TO DOWNLOAD THIS BIBLE STUDY CLICK LINK HERE :Then click on DOWNLOAD ARROW at top center of page.
HISTORICAL EVIDENCE FOR JESUS
EXTRA BIBLICAL EVIDENCE FOR
THE RESURRECTION OF JESUS
RESURRECTION of JESUS
The purpose of this study in God's word is to give you, the reader and seeker of the truth, the arguments from both sides so that you may be rooted and grounded in your faith. We will look at the reasons some do NOT believe in Jesus nor believe that Jesus was RAISED from the dead one by one followed by reasons WHY I believe the word of TRUTH over the THEORIES and SPECULATIONS of the skeptics.
Argument #1 AGAINST the RESURRECTION of JESUS:
Some argue against the resurrection of Jesus claiming that he was nothing more than a MYTHICAL figure who has no basis in history.
But what do the HISTORICAL FACTS tell us? First I want you to consider the historian Josephus (AD 70-100), who was an early Jewish historian. Some believe or claim that Josephus did NOT believe that Jesus was the promised Messiah, but nonetheless recognized Jesus as being a great teacher and anointed of God. However according to what Josephus wrote about Jesus and said it does indeed reveal the truth that Josephus believed that Jesus was the CHRIST!
Jewish Antiquities 18.3.3 "Now there was about this time Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man, for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure. He drew over to him both many of the Jews, and many of the Gentiles. He was the Christ, and when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men among us, had condemned him to the cross, those that loved him at the first did not forsake him; for he appeared to them alive again the third day; as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him. And the tribe of Christians so named from him are not extinct at this day."
Often people are or become uncertain about the existence of Jesus Christ, because of what they hear from others. But I want you to be assured that very few scholars would disagree that a man named Jesus lived roughly between 6 BC to around 33 AD. HISTORY documents that this man was not a myth but a real person and the historical evidence for this is excellent outside of the Holy Bible. For instance, the Roman historian Tacitus, writing in about 115 A.D., records the events surrounding Emperor Nero in July of A.D. 64. After the fire that destroyed much of Rome, Nero was blamed for being responsible:
Consequently, to get rid of the report, Nero fastened the guilt and inflicted the most exquisite tortures on a class hated for their abominations, called Christians by the populace. Christus [Christ], from whom the name had its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of one of our procurators, Pontius Pilate, and a most mischievous superstition [Christ's resurrection] thus checked for the moment, again broke out not only in Judea, the first source of the evil, but even in Rome, where all things hideous and shameful from every part of the world find their center and become popular. (Bettenson, p. 2)
HISTORY does NOT record FABLES and MYTHS. MANY people called Christians believed and maintained their firm belief in the RESURRECTION of Jesus their Lord and savoir despite the penalty of DEATH for their confession of FAITH in the Son of the living God. The WORLD saw the resurrection as FOOLISHNESS and even as being evil. But the true believers had a witness within them assuring them that they TOO would rise again if they held fast to their FAITH in the SON OF Almighty God who died for their sins and not for their sins only but ALSO for the sins of the WHOLE world that whosoever BELIEVES should not perish, but have eternal life in the world to come.
In about 112 A.D. the Roman governor of what is now northern Turkey wrote to Emperor Trajan regarding the Christians in his district:
"I was never present at any trial of Christians; therefore I do not know what are the customary penalties or investigations, and what limits are observed. . . whether those who recant should be pardoned. . . whether the name itself, even if innocent of crime, should be punished, or only the crimes attaching to that name. . . . Meanwhile, this is the course that I have adopted in the case of those brought before me as Christians. I ask them if they are Christians. If they admit it I repeat the question a second and a third time, threatening capital punishment; if they persist I sentence them to death. For I do not doubt that, whatever kind of crime it may be to which they have confessed, their pertinacity and inflexible obstinacy should certainly be punished. . . the very fact of my dealing with the question led to a wider spread of the charge, and a great variety of cases were brought before me. An anonymous pamphlet was issued, containing many names. All who denied that they were or had been Christians I considered should be discharged, because they called upon the gods at my dictation and did reverence. . .and especially because they cursed Christ, a thing which it is said, genuine Christians cannot be induced to do." (Bettenson, p. 3)
These passages indicate that Christianity was wide spread in the Roman empire within 80 years of Christ's death. Again, these are eyewitness accounts, not historians looking back years later. It seems impossible for anyone to make the claim that Jesus did NOT die on the cross for the sins of the entire world based simply on the HISTORICAL EVIDENCE of so MANY CHRISTIANS who would not deny their Lord and savior even under the threat of death. Clearly Jesus was NOT a MYTH to them who gladly gave their very lives for the TRUTH that the SON OF Almighty God died on the cross and was raised form the dead after three days.
The popular historian Will Durant, himself not a Christian, wrote concerning Christ's historical validity,
"The denial of that existence seems never to have occurred even to the bitterest gentile or Jewish opponents of nascent Christianity" (Durant, The Story of Civilization, vol. 3, p. 555).
"That a few simple men should in one generation have invented so powerful and appealing a personality, so lofty an ethic and so inspiring a vision of human brotherhood, would be a miracle far more incredible than any recorded in the Gospels" ( Durant, The Story of Civilization, vol. 3,p. 557).
It is a substantial thing that an historian who spends his life considering historical facts should affirm the reality of Christ's existence as well as the rapid growth of the early movement. And that he would call an INVENTION of such a story of Jesus to be a "MIRACLE FAR MORE INCREDIBLE" than any miracle recorded in the Gospels themselves.
Again, the Jewish historian Josephus,writing for the Roman government in the 70's A.D. records some incidental things regarding Christ and the church. He confirms that John the Baptist died at the hand of Herod (this same incident is recorded in the gospels) as well as the death of James the brother of Jesus,
"The brother of Jesus, who was called Christ, whose name was James. . . he delivered them to be stoned" (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, Book XVIII, ch. V, p. 20; Book XX, ch. IX, p. 140 ).
For more on the historical FACTS that Jesus was in indeed a historical figure and NOT a myth as some have proposed see the link below:
Therefore the mere FACT that we have external sources outside the Bible demonstrates the historical reliability of the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible.
The mere FACT that Josephus or other historical writers did not go into great detail about WHO this Jesus was is because practically the whole world at that time in history ALREADY either KNEW Jesus or at least heard the stories and fame about Jesus.
The Bible tells us in Luke 4:37 that the FAME of Jesus spread out through the counties.
Matthew 14:1 tells us that even Herod HEARD of the FAME of Jesus,
And in Matthew 9:23-26 we see that when Jesus raised a young girl from the dead that his FAME went out into ALL the land.
Argument #2 AGAINST the RESURRECTION of JESUS:
Some argue that Jesus just FAINTED or went into a coma or some how in some way FAKED his death, but they offer NO evidence to support their theories. Some call this the "swoon theory".
For me, it would be harder to believe and it would be even a greater miracle that Jesus did NOT DIE after suffering all the things he suffered both before and during the crucifixion, than it is to believe that he was raised from the dead.
Consider that Jesus underwent extreme STRESS before he was ever betrayed in the garden. I want you notice that the BODY of Jesus was in so much stress as he AGONIZED in prayer right before his betrayal that Jesus SWEAT great drops of BLOOD. Please read Luke 24:44, which says,
In today's medical terms this condition of blood being secreted into the sweat glands is called
hematohidrosis and is brought on by tremendous STRESS. This condition actually WEAKENS the skin tissue making it tender and more easily torn and susceptible to bruising.
Go to http://www.javaforjesus.addr.com/walk.html for a great shock wave of an audiovisual presentation of the crucifixion. Be prepare for a very graphic and realist visual portrayal of what truly happened to our Lord and savior who gave his life so we could live.
Argument #3 AGAINST the RESURRECTION of JESUS:
The Muslims who follow the religion of Islam believe that Jesus was REPLACED by another man who was crucified, but Jesus did NOT die on the cross as Christians FALSELY believe.
To me this would be much harder to believe that Jesus actually dying on the cross. I mean think about this logically for a moment. How would it even be possible to SWITCH places with Jesus even if one was willing to die in his place. First you will need to find someone who looked like Jesus and who talked liked Jesus and who was willing to die in the place of Jesus. Then this supposed look a like would have to somehow switch places with Jesus while he was under an armed guard of Roman soldiers.
To me, I do not even know how any one could fall for such a bizarre theory as this that someone other than Jesus die on the cross that day.
Argument #4 AGAINST the RESURRECTION of JESUS:
The Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Jesus was crucified and died, but they do NOT believe in a BODILY resurrection. In other words, Jesus was raised from the dead as a SPIRIT being without a BODY.
Now for me, for any one to say that they BELIEVE what the word of Almighty God ITSELF teaches and then turn around and say that they do NOT believe the very same word of God that clearly and plainly states as a point of FACT with NO interpretation needed that the resurrected Jesus was NOT a SPIRIT or a GHOST is just beyond comprehension to me.
You see the word of TRUTH, the Holy Bible clearly and plainly STATES as FACT in Luke 24:36-47 that Jesus had a FLESH and BONE body that you can touch and fell.
39. Behold (or look closely and SEE) my hands and my feet, that it is I MYSELF: handle me, and SEE; (or touch me and KNOW without a doubt that I am Jesus risen from the dead) FOR (or BECAUSE) a SPIRIT (or a GHOST) has NOT flesh and bones, as you SEE me HAVE.
43. And he took it, and did EAT BEFORE THEM. (In other words, Jesus was FURTHER PROVING to them that he had indeed RISEN from the dead and that he was NOT a SPIRIT or a GHOST as they SUPPOSED him to be by EATING as any other person with a BODY would EAT. Dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ, these were EYE WITNESSES to the RESURRECTION of Jesus. If we cannot believe this part of the word of TRUTH, then how can we believe any other part of God's word? The TRUTH of the matter is that Jesus did indeed RISE from the grave with a FLESH and BONE BODY and NOT as a SPIRIT as some FALSELY teach).
44. And he said unto them, These are the words which I spoke unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.
Argument #5 AGAINST the RESURRECTION of JESUS:
Some believe that the body of Jesus was stolen from the tomb to make it look like Jesus had risen from the dead.
Now we just read where Jesus had to PROVE to his very own disciples that he had indeed RISEN from the DEAD and was NOT a spirit or a ghost as they SUPPOSED him to be. Can you not see that the disciples themselves did not even believe at the first that Jesus had risen from the dead. So then, since the very own disciples did NOT believe that Jesus had risen from the dead as he told them that he would UNTIL Jesus PROVED to them by appearing to them after he arose from the dead, then why would they try and FAKE the resurrection of Jesus by supposedly stealing his body?
The TRUTH of the matter is that his very own disciples were just as surprised as every one else that Jesus did indeed rise from the dead. Thomas actually said that he would NOT believe that Jesus rose from the dead UNTIL he put his own fingers in the print of the nails in the hands of Jesus and thrust his hand in the wound of the spear in Jesus' side. Jesus appeared a second time to his disciples to show himself alive forever more and presented Thomas the opportunity to do just as he said. Then Jesus basically told Thomas to be a BELIEVER from now on not because he SEES for blessed is he who believes without the proof of seeing before they will believe.
Also the Jews had feared that since Jesus taught that he would rise from the dead after three days that the disciples of Jesus MIGHT try as STEAL the BODY of Jesus from the tomb and SAY that he rose from the dead. Therefore they went to Pontius Pilate and requested that he place a GUARD at the tomb and put a SEAL upon the tomb to make absolutely SURE that no one would try and STEAL the BODY of Jesus and then make the CLAIM that Jesus had risen form the dead. Please read Matthew 27:56-66, which teaches us that the tomb was SEALED and made SURE that no one would steal the dead body of Jesus.
64. Command therefore that the sepulcher be made SURE until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.
For further evidence that the RESURRECTION of Jesus did indeed take place please read the studies called "WAS JESUS BORN ON DECEMBER 25th ?" and "WHAT YEAR WAS JESUS CRUCIFIED?", which clearly shows that HISTORICAL ACCURACY of the Bible in relation to provable HISTORICAL FACTS recorded in HISTORY by other sources other than that the Bible itself.
We must confront the very crucial question of the burden of proof.
Should we ASSUME that the gospels are reliable until they are proven to be unreliable?
Or should we ASSUME that the gospels are unreliable unless they are proven to be reliable?
In other words, are the innocent are innocent until proven to be guilty?
Or are the innocent guilty until proven innocent?
Skeptics and scholars or science almost always ASSUME that the gospels are guilty until proven innocent, that is, they assume that the gospels are unreliable unless or until they are proven to be correct concerning some particular FACT that can be proven!
Consider the CONSEQUENCES if a skeptic does NOT follow through with his of her UNPROVEN THEORY that the Bible is NOT true. In reality the BURDEN of proof rest upon the skeptic and not the true believer of God's word. For you see, IF a skeptic does NOT believe the Bible, then they will SUFFER the consequences on the day of judgment when THEY are PROVED to be WRONG in the ASSUMPTION that the Bible is just a mere FABLE and that it is FOOLISHNESS to believe the Jesus is the SON OF Almighty God who died for their sins as well as for our sins.
The real question is are YOU, the SKEPTIC, willing to take that chance that your ASSUMED THEORY without ANY PROOF that it is really true as you CLAIM? For if you are wrong you have EVERYTHING to LOSE.
But if I am wrong, which I am NOT, then I have NOTHING to lose. However, if I am right, which I am, then I have eternal life to gain along with eternal joy and peace now in this present world. I have a TRUE and Almighty God who I can call upon in my time of need who will answer my prayers. But YOU, the SKEPTIC and no believer have NOTHING, NO hope of eternal life in the world to come, NO true peace, and NO one to call upon in your time of need.
The TRUTH of the matter is that if any skeptic DARE to SEARCH for the TRUTH of the whole word of God, then the EVIDENCE is indeed there. But just like ANY scientific EXPERIMENT there is NO PROOF, UNTIL the EXPERIMENT is ACTUALLY PERFORMED!
In other words, the PROOF comes to a BELIEVER AFTER he or she BELIEVES!
This means that a non believing skeptic must FIRST become a BELIEVER, and THEN they will have all the PROOF in the world that Jesus is the SON OF Almighty God the Father who died for THEIR sins!
Please consider the following websites as just the tip of an iceberg of the archeological and scientific evidence that is out there for the RESURRECTION of Jesus.
Here is a link to a website that show the evidence for the crucifixion of Jesus written by a man who was once a SKEPTIC set out to PROVE that the Bible was nothing but fiction.
Here is a link to a website that shows the evidence of Christian tombs at the time of Jesus.
Here is a link showing the scientific evidence for the truth of the crucifixion of Jesus.
Also please consider all the ARCHEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE that the Bible is speaking the TRUTH. Here is a link that offers much evidence that the Bible is true.
Here is are some more links:
Again this is just the TIP of the iceberg of the evidence that is out there that proves without a doubt that the Holy Bible is TRUE.
If you do not like to read here are some links to some VIDEOS showing the discovery of the ark of Noah, the sulfur deposits of Sodom and Gomorrah, the chariot wheels at the bottom of the Red Sea and many more historical artifacts that PROVE the Bible to be TRUE to all who are SINCERELY searching for the TRUTH.
Here is a website that has several videos that show scientific proof of the resurrection of Jesus.
Here is a link to whole collection of videos that show discoveries of the ark of Noah, archeological evidence of Sodom and Gomorrah, the crossing of the Red Sea and the ark of the covenant found in a cave under the very place that Jesus was CRUCIFIED.
If you do NOT search out the TRUTH for YOURSELF, then you alone will be held accountable for REJECTING so great a salvation that has been freely offered to you by Almighty God himself. Remember the PROOF comes AFTER you BELIEVE! So PERFORM the EXPERIMENT by BELIEVING the word of Almighty God. First ASSUME that God's word is the TRUTH. ACT on God's word as being the TRUTH.
Again for further evidence that the RESURRECTION of Jesus did indeed take place please read the studies called "WAS JESUS BORN ON DECEMBER 25th ?" and "WHAT YEAR WAS JESUS CRUCIFIED?", which clearly shows that HISTORICAL ACCURACY of the Bible in relation to provable HISTORICAL FACTS recorded in HISTORY by other sources other than that the Bible itself.
Also while ASSUMING that the Bible is indeed TRUE please read the study called "THE 365 PROPHECIES OF JESUS !" and "THE PROPHECIES OF JESUS BEING THE MESSIAH !" for the SOUND BIBLICAL evidence the Jesus is the FULFILLMENT of these PROPHECIES foretelling of his comings many centuries before he came. Do the MATH and consider the ODDS that MAN fulfilling even one tenth this many prophecies is off the charts. You have nothing to lose and everything to gain by PROVING for yourself that the word of Almighty God is the TRUTH. And you have everything to lose and nothing to gain by continuing to CLAIM that the Bible is not true and that Jesus is NOT the SON OF Almighty God and that Jesus did not die for your sins and the Jesus was not raised from the dead.
God takes NO PLEASURE in the death of the wicked and he is IMPLORING you to repent and call upon him. It is YOUR CHOICE! You choose your OWN destiny. God has set before ALL of mankind LIFE or DEATH and then says CHOOSE LIFE that you and your seed may LIVE!
May God bless you as you continue to search for the TRUTH of the whole word of Almighty God.
From a true believer in the Lord Jesus Christ who is praying for YOU to come to the knowledge of the TRUTH whereby you shall be saved from the destruction of the lake of fire on the day of judgment I also IMPLORE you to take a CLOSER look at the word of God, the Holy Bible, to PROVE for YOURSELF that the Bible is indeed the TRUE and pure word of Almighty God HIMSELF!
PREFORM the EXPERIMENT
AN experiment that is NOT performed
RETURN TO HOMEPAGE