbath of resting on the SEVENTH day of the WEEK was NOT made with ANY of the FATHERS of Israel, whom we know to be Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

           So this one verse alone should prove beyond any shadow of a doubt that God did NOT command, instruct, teach, or even suggest to Adam or any other human being to REST on the SEVENTH day of the week BEFORE this TIME, when God made this COVENANT with the children of ISRAEL ALONE in the TIME of MOSES.)

        4 . The LORD talked with YOU face to face in the mount out of the midst of the fire,

        5. (I stood between the LORD and you at that TIME, to show you the word of the LORD: for you were afraid by reason of the fire, and went not up into the mount;) saying,

        6. I am the LORD your God, which brought you OUT of the land of Egypt, from the house of BONDAGE.         (The very reason of WHY God gave the children of ISRAEL the Sabbath day was for them to REST or CEASE from their OWN WORKS, AND for them to know WHY they were GIVEN this REST of CEASING from their OWN WORKS from God. Yahweh wanted them to KNOW that the Sabbath was a SIGN of the COVENANT. between the children of Israel and God and for them to REMEMBER that it was HE who gave them REST. Yahweh wanted them to KNOW that he ALONE is the ONE TRUE God, who DELIVERED them from the BONDAGE of SLAVERY in the land of Egypt. God says REMEMBER the Sabbath or REMEMBER the REST that I GIVE to you. Remember that it was I the Lord your God, who delivered you out of the bondage of slavery and gave you REST.

           Yes the SEVENTH day has SIGNIFICANCE, but the main purpose of the Sabbath REST was for a SIGN to ISRAEL for them to REMEMBER back when they were once in BONDAGE of SLAVERY to WORK and how God SET them FREE and gave them REST.

           This FREEDOM from BONDAGE of slavery to REST was a SIGN or a SHADOW pointing to Jesus their TRUE REST, who would deliver them and set them free from the BONDAGE of SIN. THEY had the physical SIGN of RESTING in or under the OLD COVENANT pointing to the TRUE spiritual SIGN of RESTING IN Jesus under the NEW COVENANT making it possible to be in a covenant relationship with God. Under the OLD covenant Israel was given physical REST pointing to the TRUE SPIRITUAL REST we have in Jesus.)

        7. You shall have none other gods before me.

        8. You shall not make you any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters beneath the earth:

        9. You shall not bow down yourself unto them, nor serve them: for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me,

        10. And showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments. (Now verse 10 here in the LITERAL translation is one of the KEYS to understanding that the OBSERVING of Sabbath was a SHADOW pointing to Jesus, the SON OF the living God, Yahweh. Here is the LITERAL translation of verse 10. and doing kindness to THOUSANDS to ones LOVING me and ones observing INSTRUCTIONS of HIM instructions of ME.” Here we see TWO persons or TWO beings where the one is obeying the instructions, teachings or commandments of HIM, who is obeying the instructions, the teachings or the commandment of the WILL of ME, speaking of Yahweh, the one true God. The HIM is a hidden prophecy of the first coming of JESUS, the bread of heaven, or the TEACHINGS of God come down from heaven.

           The teachings, the doctrine, the instructions, the commandments, the words of HIM, speaking of God's SON, Jesus, are the very self same INSTRUCTIONS of Yahweh, the God and Father OF Jesus. So when God's chosen people ISRAEL took the Lord's NAME in VAIN by REJECTING the teachings of HIM, speaking of the teachings of Jesus, they were in fact rejecting the teachings and the WILL of Yahweh himself, who APPOINTED or COMMISSIONED his SON Jesus to become the salvation OF Yahweh to save the people from their BONDAGE of this world's system of SIN.

           Thus Yahweh did not CHANGE anything, but merely DID what he said he would do, or FULFILLED what he prophesied in his word that he would do. So then, when Israel rejected Yahweh's so great a salvation, God then turned to THOUSANDS of Gentiles, who would NOT take his NAME in VAIN by NOT rejecting the instructions of HIM, which he gave to his SON Jesus to give to his disciple, who gave these same words of Jesus to US. Some Jews and many Gentiles heard God's word being mixed with FAITH to BELIEVE that Jesus was CLEAN, a sinless man, a man APPOINTED by God to DELIVER all, who then believe and obey the INSTRUCTIONS or teachings of HIM, speaking of God's SON Jesus to be set free from the bondage of SIN.

           Jesus is NOW our SIGN of KEEPING the NEW COVENANT. Jesus has become our Sabbath REST where we REST in Jesus as our Savior, whom God commissioned to do all his will even to die on the cross for the sins of the world, by CEASING form our OWN WORKS of righteousness to become Yahweh's WORKMANSHIP to conform us to the IMAGE of his Son Jesus.

        11. You shall not take the NAME of the LORD your God in VAIN (or take the NAME of the Lord in futility having no effectiveness, or not producing what the NAME of Yahweh was intended to bring about. ONLY those of us, who BELIEVE on the NAME of the Lord, the ONLY NAME given among men whereby we MUST be saved, shall be saved and NOT perish): for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that takes his NAME in VAIN(Taking God's NAME in VAIN means NOT BELIEVING on the NAME of the Lord. WHO is it that was GIVEN the NAME of the Lord? The NAME Jesus means Yahweh saves or the salvation OF Yahweh. Blessed is HE who comes in the NAME OF Yahweh. And many of Israel took the ONLY NAME given among men whereby we MUST be saved in VAIN by NOT BELIEVING on the NAME of Yahweh, which was GIVEN to his SON Jesus. The Sabbath was a SIGN pointing to the MESSIAH and most of the Jews took his NAME in VAIN by NOT believing the Jesus was their Messiah and CONTINUED in the OWN WORKS to try and establish their OWN righteousness. Either we do things Yahweh's way or we take his NAME in VAIN. Trying to keep BOTH the Old covenant and the New covenant at the same time is taking the Lord's NAME in VAIN!)

        12. Keep (or OBSERVE) the Sabbath day to sanctify it (or sanctify HIM), as the LORD your God has commanded (or has instructed) YOU. ( God is speaking to the CHILDREN of ISRAEL. The LITERAL translation reads to OBSERVE the Sabbath day to to HALLOW HIM as Yahweh your Elohim has INSTRUCTED you.” Again the HIM here in the literal translation is a hidden prophecy of Jesus whom Israel was being shown to HALLOW or see as God's HOLY ONE, when he came, and to HEAR the words of HIM, the teachings of God's SON Jesus under the NEW covenant. The Sabbath was a SIGN point to Jesus, God's the Holy One. See Psalm 89:19  "Then you (Yahweh) speak in vision to your holy one, and say, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people."

           Now please keep in mind that this one passage of Scripture is not ALL the teachings or the instructions that Yahweh is giving to his people Israel. So we only see part of the hidden prophecy here in these verses PROPHESYING of HIM, referring to Jesus, being the TRUE REST, which is being foretold here to come, who Israel was to be WATCHING for or OBSERVING for to come by observing the Sabbath REST to remember their DELIVERER from bondage.

           The word keep or observe means to watch closely, to guard, to protect, to watch circumspectly. God hides things in his word for us to OBSERVE or to WATCH for in order to understand their PROPHESIED meaning of the TRUE which was to come.

            In verse 15 God restates this instruction of observing the Sabbath REST as to REMEMBER  the Sabbath REST and to REMEMBER WHY God instructed them to REST and CEASE from their OWN WORKS on the seventh day. So then, the thing that God wants the children of Israel to OBSERVE is that HE gave them REST from the BONDAGE they were under in the land of Egypt to give them REST, which was a SIGN pointing to their TRUE REST, their MESSIAH.

           Now this does not mean that the seventh day in not significant. This PATTERN of SIX, then comes the SEVENTH is repeated in the book of Revelation pointing to the DAY of the Lord, which is the SEVENTH 1000 year long DAY of the Lord, in which the ARM of Yahweh will rule and reign FOR Yahweh for 1000 years or during the SEVENTH day. WHILE Yahweh RESTS IN the SEVENTH 1000 year long DAY of the Lord, HIS Sabbath.

           But the main point is that God wanted ISRAEL to REMEMBER their BONDAGE in Egypt and how HE ALONE SET them FREE from the BONDAGE of WORK for them to REST physically, so that they would be perceiving or OBSERVING their true spiritual REST in HIM, who was prophesied to come as their DELIVERER or Messiah to given them SPIRITUAL REST to their SOULS.

           The very word Sabbath means REST. Jesus is our DELIVERER from the BONDAGE of SIN and we REST in Jesus as our DELIVERER. Can you not see these parallels between WHY the Sabbath was given to ISRAEL to REMEMBER their DELIVERANCE pointing to Jesus being our DELIVERER in whom we REST IN as our SAVIOR.

           Now if so be that God himself intended for man to place all the focus of the Sabbath, which mean REST, to be placed on the SEVENTH day as opposed to RESTING and having their eyes on Yahweh as their DELIVERER from BONDAGE, then God would have named this day of the week accordingly by calling it the “shebiyi” day, which means the SEVENTH day. This Hebrew word for seventh comes from the root word “shebit”, which means CAPTIVITY, so I agree that there is significance with the seventh day, but the significance of the Sabbath of WHY God gave the children of Israel the Sabbath was a SIGN to CEASE from their OWN WORKS to point to the NEW covenant of CEASING form their OWN WORKS of RIGHTEOUSNESS, that were FILTHY RAGS in the eyes of God.

           But once the Jews, who received Jesus as their Lord and Savior came to UNDERSTAND that Jesus was their Passover LAMB, then they CEASED to keep the Passover feast, because they now understood that it was a SHADOW pointing to the TRUE Passover LAMB being FULFILLED in Jesus. 

           And when the Jews, who received Jesus, UNDERSTOOD that the physical circumcision in the flesh was a SHADOW pointing to Jesus being our TRUE SPIRITUAL circumcision, then they no longer COMPELLED the Gentile Christians to be circumcised in the flesh. 

           And in the same way, when the Jews, who became Christians, UNDERSTOOD that the PHYSICAL keeping of a WEEKLY day of REST was a SHADOW pointing to their TRUE REST, then they no longer kept the SEVENTH DAY of the WEEKLY Sabbath day of REST. The understood that it was a SIGN point Jesus being the NEW SIGN of the NEW covenant IN whom they were to REST.

           The word "Sabbath" means REST. And the physical rest on a DAY of the week was a SIGN, or the SHADOW pointing to our TRUE SPIRITUAL REST, which we have in Jesus where we are RESTING in the TRUTH that Jesus has DELIVERED us from the BONDAGE of SIN.

           Under the LAW of the OLD covenant no one can ever KNOW and have PEACE and TRUE REST that they ARE SAVED. 

           But under the law of FAITH and the law of GRACE we can REST ASSURED that we ARE SAVED and that God is yet working in us where we are HIS workmanship, and NOT our OWN workmanship where we have NO TRUE REST and NO assurance of peace that we are being good ENOUGH to please God to be saved.)

        13. Six days YOU shall labor (or SERVE. The Hebrew word here literally means to be kept in bondage for six days. God is telling us how many days MANKIND will be in bondage to WORK. When Adam sinned he was cast out of the garden of God to WORK by the sweat of his brow. AFTER six day or 6000 years of work, then those OF mankind, who are RESTING IN Jesus will be given REST IN the SEVENTH 1000 year long DAY of the Lord. But those NOT IN Jesus Christ will NOT receive eternal life to rest. The second death has no power on ONLY those who are IN Jesus in the SIX days. So the six days are also a figure or a type), and do all your work: (Now keep in mind that these verses are prophecies referring to the children of ISRAEL and all, who do NOT accept and KEEP the SIGN of God's SPIRITUAL TRUE REST under God's NEW COVENANT, which can ONLY be received or ENTERED INTO by FAITH in his SON Jesus.

           UNBELIEVING ISRAEL will NOT enter into their rest AFTER the SIXTH day has been completed, but will enter into the SEVENTH 1000 year long day of the Lord to WORK and the only feast day that will be kept from year to year during the millennium BY the children of Israel and those left of the nations is the feast of tabernacles.

           But WE, as Christians, who ENTER through the DOOR of our REST the moment we BELIEVE on God's SON Jesus will be granted to eat of the tree of eternal life at the very moment Jesus returns to execute the wrath of God, who will then rule and reign as the ARM of the Lord for Yahweh during the SEVENTH 1000 year day of the Lord. And ONLY we, who are RESTING in Jesus now in this present world as our Lord and Savior, shall rule and reign WITH Jesus over the remnant of Israel and those left of the nation who call upon the NAME of the Lord to be saved.

           A REMNANT of Israel will be saved alive in their mortal bodies to WORK during the seventh day of Yahweh's rest and time of refreshing. We will work also, but we ONLY or we alone shall be given our COMPLETED spiritual rest of ETERNAL LIFE resting assured that the second death will have NO power over US who REMAIN resting in Jesus unto death or unto that great and notable day of our Lord come. We still have REST now in this present world, but we still bear a LIGHT burden. The REST of Jesus is EASY, but it is also called a LIGHT burden, which means we are free from all the ceremonial laws, but we must still yet obey all the MORAL laws of God. And ALL the MORAL laws are written in the NEW Testament under the NEW covenant. 

           Do you think even for a minute that God LEFT OUT something so vital as receiving eternal life from his NEW covenant? The WORDS of the NEW covenant are the words written in the NEW Testament of the Bible. So if you follow the teachings of the NEW Testament to obey THEM then you have Yahweh's PROMISE that you will receive eternal life in the word to come. You do not have to FEAR that the Holy Spirit may have MISSED something forgetting to have the apostles and disciples of Jesus to write down a record of what Jesus taught them to teach to us.)

            14. But the SEVENTH day is the Sabbath OF the LORD your God: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your ox, nor your ass, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger that is within your gates; that your manservant and your maidservant may REST as well as you.

        15. And REMEMBER that you WERE a servant in the land of Egypt (Or REMEMBER that you were ONCE a bond SLAVE in the land of Egypt)AND (REMEMBER ALSO) that the LORD your God brought you OUT thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out ARM: THEREFORE (or for this very reason is WHY) the LORD your God commanded you to KEEP the Sabbath day. (If you do not understand the REASON of WHY God commanded the children of ISRAEL to KEEP the Sabbath day as a day of REST throughout THEIR generations, then you will not understand that the Sabbath day was a SHADOW pointing TO the ARM of the Lord, who was PROPHESIED to come to DELIVER God's people ISRAEL from the BONDAGE and slavery of SIN.

           Again we will expound on this deeper further on in this study of God's word, but for now please know and understand that PROPHECY of Jesus is hidden in this verse and many other verses throughout the Old Testament. In Isaiah 40:10 we learn that the ARM of Yahweh is a prophecy of Jesus DELIVERING mankind from their sin and the LITERAL meaning of “brought out” of the bondage of Egypt is in the PRESENT tense reading that God IS BRINGING his people ISRAEL out of bondage.

           Isaiah 40:10

        "Behold, the Lord GOD will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him."

             

           When Jesus comes again his REWARD will be with him to give to every man ACCORDING to his of her WORKS.

           Please read Revelation 22:1-13.

        "He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.
        12.  And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his WORK shall be.
        13.  I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.
        14.  Blessed are they that DO HIS COMMANDMENTS, that they may have RIGHT to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.
        15.  For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whore mongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loves and makes a lie."

             

           Do you think for one minute that Almighty God Yahweh would have given his Son Jesus something to teach his apostles and disciples that was of Satan the Devil?

           Absolutely not! Jesus ONLY taught what hes was told or show by Yahweh himself to teach us his CHURCH. Jesus said that his doctrine or teaching was NOT his OWN doctrine. Yahweh prophesied that he would raise up a prophet among the people of Israel, which we KNOW is Jesus. And Yahweh commanded in those prophecies for the Children of Israel to hear HIS WORDS, the words of Jesus. Why would God make a NEW covenant if he intended us to keep the OLD covenant.

           Now if so be that the early church kept the OLD covenant as the Jew, then why did the Jews persecute Christians? God DELIVERED his people Israel out of bondage in the land of Egypt. 

           Many Bible scholars agree that “EGYPT” is a type or figure for the world and more precisely speaking of Satan the god of this present world system. God is NOT FINISHED WORKING with his people ISRAEL. God is NOT  RESTING for it is NOT the SEVENTH day of the Lord, which is yet to come.

           Below are the six MORAL laws of God, which are ALL being kept in the NEW covenant by our OBEDIENCE to walk in LOVE toward one another as God's SON Jesus had COMMANDED us to to.

           So by RESTING in the word, teachings, INSTRUCTIONS or COMMANDMENTS of Jesus to OBEY HIS commandments under the NEW covenant, then were ARE indeed keeping ALL the law of God. Jesus is the SIGN of the NEW covenant. Jesus did NOT abolish any of the six following MORAL laws of God.)

        16. Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God has commanded you; that your days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with you, in the land which the LORD your God gives you.

        17. You shall not kill.

        18. Neither shall you commit adultery.

        19. Neither shall you steal.

        20 . Neither shall you bear false witness against your neighbor.

        21. Neither shall you desire your neighbor's wife, neither shall you covet your neighbor's house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is your neighbors.

        22. These words the LORD spoke unto all YOUR assembly IN the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more. And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me.”



           So again, WHO does the Bible ITSELF clearly state that God gave THIS COVENANT, the FIRST covenant or the OLD covenant to, which was given for THEM to keep throughout THEIR generation, and which was NOT given to their FATHERS Abraham, Isaac and Jacob before them?

           If your answer is the children of ISRAEL, then you are reading the Scriptures with your spiritual eyes OPEN.

           But if your answer is ALL of mankind, then you are reading the Scriptures with the eyes of your church DENOMINATION, and you are NOT trusting in the Holy Spirit to lead and guide you into all TRUTH.

           Let us continue. Also as you may have noticed I emphasized the word COVENANT in the verses I quoted above. I did this so that you will see from God's word for yourself that the observing of the Sabbath was a SIGN that the children of ISRAEL we keeping or more precisely IN or UNDER the COVENANT  that God gave to them to keep throughout their generations.

           In other words, the ONE instruction to REST on the SEVENTH day was a SIGN, which God wanted the children of Israel to SEE that this REST was given to them to REMEMBER that is was Yahweh himself, who brought them OUT of the BONDAGE of slavery and that it was HE who gave them REST.

           To say this another way the REASON of WHY this OLD COVENANT was given to the children of Israel was for the children of ISRAEL to see and understand it's TRUE meaning, which was to POINT Israel TO the NEW COVENANT made or established by the shed blood of God's SON Jesus, the MESSIAH. The scriptures spoke of JESUS for all who want to receive eternal life in the world to come.

           In the Words of Jesus ONLY he said to the JEWS that they searched the scriptures, the TORAH, the entire OLD Testament for ETERNAL LIFE and Jesus said the the scriptures spoke of HIM. ALL of the OLD Testament points to the NEW COVENANT established in the shed blood of Jesus the Christ, the Son of the living God.

           John 5:39.

                       "Search the scriptures; for in them you THINK you have eternal life: and they are they which testify of ME."


           So then, you can see dear child of God that the TRUTH will stand with or without the teachings of Paul. In other words, using only the OLD Testament it is clearly seen by anyone with eyes to see that the keeping of the seventh day of the week was a SIGN of the OLD covenant Yahweh made with the Children of Israel for THEM to keep throughout THEIR generations for THEM to see, know and understand that the Sabbath was a SHADOW pointing to Jesus as their TRUE rest and SIGN of the NEW COVENANT between them and God as well as OUR sign referring to Gentile Christians between US and God.

           Now I had intended to include another section in this study cover all the arguments used by some seventh day of the week Saturday Sabbath keeping Christians to try and support their teaching that Paul is a false TEACHER, because Paul's teachings supposedly CONTRADICT the teachings of Jesus, but do ti it's length I decided to make it a separate study called ""DO THE TEACHINGS OF PAUL CONTRADICT JESUS?". Mostly it is only those seventh day Sabbath keeping Christians, who teach that all Christians should keep the all the Law of Moses, who are the ones that are teaching that Paul's teachings contradict Jesus, and some them, but not all of them, hate Paul with a passion even calling Paul, Satan, or that it was Satan, who appeared to Paul and not Jesus, who appeared to Paul. And they say that Paul was the one BLASPHEMY God??? Sounds to me like THEY are they ones speaking blasphemy by saying that it was NOT Jesus, who appeared to Paul on the road to Damascus and that it was Satan himself, who appeared to Paul.

Again please read all the studies linked within this study and all the studies linked below. This study was just the TIP of the iceberg of exposing the ERRORS of interpretation made by the Saturday seventh day of the week Sabbath keeping churches.


"YES CHRISTIANS MUST KEEP THE SABBATH!"

"JESUS IS LORD OF THE SABBATH!"

"MATTHEW 5:17-19 SABBATH TRUTH!"

"MATTHEW 24:20 FUTURE SABBATH KEEPING!"

"SABBATH TRUTH REMEMBER THE SABBATH!"

"REALLY ONLY NINE OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS?"

"MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE 4th COMMANDMENT?"

"SABBATH KEEPING VERSUS SUNDAY WORSHIP?"

"60 ARGUMENTS FOR THE SABBATH!"

"IS JESUS OUR SABBATH REST?"

"THE SABBATH REST IS A SIGN!"

"THE SABBATH, SUNDAY, OR NEITHER DAY?"

"WHAT IS THE TRUE SABBATH?"

"HAS GOD'S LAW BEEN ABOLISHED? (MATTHEW 5:17-19)

"IS SATURDAY THE LORD'S DAY?"

"WAS JESUS RESURRECTED ON SUNDAY?"

"JESUS WORDS ONLY! SABBATH TRUTH!"

"IS PAUL A TRUE APOSTLE OF JESUS?"

"IS THE APOSTLE PAUL A FALSE TEACHER?"

"DO PAUL'S TEACHINGS CONTRADICT JESUS?"

"MUST CHRISTIANS KEEP THE DIETARY LAWS?"

"ACTS 10 PETERS'S VISION OF CLEANSED MEATS?"

"IS THE HEBREWS ROOT MOVEMENT BIBLICAL?"

"119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 1"

"119 MINISTRIES ERRORS PART 2"

"WHO ARE THE TRUE JEWS?"

"ARE BLACK AFRICANS THE TRUE HEBREWS?"

"WHAT IS THE ONE TRUE CHURCH?"


           Thanks for reading. May God bless you richly as you continue to seek the truth of the whole word of God. Below are some quotes from some early church writers which clearly teach us that the early church did not keep the seventh day of the week as the Jews.

           Your Brother in our Lord Jesus Christ,

           Mark.

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Some CLAIM the the early church kept the Sabbath as the Jews, but I assure you that the early first century church were accustomed to gathering together BEFORE the light of day break on the FIRST day of the week that THEY called the Lord's day.

Here is a NON BIAS historical account found in a letter from Pliny the Younger to Trojan concerning the Christians.

Pliny was a Roman who persecuted and killed Christians, so again this is a historical NON BIAS account of WHEN Christians gathered together.

Here is what Pliny says in his letter to Trajan. The EMPHASIS and comments are mine:


That they were WONT (or as they were ACCUSTOMED and USED to do, or in the HABIT of doing)on a STATED day (or on a CERTAIN preset day)to meet together BEFORE IT WAS LIGHT, and to sing a hymn to Christ, as to a god, alternately; and to oblige themselves by a sacrament [or oath], not to do anything that was ill: but that they would commit no theft, or pilfering, or adultery; that they would not break their promises, or deny what was deposited with them, when it was required back again; after which it was their CUSTOM to depart, AND to meet AGAIN at a common but innocent meal,(so after the hard worship service early morning beginning before day light they would depart and they come back together later that same to to share a common simple meal together, and most likely break bread together as other early church writers give more detail) which they had left off upon that edict which I published at your command, and wherein I had forbidden any such conventicles (or religious meetings).”


          Below are some quotes of early church writers that clearly teach us that the early church did NOT keep the Sabbath day, as in, on SATURDAY, the 7th day of the week, but rather the early church throughout history from it's beginning worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, which is sometimes referred to as the EIGHTH day of the week or the day AFTER the Sabbath day, or the LORD'S DAY. 

(The emphasis is mine in these quotes given below):


The date is given first and the source is given at the end.

Quote number #:

#1. 90 AD DIDACHE:


"Christian Assembly on the Lord's Day:

1. But every Lord's day do ye gather yourselves together, and break bread, and give thanksgiving after having confessed your transgressions, that your sacrifice may be pure.

2. But let no one that is at variance with his fellow come together with you, until they be reconciled, that your sacrifice may not be profaned.

3. For this is that which was spoken by the Lord: In every place and time offer to me a pure sacrifice; for I am a great King, saith the Lord, and my name is wonderful among the nations." (Didache: The Teaching of the Twelve Apostles, Chapter XIV)


#2. 100 AD BARNABAS:


"We keep the eighth day [Sunday] with joyfulness, the day also on which Jesus rose again from the dead" (The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD 15:6-8).


#3. 100 AD BARNABAS:


Moreover God says to the Jews, 'Your new moons and Sabbaths I cannot endure.' You see how he says, 'The present Sabbaths are not acceptable to me, but the Sabbath which I have made in which, when I have rested [heaven: Heb 4] from all things, I will make the beginning of the eighth day which is the beginning of another world.' Wherefore we Christians keep the eighth day for joy, on which also Jesus arose from the dead and when he appeared ascended into heaven. (15:8f, The Epistle of Barnabas, 100 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers , vol. 1, pg. 147)


#4. 110 AD Pliny:


They were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a god, and bound themselves by a solemn oath not to (do) any wicked deeds, never to commit any fraud, theft, or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up; after which it was their custom to separate, and then reassemble to partake of good food—but food of an ordinary and innocent kind. (About three years after the death of Ignatius in 250, an important official communication was sent from one Pliny to Trajan the Roman emperor. Pliny, the Roman governor of Bithynia, wrote of the Christians who had been congregating there probably from at least A.D. 62 onwards. In this remarkable it is explicitly stated that these early Christians observed the substance of most of the Ten Commandments, and it is implied that they observed all ten as far as they were able to do so. As far as they were able, for as most of the early Christians were of slave stock or from other lower classes'-, and those who had heathen masters or employers—the vast majority—would be forced to work on THEIR day of rest, which was unfortunately an official working day throughout the empires' until Constantine's "Sabbath" Edict in 321 A.D. gave them some measure of public protection. Hence one reads that after meeting "on a certain FIXED day before it was light", the first century Bithynian Christians had "to separate"—many of them having to labour for their masters and/or employers from dawn to dusk—"and then reassemble to partake of . . . food". The "certain fixed day" [stato die"'] on which the Christians met, is regarded by Seventh-day Adventists as Saturday'-. Certainly the expression would seem to indicate a regular day of meeting, probably each week. But Sunday is FAR more likely to have been the "certain fixed day" than Saturday. For if Pliny had been referring to the old Saturday Sabbath, as a Roman he would doubtless have referred to the "later" meeting first and only then to the morning meeting on the day after the "certain fixed day", seeing that the old Saturday Sabbath was demarcated from the evening of one day to the evening of the following day. But Pliny makes no such reference. Instead, he mentions that the pre-dawn meeting took place first—and only after wards the later meeting; and that both meetings took place on the SAME "certain fixed day". This rather points to the Roman (and—more importantly!—New Testament) midnight to midnight demarcation of modern Sunday-keepers than to the evening to evening demarcation of the Jews and the Seventh-day Adventists. (The Covenantial Sabbath, Francis Nigel Lee, Pg 242)


          Also I myself will further add to the comment of the writer above that mere common sense plainly teaches us that Pliny was clearly speaking of SUNDAY, because the LAW that Constantine passed was not to mandate work on SUNDAY so that these Christians could worship God on SUNDAY. So the CLAIM by the Seventh Day Advent church that the fixed day of worship for Christians was a Saturday is FALSE. Other wise Constantine would have made it a law the employers allowed Christians off for work on a Saturday rather than on a Sunday. 

          This PROVES beyond any shadow of a doubt that the Christians were ALREADY worshiping God on SUNDAY the FIRST DAY of the week from the very beginning of the church on the day of Pentecost. The truth of the matter is that Constantine only made it easier for Christians to worship God on Sunday without being persecuted by their employers or owners by passing the EDICT making it a LAW to force heathen employers to let their employees have at least some time off from work so that they could worship God on SUNDAY. 

          Every Sabbath keeper will AGREE that Constantine's "SABBATH" is referring to SUNDAY as the day of the week and NOT as Saturday being the REST for Christians. Again all the Constantine did was to pass a law making it EASIER fro Christian to worship on the DAY that they had ALREADY been worshiping on since the very beginning at the DAY of PENTECOST, which is on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week that Christian called the LORD'S day the day our Lord rose from the grave. 

          Open your EYES dear child of God and read what these early church writings are teaching us about the EARLIEST believers as to which day the early church worshiped God. SUNDAY has ALWAYS been the Sabbath or the day of REST of the early church and the church throughout it's entire history.


#5. 150 AD EPISTLE OF THE APOSTLES:


- I [Christ] have come into being on the eighth day which is the day of the Lord. (18)



#6. 150 AD JUSTIN:


"He then speaks of those Gentiles, namely us, who in every place offer sacrifices to Him, i.e., the bread of the Eucharist, and also the cup of the Eucharist, affirming both that we glorify His name, and that you profane [it]. The command of circumcision, again, bidding [them] always circumcise the children on the eighth day, was a type of the true circumcision, by which we are circumcised from deceit and iniquity through Him who rose from the dead on the first day AFTER the Sabbath, [namely through] our Lord Jesus Christ. For the first day after the Sabbath, remaining the first of all the days, is called, however, the eighth, according to the number of all the days of the cycle, and [yet] remains the first.". (Justin, Dialogue 41:4)


#7. 150 AD JUSTIN:


...those who have persecuted and do persecute Christ, if they do not repent, shall not inherit anything on the holy mountain. But the Gentiles, who have believed on Him, and have repented of the sins which they have committed, they shall receive the inheritance along with the patriarchs and the prophets, and the just men who are descended from Jacob, even although theyneither keep the Sabbath, nor are circumcised, nor observe the feasts. Assuredly they shall receive the holy inheritance of God. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers , vol. 1, page 207)


#8. 150 AD JUSTIN:


But if we do not admit this, we shall be liable to fall into foolish opinion, as if it were not the same God who existed in the times of Enoch and all the rest, who neither were circumcised after the flesh, nor observed Sabbaths, nor any other rites, seeing that Moses enjoined such observances... For if there was no need of circumcision before Abraham, or of the observance of Sabbaths, of feasts and sacrifices, before Moses; no more need is there of them now, after that, according to the will of God, Jesus Christ the Son of God has been born without sin, of a virgin sprung from the stock of Abraham. (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers , vol. 1, page 206)


#9. 150 AD JUSTIN:


Moreover, all those righteous men already mentioned [after mentioning Adam. Abel, Enoch, Lot, Noah, Melchizedek, and Abraham], though they kept no Sabbaths, were pleasing to God; and after them Abraham with all his descendants until Moses... And you [fleshly Jews] were commanded to keep Sabbaths, that you might retain the memorial of God. For His word makes this announcement, saying, "That you may know that I am God who redeemed you." (Dialogue With Trypho the Jew, 150-165 AD, Ante-Nicene Fathers , vol. 1, page 204)


#10. 150 AD JUSTIN:


There is no other thing for which you blame us, my friends, is there than this? That we do not live according to the Law, nor, are we circumcised in the flesh as your forefathers, nor do we observe the Sabbath as you do. (Dialogue with Trypho 10:1. In verse 3 the Jew Trypho acknowledges that Christians 'do not keep the Sabbath.')


#11. 155 AD Justin Martyr:


"[W]e too would observe the fleshly circumcision, and the Sabbaths, and in short all the feasts, if we did not know for what REASON they were enjoined [on] you--namely, on account of your transgressions and the hardness of your heart. . . . [H]ow is it, Trypho, that we would not observethose rites which do  not harm us--I speak of fleshly circumcision AND Sabbaths AND feasts? . . . God enjoined you [Jews] to keep the Sabbath,and impose on you other precepts for a sign, as I have already said, on account of your unrighteousness and that of your fathers" (Dialogue with Trypho the Jew 18, 21).


#12. 180 AD ACTS OF PETER:


Paul had often contended with the Jewish teachers and had confuted them, saying 'it is Christ on whom your fathers laid hands. He abolished their Sabbath and fasts and festivals and circumcision.' (1: I)-2


#13. 180 AD GOSPEL OF PETER:


Early in the morning when (the Sabbath dawned, a multitude from Jerusalem and the surrounding country came to see the scaled sepulchre. In the night in which the Lord's day dawned, while the soldiers in pairs for each watch were keeping guard, a great voice came from heaven. [There follows an account of the resurrection. Early in the morning of the Lord's day Mary Magdalene, a disciple of the Lord .... came to the sepulchre. (9:34f.; 12:50f.)


#14. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:


(in commenting on each of the Ten Commandments and their Christian meaning:) The seventh day is proclaimed a day of rest, PREPARING by abstention from evil FOR the Primal day, our TRUE rest. (Ibid. VII. xvi. 138.1)


          I will add that the meaning of the word "Primal" means an "ARCHETYPAL", which means an original TYPE pointing to the TRUE. So this early church writer is saying what Paul teaches us in scripture that the things in the OLD Testament are TYPES and SHADOWS or the TRUE which was to come. Jesus became our SABBATH, and we have entered into our REST being in Jesus Christ. The SABBATH was an ARCHETYPAL pointing toward our TRUE REST which was to come being FULFILLED in the ATONEMENT of Jesus.


#15. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:


He does the commandment according to the Gospel and keeps the Lord's day, whenever he puts away an evil mind . . . glorifying the Lord's resurrection in himself. (Ibid. Vii.xii.76.4)


#16. 190 AD CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA:


Plato prophetically speaks of the Lord's day in the tenth book of the Republic, in these words: 'And when seven days have passed to each of them in the meadow, on the eighth they must go on." (Miscellanies V.xiv.106.2)


#17. 200 AD BARDESANES:


Wherever we are, we are all called after the one name of Christ Christians. On one day, the first of the week, we assemble ourselves together (On Fate)


#18. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


"We solemnize the day AFTER Saturday in contradistinction to those who call this day their Sabbath" (Tertullian's Apology, Ch 16)


          In other words, Tertullian is saying that we Christians DISTINGUISH us from the JEWS who hold Saturday as THEIR Sabbath by solemnizing or reverencing the day AFTER Saturday as our day of worship and rest.


#19. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


It follows, accordingly, that, in so far as the abolition of carnal circumcision and of the old law is demonstrated as having been consummated at its specific times, so ALSO the observance of the Sabbath is demonstrated to have been temporary. (An Answer to the Jews 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 155)



#20. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


Let him who contends that the Sabbath is still to be observed a balm of salvation, and circumcision on the eighth day because of threat of death, teach us that in earliest times righteous men kept Sabbath or practiced circumcision, and so were made friends of God. .. ...Therefore, since God originated Adam uncircumcised, and inobservant of the Sabbath, consequently his offspring also, Abel, offering Him sacrifices, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was by Him commended... Noah also, uncircumcised - yes, and inobservant of the Sabbath - God freed from the deluge. For Enoch, too, most righteous man, uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, He translated from this world... Melchizedek also, "the priest of most high God," uncircumcised and inobservant of the Sabbath, was chosen to the priesthood of God. (An Answer to the Jews 2:10; 4:1, Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol. 3, page 153)


#21. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


Others . . . suppose that the sun is the god of the Christians, because it is well-known that we regard Sunday as a day of joy. (To the Nations 1: 133)


          Keep in mind that this was well BEFORE Constantine SUPPOSEDLY CHANGED the day of rest and worship to SUNday as the Seventh Day Adventist church CLAIMS. But it TRUTH Christians had ALREADY been worshiping God on SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week that they also called the LORD'S day, the day that our Lord and savior Jesus rose from the dead. 

          So as early as Tertullian in 200 AD there were groups of JEWS and Christian JEWS who ASSUMED or who SUPPOSED, or who FALSELY ACCUSED Christians for worshiping God on SUNDAY that they were worshiping a sun god and not the true God.


#22. 200 AD TERTULLIAN:


To us Sabbaths are foreign. (On Idolatry, 14:6)4


#23. 220 AD ORIGEN:


"On Sunday none of the actions of the world should be done. If then, you abstain from all the works of this world and keep yourselves free for spiritual things, go to church, listen to the readings and divine homilies, meditate on heavenly things. (Homil. 23 in Numeros 4, PG 12:749)


#24. 220 AD Origen:


"Hence it is not possible that the [day of] rest after the Sabbath should have come into existence from the seventh [day] of our God. On the contrary, it is our Savior who, after the pattern of his own rest, caused us to be made in the likeness of his death, and hence also of his resurrection" (Commentary on John 2:28).


#25. 225 AD The Didascalia:


"The apostles further appointedOn the first day of the week let there be service, and the reading of the Holy Scriptures, and the oblation, because on the first day of the week our Lord rose from the place of the dead, and on the first day of the week he arose upon the world, and on the first day of the week he ascended up to heaven, and on the first day of the week he will appear at last with the angels of heaven" (Didascalia 2).


          And I add further that the church BEGAN on the day of Pentecost on a SUNDAY, the FIRST day of the week. The early church evidence and the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible make it quite clear that the early church worshiped God on SUNDAY the FIRST day of the week, called the LORD'S day and that they did NOT KEEP the Sabbath day as the JEWS.



#26. 250 AD CYPRIAN:


The eight day, that is, the first day after the Sabbath, and the Lord's Day." (Epistle 58, Sec 4)


#27. 250 AD IGNATIUS:


"If, therefore, those who were brought up in the ancient order of things have come to the possession of a new hope, no longer observing the Sabbath, but living in the observance of the Lord's Day, on which also our life has sprung up again by Him and by His death-whom some deny, by which mystery we have obtained faith, and therefore endure, that we may be found the disciples of Jesus Christ, our only Master-how shall we be able to live apart from Him, whose disciples the prophets themselves in the Spirit did wait for Him as their Teacher? And therefore He whom they rightly waited for, being come, raised them from the dead. If, then, those who were conversant with the ancient Scriptures came to newness of hope, expecting the coming of Christ, as the Lord teaches us when He says, "If ye had believed Moses, ye would have believed Me, for he wrote of Me; " and again, "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it, and was glad; for before Abraham was, I am; " how shall we be able to live without Him? The prophets were His servants, and foresaw Him by the Spirit, and waited for Him as their Teacher, and expected Him as their Lord and Saviour, saying, "He will come and save us." Let us therefore NO longer keep the Sabbath after the Jewish manner, and rejoice in days of idleness; for "he that does not work, let him not eat." For say the [holy] oracles, "In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat thy bread." But let every one of you keep the Sabbath after a spiritual manner, rejoicing in meditation on the law, NOT in relaxation of the body, admiring the workmanship of God, and not eating things prepared the day before, nor using lukewarm drinks, and walking within a prescribed space, nor finding delight in dancing and plaudits which have no sense in them. And after the observance of the Sabbath, let every friend of Christ keep the Lord's Day as a festival, the resurrection-day, the queen and chief of all the days [of the week].Looking forward to this, the prophet declared, "To the end, for the eighth day," on which our life both sprang up again, and the victory over death was obtained in Christ, whom the children of perdition, the enemies of the Saviour, deny, "whose god is their belly, who mind earthly things," who are "lovers of pleasure, and not lovers of God, having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof." These make merchandise of Christ, corrupting His word, and giving up Jesus to sale: they are corrupters of women, and covetous of other men's possessions, swallowing up wealth insatiably; from whom may ye be delivered by the mercy of God through our Lord Jesus Christ! (Epistle of Ignatius to the Magnesians, Chapter IX)


#28. 250 AD IGNATIUS:


"On the day of the preparation, then, at the third hour, He received the sentence from Pilate, the Father permitting that to happen; at the sixth hour He was crucified; at the ninth hour He gave up the ghost; and before sunset He was buried. During the Sabbath He continued under the earth in the tomb in which Joseph of Arimathaea had laid Him. At the dawning of the Lord's day He arose from the dead, according to what was spoken by Himself, "As Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of man also be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. "The day of the preparation, then, comprises the passion; the Sabbath embraces the burial; the Lord's Day contains the resurrection." (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians, chapter 9)


#29. 250 AD IGNATIUS:


If any one fasts on the Lord's Day or on the Sabbath, except on the paschal Sabbath only, he is a murderer of Christ. (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Philippians, chapter 8)



#30. 250 AD IGNATIUS:


"This [custom], of not bending the knee upon Sunday, is a symbol of the resurrection, through which we have been set free, by the grace of Christ, from sins, and from death, which has been put to death under Him. Now this custom took its rise from apostolic times, as the blessed Irenaeus, the martyr and bishop of Lyons, declares in his treatise On Easter, in which he makes mention of Pentecost also; upon which [feast] we do not bend the knee, because it is of equal significance with the Lord's day, for the reason already alleged concerning it." (Ignatius, Fragments)



#31. 300 AD Victorinus:


"The sixth day [Friday] is called parasceve, that is to say, the preparation of the kingdom. . . . On this day also, on account of the passion of the Lord Jesus Christ, we make either a station to God or a fast. On the seventh day he rested from all his works, and blessed it, and sanctified it. On the former day we are accustomed to fast rigorously, that on the Lord's day we may go forth to our bread with giving of thanks. And let the parasceve become a rigorous fast, lest we should APPEAR to observe ANY Sabbath with the Jews . . . which Sabbath he [Christ] in his body ABOLISHED" (The Creation of the World).



#32. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:


"They did not, therefore, regard circumcision, NOR observe the Sabbath NEITHER do we; ... because such things as these do NOT belong to Christians" (Ecc. Hist., Book 1, Ch. 4)



#33. 300 AD EUSEBIUS:


[The Ebionites] were accustomed to observe the Sabbath and other Jewish customs but on the Lord's days to celebrate the same practices as we in remembrance of the resurrection of the Savior. (Church History Ill.xxvii.5)

I will also add that the Ebionites were Christians who were seduced by the Jews to keep the Jewish customs. In other words, the Ebionites were Judanized Christians. The Ebionites also taught the need to be circumcised in the flesh in order to be saved. Some today would not even consider Ebionites as being true Christians since they went back to trusting the law of Moses to be saved.



#34. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:


"They [the pre- Mosaic saints of the Old Testament] did not care about circumcision of the body, neither do we [Christians]. They did not care about observing Sabbaths, nor do we. They did not avoid certain kinds of food, neither did they regard the other distinctions which Moses first delivered to their posterity to be observed as symbolsnor do Christians of the present day do such things" (Church History 1:4:8).



#35. 300 AD Eusebius of Caesarea:


"The day of his [Christ's] light . . . was the day of his resurrection from the dead, which they say, as being the one and only truly holy day and the Lord's day, is better than any number of days as we ordinarily understand them, and better than the days set apart by the Mosaic Law for feasts, new moons, and Sabbaths, which the Apostle [Paul] teaches are the shadow of days and not days in reality" (Proof of the Gospel 4:16:186).



#36. 345 AD Athanasius:


"The Sabbath was the end of the first creation, the Lord's day was the beginning of the second, in which he renewed and restored the old in the same way as he prescribed that they should formerly observe the Sabbath as a memorial of the end of the first things, so we honor the Lord's day as being the memorial of the new creation" (On Sabbath and Circumcision 3).


#37. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:


Be not careless of yourselves, neither deprive your Saviour of His own members, neither divide His body nor disperse His members, neither prefer the occasions of this life to the word of God; but assemble yourselves together every day, morning and evening, singing psalms and praying in the Lord's house: in the morning saying the sixty-second Psalm, and in the evening the hundred and fortieth, but principally on the Sabbath-day. And on the day of our Lord's resurrection, which is the Lord's day, meet more diligently, sending praise to God that made the universe by Jesus, and sent Him to us, and condescended to let Him suffer, and raised Him from the dead. Otherwise what apology will he make to God who does not assemble on that day to hear the saving word concerning the resurrection, on which we pray thrice standing in memory of Him who arose in three days, in which is performed the reading of the prophets, the preaching of the Gospel, the oblation of the sacrifice, the gift of the holy food? (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 2)


#38. 350 AD APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS:


"How We Ought to Assemble Together, and to Celebrate the Festival Day of Our Saviour's Resurrection. On the day of the resurrection of the Lord, that is, the Lord's day, assemble yourselves together, without fail, giving thanks to God, and praising Him for those mercies God has bestowed upon you through Christ, and has delivered you from ignorance, error, and bondage, that your sacrifice may be unspotted, and acceptable to God,..." (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles, book 7)


#39. 350 AD Cyril of Jerusalem:


"Fall NOT AWAY either into the sect of the Samaritans or into Judaism, for Jesus Christ has henceforth ransomed you. Stand aloof from ALL observance of Sabbaths and from calling any indifferent meats common or unclean" (Catechetical Lectures 4:37).


#40. 360 AD Council of Laodicea:


"Christians should NOT Judaize and should NOT be idle on the Sabbath, but should work on that day; they should, however, particularly reverence the Lord's day and, if possible, not work on it, because they were Christians" (canon 29).


#41. 387 AD John Chrysostom:


"You have put on Christ, you have become a member of the Lord and been enrolled in the heavenly city, and you still grovel in the Law [of Moses]? How is it possible for you to obtain the kingdom? Listen to Paul's words, that the observance of the Law overthrows the gospel, and learn, if you will, how this comes to pass, and tremble, and shun this pitfallWhy do you keep the Sabbath and fast with the Jews?" (Homilies on Galatians 2:17).


#42. 412 AD Augustine:


"Well, now, I should like to be told what there is in these Ten Commandments, except the observance of the Sabbath, which ought NOT to be kept by a Christian . . . Which of these commandments would anyone say that the Christian ought not to keep? It is possible to contend that it is not the Law which was written on those two tables that the apostle [Paul] describes as 'the letter that kills' [2 Cor. 3:6], but the law of circumcision and the other sacred rites which are now abolished" (The Spirit and the Letter 24).


#43. 597 AD Gregory I:



"But after that the grace of almighty God, our Lord Jesus Christ, has appeared, the commandments of the Law which were spoken figuratively cannot be kept according to the letter. For if anyone says that this about the Sabbath is to be kept, he must needs say that carnal sacrifices are to be offered. He must say too that the commandment about the circumcision of the body is still to be retained. But let him hear the apostle Paul saying in opposition to him: 'If you be circumcised, Christ will profit you nothing' (Gal. 5:2)" (Letters 13:1).